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Four great philosophies and religions have shaped the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people: Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Christianity. Over the centuries, Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism have bonded with popular Chinese beliefs and ancient Vietnamese animism to form what is known as Tam Giao (or 'Triple Religion'). The Vietnamese language (kinh) belongs to the Mon-Khmer stock, which comprises Mon (spoken in Burma) and Khmer (the language of Cambodia), as well as Khmu, Bahnar, Bru and other languages of the highlands of Vietnam. The most widely spoken foreign languages in Vietnam are Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin), English, French and Russian, more or less in that order. Popular artistic forms include traditional painting produced on frame-mounted silk; an eclectic array of theatre, puppetry, music and dance; religious sculpture; and lacquer ware. In Vietnam, the religions are Mahayana Buddhism, Theravada Buddhism, Cao Dai, Hoa Hao, Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam, Hinduism, and animism. Vietnamese account for 87.5 percent of population (1979 figures), fifty-three minorities account for remainder, including Hoa (Chinese, comprising approximately 1.8 percent), Tay, Thai, Khmer, Muong, Nung, Hmong, and numerous mountain tribes.
Democratic Republic of (North) and former Republic of (South) Vietnam united to form Socialist Republic of Vietnam on July 2, 1976. Constitution adapted in 1980 stipulates National Assembly as highest governing body. The constitution is clearly communist in character. Its preamble described the DRV as a "people's democratic state led by the working class," and the document provided for a nominal separation of powers among legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. On paper, the National Assembly carried out the legislative function. The assembly was empowered to make laws and to elect the chief officials of the state, such as the president (who was largely a symbolic head of state), the vice president, and cabinet ministers. Members serve five-year terms and nominally directly elected by electorate. Council of State, which serves as collective presidency, and Council of Ministers, which manages governmental activities, nominally accountable to, and elected by, National Assembly. Political power is effectively in hands of Vietnamese Communist Party (VCP, Viet Nam Cong San Dang). Party members, who act at direction of party, fill most government positions. Party led by National Party Congress, which meets infrequently. Congress elects Central Committee, which in turn elects Political Bureau, party's highest policy-making body. Country divided into thirty-six provinces, three autonomous municipalities, and one special zone. Provinces divided into districts, towns, and capitals.
Vietnam is a fiercely independent country and is the largest and most populous of the 3 Indochinese countries and is located in southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia. The south of Vietnam mainly consists of plains. 2 major rivers, the Mekong River in the south and the Red River (Hong) in the north each form deltas of considerable size before entering the South China Sea. The Red River also runs through Hanoi, the capital city. Vietnam is a warm, monsoon land with high rainfall and thick forest. Severe typhoons occur in late summer and autumn.
The size of Vietnam is about 325,000 sq. km, with a population of about 78 million. Although the country is located in the tropics, the climate is tropical only in central and southern Vietnam, with warm and humid weather all year round (22-35oC). In the north, there is a distinct winter season due to cold inland winds. Usually, the winter is also the dry season for the entire country, but the rains are highly unpredictable owing to the influence of several monsoons.
Vietnam has natural resources phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, and hydropower. The significance of Vietnams geography is that it is very wet, and it is subject to a lot of flooding. The mountain range run down which separates it from Cambodia and Laos.
Vietnam's most valuable natural resource is its land, particularly the fertile, alluvial soils in the Red and Mekong deltas. Some 21 percent of the lanr! is currently being cultivated.
Vietnam has some: valuable mineral resources, inzluding gold, uranium, iron, phosphate, chromite, apatite, and anthracite coal. Most deposits are located in the Northern of the country. Few attempts were made to extract these minerals until the French takeover of Vietnam at the end of the 19th century. The French opened coal deposits, principally: along the toast directly cast of Haiphong]. They also established a phosphate factory on the Paracel Islands, located in the South China
Since-re-unification, the Communist government has sought to increase exploitation ofVietnam's natural mineral resources but has had only modest success so far. Extracting of oil deposits in the South China Sea during in the mid-'1960s. In the mid-1990s oil production was sufficient to meet domestic needs, while also providing an important source of export earnings.
The governments Role in the Economy in Vietnam, as in other states ruled by Communist parties, the government is expected to play a guiding role in all matters, including the national economy. Classical Marxist economic theory calls for all major industries such as utilities to be nationalized and farmland to be placed under state or collective ownership.
Such was the situation in North Vietnam during the Vietnam War and initially in the reunified country established in 1976. However, Vietnam's economy performed disastrously in the first decade after the war. Excessive government controls, lack of managerial experience, limited capital resources, and the absence of a profit incentive all contributed to the weak economy. in 1996 the govermnent launched a reform program called doi moi (economic renovation) to reduce government and to try to encourage foreign investment. This improved the economy as well as bringing foreign dollars to Vietnam.
However, investors were discouraged by the high level of bureaucratic interference in economic affairs. Such conditions often frustrate foreign investors and international lending organizations. Vietnam's current leadership has moved toward a market-based approach will remain but maintains that state-run enterprises will continue to play the flagship role in the economy.
Vietnam has traditionally derived the bulk of its wealth from agriculture, especiaily from the cuftivation of wet rice. During the traditional and colonial eras most farmland was privately owned and cultivated either by owners or tenants. However, the government placed farmland in the North under collective ownership. After reunification, the government attempted to collectivize ail privately held farmland in the South but local resistance and declining grain production eventually persuaded party leaders to dismantle the collective system;. Instead, they granted long-term leases to farmers in return for- an annual quota of grain paid to the state. Surplus production could be privately consumed or sold on the free market.
At the time of the French conquest in the late 19th century, Vietnam's industry was at a relatively primitive stage. The French introduced some modern technology using production methods. After the division of Vietnam in 195, both the North and South governments attempted to promote industrialization. However, efforts were stymied by the Vietnam War, and little was accomplished before 1975 After reunification, the Communist government promoted the creation of an advanced industrial society characterized by state ownership, but the results were meager. The plans adopted as a part of the doi moi reforms call for a balanced approach to developing both industry and agriculture, with a mix of state, collective, and private ownership. Foreign trade has developed rapidly since the implementation of the dill moi reforms and the end of the U.S. embargo. Most foreign trade now takes place with other countries of Asia or with developed countries in the West. Exports have increased significantly, notably in the area of cash crops, oil, and rice. But imports of foreign technology and consumer goods have increased as well, and the trade deficit continues to be one of the country's most serious problems. In 1995 the value of imports was estimated at $7.5 billion, while exports were estimated at $.5 billion.
The Bank of Foreign Trade is authorized to handle foreign currencies.
The Vietnamese armed forces totaled 857,000 troops in 1992. From two to three years of military service are compulsory. Much of the equipment used by the military consists of abandoned American-made materiel and an arm obtained from Vietnam's allies, particularly the former Soviet republics.
Views on world problems:
Vietnam has experienced a lot of violence in the past. The US in the Vietnam War has attacked Vietnam. Vietnam had lot a of its people being killed or been attacked in that war and experienced a long term affect to its people. Vietnam believes it's important for nations to cooperate in achieving world peace to discriminate violence in the area. Vietnam believes it's important for Vietnam as a nation to not interfere with other countries whether in a violence issues or political issues. It's important to maintain world peace. Vietnam urges nations to stop using chemical weapons to insure world peace and to keep a secured environment.
Vietnam was occupied by the French since 1984 until independence was declared after the end of World War II, but the French continued to rule until 1954 when they were defeated by communist forces who took control of the north part. After that The United States stepped in with economic and military aid to South Vietnam. This aid continued to grow during the 1960s to help the government of South Vietnam, then the US armed forces were drawn into a civil war between the north and the south until 1973 when the US forces withdrew from South Vietnam. Two years later the North Vietnamese forces occupied South Vietnam and reunited the whole country under one Vietnam. Yet unity did not bring peace. In 1979 the Vietnamese attacked Cambodia and installed a new government there. To "teach Vietnam a lesson", China invaded Northern Vietnam and a short war was fought, in which neither side won a clear victory. Thousands of people of Chinese origin living in Vietnam fled the country, many in small boats. This exodus continued throughout the 1980s and many of the so-called "boat people" drowned. Although some were given homes in foreign countries, most were confined to refugee camps where their boats made landfall, chiefly Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Hong Kong. Vietnam's involvement in Cambodia continued until 1989, causing serious quarrels with China and also with non-communist countries in Southeast Asia. Vietnam's strained relations with its neighbors and the West prevented the country from receiving the money it needed for development, and the political changes in Eastern Europe at the end of the 1980s lost Vietnam its communist friends. In 1986 the Vietnamese government introduced economic reforms similar to perestroika in the Soviet Union, which greatly benefited the economy. Ho Chi Minh is one of the most well-known Vietnamese because of his leading role in the war between North and South Vietnam, commonly known as the Vietnam War (1954-1975), as well as the eternal spiritual leader of the current Vietnamese Communist regime. Before his death, Ho wrote in his will about his early-unfulfilled desire to meet Lenin. This is one of the enigmatic questions that puzzled many modern historians.
Delegation: Vietnam Committee: Social Issue: Globalisation and Interdependence
Globalization is the growing integration of world economy. Furthermore, Interdependence is relying on assistance, support, cooperation, or interaction among constituent elements or members.
Vietnam believes that the United Nations should encourage globalization and interdependence. With globalization and interdependence, the world would offer better means of education, healthcare, economy, etc. Our world has become a global village, where modern technology, communication, and the Internet have made it so integrated and interdependent on each other to the extent that any major event in any of the major nations can affect other nations. The Vietnamese economy depends so much on exports like the United States, which makes it very sensitive to economic events in the US. Vietnam after its independence and unification requires from the recognition, humanitarian, and other types of assistance to enable it to vitalize its economy and help it to become a modern stable state.
Delegation: Vietnam Committee: Social Issue: Measures to improve the care and safety of refugees, returnees, and displaced people
Vietnam has a very flexible policy towards refugees, especially those fleeing political persecution. Actually, a substantial percentage of Vietnam's immigrants are refugees from countries like Cambodia. Vietnam believes that all countries, especially developed ones, should welcome refugees of any nationality or race. They should treat them like all other people, and offer them food, shelter, and jobs as long as they are not a burden on the community. Countries should also consider giving citizenship to such refugees as their governments would probably invalidate their citizenship.
Also, developed countries and the United Nations should grant extra financial aid to countries carrying the burden of refugees. Developing and under-developed nations hardly have enough money for their own people, let alone fleeing refugees who have nothing to their name. The UN should provide the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) with a higher budget, as it is one of the most important humanitarian organization in the world that is funded by the UN.
An example of the importance of the condition and treatment of refugees is the recent bombing of Yugoslavia, which led to thousands of Kosovar ethnic Albanians to flee to neighboring Albania and Macedonia. The countries, two of the poorest in Europe, want to help these refugees through their ordeal. However, they don't have the capabilities to do so. Therefore, troops from the UN were sent to the area to aid the refugees. This proves how the condition and treatment of refugees is so important.
Delegation: Vietnam Committee: Social Issue: Return and restitution of cultural property to the properties of origin.
Vietnam is totally with the restitution of cultural property to the countries of origin. This is due to the fact that Vietnam is mindful of the imperative need to protect the cultural patrimony, preserving thereby the social, historical and artistic components of this identity and self-understanding, and the restitution of cultural property to the countries of origin. Vietnam is desirous to assist Governments and international organizations in their efforts to curtail the illicit trade with art objects and items belonging to the cultural patrimony.
Vietnam frankly believe in the importance attached by the countries of origin to the return of cultural property, which is of fundamental spiritual and cultural value to them, so that they may constitute collections representative of their cultural heritage. Vietnam would like to reaffirm that the restitution to a country of its objects from arts, monuments, museum pieces, archives, manuscripts, documents and any other cultural or artistic treasures contributes to the strengthening of international cooperation and to the preservation and flowering of universal cultural values through fruitful cooperation between developed and developing countries. Vietnam would like to invite those Member States that have not yet done so to sign and ratify the Convention of the illicit trading and thieving of cultural property and that stolen cultural property should be restituted. .
Delegation: Vietnam Committee: Social Issue: Strengthening of international cooperation to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of natural disasters
Vietnam strongly believes that disaster relief assistance should be a large part of economic assistance. A nation is is most need of help after a natural disaster. Vietnam has been a key player in economic disaster assistance. Vietnam encourages all members of the United Nations, especially the developed and privileged ones, to assist developing countries during humanitarian and natural disasters. Therefore, we encourage the UN to coordinate relief programs for countries that have undergone natural and humanitarian disasters. Vietnam feels that the number of people killed by a natural disaster must be drastically minimized.
During Hurricane Mitch, which violently struck Central America in 1998, 10,000 people were dead, and some 100,000 people were evacuated. Fortunately, various countries were quick to respond. Large aid packages were sent from the United States and the EU to assist the troubled people of Honduras, Nicaragua, and Belize. Vietnam encourages countries to assist other nations during these crises. Vietnam also encourages the United Nations to coordinate aid immediately after such a disaster occurs.
ISSUE #1 Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Children and YouthThe promotion and protection of the Rights of Children and Youth is an essential factor in maintaining a growing society. A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.Vietnam strongly supports the rights of children in accordance with the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. The decleration clearly states the most critical factors of protecting the rights of children. A child should not be forced to work. A child should absolutely not be enforced to perform any kind of prostitution. The child shall in all circumstances be among the first to receive protection and relief. The members of the United Nations should recognize and understand the diversity of cultures around the world. Unlike western countries, Vietnam is rich in cultural history and depth; having a varying cultural perspective about the issues regarding human rights.
ISSUE #2 The Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women including elimination of the trafficking in women and girls
Vietnam has always been a strong supporter of the rights of women. This is a natural thing for the people of Vietnam. As everyone recognizes, in our part of the world, society is always the first issue in our agenda. Vietnam supports the United Nation's Charter which reaffirms faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women. Discrimination against women shall mean "any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field." The implementation of the convention by all members of the UN will further empower the rights of women around the world. Women are the foundation of society, if they do not function equally, thus, the society becomes debased.
ISSUE #3: The Human Rights and Welfare of Indigenous People
These days, the rights and welfare of indigenous people are being disregarded and ignored. Without doubt, this issue is too important to be left behind. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam strongly believes that the indigenous people should be granted their full rights. Indigenous people are being discriminated, segregated, and ignored all around the world. Their rights have been usurped by imperialist powers; a close example is that of the United State's rude intrusion and the violation of the Vietnamese people's legitimate rights.
Vietnam also believes that all members of the UN should respect the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Vietnam strongly urges all countries to treat indigenous people with respect and equality. Furthermore, Vietnam applauds and supports the Center for World Indigenous Studies for its great efforts in granting the indigenous people their full rights.
ISSUE 4: The Human Rights and Welfare of Migrant Workers
Many migrant workers are treated badly and harshly and are being discriminated by local people. In some cases they are even being abused. Many are considered to be from a very lower class. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is deeply saddened by this inadmissible situation. Vietnam would like to remind the people that most of these migrant workers leave their countries, families, children, homes and friends in order to earn money for a living. At the same time, they are helping local people in several different ways.
Vietnam urges all countries, governments and people to grant all migrant workers their rights and the respect they deserve. This does not mean that migrant workers should be granted superior treatment, but instead they should be treated as equal as all people. Vietnam strongly urges the United Nations to increase its efforts in helping migrant workers live peacefully and safely by providing them their essential needs.
Delegate: Hamad Al-Saleh
Hazards to the World's Water Supply
The demand for fresh water rises continuously as the world's population grows. From 1940 withdrawals of fresh water from rivers, lakes, reservoirs, other sources has increased fourfold. Of the water consumed each year, 69 percent is used for agriculture, 23 percent for industry, and 8 percent for domestic uses. The water must be used in a careful and precise way. Water should not be wasted or used for no good use. it should be used for helping and in a situaticin for- a good cause and a situation where it is in need. Vietnam is with the management of water and international level resources on a nation.
Prohibition of the dumping of radioaclive and toxic wastes.
Millions metric tons of hazardous wastes are generated each year. The United States annually produces 23C million metric tons--70 percent from the chemical industry-y. The use, storage, transportation, and disposal of these substances pose serious environmental and health risks. Even brief exposure to some of these materials can cause cancer, birth defects, nervous system disorders, and death. Large-scale releases of hazardous materials may cause thousands of deaths and damage the water, and soil for many years. Vietnam completely prohibits the dumping of radioactive and toxic wastes
Protection of the global climate for present and Future generations of mankind.
Global Warming, an increase in the earth's temperature due to the use of fossil fuels and certain: industrial and agricultural processes leading to a buildup of` "greenhouse gases" (principally carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, flourocarbons, and water vapor) in the atmosphere. Since 1596 it has been -known that gases reduce the escape of the earth's infrared radiation into space known and inhibit the processes used to keep earth's relatively warm temperature. (This is called the greenhouse effect.) Although there is broad agreement that human activity, such as burning fossil fUels, has reached a scale that is beginning to influence climate,
There is truth and uncertainty and debate over how much and how fast the climate. Elevated global temperatures could result in coastal flooding and the shifting of major climatic zones and may have serious implications for agricultural productivity. Since 1850 there has been a mean rise in global temperature of approximately Celsius degree (approximately 1.8 Fahrenheit degrees) and a 25 percent rise in carbon dioxide levels. Vietnam demands the protection of the global climate for present and future generations of mankind.
Control of the research, development and production of genetically modified foods.
To modify food and the genetically and production of it the soil must be checked to be suitable for planting and for use. Soil is a mixture of mineral plant and animal materials that forms during a long process that may take thousands of years. It is necessary for must plant growth and is essential for all agricultural production. Soil pollution is a buildup of toxic chemical compounds, salts, pathogens (disease-causing organisms), or radioactive materiais that can affect plant and animal life. Unhealthy soil management methods have seriously degraded soil quality, caused soil pollution, and enhanced erosion. The eating away of the soil will occur fertilizers, pesticides, and fungicides interferes with the natural processes occurring within the soil and destroys useful organisms such as bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms. Vietnam urges the control of the research, development and production of genetically modified foods.
Delegation: Vietnam Delegate: Fay Al-Tukhaim Disarmament Committee
Question of: Measures to improve the effective implementation of the convention of the prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons on their destruction.
Vietnam had faced a lot of chemical weapon use in World War II. Vietnam sees it's the word definition for the effective implementation of the prohibition of the developments of chemical weapons to be "put into effect the meeting to stop the growing of chemical weapons". The development of chemical weapons will only effect the nation and cause violence and terrorism in the area. Vietnam had never felt secure in the past years due to the amount of violence it faces. During the Vietnam war, the Vietnamese were effective by the use of chemical weapons which caused health problems and death. Vietnam urges nations to stop the use of chemical weapons and have a control over it for the sake of peace. Violating nations in the use of chemical weapons will only harm international cooperation and the nations and cause more wars and disagreements.
The Question of: The risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East and Central and South Asia
As an Asian country, Vietnam wishes more security and control is set on the use of nuclear weapon. Vietnam sees the definition of nuclear proliferation as "the rapid growth of nuclear weapons". Vietnam believes that there's not a lot of risk in the rapid growth of nuclear weapons in the Middle East and Central and South Asia. Instead, Vietnam believes that there should be more security in these nations from nuclear weapons used by the US. Vietnam urges the UN to insure more security on Middle East and Central and South Asia on the use of nuclear weapons since they're most likely to get attacked by them.
The Question of: International cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space
Vietnam believes international cooperation is the key to solve international conflicts between nations. We see the world's definition of international cooperation to be "work and help among countries". It's important to eliminate the use of weapons in outer space for security reasons. The use of weapons in outer space will set a huge effect on Earth. By international cooperation, countries will be able to solve conflicts among them in the use of weapons in outer space. Countries would be able to set regulations and law against the use of weapons in outer space. Therefor, Vietnam urges for countries in all regions to come together and cooperate to accomplish international peace.
The Question of: Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security.
Vietnam believes it's important for countries to develop in the field of information and telecommunications to assure international security. We see it's the word definition for telecommunications to be "Science and technology of transmitting information in the form of magnetic signals". In our world nowadays, the development of technology and telecommunications had developed rapidly throughout the years. Nations communicate through the use of advanced technology. Vietnam urges nations to assure the development of telecommunications in context of accomplishing international security to avoid wars and international conflicts including the sudden use of chemical weapons.
Delegate: Hamad Al-Saleh
Question of: Development an International Legal Code to Deal With Criminal
Activity on the Internet such as Hacking, Pornography, Viruses. Etc.
Defining. Criminal Activity On the internet as any activity on the internet that has caused harm to other internet users, such as: hacking, viruses, pornography, etc.(Encarta 99) .
Deeply Concerned: By the fact there are no laws that protect the rights of the people on the internet because it a new thing and people are new with it and don't see it as a major thing.
Fully Alarmed: By the criminal activity on the interneti that has, until now cost big companies and many people a total of hundreds of millions of dollars(Time).
Bearing in mind: that if no country does anything to do some thing about the criminal activity on the internet, then the situation after a few years will be out of control and will he close to disaster.
Believing: that pornography is a criminal activity on the internet for the following reasons:
· It spoils the society
· It spreads confUsion into minds of children
· It will and may effect peoples' health because it spreads thoughts to people-
· It effects the people's behavior.
Realizing: that viruses, in the past years have caused chaos: and hundreds of millions of dollars of losses(Time).
Deeply Deploring that some students in MUN would use electronic means of copying other students resolutions and submitting them in areas, such as the environmental commission, where they don't even fit;
1. Proclaims criminal activity n the internet is reaching a dangerous level.
2. Further proclaims countries should do something to decrease criminal activites
3. Have resolved to develop an International legal code to deal with the internet to be developed at a world convention in downtown Hanoi
4. Calls upon countries to enforce the aforementioned code when finished.
5. Further invites other countries that haven't adopted this code to do so immediately.
Delegate: Fay Al-Tukhaim
Question of: Measures to improve the effective implementation of the convention on the prohibition of the stockpiling and use of chemical weapons on their destruction
Fully alarmed that small amount of chemical weaponry can be cheaply produced and can cause large-scale terror
Noting with regret the use of chemical weapons and subsequent lose of life incurred in war, in particular during World War 1, World War II, the Vietnam was and the Iran-Iraq war.
Congratulates those countries who have been recognized the importance of eliminating chemical weapons by signing to the CWC and promoting a collaborative environment where by chemical activities are used only for peaceful weapons
Deeply disturbed by the actions of certain member states have signed the CWC but have postponed its ratification
Guided by the definition of chemical weapons as any chemical as well as the ammunition and equipment used for its dispersal which may cause death, temporary loss of performance, or permanent injury to people and animal through its chemical effect on living processes
Deeply concerned that the countries most likely to develop, produce stockpile, and use chemical weapons will not sign the convention so they can continue with these activities as they see it
Recognizing the need to ensure chemical weapons are not obtained by independent organization through the process of destruction of weapons
1. Proclaims that no member state shall use, produce, stockpile, retain, or transfer chemical weapons directly or indirectly to anyone.
2. Further invites all member state, which do not have a substantial chemical industry or do not have chemical weapons program to pursue an active role in the promotion of peaceful chemical activities to their regional neighbors through OPCW
3. Endorses that formation of a new system of inspections overseen by the OPCW and paid from the OPCW in which:
4. Asks every country which declared or suspected of having a chemical weapons programs will be assigned a team of chemical weapons experts comprised of scientists, engineers, and environmentalists to live in the country and oversee the destruction of the chemical weapon program
b) The states receive a list of members of all inspection team for their country and have the right to request replacement for any member that the state suspects will make biased decisions
c) The inspection team will monitor the entire process of destruction in only the country they are assigned to and provide technical assistance in the destruction of the weapons programs
5. Further suggests those non-nuclear countries to view chemical weapons, as an inexpensive way to protect their national security against nuclear powers can be safeguarded without chemical weapons
6. Expresses its hope that all developed nations will fulfill their obligations under the convention and provide the OPCW with their industry declarations as soon as possible, continuing the supposed of the international chemical industry for the convention's implementation.
7. Proposes that member states which have submitted complete declarations to the OPCW should investigate:
a) The appropriateness of positive reinforcement for other member states which have submitted a complete declaration and encouraging the nation to follow suit.
b) The possibility of negotiating with declared member states to accelerate the declaration process.
8. Hopes the implementation of the chemical weapons conventions and the work of he OPCW shall eradicate the problem with chemical weaponry in the near future
9. Requests the information of the organization of countries without weapons of mass destruction which:
a) Grants membership to countries that do not develop, produce, stockpile, or use chemical, biological, bacteriological, toxin, or nuclear weapon of mass destruction
b) Receive an operating budget from the destruction of chemical weapons fund through the OPCW.
c) Discontinue membership to states refusing to take action as voted for in the assembly.
Committee: Human Rights
Question of: Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Children and Youth
Delegation: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Defining a child as every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier;
Deeply Concerned with the situation of children around the world which remains critical as a result of poverty, inadequate social and economic conditions in an increasingly globalized world economy, pandemics, natural disasters, armed conflict, displacement, exploitation, illiteracy, hunger, intolerance, discrimination and inadequate legal protection, and convinced that urgent and effective national and international action is called for;
Aware that the members of the United Nations have, in the Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person;
Deeply concerned with the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict and on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography;
Guided by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights, Declaration of the Rights of the Child, and by the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
1. Reaffirms the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development;
2. Proclaims The child shall not be admitted to employment before an appropriate minimum age; he should not be permitted to engage in any occupation or employment which would affect his health or education, or interfere with his physical, mental or moral development;
3. Calls upon all members to strengthen cooperation and coordination at the national and the international levels to address the problem of child labour, in close cooperation, with the International Labour Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund;
4. Encourages all States to take all necessary measures to ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by children with disabilities and to develop and enforce legislation against their discrimination;
5. Further Requests Governments to facilitate the active participation of child victims of sexual exploitation and abuse in the development and implementation of strategies to protect children from sexual exploitation and abuse;
6. Deplores the kidnapping of children in situations of armed conflict, urges States, international organizations and other concerned parties to take appropriate measures to secure the unconditional release of all abducted children, and urges States to bring the criminals to justice;
7. Strongly condemns the targeting of children in situations of armed conflict, including killing and maiming, sexual violence, abduction and forced displacement, recruitment and use of children in armed conflict in violation of international law, and attacks on objects protected under international law, including places that usually have a significant presence of children such as schools and hospitals, and calls on all parties concerned to put an end to such practices;
8. Reaffirms the commitment of States to prevent the abduction of, the sale of or trafficking in children for any purpose or in any form and to protect children from all forms of sexual exploitation and abuse, in accordance with articles 35 and 34 of the Convention;
9. Urges States and the United Nations system to facilitate the disarmament, demobilization, rehabilitation and reintegration of children used as soldiers in violation of international law, and calls upon, in particular, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, UNICEF, the UNHCR and other relevant agencies of the United Nations system to intensify their efforts in this regard;
10. Recommends that, whenever sanctions are imposed, their impact on children be assessed and monitored and that humanitarian liberation be child-focused and formulated with clear guidelines for their application;
Good Morning\Evening Everyone, From the forgotten birthplace of civilization, we stand in front of
you today to express our disgust in how the issue of human rights is dealt
with today. Everyone here must understand the huge diversity of cultures
in our world. It should not be a group of imperialistic states that
decide what the principles of human rights are. Those so-called human
rights principles are designed for a specific set of cultures.
They boast, as they always do, that they are the modern society in today's world and that all nations, no matter how culturally diverse they are, must blindfoldedly follow them. Those remainders of pilgrims, what would they know about the foundations of society. Our Deputy Foreign Minister Vu Khoan once answered a
Western reporter's question regarding the Vietnam government's human
rights record by remarking: "You like a human rights whisky, I prefer alcohol made from rice. Let's drink together." Thank You
Good Morning\Evening Everyone,
From the forgotten birthplace of civilization, we stand in front of you today to express our disgust in how the issue of human rights is dealt with today. Everyone here must understand the huge diversity of cultures in our world. It should not be a group of imperialistic states that decide what the principles of human rights are. Those so-called human rights principles are designed for a specific set of cultures. They boast, as they always do, that they are the modern society in today's world and that all nations, no matter how culturally diverse they are, must blindfoldedly follow them. Those remainders of pilgrims, what would they know about the foundations of society.
Our Deputy Foreign Minister Vu Khoan once answered a Western reporter's question regarding the Vietnam government's human rights record by remarking: "You like a human rights whisky, I prefer alcohol made from rice. Let's drink together."