St. Kitts and Nevis

Event: THIMUN 2000

The Federation of
St. Kitts and Nevis

Links to other sites on the Web:
Back to the 1999-2000 Team page
Back to the Briefing Book Library
Back to Teams
Back to Fruit Home

Students Leaders:

Mohammad Fakhraldeen, Ambassador
Nabil al Khaled, Vice-Ambassador
Mustafa Malaki, Second Vice-Ambassador

Students by Preparation Assignment:

GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Sub-Commission One, Disarmament and Security: Nabil al Khaled
Sub-Commission Two, Economic and Social: Mustafa Malaki
Sub-Commission Three, Social and Humanitarian: Adel al Omar
Sub-Commission Four, Political and Decolonization: Mohammad Fakraldeen
Sub-Commission Five, Shadi al Suwayeh*

HUMAN RIGHTS
Sub-Commission One, Reem Behbehani*
Sub-Commission Two, Najwa al Bishir

DISARMAMENT
Sub-Commission One, Fay al Tukhaim
Sub-Commission Two, Saad al Ghawas*

ENVIRONMENT
Sub-Commission One, Shahd Dashti,* Shadi al Suwayeh**
Sub-Commission Two, Faisal al Shatti*
Sub-Commission Three, Huda al Mousa*

* indicates prepared but did not attend ** Shadi prepared for Sub-Commission Five, but filled in Environment Sub-Commission One as needed




Specific Links to Valuable St. Kitts and Nevis Sites:
The Interactive Encyclopedia on St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Kitts and Nevis' Official Governmental Site
Caribnet on St. Kitts and Nevis
Caricom (Regional Organization) on St. Kitts and Nevis
The CIA World Factbook on St. Kitts and Nevis


The St. Kitts and Nevis National Anthem


O Land of Beauty!
Our country where peace abounds,
Thy children stand free
On the strength of will and love.
With God in all our struggles,

Saint Kitts and Nevis be
A Nation bound together
With a common destiny.
As stalwarts we stand,

For justice and liberty,
With wisdom and truth
We will serve and honour thee.
No sword nor spear can conquer,

For God will sure defend.
His blessings shall for ever
To posterity extend.



The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis



Political Structure

St. Kitts and Nevis is a constitutional federation with the British monarch represented by a governor general as a head of state, and a prime minister as head of government and cabinet of ministers. Nevis has a deputy governor-general. The constitution also accords Nevis the right of secession from St. Kitts if a bill to that affect is approved by two-thirds of the elected legislators and endorsed by two-thirds of the voters in a national referendum. St. Kitts has a premier and deputy premier in the cabinet.

Constitutional changes require the approval of a two-thirds majority of elected representatives, while certain other entrenched provisions must receive approval of two-thirds of the valid notes in a national referendum to be changed.

The Government of St. Kitts and Nevis prioritizes stability in the islands. However, the country is not very stable. In 1997 lawmakers in Nevis authorized a referendum seeking independence from the federation with Saint Kitts. Independence leaders claimed that the government in St. Kitts had ignored t residents on the smaller island of Nevis. Saint Kitts had an infrastructure that included paved roads, a state-of-the-art hospital, and a modern port and international airport that cater to tourists. Nevis had a single dirt road and a small, aging port. Independence supporters also cited cultural differences that had developed between the two islands, expressing particular alarm at the perceived growth in drug smuggling and crime on Saint Kitts. The referendum failed to gain the necessary two-thirds majority for ratification.

Natural Resources

The strategic location and fantastic climate and geography of the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis allow it to have such wonderful, although small in quantity, natural resources summarized in agriculture. Preceding factors made agriculture the principal economic activity. Throughout the country, farming is very important as it is the major source of income of citizens and is about the only job available for people. The main crop or natural resource is sugar. Besides sugar, other crops are found but in less quantity. Molasses, coconuts, fruits, and vegetables cover mainly all the crops produced in this small island. These are the only natural resources in Saint Kitts and Nevis because of its small area, location, and weather which are only suitable for this kind of crop. Other than that the beauty of the wild and landscape could represent another natural resource that attracts tourists from all over the world to enjoy the peaceful calming environment of the island. Tourism also contributes as a major source of income and economy, as these tourists spend much money to have a dreamy night on the beaches of the island. Drugs are not planted in St. Kitts and Nevis, but it is transferred from Colombia and other South American countries through St. Kitts and Nevis, to United States of America and other countries. So St. Kitts and Nevis isn’t a drug producing country, it is in fact only a station for drugs to go on to other nations. Because of the lack of jobs available and only relying on sugar as an income, citizens of St. Kitts and Nevis are mostly poor. This causes people to enter the world of crime to get food and money through stealing and killing. This is why St. Kitts and Nevis have a high rate of crime. In summary, sugar -and other crops- besides lovely climate and tourism are the main natural resources found in the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Cultural Factors

Almost all people of St. Kitts and Nevis are descendants of black Africans. They speak English, which is their official language. About two-thirds of the people live in rural villages which are scattered along the coasts. They work on small farms or sugar plantations. The rest live in urban areas. Both islands have well-developed primary and secondary educational systems. The bulk of the population belongs to the Anglican communion, but six other Protestant denominations and the Roman Catholic Church are also represented.

Defense

A small army was disbanded by the government in 1981. The army's functions were absorbed by the Volunteer Defense Force and a special tactical unit of the police. Joining both the Volunteer Defense Force and the special tactical unit of the police is not easy since the citizen has to have both the ability, and good background and history. Both forces control internal conflicts and spread peace and security within the islands. The islands are highly secured and security in St. Kitts and Nevis is excellent.

As for the external conflicts, St. Kitts and Nevis disbanded its army as stated before because this army cannot defend the nation against any foreign attacks. St. Kitts and Nevis depends highly on Great Britain in order to solve its external conflicts. This is due to the fact that St. Kitts and Nevis is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, in which Great Britain is the leader. In Brief, St. Kitts and Nevis controls internal affairs while other defensive tasks are handled by superpowers, such as France and Great Britain.

Geography

Shaped like an exclamation mark, St. Kitts and Nevis lie in the northern part of the Leeward Islands in the eastern Caribbean, with Saba and St. Eustatius to the southeast. St. Kitts and Nevis are volcanic islands separated by a channel known as the Narrows some 3.2 km. Wide. St. Kitts is roughly oval, some 37 km. long and 176-sq. km. in area.

The islands of St. Kitts and Nevis are traversed by a mountain range, the highest point being Mount Misery. The area of the country is about 267 sq. km (102-sq. mi.). The climate is tropical; the average annual temperature is 26.7o C (80o F). Since it's located in the Caribbean Sea, its tropical weather is moderate. St. Kitts is hot in the summer, while it's cold in the winter with slight winds and rain.

Views on World Problems

St. Kitts and Nevis is a member of the United Nations (UN), and the Commonwealth of Nations.

In general, St. Kitts and Nevis is mostly, as a loyal and faithful colony, a follower of Great Britain, for St. Kitts and Nevis has been protected and supported by Great Britain since it became a colony of Great Britain. St. Kitts and Nevis has also been supported by and has benefited from many organizations, including the World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the International Labor Organization (ILO), and others.

St. Kitts and Nevis calls for actions to minimize political and economic instability and to eradicate social violence. It also recognizes the importance of protecting and preserving the environment and also to provide support against the effects of natural disasters. St. Kitts and Nevis emphasizes on the need to stop the ever-increasing occurrence of international and national ethnic and racial conflicts and differences. St. Kitts and Nevis does not expect any charity, and does not want to be fed. St. Kitts and Nevis wants genuine partnership, for it appeals for genuine partnerships between developed worlds and developing worlds. It also wants opportunities and chances, and it wants an environment where ALL world countries can prosper.

Economy

St. Kitts and Nevis is in search of methods to improve its economy. Mainly, the government of St. Kitts and Nevis aims to reduce dependence on sugar and other imports (most countries in the Caribbean depend on sugar as an important sector of economy), and attempts to diversify its economy by manufacturing, tourism, and non-sugar agriculture. The government of St. Kitts and Nevis also tries to develop financial services and private sectors, as well as encouraging foreign investment and trade in all areas. St. Kitts and Nevis wants to compete with other countries in economy, for it has set different strategies to develop its financial system. Incidentally and proudly, St. Kitts and Nevis has the largest electronic assembly industry in the Eastern Caribbean. The government also emphasizes on the liof procedures and regulations.

Tourists from all over the world now visit St. Kitts and Nevis, especially because of its beautiful beaches and warm weather. According to the latest sources, 214,415 tourists have visited St. Kitts, 123,148 of which were cruise ship passengers. The total amount of tourist expenditures is about US $67.7 million, which is quite acceptable. The average tourist dollar spent is about US $397. Most tourists are from the US, UK, Canada, and other Caribbean states. Citizens of the US, UK, Canada, Western Europe, and of Commonwealth countries are not required visas. This is a clear sign of strong relations between St. Kitts and Nevis and these countries, as well as the mutual trust.

In spite of all the efforts it made and makes to improve its economy, St. Kitts and Nevis hasn’t achieved its primary goals yet. In 1995, the real GDP was $64.06 million, with a growth of 3.4% than the previous year, and with $1.53 million GDP per capita. As for its debts, the total external debt in 1995 was $52.39 million of which $6.7 million was paid. The inflation rate was about $2.57 million. As for imports and exports, the government of St. Kitts and Nevis exports sugar, beer, lobsters, electrical equipment, and margarine to the UK, US, and to CARICOM. Its exports have been estimated to have a profit of $26.3 million, 4 times less than its imports, which were about $108.17 million. It imports food, manufactured goods, machinery and transportation equipment, mineral fuels, and lubricants from the UK, US, Japan, and CARICOM. St. Kitts and Nevis is a beneficiary of the Caribbean Basin Initiative, CARIBCAN, and Lome agreements, which qualifies it to trade with the US, Canada, and the EU. Also, it is a member of the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT), and the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 1995.

History

St. Kitts and Nevis are part of the Leeward Islands group lying southeast of Puerto Rico and north of the Windward Islands. Amerindians originally settled them when Christopher Columbus made his discovery in 1493. St. Kitts was believed to be named after the patron saint of travelers. Nevis was given the name Los Nieves, meaning the snows, because of its cloud-covered peak. St. Kitts was the first of the British West Indies, along with Nevis, to be settled by Europeans in 1623. It was fought over by the English and French before being ceded to Britain in 1783. St. Kitts and Nevis, and other neighboring islands, formed a single British colony, and also attained separate unity throughout its history from time to time. It then became part of the West Indies Federation in 1958-61. St. Kitts became an associated state of the United Kingdom in 1967, along with Nevis, and by 1983 it attained its independence.

· 1983 – St. Kitts and Nevis becomes an independent Federal state.

· 1984 – St. Kitts and Nevis becomes a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and of the Organization of American States (OAS). In the House of Assembly elections, the ruling PAM-NRP coalition is returned to power with a decisive majority.

· 1989 – The ruling coalition returns to power after having lost one seat in the House of Assembly elections. Kennedy Simmons re-elected Prime Minister; Hurricane Hugo hits.

· 1990 – The economy of St. Kitts and Nevis continues to recover from the damage caused by Hugo.

The Hague International Model United Nations

XXXII Annual Session 2000

Issues on the Agenda

General Assembly (GA)

 

1st Committee (Disarmament and International Security)

Nabil Al-Khaled

1. The situation in Central America: procedures for the establishment of a firm and lasting peace and progress in fashioning a region of peace, freedom, democracy and development

2. The situation in the former Yugoslavia and its implications for international peace and security

3. The situation in Kashmir

2nd Committee (Economic and financial)

Mustafa Malaki

1. Necessity of ending the economic, commercial and financial embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba

2. Causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa

3. Global negotiations on international, economic and financial, cooperation for development

3rd Committee (Social, humanitarian and cultural)

Adel Al-Amar

1. Participation of volunteers, "White Helmets", in activities of the United Nations in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation and technical cooperation for development

2. Return or restitution of cultural property to the countries of origin

3. Emergency international assistance for peace, normalcy and reconstruction of war-stricken Afghanistan

4th Committee (Special Political and Decolonization)

Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

1. Economic and other activities which affect the interests of the peoples of Non-Self-Governing territories and full implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to colonial Countries and Peoples

2. The question of Cyprus

3. The question of East Timor

5th Committee (Administration and Budgetary)

Shadi Al-Suwayeh

1. Equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council

2. Review of the use of voluntary funds administered by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees

3. Improving the financial situation of the United Nations

6th Committee (Legal) CANCELLED

1. Review of the progress being made by the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons

2. Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991

3. Implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

4. Implementation of the resolutions of the United Nations

 

Human Rights Commission (HRC)

Sub-commission 1

Reem Behbehani

1. Review of the work of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

2. Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, including elimination of the trafficking in women and girls

3. Elimination of racism and racial discrimination

Sub-commission 2

Najwa Al-Bisher

1. The human rights and welfare of indigenous peoples

2. The human rights and welfare of migrant workers

3. The human rights and welfare of asylum seekers

Sub-commission 3 CANCELLED

1. The right of peoples to self-determination

2. Permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people in the occupied Palestinian territory, including Jerusalem, and of the Arab population in the occupied Syrian Golan over their natural resources

3. Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people and other Arabs of the Occupied Territories

 

Disarmament Commission (DC)

Sub-commission 1

Fay Al-Tukhaim

1. Implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction including a review of the work of the Organisation for the

2. Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

3. Prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of other weapons of mass destruction, including bacteriological, biological and toxin weapons

4. Prohibition of the production, stockpiling, sale and use of all forms of anti-personnel landmine and measures to expedite and improve landmine clearance

Sub-commission 2

Saad Al-Ghawas

1. Non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and the establishment of Nuclear Weapon Free Zones

2. Follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, including effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon states against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons

3. Conventional arms control, including measures to curb the illicit traffic in small arms

Sub-commission 3 CANCELLED

1. Transparency in armaments and military expenditures and the reduction of military budgets

2. Compliance with arms limitation and disarmament obligations, including verification in all its aspects and the role of the United Nations in the field of verification

3. Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security

4. The relationship between disarmament and development

 

Environment Commission (EC)

Sub-commission 1

Shahad Dash

1. Strengthening of international cooperation and cooperation to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster

2. Research and development of new and renewable sources of energy

3. International cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space

4. Prohibition of the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes

Sub-commission 2

Faisal Al-Shatti

1. Question of Antarctica

2. Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks

3. Protection of endangered species of flora and fauna, including implementation of the Convention on

4. Biological Diversity

Sub-commission 3

Huda Al-Mousa

1. Implementation of the outcome of the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States

2. Control of the research, development and production of genetically modified foods

3. Protection of the global climate for present and future generations of mankind

Country Profile Assignments

· Political Structure

- Nabil Al-Khaled

· Natural Resources

- Faisal Al-Shatti

· Cultural Factors

- Shahad Dashti

- Reem Behbehani

· Geography

- Najwa Al-Bisher

- Fay Al-Tukhaim

· Defense

- Adel Al-Amar

· Economy

- Mustafa Malaki

- Shadi Al-Suwayeh

· Views on World Problems

- Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

· History

- Huda Al-Mousa

- Saad Al-Ghawas

Policy Statements

General Assembly

First Committee: Disarmament and International Security

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: First Committee, Disarmament and International Security

Delegate: Nabil Al-Khaled

ISSUE #1: The Situation in Central America: Procedures for the Establishment of a Firm and Lasting Peace and Progress in Fashioning a Region of Peace, Freedom, Democracy and Development

The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis always strives towards prosperity and development. The ongoing problems in Central America have not ceased, and have proved to be negatively affecting surrounding regions also. The region has had a history of wars, natural disasters, and instability. On the other hand, Central America also has the famous remains of old-age civilizations, such as the Aztecs and the Mayans, which cannot be preserved unless peace is achieved. Therefore, St. Kitts and Nevis urges the nations of Central America to hold consistent bilateral talks, where economic, political, and cultural development are discussed.

An example problem in Central America is illegal emigration and immigration. People from poverty-stricken Nicaragua and Panama are illegally emigrating to neighboring Costa Rica. Costa Rica, although the richest country in Central America, has no armed forces. Therefore, it cannot defend itself against these nations if disagreements rise because of this issue. It is problems like these that lower the pace of development in Central America.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: First Committee, Disarmament and International Security

Delegate: Nabil Al-Khaled

ISSUE #2: The Situation in the Former Yugoslavia and its Implications for International Peace and Security

During the past decade, pandemonium forced Yugoslavia into separation. Not five years ago, Bosnia-Herzegovina was plagued in war with Yugoslavia. In 1999, Kosovo was ethnically cleansed. The central problem of these issues tends to be Yugoslav dictator Slobadan Milosevic. Milosevic has been responsible for the political problems in the former Yugoslavia. St. Kitts and Nevis believes that all those responsible for war crimes in the former Yugoslavia should be vigorously prosecuted in the International Court of Justice (ICJ). St. Kitts and Nevis asks the international community for their unequivocal condemnation of the Yugoslav Government.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: First Committee, Disarmament and International Security

Delegate: Nabil Al-Khaled

ISSUE #3: The Situation in Kashmir

The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis believes that the nuclear arms race in South Asia is reaching the breaking point. St. Kitts and Nevis suggests that the UN should consider sanctions on India and Pakistan. This is because recent figures show that India and Pakistan have spent over $4 billion on nuclear development and tests. The arms race is posing a threat to the whole South Asian region as negotiations over Kashmir are not developing very well. The United Nations should encourage the two nations to engage in successful negotiations. The UN needs to take action in this problem before it’s too late, and it seems that that time is not very far into the future.

Second Committee: Economic and Financial

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Second Committee, Economic and Financial

Delegate: Mustafa Malaki

ISSUE #1: Necessity of Ending Economic, Commercial, and Financial Embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba

The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis is totally against all forms of sanctions and embargoes imposed on Cuba by the United States of America. St. Kitts believes that it is very necessary to cancel all embargoes, in order to prevent the Cuban population from poverty and deprivation. Cuba has suffered from the increase of diseases amongst the people as a result of the US embargo. St. Kitts and Nevis wishes to maintain good relations with both the US and Cuba, but it believes that the US can use other ways in dealing with Cuba other than its usual act of imposing sanctions and embargoes. According to Prime Minister Dr. Douglas, "The St. Kitts-Nevis Labor Party endorsed the decision of the Kennedy Simmond’s government to have diplomatic relations with Cuba. Since then, my Government has tried to strengthen this relationship."

St. Kitts believes that Cuba’s location in the Caribbean, its closeness to the US, and the US embargoes imposed on it might cause instability and a form of threat to other nations in that area. However, St. Kitts insists on having good relations with the US based on friendship and mutual respect, especially that the US is one of St. Kitts’ most significant trade partners. The US is also one of St. Kitts’ neighbors, and St. Kitts does not want to threaten itself by backing Cuba on all issues. Generally, St. Kitts’ view on this issue is partly neutral since it asks the US to lift all economic, commercial, and financial embargoes on Cuba. Cuba is in vital need of generating its economy and stepping into the trail of development and progression. St. Kitts, as a neighbor of Cuba, wishes that Cuba would comply with all the United Nations requirements, for that might greatly make the US change its policy towards Cuba. "Cuba must open up to the world and the world must open up to Cuba," emphasized the Pope during his visit to Cuba about two years ago. The US and Cuba should ignore the past, and enter new phases of negotiation and prosperous talks. This would be the best solution in St. Kitts’ views

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Second Committee, Economic and Financial

Delegate: Mustafa Malaki

ISSUE #2: Causes of Conflict and the Promotion of Durable Peace and Sustainable Development in Africa.

The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis is partly concerned about the slow development in the continent of Africa. St. Kitts believes that its case is not better, partly because it country suffers from lack of funds to set development programs. St. Kitts believes that the inevitable on-going conflicts in Africa play the role of the largest barrier to development of most nations in Africa. The continent of Africa has been the center of wars and disasters throughout its long history. This has been a result of colonialism and the international occupation of many African countries. Wars cause poverty, ruin reputations, lead to governmental and national instabilities, and destroy peace and security. No country can improve its economy and development if it is engaged in wars, or has bad relations with other countries.

Africa is a place where natural resources are abundant and diverse. Therefore, Africa can develop rapidly if and only if it becomes stable. St. Kitts, as a Caribbean , urges all African nations to negotiate and cooperate with the OAU and other international organizations to maintain peace and security in the continent, and to prevent any other conflicts form emerging, thus allowing countries to take initial steps towards develop and progress.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Second Committee, Economic and Financial

Delegate: Mustafa Malaki

ISSUE #3: Global Negotiations on International, Economic, and Financial Cooperation for Development.

The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis invites and asks all countries to negotiate in order to maintain full cooperation for development. St. Kitts is ready to negotiate with any nation and any organization and cooperate in order to develop. As most Caribbean states do, St. Kitts is suffering yearly from destructive hurricanes that damage its economy and development programs. St. Kitts looks forward to become a developing nation as it knocks the doors of the twenty-first century. St. Kitts’ newly founded country has succeeded, to some point, in cooperating with other countries to encourage development and progression.

The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis kindly asks already developed or industrial nations to provide it with funding and donations in order to help it with its development programs. It also asks the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to provide it with the necessary funds for development. It believes that all third world nations have the right to become developed and rich, despite their political views in the world. It is now the duty of the UNDP and other organizations to aid these nations in their missions in order to make this world a better one where everyone is equal. St. Kitts would also like to congratulate nations such as Kuwait for its generosity in donating money to St. Kitts, and it promises to pay that back in the near future. The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis urges all developing nations to cooperate in order to reach their ambitions and achieve their utmost goals.

Third Committee: Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Third Committee, Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural

Delegate: Adel Al-Amar

ISSUE #1: Participation of volunteers, "White Helmets", in Activities of the United Nations in the Field of Humanitarian Relief, Rehabilitation, and Technical Cooperation for Development

The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis would like to highlight this important issue. The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis is totally with the participation of volunteers, "White Helmets", in activities of the United Nations in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation, and technical cooperation for development. This is since the main aim of the "White Helmets" is to enable the participation of specialized volunteers, organized by different states, in emergency relief operations for populations in situations of dire need. The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis is with the welfare of humans and so is for this issue. The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is totally with the participation of volunteers, "White Helmets", in activities of the United Nations in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation, and technical cooperation for development. This is so especially since the "White Helmets", have shown great efforts and results. "White

Helmets" intervened in Angola (clearing land mines, helping former fighters return to civilian life), the Autonomous Palestinian Territories (town planning and sport programs), Bolivia (fighting Trypanosomiasis), Haiti (food relief and fresh water distribution), Paraguay (community development), and Peru (assisting populations hit by El Nino. An agreement was signed at UNESCO Headquarters, it state that the "White Helmets" will be able to provide, on a case-by-case basis, teams of volunteers at the Organization's request and this is what makes the Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis go for this issue.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Third Committee, Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural

Delegate: Adel Al-Amar

ISSUE #2: Return or Restitution of Cultural Property to the Countries of Origin

The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is totally with the restitution of cultural property to the countries of origin. This is due to the fact that St. Kitts and Nevis is mindful of the imperative need to protect the cultural patrimony, preserving thereby the social, historical and artistic components of this identity and self-understanding, and the restitution of cultural property to the countries of origin. St. Kitts and Nevis is desirous to assist Governments and international organizations in their efforts to curtail the illicit trade with art objects and items belonging to the cultural patrimony. The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis frankly believes in the importance attached by the countries of origin to the return of cultural property, which is of fundamental, spiritual, and cultural value to them, so that they may constitute collections representative of their cultural heritage. The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis would like to reaffirm that the restitution to a country of its objects from arts, monuments, museum pieces, archives, manuscripts, documents, and any other cultural or artistic treasures contributes to the strengthening of international cooperation. It further contributes to the preservation and flowering of universal cultural values through fruitful cooperation between developed and developing countries. St. Kitts and Nevis would like to invite the Member States, which have not yet done so, to sign and ratify the Convention of the illicit trading and thieving of cultural property and that stolen cultural property should be restituted. .

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Third Committee, Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural

Delegate: Adel Al-Amar

ISSUE #3: Emergency International Assistance for Peace, Normalcy, and Reconstruction of War-Stricken Afghanistan

The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis is with the idea of emergency assistance for peace, normalcy, and reconstruction of war-stricken Afghanistan. Afghanistan demands our assistance and we, as UN members should respond to Afghanistan by taking quick action, action that will promote peace and normalcy in Afghanistan. One of the UN’s main goals is to promote peace and help the poor and weak. In this situation, Afghanistan is weak and we should pull Afghanistan up again. International assistance should be rapid and considered by all member nations.

 

Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Fourth Committee, Special Political and Decolonization

Delegate: Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

ISSUE #1: Economic and Other Activities which affect the Interests of the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories and Full Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples

St. Kitts and Nevis believes that economic trades and relationships between developing and independent countries and colonial countries should be given much more attention and consideration than they are given now, (if any). St. Kitts thinks that, by strengthening the economic bonds between independent and non-self-governing countries, both are given the chance to most likely improve their economic and financial statuses. It, naturally, would also be beneficiary to both sides involved in the trading. St. Kitts sees this as a great chance for many world countries to seize, for it would improve the overall commerce of the nations involved.

St. Kitts and Nevis also notes the importance of fully implementing the declaration on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples.
St. Kitts notes this to a certain extent, for there could be colonies that do not want independence, (although most do). In general, St. Kitts applauds all countries that work on reliving the roots of this declaration. For St. Kitts does not see the aftermath of this declaration as being the way it should be. It should lead to all colonialcountries and peoples getting their independence. St. Kitts does not see this taking place. And that is why St. Kitts felt that this vitally important issue should be brought up and discussed.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Fourth Committee, Special Political and Decolonization

Delegate: Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

ISSUE #2: The Question of Cyprus

The previously peaceful island of Cyprus has been plagued with an extremely tough conflict for more than two and a half decades. Since 1974, Turkish ethnic groups in the North region of Cyprus and Greek ethnic groups in the South region of Cyprus have been fighting over Cyprus. This conflict has been gradually growing more and more out of hand. St. Kitts and Nevis thinks that this has gone for much too long a period of time. The main problem is that the people who are in the deepest holes are the poor Cypriots themselves, even though, in most cases, they are not the ones that dug the holes, the Turks and the Greeks took care of that for them.

St. Kitts and Nevis believes that there should be no segregation between the ethnic Greek and Turkish Cypriots. It believes that ethnic Greeks in Cyprus should be given the choice of either becoming Cypriots or Greeks, and the same goes for ethnic Turks. St. Kitts and Nevis sees this as being the perfect way to resolving this ever-continuing conflict. For the ethnic Greeks take control of Southern Cyprus, which is recognized worldwide, whereas the ethnic Turks take control of some cities in the Northern region of Cyprus, and are recognizing these cities as the formal governments of Cyprus. This is the root of this issue. That is why St. Kitts and Nevis feels that the best solution to this problem that pertains to everyone’s interests, and does not violate any international laws whatsoever, is to unite all Cypriots and disregard their roots. And also to form one united government for Cyprus that would be recognized worldwide by all world countries, including Turkey.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Fourth Committee, Special Political and Decolonization

Delegate: Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

ISSUE #3: The Question of East Timor

East Timor has been aiming at a peaceful independence with nothing in its way; that is, until Indonesia decided to interfere. There has been a lot of chaotic destruction in East Timor due to the interference of Indonesian anti-independence troops. They were burning down huts and houses in different regions of East Timor, leaving people homeless. They were also causing havoc and devastation all over East Timor, especially in the cities surrounding the capital city of Dili. This was due to the presence of Australian-led UN forces in Dili. This conflict was gradually growing more and more out of hand, verifying the dire need for the presence and implementation of UN troops and the UN in general on the situation. But thanks to the willingness of Indonesia to compromise, a solution has been achieved. St. Kitts is happy to have heard that East Timor was given its independence. For St. Kitts wishes to promote further peace in the region of East Timor.

The issue that St. Kitts is mainly concerned about in this matter is the mistreatment of refugees that fled East Timor to West Timor; they are being abused on their journey back from West Timor back to East Timor. St. Kitts would like to call the attention of the member nations to this direly vital issue. For in here, the issue that should be dealt with is the violations of human rights. The human rights of people should not be adjusted to pertain to someone’s or to a group’s likes. Every person on this planet should get equal human rights to every other person. That is the main issue that St. Kitts believes needs to be highlighted in the question of East Timor.

Fifth Committee: Administration and Budgetary

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Fifth Committee, Administration and Budgetary

Delegate: Shadi Al-Suwayeh

ISSUE #1: Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council

The UN should increase the places of the Security Council so countries will be able to have a place in the Security Council much more often. Also every country represented in the UN should have a turn to be in the Security Council. Another point that St. Kitts and Nevis would like to point out is that all members in the SC should have the same power. Either they should all have the VETO power or not. ST Kitts and Nevis would like to point out that it believes that no SC members should have any VETO power. The reason is that if the UN is a fare organization and gives every member the VETO power, resolutions will hardly pass, if any.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Fifth Committee, Administration and Budgetary

Delegate: Shadi Al-Suwayeh

ISSUE #2: Review of the Use of Voluntary Funds Administrated by the UNHCR

St Kitts and Nevis would like to proudly congratulate the UNHCR for its kind efforts in using the funds to improve the refugee situations. For many years this committee of the UN has taken role in solving refugee problems. That is why St. Kitts congratulates them; but, because of the people that treat refugees badly and take away their rights, it is harder for the UNHCR to solve refugee situations.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Fifth Committee, Administration and Budgetary

Delegate: Shadi Al-Suwayeh

ISSUE #3: Improving the Financial Situation of the UN.

Nowadays, the UN is facing financial difficulties because of the problems in the world. What St. Kitts and Nevis proposes is that the UN should take loans from the World Bank and, with these loans, they should help the poor countries. So then these poor countries develop and help the UN financially better then they did before they were developed. Like the UK, France, and the US are doing.

Human Rights Commission (HRC)

Sub-Commission Two

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Two, Human Rights Committee

Delegate: Najwa Al-Bisher

ISSUE #1: The Human Rights and Welfare of Indigenous People

Nowadays, the rights and welfare of indigenous people are being left behind and ignored. It is clearly a growing problem. The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis strongly believes that the indigenous people should be granted their full rights. Indigenous people are being discriminated, segregated, and ignored all around the world. St. Kitts and Nevis also believes that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights should be respected by all states. St. Kitts strongly urges all countries to treat indigenous people respectively and equally. In addition to that, St. Kitts and Nevis greatly appreciates and supports the Center for World Indigenous Studies for its great efforts in granting the indigenous people their full rights.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Two, Human Rights Committee

Delegate: Najwa Al-Bisher

ISSUE #2: The Human Rights and Welfare of Migrant Workers

Many migrant workers are treated badly and harshly and are being discriminated by local people. In some cases they are even being abused. Many are considered to be from a very lower class. The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis is deeply saddened by this inadmissible situation. St. Kitts would like to remind the people that most of these migrant workers leave their countries, families, children, homes, and friends in order to earn money for a living. At the same time, they are helping local people in several different ways. St. Kitts and Nevis urges all countries, governments and people to grant all migrant workers their rights and the respect they deserve. St. Kitts strongly urges the United Nations to increase its efforts in helping migrant workers live peacefully and safely by providing them their essential needs.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Two, Human Rights Committee

Delegate: Najwa Al-Bisher

ISSUE #3: The Human Rights and Welfare of Asylum Seekers

One of the biggest international problems is the current issue asylum seekers being mistreated or not granted asylum. The numbers of asylum seekers are alarmingly increasing worldwide, averaging approximately 1,743,000 in south and central Asia alone. The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis is deeply concerned by the large amount of disregard and discrimination towards asylum seekers in the international community.

St. Kitts greatly welcomes the efforts of the United Nations to enforce the International Covenant Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESC), which serves as a guideline for human rights internationally, that force people to seek asylum. St. Kitts also congratulates the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on its advances in administering aid to the vulnerable asylum seekers amongst others in need.

Disarmament Commission (DC)

Sub-Commission One

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission One, Disarmament Commission

Delegate: Fay Al-Tukhaim

ISSUE #2: Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

St. Kitts and Nevis is a very peaceful country and is strongly against the use of chemical weapons. St. Kitts sees the world’s definition of nuclear weapons as being: "a chemical instrument used for fighting". Prohibiting chemical weapons is indeed a further forward step in accomplishing world peace. The UN and the International Court of Justice (ICJ) should be stricter and should apply strict laws on the use of chemical weapons in any region. Chemical weapons possess major negative outcomes on developing nations that control them. Chemical weapons also cause financial crises since they require highly expensive material.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission One, Disarmament Commission

Delegate: Fay Al-Tukhaim

ISSUE #3: Prohibition of the Development, Production, and Stockpiling of Other Weapons of Mass Destruction, including Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons

St. Kitts and Nevis is against the development, production, and stockpiling of other weapons of mass destruction, including bacteriological and toxin weapons. St. Kitts sees the world’s definition of weapons of mass destruction as being: "a quantity of instruments used for fighting and destroying". The development, production, and stockpiling of weapons of mass destruction would only cause chaos, terrorism, and war in nations. The development, production, and stockpiling of weapons of mass destruction should come to an end, for it would only lead to international conflicts amongst nations. St. Kitts and Nevis believes that all nations should stop producing and stockpiling weapons of mass destruction in order to accomplish world peace and prevent terrorism.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission One, Disarmament Commission

Delegate: Fay Al-Tukhaim

ISSUE #4: Prohibition of the Production, Stockpiling, Sale, and Use of all Forms of Anti-Personnel Landmines and Measures to Expedite and Improve Landmine Clearance

St. Kitts and Nevis is completely against the use of anti-personnel landmines.

St. Kitts sees the world’s definition of landmines as being: "explosive devices used in wars". St. Kitts and Nevis encourages all nations to take a step forward in stopping the production of all anti-personnel landmines. This would be done by destroying all forms of APL, which are stockpiled, and ending all funds that support the production, stockpiling, sale, and use of all APL. The UN should form a committee, called the United Nations Landmine Detection and Elimination Committee (UNLDEC), which would locate and destroy all landmines in affected areas. This would be carried out by using capable suspended de-mining devices and manual location and extraction would be done by the use of metal detectors and/or prodding tools. The use of landmines would only cause terrorism and endanger the lives of millions of people, including children. St. Kitts and Nevis hopes that all nations will work together to bring the use of anti-personnel landmines to an end.

Sub-Commission Two

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Two, Disarmament Commission

Delegate: Saad Al-Ghawas

ISSUE #1: Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the Establishment of Nuclear-Weapon Free Zones

St. Kitts and Nevis believes that the UN should set up and maintain Nuclear Free-Zones that prevent the use, storage, research, and testing of Nuclear devices. Nuclear devices are extremely destructive and have numerous negative effects on the environment, which directly affects human beings and wildlife. St. Kitts and Nevis is also a firm supporter of Nuclear non-proliferation because by abiding by the rules of nuclear non-proliferation and signing the international nuclear non-proliferation treaty, the world instantly becomes a safer, and cleaner place.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Two, Disarmament Commission

Delegate: Saad Al-Ghawas

ISSUE #2: Follow-up to the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, including Effective International Arrangements to Assure Non-Nuclear-Weapon States

St. Kitts and Nevis agrees with the results of the debate by the ICJ concerning the issue of nuclear non-proliferation and the assurance given to the non-nuclear weapon states such as St. Kitts and Nevis itself. The non-nuclear capable states have been in need of some form of guarantee by the international community and the UN in particular against the threat of nuclear weapons. That guarantee has finally arrived and St. Kitts and Nevis believes that it is a solid arrangement that is effective and efficient.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Two, Disarmament Commission

Delegate: Saad Al-Ghawas

ISSUE #4: Conventional Arms Control, including Measures to Curb the Illicit Traffic in Small Arms

Small arms are considered by St. Kitts and Nevis to be a major factor in crime. The illegal trafficking of small arms constitutes the greatest threat to local peace in many developing nations. St. Kitts and Nevis supports any attempts to curb the illicit trading of small arms that is proposed or implemented by the UN. St. Kitts and Nevis has seen the effects of crime that is, in some cases, a direct result of illegally trafficked small arms due to its numerous neighbors that are currently experiencing the effects of this contraband.

Environment Commission (EC)

Sub-Commission One

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission One, Environment Commission

Delegate: Shahad Dashti

ISSUE #1: Strengthening of International Cooperation to Study, Mitigate, and Minimize the Consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster

Disasters such as the Chernobyl disaster require immediate international cooperation in order to study the situation. Every country specializes in handling an aspect of the disaster to study thoroughly. In the end, all nations could call a conference to share their information, perspectives, theories, facts, and analyses. Via their cooperation, the threats and consequences of an incident such as Chernobyl could be mitigated, minimized, and hopefully prevented.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission One, Environment Commission

Delegate: Shahad Dashti

ISSUE #2: Research and Development of Sea and Renewable Sources of Energy

Throughout history, people have developed sources of energy to do work. The sources of energy have included wind, water, steam engines, electricity, and gasoline engines. The new era of the use of energy began with the application of nuclear energy. Research and development of new and renewable sources of energy are the main steps towards progress and advancement. Moreover, all the nations of the world are constantly putting their efforts into finding the most effective and efficient source of energy to do work. Thus, St. Kitts and Nevis is a strong believer of research and development for new sources of energy.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission One, Environment Commission

Delega: Shahad Dashti

ISSUE #3: International Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space

In the early 1960’s, human beings began to travel in space. On April 16, 1961, a Russian cosmonaut made a single orbit around the earth. In 1963, John H. Glenn became the first American astronaut to orbit the earth; he made three revolutions. These men were followed by an ever-increasing number of astronauts and cosmonauts. When people tried to compare the space accomplishments of the US and Russia to see which country was more advanced, they could not reach an answer because differences in the two space programs made comparisons difficult. The only definite comparison that could be drawn from the nations’ programs is their efforts for development and expansion of the use of outer space. Some of their advancements include the development of space shuttles and the release of communication satellites. With the turn of the century the space race continues and developments enhance. These developments are meant for the benefit and advantage of mankind, and international cooperation is the principal mean for reaching worldwide development. Thus, St. Kitts and Nevis is a strong believer of international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space in order to reach worldwide development.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and NevisCommittee: Sub-Commission One, Environment CommissionDelegate: Shahad DashtiISSUE #4: Prohibition of the Dumping of Radioactive and Toxic Waste

Manufacturing and mining can create wastes that harm the community health and the environment. Even a person’s own home might contain toxic wastes, however, people might not be aware of the dangers that products such as cleaners, paints, and pesticides have on the environment. Thus, people must be educated about the dangers of toxic wastes beginning with their very own houses and then extending to the environment. Moreover, programs that educate people on this issue present the principle method with which a resolution to this serious matter can be determined. Also, waste collection centers that hold responsibility for collecting and disposing hazardous wastes provide the safest manner with which to dispose wastes efficiently and safely. Thus, St. Kitts and Nevis believes that the strict laws that prohibit the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes along with awareness and collection centers provide the most effective means to resolving this issue.

Sub-Commission Two

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Two, Environment Commission

Delegate: Faisal Al-Shatti

ISSUE #1: The Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks

Saint Kitts and Nevis totally agrees with the implementation of the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea relating to the conservation and management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks. Despite its long confusing name, the 1995 United Nations Agreement on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks is the most far reaching treaty ever negotiated to promote the conservation of marine fishes. This groundbreaking treaty, known as the UN Fish Stock Agreement, sets new international standards for the conservation and responsible management of all marine fisheries. The measures in the Agreement will help reverse the crisis in marine fisheries that has pushed important fish populations to the brink of commercial extinction, devastated marine ecosystems, and wrecked traditional fishing communities worldwide.

Saint Kitts and Nevis believe that the UN Fish Stock Agreement must be put into action and strongly supports it. But time is of the essence. Unless governments act now to ratify or accede to the Agreement, the future of many of the world’s most important and valuable fisheries remains at risk. Fish and other seafood have never been in greater demand or more threatened. Everywhere, fish populations are disappearing. Fish are being taken from the sea faster than they can reproduce. Saint Kitts and Nevis is an island surrounded by a habitat of many fish. So this is why it sees the importance of this Agreement in helping marine fish and the whole sea environment. This Agreement will ensure the safety of fish worldwide and also the stability of the environment and food chain. For these reasons, Saint Kitts and Nevis is strongly for the implementation of the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea relating to the conservation and management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Two, Environment Commission

Delegate: Faisal Al-Shatti

ISSUE #2: Protection of Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna, including the Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Saint Kitts and Nevis strongly supports the protection of endangered species of flora and fauna, including the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Biological Diversity means the variability amongst living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems. The Convention on Biological Diversity’s objectives are "the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources." The Convention is thus the first global, comprehensive agreement to address all aspects of biological diversity: genetic resources, species, and ecosystems. It recognizes that the conservation of biological diversity is a common concern of humankind and an integral part of the development process. To achieve its objectives, the Convention promotes a renewed partnership among countries. Its provisions on scientific and technical cooperation, access to genetic resources, and the transfer of environmentally sound technologies form the foundations of this partnership.

The Earth’s biological resources are vital to humanity’s economic and social development. As a result, there is a growing recognition that the biological diversity is a global asset of tremendous value to present and future generations. At the same time, the threat to species and ecosystems has never been so great as it is today. Species extinction caused by human activities continues at an alarming rate. The Convention on Biological Diversity was inspired by the world community’s growing commitment to sustainable development. It represents a dramatic forward step in the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. For the preceding reasons, Saint Kitts and Nevis is with the protection of endangered species of flora and fauna through the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Two, Environment Commission

Delegate: Faisal Al-Shatti

ISSUE #3: Question of Antarctica

Saint Kitts and Nevis strongly supports the Antarctic Treaty. The Antarctic Treaty was signed in Washington D.C. on the first of December, 1959 by 12 countries, among which is the United States of America, France, and United Kingdom, and this treaty came into force on the twenty-third of June, 1961. The spirit of the treaty is to foster the peaceful use of the continent and ensure the preservation of flora, fauna, and natural environment in the interest of mankind. Its salient points are the suspension of territorial claims, the prohibition of all military activities, nuclear experiments, and the use of territory for nuclear waste disposal. Other points include: the freedom of scientific investigation, with the sole exception of having to give notice of expeditions or the setting up of research bases, , finally, international cooperation in scientific activities, with the exchange of information and personnel. All the countries adhering to the treaty have the right of access to the entire continent and to perform peaceful activities throughout the whole Antarctic area without any territorial discrimination. Personnel operating in Antarctica come under the exclusive jurisdiction of the state to which they belong.

From this brief summary about the Antarctic Treaty, it is clear that it is an excellent agreement. Through its articles, the major deal of help it gives to the environment of Antarctica is very clear. Antarctica is a massive continent, with many resources, and a beautiful environment. Countries all over the world must help to keep its environment safe and not harm or destroy it. Any harm that is done to the environment of Antarctica will affect the world as a whole, because the world will suffer as the water level increases and other environmental consequences occur. By signing this Treaty, or working upon its articles, this goal is approached. This is why Saint Kitts and Nevis strongly supports the Antarctic Treaty and will put its efforts into helping the environment of Antarctica safely.

 

Sub-Commission Three

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Three, Environment Commission

Delegate: Huda Al Mousa

ISSUE #1: Implementation of the Outcome of the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States

Amidst the sun, sea, corals and sand that draw hundreds of thousands of tourists to small islands every year, the United Nations Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States met in Bridgetown, Barbados, from the 25th of April, to the 6th of May, 1994. Yet, during the course of the two-week meeting, delegates were constantly reminded that small island developing States (SIDS) are much more than vacation paradises. They also face numerous problems, including poverty, high unemployment, shortages of freshwater, sewage and waste disposal concerns, and the possibility of total annihilation due to climate change induced sea level rise.

The following should be done:

Reviewing current trends in the socio-economic development of small-island developing States (SIDS). Defining a number of specific vulnerabilities of SIDS, and defining a number of specific actions and policies relating to environmental and development planning to be undertaken by these States, with help form the international community. Identifying elements that these States need to include in medium, and long-term sustainable development plans. Recommending measures for enhancing endogenous capacity of these States, and finally reviewing whether further institutional arrangements at the international level enable these States to give effect to the relevant provisions.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Three, Environment Commission

Delegate: Huda Al Mousa

ISSUE #2: Control of the Research, Development and Production of Genetically Modified Foods

If genetic engineering is to be used in agriculture and food production, its implementation should be guided by the same kind of rigorous science and testing that is now used to assess new pharmaceuticals and food additives. Stringent short-term and long-term safety testing and environmental assessments are __essential. The insertion of specific new genes into an organism is an imprecise and uncontrolled process that may influence biological functioning in unprectable ways. There is always the risk that genetically engineered foods may contain unintended allergens and toxins, and may be reduced in nutritional value. Furthermore, genetically engineered crops may disrupt the ecosystem by reducing bio-diversity, damaging soil fertility, inducing the development of new pathogens, pests, and weeds, and increasing the use of toxic and carcinogenic agrochemicals. GM must undergo pre-clinical and, more importantly, clinical trials to assess not only efficacy but also to detect any unexpected, undesirable side effects. It should be required by law for GM food to test with human volunteers for either toxicity or allergic reactions prior to marketing. GM food should be clearly labeled, taken voluntarily, and the effects carefully monitored. None of this currently applies to GM foods.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission Three, Environment Commission

Delegate: Huda Al Mousa

ISSUE #3: Protection of the Global Climate for Present and Future Generations of Mankind

St. Kitts and Nevis works for its children. They are the future. They will carry on its legacy. That is why St. Kitts and Nevis deeply supports the protection of the global climate. What we do today will have an impact on us tomorrow. St. Kitts and Nevis believes that if the international community takes certain steps now, the future will not be Armageddon.

Resolutions

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: First Committee, Disarmament and International Security

Delegate: Nabil Al-Khaled

ISSUE #2: The Situation in the Former Yugoslavia and its Implications for International Peace and Security

Affirming the fact that over 350,000 Kosovar ethnic Albanian citizens fled Kosovo as a result of Serb ethnic cleansing,

Expressing its Appreciation towards the European Union, which has volunteered to shelter 20,000 refugees in Europe,

Recognizing the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) for its efforts in Kosovo,

Fully Alarmed by the Yugoslav Government, who have continuously and repeatedly proved to be discriminative by conducting acts of ethnic cleansing in the southern province of Kosovo,

Expressing its Satisfaction towards Albania and the F.Y.R.O. Macedonia because they have shown true humanitarian spirit towards the Kosovar refugees by offering them temporary shelter, despite the poor financial condition in which these nations are,

Viewing with Appreciation the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, and Canada for supporting the Kosovo Force (K-FOR) and their continued peacekeeping efforts in the region,

Referring to Security Council Resolution number 1244, which Requests the Secretary-General to appoint a Special Representative to control the implementation of the international civil presence and authorizes Member States and relevant international organizations to establish the international security presence in Kosovo,

Further Expressing its Satisfaction towards the United Nations for creating the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), which designates the implementation of a substantial self-government in Kosovo as its main task,

1. Urges the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to ensure that the K-FOR troops and the UNMIK remain in Kosovo until:

a) the Yugoslav Government has completely extracted its military and para-military troops from the province of Kosovo,

b) all Kosovar ethnic Albanians refugees are either back in their original residences or have been adopted by other countries and been granted all necessary requirements, which are defined by the following:

i) food,

ii) temporary and permanent housing,

iii) a safe environment, and what is meant by "safe" is:

- an environment where such people are not discriminated,

- an environment where such people are being granted their basic human rights,

- an environment where such people are being granted their civil rights,

- an environment where such people are in no immediate danger,

iv) citizenship, whenever possible, because the Yugoslav Government has revoked most of the refugees’ citizenship’s,

c) the UNMIK feels that Kosovo possesses substantial autonomy and self-government,

d) all necessary elections for a new government in Kosovo independent than that in Belgrade have taken place,

e) the UNMIK can finally confirm that stability and peace has returned to Kosovo,

2. Congratulates the UNHCR and the UNMIK for their continued efforts in Kosovo,

3. Strongly Condemns the Government of Yugoslavia for conducting acts of ethnic cleansing against the ethnicAlbanians in the southern province of Kosovo, and for forcing NATO to strike Yugoslavia and possibly kill innocent civilians by committing such crimes,

4. Further Resolves that the United Nations Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia must vigorously prosecute all Yugoslav war criminals justly,

5. Further Congratulates the United States, Great Britain, France, Germany, and Canada, who have each taken one of the divided five sectors of Kosovo, for taking responsibility and control of their sector, for maintaining peace and stability in the region, and for conducting all necessary investigations regarding the Serb war criminals,

6. Resolves that the UN must place strong economic sanctions on Yugoslavia unless that Government:

a) agrees to all UNMIK requirements regarding the self-government in Kosovo, including the possibility of independence,

b) respects the autonomy of Kosovo, even after K-FOR troops have left the region,

c) does not politically or militarily harass the Government of Kosovo,

d) terminates all acts of ethnic cleansing and other crimes in all Yugoslav provinces.

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Second Committee, Economic and Financial

Delegate: Mustafa Malaki

ISSUE #1: Necessity of Ending Economic, Commercial, and Financial Embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba

 

Defining an embargo as a restriction by another government on a country to prevent certain resources from being imported and exported,

Reminding that the US embargo was imposed in 1960 when Fidel Castro nationalized the US-owned assets in Cuba, which led to a change in the foreign policy of the US toward this neighbor,

Bearing in Mind that the US had previously helped the oppressive regimes of Mobutu Sese Seko in the former Zaire, the Shah in Iran, and Pinochet of Chile in his 1973 coup which all led to the people losing their freedoms and human rights,

Further Reminding that in 1992 and 1996, the US imposed two more laws stiffening the embargo, which were the Cuban Democracy Act and the Helms-Burton law,

Recalling Pope John Paul II’s request to lift the US embargoes against Cuba, keeping in mind that 11 million Cubans suffer from lack of food, medicine, and medical equipment according to the UN press release GA/9479,

Further Recalling UN resolution 53/4 and resolution 52/10 which both asked the US to lift the embargo, as well as many other resolutions that were submitted in the last six years to end the 38-year-old embargoes,

Deeply Disturbed that the US embargo, according to the Secretary General’s report (document A/54.259) in 1998, has had an extraterritorial effect on the sovereignty of other nations and interfered in their internal affairs or freedom of international trade and navigation,

Deeply Concerned by the poor human rights conditions and the lack of democracy in Cuba, which has been due to both the US embargo and the carelessness of the government of Cuba,

Keeping in Mind that the sanctions against Iraq, Iran, North Korea, and Sudan have not achieved their goal, which is democracy and self-determination, but have resulted in death, poverty and deprivation of human beings in those countries

1. Urges the United States of America to lift economic, commercial, and financial embargo against Cuba by:

a) abiding with past UN resolutions and their contents concerning the issue,

b) passing a law that lifts the embargo through the Congress,

c) canceling the Cuban Democracy Act and the Helms-Burton law,

2. Strongly Urges the government of Cuba, in return to the dropping of the US embargo, to either:

a) Return 25% of the US assets nationalized in 1960 to the US by:

i) returning its equivalent of money,

ii) allowing American companies to start investing immediately, or

iii) allowing the UNHCHR to have complete jurisdiction over the human rights conditions in Cuba and to have the right to punish any violator of human rights after thorough inspection and investigation, and to cooperate fully with this organization,

3. Calls Upon the government of the US to unfreeze all the Cuban assets, since it enjoys a better economy,

4. Demands the government of Cuba to take the necessary steps towards democracy and self-determination, by:

a) allowing the people to express their opinions about the government,

b) giving them the right to request for any reform in the structure of the government,

c) forming an assembly in which all parties are eligible to run and representatives are chosen by people,

5. Further Demands the government of Cuba to provide its people with all facilities and necessities and to take large steps towards development and progress by:

a) providing well-equipped schools and institutes for appropriate education,

b) providing work for the people in any sector,

c) giving more attention and time to the private sector and broadening it across Cuba,

6. Expresses its Appreciation for all countries that have condemned the US embargo against Cuba, and that have made attempts to establish relations with this country such as the European Union, Russia, and China,

7. Further Resolves to establish the United Nations Organization for Global Democracy (UNOGD), which will be in charge of sending a group of officials to Cuba that will:

a) inspect the current status of the government of Cuba,

b) inspect the process of democratizing in Cuba,

c) help the government of Cuba and the people in their way to democracy,

8. Requests the US and other states to invalidate and not apply any embargoes on other countries and any laws that undermine the sovereignty of nations and their freedom of international trade and navigation,

9. Further Requests the governments of Cuba and the US to:

a) restore all properties confiscated from any person in wither countries,

b) compensate for the losses incurred after Castro came into power,

c) grant citizenship to the Cuban exiles in Florida after thorough investigation,

10. Calls Upon the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to send a group of specialists into Cuba for 2 years that will be in charge of:

a) suggesting ways and methods to improve the Cuban economy,

b) facilitating the process of trade between Cuba and other countries,

c) working with the Cuban Ministry for Planning in order to set up development programs and carry them out successfully.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Fourth Committee, Special Political and Decolonization

Delegate: Mohammed Fakhral-Deen

ISSUE #1: Economic and Other Activities which affect the Interests of the Peoples of Non-Self-Governing Territories and Full Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples

Defining: a) a non-self-governing territory as the extent of the land belonging to or under the jurisdiction of another ruler or State,

b) a colonial country as a country that is of a settlement or settlers in new territory, remaining subject to the parent state; and with people of one nationality or occupation living in that particular territory,

Believing that economic trades and relationships between developing and independent countries and colonial countries should receive more attention on behalf of all world countries, organizations, and, most importantly, the United Nations,

Further Recalling the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, and the need to fully implement this Declaration and take actions and procedures with that would ease the road to fulfilling the terms of this declaration,

Realizing that all world countries, regardless of territorial juridical status, should have equal trading and commerce rights, unless stated otherwise in a UN resolution,

Deeply Concerned about colonies and colonial countries and their independence,

Applauding the efforts of the countries that have worked on reliving the roots of the Declaration on the Granting of independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,

Expecting further and more action from the UN in regard to the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,

1. Affirms thateconomic trades and relationships between developing and independent countries and colonial countries should be strengthened, intensified, and reinforced by:

a) empowering, invigorating, and encouraging connections and unions amongst international stock markets all around the world,

b) financially and generally supporting the World Trade Organization (WTO) in campaigns that promote further cooperation between different commerce centers in the world,

c) adding further economy-related issues in future agendas of the UN,

d) working on broadcasting local products on an international basis with the hope for the increase of the demand for these products locally and internationally,

2. Further Noting that by strengthening the economic bonds between independent and non-self-governing countries, the following would be achieved:

a) all countries involved will greatly benefit, for they would be given the chance to improve their economic and financial statuses,

b) the overall commerce of the nations involved will cover wider ground and will reach greater heights,

3. Emphasizes the need to fulfill the terms of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, by (obviously) granting independence to colonial countries,

4. Strongly Condemns those who have delayed and even completely halted the progression of the conditions of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,

5. Congratulates all nations who have been willingly contributing to greater international finance and commerce, and this contribution is outlined in the first operative clause of this resolution,

6. Calls Upon all world countries, organizations, and the UN to take further steps and to lead the way in the process of the full implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,

7. Further Resolves that all colonial countries wanting independence will get it in accordance to the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, and that whether or not the colonial country wants independence will be determined within a month of the passing of this resolution by a majority vote to be held in the capital city of the colonial country and to be taken by all the colonial peoples of the colonial country.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

Committee: Sub-Commission One, Disarmament Commission

Delegate: Fay Al-Tukhaim

ISSUE #4: Prohibition of the Production, Stockpiling, Sale, and Use of all Forms of Anti-Personnel Landmines and Measures to Expedite and Improve Landmine Clearance

Confident that the implementation of the cable suspended APL clearing in the Ottawa Mine Ban Treaty and donation of over 20.5 million dollars to UNMAS and the "de-mining" mine clearing, of Bosnia,

Reaffirming the necessity for the comprehensive ban on the production, use, sale, of all forms of anti-personnel landmines,

Noting with satisfaction effort made by certain states to initiate a comprehensive ban on the production, stockpiling, and use of APL,

Defining the term landmine as any munitions designed to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person and that will injure or kill one or more persons,

Encourages all nations to take a step to stop the production of all APL such as:

a) destroy all forms of APL which are stockpiled,

b) end all funds that support the production, sale, and use of all APL,

c) to abandon the sale and use of all APL,

1. Urges the UN to form the United Nations Landmine Detection and Elimination Committee (UNLDE) under auspices of UNMAS, which will locate and destroy landmines in affected countries by:

a) manual location and extraction with a metal detector or prodding tool,

b) use of cable suspended de-mining device,

c) use of specialized chemists, who will detect landmines that cannot be located by metal detectors and may be hidden,

2. Welcoming furthermore the measures taken over the past years, both unilaterally and multilaterally, aiming at prohibiting, restricting, or suspending the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of APL,

3. Further asks nations to fully cooperate so that all APL can be cleared so no one can get seriously injured or killed because of these landmines,

4. Supports that all nations should take a step to educate their nation about APL by doing the following:

a) notify the inhabitants of all nations about APL and their threat of APL,

b) set classes in schools and special meeting groups to provide information about APL,

c) for those countries not able to efficiently send information to reach the general public about APL through schools, broadcasts, and advertisements,

5. Emphasizes the needs of total and comprehensive ban on the production, use, stockpiling, and sale of anti-personnel landmines and new and improved measures to speed up landmine clearance.

 

Delegation: The Federation of St Kitts and Nevis

Committee:

Delegate: Shadi Al-Suwayeh

Congratulates all organizations including the UN that helped decrease the amount of damage caused by the Chernobyl crisis,

Deeply Disturbed that the people responsible for this crisis were poor and careless workers with no conscious of what would happen with there continuing careless maintenance of the equipment and facilities used in the plant;

Fully Aware that this poor maintenance did not help the environment but made it worse and caused:

a) the spread of deadly and harmful radiation,

b) the contamination about an area more then 130000 sq. km and as a result:

i) all or most of the life under water died,

ii) animals could not find food,

iii) most plant life died as forests and crops,

c) the immigration of many, many people,

Noting with Regret that this incident happened,

Desiring that if a country wants to use dangerous things to make electricity for example, nuclear power plants they should take good care of it and make sure that nothing happens, and if they are not capable like Chernobyl proved itself then they shouldn’t even have one in the first place;

Defining the following terms:

a) UN (United Nation),

b) WHO (World Health Organization),

c) UNEP (United Nation Environment Program),

d) OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe),

e) IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency),

Condemns all those responsible for the Chernobyl crisis for not taking the necessary health, safety and security steps and procedures, thus not taking the responsibility for maintaining the environment,

1. Urges the WHO and the UNEP to send a specialized team to the affected area of Chernobyl in order to study the after math of the Chernobyl incident on the flora and the fauna within a 150km radius of Chernobyl,

2. Calls Upon the OSCE to take the necessary steps and procedures in maintaining the security of the nuclear plants and facilities in Europe by conducting spontaneous inspection in all the power plants in Europe and checking the used equipment safety drills and designed difficulties, if any,

3. Resolves that the UN will send IAEA-lead groups to all nuclear plants and facilities in the world annually and they will be responsible for:

a) checking the maintenance of the equipment used,

b) insuring the health of the employees and surrounding citizens,

c) making sure that monthly emergency drills take place,

d) insuring the availability of many emergency escapes in case one or more cannot be used,

4. Further Resolves that all countries who do not maintain health, safety, and security rules and procedures in their usage of nuclear power plants and facilities will be:

a) given a first/initial warning to take more care and to show more concern for the rules and procedures mentioned above,

b) issued a second warning, which will state that:

i) their nuclear power plants and facilities will be closely monitored by the UN IAEA, with a small percentage of supervision by supervisors from the country itself,

ii) rates and figures concerning the nuclear plant will be constantly recorded and compared to past ones,

c) warned a third time, and this third warning will include:

i) closing the nuclear power pl,

ii) stopping all power flows to the nuclear power plant,

iii) prosecuting the president/head of the nuclear power plant and all other employees in charge or involved in the violations of the law, rules, orders, and procedures in the usage of the nuclear power plant,

6. Demands that the countries with well designed nuclear power plants help the countries with less safe structures in designing safe ones,

7. Further Demands the immediate attention, help, and aid of the UN in this drastically dangerous matter.