Country: The People's Republic of Iran

Event: CACMUN 2000

Student: Hessa Oathman

 

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The Iranian National Anthem

The Words in Iranian script:


Iranian words in transliteration:

Sarzad as ofogh
mehr-e-khavaran
foroogh-e-deedeye hagh bavaran
Bahman farre eeman-e-mast

payamat ey emam esteghlal azadi
naghsh-e-jan-e-mast

Shaheedan peecheedeh dar khoon-e-jahan faryadetan
payandeh maeey-o-javedan
Jumhuriyyeh Eslamiye Iran.

The Islamic Republic of Iran

I. Country Profile


Iran

Country Profile

 

Political Structure:

Iran has been an Islamic theocracy since the Pahlavi monarchy regime was overthrown on Feb. 11, 1979. The president of Iran is elected by the civilians. Iran follows a legal system that supports the Constitution that confides Islamic principles of government. The suffrage age is 15 age and above; universal. The judicial branch is the Supreme Court. Iran has no political parties, it, however, has groups that support the Islamic Republic, and is following the laws of the Quran as their first source of judgement and tradition. Iran has no diplomatic representation in the US. Not from the US. However, is participates in the international organizations: CCC, CP, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, G-19, G-24, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM, OIC, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WMO, and WTO. Iran has a strong political structure that is now growing also stronger. The whole of Iran's policy is changing to the better where everything is growing more to the left wing.

Natural Resources:

Iran's natural resources are so many. Some of it's famous ones are: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, and sulfur.

Cultural Factors:

Iran has a quite unique cultural structure. It has a lot of ethnic groups; Persian 51%, Azerbaijani 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd %, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, and the others represent only 1%. It has six general religions practices within it's land; Shi'a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 10%, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 1%. The languages spoken in Iran are: Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1% and other languages 1%. They all get along most of the times excluding the usual, natural internal conflicts.

Defense:

Iran's military branches are: Islamic Republic of Iran regular forces (includes Ground Forces, Navy, Air Defense Forces), Revolutionary Enforcement. It's Military manpower is of 21-years-old and older.

According to official Iranian data, Iran budgeted 8,283.8 billion rials for defense in 1997. After rural efforts to smoothen relations with Iraq and the USA fruitlessly.

Geography:

Iran, a Middle Eastern country, south of the Caspian Sean and north of the Persian Gulf, is three times the size of Arizona. It shares borders with Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Turkmenisatan, Armenia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. In general, the country is a plateau averaging 4,000 feet (1,219 m) in elevation. There are also maritime lowlands along the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. The Elburz Mountains in the north rise to 18,603 feet (5,670 m) at Mount Damavend. From northwest to southeast, the country is crossed by a desert 800 miles (1,287 km) long. Iran's climate is mostly arid or semiarid, and subtropical alone the Caspian cost. Iran's capital is Tehran.

Views on World Problems:

In the past, Iran has had a "blunder" or "misunderstanding" with Iraq, where Iraq had forced through and into Iran's boundaries. Iran was never Iraq's best friend, but Iraq didn't want to be friends. Iran encouraged the revolting of the Shia in their claim of rights and supported them. Iran has better relations with Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, but recently, the United States of America seems to condemn Iran for some prejudice reason. Iran pointed out in it's last legislative meeting that it will work on this problem. As with the UK, Iran has good communication, but bad trustworthy. The UK doesn't trust Iran, and vice versa.

As for all the other Arabian countries, they have this now fading image about Iran growing out of its terrorist picture, and become more known as a peaceful countries, so everything is falling in place.

Economy:

Iran's economy is a mixture of central planning, state ownership of oil and other large enterprises, village agriculture, and small-scale private trading and service ventures (to the left of the wing). Newly elected President KHATAMI has continued to follow the market reform plans of former President RAFSANJANI and has indicated that he will pursue diversification of Iran's oil-reliant economy. In the early 1990's, Iran experienced a financial crisis and was forced to reschedule $15 billion in debt. The strong oil market in 1996 helped ease financial pressure on Iran and allowed for Tehran's timely debt service payments. Iran's financial situation tightened in 1997 and early 1998 because of lower oil prices. Iran may be forced to decrease imports and slow debt repayments if the oil market worsens further.

Unemployment rate is more than 30% estimated on 1998's counting. It's industries are specialized in petroleum, petrochemicals, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar referring and vegetable oil production), metal fabricating, and armaments. Iran's agriculture products are based on wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar. Iran's currency is Iranian rials. 10 Iranian rials equal 1 toman; note. Domestic figures are generally referred to in terms of the toman.

History:

The sporadic war with Iraq regained momentum in 1980, as Iran launched off an offensive in March and regained much of the border area occupied by Iraq in late 1980. The war with Iraq lasted till 1988. Iraq offered to cease the war, but Iran insisted that it will not cease till the Iraq paid for the loss and till the Iraqi government was punished for it's childish actions.

Khomeini died in 1989, and Ayatollah Khamenei succeeded him as the supreme leader. By early 1991, the Islamic revolution appeared to have lost much of it's military. Attempting to revive a stagnant economy, President Rafsanjani took measures to decentralize the command system and introduce free-market mechanisms.

Mohammed Khatami, a little-known moderate cleric, former newspaperman, and national librarian, won the presidential election with 70% of the vote on May 23, 1997, a stunning voctory over the conservative ruling elite. Khatami has supported greater social and political freedoms, and has made overtures for friendlier relations with the West.

His steps at liberalizing the strict clerical, rule governing the country has put him at odds with the supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei. In 1998, Tehran mayor Gholam-Hossein Karbaschi, a strong supporter of Khatami's liberalization process, was sentenced to prison for embezzlement. Many saw this as a politically motivated attack aimed at Khatami.

In September 1998, Iran deployed thousands of troops on it's border with Afghanistan after the Taliban admitted killing eight Iranian diplomats and journalists.

In July 1999, pro-democracy students held a demonstration to protest the closure of a reformist newspaper, however, the riot resulted in the arrest of more than 1,000 students.

In February 2000, supporters of Khatami won 170 seats in the 290-seat parliament, thereby gaining control of the parliament, which had been run by hard-liners since the 1979 Islamic revolution. Hard0liners win a mere 44 seats, and an additional 65 seats will be decided in the run-offs.

 

Policy Statements

The question of the role of the UN regarding the intervention in a state or a region for humanitarian purposes.

Iran is TOTALLY AGAINST this issue because Iran believes that ISLAM is the better rule for everyone, and everything has a solution. Iran, as an Islamic republic is also against this issue because Iran believes that it is a lame excuse to "enter" a country and "interrupt" the country. Iran strongly believes that each country has the right to "deal" with it's own problems alone, and that there is no necessity to enter a country and deal its problems when the entering country has enough problems itself. Iran would not even mention the country that included this issue in this meeting's subjects of resolution.

The question of developing an International League Code to deal with criminal activity on the Internet such as hacking, pornography, viruses, etc…

Iran is WITH this issue because believes that the "unpure" usage of the Internet must be stopped and the illegal activity must be ceased. Iran states that Islam FORBIDS pornography of all states outside of a wife-husband relationship and STRICTLY FORBIDS the practice. Iran also believes that the criminals have to be charges and vigorously prosecuted. Iran URGES that all porn sites be banned and all illegal activity be stopped.

Whether Palestine should have full voting rights.

Iran is supporting this issue because Iran believes in rights and peace. Since Palestine is an Islamic brother, then Iran will support Palestine all the way. Palestine is a state with its liberty and has to be counted as a country and be accepted in the UN as one. Iran votes with this issue for lots of reasons, but most likely because Palestine is an Islamic brother country…

 

 

Delegation of IRAN

Delegate : Hessa Oathman

RESOLUTION ON ISSUE #3:

Defining Palestine's suffer as torture, harm, kill, depression, loss, physical and mental abuse, disability…

Contemplating Palestine's pain for over 40 years now,

Having heard that the UN is willing to consider Palestine's full UN membership,

Bearing in mind that Palestine is not free of a war enemy Israel, however, is a state of full liberty,

Taking into account the UN's rules for UN membership, which states that the country should be liberal,

Emphasizing Palestine's need for the UN's help in every category possible,

Noting with regret Palestine's newest suffering from wounds and sickness of thousands and also the death of 19 in a shoot out, not to mention the very newest Israeli violation of human rights, the slaughter of a 12-year-old and many citizens shortly after in defense of their and others' lives,

Noting with deep regret that the only country who can substantially help is busy satisfying 2/3 of it's government, the Jews,

Recalling resolution #242 on this same issue, and documentation of Israeli repression in Palestine released by the Embassy of Kuwait in Washington DC, dated February 19, 2000, subjected by secretary ambassador, Sameeh Hayat, that states that Israel is violating Palestine in Palestine's international boundaries,

Emphasizing that Palestine is a country of people, land, and labor, and should not be considered as any other,

Bearomg in mind all the animal-like behavior of Israeli invaders, and destroyers of peace in the region.

1. Urges all countries to think of this issue as a desperate humanitarian issue in need of resolving,

2. Deplores the seeing of the pain brother Palestine is experiencing and has already stressfully endured for a long period of time,

3. Calls upon all countries to understand Palestine's needs and help with aids and Iran volunteers to send all possible nessicitees to Palestine soon as possible.

4. Urges all countries to take a stand and help because not only will this help Palestine, but also, the country's image,

A) If secrecy should be involved than it shall,
i) Iran is willing, as a country of great people, to receive all aids from countries who want to claim secrecy and send them to Palestine,

B) All countries that help will have a higher standard when spoken of, and will be well credited,

C) All kinds of aids will be received and sent to Palestine:

i) military aids

ii) medical aids

iii) other forms of aids

5. Requests financial aid from the IMF and other countries for Palestine,

6. Further resolves that Palestine enters the UN as a member with full voting rights.

 

 

 

 

Opening Speech…

There is a message that should run free. As for the issues that will be discussed, Iran will participate as a faithful delegation in this meeting and will maintain peace, as it always did. Iran is a country ruled by God’s law!.

Of the three interesting issues that will be discussed in this fine day, Iran would like to put the spotlights on the issue that states: "The Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes." Iran would like to oppose the idea intervening for humanitarian purposes, and would like to emphasize that the whole world, from the US to the UK, from Russia to China, from France to Philippines, from Malaysia to Thailand, from the East Pacific to the West Pacific, should not support this issue. It will only intervene, in other words, interrupt with the countries' businesses. It is not only against national sovereignty, but it's also against the international laws in the Declaration of Human Rights, to internationally "intervene" in a country's business. Iran urges all countries to go against this issue because it will simply do no good. It will fail. We believe that any resolution may be a plot from a certain country, which we will not name, that likes to interfere the business of other countries!

Iran strongly believes that this issue is worldwide and in need of solution, but now like this…by intervention?




CACMUN PERFORMANCE PARAGRAPH



In CACMUN, Iran participated as a member of the GA. Because of health problems, Iran wasn't able to show it's full ability of performing. Iran was against the issue of intervention for humanitary purposes without a country's approval nor with a UN resolution as it is against the UN charter. The second issue, about Palestin and Israel's long-term crisis, was indeed an interesting one. Iran spoke twice on this issue, going against the first one by Israel and supporting the resolution by the PNA (Palestine). The third issue was indeed an interesting one too. It was about the internet usage and the prosecution of hackers. Iran was with both resolutions that were intertained in this issue. Rakkan Al-Bahar, the honorable delegate of Hungary presented a well spelled out and successful resolution. Iran applauded all the efforts that were voices in the CACMUN 2000 meeting. Iran spoke three times in the whole CACMUN 2000 meeting once on every issue.