Event: CACMUN 2000
Student: Hamad Al SalehLinks to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2000-2001 Team page
Portugalís Country Profile
Portugal is governed under a constitution promulgated in 1976 and revised in 1982. Although the constitution initially called for the creation of a "classless" state based on public ownership of land, natural resources, and the principal means of production, this socialist language was stricken in 1989. The right to strike and the right of assembly are guaranteed, and censorship and the death penalty are proscribed.
Legislative power is vested in a unicameral parliament, the Assembly of the Republic. Members of the Assembly are elected under a system of proportional representation and serve four-year terms. The Assembly had a total of 230 seats in the early 1990s.
The judicial system in Portugal is headed by the Supreme Court, which is made up of a president and 29 judges. Below the Supreme Court are courts of appeal and ordinary and special district courts.
The most valuable of Portugal's natural resources are its minerals. Much of this wealth was not developed until after World War II . Among the mineral resources are coal, copper, gold, iron ore, kaolin, tin, and wolframite, which is a source of tungsten. Although a substantial segment of the population supports itself by agriculture, the land is not particularly suited to this occupation. The plants and animals of Portugal are virtually identical with those of Spain. The most abundant trees are the evergreen oak, cork oak, poplar, and olive. Grapevines flourish in the arid soil, and port wine from Oporto and Madeira wine from Madeira are world famous. Wild animals include the wolf, lynx, wildcat, fox, wild boar, wild goat, deer, and hare. Birdlife and insects abound. Portugal also has an abundance of waterpower resources in its rivers and mountain streams.
The Portuguese are a combination of several ethnic elements, principally Iberians, Romans, Visigoths, and later Moors. The people still live in rural villages. Roman Catholicism is the faith of more than 94 percent of the Portuguese people. The constitution guarantees freedom of religion, and some Protestant churches have been established. The official language of the country is Portuguese. Portuguese culture is closely related to Spanish culture and has been influenced by the three primary cultures from which it derives: the Latin, the Visigoth , and the Muslim.
Portugal, a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, has modern, well-equipped armed forces. Military service is compulsory for male citizens for terms of 16 to 24 months. In the late 1980s the armed forces numbered about 75,300 peopleó44,000 in the army, 16,100 in the navy, and 15,200 in the air force.
Portugal is located in southwestern Europe, situated in the western portion of the Iberian Peninsula, bounded on the north and east by Spain and on the south and west by the Atlantic Ocean. The Azores and the Madeira Islands in the Atlantic are autonomous regions of Portugal, considered integral parts of the republic. The total area of Portugal, including the Azores and the Madeira Islands, is 92,082-sq km. Portugal has one overseas territory, Macau in eastern Asia near Hong Kong. The capital and largest city of Portugal is Lisbon.
The climate varies according to altitude, and high temperatures occur only in the comparatively low regions of the south. The mean annual temperature north of the Douro River is about 10į C between the Tagus and Douro, about 15.6į C and in the valley of the Guadiana, about 18.3įC. Rainfalls are considered heavy, particularly in the north.
The Portuguese economy grew by 5.3 percent annually during 1965 to 1980, the economic growth rate slowed to less than 1 percent during the 1980s, and Portugal remains the least developed nation in Western Europe. The country's gross national product in the late 1980s was $29.6 billion, or about $2890 per capita. The estimated annual budget in the late 1980s included $8 billion in revenue and $11.1 billion in expenditure.
The history of Portugal is inseparable from that of Spain. Present-day Portugal became a part of the Roman province of Lusitania in the 2nd century BC. In the 5th century AD control of the region passed to the Visigoths, and in the 8th century it was included in the area of Moorish Muslim conquest. In 997 the territory between the Douro and Minho rivers northern was retaken from the Moors by Bermudo II, king of Le*n, and in 1064 the reconquest was completed as far south as present-day Coimbra by Ferdinand I, king of Castile and Le*n. The reconquered districts were then organized into a feudal county, composed of Spanish fiefs. Portugal later derived its name from the northernmost fief, the Comitatus Portaculenis, which extended around the old Roman seaport of Portus Cale.
In 1093 Henry of Burgundy came to the assistance of Castile when it was invaded by the Moors. In gratitude Alfonso I of Castile made Henry count of Portugal. On the death of Alfonso in 1109, Count Henry, and later his widow, Teresa, refused to continue feudal allegiance to Le*n. He invaded Le*n and began a series of peninsular wars, but with little success. In 1128 his son, Alfonso Henriques, later Alfonso I, king of Portugal, rebelled against his mother. The Portuguese knights accepted Alfonso as king in 1143, and in 1179 the pope recognized the independence of Portugal.
Views on World Problems:
Portugal plays a certain role in the world. It is a member in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, United Nations, and the European Trade Association.
1. Humanitarian Aid
Portugal remains the least developed nation in Western Europe. Although the Portuguese economy grew by 5.3 percent annually during 1965 to 1980, the economic growth rate slowed to less than 1 percent during the 1980s; in the period 1990-1996 the gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an annual average of 1.4 percent. GDP in 1996 was $104 billion (Britannica CD 99). Including forestry and fishing, engages 18 percent of the working population and accounts for 4 percent of GDP. Chief crops and production figures for 1997 were vegetables such as tomatoes (2.0 million metric tons), fruit such as grapes and olives (2.0 million), root crops such as potatoes (1.4 million), and cereal grains such as maize and wheat (1.4 million). Portugal is one of the worldís leading producers of wine and olive oil. Livestock numbered 1.3 million cattle, 6.2 million sheep, 2.3 million pigs, and 31 million poultry(Encarta 99).
2. Criminalityon the Internet
Portugal is with banding the criminal activities on the Internet. Portugal is against any activity on the Internet that has caused harm to other Internet users, such as hacking, pornography, and viruses etc. Portugal is a country of the new world. It is with the rights of any working hard citizen that his work doesnít go not rewarded.
3. Palestine's Voting Rights
Portugal is absolutely with the idea that if Palestine should vote as a full voting power for the UN. All individuals should have the right to express their political beliefs and opinions without fear. Portugal is with human rights, we must respect others for us to be respected. Portugal is respecting the right of Palestine because Palestine has the right to say its opinion and belief.
Question of: Developing an International Legal Code to Deal With Criminal
Activity on the Internet (WWW) such as Hacking, Pornography, Viruses, ect.
Defining: Criminal Activity on the internet as any activity on the internet that has caused harm to other internet users, such as: hacking, viruses, pornography, ect(Encarta 99) .
Deeply Concerned: By the fact there are no laws that protect the rights of the people on the internet because it a new thing and people are new with it and donít see it as a major thing.
Fully Alarmed: By the criminal activity on the internet, that has, until now cost big companies and many people a total of hundreds of millions of dollars(Time).
Bearing mind: is that if no country does anything to do some thing about the criminal activity on the internet, then the situation after a few years will be out of control and will be close to disaster.
Believing: that pornography is a criminal activity on the internet for the following reasons:
Realizing: that viruses, in the past years have caused chaos and hundreds of million dollars of losses(Time).
Portugalís Opening Speech
Honorable chair person, respecful delegates, and helpful administration staff, good morning. Portugal is a self-govering country it is republic in southwestern Europe, situated in the western portion of the Iberian Peninsula, bounded on the north and east by Spain and on the south and west by the Atlantic Ocean.
Iím glad to be here, I would like to thank every one for coming. Itís a beautiful morning the birds are singing, the weather is refreshing, the treeís are moving left and right. Iím honored to be with you and among you. Portugal welcomes every country a warm welcome.
Portugalís Performance Paragraph
Portugal had a great impact in the CACMUN. Portugal co-submitted with Hungary in the resolution on issue 2. Portugal did that because its friends and looking for a good relation with Hungary. Portugal is trying to be like the other European countries but its not doing well in that. Portugal was with the resolution of Isreal because the UK, USA, France and the other countries are with it. Portugal stated that it was with the resolution only if Isreal is willing peace. Portugal is with the UK in issue 1 because Portugal wants a good relationship with the UK. Portugal had great experience in the CACMUN and will do better in the up coming MUNís. Even though the chair didnít allow Portugal to ask more that two questions in the whole debate.