Country: Central African Republic
Event: CACMUN 2000
Student: Sara al Dukair
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Central African Republicís Country Profile
Central African Republicís legal system is based on the French law. Itís a republican government in which the head of the government is not a monarch but is a president. The real power of the country is known to be with the president himself. The constitution was passed by referendum in 1994, but was then adopted in 1995. The administrative division has 14 prefectures, 2 economic prefectures, and 1 commune. The president is elected by popular vote for a six-year term. The president Ange-Felix Patasse appoints the Prime Minister. Adding to the in both the supreme and constitutional court the judges are appointed by the president. The elections are very serious because itís based on the popular vote who by then chooses the future president. They have to find someone who is well known to fit this job.
Central African Republic has a high percentage of poverty caused by the lack of natural resources. Mineral resources in this agricultural country are relatively undeveloped. Diamonds is the dominant mineral found in large amounts. Deposits of uranium, as well as timber, gold, oil, iron, lime, zinc, copper, and tin are found in usable amounts. The country uses all their crops in the country, and has to import much more than they could afford. The percentages of permanent crops are 0%, while permanent pastures are 5%. Current environment issues are like tap water is not potable, desertification, and deforestation. Natural resources are mentioned to be really poor.
Central Africans are divided into several ethnic groups. The ethnic groups would include 34% Baya, 27% Banda, 10% Sara, 21% Mandjia, 4% Mboum, 4% MíBaka, and 6,500 Europeans including 3.,600 French. Many religions are found in Central African Republic, and they include 24% indigenous beliefs, 25% Protestant, 25% Roman Catholic, and 15% Muslim. Approximately 49% of the population live in small villages and work according to their traditional religions. On the other hand 60% of the population follow traditional customs. Although there are several languages and religions but surprisingly most of the people get along just fine, and the people who do have problems are mainly about certain financial issues.
In Central African Republic several languages are spoken. The official language is French, while Sangho is the national language. Arabic, Hunsa, and Swahili are also spoken there.
Central African armed forces, presidential guard, national gendarmerie, and police force are all part of Central African Republics Military. There are 782,678 males between the age of 15-49 available for defense purposes, but only 409,044 are fit to do the job. These 409,044 are meant to be in good shape physically compared to other Africans. Although they have no enemies at the time being, they have a large amount of people ready for any surprise attack. Central African Republic has to depend on rich countries to help out. All military expenses are about $29 million per year.
Central African Republic is located in central Africa. Itís located at the north of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. On the north itís bordered by Chad, on the east by Sudan, on the south by Zaire and the Republic of Congo, and on the west by Cameroon. Bangui is its capital and its largest city.
Central African Republicís climate is pretty hot and unstable. In the winter itís dry, while summers are wet and humid. Dusty winds, tornadoes, and floods are very common. The weather discourages its people from working hard and it makes them feel lazy.
The Central African Republic is one of the most undeveloped areas in Africa. About 60% of the population earn its livelihood by farming. The agricultural output is fairly balanced between subsistence and export crops. The principal sources of revenues are diamonds, coffee, tobacco, cotton, and timber exports. More than 70% of the population live in outlying areas. Timber has accounted about 16% of export earnings and diamond industry for nearly 54%. Ongoing violence between the government and rebel military groups over pay issues, living conditions, and political representation has destroyed many business in the capital and reduced tax revenues for the government. Central African Republics currency is under the French influence and itís the communaute financiere Africaine franc (CFAF). $1 dollar is roughly estimated to be 560 CFAF.
Inflation rates are estimated to be 2.6%, while the unemployment rate is 6%. About $182 million is estimated to their exports, andd$155 million is for the imports. Their shipment of import includes food, textiles, petroleum products, machinery, electrical equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, consumer goods, and industrial products. Import partners are mostly with France, Cote díIvoire, Cameroon, Germany, and Japan. Export partners are mostly with France, Belgium-Luxembourg, Cote díIvoire, Spain, and Egypt. The external debt is estimated about $930 million, and isnít a huge amount compared to the GDP which approximately $5.5 billion which might or already has lead them to some sort of debt crisis.
Central African Republic has a bad political history. In the 1880ís the French annexed the area, and everything became according to what the French wanted. The French created organization and routine in Central African Republic. Everything that has to be done, was to be done perfectly. There was a time when the Africans were forced to speak French to communicate with others. A few years later French was the official language. Also, French men were getting married to African ladies and that created a strong bond between the French and the Central Africans. The French worked in all fields and the Africans were close to slaves.
In 1910 the dependency became part of the Federation of French Equatorial Africa. In 1960 they became fully independent and David Dacko was elected to be president. In 1966 his government got corrupted, and his cousin Jean Bedel Bokassa seized power. Bokassaís regime began to fall apart in 1979, when he began to order schoolchildren to wear expensive school uniform. The army was called in, and many children were taken to prison. African judges then concluded that Bokassa had personally participated in thee killings.
In 1979 he was overthrown by the French government, and Dacko resumed power. Bokassa returned back to the country in 1986 and was convicted of ordering the murders of political opponents while he was in power. Then in the same year Kolingba was elected for a six-year term presidency.
Since 1993 Ange-Felix Patasse has been elected president, and after his six- year term he was reelected. Depending of France on everything proves that Central African Republic isnít really a stable democracy.
Views on World Problems:
Central African Republic doesnít play a very influential role in the world because of its several problems such as the large amount of corruption and poverty. Many countries depend on Central African Republic as a source for diamonds, while it depends on other countries on food and medication. Countries such as France, and Belgium-Luxembourg depend on Central African Republic as an important source for diamonds. Adding to that, Central African Republic is tightly tied to France because the French occupied their lands for a long time. Also, its economy is dependent on France through the Franc.
Central African Republic is a member in the United Nation (UN), as well as the Organization of African Unity (OAU), and a member in the Economic Structural adjustment program (ESAP).
Delegation: Central African Republic
Delegate: Sara Al-Dukair 10C
Issue #1: The Question of the Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes.
Central African Republic is deeply concerned about this issue. It is the main thing focused on in poor countries. Central African Republic believes that it is meaningful to stop AIDS from increasing around the world, and that AIDS is clearly considered a possible cause for "intervention". Central African Republic realizes that reducing the necessary amount of AIDS in the world will actually be beneficial to all countries and their societies. It would help other countries on saving money on medications and causing less people to die. Furthermore, Central African Republic asks the United Nations to take into consideration the danger aspects of AIDS due to many reasons mainly poverty in Africa.
Issue #2: The Question of Developing an International Legal Code to Deal with Criminal Activity on the Internet.
Central African Republic isnít concerned about this issue at all. Central African Republic is a poor country and needs money for food and medication not computers. Anyway most computers would be located at the presidents office or at embassies. More than half the population arenít educated so how would they be able to work on computers. This issue should concern countries that can afford computers.
Issue #3: Whether Palestine Should Have Full Voting Rights.
Central African Republic is with the idea of giving Palestine the full voting rights. Palestine has suffered so much, and has to have a chance to try to make some kind of difference in the world. Palestine doesnít have problems with African countries so that means many countries will be in favor of this issue. Adding to that Palestine seeks peace, and might focus of problems in Africa if it is clearly pointed out to them. Although Palestine isnít a financial supporter to other countries, it could help out countries emotionally. Palestine is a country in which has been judged according to their problems with Israel but not by what they could offer to other countries. Giving Palestine the full voting rights is a wise decision because Palestine could have the power to stand against uncontrollable countries such as Iraq and Israel.
Forum: General Assembly
Delegation: Central African Republic
Delegate: Sara Al-Dukair
Issue #1: The Question of the role of the UN regarding the Intervention in a region or state for Humanitarian Purposes.
Defining "intervention" as a financial aid supporting the help for poor countries;
Pointing out that According to CNNís program "AIDS in Africa" which premiered on Sunday 1st of October, showed that AIDS is a humanitarian disaster in which 20 million African are predicted to die;
Deeply concerned that African countries canít do enough by themselves about this disease;
Bearing in mind that According to CNNís program "AIDS in Africa" which premiered on Sunday 1st of October, reported that 73% of the African population are suffering from AIDS;
1.Affirms that the reason why people are affected by AIDS in Africa is mostly due to natural disasters and poverty;
2.Calls upon the United Nations to strongly and financially support the IMF in carrying out its efforts of preventing AIDS in different countries around the world of which Africa is known to be a major one, because what their doing isnít good enough;
3. Urges the help of the media to:
One) put cover pages about life in Africa;
Two) television commercials about how Africans are living;
Three) radio station should :
- put a certain telephone number for pledges,
- remind listeners how they can help other people ,
- extra attention to this problem when a famous show is on air,
Four) public lectures;
Five) add more educational programs to:
- make people emotionally disturbed to urge them to try to do something,
Six) posters everywhere in color to attract people;
Seven) magazines should :
- write articles to ask readers to submit ideas to solve this problem,
4. Notes that the fewer people are affected with AIDS, the fewer problems like:
One) costs (ex. Medication, hospitalization),
Two) diseases and infections,
Three) less number of people who die,
5. Expressing its appreciation to all committees and countries for their help and support, and wish to resolve this issue at sometime;
6. Resolves that first world countries with a GPD larger than $50 billion, should help with major roles in the campaign against AIDS by:
One) donating money to poor countries, 0.2% of their income;
Two) holding fundraisers about AIDS around the world, and sending the money to countries that;
are in war,
have natural disasters,
Three) sending affordable medication;
Four) constructing medical hospitals in poor countries equipped with:
useful electronic equipmentís,
sending lab well-trained technicians and acknowledged doctors who are willing to contribute their lives for the sake of helping others,
Five) sending clothes;
Cold countries send unwanted winter clothes to cold poor countries;
Hot countries send unwanted summer clothes to hot poor countries;
Six) sending food;
- Volunteering countries send foods that they are specialized in;
Seven) supporting researchers financially and emotionally to urge the sooner rather than the later discover of a cure for AIDS;
7. Further resolves that the UNESCO, FAO, and HHFA should:
a)provide a permanent shelter to the citizens in which;
- lost their homes due to natural disasters
- people in which donít even have a home "homeless"
Two) organize jobs for the citizens;
- Farming crops
- Small businesses depending on their national crafts
One) provide free education until the country could afford private schools;
- well-educated people who volunteer to teach young children,
- teach the students the causes and affects of AIDS, and what could the children do to try to prevent it if their still not suffering from it,
- schools for adults even if they just learn few basic things, which might help them through life,
- put signs about AIDS, put them as a comic column so people who canít read can figure it out through the pictures,
d) Grow more specialized crops in poor countries so:
- they could benefit themselves from it,
- get money from their exports.
Sara Al-Dukair 10C
Honorable chair, fellow delegates, most distinguished guests, and worthy timekeeper, good morning. The Central African Republic stands before you today in seek of a brighter future.
From the sounds of lions roaring so loud, so loud that you think your eardrum has a hole right in the middle, to the sounds of people moaning and groaning out of pain. A pain in which breaks a heart in half, a painthat has already affected nearly 20 million of our African population. Itís a kind of pain that stays with you forever and ever and whatever you do it wonít leave you. It wonít leave not because it wants you but because there is nothing to push it away from you. Despite humanitarian purposes, AIDS has increased rapidly through our society. The Central African Republic calls upon present countries to work together to fight this deadly crisis with available solutions.
Central African Republic accomplished many things in CACMUN. In the event we discussed three issues that are very important to all nations. The first issue was about the question of the role of the UN regarding intervention in a state or a region for humanitarian purposes. The second issue was the question of developing an international legal code to deal with criminal activity on the Internet. The third issue was having a peace agreement between Palestine and Israel. The issue which mostly concerned Central African Republic was the role of the UN regarding intervention in a state or region for humanitarian purposes. Unfortunately only one resolution was passed for this issue. I can't say that I fully agreed on the whole resolution because several points were against my own country's policy. I sent two amendments but none of them were looked at by the chair. I admit that on the first day of the event I didn't talk at all, but I raised my placard a few times but I wasn't chosen. Central African Republic had a great advantage because I was seated in a great spot, but I didn't use that advantage very much. Central African Republic voted for that resolution after the amendments. On the second issue which was the question of developing an international legal code to deal with criminal activity on the Internet. Two resolutions were submitted on this issue. The first one was pretty weak because of the unexplained gaps it had. The second resolution was strong and useful. I talked for this resolution and I was open to unlimited points of information. The third issue was about Palestine and Israel, and two resolutions were submitted on the issue itself. Two resolutions were also represented on this topic. I was against this resolution. I asked Israel one question. This resolution ended being trashed because it was written by Israel and the United States of America, and the co-submitters took off their names. Unexpectedly, even the two main submitters took off their names. The resolution ended up being with no submitters. The second issue was a fair resolution, which I think Israel could vote for even if Palestine submitted it. On this issue I had several points of information, but because the chair mostly focused on calling Israel and Palestine I didn't have a chance to ask anything. Therefore, I believe that this past event was successful and I think all delegates learned something new. I know it was a short period of time but it was a useful experience.