Event: Pearl-MUN 2002, ECOSOC
Student: Altaf Dukair
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Country Profile France
The president of France is Jacques Chirac who has been reelected for 7 years. The president is given enormous executive power. His government is composed of a council of ministers led by a prime minister. One of the most recent government is called "The Fifth Republic", which Charles de Gaulle begun. The republic of France is a democratic country, where the people of France votes for their president and government.
The national assembly, which consists of 491 members known as Deputies and 317 members known as senators, which are elected for only a nine year term.
Those people in political power choose from their own party members to key positions, important positions, like a member of a high committee in powerful government owned company (ex. President of a company or even chairman). The parliament has narrowed and specific power, the direct universal suffrage elects the former body, when the deputies are elected they only serve their country for 5 years. In France from ages 18 and over are eligible to vote for their president and their government.
Franceís ninety-six departments are categorized into twenty-two regions, including the island of Corsica off the Italian coast. Each region has itís own unique character and traditions. Some regions have their own special language and dialogue (such as: Breton in Brittany, but French is their official language).
Political parties: Rally for the Republic; Union for French Democracy (the center-right has 5 various kinds of parties: a Democratic Force, Republican Party, and Radical Party are the unimportant minor members) Socialist Party; Communist Party; National Front; Greens; Ecology Generation; various little and unimportant parties. Luckily, Itís a secure and strong country. France has many countries that shareís itís borders with, it keeps a good relationship with them.
France is a hexagonal-shaped country in Western Europe, which stretches more than 600 miles from north to south and from east to west. The countryside differs form one region to another. In the north and west is the fertile farmland and the southwest is the snow-capped peak of the Pyrenees and the Alps. The Mediterranean Sea is between these 2 mountain ranges is the southern coastline of France. In the northern coastline particularly in Brittany, where small, rocky bays face is the Atlantic Ocean. In the north are the English Channel, Strait of Dover and the North Channel. Belgium, Luxemburg and Germany are on the north east of France. While on the south is Spain and on the west is the Bay of Biscay. Most of the larger towns and cites are located near the cost or alongside the 4 main rivers of France, which are Rhone, Seine, the Loire, and the Garonne.
The largest city and the Capital of France is Paris. The area of France is 547,030 Km, to 545,630 Km are just plains, but 1400 Km of the area is also water. The Alps, Jura, Ardennes, the Massif Central, Vosages 5,500 sq km of coastline. Frances border countries are Belgium: 620Km, Germany: 451 Km, Italy: 488 Km, Switzerland: 577 Km, Luxembourg: 73 Km, and Spain: 623 Km.
The northwest and southwest usually have cool summers and mild winters with almost every day rain. While the climate up in the mountainous regions in the east have warm summers and cold winters with lots of snow, but the south coast has little rain, warm winters and especially hot and dry summers.
The population of France is about 58.3 million. The faith of more than 90 % of French churchgoers is the Roman Catholicism. Protestantism, Judaism and Islam are the next most important religions in France. The Christian and Jewish religions in the 19th century were granted and allowed in the state. Then in 1905, as the people were against the political influence of the Roman Catholic Church, the legislators stopped giving money to the Roman Catholic schools and churches so that they can separate and weaken the power of the Roman Catholic Church. The French government removed all religious laws and they made up civil laws.
While the population density is about 105 persons per sq km. The life expectancy for women is about 81-82 years old, while men live less because they die at about 73 years old. The birth rate is about 12 per 1000 people, while the death rate is about 9 per 1000 people, the marriages is about 255,000 people and 108,000 are divorces.
In France from Pre-School to High School 12.6 million people, but in a higher education its about 2.075 million students. There are 26 million working and 19 million have salaries. 2.7% are farmers and 3.5% are artisans, storekeepers and are self-employed, 10.7% are managers and professionals.
Not all French people live in France; there are 1.7 million that live outside of France, for example: 52% are in Europe, 25.2% are in North America, 10.8% are in Africa, 5% are in the Middle East, 1.5% are in Oceania and 2.5% are in Asia.
France is richly powered with an excellent balance of both mineral (especially coal and iron ore) and agricultural resources. Including that France has a considerable deposits of antimony, bauxite, magnesium, pyrites, tungsten, salt, potash, radioactive materials, lead, and zinc. They also produce natural gas, petroleum, and sulphur.
The agricultural production goes up to14.7 million hectors of plains, which covers 27% of the total area of France. Franceís native plants ranges from Arctic-alpine lichens and mosses to semitropical species (such as olive and orange trees) and even lavender plants, which is used to produce perfumes.
France also gas boundless areas of fertile soils, marine sediments of the Paris Basin and well-watered alluvial soils of the lower valleys of the Seine and Somme Rivers are the richest in France. They are also leading agricultural producer in the European union. They grow a lot of wheat, Maize to feed their animals. Car manufacturing is one of Franceís most important industries. They are also wine-grape great producers of both quality and quantity. Timber is the most important natural recourse in France.
Between ages 18 and 35, the national service is required for 10 months. Franceís total armed forces, in 1998, are 317,300 troops; 178.300 were serving in the army, 62,600 were in the navy, 76.400 were in the air force and the rest were in the strategic nuclear forces or in the central Staff positions. Itís also a member in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The French official announced that France was rejoining NATOís military structure in 1995 and almost 30 years after the French military forces had been withdrawn from the NATO command. France has developed a nuclear force, including the nuclear submarines and ballistic missiles, which stay outside NATO. France has also provided troops for the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations in Cambodia, Somalia, and the former Yugoslavia. In 1992 France and Germany have agreed to create a united defense called Euro corps; in 1997 France had 11,700 troops that were stationed in Germany and in various parts of Africa notably in Chad. The defense expense for 1998 in total was about $39.831 billion.
Franceís military expenses took 2.5% for the GDP. They build their own weapons and also have all of the resources in order to run a military operation. France has been one of the leaders for military forces. Being one of the strongest countries, Franceís military primary focus is on its self-protection and peace keeping between the countries.
Franceís economy includes two methods, which are:Capitalism: which is the private sectors, where the person owns his/her own business or land. Where the government holds a good and sizable authority over key sectors, main sectors, like the railway, electricity, airline and telecommunications. The government is selling off in some of these services to the private sector.
Franceís imports earn them $280.8 billion, and its imports are crude oil, machinery and equipment and chemicals, which are mostly used for agricultural products. It also has a lot of import partners as well like EU 62% (Germany 17%, Italy 10 %, Belgium-Luxembourg 8%, UK 8%, Spain 7%) US 9%.
Franceís exports earn them $304.7 billion; its exports are machinery and transportation, chemicals, iron and steel products; agricultural products textiles and clothing, and equipment. It also has a lot of trading partners, which are EU 63% (Germany 16%, UK 10%, Italy 9%, Spain 9%, Belgium-Luxembourg 8%) US 7%. Franceís industries are made up of steel, machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, electronics, aircraft, mining: textiles, food processing; tourism. Its industrial growth rate is 2%.
The GDP (Gross Domestic Product) real growth rate is 2.7%, while the GDP per year purchasing power parity is $23,300. Franceís economy is so balanced that the population below poverty line is NA% (it doesnít exist).
Views on world problems:
France is a member of the United Nations (UN), the European Union/European Community (EU/EC), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), G7, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the West European Union (WEU). France is also a signatory of the Schengen Agreement on European border controls. In 1990, France took part in the Gulf War, sending troops and war ships to the Persian Gulf right after Iraq took over Kuwait. Because of Franceís size, location, membership in the European organizations, strong economy and military posture, and energetic diplomacy, itís a leader in Western Europe. France has worked hard to strengthen the global political and also economical influence of the EU and even itís role to strengthen the European defense.
France extremely supports the Middle East peace process and has also supported the concern of a Palestinian country and the removal of the Israelis out of the occupied country (Palestine).
Archaeological evidence shows that human beings have lived in what is now France for at least 100,000 years.
France went to war in August 1914; the French people almost without exception and under any circumstance went to defend of their country.
In July 1918 a unified Allied command, which are the entry of many of American troops into battle, and the brutality of the German war machine helped the Allies to attack so strongly, that forced the German government to ask for peace.
On May 10, 1940, German forces invaded the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. 8 days later, Charles de Gaulle, a relatively unknown French general who had went to London and convinced all of the French soldiers and sailors to join him in continuing the war beside Britain to liberate their country.
The Allies landed in France at Normandy in June 1944, officials from de Gaulleís organization in Algiers and also the local Resistance leaders took over the administration. On August 25 the Americans liberated Paris and De Gaulle entered the city on August 26 and organized a national government representing the resistance both inside and outside France, but strongly under his control.
In September 1958, de Gaulle submitted the newly drafted constitution of the Fifth Republic to a popular referendum. De Gaulle was determined to raise Franceís international image and to restore its independence in foreign affairs.
1969, 53 % of the voters cast negative ballots on two constitutional reforms and de Gaulle resigned the next day. Unfortunately, he retired to his private estate in eastern France, and never returned in political affairs ever again. One year later, 1970, De Gaulle had passed away.
May 1991, Rocard resigned, and Mitterrand appointed Edith Cresson, who is also a Socialist, as Franceís first woman Prime Minister
In July 1999 France won the World Cup tournament.
#1) Insuring the rights of minorities within a country.
When insuring the rights of minorities within France there are 3 basic principals that the French people abide by:Fraternity, which means brotherhood. Freedom, which is the freedom of speech and to have the freedom to do what ever they want to help their country (in good and legal ways of course). Equality, which means that there is no difference between blacks and whites and that upper class people and lower class people in France should be treated the same way which is with respect that they deserve and even people who aren't French should also be treated equally just like the people who are French.
There are advantages and disadvantages about France's views about insuring the rights of minorities within France. The advantage of insuring the rights of minorities within France is that there are famous artists that captures the essence of France and show people from all of the world what France is really like, which leads to more tourists and that will also lead to more money. Even the jobs in France will have a positive income because of lots of different shops opening like carpet shops, which are transported specially from other different countries like Iran or shops that sell Indian tea. Minors that aren't from France can open different shops that sell things from their country or even from other different countries that can show the French people different things that come from almost all over the world. The disadvantage insuring the rights of minorities within France is that the minors bring cultures that aren't quite the same as the cultures of France like the Arab culture and their traditional clothes. There are about 60 million inhabitance mainly: 2 million people that are Arabs (Muslims) and 1 million people who are Jewish, which bring different religions and tradition to France.
#2) The question of Palestine and the peace process in the Middle East.
France is concerned about the Palestine and the peace process in the Middle East and wants to help them solve their differences between Palestine and Israel so that the torturing, the killing and even the sadness would finally come to an end.
France's view about the Palestine and the peace process in the Middle East is that France isn't with or against Palestine (neutral). There are a lot of implications in the war that is currently taking place in Palestine and that France urges both countries to be in peace and have justice between 4them as how brothers should live. Americans are too much for the Israelis and they don't take the issues so seriously and don't respect it enough in order to help them solve the differences between them as a result in peace and justice as it should be.
#3) The question of drug usage and trafficking and rehabilitation programs.
Drugs affect France in many ways like lung cancer and addiction to drugs which result in killing other people for it and from how much they are addicted to it, it may lead to suicide and most of all even innocent children might even take drugs just to show their friends that they are strong and if they have family problems they actually think that taking drugs will make their problems just suddenly disappear. Unfortunately there are drug dealers and some of them are minorities.
France's view about drug usage and trafficking is it doesn't help the human body it harms it by spreading cancer in certain parts of the body and that the punishment of drug users and people who smuggle in drugs I to France isn't very strict like being put in jail for only 3 years and then they is free to go and that just isn't enough, because the might just do drugs again. Unfortunately other European countries who transport drugs into their country and allow their people to take drugs, which results in affecting France's prevention and hard work in organizing campaigns to stop drugs. In France drugs are forbidden, but cigarettes aren't strictly forbidden only in certain places or cities in France where you are allowed to smoke in. Cigarettes are sold in certain places where no one knows about it like old abandoned factory houses and dark ally ways and some times in places where you least expect it to be sold in.
#4) The question of preventing international terrorism.
Preventing international terrorism affects France by organizing campaigns to help decrease the number of terrorists and people who are planning to become terrorists in order to help save lives and also trying prevent al-qaaida is trying to persuade some of the French people to join them by being terrorists.
France's view about preventing international terrorism is that itís an injustice crime that needs to be stopped in any way possible and especially that guns and chemical, biological and nuclear weapons should be restricted only the government and not by private groups, individuals or by any organizations. We arenít only concerned about our people we are concerned about the welfare of others. There was an act of terrorism in which he tried to kill his president Jacques Chirac with a gun, that makes us wonder from whom did this teenager get this gun! Thatís why only the government should own these kinds of weapons and not the citizens.
Delegate: Altaf Al- Dukair
Defining: terrorism is a brutal act of terrorizing and killing innocent people.
Noting that the terrorism is an injustice act to eliminate humanity in which war and racism increases between countries.
Noting with deep concern that in 1996 terrorists use powerful explosive weapons in order to make or prove a point and even get some of the countries attention.
We deeply regret that terrorism has increased rapidly through out the world, by using complex and barbaric technology, made by man, which has turned against him.
Emphasizing that the wild organizations that terrorists have and when using their inhuman weapons has a great effect on countries all around the world and their societies.
Supporting the United Nations, the participants at the Lyons Summit, 1Foreign ministers and the cooperation of all the states (which are members of the UN) to eliminate and fight against terrorism by law in whatever shape or form regardless of its motives.
1- Draws the attention of the united internal society to this stern problem and the vital importance to help solve this problem and to prevent terrorists to continue this inhuman organization.
2- Urges all countries to:
One) To take strong measures to prevent the movement of terrorist individuals or groups.
Two) To strengthen internal cooperation among all government agencies and services to different aspects (exposure) of terrorism and to be able to discuss it among them.
Three) to restore the laws on context of handing over suspected terrorists (with enough proof) to the country that suspected them.
3- Appeals: to the united international society for exchange of communications between all countries to cooperate and coordinate with each other including all information regarding terrorism.
4- Requests: the full support of all world organizations and the united internal society to:
One) Increase the exchange of information, about the movements of terrorists and their communications between one another.
Two) Offers funds to poor countries in order to increase the prevention of terrorism.
Three) To develop extra addition agreements, in order to bring terrorists to justice.
One) Worldwide conference on terrorist bombings and acts creating danger for countries and their societies.
Two) The ownership of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons should be restricted only the government and not by private groups, individuals or by any organizations.
6-Further resolves that:
One) Harsher punishments and prosecution of terrorists.
Two) Any communication of any sort between terrorists or carrying illegal weapons shall be sentenced to life in prison and their will be no bail.
Three) strengthening border controls (air, land and sea) and checking insurance of identity papers and travel documents to prevent forgery, counterfeiting and use of false papers of any person that would be caught shall be sentenced for 25 years and is caught the second time shall be put to death.
Honorable delegates, ladies and gentlemen and devoted chairman,
France is honored to be here today and to talk about the issues that we have all been facing. For many years France has been the grape in your wine, the lavender in your perfume and the style in your clothes. Whenever you walk along the streets of Paris you could smell the fresh scent of love in the air.
The tragic loss of innocent people throughout the world because of misused technology, which is designed for only one goal " to destroy", is terrorism. France is totally against terrorism in every way possible and tries to solve this problem using many solutions and has no mercy upon the people who accomplish this mission. We aid the United Nations, especially the United States of America; in itís efforts to put an end to terrorism once and for all.