Country: South Korea (The Republic of Korea)
Event: Pearl-MUN 2001
Student: Faisal Al Ibrahim
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2000-2001 Team page
It is the republic of Korea, which means that the government type is a republic that means that the people and president rule the country. 15 August 1945 is the date of liberation from Japanese colonial rule. Let us talk about the president and the who really rules. The president of state is the President KIM Dae-jung (since 25 February 1998) election results was, KIM Dae-jung elected president; percent of vote - KIM Dae-jung (NCNP) 40.3% (with ULD partnership), YI Hoe-chang (GNP) 38.7%, YI In-che (NPP) 19.2%. The president almost lost on that election that proves that not all the power. If he had the power like Mr. Bashar Al Asad who took 99% of the votes for him. On the legislative branch there is in the unicameral National Assembly or Kukhoe (299 seats - starting with the April 2000 election the number of seats will be reduced to 273; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms). Political pressure groups and leaders are Federation of Korean Industries, Federation of Korean Trade Unions, Korean Confederation of Trade Unions, Korean National Council of Churches, and Korean Traders Association. Korea is in many International organization participation such as AfDB, APEC, AsDB, BIS, CCC, CP, EBRD, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMOGIP, UNOMIG, UNU, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC.
The legislature, the Supreme People's Assembly, is the highest organ of state power. Its members are elected every 4 years. Usually only two meetings are held annually, each lasting a few days. A standing committee elected by the SPA performs legislative functions when the Assembly is not in session. In reality, the Assembly serves only to ratify decisions made by the ruling KWP. North Korea's judiciary is "accountable" to the SPA and the president. The SPA's standing committee also appoints judges to the highest court for 4-year terms that are concurrent with those of the Assembly.
It is located in Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula. That means the water is surrounding it in three sides. The bordering is the Sea of Japan in the west and the Yellow Sea in the east. It is between china and Japan. The area of Korea is 98,500 sq. the capital is Seoul. Korea is between the Geographic coordinates: 37 00 N, 127 30 E. It is as the size of Indiana. It has 2,413 km in Coastline. Land is 98,190 sq km, and the water is 290 sq. km. It is about 2% of the united state of America. As you saw in the natural resource that the climate is good for plants, because there is a short winter and a long of warm summer that has a lot of heavy rains. The mean problem is that there is a lot of mountain. There are about four vales. This is a problem because it can separate the country.
The Population in 1998 is 46.9 million. The Annual growth rate in 1997 is 1.02%, that proves the people there donít have children without thinking what are they going to do with them and how are they going to feed them. The Ethnic groups are homogeneous which means they are from the same kind, and color (except for about 20,000 Chinese) This is good because there would be no problems between them, because they are all the same. The real Korean people had migrated mostly from china and Japan. These migrations are before 5,000 years ago. Know there is no migrations from the year 2000. The religions in Korea are Christian 49%, Buddhist 47%, Confucianist 3%, Shamanist, Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way), and other 1% There is no friction between the religious side in Korea. The Languages they use is Korean and English widely taught in junior and high school. There is problem between the North and South people, they are related to each other. The problem with that is that they look alike, so it is hard to say how is the spy? In the kind of people and their look the North and the South are alike so they can be one country, but there are some things that separate them.
The republic of Korea is rich with natural resources. It has many kind of minerals. Korea is the first place in gold with 14.3 tons of production. It also produces 239.2 tons of silver and 334 thousand tons of iron. Korea has two main rivers. The company that makes electricity is calls The Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) the generating facilities were expanded by 420 megawatts in 1961. At the end of 1988, there were 40 thermal power plants, 26 hydropower stations and 9 nuclear units. As I said on the climate that they have s lot of plants. Electricity production is 221.258 billion kWh (1998) The production of food grains 259 thousand tons yearly in potatoes, and 302 thousand tons of soybeans. The production of vegetables is 303 thousand tons of onion, and 2,375 thousand tons of Chinese cabbage. Korea has a lot of fishing, meanly because it is on the peninsula. They have 17,270km of coastline. They are a lot of numbers on fishing it would take many pages that prove that it has a lot of fishing. They have a good number of oil productions. They produced in 1989 46,433 (unit: 1,000k1) there is a lot of manufacturing, so they donít exported all. Compared to 1,642 in 1965. They donít have that much of gas that can be exported.
Korea has a good defense, but the countries around it have a big army. Japan doesnít have an army, but china has a very big army. Korea has an experience on wars because in went into wars. The army has many military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, National Maritime Police (Coast Guard). Military manpower availability is in males in age 15-49 is 14,080,470 (2000 est.) that is very low number to face others. Military expenditures figure is $9.9 billion (FY98/99) That is normal amount of money compared to it neighbor China. Military expenditure percent of GDP is 3.2%. They canít defeat North Korea, but It is hard to say that they canít defend themselves, because they have the US troops to avoid the invention of North Korea.
As one of the Four Dragons of East Asia, South Korea has achieved an incredible record of growth. Three decades ago its GDP per capita was comparable with levels in the poorer countries of Africa and Asia. Today its GDP per capita is seven times India's, 13 times North Korea's, and comparable to the lesser economies of the European Union. This success through the late 1980s was achieved by a system of close government/business ties, including directed credit, import restrictions, sponsorship of specific industries, and a strong labor effort. Labor force by occupation services and other 68%, mining and manufacturing 20%, agriculture, fishing, forestry 12% (1998) The industries are electronics, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel, textiles, clothing, footwear, and food processing. Industrial production growth rate is 22% (1999 est.) and that is very quick and good. Exports partners is US 17%, Japan 9%, China 9%, Hong Kong 7%, Taiwan 4% (1998) Imports partners are US 22%, Japan 18%, China 7%, Australia 5%, Saudi Arabia 5% (1998) Yes they are in debt from the World Bank in 60$ billion. That money is the thing that made Korea improve in its economy. They used the money to improve it and they did it. Debt external is $142 billion (1999) Exports are $144 billion (f.o.b., 1999) On my opinion the economy boomed for the following reason for the things above:
* The Korea government has used the brains of the citizens.
* They had used the natural resource very well.
* The Korean people had tasted being poor, so they donít want to go back to poor.
After the disaster in 1997, the economy went up, but still there are some effects that are showing. That is not only in Korea, it is in whole south Asia. There is now some programs that is the government is doing. In worker day that was in last week, there was some people who went out in the street, that are not satisfied with this programs.
According to Korean legend, the god-king Tangun founded the Korean nation in BC 2333. By the first century AD, the Korean Peninsula was divided into the kingdoms of Silla, Koguryo, and Paekche. The Silla kingdom unified the peninsula in 668 AD. The Koryo dynasty (from which the Western name "Korea" is derived) succeeded the Silla kingdom in 935. The Choson dynasty, ruled by members of the Yi clan, supplanted Koryo in 1392 and lasted until the Japanese annexed Korea in 1910. It has suffered approximately 900 invasions during its 2,000 years of recorded history Korea was under Mongolian occupation from 1231 until the early 14th century and was repeatedly ravaged by Chinese (government and rebel) armies. The Japanese warlord Hideyoshi launched major invasions in 1592 and 1597.
The Japanese colonial era was characterized by tight control from Tokyo and ruthless efforts to supplant Korean language and culture. Organized Korean resistance, notably the 1919 Independence Movement, was unsuccessful, and Japan remained firmly in control until the end of World War II.
On June 25, 1950, North Korean forces invaded South Korea. The UN, in accord with its Charter, engaged in its first collective action by establishing the UN Command (UNC), under which 16 member nations sent troops and assistance to South Korea. At the request of the UN Security Council, the United States, contributor of the largest contingent, led this international effort. Although armistice negotiations began in July 1951, hostilities continued until 1953 with heavy losses on both sides. On July 27, 1953 the military commanders of the North Korean Army, the Chinese People's Volunteers, and the UNC signed an armistice agreement at Panmunjom. Neither the United States nor South Korea is a signatory of the armistice per se, though both adhere to it through the UNC. No comprehensive peace agreement has replaced the 1953 armistice pact; thus, a condition of belligerency still technically exists on the divided peninsula. And now after the war finished North Korea had lost more than South Korea.
The Military Armistice Commission (MAC) was created in 1953 to oversee and enforce the terms of the armistice. The Neutral Nation Supervisory Committee (NNSC)--originally made up of delegations from Poland and Czechoslovakia on the D.P.R.K. side and Sweden and Switzerland on the UN side--monitors the activities of the MAC. In recent years, North Korea has sought to undermine the MAC by various means. In April 1994 it declared the MAC void and withdrew its representatives. Prior to this it had forced the Czechs out of the NNSC by refusing to accept the Czech Republic as the Successor State of Czechoslovakia, an original member of the NNSC. In September 1994 China recalled the Chinese People's Volunteers representatives to the MAC, and in early 1995 North Korea forced Poland to remove its representatives to the NNSC from the North Korean side of the DMZ.
Syngman Rhee served as president of the Republic of Korea until April 1960, when unrest led by university students forced him to step down Though the constitution was amended and national elections were held in June, Maj. Gen. Park Chung Hee led an army coup against the successor government and assumed power in May 1961. After 2 years of military government under Park, civilian rule was restored in 1963. Park, who had retired from the army, was elected president and was reelected in 1967, 1971, and 1978 in highly controversial elections.
The new constitution entered into force in February 1988 when President Roh assumed office. Elections for the National Assembly were held on April 26. President Roh's ruling Democratic Justice Party was then able to win only 34% of the vote in the April 1988 National Assembly elections. The first time the ruling party had lost control of the Assembly since 1952.
Now the defense is good. There is US army is guarding the boarder between the North and South Korea. Between that time the defense had improved and they had an experience. If you want more go to the defense section above and read more.
View of world problems:
Koreaís friend is the United State of America, because they mostly trade with them. Second they helped South Korea on North Korea. The benefit of USA helps Korea because Russia helped North Korea. The USA hates Russia, so it stands on South Koreaís side. On that time Russia was very strong, so USA wants anything to be against. (Korean War).
The first enemy Korea is china. Although that china is bigger than in army land and people but still the are their enemy. They hate china because it supported North Korea, and they had invaded Korea. China had supported Korea in everything. China had gave north weapon, as if china was actually had invaded Korea in the name of North Korea. The second enemy is Japan, although they are having the world cup 2002 in Korea and Japan, but still there are some things that are between but they want to prove to the world that they are friends.
Issue #1 Crime and crime justice
Crimes are now are expanding form the Korean War, because they are open to the world, but still Korean families are still together. There are a lot of campaign that is working knows such as "hate crime" Since Independence in 1948 902 people have been executed in South Korea, most of them by hanging. Dozens of offenses carry the death penalty, ranging from murder to the theft of national treasures. More than half of those executed up to 1987 had violated the National Security Law, a set of stringent strictures prohibiting even the vaguest expression of sympathy for communist North Korea. growing number of South Koreans concur with the popular Western view that executing murderers does little or nothing to deter potential killers. According to a Gallup survey in December, 43% of South Koreans oppose the death penalty (50% were in favor), up from just 20% in 1994. That change is in keeping with a remarkable worldwide trend against state executions over the past decade: in 1989, capital punishment stood abolished in 79 countries; today the number has gone up to 106. If we use the death, even if it was not that much it still plants the fear in the heart of the criminals.
Issue#2Drug control and rehabilitation programs
Drugs are the main big problem in the world. It is spreading in the whole Korean society although that it is not a main problem in the society, but we should cut it from the beginning. That is what we are doing. Korea made a very big campaign against drugs. The Korean people had just finished a big war so they donít want any more trouble with drugs. They are all from the same kind of people and related to each other they donít want to effect their family.
Korea and the UN are fighting together against drugs. Drugs as you all know damages the health of an individual. There for if any one had been caught smuggling drugs to the boarder of South Korea, should be punished, depending on the amount of drugs had been smuggled. From that the smuggler would think about that and never smuggles it again.
Issue # 3: Human rights:
South Korea is one of the best countries who give everyone his rights. There is nothing to separate the people in Korea are all the same, so there is nothing to worry about, they all came from the same place. They have no differences between them. They are all treated the same.
There are some Korean people are living in Japan for four centuries. These people donít have the Japanese passports. Other than that they are treated very badly because they are Koreans. They cannot marry to Japanese. They are separated form the whole world. They must be Japanese and treated the same thing.
Issue #4: Improving the financial situation of the United Nation:
The UN budget is very weak. To make the resolution works, we have to pay money. So we need a lot of money. It is very weak because it is depending on the poor countries to pay the money. If the rich countries want the poor countries to improve there economy. So how do the rich countries want to the poor countries to pay the money?
The rich countries must pay most of the money. As you all know that the United States of America pays 40% of the UN budget. That is very good from the US. If there are five countries that as the vito power that means they have the main power. So they have to pay most of the money. If the US can pay 40% of the budget, why the other canít pay like this. Although we are helping the poor countries but the also they have to do something. So Korea has an idea and that is to make a box that has all of the money. That money so refilled yearly and depending on the amount of the money needed. 50% of it pays it the countries that need the money and the country that doesnít the money for the resolution pays the 50% these are classified depending to whom is the resolution to.
Delegate: Faisal Al Ibrahim
Delegation: The Republic of Korea
Question of: improving the financial situation of the United Nation:
Definition: (financial situation) is the United Nation budget; Thatís means that the UN has a low budget.
Taking in consideration that the budget of the Untied Nations is only 40$ billion. That means that it has a very low budget. Because the resolutions need a lot of money, and some need millions of dollar.
Noting that there are some countries that are paying more that 25% of the United Nation budget such as the united Stated on America according to the budget they paid in 1999. What happens if USA doesnít has the ability to pay the 25%?
Fully alarmed that there are some countries that are not paying the money to the United Nations. There must be a program to stop these refuses of some countries in way that all countries be able to pay this amount.
Knowing that if this situation is going on and some countries are willing not to pay the money for the UN then there is going to be a lack of money. If there is no money, that means that the resolutions are not going to pass because there is no money to pay for it. This is what must expert says in al Qabas news paper.
Noting with full alarm that according to the UN sites that is suffering from 85 from 100 that had not paid their money.
Choosethe best and cheapest way to make the resolution work to save the money:
a) Welcoming all the companies to give their offers and choosing the best and cheapest one.
b) Giving the money straight to the companies instead of giving the money to the governments to make sure that the money is going to that company.
* Accepting any person or country who wants to volunteer or donations: Anyone who want to volunteer for free would get an award form the United Nations to courage them to volunteer.
* Testing if the person is able to volunteer, by making a place in the UN itself taking the volunteers who want, if someone misbehaves purpose he will be kicked out.
* Reducing 1% from the money that the country that pays for to the UN if they pay it faster, so every country will pay faster.
* Congratulates the Arabs for the rich countries helping the poor countries in paying the budget of the Arab meeting in Egypt such as Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, and making an aim for the whole world so that the rich country helps the poor country.
* Making a committee that has the entire money of the United Nations. The money is divided as following:
* 35% of the budget is paid by the countries that has the VITO power, because if the United State of America can pay 25% of the budget, so why canít the other VITO power pay?
* The poor countries should pay 25% of the budget.
* The rich countries should pay the rest 40% of the budget.
* Donations may add as to that as an extra, but not depending on it.
* The amount of money will be received depending on the resolution.
A dragon of the four Asian dragons is standing here with you. The first producer of gold is happy to share its ideas with you to make the whole world bright like gold. The country of the four vales that were separated is now one peaceful country would like to make the whole world as one peaceful country. So let us fly to our dream, " the one thousand mile way begins in a step"
We are now trying to solve the problem of every person, because he has own right. Each country is throwing the burned coal to the other country that is going to pay the United Nation budget. The poor give it to the rich country the rich gives it to the poor. So who is going to pay? The rich must help the poor to pay, but the poor must work too. Korea had made a solution of this problem, and let the sun rise back again.
The republic of Korea had played a major part of the MUN pearl 2000-2001. Korea was one of the main supporters of Benin resolution to pass. Korea was staying beside her for the whole the resolution passed. Korea had made a speech that had must countries vote for it that said imagine that you are know lock for these weekend in this theater treated as a slave without being paid. What will you feel? So that is why most people voted for it. Although that the resolution that had been done by Korea had not past but Korea, Japan and India had faced most of the questions but there was no luck or some delegates had a lack of experience, but is a pleasure to be a part of the MUN. korea had restricted the other two two resolutions. tried to add more but due to the lack of time there wasn't time to add or even have an open debate. This was a very good event. everyone had enjoyed his time and we really had learned alot through that event.