Links to other sites on the Web:
Back to the 1999-2000 Team page
Back to the Mini-MUN 2000 page
Back to the Briefing Book Library
Back to Teams
India is a country with two kinds of governments. The Federal Government and the States Government. India is also an independent government. Lets start talking about the federal government. India has a parliament cabinet form of government. The parliament meets at the capital city of India, which is New Delhi. It consists of the Lok Sabha, which is the house of the people and the Rajya Sabha, which is the council of states. The Prime Minister is the leader of the political party. The president is elected by the parliament and all the states keep their presidents for five years. Representatives of the states and territories make up parliaments.
India has an army, navy, and air force. Now lets talk about State Governments. The federal government has great power over the states. The Indian states have a governor, a chief minister, and a legislature composed of one or two houses. The federal government rules the nine territories through appointed officials. The state governments are organized in much the same way as the federal government. However the president of India appoints the state governors. What about the politics in India? The Congress-I party is India's largest party. The country has many other political organizations. These groups include the All India Party, the Janata Party, the Telugu Desam, and two communist parties.
India is a large country in southern Asia. It is the second largest country in the world in population. India lies between China, which is in the north of India. The Climate in India is not that good. India has three different kinds of seasons. The cold season, the hot season, and the rainy season. In the cold season the weather becomes mild except in the northern mountains. Snow usually falls in the mountainous areas during the cold season. Many sections in India have temperatures above the freezing point of 32 F. the hot season lasts from March till the end of June. Temperatures in the region often rise to 120 F. The hot season in India is not that hot. · The rainy season lasts from the middle of June till September. The rain in India is very hard. They have many rain showers.
India has many different religions. About 38% of the Indian people are Hindus, and about 1 1% are Muslims. The next largest religious groups, in order of size are Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains. Religion plays a vital role in the Indian way of life. Religious laws if the Hindus and Muslims govern the peoples clothing, food, and marriage. Violence between Hindus and Muslims led to the division of India into two nations, India and Pakistan. Many Hindus have died in the wars between Hindus and Muslims. The bloodshed still occurs from time to time.
Many Religious wars happened in the history of India. One of the biggest wars happened in 500 BC- AD 800, Which was between the Muslims and Hindus. The different religions in India effected India in many ways.
India has a large economy in terms of its gross national product. Lets talk about the trade in India. India's chief exports include animal hides, coffee, cotton, jute, nuts, ores, sugar, tea, tobacco, and wool. The country also exports large quantities of industrial goods such as appliances, chemicals, electronic products, light machinery, and plastic. The value of India's imports is more then the exports. India uses foreign loans to finance the extra imports. India's main trading partners are Japan, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States. Agriculture is a major economic activity throughout India.
Many things happened in the history of India. In the earliest 1930's, the British government created a new Indian constitution that gave Indians more political power. Many different wars happened in India. There was the invasion of the Aryans and the invasions of the Mongols. In 1984 Indira Gandhi was assassinated. Rajiv Gandhi, her son, succeeded her as a Prime Minister. There were also many wars between the religions in India. The largest wars were the ones between Hindus and Muslims. India also divided into two parts because of the wars between religions. It divided into India and Pakistan.
Today, our world faces one of the worse diseases ever to hit mankind and is referred to as AIDS. During the period of the early 1980s, many reports of AIDS were documented to affect people of different ages and until now advanced medical technology has not found a cure. All countries of the United Nations must work together on reducing the increasingly large number of AIDS cases in different regions of the world. It is unfortunate that India is on the top of the list of countries suffering from an increase in AIDS cases. The UN should support IMF in every way ranging from passing effective resolutions and acting immediately on countries suffering from this disease to financially supporting IMF in carrying out its extensive jobs. Children of different ages are dying everyday because of the severe consequences of AIDS, therefore,, we must work immediately effectively with no further delay.
It is a fact that all countries of the United Nations and of the world as a whole face problems involving the spreading of different drugs among several age groups of the population. Therefore, all countries should help each other in acting immediately on the prevention of the use and spread of drugs. Drugs are known to be the major cause of death among teenagers whom our future relies on. Consequently with the increase of drugs cases, we are putting the future of our countries at risk. It is the job of the UN to support all organizations, which work on the prevention of drugs because if this aspect is not put to an immediate stop, the cost will be the future of our countries !
Issue: Debt Crisis
Many countries of the United Nations face crucial economical problems because of several reasons. India is known to be one of these countries, which faces a major debt crisis. As you all know that it is a relative fact that India has a large population with a low social status. Financial aids are given to people of the country in providing them with all needs of survival ranging from low costs of nutrition to medical facilities. However, we still continue to face several problems in the survival of most of our population.
Therefore, we kindly ask the UNDP and the different agencies, which we owe financially to cancel the debts for the sake of a better life for our people.
Emphasizing the fact that Acquired Immuno-defficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is one of the deadliest diseases that still lacks a cure.
Reminding that India is one of the major countries suffering from the spread of AIDS among its population.
Noting India is a very well known tourist site thus other countries are at risk of getting affected with the spread of AIDS by the infection of tourists from diverse countries.
Listing some of the major causes of AIDS wide-spreading in the world: a) Lack of education of a large number of the population about AIDS and its dangerous effects. b) The over population of India causing the easy spread of a disease such as aids c) The availability of poor medical facilities d) Low social status of the majority of the population e) The spread of prostitution
Reminding India is a third world country, which is in need of financial support from other countries in the UN. 1)Calling upon all countries to act immediately in supporting India's and other countries AIDS crisis.
2) Requests from countries of the UN to financially support India's and other Courtney's campaign for the reduction and prevention of AIDS.3)Resolves IMF (International Monterey Fund) a) That the increase of medical facilities are built to treat parents suffering from AIDS. b) Provide condoms for all the people to encourage safe sex. c) World wide fund campaigns that strive to prevent that spread of prostitution. d) Countries initiate campaigns that aim towards awareness.
4) Further requests the United Nations to strongly financially support IMF in carrying out its jobs of preventing the spread of AIDS in different countries around the world of which India is known to be a major one.
5) Emphasizing on the continuing increase in the number of AIDS cases in India causing the very quick wide-spreading of this disease among the population and therefore the immediate need for a decisive solution.
Today, the delegation of India stands before you with the hope of solving many of the problems existing in our troubled world today. India has always been a supporter of issues aiming for the achievement of worldwide peace. Our leader and great mentor Ghandi has taught us that with peace we survive. Therefore, we will always be supporters of worldwide peace and serenity.
Before 20 years (in 1981), our world was struck by the discovery of a new disease deadly to mankind. This disease was categorized as an STD (sexual transmitted disease) and falls under the name of AIDS. Until today, advanced medical techniques have not found the cure for this disease and it continues spreading and killing many people from different countries. It is of my deepest sorrow, that India is one of these countries in which AIDS is most wide spread. Everyday reports of deaths show that AIDS has been increasing among the population of India and is still not yet put to a stop. Therefore, I ask all countries to contribute in supporting India's campaign in the prevention of the spreading of AIDs Let us put our hands together in immediately acting and supporting the prevention of AIDS among all countries for this disease has already killed enough of our children whom our future of a better life relies on!