Country: China

Event: TIMUN 2000

Students: Nabil al Khaled, SC, ambassador

Nouf al Fraih: HR, vice-ambassadoress

Abdullah al Asousi: ECOSOC

Rakan al Bahar: IT

Hessa al Othmann: Disarmament

Maryem al Hamad: Environment

Aziz al Ateeqi: Territorial Disuptes

Country: China*


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The Chinese National Anthem

Latin Transliteration

Qilai! Buyuan zuo nuli de renmen,
Ba women de xuerou zhucheng women xin de changcheng.
Zhonghua Minzu dao liao zui weixian de shihou,
Meigeren beipo zhe fachu zuihou de housheng.
Qilai! Qilai! Qilai!
Women wanzhong yixin,
Mao zhe diren de paohuo, Mao zhe diren de paohuo,
Qianjin! Qianjin! Qianjin! Jin!

English:

Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves!
With our flesh and blood,
let us build our new Great Wall!
The Chinese nation faces its greatest danger.
From each one the urgent call for action comes forth.

Arise! Arise! Arise!
Millions with but one heart,
Braving the enemy's fire.
March on!
Braving the enemy's fire.
March on! March on! March on!

China


 

The People’s Republic of China

Country Profile

Political Structure

The transition of Chinese society from a new- democratic to a socialist society was effected step by step. The socialist transformation of the private ownership of the means of production was completed, the system of exploitation of man by man eliminated and the socialist system established. The people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants, which is in essence the dictatorship of the lower class, has been aggregated and developed. Major successes have been achieved in economic development. An independent and fairly comprehensive socialist system of industry has in the main been established. There has been a marked increase in agricultural production. Significant progress has been made in educational, scientific, cultural and other undertakings, and socialist ideological education has yielded noteworthy results. The living standards of the people have improved considerably. Both the victory of China's new-democratic revolution and the successes of its socialist cause have been achieved by the Chinese people of all nationalities under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the guidance of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong aided by the exceptional contribution of Deng Xiao Peng.

The Constitution of the People's Republic of China stipulates the country's central state organs consisting of six components: The National People's Congress, the Presidency of the People's Republic of China, the State Council, The Central Military Commission, The Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People' s Procuratorate. The National People's Congress, The Standing Committee of the National People 's Congress, The Presidency of the People's Republic of China, The State Council The Central Military Commission, The Supreme People's Court The Supreme People's Procuratorate. The five organs, the Presidency, the State Council, the Central Military Commission, the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate are formed by the National People's Congress, and are responsible to the NPC and the Congressional Standing Committee.

China, though a large country in area and strength, has managed to maintain relatively satisfactory stability. In order to maintain this stability, China has to continue to strike between the right balance between continuity and long-term stability, and the capacity for change and adaptation to the evolving environment. China recognizes that the reform of the financial sector is of high importance to economic stability. Though China has to make many imminent changes, it maintains sufficient political and economic stability. However, China has a large problem in maintaining stability in some areas. The main cause of this is the fact that it is virtually impossible to balance complete political power and grant economic freedom to citizens. The problem is that the feels it must give no political freedom, but economic freedom.

 

Natural Resources

 

Because of its gigantic area, China has a wide array of minerals. Those used, though, are mainly vanadium, chrome, and cobalt. Agriculture plays an important role in China’s commodities. About 85% of the sown area of China is devoted to food crops. The most important is rice, which occupies about one fifth of the total cultivated area. However, a small percentage of China is good farmland. With a large population, this has often meant starvation and famine if the government fails to feed its people.

China has trade agreements with many countries. For example, China’s trade agreement with the US is called the MFN. China also has numerous trade agreements with Russia, Germany, France, and Korea. Another trade agreement was the "One China, Two Systems Agreement" with the former British colony Hong Kong, as, at that time, the two nations had completely separate economies. China also has agreements with the GCC countries for import of oil. Rumors accuse China of illegal import of oil from Iraq.

China strives to be self-sufficient. In most cases, it is self-sufficient. At one point, China produced enough coal to satisfy its needs. Now, it is unable to produce enough coal, so it imports coal from Russia and the United States. China also needs to import grain and oil (which are also imported from the GCC countries) from the US. One of the agreements that China shares with the US is the MFN. The US threatened China that it would not renew this agreement when China largely violated human rights policies in the 1990’s. This would’ve largely worsened the economy of China. However, as Chinese industry continues to develop, its self-sufficiency in raw materials will come under challenge. Meaning that they are finding themselves importing more and more raw materials, especially, their coal is insufficient for an industrial power.


Cultural Factors

From the woodlands of the north, to the jungles in the south, from the mountains of Taiwan in the east, to the top of the world in the west, China is a home to 56 official ethnic groups. The largest group, the Hans, makes up over 92% of China’s vast population, and it is the elements of Han civilization that the world considers "Chinese culture." Yet, the other ethnic groups maintain their own rich traditions and customs, and all are parts of Chinese culture. The other 55-minority groups are spread over approximately three-fifths of the total area of the country. Where these minority groups are found in large numbers, they have been given some aspect of independence and self-government; self-governing regions of several types have been established on the basis of the geographic distribution of nationalities. The government takes great credit for its treatment of these minorities, including care for their economic well-being, the raising of their living standards, the provision of educational facilities, the promotion of their national languages and cultures, and the raising of their levels of literacy, as well as for the introduction of a written language where none existed previously.

There are many religions in China. The official religion is atheist. There are however, many other religions that are widely spread like Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. Even though, it is wrong to say that Taoism is a popular religion. The basic ideal of Taoist religion is the achievement of bodily immortality. It was to be pursued by a series of individual practices: dietary control, gymnastics, good deeds, and meditation and visualization of the innumerable gods and spirits that were supposed to dwell inside the microcosms of the body.

Confucianism is sometimes viewed as a philosophy and sometimes as a religion. It stresses on the duties of the relationships between family members, especially the relationships between the husband and wife, older brother to younger, father to son, and brother to sister. Although often grouped with the major historical religions, Confucianism differs from them by not being an organized religion. To begin with, it neither denies nor slights Heaven. However, it was a major influence in China and amongst the Chinese people.

Buddhism is also a major belief in China. People who believe in Buddhism practice scripture and are inspired by vernacular literature. Buddhism’s are well known for their communal festivals and their somewhat weird worships. The Taoism and the Buddhist often contradict in everything, especially beliefs, however they are not mutually exclusive.

Another major belief in China is the Fulan Gong, which is a mixture of Confucianism and Buddhism. The Fulan Gong also believes in Qongqong, a form of meditation. . It is believed that internally Fulan offers self-salvation: it makes the person stronger and healthier, more intelligent and wise, and protects the cultivator from deviation. Also, it can protect the cultivator from interference from people with inferior Xinxing. Externally, it is believed that the Fulan can cure diseases and get rid of evils for others, rectifying all abnormal conditions

The oldest art forms in China are music and dance. Music played an important role in early Chinese ritual and statecraft. Painting and calligraphy also played an important role in the Chinese culture. They were considered domains of the most elite and educated people in China. Fine-art painters are known by name from as early as the 6th century. Chinese painting is predominantly of landscapes, done in black pine-soot ink on fine paper or silk, occasionally with the addition of faint color washes. As for calligraphy, China used to judge a person’s character by the elegance of their handwriting. Calligraphy was considered the highest form of visual art that had an effect on everything. Until today Chinese art finds their way into various collections around the world. Theatre is also an important and popular art in China. It originated in early religious dances, performed at festivals and historical events. The most common form of theatre in China is the urban storytelling and theatrical genres, known as opera. The operas were performed in special theatres, with elegant costumes and decorated stages. Opera’s feature song and dance, elaborate costumes and props, as well as displays of martial arts and acrobatics. Until today, China’s culture remains highly multiple around ancient traditions and modern experiments, in what sometimes appears to be a fine mix.


Defense

"We want china t be successful, secure and open, working with us for a more peaceful and prosperous world." President Clinton, Speech at Peking University, June 28, 1998.

The United States intends to continue confidence-building effort with China in coming years through greater contacts, exchanges and visits at all levels of the Chinese government and military establishment. The annual Defense Consultative Talks process will develop still importantly for high-leveled strategic dialogue.

In coming years, the united states will also seek and look to expand not only confidence-building measures, but also active cooperation with China in the greed of mutual interest. The States will continue it's aim for productive approaches with China to win it's military abilities and strength. As China and USA know, China has massive military ability and advance. The high-tech engineers in China are not only able to learn faster, but are also able to produce faster, when speaking of military capabilities.

Although China and the USA have a long history of interaction, missing from this contact over much of the past two centuries has been continuity and balance over strategic and military visional interest.

China's air force has 220,000 air defense personnel who control about 100 surface-to-air missile sites and over 16,000 antiaircraft guns. In addition, it has a large number of early-warning, ground-control-intercept, and air-base radars. The location of most of these air defense installations remains obscure, apart from a few SAM site near Taiwan. Surface-to-air missiles include the 50-km range HQ-2, an original Chinese product variant of the Soviet SA-2. Three batteries of the 100km-range SA-10 were imported from Russia and deployed under the HQ-10 nomenclature (designation), apparently forming an air defense barrier opposite of Taiwan.

There are 9 Disarmament from the founding of China. The total troops disarmed were 7 million. The first disarmament, at the end of the 1950's, 17.1% or 5.5 million troops were disarmed. The second disarmament, at the beginnings of 1952, the ground force was reduced from 2.58 million to 1.35 million. The third disarmament, at mid 1953, a third of the ground forces were cut. The fourth disarmament, at the beginning of 1957, they were again cut down by a third. The fifth disarmament, at the very end of the 1957, there was only 27.3& of ground forces and 17% of the Navy, and 16.4% of air forces were cut. The sixth, seventh, and eighth disarmament, in 1978, 1980, and 1985. The original Military commands were cut into 7 Military Commands. The ninth disarmament is underway. The goal of this disarmament is that the military forces will be cut to 500,000 people and some will be transferred into Armed Police.

In October 1964, China successfully exploded it's first atomic bomb. October 27th, 1966, China fired her first nuclear bomb from a guided missile. On June 17tjh, 1967, China exploded her first hydrogen bomb.

 

Geography

China is a huge country in Eastern Asia with a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. It is the world’s largest country in population and the third largest in area. The country covers more than a fifth of the continent of Asia, and borders many countries including, Russia, Mangolia, India, Burma, Vietnam, and North Korea. China’s vast land area includes some of the deserts and highest mountains in the world, as well as some of the richest farmlands. Southeastern China is a mixture of rugged hills, low mountains, and patches of level areas.

China’s climate is extremely varied due to its vast area. China has hot summers. However, while winters are warm in the Southeast, they are bitterly cold in the Northeast. Southeastern China is subtropical with abundant rainfall. Northeastern China, including, Beijing, experiences hot summers and cold winters, and is relatively dry. Shanghai, in east central China, has a climate intermediate between the southeast and the northeast, with mild winters and moderate rainfall. Great differences in climate are found from region to region owing to China's extensive territory and complex topography.

With a broad area, China's topography is very complex. The outline descends step by step from the west to the east. Mountains and hilly land take up 65 percent of the total area. There are five main mountain ranges. Seven mountain peaks are higher than 8,000 meters above sea level. The Bohai Sea, East China Sea, Yellow Sea and South China Sea embrace the east and southeast coast. In spite of China’s size, the immense majority of China’s people live in a very small area with their living area competing with the needs of agriculture.

 

Views on World Problems

China has a large influence and plays an important role in the international community. China’s opinion is always recognized in the United Nations as it is a permanent member in the Security Council. China, therefore, has Veto rights. China has a very strong voice in resolutions and decisions being discussed in the Security Council. Because it is a Communist nation, relations with countries like the United States are frequently strained.

China isn’t a member of many blocs and groupings. It strives to be in some organizations, like the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). Despite this kind of insistence, China remains a country that doesn’t participate in the world’s political, economical, and trade issues (UN membership excluded). China wants to increase trade and relations between other Asian nations, such as Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia. It would love, under correct conditions, to be more loved.

 

Economy

Although China is a very strict communist in everything, it is a little "open" in its economy. The government of China realized that China can’t continue with its economy unless it becomes a little open. There are many things that made the government want to have an open economy like to increase foreign trade and investment. The foreign trade is small by international standards but is growing rapidly in size and importance, and it represented 20 percent of GNP in 1985. Trade is controlled by Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade and subordinate units and by Bank of China, the foreign exchange arm of central bank.

That’s why the U.S. is always renewing the trade agreements between the two countries. The open economy will also benefit China by making it a strong purpose and reason for China to enter the World Trade Organization (WTO). Although China has a strong economy in the present time and doesn’t rely on debt, it strongly wants to enter the WTO because of its many benefits, and especially because China is not in "strong" economic organizations.

As said before, China is increasing its trade to have a better and "safe" economy, so China now exports and imports many things. Textiles is the leading export category. Other important exports included petroleum and foodstuffs. Leading imports included machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods, and chemicals. Japan is a dominant trading partner, accounting for 28.9 percent of imports and 15.2 percent of exports. Hong Kong is the leading market for exports (31.6 percent) but source of only 13 percent of imports. In 1979 United States became China's second largest source of imports and in 1986 was third largest overall trade partner. Western Europe, particularly Federal Republic of Germany, also major trading partner. Tourism is also encouraged and growing.

The Chinese money is called Renminbi (RMB) (means "People's Currency"). The popular unit of RMB is Yuan. 1 Dollar is about 8.30 Yuan. There are other parts and 1 Yuan is 10 Jiao, 1 Jiao is 10 Fen. Chinese currency is issued in the following denominations: one, two, five, ten, fifty and a hundred Yuan; one, two and five Jiao; and one, two and five Fen.



History

China’s original rulers were the numerous dynasties. Emperors headed these dynasties. These venerable emperors were worshiped like supreme beings were worshiped. Some of these emperors were cruel tyrants whom no one could oppose. The first prehistoric dynasty is said to be Xia, from about the twenty-first to the sixteenth century B.C. Traces of this dynasty were found in sites at Anyang, Henan Province. Following the Xia dynasty, the Shang, Zhou, and Qin Dynasties rose.

Since its communist revolution, China grew more and more isolated from the outside world. After Mao Zedong’s death, Deng Xiaoping grasped power in 1976. He continued to rule China until his death in 1997, when power was handed over to Premiere Zhu Rongji. Despite Mao’s death, China has continued a steady economic growth.

When power was handed to Deng Xiaoping, China has been growing economically. It began to allow opportunities with international investors. These opportunities have helped China’s sagging economy greatly. In fact, China is no longer a Third World Country. Deng Xiaoping led China into a great economic leap.

 

The People’s Republic of China

Policy Statements

Committee : Special Conference on Information Technology

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Rakan Al-Bahar

Issue #1: Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security

China fully supports developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security. However, China believes that everything should be government controlled in terms of information and telecommunications. We believe that the Internet should be strictly controlled and run by the government. We also believe that since the government is responsible for serving the people, the Internet is vital in order to ensure that stability is maintained. China is relieved with the bilateral agreements reached between the Unites States and China on the Internet community.

The Encryption Regulations and the Announcement grant wide-ranging powers to the newly established State Commission for the Administration of Encryption and its offices (the "State Encryption Administration"), including the power to approve and monitor the import, sale, use, research and manufacture of encryption products as well as other encryption-related matters (such as encryption product repair, destruction and advertising). However, China is against the U.S. in this, since the U.S. has no right to real all encryptions. China feels that the right the U.S. is exercising in not within its power.

 



Committee : Special Conference on Information Technology

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Rakan Al-Bahar

Issue #2: The advancement of IT (information technology) for sustainable development.

China believes that information technology is an important tool to today’s evolving world. Believing that technological advance and investment in the future is the only way path to progress, we fully the advancement of information technology. Since information technology has proved itself right in our standard of living, it is also responsible for making the world we live in a "Global Village". However, it is important to consider the government’s role in screening the Internet for material that is in violation of a nation’s law, culture, and tradition. Therefore, China recommends that the necessary framework be instated in order to give the governments the choice of censoring the Internet.

Moreover, China supports domestic and international information technology through telecommunications, Internet, networking, and trade. Hoping that computer information system networks would connect the Republic of China’s domestic computer information system to foreign information networks for the international exchanges of information. Finally, China fully supports the sustainable development of Information Technology, keeping in mind that such development should be affiliated with or controlled by the government.





Committee : Territorial Disputes

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Abdulaziz Al-Ateeqi

Issue #1: Situations in the republic of Russian Federation and Checnya

Checnya has always been a region of Russia and the Moslems in it want to break away now. Checnyans tried to break away by making rebellions, and Russia tried to maintain the situation unfortunately force was needed to put down the rebellions. If it doesn't, then various parts of southern Russian will revolt and other conflicts may take place.

China’s has always insisted that the sovereignty and the territorial integrity of a country should be respected. China’s policy towards this issue is consistent and explicit. The Checnyans must abandon their proposition of their independence completely. The Checnyans are violating territorial integrity. A country can never be split apart by a separator and Russia has the right to stop the rebels of the Checnyans because Checnya is not independent state and should never be an independent state. Since Checnya is an integral part of the Russian Federation, it has the authority and jurisdiction over the state. Therefore, any international intervention into the region would be unacceptable. Such intervention is a violation of Article 2 of the Charter of the United Nations.



Committee : Territorial Disputes

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Abdulaziz Al-Ateeqi

Issue #2: Question of Cyprus

The problem of Cyprus refers to disputes that have been existing for a long time between Greek community and Turkish community of Cyprus. The Greek and Turkish community are living for a long time on the Island of Cyprus. The two communities formed a united power after Cyprus has declared its independence in 1960 and after 3 years armed conflict has occurred between the two communities. Turkey then established another set of "executive authorities" and controlled the northern part of Cyprus, which covers 37% of the whole island. Cyprus was torn into two parts, the north and the south. From 1964 to now, the UN Security Council is maintaining the peacekeeping force in Cyprus. Now the two communities’ main divergences involve the adjustment of the territory, what kind of rights the destitute and homeless should have, the problem of sovereign rights and drawing up a constitution, the problem of Guarantor State, security issue and Cyprus’ joining the European Union etc.

China has always insisted that the independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-aligned position be respected, that UN resolutions on Cyprus problem should be implemented in earnest. Chinese government is deeply concerned over the Cyprus problem and supports all efforts by UN Secretary-general for solving the problem. We hope that the two communities, sparing no effort in cooperation with the Secretary-general, try to decrease the differences gradually through negotiation and set up mutual confidence on the basis of UN resolutions related, in seeking solutions acceptable to the two communities at an early date. This not only accords with fundamental interests of the two communities, but also is beneficial to the peace, stability and development of the region. As a permanent member of the Security Council, China is willing, together with international society, to make our own contribution to find a just and reasonable solution of the Cyprus problem.





Committee : Disarmament

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Hessa Malallah

Issue #1: Prohibition of the development, production and stockpiling of non-chemical weapons of mass destruction, including bacteriological, biological and toxin weapons

China thinks this issue is ridiculous and is only preventing further technology within the developed nations. China strongly believes that this issue was an "extra" jot in for the sake of small countries that are "afraid" of our "protection." China strongly believes that since countries have them too, other than China, they're happy, and so is China, so why come up with such issue? The world is still round. Even though China had invaded the Vietnamese, but that was after they kicked Chinese people out of their country! China doesn't believe in such issue because it only prevents further tech-development. Only countries like Vietnam with worthless reasons would want this issue because of their fears.

 

Committee : Disarmament

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Hessa Malallah

Issue #2: Prevention of an arms race in outer space

China believes in this issue as countries who can pilot arms in outer space may have good advantages in targeting strategic places in bad will. China true supports development, but not destructive developments. The Chinese people will see this as a development to deploy arms in outer space, but China feels that it is a threat, to China, it's people, and al the other countries. Who knows, maybe the Star Spangled Banner will use this as an opportunity to get back at all those poor countries that have no defenses.

China certainly does not want to observe a war in space because it may well lead to massive riots between countries here on Earth.

 

Committee : Disarmament

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Hessa Malallah

Issue #3: Transparency in armaments and military expenditures and reduction of military budgets

China thinks that this issue will be full of hot air because China sells excellent weapons and is happy with the prices. However, this issue should be an optional issue to be observed and followed. Countries like China and the USA wouldn't like this issue to reduce their excellent prices, but countries that buy those weapons from such countries as the USA and China would love to vote for this issue. China will stop it's supply of weapons to whoever votes for this issue.

The Free Marketing allowed the US to grasp and maintaine it's sales opportunities and to take the first place in arms' selling, disallowing the other countries to succeed in their sales.

 

Committee : Disarmament

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Hessa Malallah

Issue #4: A comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

China is okay with this issue. It band no nuclear weapon development, but is only band testing them. China is okay with that since it is sure that whatever it does is successful and right, especially when it comes to military expenditures. China and all of it's people will be happy with this issue if it got passed through a good, well spelled out resolution. However! China will NOT vote for a weak resolution. It has way too much other more important businesses to tend to rather than have a resolution that wouldn't explain anything clearly or be soundly active.

Since China had already signed this treaty, it believes that neighbor India should too. China will NOT hesitate to strengthen it's defenses against India if India refuses to sign.

 

 

Committee : Human Rights

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Nouf Al-Fraih

Issue#1: Rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities

The Chinese government pursues a policy of equality and unity among all ethnic groups, and also respects the right of freedom of religious belief of the ethnic minorities. Chinese citizens’ right to the freedom of belief is protected by the Constitution and the laws. In the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, freedom of religious belief is a basic right enjoyed by all citizens. In China all religions have equal status and exist in peace. Religious disputes are unknown in China. Religious believers and non-believers respect each other, are united and have a harmonious relationship. Citizens of China may freely choose and express their religious beliefs. According to the Constitution: "All citizens, regardless of their religious beliefs, enjoy equal education opportunities in accordance with the law; the people of all ethnic groups should respect each other’s languages, customs and habits, and religious beliefs; all citizens shall not be discriminated against in terms of employment because of different religious beliefs; and no advertisements or trade marks shall include discriminatory contents against any ethnic group."

The Law of the People’s Republic of China states that, " Organs of self- government in ethnic regional autonomous area protect the right if freedom of religious belief of the citizens of all ethnic groups." China carried out special programs that surveyed and studied the culture heritages of all ethnic groups. With that, China maintained and reconstructed temples, mosques and other important religious sights in the ethnic minorities’ areas. The Chinese government is against the idea to split a country along ethnic lines. It also believes that no country should cause harm, engage in illegal activities or terrorist actions because of religion. And as the Chinese government said, "We will, as always, make ever-greater efforts to safeguard human rights and specifically to protect the freedom of religious belief."

 

Committee : Human Rights

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Nouf Al-Fraih

Issue #2: Elimination of International Terrorism.

China pursues an independent foreign policy of peace. China will not tolerate a country using the terror as means of achieving a goal. It holds that all countries are equal members of the international community whether they are big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor. All countries should settle their conflicts through a peaceful agreement instead of implementing force or the threat of force. China will not impose its social system upon others, nor will it allow other countries to force theirs upon it. China believes that all countries are entitled to choose the social system and lifestyles that suit their own conditions.

 

Committee : Human Rights

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Nouf Al-Fraih

Issue #3: The rights of people’s self-determination

China opposes the rights of people’s self-determination. The Chinese government is against the idea to split a country along ethnic lines. It also believes that no country should cause harm, engage in illegal activities or terrorist actions because of religion, or for any other reason. Giving ethnic groups or provinces and certain regions the right to choose their own government will create riots in the society. That would, without a doubt, lead to many other issues like cultural problems.

 

Committee : Human Rights

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Nouf Al-Fraih

Issue#4: The situations of Human Rights in Turkey

When it comes to the situation of human rights in Turkey, China is not pleased. Turkey has violated human rights in every way possible. In the few recent years, torture, beatings, and other abuses by security forces became wide spread, resulting in deaths. Also, killings in detention increased due to excessive force and torture. Besides that, children and women abuse continues to be a serious problem, and not mentioning restrictions on worker’s rights. Moreover, the Turkish Government imposes restrictions on religion minorities. In other words, the government doesn’t give their people the right of religion and belief. China understands and fully supports Islam, since it has a Muslim ethnic minority, but Islam does not support or encourage these human right violations. China hopes that Turkey would at least take "first step" to better situation of human rights and give the society it’s right in order to create social equanimity.







Committee : Environment

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Maryam Al-Hamad

Issue #1: Protection of the global climate for present and future generations of mankind.

China strongly believes that future generations should live in a safe and well-secured environment like the one mankind is living in these days. China, like all other countries refer to climate as the regular pattern of weather conditions (rainfall, temperature, winds) in a particular region. China discourages all nations who are not paying any attention at all about the weather in their countries and are polluting our environment and therefore, turning their nations into hazardous lands. China views pollution in today’s world as part of the most important problems especially since the amount of pollution in China itself is increasing rapidly. China, as a country already alarmed of the affects on the environment nowadays, has many organizations and societies that deal with the environmental problems around the world and solidly urges all nations to also view the protection of our environment and climate as a main issue in life. On top of all this, China still believes that most developed nations are the number one polluters of the environment. China trusts that most developing nations will regard the development of pollution as a high priority. Rich, developed countries should share their technology, their money, and thair techniques with developing countries.

 

Committee : Environment

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Maryam Al-Hamad

Issue #2: Control of the research, development and production of genetically modified foods

Genetically modified foods are foods that are from a living thing that has had its genetic arrangement altered (modified). China does not believe that these foods should be researched, developed, or produced in the world. In china, farmlands are evenly distributed around the people and most of the Chinese population depends on farming and agriculture as their source of living. China gets its food from crops that their nation planted. Many other countries can do the same thing so that there can be a decrease in the amount of genetically modified foods around the world. To ‘modify’ something means to change it, and ‘genetic’ is to do with genes. Genetically modified food is made from plants or animals that have been genetically modified, which from the words of it seems like a harmful thing to do. China strongly urges all countries to help in putting an end to this worldwide problem.

 

Committee : Environment

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Maryam Al-Hamad

Issue #3: Creating public awareness of water crisis

China, as a country with water crises fully supports the idea of informing other countries about the importance of water and the crisis occurring around the world because of water. As a nation with its own civilization, China believes that each country with a water crisis, or any kind of crisis, should deal with it on its own, without any interference of other nations. China agrees with the fact that water crises around the world are increasing, and China will suffer itself which will lead to the suffering of other developing countries. China encourages all other friendly nations to go with this issue and help in the awareness of this crisis so that most countries will not suffer in the future.

 

Committee : Environment

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Maryam Al-Hamad

Issue #4: Protection of endangered species of flora and faura, including implementation of the convention o Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity's objectives is the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. The Convention is thus the first global, comprehensive agreement to address all aspects of biological diversity: genetic resources, species, and ecosystems. It recognizes, for the first time, that the conservation of biological diversity is a common concern of humankind and an integral part of the development process.

China, is certainly a country that sustains the idea of the convention on Biological Diversity, and urges all nations to help in this development process. Many nations agreed and signed on the convention and should be willing to guide any other country during any Biological problem, for China is definitely a country that is willing to help. Countries, particularly developed countries, should be inclined to help other nations whether by paying for any materials, guiding other countries through their techneiques, or by developing technology in those other developing countries. China urges all nations to support and help other countries in this convention on Biological Diversity.







Committee : Economic and Social Council

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Abdullah Al-Asousi

Issue #1: Eradication of poverty and capacity building

China realizes that poverty is increasing and there should be a solution, especially in the economic area. Thus, China actively promotes the establishment of a just and rational new international economic order. After the end of the Cold War, the world political and economic situation has undergone great and profound changes. To establish an international new order which concurs with the development of the times and which accords with the needs of the common development of mankind is an aspiration shared by the international community and the people of the world. China advocates that such international new order should be based on the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-Existence, which are mutual respect to sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful co-existence. China also applauds any effort to assist financially countries who are trying to "open" their economy and improve it. However, China strongly disagrees with the idea of industrializing the economy and making it one system that would suet some countries, like the so called "free market" system for example.

 

Committee : Economic and Social Council

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Abdullah Al-Asousi

Issue #2: Sustainable development and international economic cooperation,

including the role of business and multinational corporations

Economic globalization has brought new opportunities to the development of various countries. But it has also brought great risks as well. However, the developed and developing countries are not the same so far as making use of these opportunities and the ability to prevent and resist the risks that are concerned. Globally, the gap between the North and the South is still widening, the poor countries are becoming more impoverished and the wealthy states are becoming richer. If such a situation were to continue, not only the economic development of the developing countries will be seriously curtailed, the economies of the developed countries will also faced with difficulties in achieving a steady growth. To reform and perfect the international financial system and establish a just and fair new international order is the consensus and unanimous demand of the international community.

Another thing is that China respects the diversity of the world. There are nearly 200 countries in the world with a population of more than 5 billion. There should not and cannot be only one mode of development, one concept of values and only one type of social system in the world due to differences in historical conditions, social systems, development levels, cultural traditions and concepts of values. China holds that the diversity of the world should not be an obstacle to the development of relations between various countries but should serve as an impetus to mutual exchanges, mutual complement and mutual enrichment. All countries are entitled to choose the social system, development strategies and lifestyle that suit their own conditions. Each country's affairs should be decided upon by its own people and global issues should be dealt with through consultations by all countries.

China would like to use this chance, since the issue talks about economic cooperation and multinational corporations, to urge all the member nations of the World Trade Organization to admit China, since it has complied with all the rules set by the WTO, and other countries who have done the same, to the WTO. Also, we would like to encourage trade agreements because they are not only beneficial to the country and its economy, but also because it strengthens the relations between countries.

 

Committee : Economic and Social Council

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Abdullah Al-Asousi

Issue #3: Return and restitution of cultural property to the countries of origin

China believes that this issue is VERY important, since many valuable cultural properties are often being stolen and thus, making great loses to countries. For China, many cultural properties were stolen, especially ancient tombs, which are about 40,000 that have been excavated illicitly. That’s why China, between 1989 and 1990, carried out researches the looting of archaeological sites in China. China signed and encouraged many UN bodies and NGOs that were considered and helped in the looting of cultural properties and especially the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the International Police (INTERPOL), and the International Council of Museums (ICOM), whose main objective was to promote safeguarding world heritage.

The Interpol’s Secretary General launched a "Call for Action" on this issue of cultural property. UNESCO adopted, in 1970, a Convention on the Means of Prohibiting the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. The goal was to reinforce international solidarity in the fight against the traffic of cultural property by setting up a system of co-operation between states. This means that any State Party whose heritage is endangered by looting of archaeological or ethnographic objects can call upon the States concerned. The State Parties are committed to participating in all concerted international operations for applying the necessary measures. 86 countries ratified the convention, then they were joined by the U.S.A. and France. However, in 1995 the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) made another convention that fixed some "unclear" parts of the UNESCO convention. The ICOM made the Code of Ethics in 1986 and many countries singed for it including China, of coarse, Bulgary, Egypt, France, Georgia, Germany, India, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Italy, Kuwait, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, U.K., and the U.S.A. which are all present in TIMUN.

China welcomed the efforts of these organizations and we urge all countries for more solutions for this problem since it isn’t yet solved or near being solved.

 

 

Committee : Economic and Social Council

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Abdullah Al-Asousi

Issue #4: Strengthening of international cooperation to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of natural disasters

China strongly cares about natural disasters, and it believes that the problem is not solved or even close to being solved. Let’s take our developing friend country Bangladesh. There are many floods that hit Bangladesh every year and effect not only the economy and country, but the poor people as well. Thus, from this aspect, China believes that there should be a solution for the devastating natural disasters, especially because, this time, Mother Nature is the guilty one. However, there should be certain principles and concepts that must be recognized. The most important one is that there should not be an intervention and infringement upon national sovereignty of countries. Thus, the relief and help should be handled if requested by the host nation affected. Also during times of natural disasters, nations should set aside their political differences and aid each other.

 

 

Committee : Economic and Social Council

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Abdullah Al-Asousi

Issue #5: Strengthening of international cooperation to study, mitigate, and minimize the consequences of natural disasters

China strongly cares about natural disasters, and it believes that the problem is not solved or even close to being solved. Let’s take our developing friend country Bangladesh. There are many floods that hit Bangladesh every year and effect not only the economy and country, but the poor people as well. Thus, from this aspect, China believes that there should be a solution for the devastating natural disasters, especially because, this time, Mother Nature is the guilty one. However, there should be certain principles and concepts that must be recognized. The most important one is that there should not be an intervention and infringement upon national sovereignty of countries. Thus, the relief and help should be handled if requested by the host nation affected. Also during times of natural disasters, nations should set aside their political differences and aid each other.







Committee : Security Council

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Nabil Al-Khaled

Issue #1: The security situation in the Middle East

 

Over the past fifty years, China has witnessed the turmoil in the Middle East, ranging from revolutions in Egypt, to the long-standing Arab-Israeli conflict. Historically, China has not taken a stance on these issues, but remained neutral. We believe that international co-operation is needed to mediate the Arab-Israeli conflict. Again, we stress that Sino-Arab relations are weak, but we believe that the international community should take necessary steps in assisting the Middle Eastern region to promote peace and stability.

 

 

Committee : Security Council

Delegation : The People’s Republic of China

Delegate : Nabil Al-Khaled

Issue #2: Reform of the Security Council

China is in favor of reforming the United Nations. The purpose of the reform is to strengthen the role of the UN and enhance its efficiency. Measures taken in this regard must reflect the common interests of all Member States and the results must be able to stand the test of time. UN reform is the shared cause of all Member States. It should allow full play to democracy, heed the voices of all sides and take into account the interests of various parties. The reform plan should be widely acceptable to Member States. Again, without complete agreement on such a reform, the Security Council Members will cease in working together in promoting security worldwide.







FORUM Special Conference on Information Technology

DELEGATION The People’s Republic of China

QUESTION OF Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security

Defining information technology as "the use of technologies from computing, electronics, and telecommunications to process and distribute information in digital and other forms,"

Defining the Internet as "a network that links computer networks all over the world by satellite and telephone, connecting users with service networks such as e-mail and the World Wide Web,"

Defining technology as "the study, development, and application of devices, machines, and techniques for manufacturing and productive processes,"

Bearing In Mind that information and technology might be the only solutions for the world we live in, in terms of agriculture, transportation, industrial work, etc,

Emphasizing the fact that a country’s national security is at risk when information technology (IT), is used inappropriately,

1. Fully Alarmed by the diverse approach in which technology is being used, in terms of hacking, viruses, and unlawful turnouts;

2. Confirms the initiative of information technologies as the key to a prosperous future;

3. Recommends the thought of allowing a nation’s governments to regulate its Internet usage and activity;

4. Encourages the idea of giving a nation’s government the choice of controlling its Internet Service Providers (ISP), according to the following stipulations:

a. The ISPs would grant full access of Consumer Internet usage and flow, including websites, transferred files, downloads, uploads, etc. to the government,

b. The government would have the right to censor and prohibit whatever it deems necessary, including anti-governmental material, that may produce political instability;

5. Further Encourages all nations to accept the idea of governmental control of the flow of information technology, since the government would be the most efficient body that deals with the management of information technology in the context of international security, pursuant to the fact that the government represents the people and serves the people;

6. Calls Upon nations to review their IT crimes in order to keep their legal code up to date with the emergent technology we encounter today;

7. Requests that all nations develop an international legal definition to the terms pertaining information technologies;

8. Further Calls Upon nations to take civil action against citizens caught developing or propagating illicit or unlawful material, to preserve a world of globalization through information technology (IT);

9. Emphasizes the matter, where the U.S. has been exercising a right not within its power "Reading Encryptions";

10. Further Emphasizes the fear of U.S. domination over information technology (IT);

11. Resolves the establishment of the Information Technology Concerns Organization (ITCO), which would implement peace and tranquility in the world of technological advance, through:

a. settling measures on IT international security,

b. Intense feedback on IT through education,

c. Holds international convention meetings that regulate electronic warfare;

12. Draws the Attention to the fact, that the first and only concern is implementing a peaceful and friendly IT environment;

13. Expresses Its Hope in limiting electronic warfare tribulations, thus reducing IT insecurity, and therefore making a noticeable difference in our complex world through information technology (IT).







FORUM Territorial Disputes

DELEGATION The People’s Republic of China

QUESTION OF Question of Cyprus

Approving that the situation along the cease-fire lines is essentially stable,

Affirming its grave concern at the continuing excessive levels of military forces and armaments in the Republic of Cyprus and the rate at which they are being expanded, upgraded and modernized, including by the introduction of advanced weapon systems by either side, which threatens to raise tensions both on the island and in the region and complicate efforts to negotiate an overall political settlement;

Noting with deep concern at the increasing practice by both sides of engaging in provocative behavior along the cease-fire lines, which heightens the risk of more serious incidents,

Contemplating to the parties that the UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) package of measures aimed at reducing tensions along the cease-fire lines was designed to reduce incidents and tensions, without affecting the security of either side,

Congratulates the ongoing efforts by UNFICYP to implement its humanitarian mandate in respect of Greek Cypriots and Maronites living in the northern part of the island and Turkish Cypriots living in the southern part;

Confirms its support for the efforts of the United Nations and all concerned to promote the holding of bi-communal events so as to build cooperation, trust and mutual respect between the two communities, and calls upon the Turkish-Cypriot leadership to resume such activities;

Reaffirms that the status quo is unacceptable and that negotiations on a final political solution to the Cyprus problem have been at an impasse for too long;

Desiring the need to make progress on a comprehensive political solution,

1. Calls upon all states to respect the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of the Republic of Cyprus, and requesting them, along with the parties concerned, to refrain from any action which might prejudice that sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, as well as from any attempt at partition of the island or its unification with any other country;

2. Decides to extend the mandate of UNFICYP for a further period beyond the 25th December 2000 until both the Greeks and Turks reach an agreement;

3. Reminds the Greeks and the Turks of their obligations to prevent any violence directed against UNFICYP personnel, to cooperate fully with UNFICYP and to ensure its complete freedom of movement;

4. Calls Upon the military authorities on both Greek and Turkish part of Cyprus to refrain from any violent or terrorist action, including acts of provocation in the vicinity of the buffer zone, which would exacerbate tensions;

5. Requests the UN to continue to work intensively with the two sides with a view to early agreement on further specific tension-reducing steps;

6. Calls Upon both sides to take measures that will build trust and cooperation and reduce tensions between the two sides;

7. Urges the Greek Cypriot side to agree to the implementation of the UNFICYP package of measures, and encourages UNFICYP to continue its efforts towards the rapid implementation of the package by both sides;

8. Calls Upon all concerned to commit themselves to a reduction in defense spending, an increase in the number of foreign troops in the Republic of Cyprus, and a staged process aimed at limiting the level of all troops and armaments in the Republic of Cyprus as a first step to help restore confidence between the sides, stresses the importance of demilitarization of the Republic of Cyprus later on when the problems are solved;

9. Calls upon both sides to refrain from the threat or use of force or violence as a means to resolve the Cyprus problem;

10. Calls Upon the two leaders of Greek and Turkish Cyprus to give their full support to such a comprehensive negotiation, and to commit themselves to the following principles:

a) no preconditions,

b) all issue of conflict to be discussed,

c) commitment in good faith to continue to negotiate until a settlement is reached;

11. Reaffirms its position that a Cyprus settlement must be based on a State of Cyprus with a single sovereignty and international personality and a single citizenship, with its independence and territorial integrity safeguarded, and comprising two politically equal communities as described in the relevant Security Council resolutions, in a bi-communal and bi-zonal federation, and that such a settlement must exclude union in whole or in part with any other country or any form of partition or secession;

12. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

 







FORUM Disarmament

DELEGATION The People’s Republic of China

QUESTION OF A comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Transparency in armaments and military expenditures and the reduction of military budgets

 

Deeply concerned about the expenditures most countries undergo for several military purposes,

Calls attention to the continued efforts of nations such as Israel, Pakistan, India, North Korea, and Iran to obtain nuclear, biological, and toxic weapons;

Alarmed by the rising number of regional arms races, including those between Pakistan and India, Iran and Iraq, and Israel and its neighbors;

Deeply disturbed that in many regional arms races, each side continues to build up its military capabilities due to its fear that its opponents may have concealed weapons;

Noting the fact that most nuclear and biological weapons programs, such as that of Iraq, Iran, and Israel begin in conditions secrecy;

Deeply conscious that these regional arms races may lead to massive war between nations internally and externally,

Believes that greater transparency in arms data will lead to decreased suspicions of rival nations and fewer purchases of weapons and weapons systems;

1. Congratulating the United States and Russia for their sucessful conclusion of Salt I and Salt II treaties that call for the free inspection and reduction of nuclear arms;

2. Calls upon all nations to join the OPCW (Organzation on the Prevention of Chemical Weapons) and to

3. Draws the attention to the problem of military transparency in the exchange of armament information,

4. Has resolved for the creation of the Future Peace Program (FPP):

A. Membership of this FPP is according to the following rules and procedures:

1. Independent states can participate and become members or supporters of this program by completing membership internaitonal forms prepared for this goal.

2. Each country has to acknowlege the UN secretary General of its approval of FPP activities and illingness to submit a profile of it's military capacity.

3. FPP members shall work to achieve the goals of the program by doing the following:

a. Entering it's national and international codes to access files that will hold military information, thereby revealing the exact number of troops and arms in each member state.

b. Having access it's own files and updating them number by number, letter by letter, for the sake of inter-security.

c. Sign a paper of intent that will state in it's lines: "This nation has agrees to full military disclosure and not to begin any secret weapons programs."

d. Agree to follow the rules that will consist of peacemaking ideas and restrictions of false coding and false information entry.

4. Will preserve security to all the nations by working out ways of contact between nations and exchanging military information. Every nation will have it's own space and choices to either sign on the supporting list or the member list:

a. The supporting list will have the names of the nations that are supporting this program. The supporters will have NO access whatsoever to the data that will be entered and stored in the FPP.

b. The member list will have the names of the members. Members will be allowed to view the information that will be stored in the FPP.

5. Notes that the FPP will be consisted of:

1. Researchers that will be specially prepared for this program from college years

a. Later after college preparations, they will apply for the training programs that will be placed in a college that will be build in Dublin, Ireland, which will offer those training programs and will be controlled by the FPP itself.

b. Special counselors that will receive information and orders from the FPP itself will guide the students undergoing the process of the FPP training

c. The students applying for the FPP training will end up having at least:

1. 4 English Credits,

2. 2 Foreign Language Credits,

3. 4 Computer Studies Credits,

4. And a GPA of at least 3.0 to qualify,

2. Computer engineers that will store data on central processing units that will be located in the building of the central of the FPP, which will be located in Peking, China;

3. There will be backup units at other buildings of the FPP in Washington DC in USA, London in England, Moscow in Russian Federation, Paris in France, Geneva in Switzerland, and Hague in the Netherlands;

6. Congratulates cooperation on this issue and help of expansion and encourages all countries to help fulfill the goals of the FPP in transparency in armaments, military expenditures, and reduction of military budgets;

7. Trusts that all nations that are here today in the name of peace and the banner of the United Nations, will encourage the formation of the FPP;

8. Expresses its hope that all countries see light in this resolution.

 







FORUM Human Rights

DELEGATION The People’s Republic of China

QUESTION OF The right of people’s self-determination

Defines self-determination as the will of a group of people to choose their own government and declare itself an independent country,

Reaffirming that the Charter of the United Nations confirms the people’s right to self-government, but not the right of secession from that government,

Keeping in mind that self-determination worked throughout history to produce national partitions, and like Carnot reported to the National Assembly in the setting of the French Revolution, "If any community whatever has the right to proclaim its will and separate from the main body under the influence of rebels, etc., then every country, every town, every village, every farmstead might declare itself independent,"

Emphasizing the fact that most recent wars are caused by claims to self-determination, especially those transpiring in Eastern Europe and Asia,

Deeply Disturbed by the fact that the United Nations has, on many occasions, virtually supported self-determination in the past, by not taking effective steps in preventing such claims, which has resulted in many cases of genocide and civil wars,

1. Draws the Attention to the increase of wars due to the fact that many regions and/or ethnic groups are calling for independence from their respective mother countries;

2. Emphasizing that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was drafted, signed, and ratified by all Member states and does not include the right of people’s will to self-determination;

3. Further Proclaims that Article V of the Charter of the United Nations recognized only the rights of the individual’s self-determination, and not the people’s right of self-determination;

4. Notes that "internal affairs" are those affairs that occur within the international borders recognized in the United Nations;

5. Affirms the fact that self-determination only worsens a nation’s economic, political, and social stability and equilibrium, which is evident in the breakup of the Former Soviet Union in 1989;

6. Regrets the fact that the United Nations has been supporting self-determination in the past without noticing its harms, and encouraging regions, provinces, and ethnic minorities to emerge as an independent nations;

7. Calls Upon all Members states to properly manage their "internal affairs," as defined in Clause 3, in order to prevent any claims to self-determination by:

a) exercising their right of freedom of logistics of the government’s respective armed forces and personnel, in order to ensure security nationwide,

b) establishing strong and strict central government control and to declare their authority, jurisdiction, and power over provincial governments and municipalities,

8. Draws the Attention to the fact that if a region declares its independence, the following conflicts are liable to arise:

a) There is no insurance as to the people’s claims to self-determination will remain to do so,

b) There is no set crteria and stipulations as how the people in question are represented,

c) There is no set standard of the degree of political experience is needed to qualify people to make a responsible choice and to maintain the independence of which the people in question may choose;

9. Further Recommends to build a web site on the subject of self-determination that will be linked to the United Nations web site, which will:

a) educate people about the harms of self-determination and how it often leads to self-destruction,

b) show how self-determination has often proved to be a failure throughout history,

c) consist of an extensive report about the harms of self-determination,

- economically,

- politically,

- socially,

d) provide information regarding the current situation in the world, and what countries have potential claims to self-determination, hoping that would encourage countries to give the ethnic minorities their full rights, if not already given, in order to reduce the chances of conflict within the nation;

10. Strongly Urges all Member states would add a humanitarian section in their educational program to educate their people, and that would consist of many chapters, most importantly:

a) The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which would contribute to lessening the chances of internal wars, since the people in questio would know the freedoms and limits set by the United Nations,

b) The Charter of the United Nations,

c) Self-determination, which would consist of:

- the rights of ethnic minorities,

- it’s adversely negative effects,

- situations where such claims lead to self-destruction, and where countries suffered economically, socially, an politically because of self-determination,

- the fact that such claims are outlawed by the United Nations, of which all independent states are members;

11. Urges all economically capable countries and the United Nations to aid the countries suffering from civil wars due to claims of self-determination, which will help maintain their stability, by repairing the consequences of the war;

12. Reaffirming that a country has an indisputable duty to defend its own existence, and the nation, province, or region declaring its self-dependence cannot come likewise to be able with a right to overthrow the state.








FORUM Environment

DELEGATION The People’s Republic of China

QUESTION OF Control of the research, development and production of genetically modified foods

Defining Genetically Modified Foods (GMFs), as a living thing that has had its genetic arrangement altered (modified) or as living things that grows and dies because of being modified.

Noting With Regret that this statement was made by some farmers in developing countries saying, "there’s no more to lose than gain from GMF crops."

Deeply Concerned about powerful companies in developed countries having too much control over seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides and that would lead to protests by farmers,

Keeping in Mind that all European states’ products containing genetically modified soya and maize ingredients and other genetically modified foods are subject to labeling,

1. Emphasizes that consumers have no way of knowing which foods contain these ingredients because corporations are not yet required to label their products as including genetically engineered ingredients;

2. Condemns that GMF’s could pose a threat to human health and the environment, since they are being rushed through without adequate time to test the technology and ensure that it is safe;

3. Congratulates the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO), for covering the following research aspects concerning GMFs:

a) what they are,

b) what happens when a living thing has had its genetic arrangement altered,

c) when food is assembled from plants or animals that have been genetically altered,

d) whether their consumption is safe or not,

e) for how long it will be safe,

f) slow sales of GMFs when required;

4. Supports all countries that are investigating and researching GMFs to let other developing and developed countries realize its harms towards people and the environment;

5. Affirms that:

a) many countries would not benefit from GMFs because they will stop farmers from working hard which will lead to the decrease of the countries commission,

b) countries would not benefit from this convention or agreement because:

- there would be no need for farmers to grow crops and work hard in developing countries where the environment is healthy,

- developing countries will have no money because all the foods will be imported and manufactured by developed countries where there is high technology and where money is available;

6. Notes that genetically modified foods would decrease farm production in developing countries and would threaten their economies;

7. Urges all countries to help put an end to this world-wide problem for many countries depend on farming and agriculture as their source of living since they get their food from crops that their nation planted;

8. Encourages other countries in making an association in order to arrange the way Genetically modified foods pass into a country, only if they are first approved by the countries, because many nations agree, along with China, that GMFs should be illegal;

9. Has Resolved the creation of the GMFSP-FDA (GMF Safety program that is a sub-committee of the FDA, Food & Drug Admin.) that will:

a) certify that GMFs are safe products if they are well developed,

b) have the right to ban all GMF products that will harm mankind in anyway or will intervene with regulations of other nations,

c) recommend Financial Compensation to countries that may lose income for any edibles approved by such organizations.








FORUM The Economic and Social Council

DELEGATION The People’s Republic of China

QUESTION OF Participation of volunteers, "White Helmets", in activities of the United Nations in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation and technical cooperation for development

Recalling General Assembly resolution 49/139 B of 20 December 1994, 50/19 of 28 November 1995, and ECOSOC resolution 1995/44,

Reaffirming the guiding principles on humanitarian assistance contained in General Assembly resolution 46/182 of 19 December 1991,

Recognizing the importance of voluntary national and regional actions aimed at providing the United Nations system on a stand-by basis with specialized human and technical resources for the purposes mentioned above,

Reminding that the "White Helmets" program was found by Argentine President Carlos Menem in 1993 and approved by the U.N. General Assembly in 1994. It now has 12 overseas programs and employs, and also 100 development issues experts,

Reminding also that the "White Helmets" helped and is helping in many situations such as:

a) in Angola, a UNV/WHI project is under way, in collaboration with DHA's Humanitarian Aid Coordination Unit (UCAH) to help support those working to demobilize war-disabled and under-age soldiers within the quartering areas,

b) a full scale urban self-sustainable food production project consisting of international and national UNV/WHI volunteers was implemented in Armenia, in time for the 1996 growing season, in collaboration with UNDP, WFP and international NGOs, within the context of the country's reconstruction programs,

c) in collaboration with WFP and local authorities, teams of national and international UNV/WHI volunteers developed a "Commodity Tracking System" to improve efficiency and effectiveness of food aid distribution in Haiti,

d) logistical support in connection with Argentina's contribution of food, medicines and other humanitarian relief items was provided to Lebanon, in response to an urgent appeal in 1996,

e) a multi-sectoral project supporting nutrition, public health, water and sanitation and vaccination programs is currently under way in Paraguay, involving teams of UNV/WHI, local communities, NGOs, municipal governments and other volunteers, and

f) promotion of sport as a vehicle for social development and reintegration of youth in society is under way in the Palestinian Autonomous Territories, in collaboration with UNDP and community-based organizations,

1. Expresses Its Satisfaction with the growing number of Governments involved in the "White Helmets" initiative;

2. Takes Into Consideration that the Secretary General said that the "White Helmets" initiative represents an innovative opportunity for the effective, efficient and economical provision of assistance to the intended beneficiaries of the operations of the United Nations system in the field of humanitarian relief, rehabilitation and technical cooperation for development, and that it presents a new opportunity for creative and resourceful program design, formulation and implementation in such areas;

3. Invites governments to consider ways of ensuring the integration of the "White Helmets" initiative into their program activities, particularly those relating to humanitarian and disaster relief assistance;

4. Encourages also the Department of Humanitarian Affairs, as part of its function of coordination of humanitarian assistance, and the relevant bodies of the United Nations, in accordance with their respective mandates, to make use of the "White Helmets" and other United Nations volunteers in the area of humanitarian emergency assistance, as well as to support a smooth transition from relief to rehabilitation, reconstruction and development;

5. Further Encourages the "White Helmets" to make appeals for the United Nations in case of any unprecedented and devastating natural disasters;

6. Recommends the "White Helmets" to help in:

a) disaster management,

b) water and sanitation engineering,

c) transport shipping,

d) logistics and operations,

e) food distribution, nutrition,

f) food aid monitoring,

g) public health and primary health care,

h) human rights promotion,

i) refugee counseling,

j) community facilitation,

k) disaster prevention, preparedness, and

l) social work,

7. Requests the "White Helmets" to continue taking into account the guiding principles on humanitarian assistance contained in General Assembly resolution 46/182 of 19 December 1991, thus not going into any country unless the host country itself asks for it, and that will be beneficial in many areas, especially if a country can deal with the humanitarian affair by itself, for example it will save:

a) money, because the "White Helmets" don’t need to spend money on situations that some governments can handle, and

b) time and life, because it will make the "White Helmets" face less risks than if they have to go into every humanitarian affair;

7. Reminds that the presence of the "White Helmets" being a voluntary program will make the help very fast and ready for any emergency.

 






FORUM Security Council

SUBMITTED BY The People’s Republic of China

QUESTION OF The Security Situation in the Middle East

Recalling Security Council Resolutions 331, 332, 340, 425, 426, 501, 508, 509, and 520,

Further Recalls the Lebanese-Israeli Armistice Agreement of 1949,

Expressing Its Appreciation towards the removal of Israeli forces from Southern Lebanon, as defined in its Resolution 242,

Expressing its continuing concern with the grave situation in the Middle East,

Emphasizing the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in which every State in the area can live in security,

Having Learned With Deep Concern that Israel, the occupying power, in contravention of its obligations under the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, deported to Lebanon on 17 December 1992, hundreds of Palestinian civilians, including those residing in Jerusalem,

Emphasizing further that all Member states in their acceptance of the Charter of the United Nations have undertaken a commitment to act in accordance with Article II of the Charter, which states that "membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations."

Reaffirming that Israel has still not fully complied with Resolution 242 in that the Israeli forces have not been removed from the territories occupied after 1967,

Noting With Deep Regret the recent escalation of violence in the region, and the "official mediator" has yet to come up with any peace accord,

1. Applauds the work of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFL);

2. Reminds Member State that the United States has not functioned as an adequate mediator between the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) and Israel, as the two sides are still at war;

3. Urges all Member States to act as impartial mediators, and to always demonstrate a neutral policy towards the Arab-Israeli conflict;

4. Reaffirms that it is the role of the all Members of the Security Council to participate in the mediation between the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) and Israel;

5. Recognizes that international mediation is vital for the achievement of peaceful coexistence between the Arabs and Israelis;

6. Declares the establishment of the United Nations International Arab-Israeli Mediation Organization (UNIAIMO), which will be mandated under the following stipulations:

a) it will be composed of fifteen (15) members, five (5) of which are permanent, and ten (10) alternate members,

b) the alternate members will alternate every three (3) months,

c) the organization will establish its headquarters in Beijing, China,

d) the organization will hold bi-lateral negotiation meetings between the PNA and Israel, which will be mediated by the fifteen-member Council;

7. Resolves that the UNIAIMO will grant financial aid and/or debts to both the PNA and Israel, where all financial donations will be of equal amounts to both parties,

8. Requests that all financial aid be decided at the discretion of the Council of the UNIAIMO

9. Further Resolves that the UNIAIMO does not have the authority, nor the capabilities, to intervene in the discussed region;

10. Proposes to the UNIAIMO to discuss the proposal of establishing the city of Jerusalem as an independent city-state, where neither the PNA nor Israel would have jurisdiction over the city.

 

CHINA'S OPENING SPEECH




Honorable delegates, Mr. President, Good Afternoon

For many centuries, China has been the birthplace of some of the greatest men the world has witnessed. The principles of Confucianism still rule the lives of millions of believers. Confucianism continues to inspire ideas and thoughts to its followers across the continent of Asia. To quote the words of Dung Shao Bing, “To be rich is glorious.”

China recognizes the diversity of cultural and social systems in our world. In this holy month of Ramadan, we are nourished by the sense of sharing. China, also, with its rich cultural heritage, would like to SHARE this cultural wealth by joining the World Trade Organization.

We believe that the goals for the WTO are upheld by China’s admission. China is currently the world’s third largest economy, and ALL nations would benefit from the richness that we would bestow upon others.

 

CHINA'S TIMUN PERFORMANCE PARAGRAPHS

 

Ecosoc: Abdullah al Asousi

First, I’d like to say that in this event, I made my best performance in MUN. I made it clear to everyone that China is still strong and present. I made more than 9 speeches, some attacking, and some defending. I also did one in the first day in the General assembly defending China on entering the WTO .

Although almost all of my speeches were effective, I remember some that were really good. For example, there was a resolution that was submitted by Kuwait on the "White Helmets" and it made the "White Helmets" in countries, so I trashed it by every possible way. I said the Kuwait can’t yield to Iraq and that Kuwait doesn’t even play a soccer match against Iraq. I also talked about how the resolution went out of topic because it talked about all voluntary groups. I stated also many clauses that made infringements upon national sovereignty of countries, and I worked with the United States, because it had another resolution on the same topic, to destroy Kuwait’s resolution. I also asked a point of information and said that isn’t it a shame for ECOSOC to pass resolutions like this. Eventually, it didn’t pass.

There was also another resolution about natural disasters. That issue didn’t concern China much. However, there was a clause that made the United Nations Development Programme go into countries to make sure that any aid is being spent on natural disasters. I made an amendment to cross out this clause and I threatened that if this clause wasn’t crossed out, China WILL BE AGAINST the resolution. The amendment passed with none or one or two votes against (I can’t remember). On another resolution submitted by Iraq on the eradication of poverty I made one of my strongest speeches although I only talked about three clauses. One was on how good it’s to make multi-national corporations and that China encouraged them. The other clause demanded that all debts would be canceled, and the last clause urged all sanctions to be lift off. I really was aggressive when I spoke on the last two clauses and I challenged the U.S. if it "claims" to be a peace leader to cancel the debts and to lift the sanctions imposed on many countries, and I specifically mentioned Iraq and that the war ended before ten years and the sanctions are still not lifted. When I returned to my seat there were all notes thanking me on my speech… And this resolution passed and was even going to pass to the General Assembly.

I made another speech on cultural property, and I think that it was my most aggressive speech. I really shouted and attacked the resolution that was co-submitted by many developed countries such as the U.S. and France. I shouted about that the resolution didn’t do anything and that all the countries that co-submitted the resolution were trying to go around the topic and not solve the problem. In general, I made lots of speeches on how China was and still is helping developing countries and that it will continue helping in every possible way. I also send and received many notes from developing countries, especially from Iraq and Iran. Also in my speeches I acted as a confident delegate and I was always open for all points of information

 

Environment: Maryem Al Hamad

China was a leading country in the environment committee. I played a great role in showing other countries how the environment is important to China and discussed each issue efficiently. Unfortunately, China couldn’t speak a lot in the General Assembly due to the confusion we had because of many delegates missing. I also substituted for the fellow delegates of my country due to the sicknesses they had and so they couldn’t make it that day. China merged with delegates from Kuwait, Iran, India, Italy, Ukraine, and Turkey. All of us merged to produce a well-written resolution. However, unfortunately, the resolution wasn’t passed to the GA and we lost with 2 votes. China was a good leading country in TIMUN.

 

Disarmament: Hessa Al Malallah

The Chinese Disarmament Commission had presented the MUN with a very well spelled out resolution. The resolution was later on lobbied and merged by a fellow delegate, Nasser Ak- Shaye. I, as the disarmament commission's representative from the chinese delegation, couldn't make it to Turkey because of certain health difficulties. However, I hope next time will be of better luck for me.

DISARMAMENT COMMISSION
Nasser Al-Shaya

China played an affective role in TIMUN. China was one of the most effective countries present. To begin with, we began strong in our opening speech and rights of reply. Next day during lobbying and merging China was extremely successful at the beginning but unfortunately some delegates acted out of character afterwards. I was a leader for my issue and made everyone listen to my points and speeches that I made continuously. When gathering the submitters that were on the same issue as mine I was effective in a way that made them follow me blindly until one started rebelling against me with no reason and started a Turkish debate that I furiously stopped since that particular delegate did not want the plan I took in my resolution about the Future Peace Program simply because he was confident that my idea was the best amongst all. China was the main submitter to three or more resolutions, which set a good impression. In disarmament commission, China played an active role as well. China talked for and against resolutions making its opinions loud and clear for the world to know China's good intentions and how it strives to make the world a better place.

In the GA, China was active as well. China was the main submitter of one resolution and co. submitted others. However, I, the delegate of China from the disarmament commission wasn't able to attend due to some health problems. However, my fellow partners filled in for me, and again, China was one of the most active countries in TIMUN.


Human Rights and Vice-Ambassadoress: Nouf al Fraih

China played an active role in TIMUN. To begin with, China was VERY active in giving rights of replies. Then, in lobbying and merging, I was lucky. I got five signatures from really strong countries, like Iran and the United Kingdom, which means that I got to be the main submitter. Moreover, no one changed a thing in the resolution. However, that wasn’t easy…I had to fight to get those signatures and I fought hard. I served as the ambassador of China in the Human Rights committee, and was pretty active there too. China made its opinions clear to everyone present. I attacked most of the countries present, some of the strongest countries, like the United Stated, Iran, and Iraq. Even though, China wasn’t attacked back…however, China was ready to defend itself on anything! In the General Assembly I was pretty active too. I talked for and against a few resolutions, and was really active in asking points of information. China also asked to extend debating times…. However, they were all rejected. All in all, China played a VERY important role in TIMUN, and made it’s point clear to everyone present!

 

Information Technology- Rakan

This last MUN event at TIMUN, I would have to say was the hottest of all events. Although I wasn’t as stubborn or as nervous as I was in CACMUN or KFSAC, at the end of this event the whole concept of MUN made sense to me. China played a really important role in the Information Technology committee. In lobbying and merging I was quite successful if it wasn’t for the prejudice Turk com-submitters. I was about to get the position as submitter of the resolution, but what can I do, I ended up with second co-submitter. Also, a crisis situation was proposed. China was blamed for destroying the middle-east satellites, and I successfully made the point clear that it was impossible. Fortunately, most countries present gave in, and believed the fact that it was another country responsible for all this. In the GA, I was so active and had to substitute for them. I asked many points of information.



Ambassador and Security Council: Nabil al Khaled

I served as the Ambassador of China at the Turkish International Model United Nations, which our school attended in December 2000. My delegation did a good job in the preparatory work for the conference, and excelled at the conference itself. Three of them managed to submit their resolutions to be debated, and two passed.

I, myself, was the Security Council representative of China. During lobbying and merging, I worked with four delegates in submitting a resolution on the security situation in the Middle East, of which I was a main submitter. When the debate started, my resolution was debated first. I had to speak, explain, and defend every clause. I didn’t gain much support from my co-submitters, so I was generally on my own. The debate was going smoothly, with some clauses passing, and others not. When we got to the main clause of the resolution, I began to notice a trend in the debate: The United Kingdom was speaking and voting against all of the clauses! When we did get to the main clause, my idea was proven... the UK was totally against it! During a 10-minute break, I frantically wrote an amendment, changing what the the UK criticized. I handed it in just in time, and the amendment was passed, which passed the clause. At the very end, the resolution passed with a vote of 9 in favor, 2 against, and 4 abstentions.

During the debate of the other resolutions, I was neutral on Armenia’s resolution on the reform of the Security Council, seeing that it added Germany and Japan as non-veto permanent members. However, I was in strong support of it after Lebanon passed an amendment which resolved that the General Assembly will decide which new members will be added. As for the UK’s resolution on the Middle East, I was critical of it since it called for peacekeeping forces without the approval of Israel and the PNA.

In conclusion, China had a great week at the conference. We all ensured that everybody acknowledged our presence. China was well-represented throughout the commissions. We made an excellent first impression in Turkey.