Republic of Armenia
∑Adel Al Amar (Ambassador)
∑Ghazi Al Sharhan(Vice Ambassador (General Assembly)
∑Nada Al Abdulajader(Vice Ambassador "ECOSOC")
∑Sara Al Dukair
∑Nasser Al Shaya
∑Besama Al Mutawa
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2000-2001 Team page
Armenia is a republic with a presidential governing system. The president is the head of state. The same person cannot hold the office of president for more than two consecutive terms. The people directly elect the President for a five-year term. The President's primary responsibility is the formulation of policy, the conduct of foreign and defense policies, and ensuring the normal functioning of state institutions. Mainly, the president has the most power.
The first president of the Republic of Armenia, Levon Ter-Petrossian, was elected on October 16, 1991. In 1998, he resigned. Then-Prime Minister Robert Kocharian became Acting President. Extraordinary elections were set for March 16, 1998. Because no candidate garnered 50% + 1 of the votes, the first round of elections required a run-off between the top two candidates from the 12 original candidates. Acting President Robert Kocharian was elected President of the Republic of Armenia on March 31, 1998.
With the adoption of the Armenian Constitution, the post of Vice-President of the Republic of Armenia was eliminated. Former Vice-President Gagik Harutiunian was appointed President of the newly created Constitutional Court in February 1996.
The Republic of Armenia's National Assembly (or Parliament) implements its activities through sessions, permanent and temporary committees, as well as through its deputies. The National Assembly is a single-chamber representative body. Its members are elected by a combination of single member district and proportional representation.
Members of Parliament are elected for four-year terms. The first post-Soviet parliamentary elections were held on July 5, 1995. During those elections, the law allowed for 190 deputies. The Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, also adopted on July 5, 1995, lowered the number of parliamentary seats from 190 to 131, beginning with the next regularly scheduled parliamentary elections in 1999.
On May 30, 1999, the Republic of Armenia held its second scheduled parliamentary elections since independence. Following the new constitutional requirements, of the 131 deputies (or Members of Parliament--MP) elected, 75 were elected through the majoritarian electoral system and 56 deputies were elected through the proportional representation system. The proportional representation system provides for seats for political parties and political blocs divided according to a proportional system.
These are the groups and the no. of seats each hold:
Faction or Group
Number of Seats
Armenian Revolutionary Federation
Communist Party of Armenia
Right and Accord Bloc***
Country of Law Party
National Democratic Union
Outside factions or groups
* Unity Bloc, created in May of 1999, is composed of Republican (26 seats) and People's (17 seats) parties, and non-party deputies (5).
** Stability Group, created in June of 1999 by non-party deputies, transformed into a political party in July 2000.
*** Right and Accord Bloc, created in May of 1999, is composed of National Accord Party (3 seats), Constitutional Rights Union (2 seats), Scientific-Industrial and Civic Union (1 seat), and Gardmank Union (1 seat).
The National Assembly is convened twice a year: in spring (from the first Monday of February to the second Wednesday of June) and autumn (from the second Monday of September to the second Wednesday of December). Extraordinary sessions may be convened by the President of the Republic at the initiative of the Government, or at least one third of the total number of deputies; and by the Chairman of the National Assembly at the initiative of the Government or at least one third of the total number of deputies. The Chairman of the National Assembly is elected by a majority of votes in a secret ballot by the Members of Parliament.
Permanent parliamentary committees prepare and discuss legislation, acts, and issues that are under the powers of the National Assembly. They also oversee their implementation. There are six permanent committees in the National Assembly. If necessary, temporary committees are formed.
On February 6, 1996, a Constitutional Court consisting of nine members (five appointed by Parliament and four by the President) was established. The responsibility of this court is to judge the constitutionality of the laws, Presidential decrees, and governmental resolutions. The Court also judges the constitutionality of international agreements and resolves disputes concerning the results of elections and referenda. In February 1996, the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia appointed Mr. Gagik Harutiunian the President of the Constitutional Court.
The present Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia operates based on the RoA Law "On Constitutional Court" adopted in 1995 and amended in December 1997. Armenia is the only former Soviet Republic represented at the Council of the International Association of Constitutional Law (IACL.) The Council, founded in 1983, boasts over 100 member countries.
The President appoints the Prime Minister (who is subject to a no-confidence vote by the National Assembly) and appoints the members of the Government (ministers) at the proposal of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is directly responsible to the President. He also reports to the National Assembly. The Prime Minister presides over the Cabinet. On May 12, 2000 President Kocharian appointed the chairman of "Unity" parliamentary faction Andranik Margarian Prime Minister.
On May 20, 2000, President Robert Kocharian signed a decree on changes in the Republic of Armenia's governmental structure. There are currently 18 ministries and 20 ministers in the government of Armenia. Ministers without ministries are noted in italics. Five political parties and groups are represented in government. Prime-Minister and four ministers are members of the Republican Party, with Stability, People's, and Communist Parties having two ministers each, and National Democratic Union - one minister. Besides ministries, there are 18 departments, agencies and offices in the RoA Government.
Climate, soil, and vegetation vary greatly throughout Armenia, which contains twice as many soil types as European Russia. Vegetation typical of alpine, semi-desert and steppe regions dominates much of the republic, although the extreme southeastern and northeastern portions contain forests of beech and oak. Animal life in Armenia includes wild boars, jackals, lynxes, and Syrian bears.
Industrial production is dominated by manufacturing and mining, including gold, copper, zinc, and silver mining. Electrical engines, machine tools, and chemical products, such as synthetic rubber, comprise the chief manufactured goods. The industrial sector suffered greatly from the economic blockade imposed by Azerbaijan in 1991, which resulted in severe shortages of natural gas, petroleum, and other energy sources.
Agriculture is the second largest sector of the Armenian economy, accounting for nearly 20 percent of the labor force in the early 1990s. Principal crops include wheat, potatoes, tobacco, vegetables, grapes, and other fruits. Agriculture is highly dependent on irrigation, especially in areas near the Aras River in the south. Local food production does not satisfy domestic needs, however, so Armenia must import large quantities of food from abroad.
Armenians are divided into several ethnic groups. These ethnic groups include 93% Armenian, 3% Azeri, 2% Russian, 2% other which mostly of the Yezidi Kurds. Azeri is well known that they emigrated from Armenia. 94% of the Armenian population are Orthodox. Languages that are spoken in Armenia are 96% Armenian, 2% Russian, and 2% other. Although there are several ethnic groups are languages, but surprisingly the people get along just fine.
Armeniaís Army, Air Force, Air Defense Aviation, Air Defense Force, and Security Forces are all part of the Armenian Military. There are 896,646 males between the ages of 15-49 who are available for defense purposes, but only 708,940 are fit to do the job. There 708,940 are meant to be in good physical shape compared to the rest of the Armenians. All military expenses are about $75 million per year which is 4% of the GDP (Normal Percentage).
The Republic of Armenia is located in the Transcaucasus region of western Asia. It is bordered by Georgia on the north, Azerbaijan on the east, and Turkey on both the east and south. Azerbaijani enclave of Naxcivan which also forms part of its southern boundary. Yerevanis is its capital and its largest city. Armeniaís climate is quite unstable. In the winter itís cold and dry, while summers are hot and humid. Dusty winds and earthquakes are known to be very common in Armenia. The weather discourages its people from working hard and it makes them feel lazy. Armenia is land locked and this fact has a negative affect on it's development and economy.
Views on world problems:
Armenia plays an important role in the world even though itís a small country. It was one of the industrialized countries, but no longer is. The Soviet Union took all their industries and left them bare hands after independence. On the other hand, Armenia is also been deceived by other bordering counties. Turkey took 99% of the Armenian original lands, and the rest bordering countries took a little. Azerbaijan and Armenia are fighting over a land called Nagorno in these current days. The UN seems to stay out of this problem, for no reason at all. Armeniaís people are dying from starvation and thirst, because Turkey has deprived them from water, and the importing of food, knowing that Armenia is a landlocked country. The relationship of Armenia with Russia is extremely important but strained. Russia is now Orthodox, however, Armenians worry about their Russian minority, and worry even more about Russiaís ability to influence events in Armenia and the region. Armenia have an ongoing conflict, a national war, with Azerbaijan, which it has won on the ground, but at great cost. The economy of Armenia is not well grounded. The addition of Nagorno gives them oil, but currently the state is too dependent on money coming in from abroad and not on local produce. Armenia is asking the United Nations to help it with humanitarian relief and intervention so that no nation will.
Since 1991, the Armenian Government has moved quickly and effectively to establish friendly and close diplomatic and economic ties with the outside world. Over 50 countries have officially established diplomatic relations. Many countries have established diplomatic relations with Armenia. Fifteen of these states have opened embassies in Armenia. They are: the Arab Republic of Egypt, the People's Republic of China, the French Republic, Georgia, the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece / Hellenic Republic, the Republic of India, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Lebanese Republic, Romania, the Russian Federation, the Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America.
Over 50 states have ambassadors and charges d'Affaires accredited to the Republic of Armenia, but with representation outside of Armenia. Armenia has a permanent presence (embassy, consulate, or representation) in over 40 countries of North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and the Newly Independent States.
*The Republic of Armenia has permanent representation missions to the following international organizations: (Refer to the end of the briefing book).
**Armenia has also become an active participant in global issues and concerns by becoming a member of prominent international organizations including: (Refer to the end of the briefing book).
***Major Agreements Between the United States and Armenia (Refer to the end of the briefing book).
Under Soviet rule the Armenian economy was transformed from agricultural to primarily industrial; agriculture, however, remains important, accounting for about two-fifths of the gross domestic product and employing one-fifth of the labour force. Industry is heavily dependent on imports of energy and raw materials.
The massive earthquake of 1988 destroyed nearly one-third of Armenia's industrial capacity, seriously weakening the economy. In 1989 the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh led Azerbaijan to impose a blockade, closing a vital natural gas pipeline to Armenia. The subsequent severe energy shortage, combined with the disruption of key trade routes due to civil unrest in Georgia, caused a sharp drop in industrial production, further devastating the economy. Most of the population of Armenia thus experienced severe economic hardship during the 1990s. Basicly, the economy is in bad shape.
After independence, Armenia implemented a number of structural reforms in an effort to create the institutional and legal basis for a market economy. Reforms included substantial privatization of industry and agriculture, restructuring of the tax and financial systems, and price liberalization. A new currency, the dram, was introduced in 1993, replacing the ruble.
As for trade, Armenia exports chemicals, nonferrous metals, machines, precision instruments, textiles and clothing, wine, brandy, and foodstuffs. Its major imports, in addition to coal and petroleum products, include ferrous metals, wood and paper products, grain, meat, milk, butter, and consumer goods. Armenia's major import source and export destination is Russia; other trading partners include Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, Iran, Syria, and the countries of Central Asia.
One of the world's oldest civilizations, Armenia once included Mount Ararat, which biblical tradition identifies as the mountain that Noah's ark rested on after the flood. It was the first country in the world to officially embrace Christianity as its religion (c. 300).
In the 6th century B.C., Armenians settled in the kingdom of Urartu (the Assyrian name for Ararat), which was in decline. Under Tigrane the Great (fl. 95Ė55 B.C.) the Armenian empire reached its height and became one of the most powerful in Asia, stretching from the Caspian to the Mediterranean Seas. Throughout most of its long history, however, Armenia has been invaded by a succession of empires. Under constant threat of domination by foreign forces, Armenians became both cosmopolitan as well as fierce protectors of their culture and tradition.
Over the centuries Armenia was conquered by Greeks, Romans, Persians, Byzantines, Mongols, Arabs, Ottoman Turks, and Russians. From the 16th century through World War I major portions of Armenia were controlled by their most brutal invader, the Ottoman Turks, under whom they experienced discrimination, religious persecution, heavy taxation, and armed attacks. In response to Armenian nationalist stirrings, the Turks massacred thousands of Armenians in 1894 and 1896. The most horrific massacre took place in April 1915 during World War I, when the Turks ordered the deportation of the Armenian population to the deserts of Syria and Mesopotamia. According to the majority of historians, between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians were murdered or died of starvation. The Armenian massacre is considered the first genocide in the 20th century. Turkey denies that a genocide took place, and claims that a much smaller number died in a civil war.
After the Turkish defeat in World War I, the independent Republic of Armenia was established on May 28, 1918, but survived only until Nov. 29, 1920, when it was annexed by the Soviet Army. On March 12, 1922, the Soviets joined Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan to form the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic, which became part of the U.S.S.R. In 1936, after a reorganization, Armenia became a separate constituent republic of the U.S.S.R. Since 1988, Armenia has been involved in a territorial dispute with Azerbaijan over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, to which both lay claim. Also in 1988, a devastating earthquake killed thousands and wreaked economic havoc.
Armenia declared its independence from the collapsing Soviet Union on Sept. 23, 1991. In the years that followed, Armenia successfully fought Azerbaijan for control of Nagorno-Karabakh. The majority population of the enclave are Armenian Christians who want to secede from Azerbaijan and join Armenia. A cease-fire agreement was reached between the two countries in 1994, but the fate of Nagorno-Karabakh remains unresolved. Azerbaijan has offered broad autonomy to the enclave in exchange for the withdrawal of Armenian troops from Azeri lands. But the enclave wants either full independence or annexation to Armenia.
Armenian emigration has been particularly heavy since independence from the Soviet Union. An estimated 60% of the total eight million Armenians worldwide live outside the country, with one million each in the U.S. and Russia. Significant Armenian communities are located in Georgia, France, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Argentina, and Canada.
Prime Minister Vazgen Sarkisian and six others were assassinated Oct. 27, 1999, when gunmen broke into Parliament and began firing. The prime minister's brother, Aras Sarkisian, was appointed to succeed him, but in May 2000 President Kocharian replaced Sarkisian, a political rival, with a new prime minister, Andranik Markarian.
ADDENDUM: INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS
∑Commonwealth Independent States (CIS) in Minsk, Belarus
∑European Union (EU) in Brussels, Belgium
∑North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Brussels, Belgium
∑Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in Vienna, Austria
∑United Nations (UN) in Geneva, Switzerland and New York, United States.
∑An Open Agreement on Organizing Prevention, Avoidance and Assistance in case of Natural and Technological disasters
∑Assembly of Black Sea Bank Trade and Development Bank (BSEC)
∑Black Sea Bank Trade and Development Bank (BSEC)
∑Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
∑European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
∑European Energy Charter
∑Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
∑International Astronomical Union
∑International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
∑International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
∑International Civil Defense Organization (ICDO)
∑International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
∑International Council of Archival Issues
∑International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
∑International Finance Corporation (IFC)
∑International Fund for Agricultural Development
∑International Labor Organization
∑International Monetary Fund (IMF)
∑International Organization of Migration (IOM)
∑International Organization of Statistics
∑International Standardization Organization
∑Interpol (International Criminal Police)
∑International Telecommunication Union
∑Joint Consultative Group on CFE
∑Multilateral Investment Assurance Agency
∑Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
∑OSCE Conflict Prevention Center
∑OSCE Parliamentary Assembly
∑Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization
∑Preparatory Commission for the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
∑United Nations (UN)
∑United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
∑United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
∑Universal Postal Union
∑Working Group for the Field of Energy among Black Sea Region and Central Asian Countries
∑World Customs Organization
∑World Energy Council
∑World Health Organization (WHO)
∑World Intellectual Property Organization
∑World Meteorological Organization
∑World Organization for Animal Health
∑World Tourism Organization
∑World Trade Organization (WTO)
The following major agreements have been signed between the United States and Armenia since 1992:
1. Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Armenia and the Government of the United States of America Regarding Cooperation to Facilitate the Provision of Humanitarian and Technical Economic Assistance (12/15/92)
2. Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Armenia and the Government of the United States of America on Encouragement of Investment (04/02/92)
3. Agreement Between the Republic of Armenia and the United States of America on Trade Relations (02/02/92)
4. Basic Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Armenia, Central Bank of the Republic of Armenia and the United States Import/Export Bank on Assistance Programs
5. Treaty Between the Republic of Armenia and the United States of America on Mutual Assistance and Protection of Investment (09/23/92)
6. Science Agreement of the Government of the Republic of Armenia and the Government of the United States of America on Science and Technology Cooperation (02/28/97)
1. Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Ministry of Agriculture of the Government of the Republic of Armenia for the Supply of Agriculture Commodities under the "Food for Progress" (08/18/92)
2. Memorandum of Understanding Between the USAID and the Government of the Republic of Armenia on the Implementation of Emergency Assistance in Wheat Shipments (06/14/96)
1. Memorandum of Understanding Between the National Health Institute of the United States of America and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Armenia and Academy of Sciences of Armenia on Cooperation in the Sphere of Biological Research (11/13/95)
1. Draft: Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Armenia Concerning Cooperation in the Area of Counter-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
2. Joint Statement of Future US-Armenian Defense and Military Relations (08/09/94)
1. Agreement Between the Ministry of Higher Education and Science and Consortium of American Colleges (04/14/93)
1. Agreement Between the City of Yerevan and Town of Cambridge of the State of Massachusetts of the United States on Cooperation and Two Year Exchange Programs
2. Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Armenia and the State of Delaware on Cooperation (1995)
3. Agreement Between the Republic of Armenia and the State of Utah on Cooperation and Friendship (06/24/91)
Nuclear Energy Agreements
1. Arrangement Between the Nuclear Regulatory Commission of the United States of America (USNRC) and the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of Armenia (ANRA) for the Exchange of Technical Information and Cooperation in Nuclear Safety Matters (09/30/97)
2. Protocol of US / Armenia Nuclear Safety Projects (10/13/96)
Scientific and Educational Agreements
1. Geology/Civil Emergency
2. Agreement Between the NSPA and Geological Agency of the United States of America on Cooperation in Reduction of Earthquake Threats (08/11/92)
3. Agreement Between the National Seismological Protection Authority (NSPA) of the Republic of Armenia and the Geological Agency of the United States of America on Establishment in Armenia of IRIS Global Seismographic Network Survey Station (08/11/92)
4. Agreement on Geological Service Equipment
1. Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Armenia and the Government of the United States on the Program for the United States Peace Corps in Armenia (09/24/92)
1. Ambassador: Adel Al Amar (Security Council)
1. The Security Council Reform
Armenia believes that we are at a crossroad in the history of international relations in which the Security Council is one of the major players and this is the main reason it has to be reformed. Armenia supports an expansion of the Council based on the principle of geographical distribution in which permanent members should be included for the geographical balance within the Security Council. Regions with diverse points of view should be taken into consideration. We believe that the General Assembly should periodically ratify the services of all the members of the Security Council. Only then would we guarantee a Security Council comprised of members widely supported by the community. States that interpret the general could be reelected.
Armenia emphasizes the effective role of the Security Council in the maintenance of international peace and security as it is one of itís most important functions. To strengthen the role and functions of the Security Council Armenia believes that a more equitable representation of the membership of the Security Council in accordance with the sovereign equality of States has to be ensured making its work more transparent. A more equitable representation in the Security Council may be obtained by increasing the number of its members, taking into account growth in the membership of the United Ntions.
The reform of the Security Council should become another important component of the overall reform within the United Nations. Armenia supports the current discussions on improving the representative character of the Security Council. We are in favor of expansion in both categories- permanent and non-permanent. However, while strengthening the capacity of the Council, such an increase should also safeguard its decision-making efficiency. We believe that five new seats should be allocated as permanent, for the Security Council to better reflect the present political and economic realities. This should include improved representation of the countries from Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean. We also support the desire of Germany and Japan to acquire the status of permanent members of the Security Council. We believe they are major economic powers and would help improve the efficiency of the Securit Council.
As regards the non-permanent seats, it is our view that the expansion should take into account the reasonable interests of the Eastern European Group, which has more than doubled its membership in recent years.
2. Security situation in the Middle East.
Armenia would like to highlight the issue of security. Maintaining peace and security throughout the world will obviously remain a major priority for the United Nations in the twenty-first century.War is a criminal that costs us the youth of the country and so.. itís future. Ladies and gentlemen, we have to solve the issue of security in the Middle East and thw world as a whole. People are dying and we have to take action. Serious action! Peace and stability should be maintained in all these regions and the world as a whole. Armenia is willing to actively contribute to the search for a just and lasting peace throughout the world. Armenia is willing to participate in maintaining peace and stability by dispatching peacekeepers. We hope the Council would be successful coming up with ideal solutions for these crises.. We can no longer wait..
Ladies and gentlemen, there is a major issue at hand here. The situation in the Middle East is a very tense situation. There are many countries with diverse points of views like Israel Ė Palestain, and we also Iraq Ė Kuwait. These are just two examples of security problems going on in the Middle East. Armenia believes that the existing potential of the United Nations for the prevention of new conflicts is not fully utilized. The promotion of comprehensive mechanisms of early warning of potential conflicts has become a requirement. Wars do not erupt unexpectedly, they have their histories, their logic and are subject to prediction. We have to take action towards these conflicts.
In this connection we would like to specially mention security problems between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The situation around Nagorno-Karabagh today is a consequence of the Azerbaijani aggression of 1991-92 aimed at the ethnic cleansing of the Armenian population, as well as a consequence of the Azerbaijani refusal to accept the recent proposals by the mediators in the conflict. Armenia seeks the welfare of all.. and the welfare of all is in peace. Armenia high lights the most recent crises in the Middle East peace process. Armenia hopes that the Palestinian people's right to self-determination will be fully realized thus bringing lasting peace and stability to Middle East and the world as a whole.
2. Vice ambassador: Ghazi Al Sharhan (Human Rights Commission)
2. Vice ambassador: Ghazi Al Sharhan (Human Rights Commission)
1. Rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities.
Armenia believes that all people should have equal rights. Even a national, ethnic, religious, or linguistic minority should have their full rights as human beings. Some rights as stated in article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are: "Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty".
During 1988-1993, some 300,000 refugees settled in Armenia as a result of ethnic cleansing in the neighboring Azerbajan! This ladies and gentlemen is a clear violation by Azerbajan of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and proves that Armenia is the land of Freedom.
2. Elimination of International Terrorism.
Armenia believes that terrorism should be eliminated. Terrorism harms many countries as well as a numerous number of individuals. Armenia strongly condemns countries that support terrorism. The perfect example of a terrorism-supporting country is TURKEY! Turkey itself is a terrorist country! Then the fact that it supports terrorism isnít appalling at all! And the proof is carved clearly in the rough stone of history! When the Turks made the VICIOUS massacre of 1915 to the overwhelmed people of Armenia!
No country ladies and gentlemen can claim itself secure from the heavy hand of terrorism. We must all join forces in our determination to stamp out this evil with all the methods known to the international community. The UN through the GA and the SC should assume the leading role in this process.
3. The rights of people's self-determination.
Armenia believes that people have the full right in determining their fate. Armenia fully believes in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, since it has already signed it. Therefore it supports the fact that every single individual has the right to determine his/her fate.
This is represented in the fact that Armenia is actively defending and pursuing Nagorno Karabagh peopleís right to self determination through peaceful means, we also sympathize with and support all other just self determination claims all over the world. Armenia applauded Indonesian Governmentís courage when it announced the conduct of referendum (election) on East Timorís independence. Today we are concerned with the latest developments but we hope that the results of the popular consultation will be fully respected. We also commend the role that the United Nations has played in organizing and supervizing the popular consultation.
Armenia also welcomes the most recent positive developments in the Middle East peace process. We hope that the Palestinian people's right to self-determination will be fully realized thus bringing lasting peace and stability to Middle East.
4. Situation of human rights in Turkey.
Turkey holds a horrific human rights record. Torture, disappearance, extrajudicial killings, and imprisonment for political believes form an endless list of reports by various international organizations, such as Amnesty International, and Human Rights Watch.
The Turkish state has managed to achieve a methodic cleansing of the Greek community, and continues to occupy 37% of the sovereign state of the Republic of Cyprus after a full-scale military invasion in 1974. Furthermore, the Turkish state is under an ongoing genocidal campaign against ethnic Kurds.
Turkey allows NO HUMAN RIGHTS! Turkey is one of the worldís worst violators of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch/Helsinki, the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, and the Turkish Human Rights Organization have published many damning reports concerning the innumerable Human Rights violations in Turkey. The US State Department, though committed to friendship with Turkey for geopolitical reasons, cannot avoid being severely critical in the Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, published every year. The UN Reporter on Torture devotes more space to Turkey than any other country in the world.
The United Nations and the OSCE have built up an array of treaties and declarations, which are supposed to protect the rights of individuals and of minorities. The Geneva Conventions, which are even older, prohibit the killing of civilians in situations of internal armed conflict. The Turks repeatedly demonstrate their contempt for their obligations under these treaties, and for the lives and safety of their Armenian citizens.
3. Nada Al Abduljader (ECOSOC)
1. Eradication of poverty and capacity building.
Armenia feels that eradication of poverty and capacity building is necessary in all nations. For Armenia it is essential and important to eradicate poverty since most of its population is dying out of hunger and displacement. Armenia wants something to be done, and by the growth of its economy, Armenia believes that the problem is partially solved. There should be stability within the country, no fighting, and no wars. Therefore, Armenia believes that the issue of eradication of poverty and capacity building would assist and support many countries that need that support.
Specialization and widening of markets through trade, larger division of labor, and more efficient and diversified allocation of financial resources should increase overall productivity and raise living standards. However, no country will benefit from this trend spontaneously and automatically. The major tasks which governments face today are development and the pursuit of sound policies and appropriate structural adjustments to meet the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities that globalization offers. While sound domestic economic planning and reforms are critical to meeting the challenges of globalization, regional cooperation and integration processes are essential to maximizing the emerging benefits and opportunities.
Armenia is sincerely open to such cooperation, although we have to state with regret that the blockades imposed on Armenia by Turkey and Azerbaijan are a serious obstacle to such cooperation. It is obvious that the region's high potential cannot be fully utilized if attempts are made to isolate one of its constituents. Such attempts are doomed to failure and will adversely affect all concerned in the region.
2. Sustainable development and international economic cooperation, including the role of business and multinational corporations.
Armenia feels that the issue of a sustainable development and international economic cooperation, including the role of business and Multinational Corporation is important for every country. All countries, especially not industrialized, should get financial help from the UN, or let other rich countries invest their money and then help them financially. For Armenia, it needs the United Nationís financial support to be a country with a stable development. The UN should also donate money to countries in need specifically to encourage foreign investment. Armenia is getting some financial support to achieve a sustainable development by the Armenians that are working nonstop just to help their home country from their investments. Finally, Armenia is with this issue, and would like to ask all capable countries that can help financially to help the poor countries in order to have a sustainable development and international economic cooperation.
For Armenia and countries with economies in transition as a whole, the move toward world market prices brought severely altered terms of trade. The introduction of currency convertibility and a notable increase in external borrowing began to cause frequent unsustainable external debt positions. The resources which are urgently required to modernize the industrial structure up to internationally competitive levels and improve the general infrastructure immensely exceed domestic saving capacities. The situation underlines the necessity to address more thoroughly the needs of countries in transition by the international donor community, though this should not cause a decrease in ODA flows to the developing world.
3. Return and restitution of cultural property to the countries of origin
Armenia is with the issue of returning and restituting the cultural properties to the countries of origin, since it has many belongings outside its borders. Turkey has stolen most of its property in 1915 and still is, and Armenia wants it back. Now. Armenia believes that The United Nations should take action to return and restitute cultural property to the countries of origin. The people who did the cultural arts did it for their country, and the country has the right to own those properties and be proud of them. Until today, nine years after the independence, all of Armeniaís properties are still laying in bordering countriesí museums. Armenia believes that those properties should be in Armenian museums. After all it is their culture, and Armenians who were proud of their culture did those things. Armenia is proud of those works and wants them back so they could teach their children about those cultural arts. Armenia believes that those properties could be a good influence and inspiration to Armeniaís next generation. Before the return of Armenianís cultural property, the Armenian want a more precious property of theirs, their lands!
4. Participation of volunteers, "White Helmets", in activities of the United Nations.
Armenia would like to highlight this important issue. Armenia is totally with the participation of volunteers, "White Helmets", in activities of the United Nations in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation, and technical cooperation for development. This is since the main aim of the "White Helmets" is to enable the participation of specialized volunteers, organized by different states, in emergency relief operations for populations in situations of dire need. Armenia is with the welfare of humans and so is for this issue. Armenia is totally with the participation of volunteers, "White Helmets", in activities of the United Nations in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation, and technical cooperation for development. This is so especially since the "White Helmets", have shown great efforts and results. "White Helmets" intervened in Angola (clearing land mines, helping former fighters return to civilian life), the Autonomous Palestinian Territories (town planning and sport programs), Bolivia (fighting Trypanosomiasis), Haiti (food relief and fresh water distribution), Paraguay (community development), and Peru (assisting populations hit by El Nino. An agreement was signed at UNESCO Headquarters, it state that the "White Helmets" will be able to provide, on a case-by-case basis, teams of volunteers at the Organization's request and this is what makes Armenia go for this issue, hoping that the White Helmet would help Armenia in humanitarian relief.
5. Nations in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation and technical cooperation for development.
Armenia strongly agrees with the role of all Nations in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation, and technical cooperation for development. All Nations should prioritize humanitarian issues over anything else. What is meant by "humanitarian" is everything that helps improve the situation a society is living. A worldwide organization should be formed that would help needing countries with their humanitarian issues. Armenia is country that suffered for ages and still suffering from the acts of bordering countries. Nations aware of these humanitarian issues should help Armenia, for it is an issue that would help keeping the world peaceful, without problems. Armenia would like to encourage all Nations, including the United Nations to take all the steps necessary to improve the humanitarian circumstances worldwide.
6. Strengthening of international cooperation to study, migitate, and minimize the consequences of natural disasters.
Armenia believes that The United Nations should do something to strengthen the international cooperation to study and minimize the consequences of natural disasters. Armenia used to have some natural disasters years ago. However, due to the environmental and global change, Armenia no longer fears these natural disasters since they are no longer present. Even though, Armenia still emphasizes the fact that other nations suffer from natural disasters, and hopes that the United Nations takes all immediate and necessary actions possible to help those countries to minimize their consequences. Armenia also fears a similar earthquake that occurred in 1989 to occur in these coming years.
The effects of the December 1988 earthquake in Armenia and its massive devastation (of 25,000 dead, 19,000 injured, 530,000 homeless, 58 villages destroyed, and 20 cities and towns and 358 villages affected) still linger. The earthquake destroyed 40% of Armenia's economic capacity. To compound the humanitarian emergency, Azerbaijan quickly followed with a border closure and trade embargo that remains in place to this day, effectively cutting Armenia off from its traditional trade outlets and sources of raw materials. The economic impact of these border closures was intensified in 1993, when Turkey also imposed a blockade on Armenia. In addition, there are 340,000 ethnic Armenians registered as refugees by the Armenian authorities, 10% of the total Armenian population. There are also approximately 60,000 forcibly displaced people from Nagorno Karabagh, the Shahumian district in Azerbaijan, Abkhazia and Chechnya. From this we should conclude that international cooperation to study, migitate, and minimize the consequences of natural disasters should be strengthened in order to stop cises this these from having a high negative effect on the country.
4. Sara Al Dukair (Territorial Disputes Committee)
1. Question of Cyprus.
Armenia knows that if this issue goes further on itíll lead to a larger problem. These problems may lead to conflicts and disputed to arise between countries and organizations. The question of Cyprus is based on two different groups, the Turks and Greeks. The northern part of Cyprus is called "The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus", while the other parts are mainly for the Greeks. 25% of the population of Cyprus is Turkish while the rest which is 75% are Greeks. This problem mainly started when the President of the Republic of Cyprus proposed some amendments to facilitate the functioning of the state . After that theTurkís threatened to invade Cyprus.
Ever since, the aim of the Turkish Cypriot leadership has been the partitioning of Cyprus and annexation by Turkey. Later on Turkey launched a full scale invasion of Cyprus which lead to 200,00 Greek Cypriots turning into refugees in their own country. The Turkish invasion against the Greeks have been rejected and condemned by several international organizations such as the United Nations, European Union, and the European Commission of Human Rights of the Council of Europe.
Armenia believes that Cyprus should have no groups inside its countries. Turkís and Greekís should either become as a whole or to find a solution that the both sides agree on. The Turkís shouldnít have a right to invade Cyprus for such a reason. In that sense, the Greekís should hold on to its powers in the country to fight against the Turkís to have develop a safer more affective Cyprus. We once again bring up the issue of self-determination. The people of Cyprus should have the full right in determinig their fate!
2. Situations in the Republic of the Russian Federation and Checnya.
Armenia doesnít really have a stable point of view towards this issue. Both Russia and Checnya have good relationships with Armenia, bearing in mind the Checnya is part of Russia. All Checnya wants is to have itís own country, government, and law. While Russia disapproves of giving them that advantage because it would mean that Russia would lose parts of its land. Russia somehow thinks that having a larger land would help them in regaining power Armenia believes that Russia and Checnya should come up with a soultion to this problem at hand through peaceful means.
Russia provides many materials to Armenia, and Checnya also helps Armenia in some ways. Armenia also confesses that because of the different variations of religion in Checnya and Russia, and this is causing a major dilemma between both parties. In conclusion, Armenia believes that this issue should be settled peacefully so that both sides are convinced with the result. Armenia would like to emphasize that we feel completely neutral towards this issue and hope it can be settled through peaceful means.
5. Nasser Al Shaya ( Disarmenment Committee)
1. Prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of non-chemical weapons of mass destruction, including bacteriological, biological and toxin weapons:
Armenia firmly supports this issue as is, since it is against any usage of weapons that will certainly, if used, lead to total destruction and the possibility of mankind extinction. Armenia is also concerned with the fact that this issue should not infringe on a nationís national sovereignty, since that is a violation of several important standards that were agreed on previously at the time countries signed to join the United Nations and to a countryís independence, alongside to its governmental structure. In addition to the fact that we are in the 21st century that withholds the current theme of global and regional peace, forgetting all those incidents that lead to any disturbances.
Finally, Armenia would like to emphasize on the part of the issue that deals with PROHIBITION of these weapons, where previously entertained events such as UN inspections in some regions of the world were unable to get to the solid truth about whether some countries were having weapon tests for future fabrication. This terrorizes countries and leads to some motion of instability within nations that head towards corruption and disturbance of the governments and daily life routines.
2. Prevention of an arms race in outer space:
Armenia confirms that outer space does not belong to any country in particular, and that international co-operation should be based on rules that regulate the uses in that region by the supervision of an organisation that makes sure that the usage is friendly to the environment. Before using those areas, the country wishing to conduct peaceful experiments should obtain the UNís approval, after submitting a research that proves no harm or effects will be seen due to those experiments.
Moreover, all countries wishing to participate in using the outer space ratify that they are binding themselves to solid regulations that cannot be violated under any circumstances, and any violations will be met with severe punishments. These punishments have the power to infringe on a nationís national sovereignty simply because it has put the whole world at risk of radioactivity and other side effects.
In addition, Armenia would like to encourage more joint projects, such as the international space station, for the exploration and research of outer space for PEACEFUL and REGULATED purposes. In conclusion, we should be aware that any misuse of outer space, that is defined by being a region of space immediately beyond earthís atmosphere, will lead to dangers emanating from the misconduct.
3. Transparency in armaments and military expenditures and the reduction of military budgets,
Armenia totally agrees with the above mentioned issue. If every nation abided with this then it exhibits the willingness to co-operate, proves to other countries the fact that it does not have anything to hide from others and this points towards not having any harmful weapons nor tests of any chemical nor nuclear nature unless specified and agreed upon. Then moving on to the part of military budget reduction, that helps the country and the world in many important ways such as helping other governmental bodies that need aid or are suffering from severe deficits, increase investments and making everyone better off, and finally if other countries need the money besides interior military expansion then it can be lent for the benefit of all.
4. A comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty,
In previous times, this issue would have been considered idealistic and positively unreachable, but after observing what had happened due to the use of nuclear weapons and the dangersí that countries fear from surrounding nuclear producing nations, it should be enforced. Enforcing it in a diplomatic way that calls upon all countries to sign it, firstly for better efficiency of reducing the sources of nuclear weapons sold by the black market to developing countries. Secondly, give nations more confidence and willingness to continue to comply with the treaty and cut back production of the weapons and finally give the treaty a higher level of compliance verification and not give a false sense of security. In the end, Armenia would like to stress upon the importance of this treaty and urges all nations to overcome the greed for power and look towards a brighter future that resembles the theme of peace and security. Armenia as a country that has signed this treaty, we invite you all to sign this treaty for a better future.
6. Besma Al Mutawa (Information Technology Committee)
1. Developments in the field of communications.
Armenia is simply behind in the developments in the field of communications. Armenia has struggled so much with several countries for their location between two opposing countries with diverse points of views and their natural resources. Even though Armenia is not quick in developing, it strives to offer the best it can to its people. Armenia believes that developed countries should help a lot in solving this problem. This issue has a dramatic change over the countriesí economy. Armenia is also aware of how this issue can help Armenia in many fields, much more than just communications. Armenia believes that developed countries are the only ones who can help. The solution is mainly in the hands of the developed countries. Will you help the future.. if you canít do anything about the past?!
2. Advancement of IT for sustainable development.
Armenia is strongly with the advancement of IT for sustainable developments. This issue helps Armenia a lot by eliminating a large percentage of poverty. There are other issues more important than this issue.. people are dieing from starvations and wars.. but the future depends on Information Technology. We believe that the growth and implementation of Information Technology is an important world wide and especially poor countries need. We would like to point out that development in the field of Information Technology is very slow in poor countries. Developed countries should take actions towards this issue by helping the nations seeking development to achieve their goals. The UN and moderated countries should grant financial nations to help countries seeking development to catch up with worldwide global communications rapid growth.
Submitted by: Armenia
Co-Submitted by: Bangladesh
Delegate: Adel Al Amar
Committee: Security Council
Question of: Equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council.
Believing in the promotion of equity in the Security Council.
Pointing out that Africa, Latin America and the Islamic World have no permanent voice that they can genuinely speak for the international community
Expecting an increase in the membership of the Security Council in order to introduce diverse points of view.
Fully alarmed by the continuous flagrant violation of equity in the Security Council.
Bearing in mind that equity in the Security Council should be achieved and promoted through the removal of the veto power today, tomorrow, or after a long time.
Realizing that this resolution will be a long-term step towards the promotion of equity in the Security Council.
1. Requests an additional membership of the Security Council in which it will consist of 16 non-permanent states that rotate every 2 years in which:
a. The seating would be divided as follow:
i.) The Middle East would have 2 seats (Diverse points of views, i.e. Israel/Palestine and Iraq/Kuwait),
ii.)Asia 3 seats (Pakistan, India, and Indonesia are major regional powers, crises, nuclear proliferation, and economic affairs),
iii.)North America 1 seats (Since the US is a permanent member and so there is no need for more than a 1 seat since there are not many countries and crises),
iv.)South America 3 seats (Economic affairs, some crises, and regional powers),
v.)Australia and Oceanic 2 seats, Europe 2 seats (Economic affairs and regional powers),
vi.) Africa 3 seats (Nigeria, South Africa, and Egypt are major regional powers. Also there are many diverse points of views, crises, and economic affairs),
2. Urges all member states to support an increase in the membership of the Security Council since this will:
a. Introduce diverse points of view in each topic, which will result in more thoughtful and rightful decisions.
b. Give a chance for nations to express their policies towards issues.
3. Resolves that to promote equity in the Security Council, taking into consideration the permanent 5 members and elimination of this right away slowly and in a civilized manner:
a. The permanent 5 members would have the full veto right until 2010, and vetoes should only be allowed on peacekeeping and enforcement measures.
b. From the year 2010 Ė 2020, whereby when 3 permenant SC members go against a resolution it will be equal to 1 veto,
c. From the year 2020 Ė 2030, the permanent 5 members veto power will be equivalent to 6 non-permanent member statesí vote,
d. The veto power should be permanently eliminated by the year 2030,
4. Encourages all of the permanent 5 members of the Security Council to vote for this resolution since it solves the question of equity slowly and in a civilized manner,
5. Further encourages all non-permanent member states to vote for this resolution since it promotes equity within the Security Council further more.
Submitted by: Armenia
Delegate: Ghazi Al Sharhaan
Committee: Human Rights
QUESTION OF: Situation of Human Rights in Turkey
Defines Human Rights as the rights of every human being that were agreed upon by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
Aware of the fact that the Turkish Government repeatedly demonstrates its contempt for its obligations under the HR treaties it signed, and for the lives and safety of its minority citizens,
Alarmed By the fact that DESPITE more than 1.5 million Turkish-Armenian citizens dying during the large massacre of 1915,for which the world condemned the Turkish Government, the Turkish Government STILL acts towards their minority citizens with hatred and discrimination, as some of these minority citizens are tortured and abused daily,
Deeply Disturbed by the fact that the Turkish Government uprooted hundreds of thousands of minorities, including Kurds and Armenians, from their homes and ancient homeland and doesnít allow them to return,
Alarmed by the fact that the Turkish Government harasses the few Non-Turkish schools by forcing the students and the teachers to talk "Turkish" throughout the whole school day, except in the short language classes,
Noting that the current government of Turkey is directly descended from that which committed the Armenian massacre,
Reminds all countries that Turkey has a treaty of understanding with Israel, a country that is currently violating the Human Rights of the Arabs and Palestinians, and continues to defy the world by not complying with the UN resolution 242,
1. Recommends that the Turkish government adhere to its responsibilities under international and national law to protect its minority citizensí rights;
2. Further Recommends that the Turkish Government should respect its minoritiesí freedom of religion;
a. Including the establishment, management and control of religious institutions,
i. And specifically the right to participate in the overall workings of the Armenian Church "as guaranteed by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and Article 13 note 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights";
3. Requests that the Turkish Government should allow the minorities to exercise their right to establish, manage, and control schools;
a. Including the unobstructed selection of teachers, principals, and curriculum, and the repair and maintenance of buildings "as guaranteed by Article 41 of the Treaty of Lausanne and the 1990 Charter of Paris, and Article 26 note 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights";
4. Strongly Condemns the barbaric character that the Turkish Government has used and still continues to use against its innocent minorities, including Armenians and Kurdish minorities by:
a. Preventing them from using their own language in public places,
b. Giving them a hard time in education,
c. Torturing them and publicly discriminating against them,
d. Executing them without a trial;
5. Strongly Urges the Turkish Government to end the degrading treatment, including police harassment, of its minorities "as guaranteed by the Human Dimensions section of the Charter of Paris (1990), The Geneva Report of the CSCE Meeting of Experts on National Minorities (1991), and Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights";
6. Further Urges the Turkish Government to protect its minorities from the harassment of others "as guaranteed by Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article X of the Turkish Constitution";
7. Also Condemns the fact that the Turkish Government is unwilling to improve the descending quality of Prisons in Turkey that arenít even close to the International Standards of prison quality, and it proved that by:
a. Not Granting the Human Rights Watch's request for permission to visit the Kartal facility Prison;
8. Sets Up a sub-committee of the UNHCHR called the Sub-Committee on Human Rights Protection of the Minorities in Turkey (SCHRPMT), in which:
a. Will include 210 experts in Human Rights Affairs,
b. Will hand the responsibility of choosing the head of this sub-committee to the "United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights";
9. Has Resolved that the Committee mentioned above will:
a. Monitor the situation of Human Rights in Turkey,
b. Gather data concerning the Human Rights Situation in Turkey and the violations that occur, by:
i. Visiting prisons
ii. Exploring the overall relationship between the Government represented by all of its branches, including the police force, and the Turkish minorities,
iii. Interviewing members of minorities
c. Prepare a report about the Human Rights Violations in Turkey to present to the UNHCHR,
d. Advise, if reports of violations occur, to the General Assembly and the Security Council of the possibility of imposing sanctions on Turkey.
Submitted by: Republic of Armenia
Delegate: Nada Al Abduljader
Issue: Return and restitution of cultural property to the countries of origin.
Defining cultural property as "anything that has cultural relevance that is owned by a certain individual, group, or a country",
Bearing in mind that many countries have lost their cultural properties in colonization, for example, Egypt, Armenia, and Vietnam,
Deeply concerned about the importance of the stolen cultural properties from their countries of origin as they hold deep symbolic and emotional significance,
Expecting that all countries that claim to own other countries cultural properties return them now as it is, or offer fair compensation,
Deeply disturbed with the fact the many countries that took some cultural properties from other countries deny the fact that they stole these properties: For instance, Great Britain is keeping many Egyptian cultural properties in London Museums, and the Turks are keeping almost all the Armenian cultural properties in their museums,
Expressing its Appreciation to the United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural organization (UNESCO) cooperation in many other cultural issues, such as Cultural Heritage, Cultural Development, Copyright and Cultural Industries, and Intercultural Dialogue and Pluralism,
Deeply conscious that the UNESCO is not paying sufficient attention to the issue of returning or restituting the cultural properties to its origin,
1- Draws attention to the significant amounts of cultural properties that are taken out of the countries of origin;
2- Notes that all countries have the right to ask for their cultural properties that were taken from them in this generations or previous generations by reporting their case to the UNESCO and asking to call upon concerned country/ countries;
3- Expressed its Hopes that no country would need to go through this procedure and that all the problems concerning this issue will be solved peacefully without solving it through the UN;
4- Declares the creation of the sub committee , (RCPTCO) Returning Cultural Properties to the Countries of Origin, that will be under the UNESCO that will be composed of an arbitration committee thatíll consist of three countries, including the two countries with the conflict, plus a country that both countries with the conflict choose, which will do the following:
a) Decide whether the cultural property/properties fought upon is worth returning or refunded,
b) Decide how much money refund the country that stole this property ought to pay,
c) Send their decision to the UNESCO to be accompanied by a written report of what was decided in the trial;
5- Notes that a RPCTCO hearing will occur even if a country doesnít show for the proceedings;
6- Resolves that the UNESCO will double the money given to the RCPTCO from the countries where it will be spent as following:
a) 50% to educate the country culturally
b) 50% where the country sees it necessary, for example:
i) to buy food for the citizens
ii) to buy educational facilities
iii) to use in other necessary fields
7- Further Resolves that the UNESCO demand the country that stole the cultural property return it or repay and if that country doesn't comply:
a) Suggests the Security Council to impose economic sanctions until they comply and pay back the money or return the cultural property as decided by the subcommittee,
b) Widely publicize cases in which countries ignore UNESCO decisions;
8- Urges concerned citizens of concerned countries to boycott the museums where stolen cultural properties are kept;
9- Condemns countries for past acquisitions of cultural properties that are owned by the countries of origin and encourages countries not to persist in this practice;
10- Fully believing that all countries will cooperate in achieving the goal of peacemaking by voting for this resolution and giving the countries of origin their right of having their cultural property back, knowing that the culture of a country is very significant without it countries have lost, and therefore forgotten their past;
Submitted by: Armenia
Delegate: Sara Al Dukair
Committee: Territorial Disputes
Question of: The question of Cyprus.
Defining this issue as a dispute in which two groups fight to take over the ruling of Cyprus,
Noting that 75% of Cyprus' population are Greeks while the of the percentage are Turks,
Welcoming all countries and organizations to help Cyprus in condemning the Turkish threats to invade Cyprus,
Recognizing that the UN resolution 37/253 states " demands the immediate withdrawal of all occupation forces from the Republic of Cyprus",
Affirming that the declaration of Cyprus' independence and the forming of the so-called "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" have been internationally condemned,
Taking Note that the Cyprus issue should be solved on the basis of relevant UN resolutions,
Informing that no nation has referred to Cyprus as the so-called "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" except for the Turk's,
1. Calls upon all nations not to recognize any Cypriot State, other than the Republic of Cyprus;
2. Pointing out that Cyprus' independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, and non-aligned status should be respected;
3. Supports the UN in already trying to solve this question by the bizonal bicommunal federation formula;
4. Strongly deplores the Turkish invasion and occupation and its crimes against the Greek Cypriot people;
5. Emphasizes that talks should focus on basic aspects of the Cyprus problem such as:
6. Urges all nations to leave democracy lead its way in allowing the majority of its population to rule the country;
7. Requests the immediate withdrawal of all occupational forces of the Turkish troops from the Republic of Cyprus;
8. Affirms the importance of receiving war reparations from Turkey and financial support from the UN to:
9. Declares that no nations should interfere in another nations internal affairs to support certain groups within the other country's borders because:
ii.)no trading between the different groups,
i.)limitation in trading,
10. Resolves that the UN should offer forming a national committee within Cyprus which will include:
11. Further Resolves that this committee will be responsible of:
Submitted by: Armenia
Delegate: Nasser Al Shaya
QUESTION OF: Prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of chemical weapons of mass destruction,
Affirming that a chemical warfare agent is a chemical substance, whether gaseous, liquid or solid, that may be used because of the negative or destructive effect on man, plants, or animals, as defined by the Chemical Weapons Convention(CWC),
Noting with deep concern that chemical agents can be dispersed either through air or water contamination, or even physical touch,
Keeping in mind that weapons were intended for protection, but due to poor storage and bad management they are capable of causing destruction,
Determined to achieve the effective prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of chemical weapons of mass destruction,
Realising that if compliance verification cannot be guaranteed and undetected chemical weapons may be present, the convention would give a false sense of security,
Noting that some countries contribute to the spread of chemical weapons capability to developing countries and are so being considered as possible sources of chemical weapons for terrorists,
Noting with regret that chemical weapons are found at relatively low costs and ease of manufacture as well as being very hard to detect,
Submitted by: Armenia
Delegate: Besma Al Mutawa
Committee: Information Technology
Defining technology as the study, development, and application of devices, machines, and techniques for manufacturing and productive processes.
Defining information technology as the use of technologies from computing, electronics, and telecommunications to process and distribute information in digital and other forms.
Bearing in mind that the revolution in communication and information technologies has opened up the global market to new players. They have become the moving engines for economic growth, and, at the same time, if used appropriately, the great equalizers.
Recognizing the positive affective aspects information technology has on society and people.
Fully alarmed by the approach in which diverse technology is being used, in terms of hacking and viruses.
Recognizes the Information technology as the professional organization of choice among Information Technology professionals by providing industry leadership and opportunities for professional development and personal growth.
Points out that the information technology dedicated to using the synergy of Information Technology partnerships to provide education and benefits to our members and to working with the industry to assist in the overall promotion and direction of Information Technology.
Noting with appreciation the UNís efforts for developing information technology by establishing the United Nations Centre For Regional Development (UNCRD),
1- Draws the Attention to the rapid growth and implementation of information technology in industrialized countries,
2- Further Recommends the UN and industrialized grant financial nations to help improve developed countries catch up with worldwide global communications rapid growth, by:
a) Increasing the annual UN dues by an amount of 2.5%,
b) Donations from Regional Organizations and the United Nations extra dues to all developed whom:
3. Calls upon nations to take civil action against citizens caught developing or propagating illicit or unlawful material, to preserve a world of Globalization through information technology (IT).
4. Further emphasizes the importance of the co.-operation between developing and developed countries in order to reduce illiteracy and lag because of the slow growth and implementation of information technology faced by the rapid growth and implementation of information technology in developed nations,
5. Further reminds that illiteracy, lag, and slow down of the growth and implementation development of information technology would affect not only developing or third world countries but the whole world.
6. Have Resolved that the UN must properly recognize developed countries that are working on the growing and implementation of information technology with full cooperation and welcoming by:
a) Lowering the payback of debt by 20%,
7. Strongly deplores military and arduous governments who have slowed down or stopped the growth and implementation development of information technology,
8.Further resolves that the UN should immediately:
a) Appoint a team to confirm to the UN which countries are committing the crimes stated previously,
b) Cut donations to the countries and governments slowing down or stopping the growth and implementation development of information technology,
c) Impose a UN special team to value the countries and governments co-operation with the development of information technology,
Honorable chairs, fellow delegates, and most distinguished guests. Good evening.
Days, Weeks, Months, Years, Decades, Centuries, GENERATIONS!
Blood, murderers, executions, deaths, GENOCIDE! Cryís of the hungry, tears of our innocent, and the future of our youth. Blood of our ancestorsí calls for JUSTICE! When will you honorable delegates stand up for what you know is ATROCITY. The mother of all wars! When will Turkey admit that they SLOTTERED the innocent souls of more that 1.5 million Armenians and admit the well-known fact that they violated human rights as well as the national sovereignty of Armenia. When will Turkey Promote justice?!
Ladies and gentlemen, for humanity, for peopleís rights, for our youth, and for our future, Armenia urges you all to take a minute and think about this.. For if you stand with Armenia today, we will promote justice as the world have never seen. For we can assure you that you will go home feeling peace within you, just for knowing that you did the RIGHT thing. Thank you.
Besma al Mutawa: Information TechnologyI performed an outstanding role both in my committee and in the GA even when I was tired the last day and couldnít make it to the meeting. Unfortunately, sickness betrayed many of the delegates including myself and Armenia wasnít able to lead the General Assembly as good as it could have done if all the delegates were there. Armenia merged its resolution with many countries from all over the world and submitted a well-written resolution. I experienced many things on this trip. Apart from the amusement time, I learned more about the other countries there and by being Armenia, I observed how other countries think of my nation, for Armenia is a country hated by many nations. Also, just by being in Turkey and representing Armenia was a tough job for there was war between the Turks and the Armenians long ago. This trip was exciting, educational and simply wonderful !
Nasser al Shaya: DisarmanentNasser ended up filling in for Hessa Al Malallah with China at this event.
Sara al Dukair:Territorial DisputesArmenia played a bouncy role throughout the event in TIMUN. In the first day, Armenia proved itsí presence by raising their placard at all times. In lobbying and merging, Armenia co-signed with China after a long negotiation on who becomes the main submitter. In the Territorial disputes committee, our resolution passed, but unfortunately in the GA it failed with the difference of one vote. Armenia was considered to be an important country in the event.
Ghazi al Sharhan: Human Rights
I believe that I represented Armenia very well at TIMUN. In the Opening Ceremony, I gave a "Right of Reply" speech concerning the Opening Speech of Turkey. In that speech, I TRASHED the Turks! As I was giving my speech, there was total silence in the auditorium. Right after I gave the solid concluding remarks of my speech, there was total CHAOS between the fellow delegates! It was the "Speech of the Night"!
In my Committee (Human Rights Committee), my resolution was an attacking resolution concerning the situation of Human Rights in Turkey. My speech about the resolution was a very solid attacking speech. My speech finally awakened the whole Committee from their boredom. In my speech I severely attacked Turkey and Azerbaijan. Turkey didnít have the guts to say anything! The whole Committee was shocked! Even the President of our Committee was OVERWHELMED! He was overwhelmed by the striking evidence that I brought up. These Evidence were strong enough that they made the debating on my resolution freeze for nearly 15 minutes! That was the time it took our President to judge, approve, and explain the validity of my evidence. However, even after all of this, my resolution didnít pass. That was because the delegates judged the resolution from their individual point of view, not from their countryís point of view.
Moving to the General Assembly, the resolution that made it from our committee to the GA was the PLOís resolution. It was about the Rights of Minorities. I was FOR this resolution. I gave a speech that astonished the audience! Thatís because I not only trashed Turkey, I also severely attacked Azerbaijan! I attacked Azerbaijan about what they did to the Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh. It was a breath-taking speech!
Finally, I can resolve that I will be remembered as the VITAL Armenian Delegate. As the delegate who had the guts to Trash the Turks in Turkey, and succeeded in doing so. As the delegate who was in the precise character of his country, and who knew exactly
TIMUN, ECOSOC Paragraph (NADA AL ABDULJADER)
Although the Model United Nations Armenia attended was in Turkey it had no fears expressing it feelings and blaming Turkey on what they have done to Armenia. As the delegate of Armenia is the ECOSOC, I had an important and significant role. Armenia was active in debating all the resolutions. It took part in each debate answering and solving countriesí challenges. For Armenia, TIMUN was the place where all the countries would here what it has to say, not mentioning that most delegatesí reall nationality was TURKISH! Further more, Armenia was the country that all the spotlights was aimed on. In the Turkish International Model United Nations Armenia was the foremost chief in leading all countries to the right decision, PROMOTING PEACE.
1. Ambassador: Adel Al Amar (Security Council)
As the ambassador of Armenia, I stress on the fact that Armenia played a vital and critical role in the Turkish International Model United Nations Conference 2000 (TIMUN) and I would like to congratulate all members of my delegation. Going to the event well prepared and organized had a significant effect on my role as an ambassador of Armenia and the Security Council representative. I knew that becoming a delegate of a country is working on with itís policy very closely with all your feelings and emotions. Still, that doesnít mean that you create enemies, you still have to make allies and work with others using the skill of diplomacy.
Starting from the first day in the opening ceremonies I started coordinating with my delegation in a way to trash the Turks and have our special type of print from the first day. This is what really happened. Before the time to make my opening speech my vice-ambassador Ghazi Al Sharhan rised to the podium and gave a right of reply trashing the Turks. It was very often that we make writes of reply and was an important part of the opening ceremonies. After that, it was time for Armenia to make its opening speech.. a speech recalling the genocide the Turks committed on the people of Armenia when they slaughtered the innocent souls of more that 1.5 million Armenianís.. killing all what everyone considers humans.. but they donít! They killed our youth.. and our future that we are trying to rebuild. Through this speech.. we nearly make the whole event our.. enemy because they were all Turks.. and took it personal. it was time for diplomacy to become activated. I passed a note to the Turkish ambassador explaining the fact that itís a delegate representing his country.. and she replied with a thank you note. That was the beginning of the diplomatic actions we had to take as an Armenian delegation.
In the Security Council, Armenia was one of the most significant countries. From the first day in lobbying and merging.. I used all my abilities.. all the long hours and days of preparation, in getting countries to support my resolution on the reform of the Security Council. This resolution mainly asked for adding both Japan and Germany to the Security Council as permanent non-veto members, increasing the efficiency of the Security Council and itís workability. When you first open the door of the Security Council lobbying and Merging room, you have to "LEAD" others and gather them near you, searching for support. This is the only way you would gain support, be the leader and not the follower. It is leadership and not the name of the country you represent that uncovers your fate in the Security Council. I quote Mr. Dan, "Kill or be killed!" This is true. As for me, I used all my leadership abilities in having countries support my resolution. It was my good preparation, my hard work, leadership, and least but not least, my diplomatic kind of character that helped me in being a main submitter of a resolution in the Security Council and have (believe it or not) the United States of America be my second speaker.
In the Security Council, Armenia took role in the discussion of resolutions. In the first resolution Armenia was supporting peace and self-determination in the Middle East and so supported the resolution submitted by China for being more efficient than the other resolution submitted by the United Kingdom. In the discussion of the second resolution I had a special task, but a somewhat simplified one. Thanks for the hard work during lobbying and merging where I got the support of all the permanent members of the Security Council or at least an abstention. I still had to work so closely with the United States of America in having others support this resolution. I spoke now and then and note passing between other delegates and me to share points of views and have them support the resolution was a non-stop character of this resolution. At last, this resolution passed and it was time for Armenians to celebrate a special print placed by their ambassador in a step to promote the workability and efficiency of the Security Council and the United Nations as an important body representing the international community.
Finally and after debating all the resolutions, it was time to choose between the two resolutions passed in the Security Council, a resolution to be read in the General Assembly in the closing ceremonies. It was the time of reality and the time for the greatest challenge and to get delegates to support my resolution going to the Security Council instead of Chinaís resolution represented by my friend Nabil Al Khalid. To say the truth it was a tough challenge.. a hard mission and task to be accomplished. I was first to speak.. I did all what I really can do and I honestly went beyond my actual abilities because I wanted to have the pleasure of an "Armenian" resolution being read in the General Assembly stressing on the fact and pointing out the significant role Armenia played in the Security Council. I used all my diplomacy.. all my abilities and beyond that.. and although I was first to speak I extraordinarily influenced the delegates. China was the second to speak for his resolution and this was an advantage since he had time to prepare and also as you all would agree that the idea and thought and everything the second speaker says would be more effective. I asked points of information to change other delegates support to China and pointed out that the honorable delegate of China is trying to make the delegates make decisions based on emotions and not what the resolution will really do. It was time for voting.. and "Yes!".. With a one-vote difference Armeniaís resolution passed to the General Assembly to be read. It was time for Armenians to celebrate and be proud of the role they play in the international community. Overall, Armenia had a special significant print in this event.