Japan

Student: Sukaina Fakhral-Deen
Event: mini-MUN 2000


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The Japanese National Anthem


Kimigayo (His Majesty's Reign)

Kimi gayo wa
Chiyo ni yachiyo ni
Sazare ishi no
Iwao to nari te
Koke no musu made


English Translation

Thousands of years of happy reign be thine;
Rule on, my lord, till what are pebbles now
By age united to mighty rocks shall grow
Who's venerable sides the moss doth line.


Japan


Country Profile

Political Structures:

The Emperor is head of state but has no executive power. The 252-member House of councillors is elected for six years by universal adult suffrage. One half of the councillors retire every three years. A system of proportional representation is used to elect50 of the councillors. The 500-member House of Representatives is directly elected for four years, 300 members are elected by the first –past-the-post system and 200 members elected under a system of proportional representation. The Diet chooses a Prime Minister who commands a majority in the lower house. The PM, in turn appoints a Cabinet of Ministers, who are responsible to the Diet.


Geography:

Japan is located in Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula. Japan also has some islands known as the Bonin Islands; (Ogasawara-gunto), Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shoto), and Volcano Islands (Kazan-retto). Japan has no boundaries. The climate there varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north. The terrain there is mostly rugged and mountainous. The lowest point of elevation is Hachiro-gata; 4m, the highest point is Fujiyama; 3,776m. Note that Japan has a strategic location in northeast Asia.


Natural Resources:

Japan has few natural resources. The main natural resources it has are; negligible (unimportant) mineral resources fish. There are also natural hazards, there are some dormant volcanoes, and some active volcanoes too. Sometimes there are seismic occurrences, mostly tremors every year, tsunamis (waves, tidal waves). These things can cause a change in the climate, hazardous waste, marine dumping, Ozone layer protection, endangers species. The environment current issues are air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain. That causes acidification of lakes and reservoirs, degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life. Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere.


Cultural Factors:

The area of Japan is limited, but the population is big (126, 182, 077). The people there are Japanese; their main language is Japanese. In Japan there are two ethnic groups; they are…
1st) Japanese: 99.4%
B) Other: 0.6% (mostly Korean)

There are mostly Japanese people, and a little other, so that means that they get along. Their religions are both Shinto and Buddhist 84%, other 16% (including Christian 0.7%). Their education, people that are 15 and over can read and write.


Economy:

Despite the generally crowded living conditions in the cities, the Japanese enjoy a high standard of living. The country has the second largest industrial is heavily economy in the world, despite having very few natural resources. Japanese industry is heavily dependent on imported raw materials-about 90% of Japan’s energy requirements are imported and petroleum is the single largest import. Japan’s economic success is based on manufacturing industry, which-with construction- employs 30% of the labour force. Japan is the world’s leading manufacturer of motor vehicles, and one of the major producers of ships, steel, synthetic fibres, chemicals, cement, electrical goods and electronic equipment. Rapid advances in Japanese research and technology have helped the expanding export-led economy. The banking and financial sectors have prospered, and Tokyo is one of the world’s main stock exchanges and commercial centres. Agriculture is labour intensive. Although Japan is self-sufficient in rice, agriculture is not a priority and a high percentage of its food requirements-particularly cereals and fodder crops-have to be imported. The traditional Japanese diet is sea-based and the fishing industry is a large one. The Currency there is yen (¥).


Defense:

Japan has a big military to defend it. These are some of the military branches: Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (Army), Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (Navy), and Japan Air Self-Defense Force (Air Force). If you want to enter the military you have to enter the right age, in Japan you have to be 18 years old to enter the military. Mostly the males that are between 15 to 49, are available, or are fit for military service.


Views of world problems:

Japan is a member of the UN (United Nations), OECD and Apec. Japan isn’t getting along with some of the countries in Asia and especially China cause of the World War II (WWII), because of World War II there was racial hatred.


History:

The Japanese myth dates the first emperor, Jimmu to 660BC. However the first known emperors reigned in Nara in the 8th century AD. The rise of imperial power, the feudal system and the shogunate in Japan. At the end of the 19th century, the Meiji emperor overthrew the last shogun and restored power to the throne. He encouraged Western institutions and a Western-style economy, so that by the beginning of the 20th century Japan was rapidly industrializing and on the brink of becoming a world powers.

By the end of the Meiji era (1912), Japan had established an empire. Japan had defeated China (1894-1895), taking Port Arthur and Taiwan, and startled Europe by beating Russia (1904-1905), by land and at sea. Korea was annexed in 1910. Allied with Britain in 1902, Japan entered World War I against Germany in 1914, in part to gain acceptance as an imperial world power. However, Japan gained little except some of the German Island territories in the Pacific and became disillusioned that the country did not seem to be treated as an equal by the Great Powers. The rise of militarism and collapse of the world trade led to the rise of totalitarianism and a phase of aggressive Japanese expansion. Japan became allied to Nazi Germany and in 1941 Japanese aircraft struck Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, bringing the USA into World War II. An initial rapid Japanese military expansion across Southeast Asia and the Pacific was halted, and the war ended for Japan in disastrous defeat and the horrors of atomic warfare.

Emperor Hirohito (reigned in 1926-1989) surrendered in 1945. Shintoism, which had come to be identified with aggressive nationalism, ceased to be the state religion, and in 1946 the emperor renounced his divinity. The Allied occupation (1945-1952) democratized politics and began an astonishing economic recovery based on an aggressive export policy. The economy was jolted by major rises in petroleum prices in 1973 and 1979, but Japan maintained its advance to become a technological front-runner and after the USA, the world’s second largest economy. However, Japan’s protectionism has led to accusations of unfair trading practices. By 1988, Japan surpassed the USA as the world’s aiddonor. The Liberal Democrats, who held office from 1955 to 1993 despite a number of financial scandals, dominated the Japanese political world. Since then a number of coalitions have held power.

 

Japan’s Policy Statement


The Issue of external debt crisis

Many countries owe money to Japan. Japan would like to extend its sympathies to such nations. Japan itself is enormously in debt with many of its banks in serious trouble. Japan welcomes a solution that will help other countries and Japan improve upon this situation.

Other Policy statements seem to be missing...



Resolution

Delegate: Sukaina Fakhral-Deen.
Delegation: Japan.
Forum: ECOSOC.
Regarding: The issue of external debt crisis.

Aware of the increasing negative effects of external debt crises, the financial economics and political statuses of countries suffering from debt crises.

Believing that debt crisis is a big problem.

Fully alarmed by how debt crises could badly affect some countries.

Noting with regret that the number of countries with the problem of debt crisis is increasing.

Welcoming the financial or other aid of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Confident that some money will be given to them from their friend lands; like America.

1-Regrets that some countries…
a)Have stayed for a long time and still having debt crisis.
b)The number of countries with debt crisis is increasing.

2-Expresses it hopes in solving the problem by…
One) The governments country helping with the loan/money, due to debt.
Two) The United Nations budget.
3- Urges to make an announcement reminding the countries with the problem of crisis debt, to pay their loans and if any countries would like to help. We could the announcement by…
Television commercials (brief note).
Two) Ads in magazines and newspapers.

4- Requests that other countries could help by giving…Charity and Donations.

5- Notes that decreasing the problem of the debt crisis, will decrease many problems, like…
One) Loans, due to debt.
Two) Money problems.

6- Further resolves that if the number of countries with debt crisis would increase as time passes on, they will have a lot of problems.

7-Expresses its hope in other countries to help, by…Donations and Charity.

8-Encourages the rich countries to help these countries by…Giving them some of their money and Donating some money.

 

 

Opening Speech


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