Country: Romania

Student: Hamad Sultan

Event: CACMUM 2000

 






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Romania

I. Country Profile


Romania

 

COUNTRY PROFILE: ROMANIA

 

Culture:

Socialist realism, a school of art that was officially sponsored by the Communist government, and through which socialist ideals were promoted and advanced.

Defence:

In the mid-1990s the total strength of Romaniaís armed forces was 203,100 members, of these, 161,000 were in the army, 23,100 were in the air force, and 19,000 were in the navy. Military service is compulsory for all men and lasts for a period of 12 months in the army and air force and 18 months in the navy. The secret police force was disbanded in 1990 and replaced by the Romanian Intelligence Service.

The impossible thing for Romania to do is to keep the Russians out of Romania since the Russians have an army of 1.3million while Romania has only 203,100 soldiers. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union Romania has feared that the Russians might invade or force them to join together in order to build up, again, a soviet empire.

Romania is a country that cannot defende its self! In the foirst world war it said that it was nuetral so that no one would invade it. In the second world war romania stood by Germany because it thought germany could defend it. After the second world war Romania became a communist country in which it would hold hands with the soviet union!

Economy:

Before World War II, the Romanian economy was primarily agricultural. In 1948 the Communist government came to power and took control of nearly all aspects of the economy. Through a series of five-year plans, the Communists transformed Romania into an industrial nation.

The economy grew considerably during the first part of the Communist period, but by the 1980s it had slid into decline, and shortages of consumer goods and degradation of the environment had become widespread. After the Communist government was overthrown in 1989, the Romanian economy virtually collapsed. In the early 1990s the new non-Communist government began taking steps to reform the economy. These included devaluing the national currency, removing government subsidies on most consumer goods, and converting some state-owned companies to private ownership.

Romania is currently a member of the IMF, World Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Romania became an associate member of the European Union (EU) in February 1993, and formally applied for full membership in June 1995. A free trade agreement with the European Free Trade Association came into effect in May 1993.

Ever since Romania became a non-communist country its economy fell to the ground. Many think that it is impossible for them to get back into the same economic position that they were in. Fortunately for Romania it has been struggling since 1992 and its economy has been rising.

 

History:

When World War I broke out in 1914, Romania declared a policy of armed neutrality. However, in August 1916, Romania joined the Allies in their fight against the Central Powers, chiefly Austria-Hungary and Germany. Romania hoped to gain several provinces of Austria-Hungary that had large Romanian populations. The Allies won the war in 1918, and as part of the peace settlement,

As an ally of Germany, Romania declared war on the USSR in 1941. The Romanian army reclaimed Bessarabiya and Bukovina and advanced as far as southern Ukraine, but suffered heavy losses in the 1943 Battle of Stalingrad. When Soviet troops entered Romania in 1944, King Michael dismissed Antonescu, surrendered to the USSR, and declared war on Germany. Soviet pressure led to the creation of a left-wing government under Petru Groza in March 1945.

By the terms of the armistice agreement, Romania lost northern Bukovina and Bessarabiya to the USSR and recovered northern Transylvania from Hungary. The agreement also limited the strength of the Romanian armed forces and stipulated that the Romanian people should enjoy all personal liberties. On December 30, 1947, the monarchy was abolished, and King Michael was forced to abdicate. The Peopleís Republic of Romania was then proclaimed, with a constitution similar to that of the USSR, and power passed to the Communist Party.

After the death of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in 1953, Romania gradually drew away from close dependence on the USSR. Gheorghiu-Dej asserted the countryís right to develop its own variety of socialism. Throughout the 1950s the government emphasized the nationalization and development of industry. This effort proved highly successful, and in the 1960s official estimates of the national industrial growth rate averaged about 12 percent annually, ranking among the highest in Eastern Europe. Agricultural collectivization began in July 1949, and in 1962 the government announced that all arable land had been absorbed into the socialized sector.

At home, the Communist government held sole power, censored the press, and restricted personal liberties. Ceausescu promoted a personality cult around himself and his family. Improved relations with China and Western Europe brought aid and new technology, and the economy grew substantially in the 1960s and 1970s.

Romania continued to pursue an independent foreign policy, despite the disapproval of the Soviet bloc. In addition, the Romanian government actively increased its contacts with the West. After a visit from United States President Richard Nixon in 1969, Ceausescu paid several visits to the United States. In 1975 the United States granted Romania most-favored-nation status, and in 1976 a ten-year economic pact was signed by the two countries. Romania joined the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) in 1972 and in 1976 signed the first formal pact (on textiles) between the European Economic Community and an Eastern European nation.

In 1989 Ceausescuís brutal suppression of antigovernment demonstrations in Timisoara turned the army against him. He fled Bucharest with his wife Elena on December 22, 1989, but the two were soon captured. Ceausescu and his wife were charged with murder and embezzlement of government funds, and a secret trial took place. Both were found guilty and were executed on December 25. An interim body made up chiefly of former Communist officials took control of the government, and Ion Iliescu became the countryís acting president. The new government revoked many of Ceausescuís repressive policies and imprisoned some of the leaders of his regime.

In May 1990 multiparty elections for the legislature and the presidency were held. Iliescu was elected president, and his party, the National Salvation Front (NSF), won control of the legislature. Peter Roman became Romaniaís prime minister. The elections did not put a stop to the antigovernment demonstrations, which continued throughout the year, often in protest of economic conditions. Riots by miners led to the resignation of Romanís government in September. In October former finance minister Theodor Stolojan succeeded Roman as prime minister and formed a new cabinet. An economic austerity program was introduced that month.






POLICY STATEMENTS

 

Delegation: Romania

Committee: General Assembly

Delegate: Hamad Al-Sultan

ISSUE #1: The Question of the Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes.

One of the main problems for former Soviet Union countries is that there has been the large number of unemployment and the lack of vaccines and medication for the people.

The most serious social problem in former Soviet Union countries is the high rate of unemployment and low standard of living resulting from the countriesí transition from a state-run to a market economy. Other social problems surround the rights and treatment of former Soviet Unionís minority populations.

Romania had a comprehensive social insurance system that includes medical care, family allowances, retirement pensions, and vacations at health resorts. After the revolution of 1989, Romaniaís poor health conditions were brought to light. International attention was focused particularly on Romanian orphanages containing large numbers of neglected children, many whom were found to be suffering from acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), hepatitis, and other serious illnesses. In the early 1990s Romania had one of the highest infant mortality rates in Europe. The World Bank has granted loans to the Romanian government to help improve the countryís health care system.

A humanitarian aid for former Soviet Union countries would be loaning them money to build more public schools. When "free" schools are built, more parents would send their children to school and learn and when these children grow up they will hope to have a future. Not only will this reduce the amount of unemployment, but it will also reduce the amount of illnesses. It has been proven that 80 percent of all working men wish to have a family and when a baby is born into a family of wealth and care it can be taken care of which will reduce the amount of illnesses.

Romania would like to reasure the fact the it is for this idea.

 

Delegation: Romania

Committee: General Assembly

Delegate: Hamad Al-Sultan

ISSUE #2. The Question of Developing an International Legal Code to Deal with Criminal Activity on the Internet (WWW).

The World Wide Web or in other words the Internet is a place where millions of children log on daily. With the unfortunate increase of illegal activities it has been very difficult for the children to learn from the internet or even use the computer when hackers have put some sort of viruses. Pornography is also a serious thing to parents. It has a great affect on a society when their teenage children have been caught logging on to porno sites, which influence children to a life of failure. Porno sites can not only influence children to a bad reputation and future, but also make them pay a lot of money for something that isnít worth it. This does not teach children the value of money, but teaches them how to waste money.

Romania is totally against the criminal activities on the net and encourages that there be put a three year, minimum, prison sentence to any one that breaks this law. Romania would also like to assure the fact that it is for this idea.

 

Delegation: Romania

Committee: General Assembly

Delegate: Hamad Al-Sultan

ISSUE #3: The Question of the Admittance of Palestine into the United Nations as a Full Voting Member.

Palestine has been suffering and has been blamed for the violence in Israel for over fifty years. It is now time to move on and recognize Palestine as an independent free member of the United Nations. Palestine should be allowed the honor and privilege of being a full voting member. As we move into the new millennium, Romania, and I am sure all of you, have had the dream of world peace in which every country is equal. That cannot happen when the united nations are taking away the rights of Palestine and not letting them vote.



 


Resolution


FORUM: General Assembly

QUESTION OF: The Question of the Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes.

DELEGATION: Romania

DELEGATE: Hamad Al-Sultan

Defining "intervention" as a financial aid supporting the help for poor countries

Realizes that the United Nations has helped many others with their humanitarian purposes, and has succeeded

Deeply concerned that the people of Former Soviet Union countries cannot do enough without the United Nations help.

Disappointed because there is a high chance in which this resolution might fail.

Recalling the fact that the only reason that people are suffering affected by unemployment and diseases is because of poverty.

Concerned about the Former Soviet Union Countriesí people and other countries that have similar problems.

Very grateful to the UN for considering this resolution

Urges the UN Security Council to help the Former Soviet Union Countries' people by:

1-giving a loan to Former Soviet Union Countries in which

a) Many schools will be built.

1) Giving jobs to unemployed workers

b) More businesses can start.

c) More vaccines can be bought

1) Which will save the people against illnesses

2-Defending Former Soviet Union Countries until it can get back into place.

a) Fear of Russia has created a hostile environment in former Soviet Union countries.

b) Fear of the low amount of trading with other countries because of their communist background.

c) Help resolve the situation in which countries are suspecting that Former Soviet Union Countries' are still communists

3.Expresses itís appreciation to all countries and committees that wish to help the people of the former Soviet Union.

4. Notes that the fewer the people that are affected by unemployment the fewer the problems.

a) Costs of medication

b) Costs of food

c) Costs of clothes

5 Urges the UN to help the Former Soviet Union Countries' people and to supply them for with what is needed.

6 Hopes all recognize Former Soviet Union Countries for its as a free country and not as a former communist country.

7 Wishes that the UN Security Council go over this Resolution

8 Resolves that Former Soviet Union Countries will be willing to cooperate with the U.N on everything

9.Guarantees that all the money that will be loaned shall be paid back

 

 

OPENING SPEECH

Good Afternoon,

Romania is very happy to be here and very proud of it. Romania welcomes The Permanent members and the Temporary members to this Security Council Meeting. Romania hopes to reach a solution with the other members in which the dream of World peace can come to reality.

Romania would like to highlight the Issue of The Question of the Role of the UN Regarding Intervention in a State or a Region for Humanitarian Purposes.

Romania is deeply concerned about their children because as everyone knows children are our future. If this resolution is voted against, then Romania has no future! Romania is a country with a high infant mortality rate and an even higher unemployment rate. In Romania these days the lack of medical supplies has given a high chance of death for a kid with flu. How can Romania have a future when its children are dying? Even thought its children live through college they end up living on the streets due to Romaniaís high unemployment rate.

The UN has helped many nations and hopes it shall not punish Romania and many countries like it by voting against it.

 

Thank You



Romania's Role at CACMUN



Romania played an important role at CACMUN. It co-signed with three resolutions in which two were discussed. The issue that Romania cared about the most was the first, which was Intervention in a state or region. Romania thought that this was the best issue that could solve the problems in Romania. Romaniaís effort to speak during the meeting was very high, but unfortunately Romania was only called upon three times. Romania wrote four speeches in which none were read because Romania was never chosen to read them. Even though no speeches were read, three very powerful questions were asked in which the other person either could not answer or changed the topic in the answer. In Romaniaís opinion Romania had a great effect on all issues at CACMUN.