Country: Russian Federation



Event: Mini-MUN 2000

Student: Hessa Malallah

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The Russian National Anthem


The Russian Federation



Country Profile


Political structure:

Russia is the largest country in the world. Notably, it must have great people and a uniquely strong government. There are 100 languages spoken in Russia.

Russia is a federal republic that is made of 89 subdivisions. It consists of lots of regions, 21 republics, 10 autonomous areas, 6 territories, 2 federal cities, (Moscow and St. Petersburg) and one more autonomous region. The state Duma and the Federal Council make up the Federal Assembly. Although, nowadays, the president seems to have more power than the parliament does.

Russia, a large Euro-Asian expanse of land has endured "times of trouble" as the Mongol's rule of the 13th to the 15th century; disgraceful and disgusting acts of terror; massive invasions by Swedes, French, and Germans; and the deadly communist period (1917-1991) in which Russia manipulated an immense Soviet Union. General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, (1985-1991) introduced openness and reconstructing in an attempt to modernize communism, but also started and released forces that demolished, pulverized, and smashed the USSR into 15 independent republics in December 1991. Russia has strained to restore a democratic political system to replace the strict, political, social, and the economic controls of the communist period. These efforts only confused the economy and policy regulations and practices, and resulted in contradictory.

Industry, agriculture, the military, the central government, and the ruble have also suffered, but Russia held, successfully, two presidents, two legislative and numerous regional elections since 1991. However, still, in Russia, nowadays, the president controls the income of the country; Income of oil exports, financial incomes, and others.


Geography:

Russia has a few geographical features. Russia borders 12 countries. (North Korea, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lativa, Estonia, Finland, and Norway). Russia's geography has two advantages. First of all, it is the world's largest country, 6,592,840 miles squared (17,075,400 km squared). Secondly, Russia is in the extreme north. Being in the north Russia has a severe continental type of climate. It is intensely hot in summer and extremely cold in winter. With a few exceptions, long cold winters and short hot summers mark the climate.


Natural resources:

Russia has varied and ample (rich) natural resources. It only depends on foreign sources for raw material. Russia is one of, if not, the most self-sufficient industrialized country in the world. However, basically, their technology for getting resources is limited.

The forest regions in the south of the tundra, 800-1,000 miles in width cover the land from east to west extensively. Russia has huge grasslands and good vegetation that is self-fulfilling, but, despite that, massive amounts of important grains are needed and are imported to Russia because of two obvious factors: short growing seasons, and insufficient rainfall.

Russia ranks first in the production of natural gas and is among the world's top producers in crude oil, iron, nickel, diamonds, and gold. Russia's electricity depends thoroughly on waterpower; hydroelectricity is so great, that only the equatorial Africa can exceed the amount of hydroelectricity produced.

Russia is famous for its rich mineral fuels, coal reserves, asbestos, zinc, cobalt, potassium, lead, gold, platinum, and uranium. Russia is very rich in its natural resources.


Cultural Factors:

In the Soviet era, the religious activities were very limited, but after the Soviet period ended, the restrictions and limitations decreased notably till they diminished. About 10 million people belong to the Russian Orthodox Church. Other religious groups include Baptists, Roman Catholics, Muslims, and Jews. Ethnic groups and nationalities represent about 1% of Russia's population. About 82% of the Russians are Great Russians, and about 7% are Tatars and Ukrainians. 10% of the people in the south are non-Russian Muslims. Russia's birthrates is an important issue, where Russia fears that the increase in the populations of neighboring countries will force many people to migrate to there. It fears to be accused of denying the refugees. This is also worrying the Muslims in the region and the possibilities of their assigning of refugees to being deliberately sent to Russia as spies or as such. That is why Russia is concerned with the birthrate.



Economy:

During 1990-1991, the Soviet government aimed gradually at introducing a market-based economy. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, 1991, Russia continued economic reforms and abolished most price controls; economic development during the Soviet era was pursued at the expanse of the environment, but this caused many environmental problems for Russia.

The Soviet era witnessed the main Russian industrial development. During this era, many attention was given to the heavy industries (iron, steel, machinery, and electric power), and little to the light industries (clothing, household goods, and processed foods). Russia's economy is not strong. Its industries outdated the factories. Most Russians don't even buy Russian products.

Russia has just a few good ports; most are frozen during the long winters though. In the 1980's, some freedom was granted to the media. Before that, all forms of communication were governmental. The economical reforming of the Soviet era, together with the generous amounts of foreign aid, has begun to bring Russia to a stand in the world's free markets. Vladivost in the east is an important exception though.

In 1994, Russia's Gross Domestic product was $279 billion (about 1/16 the size of the USA, 1/10 the size of Japan, and ¼ the size of China). Russia's main economy's products are agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing industrial equipment and food. Russia's major exports are natural gas, petroleum, and petroleum products. Also, in addition to these, minerals and metals, paper and timber products, chemicals and machinery. Meanwhile, Russia's major imports are metals, consumer goods, foodstuff, chemical products, textiles, leather, and machinery. Russia's major trading partners are other members of the CIS (Germany, Italy, United States, United Kingdom, and China).

Russia's current currency is the 'Ruble'.

Defense:

Russia's forces were afflicted and had suffered after the fall of the Soviet. However, Russia quickly redeemed by forming its own military structure. In June 1993, the CIS (Commonwealth Independent States) was abolished after a year of struggling after the fall of the USSR. The Russian army is of about 1.52 million troops. There has been small a descent since last year in the warheads (slightly below 6,000) mainly because of the removal of weapons that were once deployed in Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Belarus.

Russia probably has the largest army. It is probably because of the family care that the soldiers get. During the Cold War, though, Russia needed the participating of all the people to serve a larger army. With this large army, Russia threatens smaller neighboring countries such as Kazakhstan.

The status and future of Russia’s bomber force is quite unclear. At the end of 1998, Russia had a total of 70 strategic bombers, due to the lack of financial ability, were not all functional (operational). Thus, the Russian military is somewhat weak and suffers certain disabilities. This refrains the ability to defend itself properly. Preparedly, and sufficiently.

Russia is not yet ready to compete enemies as the Untied States of America and China.



View on world problems:

First, Russia is a member of the CIS (Commonwealth Independent States), and a member of the Security Council in the UN (United Nations). Russia is not a communist country, and, in fact, it doesn't support communism in anyway at all. However, it is false to say that Russia would not support a communist country, as in China. Russia sides countries, as it has Serbia against Cassava, for financial and political interest. It also has a reputation for contradicting what the US affirms in different ways. It almost got to the point of fighting the NATO powers. Russia sided Serbia because it's much richer, stronger, and more politically, financially, and technologically advanced than Cassava. Serbia is also part of the Eastern Othrodox Christians whilst Cassava people are Muslims. This is exactly why Russia fought the Turkish and the Serbs fought the Austro-Hungarians.



History:

What will always storm the history of Russia is the Soviet Union. 1922, Russia compromised the largest part of the Soviet Union, which was, perhaps, the most powerful communist country in the world until its break up in December 1991. 13 sates declared independence from the Soviet Union. Russia then became part of the CIS.

Boris Yeltsin was the main opponent of Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev during the late 1980’s. Yeltsin was elected president of Russia by the Russian parliament in 1990. He became the first popularly elected president in Russian history in the national elections that took place in 1991. Virtually all of the Soviet Union’s republics had declared independence by November 1991.

In December of the same year, Russia became a founding member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, a loose confederation of former Soviet republics. Upon independence, Russia was tormented by several problems. It faced widespread economic hardship; Russia’s relations with the Ukraine became strained. A new union treaty was signed in 1992 between Russia and most of its autonomous political subdivisions. During 1992-93, Yeltsin struggled for power against leaders in the Russian parliament. In a national referendum in April 1993, the majority of those who voted showed that they supported Yeltsin and his economic policies.

In late September 1993, Yeltsin dissolved the parliament, (which obstructed his programs). A rebellion took place in Moscow between the two sides’ supporters in early October, which was crushed after two days of armed conflict. The Communist government is best described as a failure and a problem causing and nowhere near intact government. It always faced troubles caused by the Communists and the Communist government itself. There was no freedom as well, which made it just like the Czar’s government.

 

Policy Statements:

A. Issue #1: Issue of external debt crisis

Russia strongly believes in the existence of external debt crisis as a worldwide problem. Russia itself has a debt of over $100 million minimum with the CIS. But Russia also has countries in debt for it. Russia supports any action undertaken to help resolve the debt crises. Russia does not support the act of putting a country in debt, but it doesn’t forbid the countries in need to ask for loans. However, theoretically proved, a country with more than one debt crisis is one with a big problem.

B. Issue #2: Issue of the review and implementation of the UN on AIDS

Russia believes that the AIDS epidemic is the current real threat to the people of the world. AIDS is the new maze Earth is slowly being lured into. Until today, there is no cure for AIDS. Russia would support all effective and active programs in order to pitch a hand in solving this epidemic that is threatening reality.

C. Issue #3: Issue of the international cooperation in drugs abuse control and rehabilitation programs

Russia is fully aware of this critical, international, world wide problem. Russia is concerned with drugs taking over civilians. Russia, as a country, is trying to terminate the existence of drug abuse in many ways. Russia offers drug education classes in institutes and has drug abuse rehabilitation program centers that welcome all patients. Not only is Russia aware of this problem, but it is also in motion where it has proposed a plan in which it was merged with fellow delegates and approved by many others. Russia is helping itself locally and globally supporting and complying with all the rules that would help wipe out this problem.

 


Resolution

Country: Russia
Issue: Drugs
Forum: Ecosoc

Contemplating the spread of drugs widely daily.

Affirming the deep need of extra efforts in the road of redeeming.

Emphasizing that the drug problem is harming every person everywhere and causing disruption in countries and the violation of safety.

Viewing with appreciation the efforts of the UN Health Committee in the reduction in the issue of drug abuse in all regions.

Deeply regretting the small actual coverage of the UNHC.

Declaring the need to a co-organization.

Further proclaims the need of extra attention of subject of drug abuse.

Keeping in mind the efforts of UNHC and other committees and organizations.

1. Resolves the UN will create a Drug Abuse T. Association which will include:
a.psychotherapy, Psychotherapy, professional help, and-professional help, and professional doctors
b. meeting for the education on drugs and drug abuse
i. education on drugs
ii. advice on usage of medical drugs
iii. how to help victims
c. hospitality for extreme cases
i. rooms and authorized help
ii. open routine for all patients and special routines for special cases
d. sheltering victims of drug abuse from openness that could lead to disaster
i. shelters for protection
ii. Advisors
e. Advice
i. Psychiatrists
ii. Psychologists
iii. Open sessions
iv. Personal help/attention
f. medications
i. Medicines will be subscribed by authorized doctors to help with state of patients
g. funding based on the building of the UNHC (with possible aid from IMF)
(exact implementation funding X2 +23 billion dollars shelter fees)
h. organization will be twice as big and effective as the UNHC and half as expensive to victims.

2. Promises fulfilling the need of drug abuse therapy

3. Encourages all rich countries to help funs
a. help yourself and others without noticing
i. Big countries help themselves by helping with this association
-they help poor countries too
b. enforces relations between countries
i. Relation between countries become stronger

4. Calls upon the IMF for financial aid

5. Urges the complying of all countries
a. reinforcement relations and agreements

6. Congratulates UNHC for a job well done.

7. Reminds the nations that the UNDATA will begin a tradition of giving aids to all civilians in need.

8. Recommends that all member nations participate due to critical drug abuse spreading widely.

9. Expresses the hopes that the UNHC can play a role in the implementation of UNDATA.
a. association between the UNHC and exchange of aids.
b. advertisement to the UNHC
i. More people get to know of the UNHC

10. Declaring that the UNDATA will do indeed a very excellent job and will do a great deal to heal and therapy drug abuse victims.

 

 

Opening speech


Size, dear delegates, does matter. Russia is the world’s largest country. It has notably good people and a uniquely strong governmental system. Russia is al barge Euro-Asian expanse of land that has endured "times of trouble". General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev (19985-1991) introduces openness and reconstruction in order to modernize communism. In sequel, demolishing, pulverizing, and smashing the USSR into 15 independent republics in December 1991.

Even though Russia is considered to be a communist nation, it, in no way, supports communism and is trying its hot-wired efforts to abolish communism from its boundaries.

Now, on the issue of drug abuse:

Russia is fully aware of this critical, international, world wide problem. Russia is concerned with drugs taking over civilians. Russia, as a country, is trying to terminate the existence of drug abuse in many ways. Russia offers drug education classes in institutes and has drug abuse rehabilitation program centers that welcome all patients. Not only is Russia aware of this problem, but it is also in motion where it has proposed a plan in which it was merged with fellow delegates and approved by many others. Russia is helping itself locally and globally supporting and complying with all the rules that would help wipe out this problem. The UNDATA is a huge start for the awareness of the world on the issue of drug abuse.