Japan

Student: Nasser Al Aujan

Event: Pearl-MUN 2002





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The Japanese National Anthem


Kimigayo (His Majesty's Reign)

Kimi gayo wa
Chiyo ni yachiyo ni
Sazare ishi no
Iwao to nari te
Koke no musu made


English Translation

Thousands of years of happy reign be thine;
Rule on, my lord, till what are pebbles now
By age united to mighty rocks shall grow
Who's venerable sides the moss doth line.

Japan



 

Country Profile

1. Political Structure:

Japan is a constitutional monarch with a parliamentary government. Japanís capital is Tokyo. The executive branches are: the chief of state is the emperor Akiaito (since January 1989), the head of government is the prime minister Junichiro Koizumi (since April 2001) from Liberal Democratic Party, and the cabinet appointed by the prime minister. The chief of state is not elected, the monarch is hereditary. The real power in Japan is controlled by the prime minister.

Executive power is vested in a Cabinet, headed by a prime minister. The prime minister, who is the head of the party in power, chooses the Cabinet from among members of the national legislature (Diet). Since 1947 the Japanese Diet has been the supreme organ of government power. Members of the Diet designate a prime minister. Totaling 252, are elected for six-year terms; elections for one-half the membership are held every three years. In 1998 the main political parties in Japan were the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), the Social Democratic Party of Japan (SDJP), the Liberal Party (LP), the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), the New Party Sakigake, the Clean Government Party, the Democratic Socialist Party, the Japan Communist Party, the New Party Peace, the Dawn Club, and the Voice of the People. The LDLP held a near-monopoly of government from its formation in 1955 until 1993, and was returned to power in 1994. Opposition parties in Japan have been in flux since 1994, with membership shifting between several new bodies.

 

2. Natural Resources:

The most important natural resources of Japan are primarily agricultural. Although arable land is limited, Japan has some of the highest crop yields per land area sown in the world, and the country produces about 71 per cent of its food. Yet Japan imports a lot of foodstuff because there is no enough ground for cultivation and the grounds are protected. Without the food imports, Japanese agriculture canít feed all the population.

Japanís large hydroelectric power potential has been extensively developed, but mineral resources are limited. The country is obliged to import most of its mineral requirements. Geothermal power is a potentially great, as yet unexploited, resource. Most of the Japanese land is mountains, and the surface is rugged and rocky, so only about 10% of the land can be cultivated. The fossil fuels that Japan produce are limestone, coal, lead, copper, zinc.

 

3. Cultural Factor:

Japan has a population of 126,434,470 (2000 estimate). The overall population density is about 335 people per sq. km (867 per sq. MI). The population growth rate in Japan is 0.17% (2001 est.). The birth rate in Japan is 10.04 births for each 1,000 person; the death rate in Japan is 8.34 death for each 1,000 person. The population sex ratio of males to females is 96:100. The number of people infected with AIDS is 10,000(1999 est.), and the number of people that died from AIDS is 150 (1999 est.).

The main language in Japan is the Japanese language. The ethnic groups in Japan are Japanese that form 99.4% (1999), and Korean that form 0.6% (1999). The principal religious faiths of Japan are Shinto, a polytheistic religion based on ancestor and nature worship and Buddhism; they both form 86% of the population. Christianityórepresented in Japan by the Protestant, Roman Catholic, and Greek Orthodox faithsóis practiced by less than 4 % of the population. There other religions in Japan that form 10% of the population.

4. Defense:

The Japanese military consists from Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (Army), Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (Navy), Japan Air Self-Defense Force (Air Force). The military age in Japan is 18 years old. The available military manpower is male that their age ranges from 15 to 49 years old, and there are 29,926,614 soldier (2001 est.). The military manpower those are fit their ageís range from 15 to 49 years old, and there are 25,876,484 soldiers (2001 est.). The military manpower reaching military age annually is males 765,817 (2001 est.). Military expenditures in dollar figure are $43 billion (FY01). Military expenditures in percent of GDP:0. 96% (FY01)

Japan has the potential to create nuclear weapons, but they currently donít have any nukes. People say that the US Army that is based in Japan has kept nukes in the Japanese land. There are special rules about the Japanese army, which is that they canít send the army abroad. The Japanese army is not called an army because to be an army you should be able to attack and defend, which is in the Japanese case they can only defend.

 

5. Geography:

Japan is a country in eastern Asia that consists of four large islands and as well as more than one thousand lesser adjacent islands. The distance of Japanís land boundary is zero km sq., and its coastline is 29,751 km sq. Japan is bounded on the north by the Sea of Okhotsk, and on the east by the Pacific Ocean, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean and the East China Sea, and on the west by the Korean Peninsula and the Sea of Japan. The geographic coordinates of Japan are 36 00 North and 138 00 East. The highest point in Japan is Fujiyama at 3,776 m, and the lowest point is Hachiro at Ė4 m.

Japanís land area is 374,744 km sq. and the waterís area is 3,091 km sq. with a total of 377,835 km sq. Almost every valley, in Japan, has a stream, no long navigable rivers exist. The longest river in Japan is the Shinano, on Honshu, which is about 370 km (230 MI) long; other large rivers on Honshu are the Tone, Kitakami, Tenryu, and Mogami. The important rivers of Hokkaido include the second-largest river of Japan, the Ishikari, and the Teshio and Tokachi. The Yoshino is the longest river in Shikoku. The many Japanese lakes are noted for their scenic beauty. The largest lake in Japan is Biwa, on Honshu, which covers about 685 sq. km.

Mountain ranges extend across the islands from north to south. In the north, the island of Hokkaido is marked by a volcanic range that descends from the Kurils and merges in the southwestern part of the island. Mass of intersecting ridges that enclose the plateau of the Shinano River and forms a belt of mountains, the highest in Japan, across the widest part of the island. The highest peak is Fuji, an extinct volcano near Yokohama. One of the subsidiary chains in the central mountain mass is called the Japanese Alps because of the grandeur of the landscape; the highest elevation in the chain is Mount Yariga (3,180 m/10,433 ft). Farther south is another chain of high peaks of which Mount Shirane (3,192 m/10,472 ft) is the highest. Volcanoes are common in the Japanese mountains; some 200 volcanoes are known, about 50 of which are still active.

 

6. Views of World Problems:

Japan is a member of the UN, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the Colombo Plan, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, and ASEAN (dialogue partner). Japan has long campaigned for a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council. Japan has diplomatic relations with nearly all-independent nations. Japan is not getting along with some of the Asian countries after World War 2.

Japan and The United States share a close and cooperative relationship. Excluding different social and cultural traditions, Japan And the US are much in common. The US supports Japan in getting the permanent seat in the Security Council. Trying to maintain good relations with neighboring countries, Japan and China signed a treaty in 1978. Ties between the two countries developed rapidly. The Japanese helped China economically in varies of projects.

 

7. Economy:

The Japanese GDP per capita is $24,900 (2000 est.); the real growth rate is 1.3% (200000000 est.). The labor force in Japan is 67.7 million (Dec. 2000), the labor force by occupation are services 65%, industry 30%, agriculture 5%. The unemployment rate in Japan is 4.7% (2000). The Japanese economy has been plummeting down, either in the stock markets or in the real estate prices, and the Japanese economy depends on oil, which Japan imports completely.

The total Japanese exports equal $450 billion(). The export commodities are motor vehicles, semi-conductors, office machinery, and chemicals. The export partners are US 30%, Taiwan 7%, South Korea 6.4%, China 6.2%, Hong Kong 5.6% (2000). The total Japanese imports equal $355 billion (2000). The import commodities are fuel, foodstuff, chemicals, textiles, and office machinery. The import partners are US 19%, China 14.5%, South Korea 5.4%, Taiwan 4.8%, Indonesia 4.3%, Australia 3.9% (2000).

 

8. History:

The empire was founded in 660 BC. by emperor Jimmu. Japan had many different periods and different emperors. The Mongols invaded Japan twice in the 1200ís. in the late 1890ís, early 1900ís, Japan came to a discord between Russia that soon expanded to the east to northeast Asia, and the US relations were strained.

The beginning of World War II, in 1939, gave Japan new opportunity for aggression in South East Asia. Japan joined the German-Italian alliance in 1940. Japan signed a neutrality pact with the USSR in 1941. In 1941 Japanese carrier-based aircraft attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the main US naval base in the Pacific. Simultaneous attacks were launched by the Japanese army, navy, and air force against the Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, Midway Island, Hong Kong, British Malaya, and Thailand. On December 8 the United States declared war on Japan, as did all Allied powers except the USSR.

The tide of battle began to change in 1942. On August 11, 1945, the Japanese offered to surrender; Douglas MacArthur was appointed Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) occupying Japan. By the terms of the treaty Japan renounced all claims to Korea, Taiwan, the Kurils, Sakhalin, and former mandated islands, and relinquished any special rights and interests in China and Korea. During 1953 the US government, seeking further to safeguard the country against possible Communist aggression, actively encouraged Japan to rearm. In August the two countries signed a military-aid treaty. In October 1956 the Soviet Union and Japan agreed to end the technical state of war that had existed between the two countries since August 1945.

On March 20 Tokyoís subway system was hit by chemical weapons including the nerve gas saran in a terrorist attack that killed 12 and affected thousands. Japan suffered its biggest nuclear power accident at an uranium-processing plant in Tokaimura, making it the world's worst since the 1986 Chernobyl disaster. Economic stagnation continued throughout 1999. Mount Usu, on the island of Hokkaido, erupted for the first time in more than 20 years in April 2000, causing thousands of people to be evacuated from their homes.

 

 

 

Policy Statements

 

Issue 1- Measures to ensure the rights of minorities within a country:

To define minorities, they are a group of people, within a society, whose members have different ethnic, racial, national, religious, sexual, political, linguistic, or other characteristics from the rest of society. Minorities in Japan are Ainu, Burakumin, Koreans, Chinese, and Okinawans Minorities, in Japan, are treated violently and harshly. They are violated and their rights have been forgotten, and the rights of these minorities are not ensured. Korean minorities who are taught in their schools could not attend Japanese collages.

Minorities is an issue that has a little affect on the Japanese government. The fears of the government is that the minorities will take the Japanese jobs and control the Japanese economy. And the minorities in Japan do not have a voice in the public, so they canít be heard.

 

Issue 2- The question of Palestine and the peace process In the Middle East:

The definition of peace is freedom from conflict or disagreement among people or groups of people. The Middle East peace issue has been a big strong issue for many past years. Japan strongly and actively supports the peace keeping in the Middle East. Japan does not support a specific side, neither Palestine nor Israel.

The effect of the conflict in the Middle East on Japan is limited. The only problem that faces Japan that is linked to the Middle East conflict is oil. Due to the conflict, the oil prices are erratic. The Gulf nations, which are the main exporters of oil to Japan, are using oil as a weapon to stop the conflict by cutting all exports of oil to all countries. Without oil, the Japanese economy will shatter and will get destroyed. Japan doesnít take sides toward this conflict. Japan supports the most humane policies and the right policies.

Issue 3- The question of drug usage, drug trafficking, and rehabilitation programs:

Drugs are an often illegal and sometimes addictive substance that causes changes in behavior and perception and is taken for the effects. Japan is against illegal drugs and drug trafficking as nearly all of the world. Japan is like every other country that his fight illegal drugs. It bands illegal drugs and drug trafficking. Japan has rehabilitation programs to decrease the rate of the use of illegal drugs.

Drugs, itself, have a big effect on every country. Drugs have economical harms and social harms. Drugs could break up families, or lead to bankrupt. Drugs also lead to crime and less working power. Japan supports any policy that stops drugs and drug trafficking and any policy that supports rehabilitation.

 

Issue 4- the question of international terrorism:

Terrorism is violence or the threat of violence, especially bombing, kidnapping, and assassination, carried out for political purposes. Japan strongly opposes international terrorism. The Japanese government does not support any international terrorist organization, and it doesnít fund any organization. Japan is doing its best to eradicate international terrorism.

Japan, and every country in the world, is a potential terrorism victim. Japan is a victim of terrorism because of its technology and economy and industry. Japan has suffered on its own from the terrorist group of Red Army. Japan has not suffered from international terrorism for several of years. Japan supports any policy that stops international terrorism or a policy that, at least, reduces it.

 

 

 

 

Resolution

Delegate: Naser Al-Aujan

Forum: ECOSOC

Delegation: Japan

Issue: The Question of International terrorism

 

Defining international terrorism as "The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons,"

Aware of according to the almanac that there is an increase of the numbers of international terrorist acts annually,

Bearing in mind that according to CNN that more than 3,000 people died by the terrorist acts on the World Trade Center in New York, USA,

Believing that according to the almanac that 405-person dies and 791-person wounded through 423 terrorist acts annually,

Recognizing that international terrorism causes a lot of harms including deaths, loss of money, hatred and wars between two nations, and massive destruction,

Approving the Security Councilís resolution number 1373 adopted on 28th of September 2001 talking about international terrorism,

Applauding the actions of terrorism prevention by Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) which is part of The Center for International Crime Prevention (CICP) and the UN Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (ODCCP),

Welcoming the US efforts and the US Anti-Terrorism Campaign to eliminate terrorism,

 

1. Resolves that the United Nations will form an organization that handles terrorism called The United Nations Anti-Terrorism Organization (UNATO) and the goal is to stop international terrorism as mentioned in the following clauses;

2. Further Resolves that ports of member countries of the UN can become members of UNATO and all of UNATOís summits will be held at Geneva every 6 months and after every international terrorist attack and member ports should attend;

3. Confirms that UNATO members should send monthly reports regarding the ports security and UNATO will send a report to the federal aeronautic agency about any port that fails in security of the port;

4. Encourages countries to secure their ports heavily and especially international ports either the arrivals or the departures:

a. sea: by sending agents to check sea ports and sea patrol

b. land: by sending agents to check land borders and border patrol

c. air: by sending agents to check airports and there will be a financial aid to all countries that have heavily secured ports;

5. Emphasizes that awards will be given to the best secured port and the most improved port security in an award ceremony held yearly;

6. Impractical that UNATO will need 500 agents from different national organizations working under it;

7. Affirms that UNATO will send agents to persuade nations that are not member of UNATO to enter;

8. Encourages countries that home international terrorists to fight international terrorism within them by:

a. Using military force: fighting the terrorist militia

b. Abounding terrorist from society: to have no political, economical, or social relations with the terrorists

c. Trying to negotiate to force out terrorist

d. Stopping terrorists from leaving the country

e. Getting the countries who are fighting terrorists to receive financial and medical aid from the UN.

 

 

 

 

Opening Speech

Good morning/evening Konichua. From the land of misty icy mountains, to the land of summaries and warlords. From the land of natural beauty, to the land of up to date technology. Japan welcomes all the fellow delegates here today in this assembly. International terrorism is a big issue that struck our communities hard and harshly. People lay dead on the ground from the acts of international terrorism. Buildings demolish to the ground and only rubbles are left from international terrorism. Families are torn and broken up from international terrorism.

Japan knows how it feels to suffer from terrorism sinceÖ. It suffered from its own from international terrorism when a terrorist group called Aum Shiniri Koyo used chemical weapons and killed 12 people in Tokyoís subway system.

Japan strongly urges all countries to stop international terrorism and let the people live in peace.

Arigato Goo Zaunus