Organization: The UNDP
Student: Hessa Al Malallah
Event: TIMUN 2000, Enhancement Assignment
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The United Nations Development Program
People on our planet are facing different social, economical, and political challenges in which they have given a rise to build a better lifestyle globally. These challenges have led the people to live without appropriate amount of food, clean water, respective shelter, safety, insurance, and proper education, healthcare, and means of sustainable livelihood. Therefore, the United Nations tries to solve, coordinate, lead, and provide funding for development through the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), which plays a basic role in shaping an effective and unified UN response to today's development challenges.
The new framework which took effect in July, 1995, enables the UNDP to:
Help the UN become a powerful and effective force for sustainable human development.
Strengthen international cooperation for sustainable human development and serve as a major substantial resource on how to achieve its goals.
Concentrate its own resources on a series of objectives central: "Sustainable Human Development" (SHD) focusing on:
poverty elimination, creation of job availability, sustainable livelihoods, advancement of women, and protection and regeneration of the environment.
The UNDP has support governments to make their plans and strategies to prevent poverty and enhance and lead development. Also, the UNDP has taken the lead in peace building and conflict prevention through support for national and regional satisfaction, reintegration of refugees and displaced people, and reconstruction of war-torn communities. For example, some UNDP activities in Africa, the UNDP is working with Comoros, Gambia, Guinea, Malawi, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe to reduce poverty by giving aid and voice to the poor in decisions and programs that affect their lives, also the impact of HIV and AIDS on the people and countries has been particularly harsh in Africa. The UNDP is supporting national and regional networks to create an environment that will faster open debate on the disease and encourage behavior changes without fear of recrimination. The UNDP is also backing a network that supports people living with AIDS, it is coping with HIV AIDS in Uganda, and it's helping the Benin's social development program, with the UNDP assistance, Benin launched a social development program to improve living condition, the education, healthcare, road, provide clean water and sanitation. For example, some UNDP activities in Asia and the Pacific; In Bangladesh, the UNDP has upgraded Bangladesh's garment industry by helping establish manufacturing and operational standards and training in different aspects of the industry. In Cambodia, the Cambodian Resettlement and Reintegration Program (CARERE), a joint undertaking of the UNDP and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees was initially designed to assist in repatriation of the refugees and displaced persons from Thailand in Cambodia.
In Mangolia, the UNDP has helped the Mongolian government develop and implement an integrated program for pro-diversity conservation. For example, some of the UNDP activities in Latin America and the Caribbean, such as it is empowering indigenous people in Chile, the Monte Verde forests of Chile have been home to the Huilliche indigenous people for generations. Most of them live and survive through subsistence agriculture, cattle rearing, fruits, and medicinal plants. In the 1900s, the government began exploiting the forest for timber, depriving the indigenous peoples of their habitat, water sources, and means of life and standards. The UNDP's assistance to the Huilliche communities were organized and trained in reforestation techniques and on how to preserve forests which have not served these people to improve their lives but also to boost their self-esteem as a community in charge of their natural resources.
UNDP's assistance to mothers and children in Honduras improved their living conditions, as coupons were given to improve nutrition, education, and healthcare to serve as a temporary source of income for the affected woman. For example, some UNDP activities in Arab States, such as the participatory development in Sudan to improve living conditions and protect the environment. Also, by the UNDP's assistance, Morocco is developing a strategy for the reduction of greenhouse gases and has embarked on a national study on bio-diversity. The UNDP's assistance is assisting Egypt into developing plans and strategies, which take into account the well being of the Egypt's people.
Also as an example, some UNDP activities in Europe, such as activities in Turkey, the program is aiming to integrate Turkey's women in development, with the UNDP's support, the government of Turkey launched a program to enhance women's participation in development and to integrate women's concerns in national and sectional plans.