Canada
Country: Canada


Event: Pearl-MUN 2001

Student: Haya Al Anjari



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Canada




The Canadian National Anthem



Oh Canada

O Canada, terre de nos aieux,
Ton front est ceint de fleurons glorieux.
Car ton bras sait porter l'épée,
Il sait porter la croix.
Ton histoire est une épopée
Des plus brillants exploits.
Et ta valeur, de foi trempée,
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.

English:

O Canada!
Our home and native land!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!
From far and wide,

O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.


The Canadian Confederacy









COUNTRY PROFILE: CANADA


Canada is a land of vast distances and rich natural resources Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across an unfortified border. Its paramount political problem continues to be the relationship of the province of Quebec, with its French-speaking residents and unique culture, to the remainder of the country.


Political structure:

Description of government structure:

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II

Governor-general: Romeo LeBlanc (governor-general represents the Queen in Canada)

Head of Government: Prime Minister Jean Chretien (Liberal Party of Canada)

Canada has a bicameral Parliament The House of Commons and the Senate) The members of the House of Commons are elected at least every five years in a "first past the post" electoral system. Members of the Senate are appointed by the Prime Minister and serve until age 75. The Senate has 104 members.


Natural resources...

Canada's natural resources consist of: -iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, silver, fish, timber, Environment - current issues: air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities

Environment- international agreements:

Party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling Signed but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic- Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, and hydropower.

They are in trade with ..... US 77%, Japan 3%, UK, Germany, France, Mexico, Taiwan, South Korea (1998)( imports)/ (exports) US 84%, Japan 3%, UK, Germany, South Korea, Netherlands, China(l 99g)Population: 31,281,092 (July 2000 est.)


Population:

Age structure:

O-I-years: 19% (male 3,077,994; female 2,932,821)

15-65 years- 68% (male 10,714,305, female 10,591,494)

65 years and over: 13% (male 1,683,704; female 2,280,774) (2000 est.) Canada's Population growth rate is 1.02% (2000 est.) its birth rate is 11.41 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)its death rate is 7.39 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)its immigration rate is 6.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.) Canada's nationality is Canadian, Canada's ethnic groups are British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26% .Their religion is Roman Catholic 42%, Protestant 40%, other 18% . the languages the people speak are : English 5').3% (official), French 23.2% (official), other 17.5%


Defense:

Most of Canada's military power is depended on the US. Military expenditures - dollar figure: $7.4 billion (FY97/98) Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 1.2%


Geography:

Canada is located in the Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and North Pacific Ocean, north of the conterminous US. Its total area is 9,976,140 sq km ( land and water) its slightly larger than the US. Canada's climate varies from temperate in south to sub-arctic and arctic in the north.

Economy:

As an affluent, high-tech industrial society, Canada today closely resembles the US in its market-oriented economic system, pattern of production, and high living standards. Since World War Ii, the impressive growth of the manufacturing, mining, and service sectors has transformed the nation from a largely rural economy into one primarily industrial and urban. Real rates of growth have averaged nearly 3.0% since 1993. Unemployment is falling and government budget surpluses are being partially devoted to reducing the large public sector debt. The 1999 US-Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) (which included Mexico) have touched off a dramatic increase in trade and economic integration with the US. With its great natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern capital plant Canada enjoys solid economic prospects. Two shadows loom, the first being the continuing constitutional impasse between English- and French-speaking areas, which has been raising the possibility of a split in the federation. Another long-term concern is the flow south to the US of professional persons lured by higher pay, lower taxes, and the immense high-tech infrastructure

Crime and crime prevention in Canada:

Under the proposed legislation, youths 14 or older would get adult sentences if they commit very serious crimes like murder or sexual assault. However, they could be sentenced as youths if the defense could persuade a court to do so.

Drug control and rehabilitation Programs;

MONTREAL (CP) - Justice Robert Flahiff of Quebec Superior Court was sentenced to three years imprisonment Friday for laundering drug money. But his lawyers immediately fried an appeal of the sentence, paving the way for Flahiffs possible release from prison later Friday. Flahiff was found guilty in January of laundering $ 1 .7 million between 1989 and 1 991 when he was still a lawyer. Crown prosecutor Bruno Pateras was satisfied with the sentence handed out by Quebec Court Judge Serge Boisvert.

"It shows that is a very serious offense," Pateras said. "The judge said the offense money laundering - helps drug traffickers. After the Feb. 2 John R. Starr column on legalizing medicinal marijuana, 1 felt obliged to point the reading public to a book called "Ain't Nobody's Business If You Do: The Absurdity of Consensual Crimes in Our Free Country" by Peter McWilliams. Until 1937, hemp cultivation was not only acceptable, but encouraged. In Colonial times, one could be fined for failing to grow the proper amount of it. Albeit most of this was for use in rope and textiles, but it still played an important role in medicine. No less a personage than Queen Victoria had it prescribed to her. In addition to analgesic and euphoric properties, cannabis can also help combat the lack of appetite (wasting) that afflicts AIDS patients and leaves them open to opportunistic germs.


Racism:

The Canadian Race Relations Foundation aims to help bring about a more harmonious Canada that acknowledges its racist past, recognizes the pervasiveness of racism today, and is committed to creating a future in which all Canadians are treated equitably and fairly.

The Canadian Race Relations Foundation is governed by a Board of Directors consisting of a Chair and up to nineteen other directors appointed by the Governor in Council (Cabinet). CRRF Directors serve for terms of up to three years, which are renewable. Its Executive Director, who is appointed for a term of up to five years and who serves as a non-voting Board member, manages the Foundation's day-to-day operations. CRRF Directors come from all areas of Canada and, collectively, bring to the Foundation a rich diversity of ethno cultural heritage and a wealth of expertise.


Canada and the United Nations

The United Nations is the only multilateral organization whose membership approaches universality and whose agenda encompasses all areas of human activity, in every region of the world. It is, in effect, the marketplace at which much of the world's multilateral diplomacy is conducted, the mechanism through which the views of the international community are given expression, and the forum in which grievances are aired and, when Member States are so inclined, resolved. The UN's ability to live up to its founders' ideals, and to its potential, is almost exclusively determined by the 188 countries which, collectively, constitute the United Nations. Our successes are its successes; our failures, its failures. This Organization can accomplish only that which its Member States allow.

Canada has been an active and committed participant in the United Nations since its founding in 1945 in San Francisco, where Canada played a key role in the drafting of the Charter. Individual Canadians have served vital roles within the United Nations, and many of the Organization's great accomplishments have had a Canadian dimension. For example, fifty years ago John Humphrey was the principal author of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; Lester Pearson helped to invent the concept of peacekeeping, winning the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to resolve the Suez Crisis of 1956; and Maurice Strong chaired both the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, in Stockholm, and the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, in Rio de Janeiro, and also served as founding Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program. Canadians have occupied key positions within the United Nations System, including the Presidency of the General Assembly (Lester Pearson, in 1952-53) and Canada served on the Security Council in 1948-49,1958-59,1967-68, 1977-78 and 1989-90. In January 1998, a Canadian, Louise Frichette, was appointed the first-ever UN Deputy Secretary-General.

 

Policy Statements

 

Resolution

Delegate: Haya Al-Anjari

Delegation: Canada

Issue: drug control and rehabilitation

Defining a drug as: A chemical substance, such as a chemical substance, such as a narcotic or hallucinogen, that affects the central nervous system, causing changes in behavior and often addiction,

Bearing in mind that in Early 2001 the International Narcotics Control Board Report says drug trafficking continues to increase in Canada. Report also says that efforts to eradicate cannabis have been made,

Draws attention to police and government corruption,

Deeply concerned of the effect that drugs have on Canada's people,

Expressing it appreciation ,to the United Nations drug control comity (UNDCC) for its working with other organizations to help eliminate this lethal habit.

Draws attention to:

(A) the severe heroin epidemic in Dublin

(B) Mexican drug traffickers

(C) Italian drug traffickers

Supports a drug free environment,

Encourages countries in the UN. that are against drug abuse within all regions to the establishment of campaigns to help educate the citizens of the effect of drugs to a person to help increase the amount of anti drug campaigns,

Condemns drug smugglers and dealers around the world,

A) For contributing to the breakdown if development.

B) Killing and ruining the lives of many.

C) preventing or children from their freedom.

Confirms we need to establish new law that prevent drug smugglers and dealers from continuing their current operations

Resolves that extra funding should be granted to the (UNDCC),

A) the funds will be contributed to more anti drug campaigns

B) to help educate the citizens of the effect of drugs on a person.

C) The funds would be taken from the UN (1.5%)

Further resolves: the implementation of the aforementioned law

a) This law should be implemented on whoever carries drugs but before the punishment the person would be able to have the right of speech and prosecution:

b) When the person is found guilty he should be in either a life sentence or a rehabilitation program depending on his or her condition.

c) The UN should reinforce this law for it provides sufficient mean to resolve this problem.

 

Opening Speech



Statement of the Delegate