Country: Argentina

Event: Pearl-MUN 2002

Student: Zaineb Abdul-Hassan

 

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The Argentine National Anthem


Argentina

 

Country profile

 

Political structure:

Argentina's Country name in conventional long form.

The government type in Argentina is republic and its Capital is Buenos Aires. The Administrative divisions of Argentina are : 23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincial, and 1 autonomous city* (distrito federal); Buenos Aires; Buenos Aires Capital Federal*; Catamarca; Chaco; Chubut; Cordoba; Corrientes; Entre Rios; Formosa; Bujuy; La Pampa; La Rioja; Mendoza; Missiones; Neuquen; Rio Negro; Salta; San Juan; San Luis; Santa Cruz; Santa Fe; Santiago del Estero; Tierra del Fuego, Antartica e Islas del Atlantico Sur; Tucuman.

The Independence from Spain occurred 9th of July 1816 and the national holiday: Revolution Day, 25 May (1810) and the Constitution: 1 May 1853 which was revised in August 1994 and the executive branch of Argentina is: chief of state is President Fernando DE LA RUA (since 10 December 1999) and Vice President Carlos resigned 6 October 2000 and a replacement has not yet been named; note the president is both the chief of state and head of government

 

Natural resources:

The natural resources of Argentina are fertile plains of the Pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum and uranium. Argentina's Land use to arable land is 9% to permanent crops 1% to permanent pastures 52% to forests and woodland 19% and to others 19% (1993 EST.)

The traditional wealth of Argentina lies in the vast Pampas, which are used for extensive grazing and grain production; but Argentine mineral resources, especially offshore deposits of petroleum and natural gas, have assumed increasing importance in recent decades.

The natural hazard areas in Argentina are: San Miguel de Turcoman and Mendoza·areas in the Andes subject earthquakes; and the pampers are violent windstorms that can strike the northeast. Note: Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets

 

Cultural facts:

The ethnic groups which are found in Argentina are 85% Europeans, Mestizo and Amerindian; the language that is spoken by the overwhelming majority of Argentines is Spanish; Italian is also spoken there with some other Native American languages.

Roman Catholics make up more than 92 percent of the population.

Judaism, Protestantism, and a number of other Christian and non-Christian religions are practiced, but several faiths and sects are banned as injurious to public order- by law, the president and vice president of Argentina must be Roman Catholic.

The tango was said to have been originated in Argentina because of the immigrants from Europe, Africa, and parts unknown streamed into the outskirts of Buenos Aires during the 1880's, many gravitated toward the port city's houses of ill repute. In these establishments, the portenos (as they were called) could drown their troubles in a few drinks and find some companionship. The Intermingled cultural brew emerged a new music which became the tango.

 

Defense:

The Argentine military establishment is one of the most modern and best equipped in Latin America and has historically played a prominent part in national affairs. The army is a national militia, with service compulsory for all able-bodied male citizens between the ages of 20 and 45. Up to 14 months of full-time duty are required. The army has strength of about 40,400 men. The navy consists of an aircraft carrier, six missile-equipped destroyers, and a number of lighter ships and submarines; it has strength of about 21,500 men. The air force, with 8900 men, has about 200 combat aircraft, including jet fighters and bombers.

Argentina builds some of its own weapons but mainly imports heavy weapons from industrial countries such as the United States of America, Russia, France, and Italy.. Military service is not mandatory for citizens unless there are circumstances that require drafting (even then the drafting age is 21).

 

Geography:

The Location of Argentina is in South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay. Argentine's area in total is 2,766,890 sq. km its land is 2,736,690 sq. km and its water is 30,200 sq. km. It boundaries in total is 9,665 km, and the countries which it border are Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,224 km, Chile 5,150 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 579 km.

Argentina inhabits almost the entire southern half of South America, it is the world's eighth largest country, covering an area of 2.8 million square km. Argentina possesses some of the world's tallest mountains, expanding deserts, and lovely waterfalls, with the diversity of the land ranging from wild, remote areas in southern Patagonia to the bustling metropolis of Buenos Aires in the north.

 

Views of world problems:

Argentina is a very quiet county it has not had any fight or problems since 1982 it is now for helping poor undeveloped country with the need of aid by sending it supplies, and countries who are against illicit drugs since Argentina use as a transshipment country for cocaine headed for Europe and the US; increasing use as a money-laundering center; domestic consumption of drugs in urban centers is increasing.

 

Economy:

The Argentine economy is based primarily on the production of agricultural products and the raising of livestock, but manufacturing and mining industries have shown marked growth in recent decades. Argentina is one of the world's leading cattle- and grain-producing regions; the country's main manufacturing enterprises are meat-packing and hour-milling plants. Argentina's estimated national budget in 1987 called for revenue of about $7.1 billion and expenditure of $9.5 billion.

In normal years, Argentina raises enough agricultural products not only to fill domestic needs but also to export surpluses to foreign markets. The Pampas is the most important agricultural zone of the country, producing wheat and cereal grains. Irrigated areas, from the Rio Negro north through Mendoza, San Juan, Tucuman, and Rujuy, are rich sources of fruit, sugarcane, and wine grapes.

Livestock raising and slaughtering are major enterprises in Argentina, as are the refrigeration and processing of meat and animal products; total annual meat production exceeds 3.0 million metric tons.

Although the country has a variety of mineral deposits, including petroleum, coal, and a number of metals, mining has been relatively unimportant in the economy. In recent decades, however, production of petroleum and coal, in particular, has increased significantly. In terms of value, the chief mineral product is petroleum.

Argentina's GDP recently is - 9476~ billion (2000 est.), Argentines GDP - real growth rate is-0.8% (2000 est.) and its GDP -composition by sectors: *agriculture: 6%, *industry: 32%, and *services: 62% (2000 est.)

 

History:

In June 1806, Buenos Aires was attacked by a British fleet under the command of Admiral Home Riggs Popham. The viceroy offered no defense against the attack, which was made without authorization by the British government. The invaders occupied the city but were expelled by a citizen army the following August. An expeditionary force subsequently dispatched by the British government against Buenos Aires was compelled to capitulate in 1807.

These events had far-reaching consequences: the colonial patriots, imbued with confidence in their fighting ability, soon became active in the independence movement that had begun to develop in Spanish South America. Revolutionary sentiment in La Plata reached its peak in the period following the deposing of King Ferdinand VII of Spain by Napoleon in 1808. The people of Buenos Aires refused to recognize Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon's brother, who was then installed on the Spanish throne. On May 25, 1810, they overthrew the vice regal government and installed a provisional governing council in the name of Ferdinand VII. The provisional government shortly broke with the representatives of Ferdinand and launched an energetic campaign to revolutionize the La Plata hinterland. This campaign ended in failure.

Several signal victories, however, were won over invading royalist armies in 1812 and 1813. The liberated part of the viceroyalty was divided into 14 provinces in 1813. In 1814 the brilliant military leader lose de San Martin took command of the northern army, which later struck decisive blows against Spanish rule in Chile and Peru.

 

 

 

Policy statement

 

Issue #1 Measures to ensure the rights of Minorities within Argentina:

The minorities of a county are the smaller in number of two groups forming a whole they have less than a controlling number of votes. In Argentina between 1973 and 1983 (nothing before this date are recorded about the minority. Their were many prohibitions because of the abuse of human rights, like the Police Organization Act and the treatment of prisoners; freedom of thought, religion, expression, opinion, peaceful assembly and association; trade unions and workers' rights, including the right to strike; the right to vote and be elected; and the rights of minorities was one of those things.

The main victims of unemployment and poverty are members of indigenous Populations and ethnic minorities.

 

Issue #2 The Question of Palestine and the Peace process in the Middle East:

Argentina had made urgent appeals to both sides Jews and Arabs to end the use of force, while extending its solidarity to all the victims. Argentina took note of the fact that the Jewish and Arab communities had called a cessation of hostilities and the quick re-establishment of peace iii the Middle East.

Argentina called on Israel and the Palestinians to go back to the negotiating table and nut to take unilateral measures. Argentina's Government recognized the right of Israel to live in peace. Likewise, it supported the inalienable right to self-determination for the Palestinian people, which needed to be enshrined in a treaty. And that peace must be achieved.

 

Issue #3

The Question of Drug usage, drug Trafficking, and rehabilitation programs:

Argentina is pushing new patent laws that are more acceptable to non-nationals. But Argentine President Carlos Sail Menem have met resistance from the legislatures, consumers, and, especially, domestic drug makers. These proposed patent law changes would hurt the continent, Argentina supply the whole region with low-cost drugs. In Argentina, opponents estimate that proposed changes would triple drug prices.

Drug trafficking, along with other common, criminal activities, was born out of politics in Argentina, and developed in a framework of impunity that military dictatorships granted as part of a policy of state terrorism.

The Argentine connection,, suggests, the vast drug trafficking network has served to finance undercover operations and is intimately linked to military intelligence agencies, the current proposals to militarize the war on drugs are seriously flawed because of the links and commitments between drug traffickers, intelligence agencies and paramilitary groups over the years.

In Argentina, drug use has generated a boom in the number of private rehabilitation centers catering to middle and upper class users. Statistics show that the largest pool of heavy drug users here is the relatively large middle class, with the very wealthy only a shade lower on the totem poll than the poor.

 

Issue #4 The Question of International terrorism:

Argentina and the other states of Latin America are now working more closely together in the kinds of cooperative activities that are indispensable to fighting international terrorism.

Argentina needs to improve the effectiveness of officials working in lower levels of its law enforcement agencies. The Government of Argentina realizes that to deal with major acts of terrorism like the 2992 and 1994 bombings is to improved law enforcement machinery is needed.

The United States has also provided various forms of anti-terrorism training to the Argentine Government through the Department of State's Anti-Terrorism Assistance Program, administered by the Bureau of Diplomatic Security, with policy guidance from the Coordinator for Counter-terrorism. Since Argentina became a participant in the ATA program in 1992, ATA has trained over 280 officials in 17 courses, at a cost of approximately $2.2 million. In the next two fiscal years, ATA intends to hold an additional 10 courses for Argentine to train over 225 students.

 

 

 

 

Resolution

Zeinab Hassan

Forum: ECOSOC

Delegation: Argentina

Issue: The Question of International terrorism

Defining terrorism as use of force or violence by a person or an organized group, against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons,

Fully aware that the Crime Congresses are held every five years and are open to all 189 UN Member States,

Condemning the aftermath of the September 11th attacks on New York and the Pentagon, in which 5789 people died and a lot of money was lost according to CNN.com,

Fully alarmed by the horrific incident which occurred in Argentina during 1992 and 1994 bombings and that improved law enforcement machinery of the country,

Having heard that the United States has also provided various forms of anti-terrorism training to the Argentine Government through the Department of State's Anti-Terrorism Assistance Program,

Condemns Osama bin laden and his terrorist organization who were believed to be the ones responsible for the terrorist act that happened on September the 11th,

Believing that the states of Latin America are now working more closely together in the kinds of cooperative activities that are indispensable to fighting international terrorism;

Taking into consideration The item regarding international terrorism was first placed on the agenda of the General Assembly by the Secretary-General in 1972. States, however, were unable to agree on the definition of international terrorism and were divided on how to address the problem;

Further requests that all nations cooperate with this resolution and help make the world a better place to live:

I. Mandates the formation of UNTC (United Nation Terrorism Control) to implement all the things that will be mentioned;

2. Urges all nations to cooperate organization to for fill its noble goals to stop terrorism;

3. Draws the attention to all nations to secure:

A. all their communications,

B. weapons be on stand by,

C. increase security;

4. Recommends all nations to have standby workers who are trained to take care of terrorism issues and are capable of handling them;

5. Requests that all nations monitor their country artillery weapons closely to see what is going on and what is being sold;

6. Further reminds that terrorism may lead to many destructive problems like:

A. The country will lose a lot of money,

B. Tourists will not be so attracted to the county as they were before the act;

7. Takes note of that Citizens will migrate to other countries to ensure there safety and the safety of there families;

8. Urges the nations to unite together to stop the terrorism in the world;

9. Expresses its hope that all the nations will approve of resolving the problem of terrorism.

 

 

 

OPENING SPEECH

Hola. Hello:

Honorable chair and fellow delegates

Argentina inhabits almost the entire southern half of South America. It possesses some of the world's tallest mountains, expanding deserts, and lovely exotic waterfalls and it is famous for its best tango dancers since it was actually originated there. All this might disappear with one blow of terrorizing terrorism which is unexpected and might ruin this beauty forever and none of the forth coming generations will be able to enjoy it as we do.

Ladies and gentlemen Argentina stands here today not to entertain, but for a reason and that reason is to stop the terrorism and to stand against it, terrorism is happening all over the world for very vague, misjudged and dull reasons it can be stopped and that is by your help to fight against it while still understanding it in the same time.

Argentina asks that this issue (terrorism) be brought up in this session and be discussed thoroughly and researched widely with all the considered variables taken very seriously in it.

And thank you