EVENT: CACMUN 2000
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General Assembly and Security Council
Argentina: SC clauses
Bangladesh GA: Natural Disasters
Bangladesh SC: SC Clauses
Bosnia: Military Intervention in a Crisis
Central African Republic: AIDS
Hungary: Internet Regulation
New Zealand: Internet Regulation
Romania: Aid to the Former Soviet States
South Korea: Humanitarian Intervention
Sudan: Setting Tighter Rules for Humanitarian Intervention Palestine
UK: SC Clauses
Committee: The General Assembly
Delegate: Sukaina Fakhral-Deen
Question of: The Question of the Admittance of Palestine into the United Nations as a Full Voting Member.
Believing that Palestine has every right to enter the UN, and like all of us a country, an Arab country, and like all other Arab countries that had their rights to enter the UN.
Keeping in mind that all Arab countries are brothers, stand by each other, defend their countryís rights;
Taking Note as Albert Einstein said: "Peace in Palestine and Israel cannot be achieved by force, but only through understanding," and that the country that is now in conflict with Palestine must by all means stand with Palestine and not against it.
Believes that Israel should leave the Palestinian territories, and it shouldnít have anything to do with them;
Alarmed by what is happening between Palestine and Israel, and the conflict that is going between them, noting that in UN resolution #242, it mentioned that Israel should leave occupied territories, in clause number one by saying "withdrawal of Israel armed forces from territories of recent conflict";
Expressing its appreciation to those who help Palestine, and to all those who were in favor for it to be approved by the UN to be part of it;
Fully Believing that Palestine is a country to be a Full Voting Member, to be part of the UN, because that is its right;
Emphasizing further that all member states signing the Oslo according in their acceptance of the UN have undertaken a promise to act in accordance with Palestine, and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in which every country in the area can live in security. Also the for the UN to play more active and expanded role in the current peace process and in the implementation of the declaration of principles.
1. Draws the Attention of the UN that Palestine is currently an observer, and that it is participating like a country;
2. Emphasizes that Palestine is and has been an active and respected observer for several years;
3.Affirms that the fulfillment of principles requires the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East, which should include the application of both the following principles:
One) withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories of recent conflict,
Two) termination of all claims or states of respect for and acknowledgement of the sovereignty , territorial integrity and political independence of every state in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force,
Three) the above mentioned clauses recognizes both Palestine and Israelis rights to exist as sovereign (own independence) nations,
4. Supports the Arab and foreign countries who stand by Palestine and are in favor of its drive to become a UN member by:
One) indicating Palestinian borders on maps (own territory),
Two) praising its strong government,
Three) recognizing the Palestinian flag,
5. Calls Upon the UN to give a chance to Palestine to be a Fully Voting Member, and also upon all countries not to provide Israel with any assistance to be used specifically in connection with settlements in the Occupied Territories;
a) an immediate withdrawal of Israeli troops in compliance with resolution #242.
b) the UN to give Palestine an opportunity to be a UN member, and to
c) countries to help Palestine, and to help it get its own secure territory;
7. Further resolves that all measures taken by Israel to change the physical character, demographic composition, institutional structure of status of the Palestinian and other Arab countries territories, and that Israel should leave Palestine and its territories alone.
Question Of: The Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes
Defining "humanitarian purposes" as any situation that has people who live in a poor condition due to natural disasters, diseases, or civil wars,
Expressing Its Appreciation to many organizations and committees that helped in humanitarian issues concerning natural disasters such as the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Disaster and Assessment Coordination (UNDAC), and especially, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA),
Noting With Regret that some natural disasters caused a tremendous loss of life such as the unprecedented flood that hit Bangladesh in 1998, and led to affecting more than 31 million people, according to the government of Bangladesh,
Noting with Concern the fact the floods that hit Italy and Switzerland in October 16,17 caused many damages,
Viewing With Appreciation the efforts of the UNAIDS with the AIDS, and the efforts of other organizations in dealing with diseases,
Noting With Deep Concern that as of the end of 1999, the UNAIDS report finds that an estimated 34.3 million people worldwide -- 33.0 million adults and 1.3 million children younger than 15 years -- were living with HIV/AIDS. More than 71 percent of these people (24.5 million) live in Sub-Saharan Africa; another 16 percent (5.6 million) live in South and Southeast Asia. (UNAIDS. Report on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic: June 2000).
1. Regrets that the huge loss of life caused by natural disasters is increasing despite efforts from the OCHA to decrease them,
2. Supports the OCHA and asks it to continue its efforts regarding natural disasters,
3. Draws the Attention to the increasing number of people that are affected with HIV/AIDS, especially in Africa,
4. Demands that the functions of the OCHA be expanded, starting form June 2001, so that it contains:
a) an HIV/AIDS department, which will:
i) provide medical assistance to all countries whom the UNAIDS proved to have 5% or more of its population infected with HIV/AIDS, and only if the country requests such help,
ii) build well-equipped hospitals in regions which the OHCA deems necessary through its research, under the following stipulation:
- No more than one hospital can be built per 50,000 square kilometers,
iii) recruit doctors and nurses from NGOs and volunteer groups, and granting them salaries depending on the number of hours they work, under the following stipulation:
- The OHCA shall decide the salary for the doctors and nurses,
b) to increase the relief and assistance in regions where more than 500,000 people are affected by natural hazards and environmental disasters, especially floods, and the assistance will be through:
i) assisting the citizens who are affected by:
- coordinating with the countryís government on building temporary shelters until the affected people are ready for self-dependency.
- providing them with the necessary food
ii) granting the country which has been affected the necessary financial assistance, to deal with the problem, under the supervision of the OCHA,
(c) a drug department, which will:
i) build well-equipped hospitals and intoxication centers, or will increase the role of hospitals that are already built in countries who are proven to have more than 15% of its citizens that are addicts by the OCHA,
5. Strongly Urges the U.N. should increase the OCHAís budget by 10% so that it could accomplish the expand of functions that are shown in clause 4,
6. Urges all nations that can help, and especially the developed ones, to donate the OCHA and to give it money in all possible ways,
7. Calls Upon every country and organization to give its full support to the OCHA and to help it in every possible way.
Forum: General Assembly (ECOSOC)
Delegate: Nada Al Abduljader
Issue: The question of the Role of the UN regarding the Intervention in a region or state for Humanitarian Purposes.
DefiningDrugs as "a chemical or other substance that alters the function of an organism,"
Believing that all countries worldwide of drug abuse and should find a cure to solve such problems caused in a society from drugs,
Keeping in mind that all countries around the world practically have drug problems and they have the right to be able to cooperate with other countries to solve these problems and create a better self-sufficient society,
Fully alarmed that drug problems are growing in all nations, since
àCNN Reported that the percentage of drug addicts are growing rapidly,
Welcoming the idea of showing countries the harms of drugs and how bad they can be and to tolerate the amount of drugs being used around the world,
Expecting all countries to pay attention to all problems that may occur because of drugs and try to solve them in a way that would not harm any other country and would keep countries society peaceful and harmless,
(One) the importance of drug awareness in all countries, rich or poor.
(Two) the rapid rising the number of drug addicts/dealers are.
3-Regrets the misuse of drugs around the world;
4- Recommends that all countries should aware their people about the harm drugs can cause through:
(One) Articles in magazines, newspapers, handouts, etc.
(Two) TV shows.
(Three) Forming a drug awareness month/week.
5- Sustains the role of the UN regarding the intervention in a state/region due Humanitarian Purposes;
6- Urges all countries in creating a powerful law that will strongly punishes/penalty exporting and business of drugs, which will eventually:
One) increase the numbers of drug dealers
Two) increase the numbers of drug addicts
Three) increase the numbers of drug planting
7- Further urges that all nations makes a change in curriculums that are taught in schools,
where there would be topics that encourages drug awareness, and thatís by:
One) Educating teenagers on the effect of drugs acting on:- the bodies health
- addicts social lives
- economical balance
Two) Applying drug awareness in school curriculums in several subjects like:
- General Science, that would
a.Teach the students about the effects of drugs on the body.
- Psychology and Social Studies, where students will learn:
b.?the effects of drugs on the mind
c.?the effects of drugs on social life.
- Advisories, Homerooms, and life skills electives, where students will be:
d. ?learning general information about drugs and its effectse. ?hold activities that would help with the awareness of drugs, like ?going and visiting drugs institutes, where drug addicts would talk to them and conscious them about this serious issue.
Three) making suitable places for teenagers to spend their spare hours in, so there wonít be a chance for the youth to think or go on drugs, like:
- sports clubs, which would help with:
a.?activating the body
b.?health of the youths
c.?carry drug dealers/addicts away from thinking about drugs
Four) planting in our youthís souls valuable morals and humanitarian values like:
- religious lessons, that will show them what is right and what is wrong, and what is good or bad so that out youth would know that drugs is something wrong and bad8- Fully believing that International cooperation and the UN intervention is the only way to solve the problems that roots from the drug issue;
9- Further resolves that the United Nations would consider this resolution and intervene for drug issues in countries all around the world, since it is a severe case that is destroying all nations.
Delegation: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Committee: The General Assembly
Delegate: Tareq Al Rubei
ISSUE #1: The Question of the role of the UN regarding intervention in a state or a region for humanitarian purposes
Defining Humanitarian intervention as a "military operation whose primary purpose is the relief of human suffering. This distinguishes such efforts from peace keeping, whose basic goal is monitoring political and military accords; and from large-scale, warfare, in which relief of human suffering is a goal secondary to strategic, economic and political concerns.",
Noting with deep regret the UNís hesitation and indecisiveness in dealing with past humanitarian mishaps such as the one in the former Yugoslavia,
Having Studied the UN Charter particularly Article 1 and 34, the Declaration, the Geneva Convention, the UN Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide, and the 1951 Convention on Refugees which all help in understanding the meaning of necessary intervention,
Believing that in the case of emergencies and natural disasters, the UN would intervene if it were called upon by the nation suffering,
Fully Believing that human lives are much more important than political policies which would prevent the UN from intervening in the cases of ethnic cleansing and human bloodbaths,
1. Supports the UN for learning from its past mistakes; intervening successfully in:
a) Kosovo and Serbia,
b) East Timor and Indonesia,
2. Calls Upon the UN to immediately intervene in a state or region in the cases of:
a) ethnic cleansing in situations such as Bosnia and Kosovo,
b) human Massacres,
c) unjust dictatorial regimes that practice:
i. promotion of ethnic hatred,
ii. discriminatory acts against one particular side (ethnic group) in a conflict,
d) armed conflicts or war,
e) after effects of natural disasters,
f) famine resulting from civil disorder,
g) invasion of a country,
3. Further Recommends that the UN should intervene in manners such as:
a) inforcing UN military troops to restore peace in war areas,
i. if the national forces fail to restore order,
ii. if the national forces act as a bias towards a particular side in a conflict,
b) offering financial and medical aid to nations suffering from natural disasters aftermaths,
4. Reminds that the human life should be the priority in dealing with UN interventions,
5. Confirms that the UN is a capable international mediating body, which is always willing to intervene in any state or region under the conditions of clause two,
6. Condemns the UNís past experiences in carrying out needed humanitarian intervention in states or regions such as Rwanda, Somalia, and Bosnia as a result of hesitation and indecisiveness fearing the UN infringement on sovereignty,
7. Further Proclaims that the sovereignty of a nation is not more important than the life of the people in the nation,
Forum: General Assembly
Delegation: Central African Republic
Delegate: Sara Al-Dukair
Issue #1: The Question of the role of the UN regarding the Intervention in a region or state for Humanitarian Purposes.
Defining "intervention" as a financial aid supporting the help for poor countries;
Pointing out that According to CNNís program "AIDS in Africa" which premiered on Sunday 1st of October, showed that AIDS is a humanitarian disaster in which 20 million African are predicted to die;
Deeply concerned that African countries canít do enough by themselves about this disease;
Bearing in mind that According to CNNís program "AIDS in Africa" which premiered on Sunday 1st of October, reported that 73% of the African population are suffering from AIDS;
1.Affirms that the reason why people are affected by AIDS in Africa is mostly due to natural disasters and poverty;
2.Calls upon the United Nations to strongly and financially support the IMF in carrying out its efforts of preventing AIDS in different countries around the world of which Africa is known to be a major one, because what their doing isnít good enough;
3. Urges the help of the media to:
One) put cover pages about life in Africa;
Two) television commercials about how Africans are living;
Three) radio station should :
- put a certain telephone number for pledges,
- remind listeners how they can help other people ,
- extra attention to this problem when a famous show is on air,
Four) public lectures;
Five) add more educational programs to:
- make people emotionally disturbed to urge them to try to do something,
Six) posters everywhere in color to attract people;
Seven) magazines should :
- write articles to ask readers to submit ideas to solve this problem,
4. Notes that the fewer people are affected with AIDS, the fewer problems like:
One) costs (ex. Medication, hospitalization),
Two) diseases and infections,
Three) less number of people who die,
5. Expressing its appreciation to all committees and countries for their help and support, and wish to resolve this issue at sometime;
6. Resolves that first world countries with a GPD larger than $50 billion, should help with major roles in the campaign against AIDS by:
One) donating money to poor countries, 0.2% of their income;
Two) holding fundraisers about AIDS around the world, and sending the money to countries that;
- are in war,
- have natural disasters,
Three) sending affordable medication;
Four) constructing medical hospitals in poor countries equipped with:
- useful electronic equipmentís,
- sending lab well-trained technicians and acknowledged doctors who are willing to contribute their lives for the sake of helping others,
Five) sending clothes;
- Cold countries send unwanted winter clothes to cold poor countries;
- Hot countries send unwanted summer clothes to hot poor countries;
Six) sending food;
- Volunteering countries send foods that they are specialized in;
Seven) supporting researchers financially and emotionally to urge the sooner rather than the later discover of a cure for AIDS;
7. Further resolves that the UNESCO, FAO, and HHFA should:
a)provide a permanent shelter to the citizens in which;
- lost their homes due to natural disasters
- people in which donít even have a home "homeless"
Two) organize jobs for the citizens;
- Farming crops
- Small businesses depending on their national crafts
One) provide free education until the country could afford private schools;
- well-educated people who volunteer to teach young children,
- teach the students the causes and affects of AIDS, and what could the children do to try to prevent it if their still not suffering from it,
- schools for adults even if they just learn few basic things, which might help them through life,
- put signs about AIDS, put them as a comic column so people who canít read can figure it out through the pictures,
d) Grow more specialized crops in poor countries so:
- they could benefit themselves from it,
- get money from their exports.
Delegate: Rakan Al-Bahar
Forum: General assembly
Question of: Developing an International Legal Code to Deal With Criminal Activity on the Internet (WWW) such as hacking, pornography, viruses, etc.
Defining hacking, as the event resulting from a computer fanatic who attempts to gain illegal and unauthorized access to systems in any part of the world;
Defining viruses as the "self-replicating code planted illegally in a computer program";
Noting that criminal activity on the Internet could be a vital exterminator of the technological and developmental world;
Aware of the consequences that result in the not taking a further act in solving the problem;
Deeply concerned in the freedom of surfing on the Internet, and what positive or negative affects it carries out. Meaning is it good or bad, and what ages is it suitable for,
Recognizing the promotion of the Internetís useful resources;
Bearing in mind that as the use of the revolutionary Internet increases, more and more solutions (technological advance) and crimes will come into view;
Noting with deep concern the loss of major banks have whom have been encountering problems with some clientsí accounts, for example NBH encountered one last year.
Noting with regret in the outburst of viruses created and sent daily;
Expressing its appreciation to Internet crime fighters, who protect and serve in different ways:
A- Anti-virus software,
B- Huge Internet companies who make sure everythingís safe on the Internet,
C- Web surfers who donít wonder into harmful and unhelpful sites,
Evidence: Employing anti-virus companies to do the job (Norton anti-virus);
Deeply distressed that pornography brings up unwanted costs, such as:
A- Destruction of innocent minds and thoughts,
B- Corruptions in behavior, especially children,
C- An inclination in the rate of prostitution, rape, and murder,
D- Country will no longer be a safe place to visit;
1. Declares that the Criminal Activity on the Internet will soon reach its peak, if Internet usage is not managed responsibly, according to statistics.
2. Emphasizes the mounting of fear hackers put on businesses;
3. Trusts all Internet service providers (ISPís) to take a cautious step toward hacking and viruses;
4. Urge Internet firms to help by means of:
A- Advertising against criminal activities,
B- Setting laws for violators,
C- Allow the UN to intervene;
5. Requests all countries to join and approve of the UNCAI, in order to initiate its role;
6. Further Requests all countries willing to donate their thoughts, ideas, funds, and trust to establish "The Internet Government Court":
A- Which will receive annual reports from the UNCAI,
B- Twelve chosen members from the UNCAI will judge the arising case;
7. Recommends all countries that have not yet faced the problem to be prepared, or take a further step by joining the UNCAI;
8. Expresses its hope that no more criminal activities will take place if everyone cooperates and realizes how this is such an important issue;
9. Resolves the establishment of the United Nations Criminal Activities on the Internet Organization (UNCAI). It will function by:
A- Placing stations in all countries that approve and are members of the UNCAI,
- Observing Internet activities and various transactions.
B- Permit the interference of the UNCAI in any member country by taking actions, necessary and in support of Internet security.
C- Have the UNCAI write its own legal code.
10. Further Resolves that the UNCAI will intervene in any member country during times of crisis under the conditions of part B of the ninth operative clause of this resolution.
Delegation of IRAN
Delegate : Hessa Oathman
RESOLUTION ON ISSUE #3:
Defining Palestine's suffer as torture, harm, kill, depression, loss, physical and mental abuse, disabilityÖ
Contemplating Palestine's pain for over 40 years now,
Having heard that the UN is willing to consider Palestine's full UN membership,
Bearing in mind that Palestine is not free of a war enemy Israel, however, is a state of full liberty,
Taking into account the UN's rules for UN membership, which states that the country should be liberal,
Emphasizing Palestine's need for the UN's help in every category possible,
Noting with regret Palestine's newest suffering from wounds and sickness of thousands and also the death of 19 in a shoot out, not to mention the very newest Israeli violation of human rights, the slaughter of a 12-year-old and many citizens shortly after in defense of their and others' lives,
Noting with deep regret that the only country who can substantially help is busy satisfying 2/3 of it's government, the Jews,
Recalling resolution #242 on this same issue, and documentation of Israeli repression in Palestine released by the Embassy of Kuwait in Washington DC, dated February 19, 2000, subjected by secretary ambassador, Sameeh Hayat, that states that Israel is violating Palestine in Palestine's international boundaries,
Emphasizing that Palestine is a country of people, land, and labor, and should not be considered as any other,
Bearing in mind all the animal-like behavior of Israeli invaders, and destroyers of peace in the region.
1. Urges all countries to think of this issue as a desperate humanitarian issue in need of resolving,
2. Deplores the seeing of the pain brother Palestine is experiencing and has already stressfully endured for a long period of time,
3. Calls upon all countries to understand Palestine's needs and help with aids and Iran volunteers to send all possible nessicitees to Palestine soon as possible.
4. Urges all countries to take a stand and help because not only will this help Palestine, but also, the country's image,
A) If secrecy should be involved than it shall,
i) Iran is willing, as a country of great people, to receive all aids from countries who want to claim secrecy and send them to Palestine,
B) All countries that help will have a higher standard when spoken of, and will be well credited,
C) All kinds of aids will be received and sent to Palestine:
i) military aids
ii) medical aids
iii) other forms of aids
5. Requests financial aid from the IMF and other countries for Palestine,
6. Further resolves that Palestine enters the UN as a member with full voting rights.
Delegation: The Republic of Liberia
Committee: The General Assembly
Delegate: Nasser Al-Shaya
ISSUE #1: The Question of the role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes
Affirms that part of the Human Rights Commission, particularly Africa, should be supported heavily in order to rescue the life of those dying from fatal diseases,
Believes that all different people that suffer from a plague, such as AIDS or HIV, should be granted instant aid from the UN and other supporting countries to stop the vast number of deaths that result from the lack of medical resources,
Deeply aware about the efforts that are produced by the UN and fellow organisations, but would like to point out the inefficient results that exhibit a minimal ratio of input gives versus the output produced,
Considers that the process of liberation from such diseases urges, automatically, all rich countries that can participate, in a monetary manner,
Convinced that the process of liberation is inevitable and irresistible, since people throughout the recent two decades fought with their lives as weak weapons to face this attack, thus for this crisis to stop, a beginning to funding and medical equipment should be set.
Strongly urges all countries to participate in funding, producing fee waived medications and sending human resources to treat those people whom are in need.
1.) Emphasizes the fact that the United Nations should stop any problem that occurs in any nation, especially a member of the organization, and held responsible to provide prompt help and aid of all sort for those whom are in deep nedd for.
2.) Authorizes the Military Staff Committee, headed by the UN, to inspect that all aid sent to the countries listed are in proper order and are reaching the people it is intended for.
3.) Requests all nations not to delay or disrupt the aiding process, so that the nations plagued will have a better recovery in order to prevent any death losses for the current situation.
4.) Urges all countries to send in aid or some sort to:
i.) help cure and extinct the disease,
ii.) increase productivity of the World and African population,
iii.) prevent the spreading of the disease more over new victims,
iv.) and most importantly focus our efforts and expenditure on other important issues, after dealing with this, that dominate the world every day in all terms to make the environment a better place to be and live in.
5.) Notes with appreciation the efforts of the UN, fellow countries, and committees for their help and support,
6.) Resolves that first world rich countries should participate monetarily in all campaigns held against AIDS and other fatal diseases.
Delegation: New Zealand
Delegate: Ghazi Al-Sharhan
FORUM: General Assembly
QUESTION OF: Developing an International Legal Code to Deal With Criminal Activity on the Internet (WWW) such as hacking, pornography, viruses, etc.
Defining Criminal Activity on the Internet as any activity on the Internet that has caused harm to other Internet users, such as: hacking, viruses, pornography, etc.
Defining Hacking as getting into someone else's computer system without permission in order to find out information or do something illegal.
Deeply Concerned by the fact that there are no laws that protect the rights of people on the Internet.
-Evidence # 1:A programmer had managed to hack into some top-secret government data.
Fully Alarmed by the criminal activity on the Internet, that has, until now, cost big companies and many people a total of hundreds of millions of dollars.
-Evidence # 1:hacking has become very widespread over the last decade.
Believing that pornography is a Criminal Activity on the Internet for the following reasons:
One. Pornography spoils the society.
Two. Pornography spreads confusing thoughts into the minds of innocent children.
Three. Pornography may and will effect peoplesí health because of what it spreads of weird thoughts.
Four. The weird thoughts that pornography spreads may and will affect peoplesí behavior as time goes by.
Realizing that viruses, in the past year, have caused chaos and losses up to hundreds of millions of dollars.
-Evidence # 1: As of 5:00 p.m. EDT(GMT-4) May 8, 2000, the CERT Coordination Center has received reports from more than 650 individual sites indicating more than 500,000 individual systems are affected with the "Love Bug" virus.
1. Proclaims that the Criminal Activity on the Internet is reaching a dangerous level.
2. Further Proclaims that countries should do something to cease and promote the Criminal Activity on the Internet.
3. Have Resolved to develop an International Legal Code to deal with Criminal Activity on the Internet. The details of the Code are:
One. If an individual(s) hacks into an ordinary P.C. and causes harm to it, then that individual(s) will spend 5 years in jail.
Two. If an individual(s) hacks into a special P.C. (ex. The main P.C. of the U.S. Ministry of Defense) and causes harms to it, then that individual(s) will spend 20 years in jail.
Three. If an individual(s) spreads a virus in 1,000 P.C. or less, then that individual(s) will spend 5 years in jail.
Four. If an individual(s) spreads a virus in between 1,000 and 1,000,000, then that individual(s) will spend 10 years in jail.
Five. If an individual(s) spreads a virus in 1,000,000 P.C. or more, then that individual(s) will spend 20 years in jail.
Six. If an individual(s) owns or constructs a Pornography web-site, then the web-site will be destroyed or deleted and that individual(s) will have a choice of either paying $10,000 or spending 2 years in jail.
*Note: that all prison or jail punishments will be done by the police themselves in the country of the convict. Also, the same police group will do the conviction of the convict.
4. Calls Upon the countries that already lost a lot of money because of the Criminal Activity on the Internet, and reminds them that this code will save your money by preventing any of those Criminal activities from happening again.
FORUM: General Assembly
QUESTION OF: The Question of the Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes.
DELEGATE: Hamad Al-Sultan
Defining "intervention" as a financial aid supporting the help for poor countries
Realizes that the United Nations has helped many others with their humanitarian purposes, and has succeeded
Deeply concerned that the people of Former Soviet Union countries cannot do enough without the United Nations help.
Disappointed because there is a high chance in which this resolution might fail.
Recalling the fact that the only reason that people are suffering affected by unemployment and diseases is because of poverty.
Concerned about the Former Soviet Union Countriesí people and other countries that have similar problems.
Very grateful to the UN for considering this resolution
Urges the UN Security Council to help the Former Soviet Union Countries' people by:
1-giving a loan to Former Soviet Union Countries in which
a) Many schools will be built.
1) Giving jobs to unemployed workers
b) More businesses can start.
c) More vaccines can be bought
1) Which will save the people against illnesses
2-Defending Former Soviet Union Countries until it can get back into place.
a) Fear of Russia has created a hostile environment in former Soviet Union countries.
b) Fear of the low amount of trading with other countries because of their communist background.
c) Help resolve the situation in which countries are suspecting that Former Soviet Union Countries' are still communists
3.expresses itís appreciation to all countries and committees that wish to help the people of the former Soviet Union.
4. Notes that the fewer the people that are affected by unemployment the fewer the problems.
a) Costs of medication
b) Costs of food
c) Costs of clothes
5 Urges the UN to help the Former Soviet Union Countries' people and to supply them for with what is needed.
6 Hopes all recognize Former Soviet Union Countries for its as a free country and not as a former communist country.
7 Wishes that the UN Security Council go over this Resolution
8 Resolves that Former Soviet Union Countries will be willing to cooperate with the U.N on everything
9.Guarantees that all the money that will be loaned shall be paid back
Delegation: The Republic of Korea
Committee: The General Assembly
Delegate: Mohammed Fakhral-Deen
ISSUE #1: The Question of the Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes
Reminds that, according to Kofi Annan -the Secretary General of the United Nations- the first United Nations peacekeeping operation was "an attempt to confront and defeat the worst in man with the best in man: to counter violence with tolerance, might with moderation, and war with peace. Since then, day after day, year after year, UN peacekeepers have been meeting the threat and reality of conflict, without losing faith, without giving in, without giving up";
Fully Believing that a sovereign nation has the right of calling upon the UN for aid and help in emergencies and natural disasters;
Noting that the UN has employed troops in past international situations and crises, meaning that it is not against UN regulations to do so;
Acknowledging the UNís intervention and efforts in all of the following situations:
a) 1950-53: first armed intervention by an international peacekeeping body, (the UN in the Korean War),
b) 1960-64: UN troops helped to maintain order in the Republic of the Congo,
c) 1964 & 1967: UN peacekeeping force arrived in Cyprus and helped avert a threatened Greek-Turkish war,
d) 1967: UN Emergency Force withdrew from the Egyptian-Israeli border at the request of Egypt; a six-day war followed, it ended after a UN truce was accepted,
e) 1992: a UN peacekeeping force was sent to Yugoslavia after the countryís disintegration, as the fighting continued, Yugoslaviaís membership in the UN was suspended,
f) 1998: UN sent peacekeeping force to East Timor, a state torn between independence and becoming Indonesian territory;
Draws Attention to Chapter VII of the UN Charter, which implies that the UN Security Council may take measures to deal with threats to peace, breaches of the peace and acts of aggression, even if it means resulting to the use of force;
1. Drawing attention to the fact that no major world war has occurred since the formation of the United Nations in 1945;
2. Strongly Affirms that the UN, as an international mediating body of the world, has the capabilities of aiding states and regions that require immediate support and relief;
3. Identifying the prerequisites for the success of UN intervention and peacekeeping missions/operations:
a) a genuine desire on the part of the warring parties to solve their differences peacefully,
b) a clear mandate,
c) strong political support by the international community, and
d) the provision of the resources necessary to achieve the operationís objectives;
4. Outlining the members, provisions, and requirements of a basic UN mission:
a) a Force Commander assigned by the Secretary General of the UN,
b) troops, civilian police, and other personnel contributed by Member States upon the request of the Secretary General,
c) supplies, equipment, transportation and logistical support secured from
Member States or from private contractors,
d) civilian support staff include personnel assigned from within the UN
system, loaned by Member States and individuals recruited internationally or locally to fill specific jobs;
5. Establishing a special committee called the United Nations Committee for Directing and Instructing Intervention Operations (UNCDIIO), and this committee Ė in all UN intervention operations Ė will be in charge of:
a) preventive deployment,
b) temporary administration or governance of a post-conflict region until the situation calms down, (to be decided by UNCDIIO officials),
c) protection of humanitarian assistance deliveries, which includes the protection of:
i) charitable/humanitarian aid material/substances:
ii) humanitarian support officials and personnel, and
d) helping in and contributing to the creation and maintenance of stable and secure environments for ongoing efforts to consolidate and strengthen the peace during a period or periods of conflict;
6. Further Outlining the members of UNCDIIO:
a) A UNCDIIO Chair: to be assigned the position by the Secretary General of the United Nations, one chair lasts for a maximum of three years and a minimum of one year; this, also, is to be determined by the Secretary General,
b) Two Deputy Chairs: (appointed by the UNCDIIO Chair to serve a one-year term), for each of two committees:
i) Committee #1: which will be in charge of intervention in a region due to natural disasters so as to control such factors as famine by equal distribution of food and (temporary) shelter, so as to give the people a chance to rebuild their environments while still leading working lives,
ii) Committee #2: which will be in charge of intervention for political reasons of:
- war or any other form of armed conflict: to stabilize the security of the region, even if it meant by the use of force, (see operative clause number eight),
- an unjust political regime: to maintain peace between rebels and military working for the head of the regime,
- an invasion on the state/region: in which case much more military assistance (troops, vehicles, high-tech military facilities, etc..) is required and would be obtained from Member States that choose to provide them,
c) Ten Judges: political scholars that would be appointed by both the Secretary General and the UNCDIIO Chair as judges, they have the responsibility of deciding the need to intervene and for how long and the required assistance. Each of ten judges from different Security Council countries, (five from permanent members and five from non-permanent members), would serve four-year terms,
d) Twenty-four Members: per committee, also political science scholars to be selected from different regions of the world to maintain an equilibrium of different political points of view, they are to serve two-year terms each, and would be selected by the deputy chair of their committee;
7. Strongly Emphasizes that the UN should only intervene in a state or region:
a) in reply to requests from the subject state/region, or
b) if the UNCDIIO, (by a majority vote), sees it necessary that it supports a nation in conditions illustrating:
i) the incapability of the country to support itself,
ii) an overpowering invasion of the country,
iii) an unjustified and unjust ruling regime,
iv) riots and havoc that are not under the control of the country,
v) disastrous aftermath of natural disasters,
vi) war or armed conflict, and
8. Reminds member nations that, on several occasions, the Security Council authorized Member States to use all necessary means - including force - to achieve a stated objective; and that the consent of the parties is not necessarily required;
9. Has Resolved that the United Nations is strong enough as an international rescue body and firm enough as an international mediating body to have the right to intervene in a state or region;
10. Further Urges the UN to consider utilizing the following for further aid:
a) local products and internal capabilities, including:
i) domestic farming crops and stored food rations,
ii) aid and help from national:
b) the help and aid of present military allies that are already within the borders of the subject nation at the time of the emergency/crisis;
11. Notes that the UN can intervene in a state or region via:
a) peacekeeping forces: composed of national missions of troops, deployed to carry out tasks similar to those of military observers and, often, to act as a buffer between hostile parties,
b) military observer missions: composed of relatively small numbers of unarmed officers, charged with such tasks as monitoring ceasefires, verifying troop withdrawals, or patrolling borders or demilitarized zones, or
c) complex operations: composed of military, civilian police and other civilian personnel mandated to help create political institutions and broaden their base, working alongside governments, non-governmental organizations and local citizensí groups to provide emergency relief, demobilize former fighters and reintegrate them into society, clear mines, organize and conduct elections and promote sustainable development practices;
12. Suggests that the Secretary General makes recommendations on how UN operations are to be launched and carried out, and reports on the progress of operations be sent to the Secretary General and to the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) on a daily basis so as to keep the UN up-to-date on UN operations world-wide.
13. Further Reminds that the DPKO is responsible for day-to-day executive direction, management and logistical support of UN international operations;
FORUM : General Assembly
QUESTION OF : The Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes.
SUBMIITED BY : Sudan
Defining Humanitarian Intervention as any physical encroachment on behalf of one state with the affairs of another state for humanitarian reasons;
Fully Alarmed at the aggression of the United States of America upon a pharmaceutical company in Sudan in 1999;
Expressing Its Satisfaction towards the intervention in East Timor in 1999, where the Australian forces intervened only after an invitation by Indonesia;
Noting With Deep Regret the intervention of the United Nations into Iraq, which has resulted in the escalation of the humanitarian crisis in Iraq;
Fully Deploring the humanitarian intervention of Haiti in 1994, authorized by Security Council Resolution 940, which "authorizes Member States to form a multinational force under unified command and control and to use all necessary means to facilitate the departure from Haiti of the military leadership;"
1. Urges all Member nations to respect other nationsí national sovereignties by complying with Article II of the Charter of the United Nations;
2. Strongly Urges all Member states to condemn all forms of intervention, unless such intervention was a result of an invitation on behalf of a member state;
3. Noting the ambiguity of Article Two, Paragraph Seven of the Charter of the United Nations, which states that "nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter," pursuant to the following violations of the Charter:
a) the aggression of the United States upon Sudan in 1999,
b) the intervention of the United States in Iraq
c) the intervention of the United States in Haiti,
d) the intervention of the United States in Somalia,
e) the intervention of the United Nations in DPR Korea;
4. Resolves that all Members of the United Nations comply with the aforementioned Article, and only intervene when invited by another Member state;
5. Calls Upon the Security Council to impose immediate economic sanctions on any Member state which intervenes into another Member state without an invitation, according to the following criteria:
a) the Member state has not responded to a warning issued by the Security Council, in which the nation has been given five (5) days to withdraw from the Member state.
b) After five (5) days, the Security Counncil shall impose economic sanctions, immediately eliminating all trade until the Member state has withdrawn its forces,
b) the Security Council shall decide the duration of the sanctions, which cannot be lifted until the Member State has withdrawn its forces;
Issue: Sierra Leone and the role of UN peacemaking and peacekeeping
Forum: Security Council Resolution Clauses
Delegation: United Kingdom
1. Urges all parties engaged in the conflict to facilitate the movement and implementation of the provisions of the Lome peace agreement through substantial cooperation with the personnel of the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL), the Military Observer Group (ECOMOG), and Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in order to restore national unity and form a democratic government having representatives from all different groups and regions in Sierra Leone;
2. Further Resolves to form the United Nations Mission for the Promotion of Democracy in Sierra Leone (UNMPDSI) that will:
a. be composed of UN personnel specialized in the implementation of democracy in different regions of the world and that will terminate after a specific period decided upon by the representative of the mission and the Sierra Leonian authorities;
provide the involved authorities with the necessary procedures for the formation of the democratic government composed of a president, an elected body of representatives by the people, a written constitution, and a elections council;
One. monitor and revise the first presidential elections of the country, as well as cooperating fully with the elections council to maintain fairness in the electionsí
Two. Send monthly reports to the United Nations secretary general and Security Council regarding the most recent developments, accomplishments, and difficulties that the mission may have faced;
3. Further requests the governments of West African nations not to provide other Sierra Leonian rebel groups with bases form which they might launch their attacks, and to report any action taken by these rebel groups to the United Nations in order for military procedures to be carried out.
Issue: Southern Lebanon and the role of the UN in regional stability
Forum: Security Council
Delegation: United Kingdom
1. Strongly urges the Israeli forces to stop launching attacks on Southern Lebanon, endangering the lives of Lebanese civilians, violating the Lebanese fly boundaries, and to free two Lebanese civilians who were arrested several months ago, therefore complying with all requirements of UN resolutions 425 and 426 of 1978, and not to cross over the withdrawal line set after the withdrawal of the Israeli forces out of Lebanon in July 2000;
2. Strongly urges the government of Lebanon to free the three captured Israeli forces by the Lebanese group of Hizballah, cease launching attacks on Israeli grounds, and to comply with the cease-fire signed in July 2000;
3. Strongly requests the governments of Israel and Lebanon to cooperate with the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) in the accomplishment of the following goals:
One. confirming the immediate and permanent withdrawal of the Israeli forces;
Two. restoring international peace and security in Southern Lebanon;
Three. assisting the government of Lebanon in ensuring the return of its effective authority in Southern Lebanon;
Four. ensuring the compliance of both sides with the withdrawal line and the cease-fire signed in July 2000.
Issue: Ethiopian and Eritrean was and the humanitarian crisis
Forum: Security Council
Delegation: United Kingdom
1. Strongly urges the governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea to cease the recent hostilities in compliance with the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities signed in Algiers, Algeria on June 18th, 2000, and take the necessary measures of disarmament of their forces;
2. Asks the governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea to provide security and immunity for the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) personnel including the military observers and forces, and to provide them with all facilities needed to the accomplishment of their tasks;
3. Urges the International Red Cross (IRC) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to provide refugees of both countries with:
One. ensure the safe return of refugees to their origins
Two. ensure the rehabilitation of refugees
Three. create educational workshops for youths rather than allowing them to fight.
Committee: The Economic and Social Council
Delegate: Nouf Al- Fraih
Issue#1: The Question of the role of the UN regarding the intervention in a region or state for humanitarian Purposes.
Defining "humanitarian Purposes" as a result achieved from the health and happiness of others.
Deeply concerned about the fact AIDS is spreading widely, more and more each day.
Viewing with appreciation to the UNHCR, UNICEF, and all the other committees for all they have done.
Recalling that 5.3 million people suffer from AIDS 1998, and the number had increased now, according to the United Nations High Commissioner of Human Rights.
Emphasizing the fact that AIDS is one of the deadliest diseases that still doesn't have a cure, and is spreading like the speed of light each day!
1.Supports the role of the United Nations intervening in a state or region for humanitarian purposes.
2.Emphasizes the importance of cooperating in the field of humanitarian issues, and expresses itís hope that all governments to consider and make use of all the possibilities offered by the United Nations.
3.Further Proclaims the importance of cooperating in the field of humanitarian issues whether by information sharing or helping nations in need like all the poor African countries for instance.
4. Resolves that The World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS combine to form one powerful organization in which will do the following:
a) Provide a supportive environment that meets with their social life, culture and religion.
b) Implement and support legal support services that will educate people affected by HIV/AIDS about their rights provide free legal services to enforce those rights.
c) Provide HIV prevention and care information and safe and effective medication at an affordable price.
d) Promote the wide and ongoing distribution of creative education, training and media programs that will be designed to change wrong or dangerous attitudes associated with HIV/AIDS to understand and accept it.
e) Promoting discussion about AIDS in their newsletters and other publications, as well as through other media.
f) Educate people about AIDS. Education is a powerful tool and respect for human rights within the context of HIV/AIDS should be a key subject within a schoolís curriculum.
5. Declares that The World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS will protect human rights in all regions. It has been studied that when human rights were being protected fewer people become infected with HIV/AIDS, and that those living with HIV/AIDS and their families can cope better with it. Undercover specialists will be hired in specific regions every once in a while to check if all human rights are being protected.
6. Further Resolves that The World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS would hire no more than 35 experts to study HIV/AIDS programs and the people living with the disease. These experts will share knowledge and experience concerning HIV-related human rights issues. They will discuss the current situation, identify obstacles and needs, and to propose solutions that will make the situation better. The studies they do will all be saved for further reference. These experts will swear that they will ensure privacy and confidentiality and ethics in research involving human subjects. With that, there could be a better relationship with the doctor and the patient, and the expert will be told everything without doubts or lies. That may help the experts advance in their research and find a cure for AIDS.
6. Calls Upon the IMF for financial support. *
7. Encourages the United Nations to provide a generous compensation of 5% to help.*
∑Notes that the money wonít go to the country directly, but to the organization, who will be in charge of distributing it evenly to those in need.