Japan

Student: Ahmad Abduljader

Event: Pearl-MUN 2001

 

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The Japanese National Anthem


Kimigayo (His Majesty's Reign)

Kimi gayo wa
Chiyo ni yachiyo ni
Sazare ishi no
Iwao to nari te
Koke no musu made


English Translation

Thousands of years of happy reign be thine;
Rule on, my lord, till what are pebbles now
By age united to mighty rocks shall grow
Who's venerable sides the moss doth line.

Japan



Country Profile

Political Structures:

The Emperor is head of state but has no executive power and limited political activities only in ceremonial functions. The executive branch of the government consists of the Prime Minister and his cabinets. The Prime Minister and at least half of his cabinet have to be part of the Diet. The diet is the legislative branch. It consists of two houses, the House of Representatives and the House of Councilors. The 252-member House of Councilors is elected for six years by universal adult suffrage. One half of the councilors retire every three years. A system of proportional representation is used to elect50 of the councilors. The 500-member House of Representatives is directly elected for four years, 300 members are elected by the first –past-the-post system and 200 members elected under a system of proportional representation. The Diet chooses a Prime Minister who commands a majority in the Lower House. The PM, in turn appoints a Cabinet of Ministers, who are responsible to the Diet. The most important body is the House of Representatives because it can override bills passed by the house of councilors by a two-thirds vote. This means that it is more important than the house of councilors, which then means that, since the Prime Minister is part of this branch, the house has the most dominant power. Then there is the judiciary branch which serves as check and balance for the other two branches, and the highest organ of this branch is the supreme court that checks that all laws and actions are constitutional.

Natural Resources:

Japan has few natural resources. The main natural resources it has are; negligible (unimportant) mineral resources fish. There are also natural hazards, there are some dormant volcanoes, and some active volcanoes too. Sometimes there are seismic occurrences, mostly tremors every year, tsunamis (waves, tidal waves). These things can cause a change in the climate, hazardous waste, marine dumping, Ozone layer protection, endangers species. The environment current issues are air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain. That causes acidification of lakes and reservoirs, degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life. Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere. There are also some mineral resources; the main mining resource that Japan uses is coal because it is located close to the sea so transporting it is very cheap. The most important natural resources of Japan are primarily agricultural. Although arable land is limited, Japan has among the highest crop yields per land area sown in the world, and the country produces about 71 percent of its food. Japan's large waterpower potential has been extensively developed, but mineral resources are limited. The country must import most of its mineral requirements.

Cultural Factors:

The area of Japan is limited, but the population is big (126, 182, 077). The people there are Japanese; their main language is Japanese. In Japan there are two ethnic groups; they are…

1st) Japanese: 99.4%

B) Other: 0.6% (mostly Korean)

There are mostly Japanese people, and a little other, so that means that they get along. Their religions are both Shinto and Buddhist 84%, other 16% (including Christian 0.7%). Their education, people that are 15 and over can read and write. Japanese have been well known for being extremely respectful to their culture and are still carrying out most of the ancient Japanese traditions.

Defense:

Japan has a big military to defend it. These are some of the military branches: Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (Army), Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (Navy), and Japan Air Self-Defense Force (Air Force). If you want to enter the military you have to enter the right age, in Japan you have to be 18 years old to enter the military. Mostly the males that are between 15 to 49, are available, or are fit for military service. Japan has no nukes.

Geography:

Japan is located in Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula. Japan also has some islands known as the Bonin Islands; (Ogasawara-gunto), Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shoto), and Volcano Islands (Kazan-retto). Japan has no boundaries. The climate there varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north. The terrain there is mostly rugged and mountainous. The lowest point of elevation is Hachiro-gata; 4m, the highest point is Fujiyama; 3,776m. Note that Japan has a strategic location in northeast Asia. Japan is also mainly known for its mountainous terrain, where there is only some flat plains.

Views of world problems:

Japan is a member of the UN (United Nations), OECD and Apec. Japan isn’t getting along with some of the countries in Asia and especially China cause of the World War II (WWII), because of World War II there was racial hatred.

Economy:

Despite the generally crowded living conditions in the cities, the Japanese enjoy a high standard of living. The country has the second largest industrial is heavily economy in the world, despite having very few natural resources. Japanese industry is heavily dependent on imported raw materials-about 90% of Japan’s energy requirements are imported and petroleum is the single largest import. Japan’s economic success is based on manufacturing industry, which-with construction- employs 30% of the labour force. Japan is the world’s leading manufacturer of motor vehicles, and one of the major producers of ships, steel, synthetic fibres, chemicals, cement, electrical goods and electronic equipment. Rapid advances in Japanese research and technology have helped the expanding export-led economy. The banking and financial sectors have prospered, and Tokyo is one of the world’s main stock exchanges and commercial centres. Agriculture is labour intensive. Although Japan is self-sufficient in rice, agriculture is not a priority and a high percentage of its food requirements-particularly cereals and fodder crops-have to be imported. The traditional Japanese diet is sea-based and the fishing industry is a large one. The Currency there is yen (¥). For the past ten years Japan has been in a depression due to its high currency value. Japan is exporting a whole lot more than it is importing which leads to the increase in their prices making them to expensive. The best possible solution is to decrease on the exports and increase on the imports, but the Japanese fear that this will cause the people to become lazy and not want to return to work anymore.

History:

The Japanese myth dates the first emperor, Jimmu to 660BC. However the first known emperors reigned in Nara in the 8th century AD. The rise of imperial power, the feudal system and the shogunate in Japan. At the end of the 19th century, the Meiji emperor overthrew the last shogun and restored power to the throne. He encouraged Western institutions and a Western-style economy, so that by the beginning of the 20th century Japan was rapidly industrializing and on the brink of becoming a world powers.

By the end of the Meiji era (1912), Japan had established an empire. Japan had defeated China (1894-1895), taking Port Arthur and Taiwan, and startled Europe by beating Russia (1904-1905), by land and at sea. Korea was annexed in 1910. Allied with Britain in 1902, Japan entered World War I against Germany in 1914, in part to gain acceptance as an imperial world power. However, Japan gained little except some of the German Island territories in the Pacific and became disillusioned that the country did not seem to be treated as an equal by the Great Powers. The rise of militarism and collapse of the world trade led to the rise of totalitarianism and a phase of aggressive Japanese expansion. Japan became allied to Nazi Germany and in 1941 Japanese aircraft struck Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, bringing the USA into World War II. An initial rapid Japanese military expansion across Southeast Asia and the Pacific was halted, and the war ended for Japan in disastrous defeat and the horrors of atomic warfare.

Emperor Hirohito (reigned in 1926-1989) surrendered in 1945. Shintoism, which had come to be identified with aggressive nationalism, ceased to be the state religion, and in 1946 the emperor renounced his divinity. The Allied occupation (1945-1952) democratized politics and began an astonishing economic recovery based on an aggressive export policy. The economy was jolted by major rises in petroleum prices in 1973 and 1979, but Japan maintained its advance to become a technological front-runner and after the USA, the world’s second largest economy. However, Japan’s protectionism has led to accusations of unfair trading practices. By 1988, Japan surpassed the USA as the world’s aiddonor. The Liberal Democrats, who held office from 1955 to 1993 despite a number of financial scandals, dominated the Japanese political world. Since then a number of coalitions have held power.

 

 

POLICY STATEMENTS



Issue 1: Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

Japan believes that the UN has been taking a weak an effective role in preventing crime and supporting criminal justice systems. Japan feels that the spread of the crime in the world is producing a threat to those countries that support peace. If the UN continues on its weak actions then the world will be in serious danger. Japan supports all countries that seek in preventing crime.


Issue 2: Improving the financial situation of the United Nations

Japan feel that it has been taking a role in the UN budget than it should, and with no recognition. Japan and the US are the top UN budget supporters. Japan is seeking to educe the it budget support or get more recognition for it. Japan also feels that other UN countries have been taking a poor role in helping to balance the budget. Japan wishes that all countries would see to better inhance there UN spendings.


Issue 3: Taking effective measures to eliminate racism, racial discrimination, and xenophobia

Japan does not suffer from this issue since all its people live in harmony and peace in its country. People of Japan all follow the same culture and most of them have the same religion (Buddhism). Japan has no policy for an issue that has been already solved in its country. Yet Japan wishes that other countries see a solution to this problem. It feels that the issue is widely spread in its neighboring nations such as China and Russia. Japan wishes that the problem is solved in al UN members the same way that it is solved in the Japanese nation.


Issue 4: Drug control and rehabilitation programs

Japan does not suffer from this problem yet it fears it. Japan feels that drugs will cause the people to be lazy and less effective in their work. This would cause its economy to weaken and even it might fall apart causing it to loose most of its world powers. Japan, however, fears the Yakuza. The Yakuza are like a Japanese Mafia they control a large number of banks and have some political power. This power was gained by brute force. This group supports drugs which starts a problem in Japan. So the Japanese governments supports this issue yet it fears those in its country who appose it.





RESOLUTION

FORUM: ECOSOC

ISSUE: UN BUDGET

COUNTRY: JAPAN

Recognizing that Japan and other UN members have helped in supporting the UN’s finance but with no recognition,

Recognizing that there is some unfairness in the way of determining the financial contributions to the UN,

Aware of financial contributions are determined by each nation's gross national product and economic situation,

Recognizing that other UN members are not helping in maintaining a good UN budget,

Aware of the shortage of the UN budget,

 

1. Urges all UN members to start considering the low UN budget.

2. Strongly Urges some type of recognition that will give countries that are aiding the UN’s finance some power extra power in the UN,

3. Convinced that the financial contributions should change:

One) 35% paid by SC members (counties with VETO)

Two) 10% paid by poor countries

Three) 35% paid by rich countries

Four) 20% paid by other countries and contributions

5. Requests all UN debtors to pay back the debt before time and those that do will get a 2% discount on there debts.

6. Urges all countries to try to help maintain a good UN budget

 

 

OPENING SPEECH

Hajime Mashete

Honorable chair, Honorable delegates, From the lands of misty mountains and deep peaceful rivers, I give you the great nation of Japan! In rich history and culture of shoguns, warlords, and samurai to its technological genius of today, Japan is the first Asian nation to be a leading technological power, Japan has always been a major player in the worlds politics and more effectively in the worlds economy; more so today…

Japan is deeply concerned with the UN budget. The UN budget isn’t balanced due to the careless and greedy misusage of other members. Japan would like to urge all countries to find a solution to this problem.. Japan has already presented one and would like your support to making it work. Japan and other nations would like to the UN to have a good budget where all countries work together with his budget to better enhance world peace.