Italy

Student: Yousef Dashti

Event: Pearl-MUN 2001

 

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The Italian National Anthem


Inno di Mameli (Hymn of Mameli)

Original Italian Words

Fratelli d'Italia
L'Italia s'è desta
Dell'elmo di Scipio
S'è cinta la testa
Dov'è la vittoria
Le porga la chioma
Chè schiava di Roma
Iddio la creò
Stringia moci a coorte
Siam pronti alla morte
(repeat)

L'Italia chiamò
Stringia moci a coorte
Siam pronti alla morte
(repeat)

L'Italia chiamò, sì
(repeat entire song)

English Translation

Italian Brothers,
Italy has awakened,
She has wreathed her head
With the helmet of Scipio.
Where is Victory?

She bows her head to you,
You, whom God created
As the slave of Rome.
Let us band together,
We are ready to die,
(repeat)

Italy has called us.
(repeat previous four lines)

(repeat entire song)

Italy


 

 

 

Country Profile Italy

Political Structure:

Italy is a republican country divided into 20 administrative divisions; Abruzzi, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardia, Marche, Molise, Piemonte, Puglia, Sardegna, Sicilia, Toscana, Trentino-Alto Adige, Umbria, Valle d'Aosta, and Veneto.

The exectutive branch consists of the chief of staff of Italy is currently President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (since 13 May 1999). Head of staff is the Prime minister (or referred to in Italy as the president of the Council of Ministers) Massimo D`alema (since 21 October 1998). The cabinet, or council of Ministers are nominated by the prime minister and approved by the president. An electoral college consisting of both houses of Parliament and 58 regional representatives for a seven-year term in office undergoes the election of the president. The prime minister is appointed by the president and confirmed by the parliament. The last election results held in May 1999 was Carlo Azeglio Ciampi with a 70% vote of the Electoral College.

The legislative branch is the bicameral Parliament that consists of the Senate (315 seats elected by popular vote of which 232 are directly elected and 83 are elected by regional proportional representations plus, in addition, there are a small number of senators-for-life including former presidents of the republic; members serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies (630 seats; 475 are directly elected, 155 by regional proportional representation; members serve five-year terms). The last Senate was elected in 21 April 1996, and the last Chamber of deputies was elected in 21 April 1996.

The Judical branch is the Constitutional Court that is composed of 15 judges (one-third of them are appointed by the president, one-third are elected by Parliament, and one-third are elected by the ordinary and administrative supreme courts).

The political parties and leaders are as shown below:

Bonino List or LB (used to be the Autonomous List, a group of minor parties) [Emma BONINO]; Center-Left Coalition (used to be the Olive Tree) [Massimo D'ALEMA] - Democrats, DS, FdV, PdCI, PPI, RI, UDEUR; Christian Democratic Center or CCD [Pier Ferdinando CASINI]; Christian Democratic Union or CDU [Rocco BUTTIGLIONE]; Communist Renewal or RC [Fausto BERTINOTTI]; Democratic Party [Arturo PARISI]; Democratic Party of the Left or DS [Walter VELTRONI]; Forza Italia or FI [Silvio BERLUSCONI]; Freedom Alliance (a center-right coalition) [leader Silvio BERLUSCONI] - FI, AN, CCD; Green Federation or FdV [Grazia FRANCESCATO]; Italian Communist Party or PdCI [Armando COSSUTA]; Italian Democratic Socialists or SDI [Enrico BOSSELLI]; Italian Popular Party or PPI [Pierluigi CASTAGNETTI]; Italian Renewal or RI [Lamberto DINI]; Italian Social Movement-Tricolored Flame or MSI-FT [Pino RAUTI]; National Alliance or AN [Gianfranco FINI]; Northern League-Padania or NL-Padania [Umberto BOSSI]; Radical Party (formerly Panella Reformers) [Marco PANELLA]; Republican Party or PR [Giorgio LA MALFA]; Southern Tyrols People's Party or SVP (German speakers) [Siegfried BRUGGER]; Union of Democrats for Europe or UDEUR [Clemente MASTELLA]; Union for the Republic or UPR [Francesco COSSIGA]

The political pressure groups and leaders are as shown below:

Italian manufacturers and merchants associations (Confindustria, Confcommercio); organized farm groups (Confcoltivatori, Confagricoltura); Roman Catholic Church; three major trade union confederations (Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro or CGIL [Sergio COFFERATI] which is left wing, Confederazione Italiana dei Sindacati Lavoratori or CISL [Sergio D'ANTONI] which is Catholic centrist, and Unione Italiana del Lavoro or UIL [Pietro LARIZZA] which is lay centrist)

 

Natural Resources:

Most of the industries produce machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, footwear, ceramics, and tourism. On the other hand, the Agricultural products include fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, and dairy products; fish. Most raw materials needed by industry and more than 75% of energy requirements are imported, this shows that Italy cannot feed its own country with its resources.

The energy resources the Italy consumes is fossil fuel: 80.22%, hydro: 17.3%, and other simple energy resources: 2.48%. These energy resources are imported into Italy from various countries like Kuwait (Q8).

The natural resources in Italy are mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, dwindling natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal, and arable land.

Agriculture in Italy encountered notable difficulties due to the fall in prices on foreign markets and the backward conditions of a large part of the countryside, as well as the scourge of malaria. The industry was a growth area. The textile industry, with its two main sectors of silk and cotton, as well as the metallurgical and mechanical industries were favored by increasing supplies of electrical energy from the newly built water-powered plants in the upper Alpine and Apennine valleys.

 

Cultural Factors:

Italy’s ethnic groups are mainly Italian that include small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south. The religions in Italy are predominately Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community.

There are a couple of problems that interrupt with the peace of the Italian cultural factors. One is the growing Muslim Albanian community that is deeply disturbing the Italian government. With that, the government has decreased the immigration rate to avoid a large Muslim community dominating the Italian region.

Another conflict is between the north region of Italy and the south region. The numerous and complex problems of the new State emerged the need to bring uniformity to a territory that was so politically and economically diverse. The indiscriminate application of the administrative, judicial and fiscal structures of the old Piedmont was to create a further divide between Italy's more economically developed Northern and Central regions and the structurally weaker Southern region (the Mezzogiorno). A mass emigration of peasants and the poorest classes to the two Americas occurred (in the decades spanning the 19-20C the number reached several million) and the so-called southern question took root. The country's social conditions were marked by a strong contrast between rural and urban environments. The south saw frequent protests by the peasants over the burden of taxation (such as the notorious milling tax), while the industrial proletariat gradually organized itself into political associations and trade unions. From the latter there arose in 1892 the foundation of the Partito Socialista, partly drawn from anarchic and equalitarian movements, and then in 1896 the Democrazia Cristiana party was established, inspired by the principles in the `Rerum novarum' of Leo XIII published in 1891. The participation of the outstanding representatives of these movements to parliamentary activities greatly enlivened political debate, which had been limited in the first decades of national unity to the differences between the deputies of the old right monarchists and liberals and the left republicans and reformists.

 

Defense:

The defensive branch of Italy is divided into four Military branches, The Army, Navy, Air force, and the Carabinieri. The military age is set at 18 years of age, and the available manpower is 14,315,634 at ages between 15 and 49. The available manpower fit for military services is 12,331,306 at ages between 15 and 49. With that, the reaching military age is 311,160 males annually. Military expenditures are $23.294 billion and that is 1.7% of the GDP percentage.

This shows that Italy is a quite strong country that can defend itself from various countries, but not other powerful countries like the U.S.A.

 

Geography:

Italy is located in southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia. The geographic coordinates are 42 50 N, 12 50 E. The total are that Italy covers is 301,230 sq km, 294,020 sq km of that is land, and 7,210 sq km of that is water. This includes the Sardinia and Sicily islands.

Italy’s boundaries meet Austria, France, Holy See (Vatican City), San Marino, Slovenia, and Switzerland. The total land boundary that Italy has with other countries is 1,932.2 km, plus its coastline that is 7,600 km.

The climate in Italy is predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in the far north, but in the south it is hot and dry. Its terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous, but there are some plains and coastal lowlands.

 

Economy:

Italy has an expanded industrial economy with approximately the same total and per capita output as France and the UK. This capitalistic economy remains divided into a developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a less developed agricultural south, with more than 20% unemployment. For several years Italy has adopted budgets compliant with the requirements of the European Monetary Union (EMU); representatives of government, labor, and employers also agreed to an update of the 1993 "social pact," which has been widely credited with having brought Italy's inflation into agreement with EMU requirements. Italy must work to stimulate employment, promote wage flexibility, hold down the growth in pensions, and tackle the informal economy. Growth was 1.3% in 1999 and should edge up to 2.6% in 2000, led by investment and exports.

Italy’s GDP is $1.212 trillion and the real growth rate is 1.3%. The per capita income is at 21,400 and the GDP arrangement by sector is as follows.

1. Agriculture: 2.6%

2. Industry: 31.6%

3. Services: 65.8%

The current inflation rate is at 1.7% and the unemployment rate is at 11.5%. The labor force is 23.193 million laborers that are divided into the following:

1. Services: 61%

2. Industry 32%

3. Agriculture: 7%

Italy’s budget is at $530 billion in revenues and $522 billion in expenditures. Plus its Industrial production growth rate is 1.9%. Italy’s exports are at $242.6 billion which its commodities are engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco, minerals and nonferrous metals. Its export partners are the EU countries; 56% (Germany 16.5%, France 12.7%, UK 7.2%, Spain 5.8%, Netherlands 2.9%), plus the US; 8.5% (1998).

Italy’s imports are at $206.9 billion at which its commodities are engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages and tobacco. Plus its trading partners are EU; 61% (Germany 18.8%, France 13.12%, UK 6.47%, Netherlands 6.2%, Belgium-Luxembourg 4.7%), and the US; 5.1% (1998). With that, the external debt on Italy is $45 billion, but its economic aid donor, which is the ODA, has accepted to lend Italy $1.3 billion.

 

History:

The First World War:

The direct participation of the masses in national political life occurred in 1913 with the introduction of universal suffrage, although women were still excluded. Consequently, on the eve of the First World War (1914-18) Italy appeared on the international scene as a country that was more socially uniform, freer in its choices (which then swayed, often with passionate dispute, between interventionism and pacifism) and altogether more modern in its organization than immediately after its unification.

The cooling of relations with Austria and the renewal of Irredentist designs on the Trentino and Venezia Giulia lead to a reversal of Italy's traditional European alliances and she fought on the side of the Allies, together with France and England. The outcome of the war, which also saw the presence of the United States of America, despite the grave crisis of Caporetto (November 1917), was in Italy's favour. At the Conference of Versailles (1919) Italy received the Trentino, Alto Adegi, Venezia Giulia and the Dodecanese, while being refused Fiume and Dalmatia. A reaction to this followed with the occupation of Fiume (1919-20) by the legionaries of Gabriele D'Annunzio.


In the context of the grave political crisis following the war, from which Italy had emerged victorious but economically ruined due to her efforts, the country underwent a series of political and social agitations that the weak government of the period was unable to control. One remnant of the war was however resolved with the Treaty of Rapallo (1920) by which Dalmatia, with the exception of Zadar, went to the new State of Yugoslavia, formed from the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and Italy's possession of Istria was confirmed. Fiume was also declared a free town but was annexed by Italy only three years later with a specific agreement between Italy and Yugoslavia.

In this period were founded a number of political parties; Partito Popolare (1919), by Luigi Sturzo, as a continuation of the Democrazia Cristiana; Partito Comunista d'Italia (1921, at Leghorn), from a split with the Partito Socialista and led by Antonio Gramsci; and, finally, the Fasci di Combattimento of Benito Mussolini, previously a socialist leader and an ardent interventionist. This latter movement, after having obtained 35 deputies in the 1921 election, transformed itself into the Partito Nazionale Fascista equipped with a revolutionary programme that, after the episode of the March on Rome of 28 October 1922, brought Mussolini to the head of a government.

Fascism (dictatorship):

Having obtained a parliamentary majority in the 1924 election and the following year passed a law increasing the powers of the head of government, it was in 1926, with the abolition of all the other political parties, that the Fascist dictatorship formally began. By such means Mussolini, both on the national and international level, was able to expand without any further formal hindrance. In 1929 following the Concordato with the Catholic Church, he also managed to gain the support or at least not the hostility of the Church itself an through this the Catholic masses, which were equivalent to the majority of Italians. Such consensus increased also because of an undoubted improvement in the country's economic condition and a policy of social reform involving the poorest classes.

The continuation of land reclamation, already begun in the previous century even before the unification, increased the amount of land under cultivation with a satisfactory level of basic provisions. Examples of these initiatives can be found in the `grain battle' and the draining of the agro pontino, which produced an entirely new piece of territory. At the same time, industry was being brought up to date and developed, especially after the world economic crisis of 1929. The Istituto Mobiliare Italiano was created in 1931 to provide credit for industry and the Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale (1933) began the era of public intervention in large-scale industrial reform.

In its external policy the Fascist regime especially sought prestige by further colonial expansion, as that into Ethiopia (1935-36) or participation in the Spanish Civil War on the side of Franco's forces. Gradually, Italy's good relations with France, Britain and the Soviet Union (whose revolutionary government Italy was the first country to recognize) deteriorated, while her links with Hitler's Germany increased (Rome-Berlin Axis, 1936). In 1939 the Pact of Steel with Germany, after an initially non-belligerent phase, inevitably dragged Italy, in 1940, into the tragic events of the Second World War (1939-45). Italy's increasingly unsuccessful war, fought on many fronts and against better trained and equipped armies, overwhelmed Mussolini in 1943, when he was censured by his own party. He was replaced as head of government by the Marshall Pietro Badoglio, who immediately signed an armistice with the allied powers (3 September 1943). The formation of a new government by Mussolini in Northern Italy, the Repubblica Sociale Italiana based at Sal?, with the support of Germany and in opposition to the monarchial government (temporarily based at Brindisi) provoked a civil war. This was only brought to an end by the intervention of the allied armies, the formation of the partisans, the abdication of the king and the end of Mussolini (28 April-2 May 1945).

After an interlude with several national coalition governments and the provisional rule of Umberto II of Savoy, Alcide De Gasperi of the Democrazia Cristiana became President of the Council. On 2 June 1946 the results of the institutional referendum brought to an end the monarchy of the House of Savoy (its last king, Umberto II, going into exile) and heralded the republic which was officially proclaimed on 18 June 1946. Enrico De Nicola was elected as the Republic's first President. Under the government led by De Gasperi, the first parliamentary assembly to be freely elected by the people began work on the new Constitutional Charter that was to come into force on 1 January 1948.

Postwar Reconstruction:

Coming out of the Second World War completely ruined and crippled by the severe territorial restrictions imposed by the peace treaty (Paris, 1 February 1947), the new Italian Republic had to face the many problems of material and moral reconstruction. It did this with an impressive effort that in the space of a few years produced extraordinary results. Thanks were also due to the massive aid given by the United States through the Marshall Plan and made available to the other European countries, Germany included, that had been so heavily damaged in the conflict.

A policy of reconstruction and economic development was followed by the various governments in power after 1948, the year in which the party of the Democrazia Cristiana acquired a large parliamentary majority. Initially this took the form of severe anti-inflation measures and then a lifting of restrictions combined with public intervention through a re-launching of the Institute for the Reconstruction of Industry (the Senigallia Plan for the development of the iron and steel industry).

The establishment of the Cassa per il Mezzogiorno (funds for the development of Southern Italy) set in motion a complex series of extraordinary interventions to provide the southern regions with the necessary basic structures (roads, drainage, services etc.) to assist in economic and above all agricultural development. Agrarian reform was particularly necessary in combating the centuries-old landede states of the South. Nevertheless a new and even greater migration occurred, this time not overseas but towards the countries of northwestern Europe (Germany, France, Belgium, England, Switzerland etc.), where the post-war industrial boom required large quantities of manpower. However, the movement of population towards the north of Italy (Piedmont, Lombardy and Liguria) was even greater, due to the efforts of private initiative in creating an industrialized climate, whose rapid and often disorderly growth created talk of an `economic miracle'. This was borne witness to by the large increase in national income and a profound and radical transformation in the country's social and economic structure.

Even at the beginning of the 1960s, the majority of the working force was employed in the industrial sector, while agriculture continued to diminish and the service industries began their expansion. In the international sphere, with her entry to the United Nations and participation in military alliances and economic agreements with the other western countries (European and North American), Italy began to regain the dignity and prestige due to her geographical position and the richness of her historical and cultural traditions.

 

View on World Problems:

Developments and Problems in Recent Years:

To the centerist governments led by the Christian Democrats from the advent of the Republic, there followed at the beginning of the 1960s coalitions that were increasingly open to collaboration with the parties of the left. In particular with the Socialist Party after it had gradually loosened its close ties with the Communist Party. After the nationalization of the electrical industry in 1962 the socialists became part of the government.

Meanwhile, the policies of social reform combined with the imposition of taxation on investment returns and ground for building required to finance the provision of public housing, implemented by the governments presided over by Amintore Fanfani, provoked a loss of confidence. There was a general uncertainty on the national political scene in the face of a fundamental choice in economic policy, leading to a fall in investments and a critical contraction in share dealings. Thus came to an end in 1963-64 the long period of national economic growth that had carried Italy into the group of most industrialized nations.

Following this crisis, there occurred a new phase of economic expansion (1966-69), though at a slower rate. An economic plan was drawn up containing territorial implications requiring the institution of regions with autonomous powers of administration, legislation and management. In particular, special autonomous status, which was already in force, was conferred on the five peripheral regions of Valle d'Aosta, Trentino-Alto Adige, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia and Sicily.

From 1968, in line with protest movements in other European countries such as France and Germany and while, especially among the young, there was a growth in emotional participation condemning violent local conflicts in the under-developed regions of the third world, Italy also began to be involved in student and trade union agitation (1968-69). These increased in frequency and unfortunately produced episodes of collective violence.
They did however obtain considerable standard and economic concessions that all too soon reflected negatively on a national economy that was already weakened by a high level of consumption and a consequent imbalance in international trade. Thus, when in 1973 there was the energy crisis (provoked by yet another Arab-Israel conflict) that threw the world economy into confusion, Italy found herself in a particularly difficult situation. She was forced to absorb the grave consequences of a rate of inflation that even reached 20% per annum, while the numbers of unemployed grew to over two million, due to drastic cut-backs and failure of the weakest firms. The country's situation was aggravated considerably by the phenomenon of political and ideological terrorism, which was often allied with organized crime (the assassination of the Christian Democrat statesman Aldo Moro in 1978 formed the most significant episode).

Finally, during the first half of the 1980s there were national coalition governments (supported by the parties of the `constitutional arc') who weathered the political emergency and applied severe measures of economic austerity to contain consumption. The last of these governments being headed for the first time by members of the `lay' parties such as the republican Spadolini and the socialist Craxi. The national economic situation has registered a net improvement, with inflation falling to acceptable levels, a growth in investments (favoured by a reduction in trade union conflicts) and an improvement in the value of the lire, all within a climate of renewed faith in the capacity of the whole nation to develop.

Italy is also a member of many different organisations, some of these organizations are the AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CCC, CDB (non-regional), CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 7, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAIA (observer), MINURSO, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, and the ZC.

 

 

 

Policy Statements Italy

 

1. Crime Prevention and Criminal justice

Crime has always been a problem and continues to be a problem all around the world and preventing it is quite an unbreakable and tough task. Italy, although, applauds the many nations that have worked hard to try to reduce the amount of crime to a minimum rate. Italy also is deeply concerned for the future of crime and encourages all nations to act on this conflict to help people live more in peace, and with the combined power of all nations worldwide, Italy assures that the crimes that occur will decrease greatly, and expresses its hope for a world with less crime.

The most serious problem in Italy so far is the Mafian organization, but this organization has been greatly decreased in Italy, this is because of the continuos investigation from the Italian police and many other Crim preventing organizations. The United Nations can decrease this crisis if it gets all its members to cooperate with a resolution that proposes an increase crime prevention and more concentration on the issue of crime.

 

2. Improving the financial situation of the United Nations.

The United Nations has, so far, tamed the world from the game of war and has shown great success in keeping the world in harmony, although without problems. Italy realizes these problems and turns its view to the financial situation of the United Nations. If the financial situation could be assisted and raised, the United Nations is surely going to perform at an improved rate and at an enhanced quality. Therefore Italy urges all nations to act upon the United Nations by aiding it financially to improve its quality in doing its duty of serving the world.

Italy is, in fact, aiding the United Nations financially, and applauds other countries that are doing the same, but if all countries worldwide also act in aiding the United Nations, this would give the United Nations a great boost and would help it work on issues more effectively and fulfill its task on many problems.

 

3. Taking effective measures to eliminate racism, racial discrimination, and xenophobia.

Racism and racial discrimination has always been the cause for problems in many countries and that is one conflict that has gone on for some time now. The only solution for this disagreement is to simply keep every person with his or her own race. Through seperation, this conflict would be no more. Italy suffers because of a large Muslim community that is actually growing more and more each year. New problems are emerging due to the growth of this community. This is an example of one of the many problems that each country is afraid to face, because a country doesn’t want to be overthrown by another nation, and is trying to solve as quick as possible. Italy pressures other countries to face this difficulty and to resolve it as soon as possible before it is too late.

Italy also has come up with a solution to the growing Muslim community by setting barriers on its countries so that no more Muslims can enter the country, and this helps Italy from being overthrown by Muslims because, as everyone knows, Italy is an important Christian Nation that has the Vatican for one.

 

4. Drug control and rehabilitation programs.

Drugs is but a new dilemma that is facing the world, but its rapid pace in spreading has stunned the world and made it an everyday issue that is trying to be resolved. Italy does not hide the fact that it is an important gateway to drugs and therefore calls upon all countries to act in resolving this matter by spending more and more on rehabilitation centers and to append extra punishments to those who exercise the crime of selling drugs or even possessing it. Italy is deeply concerned about the future if this crisis prevails. Let’s turn its tide into hope so that the influence of drugs would lessen in due course.

 

 

Resolution Italy

Forum: Economic and Social Council

Delegation: Republic of Italy

Question of: Crime Prevention and Criminal justice

 

Defining crime as commission of an act or act of omission that violates the law and is punishable by the state.

Defining criminal justice as the system of law enforcement, the bar, the judiciary, corrections, and probation that is directly involved in the apprehension, prosecution, defense, sentencing, incarceration, and supervision of those suspected of or charged with criminal offenses.

Aware of the criminal activity that is increasing rapidly overtime throughout the world.

Bearing in Mind that significant moves should be made to decrease the increasing criminal activity worldwide.

Expressing its Appreciation towards the United Nation’s efforts to decrease criminal activity worldwide.

Confident that if all countries cooperate, this crisis will decrease dramatically within a short period of time.

Emphasizing that the United Nations should take measures to improve and increase its efforts towards crime prevention and criminal justice.

1.Draws attention to the fact that the criminal rate is increasing in almost every country.

2.Congratulates the United Nations and international organizations on their efforts towards crime prevention and criminal justice.

3. Regrets that some nations aren’t doing anything about their increasing criminal rate activity.

4. Further recommends that all countries worldwide should concentrate more on the issue of criminal justice and crime prevention.

5. Urges all countries to act immediately upon decreasing the crime rate worldwide at the shortest time possible.

6. Have Resolves the establishment of the United Nation’s Criminal Control Committee (UNCCC) that will be in charge of taking effective measures to gradually eliminate criminal activity through:

One. Increase the awareness through media programs that include:

a. Television advertisements

b. Radio advertisements

c. Street posters and signs

Two. Increase awareness through education showing the effects, harms, and abuses that range from physical, mental, and emotional crime through:

a. Speech campaigns in public places and schools

b. Special awareness programs in schools

7. Further Resolves that the UNCCC will be responsible for the forming of specialized hospitals and institutions, the number depending on the criminal rate in a country, that will provide:

One. All needs of psychologists, psychiatrist, etc…

Two. Specialized doctors, with assistant nurses that will take care of those physically abused.

Three. Provide all the medication needed to help all those in need.

8. Further resolves that the UNCCC will decrease the rate of crime by establishing and reinforcing the following laws:

One. Strictly applying ascending punishments for crimes of different degrees.

Two. The maximum punishment should be life sentence but should not include execution.

Three. In order to apply these punishments, a judicial committee should go over the crime and decide on the right punishment according to the crime committed.

Four. Form incentives for people to avoid committing crimes and find alternatives to attract criminals away from the "crime world" by providing:

a. Jobs that correspond with the persons talents and interests.

b. Life necessities such as shelter, food, etc…

9. Calls upon all countries to cooperate with this committee in order to decrease crime rate and gradually end it.

10. Expresses its hope to a cleaner world with less crime that makes the world a safer place to live in.

 



Opening Speech Italy

 

Honorable chair, fellow delegates, helpful admin staff, and distinguished guests… Buona sera:

As the restaurant filled up with a large crowd, the pizza, lasagna, and exotic pastas filled the room with a delightful and delicious aroma, and the champagne’s foam gently spilled atop the glass. The gentle accordion played a sweet song that gave everyone a joyful smile. The different Italian design outfits revealed a unique Italian taste. The parking outside filled with Ferrari’s, Lamborghini’s, Mazeratti’s, and more top class cars completely awed people with excitement and a fire of desire. This is Italia!

Aside from wishing that everyone could live in such splendor, Italy presents a crisis that, as Italy surely realizes, exists in every country worldwide, the problem of crime. Crime has given many people a sense of fear and dismay. This problem is also rising every single year and should be decreasing immediately. Italy knows, that with the joining of all countries around the world, this problem will gradually decrease to make the world a much better place to live.

Ringraziarlo / Gracee

Italy yields the floor to the chair…