Country: Bahrain

Event: CACMUN 2000

Student: Sukaina Fakhral-Deen

 

 

 

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The Bahrain National Anthem

Bahrain

I. Country Profile


Bahrain

 

Country Profile

Bahrain

Political Structure(s):

Bahrain is ruled directly by an amir (a hereditary monarch), Sheikh Hamad Bin Essa Al-Khalifa. Then he appoints a Council of Ministers and a 30-member Consultative Council. Member of the UN, Arab League, OPEC, GCC. It has a traditional monarchy. Bahrainís legal system is based on Islamic law and English common law.

Natural Resources:

Although Bahrain is a small country, yet it still has a few natural resources and they are Petroleum and Natural Gas and fish. The climate there is dull, dusty which leads to dryness, then humid and hot summers. The terrain is mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central battlement. That also causes some natural hazards like dust storms and constant dryness. The Environment current issues are desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation). Resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; no natural fresh water resources so that groundwater and sea water are the only sources for all water needs.

Cultural Factors:

Although Bahrain is small in size, but it has a big population

(Population; 629,090/note: includes 227,801 non-nationals). The people there are Bahrainis. Their main languages are; Arabic, English, Farsi and Urdu. In Bahrain there are five Ethnic groups, and they areÖ

A) Bahrainis: 63%

B) Asian: 13%

C) Other Arab: 10%

D) Iranian: 8%

E) Other: 6%

Their religions are Shi'a Muslim 75%, Sunni Muslim 25%. Unfortunately, they donít get along very well.

 

4) Defense:

Bahrain has a small military force. These are some of the military branches: Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, Police Force. In Bahrain there is a certain age for a male to enter the military force, that is at the age of 15 years old. That itís why it canít fight Iran because Iran has a big military force, also Qatar.

5) Geography:

Bahrain comprises an archipelago of the 35 small islands. Bahrain island, the largest, consists mainly of sandy plain sand salt marshes, and is linked to Saudi Arabia, by causeway. Qatar tried to take the islands, but Bahrain didnít allow that. Those islands belong to them, since the 1950ís. Bahrainís climate is mild, pleasant winters, humid summers and very hot. Its terrain is mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment.

6) Views of world problems:

Bahrain is getting along just fine with the Arab lands, except for Qatar. Bahrain and Qatar are having a fight about the islands, who do they belong to. It does get along with Palestine, for they are Arabs, theyíre Muslim, and theyíre Sunni Muslim. The only reason why it might get along with Iranians, because it has a Sunni Government. The territorial dispute with Qatar over the Hawar Islands and the maritime boundary dispute with Qatar are currently before the International Court of Justice (ICJ)

7) Economy:

The wealth of Bahrain is due to its petroleum and natural gas resources, and the oil-refining industry. As reserves began to wane in the 1970s, the government encouraged diversification. As a result, Bahrain is now one of the Gulfís major banking and communication centers. Currency; Bahraini Dinars. Bahrainís best known trading partner is Dubai, because it was known to be the number one trading country during the Kuwait Gulf War.

8) History:

Bahrain's history goes back to the roots of human civilization. The main island is thought to have broken away from the Arabian mainland sometime around 6000 BC and has almost certainly been inhabited since prehistoric times. The archipelago first emerged into world history in the 3rd millennium BC as the seat of the Dilmun trading empire. After a series of Islamic rulers, Bahrain was conquered by the Portuguese in the early 16th century. In the 1830s, Bahrain signed the first of many treaties with Britain, who offered Bahrain naval protection from Ottoman Turkey in exchange for unfettered access to the Gulf. Although oil was discovered in the area in 1902, large-scale drilling and processing didn't happen until the 1930s, right about the time the world pearl market was collapsing. Oil money brought improved education and health care to Bahrain. It also brought the British closer, and the senior British official in the Middle East followed suit in 1946. Britain announced its intention to leave the Gulf 15 years later, prompting Bahrain to proclaim its independence on 14 August 1971. The Iranian revolution touched off a few violent pro-Iranian demonstrations in Bahrain in 1979 and 1980, but Islamic fundamentalism failed to capture widespread support. Despite the Gulf-wide economic downturn of the late 1980s, Bahrain remained calm and prosperous thanks to its earlier efforts at economic diversification. The country's main shipyard did a roaring trade in the late 1980s, patching up tankers that had been hit by one side or the other during the Iran-Iraq War. The opening of the King Fahd Causeway between Bahrain and Saudi Arabia in 1986 gave a boost to business and tourism.

The 1990s saw Bahrain wracked with external threats and internal strife. Though the Scud missile attack on Bahrain ordered by Saddam Hussein during the Gulf War landed harmlessly in the sea, relations between the two countries hit an all-time low. The emir's refusal to implement democratic reforms led to widespread rioting in the mid-1990s. Bahrain cooperated closely with the UN's monitoring mission to Iraq in the late 1990s, though the US military buildup in the Gulf in early 1998 strained relations between Bahrainis and US military personnel.

 

 

 

 

POLICY STATEMENTS

-Issue #1, The Question of the Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes:

Bahrain believes that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience (sense of right and wrong) and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. That everyone has the right to life, in liberty, in security of themselves (people) and no slavery or racism, which should be prohibited, and definitely no wars. Bahrain supports the UN to help those poor countries that are facing a crisis. The Humanitarian Interventions have increased rapidly this year, but they have proven somewhat less than entirely effective. Somalia, Rwanda and Bosnia come to mind. The role of military force in Humanitarian Interventions has often seemed inappropriate, if not actually counter-productive. Hence, to many observers the future of International Humanitarian Intervention appears quite dim. The thesis is that there exists a proper role for military force in certain humanitarian crises, but this role can only be defined by developing a strategic approach that reflects the true nature of each humanitarian crisis.

-Issue #2, The Question of Developing an International Legal Code to deal with Criminal Activity on the internet, (WWW) such as hacking, pornography, viruses, etc..:

Hacking is when people gain unauthorized access to files that belong to confidential security files, or a code, etc. Pornography is written material or pictures intended solely to cause sexual arousal, which debases human sexuality. Viruses are organisms (smaller than bacterium), capable of causing disease; destructive code hidden in a computer program. Bahrain believes that this is a humiliation for people, and should be illegalized. There should be a law for the world saying that hacking and pornography are illegal, and those who made viruses should be sent to jail (months-years). This shouldnít be allowed in the world.

-Issue #3, the Question of the Admittance of Palestine into the United Nations as

a full voting member:

Bahrain fully supports Palestine for being a full voting member in the UN. Palestine like all of us deserves its rights. Countries should support Palestine, and help it indicate its borders, and to praise its strong government, also to recognize its flag. There is no reason for any country to be against Palestine, but with it. Every country should stay in its own territories, and keep away from others. Israel should leave the Palestinian territories, as mentioned in resolution #242, clause one.

 

Resolution

Delegation: Bahrain

Committee: The General Assembly

Delegate: Sukaina Fakhral-Deen

Question of: The Question of the Admittance of Palestine into the United Nations as a Full Voting Member.

 

Believing that Palestine has every right to enter the UN, and like all of us a country, an Arab country, and like all other Arab countries that had their rights to enter the UN.

Keeping in mind that all Arab countries are brothers, stand by each other, defend their countryís rights;

Taking Note as Albert Einstein said: "Peace in Palestine and Israel cannot be achieved by force, but only through understanding," and that the country that is now in conflict with Palestine must by all means stand with Palestine and not against it.

Believes that Israel should leave the Palestinian territories, and it shouldnít have anything to do with them;

Alarmed by what is happening between Palestine and Israel, and the conflict that is going between them, noting that in UN resolution #242, it mentioned that Israel should leave occupied territories, in clause number one by saying "withdrawal of Israel armed forces from territories of recent conflict";

Expressing its appreciation to those who help Palestine, and to all those who were in favor for it to be approved by the UN to be part of it;

Fully Believing that Palestine is a country to be a Full Voting Member, to be part of the UN, because that is its right;

Emphasizing further that all member states signing the Oslo according in their acceptance of the UN have undertaken a promise to act in accordance with Palestine, and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in which every country in the area can live in security. Also the for the UN to play more active and expanded role in the current peace process and in the implementation of the declaration of principles.


1. Draws the Attention of the UN that Palestine is currently an observer, and that it is participating like a country;

2. Emphasizes that Palestine is and has been an active and respected observer for several years;

3. Affirms that the fulfillment of principles requires the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East, which should include the application of both the following principles:

One) withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories of recent conflict,

Two) termination of all claims or states of respect for and acknowledgement of the sovereignty , territorial integrity and political independence of every state in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force,

Three) the above mentioned clauses recognizes both Palestine and Israelis rights to exist as sovereign (own independence) nations,

4. Supports the Arab and foreign countries who stand by Palestine and are in favor of its drive to become a UN member by:

One) indicating Palestinian borders on maps (own territory),

Two) praising its strong government,

Three) recognizing the Palestinian flag,

5. Calls Upon the UN to give a chance to Palestine to be a Fully Voting Member, and also upon all countries not to provide Israel with any assistance to be used specifically in connection with settlements in the Occupied Territories;

6. Urges:

a) an immediate withdrawal of Israeli troops in compliance with resolution #242.

b) the UN to give Palestine an opportunity to be a UN member, and to

c) countries to help Palestine, and to help it get its own secure territory;

 

7. Further resolves that all measures taken by Israel to change the physical character, demographic composition, institutional structure of status of the Palestinian and other Arab countries territories, and that Israel should leave Palestine and its territories alone.

 

Opening Speech

Delegation: The State of Bahrain

Committee: The General Assembly

Delegate: Sukaina Fakhral-Deen

Honorable Secretary General, Honorable Delegates and wealthy timekeeper, Assalamu Alaikum. Bahrain would like to welcome all present countries to this session, and would like to emphasize its support for all countriesí goals.

From the land of pearls, to the land of wide-open clear deserts, to the land of petroleum. Bahrain is the land of hospitality. Bahrain is a small country, and is now one of the Gulfís major banking and communication centers.

As you all know Bahrain faces a problem with other countries who donít want Palestine to be a Full Voting member in the UN. Especially, the country that is now in conflict with Palestine, and the rioting that has cost the lives of innocent civilians and the disturbance that has been going on for days, and who has caused conflicts that have lasted for over fifty years with Palestine. But, like all of us Palestine is a country, and like us it has its right to be a member of the UN. So, the Delegate of Bahrain asks all Arab countries attending this session to support Palestine.

THANK YOU!

Ambassadorís Statement,

As the ambassador of Bahrain, I was a prosperous as a leader. In my opening speech I illustrated the government of Bahrain, and learned many things about Bahrain, such as its policy, history, natural resources, its friends and enemies and its natural resources. In the lobbying and merging I was able to get my resolution merged in with the other Arab Countries, and told them to take some of my pre-amb clauses, and some of my clauses, and they merged theirs with some of mine. The weird thing is that the delegate of Palestine didnít mention anything about the OSLO, and I was the only one that did mentioned the OSLO in my resolution. Unfortunately, I couldnít get them to put me as a submitter, only as a co-submitter. They thought that it would make more sense to make Palestine talk first since the issue was about Palestine and Israel, and then to have a strong country to defend it which was Russia (although this was their 1st year).

The thing that I liked was when I got to ask points of information (around 3 or above), and speak in an open debate. What really annoyed me was when they became BIASED! I sent two notes to the chair telling her to chose different people and not always the same, to give other people a chance to talk too, but no why should they. I had a really good attacking question for Israel, but they didnít let me. Anyway, for the 1st issue, I signed South Koreaís resolution since it was the best. For the 2nd issue, I signed Hungaryís and New Zealandís Resolution since it made more sense than the other ones. The part that I really, really liked was when our MUN group smashed a resolution that belonged to Israel (thanks to Nabil :) ).

I HOPE THAT NEXT YEAR WEíLL BE THE BEST SCHOOL IN MUN

:)!!