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St. Lucia is a parliamentary democracy modeled on the Westminster system. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor General, because Britain ruled St. Lucia before its independence. The Governor General, who is recently Pearlette Louisy, is basically for ceremonial functions and things like that, although he has the power to do many things, under the constitution, which was made in 1979 based on the English common law. The real power is with the Prime Minister, who is now Dr. Kenny D. Anthony. The power also lies with the cabinet, which is usually representing the majority party in parliament.
The parliament consists of the Senate (an 11-member body, six appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and two after consultation with religious, economic, and social groups) and the House of Assembly (17 seats; members are elected by popular vote from single-member constituencies to serve five-year terms). The parliament may be dissolved by the Gs, the capital city, is on the northwest coast and known for its magnificent harbor. St. Lucia was named for the patron saint of the day on which it was discovered. The Governor General can be removed at any point during its five-year term, either at the request of the prime minister--in order to take the nation into early elections--or at the governor general's own discretion--if the house passes a vote of no-confidence in the government. The parliament had different parties that wanted to be in it, and they’re United Workers Party (UWP, ruling), St. Lucia Labor Party (LP, official opposition), Progressive Labor Party (PLP, opposition).
St. Lucia is the second largest island of the British Lesser Antilles. Located in the center of the Windward Island chain. That is in the Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean St. Lucia is an island located north of Trinidad and Tobago and south of Martinique. St Lucia is 620 sq. km (610 sq. km land, and 10 sq. km water), and it’s almost as 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC. Its coastline is 158 km.
The climate in St. Lucia is tropical from northeast winds. Its average temperature is 26'C (79' F). The dry season is from January to April, and the rainy season is from May to August. Its terrain is volcanic and mountainous with some broad and fertile valleys. The lowest point in St. Lucia is the Caribbean Sea (0 m), and the highest point is Mount Gimie (950 m). There are some hurricanes and volcanic activity in St. Lucia. It’s a beautiful country with lots of forests, beaches, minerals (pumice), and mineral springs.
St. Lucia has many natural resources which are mostly of agriculture like, mangoes, papayas, pineapples, sour sops, passion fruit, guavas, cocoa, coconut, citrus fruits, livestock, vegetables, and especially bananas. There are a lot of bananas because of the weather conditions (hurricanes, tropical storms being able to massively destroy the seedlings).
St. Lucia exports and imports things from three main countries: U.K. 50%, U.S 24%, and the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) 16%. St. Lucia exports huge amounts of bananas but the problem is that there are also other countries in Latin America that had increased competition in exporting bananas, and also its economy is bad, so it has to produce as much bananas as it can.
St. Lucia has some ethnic groups in it and religious groups in its 154.020 population. The largest population comes from the African descent (black 90%), and mixed African-European descent (6%). There are also small East Indian (3%) and European (1%) minorities. English is the official language, although many St. Lucians speak a French patois.
In the religions in St. Lucia, 90% of the population are Roman Catholic, because of the early French influence on the island, 7% are Protestant, and 3% are Anglican. St. Lucia most ethnic group is the African descent because the first people who lived in St. Lucia came from northern South America 200-400 AD Then the Europeans (U.K., Dutch, France, and Spain) landed and lived in the island.
There are no problems between these groups because there are only few groups other than the black. St. Lucia is a very democratic country and the evidence of that is that the Governor General is a lady, so has no problems between its people.
St. Lucia’s economy is very vulnerable because of its heavy dependence on banana production, which is subject to tropical storms. Like what happened because of the Tropical Storm Debbie in mid-1994, which caused the loss of 60% of the year's banana crop. Also, increased competition from Latin American bananas will probably further reduce market prices, so Saint Lucia's needs to make its economy depend on other things like tourism, manufacturing, and construction. Which proved that phenomena in 1997, strong activity in tourism and other service sectors offset the small activity in agriculture, manufacturing, and construction sectors. This will surely improve the Gross domestic product (GDP).
St. Lucia imports and exports many things. It exports bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, and coconut oil to UK 50%, US 24%, and CARICOM countries 16%. It imports food 23%, manufactured goods 21%, machinery and transportation equipment 19%, chemicals, and fuels from US 36%, CARICOM countries 22%, UK 11%, Japan 5%, and Canada 4%. St. Lucia is a member of many organizations like the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), CARICOM (Caribbean Community), the Lome IV Convention, (the Organization of American States.), The United Nations, and the WTO. Basically, the economy depends on the UK, US, and the CARICOM countries.
St. Lucia has no army or defense because of its good relations with other countries. It has only The Royal Saint Lucia Police Force (includes Special Service Unit) which it spends $5 million on (2% of GDP), and the Coast Guard. But because of St. Lucia's geographical location, it is an excellent transit point for traffickers. In response to this threat, the Government of St. Lucia has made different treaties with the United States including a sea law enforcement agreement, a legal assistance treaty, and an extradition treaty. Those treaties work and they make St. Lucia safe because it has The U.S. helping it.
View On World Problems:
St. Lucia has views on world problems that have to do with the environment or with health… but it doesn’t have any political problems with countries. St. Lucia participates in the World Environment Day, which is observed at June 5Th of every year. St. Lucia also made its Natural Disaster Reduction Program in commemoration of the year 1990-2000 as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. Meanwhile information coming from the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction 1990-2000 Supplement shows that as disasters increase, it becomes clear than neither government authorities nor local communities themselves can continue to assume the rising costs of citizens for losses incurred. The only affordable solutions are in prevention measures.
St Lucia was named by Columbus, who sighted the island on St Lucy's day 1502. The island has been much fought over. At some time before Columbus's arrival, the Arawaks lived in it, who came from northern South America 200-400 AD Then the Caribs replaced them during the time 800-1000 AD Then the Spanish tries to take control, but failed.
After that, both the English, with their headquarters in Barbados, and the French, who dominated Martinique, found St. Lucia attractive after the sugar industry developed in 1765. But the English won when France left St. Lucia in 1815. The British and French influences seem to weigh equally, although the French lost the island in 1815. The British spread their language, educational system, and legal and political structure. French culture is more shown in the arts--music, dance, and Creole patois, which stands along the official language of English.
In 1959, St Lucia joined the West Indies Federation, which was made to make the British Caribbean countries independent. Disagreements between the larger members led to dissolution in 1962, and the larger members tried to become independent alone. In 1967, St Lucia received a new constitution, giving full self-government, as one of the states of the Federated States of the Antilles. In February 1979, St Lucia became independent, as a constitutional monarchy and member of the Commonwealth.
St. Lucians is black because the English, who dominated the island, brought many slaves to the island that’s why the people’s skin is black. The slavery didn’t affect much on the St. Lucians now, they just forgot it. The St. Lucian’s culture is from the different groups that lived in it (English, African.).
St. Lucia looks at the issue of external debt crisis as a mistake. First of all, the debts that are on poor countries belong to three sources:
Bilateral Debt - is contracted between two countries.
Multilateral Debt - debts that is owed to institutions such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Africa Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank.
Commercial Debt - debt that is owed to private banks, includes U.S. banks.
The debt crisis started at the end of the 70’s, when many oil-exporting countries had large amounts of extra money. They put this money into Western banks. The banks then loaned a lot of money to poor countries (third world countries) for big development projects. However, several things (a rise in world interest rates, and low commodity prices…) made these debts grow very fast, so several countries began to fall behind in their payments. The amount of money owed has increased because of the interest, and now poor countries don’t have enough money to pay just the interest. Also these countries must pay in hard currencies (stable currencies; their value does not change very much like the Japanese yen, the American dollar and the Swiss franc). Most of these countries owe about $250 billion. The debt crisis came onto the international agenda in the fall of 1982 when Mexico announced it could not pay the interest and principal due on its foreign debt. Many parts of the world, particularly Africa, Latin America and parts of Asia soon followed Mexico. St. Lucia sees that this was a mistake, and the countries should be forgiven (since most St. Lucians are Roman Catholic, and Roman Catholic encourages to forgive). Also the debt owed by the poorest countries is enormous to them, but they’re small in relation to the wealth of rich nations. Canceling this debt will not harm them and will greatly help their struggling neighbors. Debt cancellation can make the country's resources become invested in health, education, food, and security for its people.
St. Lucia has some small debt problems but with their farmers, because they took loans after the economy, which depends on bananas, went down in St. Lucia. Dr. Anthony, the Prime Minster said, "We know nearly all the farmers are in debt, very serious debt," but there are banana industries in St. Lucia that can help solve the problem. St. Lucia also has some companies that owe the government of St. Lucia money like LIAT, which is a regional airline that owe the government close to five million EC dollars. Also some users of the Castries Market Facilities such as fast food booth subscribers and the roadside canteen booth subscribers have many debt which they have to pay to the government. St. Lucia has to pay debts to tourists companies, but they’re not a big deal. St. Lucia doesn’t have a big problem with debt.
2. The issue of the review and implementation of the UN program on AIDS:
St. Lucia has a clear policy towards this issue of AIDS. But what’s HIV and what’s AIDS? AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) was first known in the United States in 1981, and then it spread in the world and became the most dangerous disease. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By killing or impairing cells of the immune system, HIV destroys the body's ability to fight cancers and diseases. People who have AIDS are easily caught by the life threatening diseases called opportunistic infections, which are caused by microbes that usually do not cause illness in healthy people. More than 600,000 cases of AIDS have been reported in the United States since 1981, and as many as 900,000 Americans may be infected with HIV. HIV is spread most commonly by sexual contact with an infected partner. The virus can enter the body through the lining of the vagina, vulva, penis, rectum or mouth during sex. HIV also is spread through contact with infected blood. Also, HIV is spread through injection drug users by the sharing needles that have blood of someone infected with the virus. Women can transmit HIV to their babies during pregnancy or birth. Approximately one-quarter to one-third of all untreated pregnant women infected with HIV will pass the infection to their babies. HIV also can be spread to babies through the breast milk of mothers infected with the virus. If the drug AZT is taken during pregnancy, the chances of passing HIV to the baby are very small. Although researchers have detected HIV in the saliva of infected individuals, no evidence exists that the virus is spread by contact with saliva. Studies of people infected with HIV have found no evidence that the virus is spread to others through saliva such as by kissing. However, no one knows the risk of infection from so-called "deep" kissing, involving the exchange of large amounts of saliva, or by oral intercourse. Scientists also have found no evidence that HIV is spread through sweat or tears. HIV is not spread through casual contact such as the sharing of food materials, towels, swimming pools, telephones, or toilet seats. Biting insects such as mosquitoes or bedbugs does not spread HIV.
St. Lucia moves to take down AIDS by several ways of teaching people how dangerous it is. In November 1998, St. Lucia made a 5 year Plan of Action to decrease the spread of HIV/AIDS in St. Lucia. St. Lucia had started to have AIDS in its people in 1985, but the number of people infected with HIV/AIDS has increased to 216 at the last count in September 1998. Since the first reported case in 1985, Local physician at the Clinic for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) Dr. Phillip Atigre said, "St. Lucia is still in a position to limited the spread of AIDS." Dr. Atigre is suggesting that the five year plan should look in detail at sexually transmitted diseases, methods of protection and the advantages of testing regularly for STD’s. Because St. Lucia has a bad economy and the cost of treating persons infected with HIV/AIDS is very high, St. Lucia concentrates on preventative measures rather than on treatment. St. Lucia made November as AIDS awareness month. St. Lucia also encouraged and participated in the 13th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Caribbean Drug Service Tenders and Technical Advisory Committee that took place on March 18- 20, 1999. During these two days, the committee encouraged using a particular drug for the treatment of AIDS to pregnant women who are HIV positive. According to Managing Director of the Eastern Caribbean Drug Service, Francis Burnett "…it has been found that the use of AZT in pregnant women can reduce the transmission to the new born baby by as much as fifty one percent." St. Lucia would encourage any resolutions that help in preventing the spread of AIDS instead of curing it. Also it encourages resolutions that don’t make it pay too much.
Drug abuse is one of the most spread and dangerous problems in the world right now. Drugs are materials that makes the person using them not know what he’s doing. They’re like alcoholic drinks but they’re effects are much stronger and…worse. There are many kinds of drugs like cocaine, crack, heroin, marijuana, hashish, and many other kinds. They can be taken by inhaling (powder) or by injections or taking pills… Drugs are made from planted as agriculture or from certain trees. St. Lucia did many agreements and things to try to decrease that problem in it. The Government of St. Lucia and Britain signed, on a two-year Customs Reform and Modernization project in June 5, 1998. Gordon Baker, the British High Commissioner to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean signed on behalf of the British Government. This agreement forms part of Britain’s help to the Caribbean Drugs Initiative, which aims to help decrease the economic impact of drugs trafficking within and throughout the region. After one week, the Government of Saint Lucia and the British Government made another agreement. This time the British government is providing experts to help with the reformation and modernization of the customs department in St. Lucia. A British Customs Officer arrived in St. Lucia and worked with officials for the island’s customs department and other government departments to work out some training programs. The project is expected to cost in the region of EC $2.3 million. British High Commissioner to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean Gordon Baker, said, "The Project is a significant part of our (the British Government’s) own effort in this part of the world. I think we all believe that we are determine to work together with the Government of St. Lucia to make this project succeed." All these agreements were on the Custom Department because it’s the entry of dangerous drugs, which are trafficked through these islands on route mainly to Europe and North America. St. Lucia also held, at June 10, 1998, the meeting of The Caribbean Customs Law Enforcement Council (CCLEC), which has thirty four countries including St. Lucia. CCLEC announced that The Regional Clearance System (RCS) would follow the United Nations Drug Control Program, which is on a specific customs area - the control of the movement of small vessels and light aircraft. Euan Stewart, Permanent Secretary of the Caribbean Customs Law Enforcement Council said, "Essentially what we’re going to do through the program is to ensure the effectiveness of national customs capabilities and the sum of that total will be the regional project. The main drive is to assess the development of national capacities." The CCLEC will work on other programs, like the Caribbean Drug Initiative, Automation, Trade, and Enforcement projects. St. Lucia has also the US that made with it treaties for drugs and sea law enforcement. St. Lucia is trying hard to solve this problem of drugs because of what it does to the country, people, everything. St. Lucia would vote for any resolution that prevents bringing drugs into St. Lucia, and would like it to stop the drug problem once and for all. St. Lucia would further encourage and vote for these resolutions especially if they were submitted by the UK or US.
Countries that will have the same position on the issues: Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Caricom countries: Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts, St. Vincent the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad, UK, the US, and many others
Aware of the dangers of drug abuse,
Believing that drug abuse is a big problem,
Fully alarmed by how drug abuse could effect badly on the world in almost every sector,
Noting with regret that the number of people taking drugs is increasing,
Welcoming the efforts of the United Nations International Drug Control Program (UNDCP) to catch traffickers and drugs, especially in coordinating with the World Costums Organization, and the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL),
Confident of the UNDCP’s programs to strengthen the capacities of governments to counter illicit trafficking by sea and through sea ports,
1- Congratulates the United Nations Drug Control Program (UNDCP) on its work towards the drug abuse problem.
2- Regrets that many people, especially young ones, are going into drug abuse.
3- Expresses its hope in getting the money from: (and this money should be used for the clause bellow) (a)- donations given to the United Nations either from: (i)- countries (ii)- people (b)- the United Nation’s budget
4- Urges making programs to decrease the spread of illicit drugs: (a)- commercial programs, by giving the money to the countries that need these programs for: (a)- TV commercials: (i)- Bringing famous people in every part of the country (sports, disabled, parliament, Pope, singers… etc.) (b)- Newspaper/magazine commercials: (i)- Bringing famous people in every part of the country (sports, disabled, parliament, Pope, singers… etc.) (ii)- Showing, in serene and calm places, how non-addicts can live relaxed without drugs. (c)- making more commercials on the UNDCP (b)- education programs, by giving the money to the countries so that: (a)- people can learn more about the consequences of drug abuse (b)- people can learn how to prevent taking drugs, and how do they look so they don’t take them by mistake (c)- health programs, and the money the should be given to the country, this money should not be less then 10% of the money for the drug problem in the 3rd clause, so that countries: (a)- make the programs to cure addicts of drugs not expensive (b)- bringing experts and doctors that "know what to do" to cure the addicts because the treatment needs two main things: (i)- physical treatment, so that the patient can live without drugs (ii)- mental treatment, because the patient first feels lonely, so he needs good doctors to handle those situations. (c)- bringing good medicines
5- Requests health sectors (hospitals, dispensaries…) for encouragement of curing the addicts by:(a)- organizing with the commercial parts on making some that encourages addicts by: (i)- showing that there is no harm after addicts get cured (ii)- making it clear that no one will make fun of addicts or treat cured addicts less than others
6- Calls upon cooperation of every country: (a)- by giving donations for the UNDCP or any other program that will decrease drug abuse (b)- encouraging planting other things like bananas, coffee… etc to avoid planting drugs (c)- coordinating in watching the "small" traffickers until they lead to the "big heads" of trafficking by: when knowing that a car or boat, when it crosses the boarder, has drugs, then the officers wait until they go to the "big heads", whether the car goes to another country or stays in the country.
7- Notes that decreasing the drug abuse problem will decrease many problems like: (a)- money problems (e.g. money laundering) (b)- crimes (because addicts make crimes to get money, drugs…) (c)- diseases and epidemics (AIDS)
8- Further resolves the programs of "catching" drug before they come inside the country, by making inspection programs: (a)- giving donations to countries who always have drugs that come into it so that it could: (a)- catch more drugs and frighten the traffickers using dogs (b)- use other techniques to catch the traffickers, like in clause 6 (c) and other techniques with coordinating with the customhouse
9- Expresses its hope in citizens’ help by: (a)- giving information on traffickers (b)- advising (c)- not being rude to addicts who are trying to be cured, or were cured.
10- Further requests that reduction programs should cover all areas of prevention, from discouraging drug abuse to reducing the negative health and social consequences of drug abuse.
11- Encourages rich countries to help the poor and developing countries in: (a)- giving them at least 1% of their money to make: programs of health to cure people from drugs (b)- programs to stop the drugs to come into countries by air, sea, and land
Ladies and gentleman, honorable delegates, and chairman, good morning/ afternoon. St. Lucia is proud to be here to discuss the most dangerous problems that face our world today.
From the paradise, where the soft sand, and in front of it the clean blue beach, and the palm trees. From the paradise, where there are bananas every where and the banana trees above them. From the paradise, where all the tourist come to watch the remarkable scenes, and enjoy their staying with the friendly, peaceful people. From St. Lucia, where it had, and still has been a peaceful country. But unfortunately, now there is a problem that is in St. Lucia, that the paradise is suffering from, and wants to decrease it fast. It’s the drug abuse problem.
St. Lucia thinks that the drug abuse problem is a very big and dangerous problem. St. Lucia wants to solve this problem fast, because the more the time passes, the more and more people are going into the "bloody" world of drugs, and especially youth. St. Lucia asks for more coordination in facing the problem like customs agreements on catching the traffickers and illicit drugs. St. Lucia also wants more programs to decrease the spread of illicit drugs like education, commercial, and health programs. And that happens basically if every country helped the other, so that people can live in a safer world. St. Lucia tries to point out that it considers this a very big problem, and wants to solve it in many different ways.