Country: Vietnam


Event: Mini-MUN 2000

Student: Maryem al Hamad

 

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The Vietnamese National Anthem



Viet Nam (March to the Front)

Original French Words:

Soldats vietnamiens, nous allons de l'avant,
Mus par une même volonté sauver la patrie.
Nos pas redoublés sonnent sur la route longue et rude.
Notre drapeau, rouge du sang de la victoire,
porte l'âme de la nation.

Le lointain grondement des canons rythme
les accents de notre marche.
Le chemin de la gloire
se pave de cadavres ennemis.

Triomphant des difficultés, ensemble,
nous édifions nos bases de résistance.
Jurons de lutter sans rêpit
pour la cause du peuple.
Courons vers le champ de bataille!

En avant! Tous ensemble, en avant!
Notre patrie vietnamienne est solide et durable.

Soldats vietnamiens, l'etoile d'or au vent
Conduisant notre peuple et notre patrie
hors de la misère et des souffrances.
Unissons nos efforts dans la lutte
pour l'édification de la vie nouvelle.
Debout! d'un même élan, rompons nos fers!

Depuis si longtemps,
nous avons contenu notre haine!
Soyons prêts à tous les sacrifices
et notre vie sera radieuse.
Jurons de lutter sans rêpit
pour la cause du peuple.
Courons vers le champ de bataille!

En avant! Tous ensemble, en avant!
Notre patrie vietnamienne est solide et durable.

English*:

Soldiers of Vietnam, we go forward,
With the one will to save our Fatherland,
Our hurried steps are sounding
on the long and arduous road.

Our flag, red with the blood of victory,
bears the spirit of our country.
The distant rumbling of the guns
mingles with our marching song.
The path to glory passes
over the bodies of our foes.

Overcoming all hardships,
together we build our resistance bases.
Ceaselessly for the people's cause
let us struggle,
Let us hasten to the battlefield!
Forward! All together advancing!

Our Vietnam is strong, eternal.
Soldiers of Vietnam, we go forward!

The gold star of our flag in the wind
Leading our people, our native land,
out of misery and suffering.

Let us join our efforts in the fight
for the building of a new life.
Let us stand up and break our chains.
For too long have we swallowed our hatred.

Let us keep ready for all sacrifices
and our life will be radiant.
Ceaselessly for the people's cause
let us struggle,
Let us hasten to the battlefield!
Forward! All together advancing!
Our Vietnam is strong, eternal.

*Refer back to this particularly martial anthem a couple of times as you review these web pages.

Vietnam

 

Country Profile


Political System:

Vietnams leaders call the country a republic and a dictatorship of the working class. Vietnam is headed by a Politburo of about 15 members. The politburo is the most powerful governmental unit in Vietnam. It makes all the government's policies. Vietnam has a 496-member National Assembly. The Assembly meets twice a year to endorse laws and policies made by the Communist Party. Vietnam is divided into 36 provinces, three cities independent of provinces and one special zone. The cities are Haiphong, Hanoi, and Ho Chi Minh City. Local government officials must follow Communist Party policies. The Communist Party chooses and the people elect the officials of the lower level of local government. These officials elect the members of the higher levels of local government. The Communist Party controls the court system of Vietnam. The system includes the People's Supreme Court, local people's courts, and military courts. Vietnam also has one of the world largest armed forces. The entire force is called the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN). It consists of an army of about 1,100,000 members.

Natural Resources:

Vietnams imports include petroleum products such as gasoline and lubricant oil, medicines, machinery, military supplies, vehicles, and food. Its major exports are coal, peanuts, rice, rubber, tea, and handcrafted bamboo and rattan products. Hong Kong , Japan, and Singapore are Vietnam's chief trading partners.

Cultural Factors:

The Communist leaders of Vietnam discourage all religious practices. Most of the Vietnamese people who practice religion are Buddhists. Many of them also worship the spirits of animals and plants and believe in the teachings of Confucianism and Taoism. About 10 percent of the Southern Vietnamese are Roman Catholics. Two small religious groups, The Hoa Hao and The Cao Dai, have developed since 1920 in the South. Hoa Hao is closely related to Buddhism. Cao Dai combines certain beliefs of Taoism and Buddhism with those of several other religions.

Defense:

Vietnam has one of the world’s largest armed forces. The entire force is called the Peoples Army of Vietnam (PAVN). It is consisted of an army of about 1,100,000 members, a small navy, air forces, and paramilitary forces such as Militia and border defense forces. About 2 million people serve in the paramilitary forces.

Geography:

Vietnam is a tropical country in Southeast Asia. It extends from South from China in a long, narrow S-Curve. Laos and Cambodia lie west of Vietnam, and the South China Sea lies to the East. Hanoi is the Capital of Vietnam, and Ho Chi Minh City is the largest city. Vietnam has a tropical climate. Seasonal winds affect the weather throughout the year. The summer winds bring heavy rains from the Southwest. The winter wind brings lighter rainfalls from the southwest. Most of Vietnam has two seasons, a wet hot summer and a drier, slightly cooler winter. However, some areas of northernmost Vietnam have fours seasons, although they are a lot similar.

Economy:

The economy of Vietnam depends on agriculture. About 70 percent of the workers are farmers. Agricultural goods, especially rice, are the county's chief products. Vietnam has a socialist economy, in which the government owns most means of production. In the late 1980's, however, the government began an economic restructuring that encouraged some forms of private enterprise and competition. In other words, Vietnam changed the way their economy was working to a way in which the private enterprise can participate in the economic development of Vietnam.

Northern Vietnam has most of the country's natural resources. Anthracite (hard coal) is the chief mineral resource, and the north has almost all the anthracite fields. Vietnam also minds chromium, clays, petroleum, phosphates, salts, and tin. Forests cover one third of Vietnam. Forest products include Bamboo, cinnamon, quinine, and timber.

History:

In ancient times, the Vietnamese used to live in what is called northern Vietnam now. About 200 B.C., the Chinese general Zhao Tuo united the area and parts of southeastern China into an independent kingdom called Nam Viet. The kingdom extended almost as far south as the present city of Hue. In 111 BC, China conquered Nam Viet and renamed it to Jiao Zhi. In AD 679, the Chinese changed the name to Annam, meaning Pacified South.

In 939, the Chinese left Annam, and the Vietnamese established an independent state. A Vietnamese ruler named the kingdom Dai Co Viet (Great Viet State). But for hundreds of years, the name Annam was used as well. The country remained independent for over 900 years, except for a 20-year period of Chinese control in the early 1400's. During those 900 years, the Vietnamese built a small empire.

In April 1954, representatives of the DRV, the state of a Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, France, China, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States met in Geneva, Switzerland to arrange a peace settlement for Vietnam. The fighting in Vietnam and France's claim to the area ended in May 1954, when the Vietnamese defeated the French in the battle of Dien Bein Phu. The representatives at the Geneva Conference then decided to divide Vietnam temporarily into two parts, North Vietnam and South Vietnam. The conference also called in 1956 to unite Vietnam under one government.

Ho Chi Minh became president of North Vietnam. Bao Dai was head of South Vietnam. In 1955, the people of South Vietnam chose Ngo Dinh Diem as their leader. Diem then established the Republic of Vietnam with himself as president. He refused to go along with the elections planned for 1956, claiming the Communists would not permit fair elections. Vietnam remained divided.

View on World Problems:

Vietnam feels that it is capable of being part of the big world. Vietnam attempts to keep peace in its country and with neighboring countries. It feels it should not interfere with other countries in a bad way. Its view on other countries is reasonable, for Vietnam thinks the world is stable and in a secure condition.

 

 

 

 

Policy StatementS

Delegation: Vietnam

Committee: ECOSOC

Delegate: Maryam al Hamad

The issue of external debt crisis:

Vietnam strongly believes that the rich countries should loan money to other poor countries. We see it necessary to give the poor countries a chance to improve their country without other countries interfering. Vietnam believes also, that when a rich country loans money to another country, it shouldn’t take back the money they owe them. Vietnam also understands that it is important to cancel interests on another country for it is an excellent idea to keep in mind. Vietnam considers it true that a country is responsible for any debt crisis in the its society and that no one should interfere with it. A country is in charge of what goes on in its own society. When a country loans money or other products to another country, then the problem is between them only, no other country should intercede.

The issue of the review and implementation of the UN program on AIDS:

AIDS, or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is a condition caused by a virus transmitted in to a human, which causes severe loss in his body. Vietnam suffers a lot from AIDS problems. In Vietnam, there are 88,000 people living with AIDS as of 1997. Vietnam has developed new herbs for AIDS treatment as it has done before. Vietnam determines that it is meaningful to stop AIDS from increasing around the world. Vietnam realizes that reducing the amount of AIDS in the world will actually be beneficial to all countries and their societies. Vietnam has no doubt that other third world countries or poor countries should be aware of the consequences regarding AIDS virus. Furthermore, Vietnam asks the United Nations to concentrate on having more awareness concerning the spread of AIDS.

The issue of the international cooperation in drug abuse control and rehabilitation programs:

Vietnam is alarmed about the drug crisis going on. We see it as necessary to execute all drug dealers and punish drug addicts. Recently, Vietnam executed seven drug dealers by a shooting squad. Before being executed, they are tied up to wooden stakes blind folded and then shot by a shooting squad. Vietnamese people are suffering from drug abuse especially after the war, since it has increased rapidly during that time. We have used illicit drugs and psychoactive drugs such as alcohol, caffeine, tabacco, performance-enhancing substances and others. We are suffering from these crises and stand against them. Therefor, we ask the UN to spread the awareness of drug abuse worldwide and immediately take place in solving this problem.

 

Resolution

FORUM: ECOSOC

Delegation: Vietnam

Question of: The issue of the international cooperation in drug abuse control and rehabilitation problems.

Defining Drugs as a chemical or other substance that alters the function of an organism,

Believing that drug abuse should be aware by all countries worldwide and should find a cure to solve such problems caused in a society from drugs,

Listing that all countries around the world practically have drug problems and they have the right to be able to work with other countries to solve these problems and create a better self-sufficient society,

Fully alarmed about the problems that may occur in a country that would destroy a society because of drugs, however, that is not a reason to stop countries from being alarmed about the danger of drugs and how harmful they can be,

Welcoming the idea of showing countries the harms of drugs and how bad they can be and to tolerate the amount of drugs being used around the world,

Reaffirming that drugs may cause havoc in all countries and would damage a society if and only if countries were not alarmed by the disaster drugs can cause,

Expecting all countries to pay attention to all problems that may occur because of drugs and try to solve them in a way that would not harm any other country and would keep a countries society peaceful and harmless,

Calls upon other countries including the IMF to help countries that have drug crisis to have solutions to their problems,

1. Draws the attention to the importance of drug awareness in all countries, rich or poor, and the need to keep all countries stabilized having a peaceful society.

2-Regrets the misuse of drugs around the world and encourages the UN to aware all countries about the harm drugs can cause.

3-. Strongly condemns that many countries have drugs spread rapidly and their societies are weak with no self defense and stability

4-Congratulates any country that has survived drugs spread around and wants all other countries with drug conflicts to look up to these countries and see how they can help.

5-Encourages rich, powerful and stabilized countries to give poor countries with drug abuse and weak societies a hand in how to solve their problems and decrease them.

6-Further reminds all countries to help and encourage eachother by showing how drugs can be stopped and show a decrease in the amount of drug abuse rapidly.

7-Further resolves that drugs is a serious disease that may harm many nations which is why Vietnam requests that the UN should remind all countries with drug abuse how important it is that we stop it from spreading.

 

Opening Speech Vietnam

Ladies and Gentlemen, fellow delegates, and secretary-general, good afternoon. The U.S. is very honored to be here to today. The U.S. would like to welcome all delegates from worldwide countries that have joined us this day to help in achieving peace and a world free of drugs, aids and debt crises.

Vietnam would like to take this opportunity to confront the world countries of the drug crisis around the world. Countries around the world are suffering from drug addicts and drug dealers. This situation is very disturbing for it makes all countries weak and their societies and citizens weaker. That is one reason that the Vietnam would like to take this great opportunity to remind all nations how harmful drugs are. And to the countries that are considering other ideas, think about what’s better for the world and world peace.

Negotiating is the modern way to come to terms with our differences and that is why we are here today, to discuss our differences. Vietnam is concerned about the drug crisis going on around us today.

In conclusion, world peace is everybody’s concern and we should all work together to try to achieve this ultimate goal. Thank you.

 

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