ECOSOC President's ReportEvent: Pearl-MUN 2001
Student: Nouf Al FraihLinks to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2000-2001 Team page
The ECOSOC achieved many accomplishments in the 2001 Pearl- MUN hosted event. The ECOSOC debated four issues, Drug control and rehabilitation programs, measures to eliminte discrimination, racism, and xenophobia, Improving the financial system of the United Nations, and Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.
During the given time the ECOSOC debated 4 resolutions, 2 about drug control and rehabilitation programs, improving the financial system of he United Nations, and measures to eliminate discrimination, racism and xenophobia.
Due to the lack of time, the resolution on crime prevention and criminal justice wasn't debated. Two of the resolutions debated passed, while the other two failed. The first resolution that passed was the submitted by Benin about eliminating discrimation, and the other one was submintted by Brazil on Drug control and rehabilitaiton Programs. Moreover, teh ECOSOC presented an emergency situation which led to signing two treaties. One that was between India and Greenpeace, and the other one between Greenpeacem ASEAN, China, USA, UK and France.
* All passed resolution are in unamended form.
** Benin's resolution is in pre-lobbied and merged form.
The Treaty of the Spratley (Also in the Emergency Situation Folder)
Signed on the date of 24th May ?24th May 2001
In the United Nations ECOSOC
Between the nations and organization of:
1. Green Peace
2. Countries of ASEAN
We, the nations listed above agree to the following points:
1. China will provide Green Peace with two ships that are currently operating successfully.
2. China will pay the families of the victims of the incident their salaries for the next 25 years that they would have received if they had remained alive.
3. China will pay each family an emotional fee of $1500 USD per victim.
4. China will submit a formal and public apology to Green Peace, countries of ASEAN, U.S.A, U.K. and France.
5. China will also submit a detailed and valid explanation of itís motives for firing a missile at the Green Peace ship.
6. In return, the above nations and organizations will accept Chinaís apology and cancel their lawsuits against it in the International Court of Justice.
All points above are considered to be in effect after ratification by ALL of the countries listed in this treaty. Attested:
1.Ambassador of Green Peace
2. Ambassador of ASEAN
3. Ambassador of China
4. Ambassador of USA
5. Ambassador of UK
7. Ambassador of France
ECOSOC Chairs Secretary General
The Treaty of Indo-Green PACT (Also in the ES Report)
Signed on the date of 24th May 2001
In the Untied Nations ECOSOC
Between the nations of:
1. Green Peace
We, the nations listed above agree to the following points
1. India agrees to let Green Peace enter its territory and provide assistance by minimizing the effects caused by the nuclear leakage for a certain period of time specified by India.
2. Access to Indiaís Atomic Research Institutes will be restricted by Indian Officials according to their policy.
3. India will not provide any financial assistance to Green Peace for its services.
All the above are considered to be in effect after ratification by ALL of the countries in this treaty. Attested:
Ambassador of Green Peace
Ambassador of India
ECOSOC Chairs Secretary General
The Republic of Benin Resolution on Xeonphobia Passed)**
Forum: General Assembly (ECOSOC)
Delegation: The Republic of Benin
Delegate: Talal S. Al-Rashoud
Question of: Taking effective measures to eliminate racism, racial discrimination, and xenophobia.
Defining discrimination as the treatment or consideration based on class or category;
Noting that the child slave trade is a clear form of discrimination;
Defining the child slave trade as the trade of minors for work and labor purposes in which the minor receives little or no pay;
Looking upon all forms of the child slave trade as an illegal practice;
Noting with deep concern that in Central and West Africa alone, at least 200,000 children are sold into the child slave trade each year;
Further noting that the children sold into this trade are forced to do hard labor with little or no pay, are made to live in appalling conditions, and are physically and mentally abused. Some also become prostitutes;
Emphasizing the malevolency of this barbaric practice and its effects on the children and on society; UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) and all other organizations that are working to abolish this cruel and inhumane practice;
1-Draws the attention of the international community to this severe problem and the importance of solving it;
2-Strongly urges all countries to:
One) Reconstitute the laws in context of considering the child slave trade an illegal practice (if these laws are not already constituted),
Two) Reconstitute the laws in context of banning all forms of the child slave trade with no exceptions (if these laws are not already constituted),
Three) Taking effective measures to ensure the enforcement of the ban on child slave trading,
3-Appeals to the international community to give all help needed and to co-operate with each other to annul all forms of the child slave trade;
4-Requests that the international community fully support UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) and its operations involving the child slave trade;
5-Further requests that all countries suffering from this phenomenon make their citizens aware of the problem and its severity through:
One) Awareness programs,
Two) Advertisement on television and radio,
Three)Advertisement in magazines and newspapers,
6- Resolves that all countries where the child slave trade exists should tighten border security to prevent trans-borderal child slave trade. This would involve:
One) Increasing border security personnel at both land and sea borders and ports,
Two) Conducting thorough searches of arriving vehicles and/or parties containing large numbers of minors,
Three)The development of trans-borderal intelligence in which neighboring countries would inform each other of suspected or suspicious vehicles/parties approaching each other's borders,
7- Further resolves that:
One) All countries should treat persons over 18 convicted of participating in trade and/or arranging the trade of minors as criminals and that they receive the adequate punishment of a 15-year jail sentence,
Two) Persons owning the vehicle in which the minors are transported (providing it is not stolen) should be required to serve a 3-year jail sentence and to pay a fine the equivalent of 5,000 US$,
Three) All minors found being traded should receive adequate care until they are claimed and/or their legal guardian/s are contacted and under no other circumstances should they be let free. Minors not claimed should be admitted to and orphanage or similar institution where they will be cared for until they reach legal age,
BRAZIL'S RESOLUTION ON DRUGS (Passed)*
Question of: Drug Reduction
Delegate: Khalid Al-Humaidhi
Defining Drugs as a substance that negatively affects the way an organism thinks or acts.
Deeply concerned about the spread of drugs worldwide and the fact that drugs can cause death.
Deeply aware that drug use in Brazil is widespread, and Brazil has become the corridor for cocaine to the US.
Approving the support by many countries' campaigns against drugs are not making a big enough effect to reduce drugs.
Recognizing that the campaigns are not achieving significant drug sales reduction.
Bearing in mind that the UN's organization for drug reduction has tried a significant amount to reduce the drug smuggling and the spread of drugs worldwide.
Deeply disturbed by the effect of drug growing and drug smuggling on the laborers employed in their cultivation:
a) The ill treatment of laborers and the forcing of them to work for the drug plantations for no money at all.
b) The spread of illnesses between the laborers due to the poor food and housing.
c) Laborers also become victims of the ongoing war between the criminal army of the drug lords and the law enforcement in certain countries.
Noting that drugs also have an effect on both drug addicts and innocent people through:
1) The spread of crime drug-related:
a) The killing of innocent people to protect drug organizations.
b) The killing of innocent people because of the actions that drug addicts take to get drugs.
2) The spread of AIDS due to drugs because of the sharing of needles.
1. Urges the UNHCHR (United Nations High Commissioner For Human Rights) and the UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Fund) to help laborers and children working on the drug fields to find alternative jobs.
2. Resolves that the world should give more attention to drugs then they are now to lessen the drugs worldwide.
3. Resolves to support drug-fighting agencies worldwide, to fight the drug problem by providing:
a) Training of investigators who will trace drug suppliers.
b) Information to drug-fighting agencies.
c) Funding to these agencies.
d) Technology to help in investigation.
4. Asks the UN to assist the countries which need help to end drug-smuggling with:
a) Training for the border army and personnel.
b) Equipment for the fight against drug smugglers.
c) Exchange of information.
5. Encourages UNICEF to provide early drug education to all countries so that the future generations will be better informed about the risks of drug abuse.
6. Resolves that the UN institutes further rehabilitation programs for drug addicts including:
a) Psychiatrists and psychologists who will help them deal with their personal problems
b) Biologists and specialized doctors to treat drug addicts.
c) Sufficient medication for drug addicts until they are cured.
7. Further requests the UN to pass a resolution demanding a life sentence for any convicted drug-dealer.
CUBA'S RESOLUTION ON DRUGS (Failed)
Question Of: Measures to eliminate drug trafficking Strengthening of co-operation and co-ordination in international drug control.
Recognizing the need to rationalize international information systems concerned with drug issues and the importance of cooperation between international organizations to achieve that aim,
Emphasizing the need for cost-effectiveness in the compilation and analysis of information on demand and supply reduction and for alleviating the burden on Member States in supplying information to the Secretariat (cleric staff),
1. Invites Governments to establish appropriate national mechanisms for the appropriate co-ordination of activities and co-operation between agencies engaged in drug abuse prevention, treatment and rehabilitation, the control of the supply of illicit drugs and the suppression of illicit trafficking,
2. Condemns vigorously the high production of drugs around the world,
3. Reaffirms the responsibility of all the countries to put an end to drug trafficking and laundering money particularly the depraved Western Nation.
4.Asks all drug trafficker, drug dealers and smugglers to be punished severely,
One) for breaking the law of the governments,
Two) threating the health and lives of the citizens,
Three) to have a weaker society and security forces,
5. Notes also the serious repercussion off the illegal production and drug trafficking on close neighbors and asks to reinforce the international cooperation with the help of neighbor states to make efforts in putting an end to this drug trafficking,
6. Resolves the donations to the drug control organizations
One) are used to decrease the amount of drug trafficking in the world,
Two) should be taken from the UN budget (2%) and rich, developed countries,
c) will eliminate the amount of drug trafficking in the world,
8. Ask all countries to use the death penalty as punishment for drug dealers and jail for drug smugglers,
7. Draws the attention that the requested laws above are only done when,
One) the drug dealer, smuggler or abusers was caught red handed and is found guilty after trial,
Two) anyone is caught with a commercially marketable personal need amount of drugs is a drug dealer and must be killed,
Three) the government and people must cooperate together to enforce this law,
Four) Any palace that sells or buys drugs is considered an enemy and must be closed immediately and all people working in the current place must be punished,
8. Encourages the support of media in this particular situation,
One) To enforce an anti- drug attitude,
Two) To make notice to citizens about how harmful drug trafficking can be,
Three) To eliminate drug trafficking and increase anti drug efforts,
10. Requests the specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system, in particular, the Division of Narcotic Drugs of the United Nations Secretariat and the United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse Control, as well as the International Criminal Police Organization and the Customs Co-operation Council, to support, whenever possible, the efforts and initiatives undertaken by Governments as recommended in the present resolution;
11. Recommends that Governments and international organizations, could usefully consider the following activities in greater detail, with a view to implementing them:
(a) Studies of patterns of illicit consumption, with a view to bringing about greater awareness and sharing of information and providing policy guidance on effective countermeasures;
(b) Development of a methodology for the collection and analysis of data on the illicit traffic;
(c) Establishment of mechanisms for the speedy and secure exchange of information between drug law enforcement authorities locally, nationally and across common borders
(d) Improvement of co-ordination among all agencies concerned with regard to the scope, content and scheduling of seminars and other training programs, in order to enhance their effectiveness;
13. Further Requests the United Nations to hold depraved western society responsible for the increase sale of illegal drugs,
14. Strongly supports the United Nations to put an end to the illegal blockades, which forces poor people to deal drugs,
15. Further resolves that the UN should adopt and reinforce this law for it provided a sufficient mean to resolve this problem.
THE UK'S RESOLUTION ON DRUGS (NOT DEBATED)
Delegate: Latifa Al- Essa
Delegation: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Main Submitter: United Kingdom
Co-submitters: India, Netherlands, Norway
Issue: Drug control and Rehabilitation programs
Defining drug as "a chemical substance that disturbs the central nervous system, triggering changes in behavior and often addiction,"
Gravely concerned that despite continued improved effort by countries, international organizations and non-governmental organizations, the drug crisis is still a challenge in the world,
Emphasizes the significance of an action plan that aims at preventing the use of drugs and at reducing the unfavorable consequences of drug abuse,
Further emphasizes the need of a drug-free environment,
Encourages the nations to address the question of human rights to victims of abuse of psychotropic drug substances.
Convinced that countries should remain to play an active role and make an effectual contribution to countering the world drug problem,
Acknowledges with appreciation the increased efforts and accomplishments of many member states, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations to opposing drug abuse and unlawful production and use of drugs,
Resolves that all countries come together as one to solve the miserable problem of drugs once and for all,
1. Calls upon all countries to adopt effective measures, including national laws and regulations to reduce the problem of drugs;
2. Urges member states, the United Nation bodies, specialized agencies, and other international organizations to su
pport states if requested;
3. Draws the attention to countries in need of assistance and support, with the aim of increasing their capability to oppose unlawful drugs;
4. Condemns certain countries that don't acknowledge the increase of drugs as a worldwide problem;
5. Confirms that the association of illegal drugs severely harms:
a. The individual:-Physically, mentally, and emotionally,
b. The family of the individual,
c. The society,
d. The country,
6. Urges that all countries alert their people about the effects of drugs in many ways:
a. Articles in magazines, newspapers, handouts, etc.
b. Forming a drug awareness month,
c. Advertisements on television and radio,
7. Declares that individuals associated with drugs be put in different classes and different punishments, defined by the following;
a. Class A: These include cannabis oil, cocaine and crack, where consumption would yield a penalty of seven years and possession thirty-five years,
b. Class B: These include amphetamine, barbiturates, and codeine, where consumption would yield a penalty of five years and possession fourteen years,
c. Class C: These include minor tranquillizers, where consumption would yield a penalty of two years and possession five years,
8. Further resolves that all nations producing a significant amount of drugs listed in clause seven shall have United Nations Narcotics Centers established in those nations to enforce the penalties defined in clause seven;
9. Encourages the cooperation of countries to prevent cultivation of drug giving compensation for agricultural workers to replace the drugs with useful plants;
10. Further urges countries to realize that the only way to stop the problem of drugs in the future is by:
One. Preventing it to occur:
I- Increasing the vigilance at country borders to control drugs trafficking,
II- Increasing police activities,
III- Stimulating other leisure time activities,
b. Providing special care rehabilitation centers to bring back the drug addicts into the main stream of society;
11. Further reminds countries that the aims of stopping drugs include:
I. To help young people resist drug misuse in order to achieve their full potential in a society,
II. To protect communities from drug-related behavior,
III. To enable people with drug problems to overcome them and live healthy and crime-free lives,
IV. To strangle the accessibility of illegal drugs on streets,
12. Expresses its hope that the United Nations considers this resolution because the rapid increase of drugs is a worldwide dilemma and this resolution if passed can tackle the problem.
FORUM UN financial aid
Recognizing that Japan and other UN members have helped in supporting the UNís finance but with no recognition,
Recognizing that there is some unfairness in the way of determining the financial contributions to the UN,
Aware of financial contributions are determined by each nation's gross national product and economic situation,
Recognizing that other UN members are not helping in maintaining a good UN budget,
Aware of the shortage of the UN budget,
1. Urges all UN members to start considering the low UN budget,
2. Strongly Urges some type of recognition that will give countries that are aiding the UNís finance some power extra power in the UN,
3. Convinced that the financial contributions should change:
One) 35% paid by SC members (counties with VETO)
Two) 10% paid by poor countries
Three) 35% paid by rich countries
Four) 20% paid by other countries and contributions
4. Requests all UN debtors to pay back the debt before time and those that do will get a 2% discount on there debts.
5. Urges all countries to try to help maintain a good UN budget
DR CONGO'S BUDGET RESOLUTION (Not Debated)
QUESTION OF: Improving the Financial Situation if the United Nations
DELEGATION: Democratic Republic of the Congo
DELEGATTE: Nada Al- Mousa
Welcoming everyone's effort and aid to improve the financial situation of the United Nation,
Deeply disturbed by how quickly the financial income of the United Nations is decreasing. And further, some permanent members of the SC are not paying their dues,
Noting with deep concern that this issue will effect most countries world wide if not solved,
1. Draws attention to the financial income of the UN that is decreasing rapidly,
2. Strongly condemns the countries that do not pay their dues,
3. Alarmed that the US continues to support the rebels that attempt to overthrow the government of DR Congo, and yet don't pay their UN dues,
4. Supports the countries that pay their dues on time and give a considerable amount of donations,
5. Bearing in mind the UN stated that the financial problems were so bad, that for the first time ever, the UN was forced to adopt a zero growth budget.
6. Further resolves the UN's financial situation be improved by a three year plan for the re-organization of the UN;
One) Issuing bonds to countries which owe money to the UN;
Two) Expanding and accelerating reforms in the management of the organization;
Three) Simplification and rationalization on the structure of the organization
Four) Member states assisting the UN in their reform;
Five) Supporting the efforts being taken;
7. Noting the United Nations is currently seeking more that $1 billion from the United States in back dues,
8. Further noting the United Nations typically underspends its budget $50-70 million each year, which is then returned to the member nations,
9. Expresses its hope that all delegations
One) Pay their dues on time
Two) Donate a reasonable amount of money.