Country: The United States

Event: Mini-MUN 1999

Delegate: Saad al Ghawas



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The American National Anthem



The Star Spangled Banner

Oh, say! can you see by the dawn's early light
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming;
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there:
Oh, say! does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In fully glory reflected now shines in the stream:
'Tis the star-spangled banner! Oh, long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion
A home and a country should leave us no more?
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution!
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Oh, thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and the war's desolation!
Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust":
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.



The United States





The United States of America


The Political Structure:

The Americans (US citizens) are from all over the world. It is an international country. The first immigrants were from England though. The constitution was written when George Washington held the office of president. It addresses the countryís laws and policies, it is the document that runs the government. The President is the highest office attainable in the US government. Under him is the congress, which also has a power over new laws and all the decisions made. If the president makes a law or decision then it must pass through the congress before it is to be accepted. Likewise the president has the power to veto some decisions made by the congress. The congress is dominated by two parties, which include the Democrats and the Republicans. The USA is probably the most stable country on earth presently. It has the most advanced war technology and capabilities. It is very strong economically due to its many factories and abundant natural resources.



Geography:

The US has two bordering countries. These include Canada and Mexico. The US has no natural enemies and is very difficult to attack due to its strategic geography. Canada is larger than the US area wise and is located to the north of the US. Mexico is smaller than the US and is located below the US. The Mexico and US share the Gulf of Mexico while the US and Canada share Hudsonís Bay. An Ocean surrounds the US on either side. On the west it is the Pacific and on the east it is the Atlantic. In the center of the US is the Great Plains Region. This is flat land that covers a huge amount of land. Closer to the coastal regions we find mountain ranges on both sides. On the west there are the Rocky Mountains and on the east there are the Appalachian Mountains. After the mountain ranges we reach the coastal regions.


Natural Resources:

The US has abundant natural resources and has a huge area. It is the worldís third largest petroleum-producing nation. It also has a large reserve of coal. Some of the major metals found in the USA include iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, uranium, manganese, tungsten, bauxite, and nickel. Of the total land area 44 % is utilized for farming. Tobacco, cotton, grapes, citrus fruits, corns, and wheat are a few of the crops that are grown in the US. The US is a major exporter of grain and its derivatives. There are many dairy farms located mainly in the Midwest.


Cultural Factors:

There are five main ethnic groups in the US. There are the Caucasians who are of European and Hispanic descent who make up 83.9% of the population. The blacks, who make up around 12.3% were brought from Africa for slave labor. The Indians, who are the natives of America make up around 0.8% of the population. The Oriental Americans, who came from China, Japan, and other Oriental nations, make up about 3%. Nearly a quarter of the US population is Roman Catholic, and about 6 million are Jews. There is no, one, culture for the US since it is made up of five major ethnic groups. The easiest way to define American culture is that of freedom and patriotism. The people of the US are united under their countryís flag.


Economy, Monetary System:

The US is currently enjoying a budget surplus. Therefore it canít be in debt. It is a member of the World Trade Organization. The US has a strong, stable currency, the dollar. In fact it is so widespread that itís even the universal symbol for money ($). Itís part of NAFTA, which is an international trade organization. However, the US suffers from a serious trade imbalance with China, Japan, and Europe.


Defense

The US has the strongest military presence on earth presently. It has the most technologically advanced military machine in existence. No other country can compare to it in conventional weaponry, and only Russia can compare to it in the nuclear arena. The US has no military dependence on other nations. It is totally self-sufficient. Britain usually tags along behind the US and pretty much follows its moves. Most of the USís alliances are present in NATO. Other alliances are with some third world countries, which include Middle Eastern countries and others in the American continent including Canada and Mexico.


Views on World Problems:

The US attempts to run the world. It attempts to keep peace and stability in less stable countries, mainly in Africa and Central Asia. A good example of this is its involvement in the Gulf War and its involvement in the Arab-Israeli peace talks. It is the most active country in NATO and the UN. Currently the US and Britain are responsible for the NATO action against Yugoslavia. The US wants world peace and stability. The long-term goals are to achieve the goals of the UN and NATO and of course the USís personal interests.



History:

The Cold War was a time when tensions were very high between the US and the Soviet Union due to the nuclear threat. Since then the US has been involved in three major wars including the Korean War, Vietnam, and the Gulf. Lately its been heavily involved in Yugoslavia. The US has seen many rises and falls in the economy but has managed to stay stable. It saw some major advancement in military technology starting in the early 80ís. The US got involved in the Gulf War against Iraq in 1990. Itís currently involved in the war in Yugoslavia while maintaining peace in the Middle East. It has been very active concerning negotiations between the Israelis and the Palestinians. Iraq has kept the US active in the Persian Gulf since 1990.

 

Policy Statements

1. Sanctions on Iraq:

The US has a very positive attitude towards the sanctions on Iraq. The US wants nothing more than to see the sanctions removed from Iraqís suffering peoples. The current sanctions have prevented many innocent civilians from getting food items and medication. This is a terrible situation that can only be remedied by having Iraqís government comply with the UN and UNSCOM completely. To this day, UNSCOM have not been able to have access to all sites in Iraq to check them for cached weapons of mass destruction. If Iraq can cooperate with UNSCOM then the US will be more than happy to see the sanctions removed from Iraq.


2. War in Africa:

The US condemns the war between DPR Congo and its neighbors. The US believes that Congo should not show this aggression between it and its neighbors. It would be much more appropriate and constructive if the Congo could find some way to negotiate the problems plaguing the region. Wars are not constructive and should be avoided at all costs. The US finds negotiations to be a better alternative. The US would like Congo to end the war and start negotiations with its neighbors to find an ultimatum which all parties can agree on. The US would be available to host and supervise the talks.


3. Kurdish People:

The US supports the Kurds. The Iraqis have harassed the Kurds for a long time. The Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein, used chemical and biological weapons on the Kurds and claimed that they were part of a weapons test. The US finds this policy of using human beings as material for weapons testing to be a disgusting and barbaric act. The Kurds want their own state. This is a very difficult demand to comply with. The US believes that the rightful place for the Kurds is in Iraq and parts of Iran since they originated there. The Kurds should not be in Turkey, much less ask for a Kurdish state there since they didnít originate there and have no ties to the Turkish people.


4. Controlling WOMD:

The US strongly supports eliminating the trafficking and smuggling of WOMD. Since the US is an anti-terrorist nation it does not wish to see WOMD fall into the wrong hands. The terrorist threat is very real in the US lately and therefore fears of WOMD being used by international terrorists are terrible and very real. Any measures taken to prevent these weapons from reaching terrorists are fully backed and supported by the US. One particularly disturbing report is that of WOMD from Russia reaching terrorist nations like Iran, Iraq, and Syria. An even greater threat comes from terrorist organizations like those found in Palestine, Lebanon, Ireland, and Kazakhstan..


5. Reform of the SC:

The US does not support the reform of the SC since it believes that there are no significant reasons for reforming the SC. If the SC were to be reformed it is unclear as to why such drastic measures should be taken at this time. If the SC is to be reformed then there should be significant reasons for taking such drastic action.




Resolution

Forum: Security Council
Question of: The current status of the Kurdish people
Delegation: USA

Defining Kurd as being an ethnic group originating in the northern mountainous regions of Iraq and are now being persecuted by the Iraqi military,

Taking into consideration the fact that the Kurdish people are technically refugees since they are not considered Iraqi citizens by the Iraqi people. They do not have passports and are therefore not considered citizens of any nation,

Deeply Disturbed by reports of Iraq "testing" chemical and biological WOMD on Kurdish villages during the Iran-Iraq war, resulting in the confirmed deaths of approximately 3,000 Kurds including women, children, and the elderly,

Noting that the UN has not set up any committee to address this problem. Resulting in the lack of media coverage and the resulting lack of interest in the region,

Deeply Concerned about the rising population of Kurds in Turkey. Many Kurds immigrate to Turkey from the northern mountainous regions of Iraq due to the ever-present threat of violence from the Iraqi military,

Aware of the fact that Turkey is deeply concerned with the wave of Kurdish immigrants and is on the verge of stopping the influx of Kurds into Turkey,

Congratulates Turkey in its patience with the Kurdish people and their crisis,

Condemns the Humanitarian organizations and the Human Rights Coalitions for not addressing this disturbing issue previously,

1. Urges the Security Council to address the Kurdish dilemma by: Sending humanitarian aids to the Kurdish region to administer food and medication to the Kurdish people, Sending 5,000 UN troops to northern Iraq and Turkey on passive duty in order to enforce:
A. The rights of the Kurdish people as Iraqi citizens,
B. The rights of the Kurdish people as humans,
C. Protection from the Iraqi military which was responsible for the shelling of various Kurdish settlements in Iraq in 4/96 which resulted in the deaths of approximatly 250 Kurds including women, and children,

2. Calls Upon the Security Council to create a committee whose particular objective is the relocation of Kurdish people from Turkey and its neighboring countries to Iraq,

Encourages the Security Council to send food and medication to support the Kurdish people in their relocation.

 

Opening Speech U.S.A.


Ladies and Gentlemen, fellow delegates, and secretary-general, good morning. The U.S. is very honored to be here to today at this assembly of the Security Council. The U.S. would like to welcome the delegates from the three temporary members of the Security Council. Kenya, Costa Rica, and Sweden have joined us this day to help in the attempt to achieve peace and prosperity for all the countries of the world.

The U.S. would like to take this opportunity to confront the problem of war. Countries around the world are showing signs of aggression and threats of aggression towards their neighboring countries. An example of this is the situation in DPR Congo, which is waging war with its neighboring countries.

This situation is very disturbing as the numerous countries taking military action prematurely are damaging the prospects for world peace considerably. That is one reason that the U.S. would like to take this great opportunity to ask nations to reconsider their policies. And to the countries that are considering military action, think about whatís better for the world and world peace.

Negotiating is the modern way to come to terms with our differences. The U.S. is concerned with the amount of aggression being shown by many nations worldwide. The U.S. and NATO believe that if a situation cannot be solved with negotiations, then the case should be brought to the UN at which point the UN will make a judgement where the country could be eligible to receive military aid, if worst comes to worst.

In conclusion, world peace is everybodyís concern and we should all work together to try to achieve this ultimate goal. Thank you.