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TIMUN 2000

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The Turkish National Anthem


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TIMUN 2000
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For the first time, BBS attended this gala event held in Istanbul, Turkey. The event proved a real challenge since it came during Ramadan. Down to the last day, it appeared that BBS would possibly emerge as the best school at the event, but sickness took a toll. As it turned out, BBS emerged as the strongest school in Security Council, one of the stronger schools in the ECOSOC (despite having only delegate per country), and an average school in the General Assembly, to perform about fourth best among fifteen participating schools.


The Uskudar Academy Campus


Armenia and China each made an individual impact on this event. Armenia came with its own agenda culled from extensive conversations with Armenians living abroad as well as internet research. That agenda became clear in Armenia's first speech, a right-of-reply to Turkey's opening speech. The Armenian Vice-Ambassador reviled Turkey for its poor human rights record and challenged Turkey to admit its guilt in the Armenian massacres that occurred during World War I. This speech, apparently, took the Turkish audience by suprize, and it colored Armenia's experiences at the event. Armenia often found itself opposed by individuals apparently acting out of character as well as lined up against traditional foes, Turkey and Ajerbaijan. Undoubtedly, this worked to hinder Armenia's efforts in general, but it depicts Armenia's real positions and concerns.

Another View


China, also, played a vital role in this event though, largely a negative one. China found itself, time and again, called upon to defend the concept of "national sovereignty" and the needs of the many against the few, both embedded in Chinese traditions as well as reflected its current world view. China attacked the US for not sponsoring its trade membership in its own opening right-of-reply. This set stage the stage for many future confrontations, and occasional collaboration, with the US, again a fair depiction of current Chinese policies and concerns. A high point for China undoubtedly occurred when its resolution on Cyrpus apparently passed the General Assembly, but a subsequent recount failing the resolution.

Additional photos courtesy of Ms. Joan Dunn.


The General Assembly Hall


In general, then, both groups showed above average effectiveness in terms of getting resolutions debated and defeated. Moreover, they showed above average understanding of the countries and peoples they represented.
Nabil and Nasser try the food.




TIMUN Issues


Committee: Special Conference on Information Technology
Issue #1: Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security
Issue # 2: The advancement of IT (information technology) for sustainable development.

Committee: Territorial Disputes
Issue #1: Situations in the republic of Russian Federation and Checnya
Issue #2: Question of Cyprus

Committee: Disarmament
Issue #1:Prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of non-chemical weapons of mass struction, including bacteriological, biological and toxin weapons
Issue #2: Prevention of an arms race in outer space
Issue #3: Transparency in armaments and military expenditures and reduction of military budgets
Issue #4: A comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Committee: Human Rights
Issue#1: Rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities
Issue #2: Elimination of International Terrorism.
Issue #3: The rights of people’s self-determination
Issue#4: The situations of Human Rights in Turkey

Committee: Environment
Issue #1: Protection of the global climate for present and future generations of mankind.
Issue #2: Control of the research, development and production of genetically modified foods
Issue #3: Creating public awareness of water crisis
Issue #4: Protection of endangered species of flora and faura, including implementation of the convention o Biological Diversity

Committee: Economic and Social Council
Issue #1: Eradication of poverty and capacity building
Issue #2: Sustainable development and international economic cooperation, including the role of business and multinational corporations
Issue #3: Return and restitution of cultural property to the countries of origin
Issue #4: Strengthening of international cooperation to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of natural disasters
Issue #5: Strengthening of international cooperation to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of natural disasters

Committee: Security Council
Issue #1: The security situation in the Middle East
Issue #2: Reform of the Security Council




Ghazi makes an ally


Statements of Individual Countries




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The Republic of Armenia

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The Armenian Delegation

Security Council/Ambassador: Adel Al Omar (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)
Human Rights/Vice-Ambassador: Ghazi Al Sharhan
ECOSOC/Deputy Vice-Ambassador: Nada Al Ambduljader
Special Committee on Technlogy: Besma Al Mutawa
Special Committee on Territorial Disputes: Sarah Al Dukair
Disarmament: Nasser Al Shaya

Armenia






STATEMENTS OF DELEGATES


SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY: Besma Al Mutawa

Besma al Mutawa: IT I performed an outstanding role both in my committee and in the GA even when I was tired the last day and couldn’t make it to the meeting. Unfortunately, sickness betrayed many of the delegates including myself and Armenia wasn’t able to lead the General Assembly as good as it could have done if all the delegates were there. Armenia merged its resolution with many countries from all over the world and submitted a well-written resolution. I experienced many things on this trip. Apart from the amusement time, I learned more about the other countries there and by being Armenia, I observed how other countries think of my nation, for Armenia is a country hated by many nations. Also, just by being in Turkey and representing Armenia was a tough job for there was war between the Turks and the Armenians long ago. This trip was exciting, educational and simply wonderful !
Besma waits to give Armenia's opinion.


SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON TERRITORIAL DISPUTES: Sarah Al Dukair

Armenia played a bouncy role throughout the event in TIMUN. In the first day, Armenia proved its’ presence by raising their placard at all times. In lobbying and merging, Armenia co-signed with China after a long negotiation on who becomes the main submitter. In the Territorial disputes committee, our resolution passed, but unfortunately in the GA it failed with the difference of one vote. Armenia was considered to be an important country in the event.

Sarah considers Aziz's argument.


DISARMAMENT: Nasser Al Shayer

Nasser ended up filling in for Hessa Al Malallah (see below).

ECOSOC/DEPUTY-VICE AMBASSADOR: Nada Al Abuljader

Although the Model United Nations Armenia attended was in Turkey it had no fears expressing it feelings and blaming Turkey on what they have done to Armenia. As the delegate of Armenia is the ECOSOC, I had an important and significant role. Armenia was active in debating all the resolutions. It took part in each debate answering and solving countries’ challenges. For Armenia, TIMUN was the place where all the countries would hear what it has to say, not mentioning that most delegates’ real nationality was TURKISH! Further more, Armenia was the country that all the spotlights was aimed on. In the Turkish International Model United Nations Armenia was the foremost chief in leading all countries to the right decision, PROMOTING PEACE.

HUMAN RIGHTS/VICE-AMBASSADOR: Ghazi Al Sharhan

I believe that I represented Armenia very well at TIMUN. In the Opening Ceremony, I gave a “Right of Reply” speech concerning the Opening Speech of Turkey. In that speech, I TRASHED the Turks! As I was giving my speech, there was total silence in the auditorium. Right after I gave the solid concluding remarks of my speech, there was total CHAOS between the fellow delegates! It was the “Speech of the Night”!

In my Committee (Human Rights Committee), my resolution was an attacking resolution concerning the situation of Human Rights in Turkey. My speech about the resolution was a very solid attacking speech. My speech finally awakened the whole Committee from their boredom. In my speech I severely attacked Turkey and Azerbaijan. Turkey didn’t have the guts to say anything! The whole Committee was shocked! Even the President of our Committee was OVERWHELMED! He was overwhelmed by the striking evidence that I brought up. These Evidence were strong enough that they made the debating on my resolution freeze for nearly 15 minutes! That was the time it took our President to judge, approve, and explain the validity of my evidence. However, even after all of this, my resolution didn’t pass. That was because the delegates judged the resolution from their individual point of view, not from their country’s point of view.
Ghazi puts the finishing touches on his resolution.


Moving to the General Assembly, the resolution that made it from our committee to the GA was the PLO’s resolution. It was about the Rights of Minorities. I was FOR this resolution. I gave a speech that astonished the audience! That’s because I not only trashed Turkey, I also severely attacked Azerbaijan! I attacked Azerbaijan about what they did to the Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh. It was a breath-taking speech! Finally, I can resolve that I will be remembered as the VITAL Armenian Delegate. As the delegate who had the guts to Trash the Turks in Turkey, and succeeded in doing so. As the delegate who was in the precise character of his country, and who knew exactly what to say.

SECURITY COUNCIL/AMBASSADOR: Adel Al Omar

As the ambassador of Armenia, (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book) I stress on the fact that Armenia played a vital and critical role in the Turkish International Model United Nations Conference 2000 (TIMUN) and I would like to congratulate all members of my delegation. Going to the event well prepared and organized had a significant effect on my role as an ambassador of Armenia and the Security Council representative. I knew that becoming a delegate of a country is working on with it’s policy very closely with all your feelings and emotions. Still, that doesn’t mean that you create enemies, you still have to make allies and work with others using the skill of diplomacy.

Armenia works with its ally, Russia.


Starting from the first day in the opening ceremonies I started coordinating with my delegation in a way to trash the Turks and have our special type of print from the first day. This is what really happened. Before the time to make my opening speech my vice-ambassador Ghazi Al Sharhan rose to the podium and gave a right of reply trashing the Turks. After that, it was time for Armenia to make its opening speech.. a speech recalling the genocide the Turks committed on the people of Armenia when they slaughtered the innocent souls of more that 1.5 million Armenian’s.. killing all what everyone considers humans.. but they don’t! They killed our youth.. and our future that we are trying to rebuild. I passed a note to the Turkish ambassador explaining the fact that it’s a delegate representing his country.. and she replied with a thank you note. That was the beginning of the diplomatic actions we had to take as an Armenian delegation.

In the Security Council, Armenia was one of the most significant countries. From the first day in lobbying and merging.. I used all my abilities.. all the long hours and days of preparation, in getting countries to support my resolution on the reform of the Security Council. This resolution mainly asked for adding both Japan and Germany to the Security Council as permanent non-veto members, increasing the efficiency of the Security Council and it’s workability. When you first open the door of the Security Council lobbying and Merging room, you have to "LEAD" others and gather them near you, searching for support. This is the only way you would gain support, be the leader and not the follower. It is leadership and not the name of the country you represent that uncovers your fate in the Security Council.

For Adel, it's politics as usual.


It was my good preparation, my hard work, leadership, and least but not least, my diplomatic kind of character that helped me in being a main submitter of a resolution in the Security Council and have (believe it or not) the United States of America be my second speaker.

In the Security Council, Armenia took role in the discussion of resolutions. In the first resolution Armenia was supporting peace and self-determination in the Middle East and so supported the resolution submitted by China for being more efficient than the other resolution submitted by the United Kingdom. In the discussion of the second resolution I had a special task, but a somewhat simplified one. Thanks for the hard work during lobbying and merging where I got the support of all the permanent members of the Security Council or at least an abstention. I still had to work so closely with the United States of America in having others support this resolution. I spoke now and then and note passing between other delegates and me to share points of views and have them support the resolution was a non-stop character of this resolution. At last, this resolution passed and it was time for Armenians to celebrate a special print placed by their ambassador in a step to promote the workability and efficiency of the Security Council and the United Nations as an important body representing the international community.

Finally and after debating all the resolutions, it was time to choose between the two resolutions passed in the Security Council, a resolution to be read in the General Assembly in the closing ceremonies. It was the time of reality and the time for the greatest challenge and to get delegates to support my resolution going to the Security Council instead of China’s resolution represented by my friend Nabil Al Khalid. To say the truth it was a tough challenge.. a hard mission and task to be accomplished. I was first to speak.. I did all what I really can do and I honestly went beyond my actual abilities because I wanted to have the pleasure of an "Armenian" resolution being read in the General Assembly stressing on the fact and pointing out the significant role Armenia played in the Security Council. I used all my diplomacy.. all my abilities and beyond that.. and although I was first to speak I extraordinarily influenced the delegates. China was the second to speak for his resolution and this was an advantage since he had time to prepare and also as you all would agree that the idea and thought and everything the second speaker says would be more effective. I asked points of information to change other delegates support to China and pointed out that the honorable delegate of China is trying to make the delegates make decisions based on emotions and not what the resolution will really do. It was time for voting.. and "Yes!".. With a one-vote difference Armenia’s resolution passed to the General Assembly to be read. It was time for Armenians to celebrate and be proud of the role they play in the international community. Overall, Armenia had a special significance in this event.



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The People's Republic of China

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The Chinese Delegation

Security Council/Ambassador: Nabil Al Khaled(click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)
Human Rights/Vice-Ambassador: Nouf Al Fraih
ECOSOC/Deputy Vice-Ambassador: Abdullah Al Asousi
Special Committee on Technology: Rakan Al Bahar
Special Commitee on Territorial Disputes: Aziz Al Ateeqi
Disarmament: Hessa Al Malallah
Environment: Maryem Al Hamad



China

STATEMENTS OF DELEGATES




ENVIRONMENT: Maryem Al Hamad

China was a leading country in the environment committee. I played a great role in showing other countries how the environment is important to China and discussed each issue efficiently. Unfortunately, China couldn’t speak a lot in the General Assembly due to the confusion we had because of many delegates missing. I also substituted for the fellow delegates of my country due to the sicknesses they had and so they couldn’t make it that day. China merged with delegates from Kuwait, Iran, India, Italy, Ukraine, and Turkey. All of us merged to produce a well-written resolution. However, unfortunately, the resolution wasn’t passed to the GA and we lost with 2 votes. China was a good leading country in TIMUN.

Maryem listens carefully.





SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON TECHNOLOGY: Rakan Al Bahar


This last MUN event at TIMUN, I would have to say was the hottest of all events. Although I wasn’t as stubborn or as nervous as I was in CACMUN or KFSAC, at the end of this event the whole concept of MUN made sense to me. China played a really important role in the Information Technology committee. In lobbying and merging I was quite successful if it wasn’t for the prejudice of some co-submitters. I was about to get the position as submitter of the resolution, but what can I do, I ended up with second co-submitter. Also, a crisis situation was proposed. China was blamed for destroying the middle-east satellites, and I successfully made the point clear that it was impossible. Fortunately, most countries present gave in, and believed the fact that it was another country responsible for all this. In the GA, I was so active and had to substitute for them. I asked many points of information.


Rakkan reads a resolution.


SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON TERRITORIAL DISPUTES: Aziz Al Ateeqi

Aziz solicits support.


DISARMAMENT: Hessa Al Malallah

The Chinese Disarmament Commission had presented the MUN with a very well spelled out resolution. The resolution was later on lobbied and merged by a fellow delegate, Nasser Ak- Shaye. I, as the disarmament commission's representative from the chinese delegation, couldn't make it to Turkey because of certain health difficulties. However, I hope next time will be of better luck for me.


DISARMAMENT COMMISSION: Nasser Al-Shaya

China played an affective role in TIMUN. China was one of the most effective countries present. To begin with, we began strong in our opening speech and rights of reply. Next day during lobbying and merging China was extremely successful at the beginning but unfortunately some delegates acted out of character afterwards. I was a leader for my issue and made everyone listen to my points and speeches that I made continuously. When gathering the submitters that were on the same issue as mine I was effective in a way that made them follow me blindly until one started rebelling against me with no reason and started a Turkish debate that I furiously stopped since that particular delegate did not want the plan I took in my resolution about the Future Peace Program simply because he was confident that my idea was the best amongst all. China was the main submitter to three or more resolutions, which set a good impression. In disarmament commission, China played an active role as well. China talked for and against resolutions making its opinions loud and clear for the world to know China's good intentions and how it strives to make the world a better place.
Nasser lobbies hard.



In the GA, China was active as well. China was the main submitter of one resolution and co. submitted others. However, I, the delegate of China from the disarmament commission wasn't able to attend due to some health problems. However, my fellow partners filled in for me, and again, China was one of the most active countries in TIMUN.




ECOSOC/DEPUTY-VICE AMBASSADOR: Abdullah Al Asousi

First, I’d like to say that in this event, I made my best performance in MUN. I made it clear to everyone that China is still strong and present. I made more than 9 speeches, some attacking, and some defending. I also did one in the first day in the General assembly defending China on entering the WTO .

Although almost all of my speeches were effective, I remember some that were really good. For example, there was a resolution that was submitted by Kuwait on the "White Helmets" and it made the "White Helmets" in countries, so I trashed it by every possible way. I said the Kuwait can’t yield to Iraq and that Kuwait doesn’t even play a soccer match against Iraq. I also talked about how the resolution went out of topic because it talked about all voluntary groups. I stated also many clauses that made infringements upon national sovereignty of countries, and I worked with the United States, because it had another resolution on the same topic, to destroy Kuwait’s resolution. I also asked a point of information and said that isn’t it a shame for ECOSOC to pass resolutions like this. Eventually, it didn’t pass.

There was also another resolution about natural disasters. That issue didn’t concern China much. However, there was a clause that made the United Nations Development Programme go into countries to make sure that any aid is being spent on natural disasters. I made an amendment to cross out this clause and I threatened that if this clause wasn’t crossed out, China WILL BE AGAINST the resolution. The amendment passed with none or one or two votes against (I can’t remember). On another resolution submitted by Iraq on the eradication of poverty I made one of my strongest speeches although I only talked about three clauses. I really was aggressive when I spoke on the last two clauses and I challenged the U.S. if it "claims" to be a peace leader to cancel the debts and to lift the sanctions imposed on many countries, and I specifically mentioned Iraq. When I returned to my seat there were all notes thanking me on my speech…

I made another speech on cultural property, and I think that it was my most aggressive speech. I really shouted and attacked the resolution that was co-submitted by many developed countries such as the U.S. and France. I shouted about that the resolution didn’t do anything and that all the countries that co-submitted the resolution were trying to go around the topic and not solve the problem. In general, I made lots of speeches on how China was and still is helping developing countries and that it will continue helping in every possible way. I also send and received many notes from developing countries, especially from Iraq and Iran. Also in my speeches I acted as a confident delegate and I was always open for all points of information


HUMAN RIGHTS/VICE-AMBASSADOR: Nouf Al Fraih

China played an active role in TIMUN. To begin with, China was VERY active in giving rights of replies. Then, in lobbying and merging, I was lucky. I got five signatures from really strong countries, like Iran and the United Kingdom, which means that I got to be the main submitter. Moreover, no one changed a thing in the resolution. However, that wasn’t easy…I had to fight to get those signatures and I fought hard. I served as the ambassador of China in the Human Rights committee, and was pretty active there too. China made its opinions clear to everyone present. I attacked most of the countries present, some of the strongest countries, like the United Stated, Iran, and Iraq. Even though, China wasn’t attacked back…however, China was ready to defend itself on anything! In the General Assembly I was pretty active too. I talked for and against a few resolutions, and was really active in asking points of information. China also asked to extend debating times…. However, they were all rejected. All in all, China played a VERY important role in TIMUN, and made it’s point clear to everyone present!

The Vice-Ambassador of China and that of Armenia.




SECURITY COUNCIL/AMBASSADOR: Nabil Al Khaled

I served as the Ambassador of China (click here to read the ambassador's briefing book)
at the Turkish International Model United Nations, which our school attended in December 2000. My delegation did a good job in the preparatory work for the conference, and excelled at the conference itself. Three of them managed to submit their resolutions to be debated, and two passed.
Nabil listens to the others' ideas.


I, myself, was the Security Council representative of China. During lobbying and merging, I worked with four delegates in submitting a resolution on the security situation in the Middle East, of which I was a main submitter. When the debate started, my resolution was debated first. I had to speak, explain, and defend every clause. I didn’t gain much support from my co-submitters, so I was generally on my own. The debate was going smoothly, with some clauses passing, and others not. When we got to the main clause of the resolution, I began to notice a trend in the debate: The United Kingdom was speaking and voting against all of the clauses! When we did get to the main clause, my idea was proven... the UK was totally against it! During a 10-minute break, I frantically wrote an amendment, changing what the the UK criticized. I handed it in just in time, and the amendment was passed, which passed the clause. At the very end, the resolution passed with a vote of 9 in favor, 2 against, and 4 abstentions.

Nabil has them persuaded.

During the debate of the other resolutions, I was neutral on Armenia’s resolution on the reform of the Security Council, seeing that it added Germany and Japan as non-veto permanent members. However, I was in strong support of it after Lebanon passed an amendment which resolved that the General Assembly will decide which new members will be added. As for the UK’s resolution on the Middle East, I was critical of it since it called for peacekeeping forces without the approval of Israel and the PNA.

In conclusion, China had a great week at the conference. We all ensured that everybody acknowledged our presence. China was well-represented throughout the commissions. We made an excellent first impression in Turkey.

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Touring Istanbul

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BBS had an opportunity to sample a little of Istanbul's 3000+ years of historical tradition.


Lining up for a picture.


In front of the Blue Mosque, from left to right:
Mr. Dan, Ghazi, Besma, Nada, Adel, Maryem, Aziz, and Nabil


In front of Santa Sophia, the center of the Byzantine world:
Aziz, Ghazi, Nada, Adel, Besma, Sarah, Nabil, and Abdullah


Ghazi is almost as tall as Galata Tower.


BBS visits Bylerbi, a later, opulent Ottomon Palace:
Nouf, Nada, Maryem, Ghazi, Nasser, Aziz, and Rakkan


Ghazi and Mr. Dan share a joke.


Mr. Dan tries to hint to Besma to turn down the
volume of the Arabic music playing on the bus.


Nasser and Besma like this style statement.


Ghazi, Maryem, and Nada stand outside.


Outside the Grand Bazaar


Rakkan, Besma, Adel, Maryem, Nassar, and Aziz
prepare to do some serious shopping.


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GUARDING THE HOUSE
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Not all members of the BBS MUN group could make this trip to Istanbul. Those left behind researched some organizations. Below is a brief statement from the work of each of them, an expert analysis of an important international organization.

Greenpeace: Hamad al Saleh

Greenpeace (click here to read the expert's analysis) Responsible on the environment taking care of the world to make it a safer and a better place to live without any pollutants or harm to any organisim. Their job is fighting for our enviornment. Greenpeace's strength is that it has the people's side and their weakness is that the government and the rich companies don’t care of the environment and only care about the companies budget to increase. Greenpeace has many allies. The most strongest allies their allies is the people at first. The people are the strongest ally a agency of the environment needs. Second of all their allies are the other environment agencies

The IMF: Mustafa Malaki

The IMF (click here to read the expert's analysis) has a capacity to provide its members with financial assistance is known as its liquidity. Whenever there is a decrease in the budget or in the amount of reserve assets (probably as a result of borrowers not paying back on time), the IMF seeks to increase the quotas of members to make up for the loss. This is particularly disadvantageous to rich, industrial countries who are not heavily indebted, since they have to pay more whenever poor, indebted countries do not pay back their loans on time. The United States of America, without doubt, is the most promising and trustworthy member of the IMF. The IMF, almost in all cases, resorts to the United States as a means of improving its conditions. The United States of America is both famous and notorious economically, and uses such power to dominate itself in all situations around the world. The IMF has proved effective in very few instances, such as the problem with the Turkish currency. .

IAEC: Saad al Ghawas

The International Atomic Energy Commission (click here to read the expert's analysis) serves as the world’s foremost intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology. In this respect it is a useful agency but not a very successful one. You would imagine that the states that ratified the IAEA statute would also take some conservative actions in the nuclear area such as cutting down on nuclear warhead production and any other nuclear weapons of mass destruction research. In fact the opposite is occurring. The very states that ratified the statute are the same ones that continue to develop nuclear arms or are trying very hard to attain the "nuclear state" status. An example of this is India and Pakistan who both ratified the IAEA statute in 1957 but just in 1999 conducted nuclear testing and began stockpiling their warheads. The IAEA doesn’t have a very strong prohibition policy in the nuclear weapons field and this is a great disadvantage because that is at least half of what that agency was intended for in Eisenhower’s speech in 1953. .

Interpol: Mohammad Fakhral-Deen

Interpol (click here to read the expert's analysis) acts as the organization that facilitates the passage/exchange of criminological information between countries. Interpol’s strengths are much more than its weaknesses. The backbone of Interpol and its near-solid infrastructure is the fact that it was established by European countries who were, at the time, and (most) still are, on good terms and dominate the organization. Interpol’s strengths are uncountable, but the most important may be: forming an international network of well-trained police correspondents around the world, aiding both national and international police forces at times of need, dealing with a diverse variety of criminal activities: drugs, stolen artwork, and, recently, internet crimes. The United States’ position of Interpol is avoidance. The US fears Interpol’s Nazi past. Although the US is a major donor/contributor to Interpol’s success, both financially and technically, the US seems to have no use for Interpol and is suspicous of its notable failues in combating terrorism, is Interpol’s "dramatic" failure in attempting to cope with drug trafficking; in fact, it been suspected of aiding in drug trafficking acts, particularly in South America. Interpol’s other enemies comprise mainly of international and national terrorists. .

UNHCR: Hamad Sultan

The UNHCR (click here to read the expert's analysis) is an organ of the United Nations General Assembly. It was created for the purpose of providing international legal protection for refugees and finding solutions to their problems, which often include homelessness, sickness or other medical disorders. From 1992 to 1994 UNHCR was among the humanitarian groups providing assistance to people in Somalia threatened with starvation and malnutrition. UNHCR was part of a team of organizations that helped over 2 million people in Rawanda.In 1995 UNHCR was assisting approximately 19 million refugees worldwide. In recognition of its humanitarian activities, UNHCR was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1954 and again in 1981. It has also won numerous other international prizes.

UNDP: Sukaina Fakhral-Deen

The UNDP (click here to read the expert's analysis) has a mission to help countries build national capacity to achieve sustainable, human development, giving top priority to eliminating poverty and building equity. Eighty-five percent of the UNDP staff is based in the countries where people need help. The UNDP is a flexible organization, able to respond to changing needs. In recent years it has become increasingly decentralized (disperse), transferring more responsibility for programme development, monitoring and evaluation to its country offices, along with greater accountability.

UNDP: Hessa Al Malallah

The UNDP (click here to read the expert's analysis) People on our planet are facing different social, economical, and political challenges in which they have given a rise to build a better lifestyle globally. These challenges have led the people to live without appropriate amount of food, clean water, respective shelter, safety, insurance, and proper education, healthcare, and means of sustainable livelihood. Therefore, the United Nations tries to solve, coordinate, lead, and provide funding for development through the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), which plays a basic role in shaping an effective and unified UN response to today's development challenges.

WHO: Tareq al Rubei

The WHO (click here to read the expert's analysis) defined by its Constitution as the directing and coordinating authority on international health work, its aim "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health". WHO, as a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) system, has unique roles, to provide technical assistance. These roles become even more critical in a time of economic crisis. Political Allies include the United States of America and its allies, simply every country that needs help



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