Mauritius otherwise known as The Republic Of Mauritius, is a parliamentary democracy that got its independence from the United Kingdom on the 12th of March 1968. The countries capital is Port Louis, and it consists of 9 districts and 3 dependencies. The countries first constitution was on the 12th of March 1968, and was amended on the 12th of March 1992. Mauritius has a legal system based on French civil law system with elements of English common law in certain areas. Its executive branch is British monarch, governor general, prime minister, deputy prime minister, and council of ministers (cabinet). The legislative branch is a unicameral legislative assembly. The Judicial Branch is the Supreme Court. The current president is Cassam Uteem, and the current prime minister is Sir Anerood Jugnauth.
Mauritius has many natural resources. It is well equipped with many of nature’s good products. Mauritius has many types of animals, and some include cattle, goats, pigs, sheep, chickens, fish, and poultry. As well as having animals it has a large amount of different plants, and they include bananas, fruits, vegetables, rice, sugar cane, groundnuts, tea, potatoes, corn, tobacco, cereals, and sisal. As much as they may seem it still depends on other countries for other types of natural resources.
Mauritius is a country with the population of only 1,200,000 people. For this amount of people there are three main religions, and some other that do not count as much. These religions are Hindu 52%, Christian 28.3% (Roman Catholic 26%, Protestant 2.3%), Muslim 16.6%, other 3.1%. There are also four ethnic groups into which people there are divided, and they are Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%. There are a couple of languages spoken there and they are English (official), Creole, French, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bojpoori.
Mauritius is a small country, with a small population, and therefore a week, and small army. From all of the population the manpower available (between ages 15-49) is 307,237 men, and unfortunately only 157,246 men of these 307,237 are available, and fit for army service. The military branches are divided into four groups.
These groups are Paramilitary Special Mobile Force, Special Support Unit, National Police Force, and National Coast Guard. The amount of the money spent is 0.3% of the GDP, and these amounts up to $11,000,000 only.
Mauritius is located in the African continent, just east of Madagascar. It is an island, that has no land boundaries, and a total of 177 Km of coastline boundaries. Its area is approximately 1,860 km2 which is split into 1,850 km2 land area, and 10 Km2 of water area. It is in the Indian Ocean region, and has the geographic coordinates of 20 17 S, 57 33 E. When compared to Washington DC it is 11 times as large as it. Mauritius has a fairly simple terrain, which is a small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau. The climate of Mauritius is also fairly simple it is tropical and modified by southeast trade winds as well as a warm, dry winter (May to November), and hot, wet, humid summers (November to May). Its land is split up into the following groups and percentages as of 1993, and they are:1. Arable land: 49% 2. Permanent crops: 3% 3. Permanent pastures: 3% 4. Forests and woodland: 22% 5. Other: 23%
As well as this Mauritius has a total amount of irrigated land of 170 Km2. Mauritius has one main natural hazard, which is cyclones all the way from April till May.
Views on world problems:
Mauritius is one of the most valued countries in the issue of human rights, and has not only a clean record, but a positive, and affective one at that. It is also a peacekeeping region, and that is mainly because of two reasons, one which is that it is a ‘friendly’ country which values human rights, and knows that it outweighs the outcomes of all wars. The second reason is that it needs to stay a peacekeeping country in order to survive since its military is week, and small it need not get into wars it cant handle, and in any war that could affect it. It also has a very affirmative view towards child labor being one of the few African countries that does not allow any child under 15 to work undesirably.
Mauritius is also known as a cooperative country in anything against people in general. It is enrolled in some of the most affective organizations in the world, which include the ACCT, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, InOC, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, and the WtrO.
Mauritius has an affective role in most of the above organizations, and especially in the UN-SC were it has performed exceptionally well in all issues to help prevent wars, and keep peace between countries. It has been affective as well towards the question of Liberia offering help, and contributing to resolutions that would help Liberia in developing. It also has a good role in the WHO because it needs solutions to AIDS, and Cancer sicknesses that are growing at an alarming rate.
Mauritius also suffers from two main problems which are the production, and trafficking of illegal drugs, and an international dispute in which Mauritius is claiming the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory), and claims French-administered Tromelin Island, and till now no solution has been put forward.
The economy is based on sugar, manufacturing (mainly textiles), and tourism. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 40% of export earnings. The government's development strategy is centered on industrialization (with a view to exports), agricultural diversification, and tourism. Economic performance in 1991 was increasingly impressive due to a 6% growth rate in exports.
The real growth of the GDP is 7.5% as of 2000, which is impressive for a small country. The GDP is split up as to follows agriculture 10%, services 61%, and industry with 29%. Although the GDP is highly rising there still remains 10.6% of all the population under the poverty line, and an unemployment rate of 6.4% making matters worse.
Mauritius imports more than it exports, making it at a downfall but as of 1991 the amount of exports have risen quite impressively, and the gap has started to close. The import total is equal to $2.3 billion, and the total exports is equal to $1.6 billion. Its import partners are France 14%, South Africa 11%, India 8%, UK 5%, and its export partners are UK 32%, France 19%, US 15%, Germany 6%, Italy 4%. It is in a $1.9 billion debt to mainly the US, and the UK as well as France, Holland, and Germany.
Mauritius has a currency called the Mauritian rupee, and each rupee is 100 cents. An American dollar is roughly equivalent to 27.90 rupees as of 2001.
Mauritius is a country with a clean history. This fact is mainly due to it being given independence not so long ago. The country has spent most of its years trying to develop, and catch up with the rest of the world, and it has. Mauritius now enjoys one of Africa’s highest GDP growth rate, and due to all the effort put into education it also has a population of 89.6% literate people.
In 1968 Mauritius was given its independence, and in 1968, and on the same day had a constitution. The country has followed Queen Elizabeth II ever since 1952, and has been a parliamentary democracy ever since it got its independence. The country has had elections each five years for a new prime minister, and a new president. Mauritius also has a clean, and affective record towards both health, and human rights from the first day it was given its independence.
Mauritius, though, has had two main problems affecting it from the early 1990’s till now which are the drug trafficking, and production issue, and another which is an international dispute where in Mauritius claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory), and claims French-administered Tromelin Island. Another bothering piece of history for Mauritius is a small civil war, erupting when elections were still happening,, in its early times due to what was said to be ‘unfair voting.’ Since then Mauritius has made sure their votes are fair, and have used every possible way to stop any corruption, or destruction in any part of its lands.
Mauritius has been in relations with the UN twice once when its constitution was amended in 1992, and another when it was selected as a temporary member of the UN-Security council.
Issue #1: Right of space usage:
As being a second hand country in all space explorations, Mauritius knows how work is needed for all countries to have equal usage of space, and space equipment. Space is considered as a second Earth, and just as there are things to discover here, pace also has things to be discovered, and Mauritius feels that this responsibility should be on everybody, and not only the United states or The Russian Federation. Space is also considered as a new dumpster, and the rich and able to go into space countries have been throwing wastes into space, without consulting the other countries, and since space is not owned by them Mauritius feels that any country should be able to make a decision concerning space.
Mauritius feels that since space is not equally split, it should be equally used. Suggestions could include that smaller, and less able countries should have some type of an affective result towards space, and space discovery. As well as this poorer countries should be let in on any new discoveries, or equipment made since they too are affected by the results of these things, and that when they are they might be able to use space such as other rich nations.
Issue #2: Sanctions against Iraq:
Countries that break rules deserve to be punished, but enough is enough. The sanctions placed on Iraq are making the country more and more un-developed each second. The people of Iraq are living mostly on brad and water making their lives miserable, and unbearable. Iraq now has no weapons whatsoever, and still countries threaten it if it doesn’t hand in weapons, and each time they deny having any weapons new sanctions are put making life there miserable.
The sanctions on Iraq have to be removed, or at least weakened to a point were the people are able to live normal lives, and not live as poor illiterate people. Sanctions that include no importing, or exporting any materials, must be removed in order for the country to be able to develop, and catch up to what other countries have begun. Other sanctions though must be put in order to secure surrounding countries from any other attacks, and their weapon trade, and manufacturing should be lessened.
Issue #3: Fighting international terrorism:
International terrorism is one of the worlds strongest pullbacks towards becoming a safer and more livable world. Terrorist groups such as Al-Qaida, and The Mafia must be stopped. Also countries such as Israel that depend on terrorism in order for it to stay in view of other countries. Such terrorist groups destroy buildings, and put peoples life in danger all for the sake of reasons that are not worth anything, or money. People are now scared to travel to certain places because of these terrorist groups, that do not allow any person to be a free, and normal person. This terrorism must be ended, and all terrorists should be at least executed.
Mauritius suggests tabbing certain people in order for the police to be bale to track down headquarters, and bases. We also suggest sending in spies to know what the terrorists plan, and what they wish to do of destruction and other illegal acts against people. Mauritius, though, would like to suggest the best tactic of getting rid f terrorism, which is world cooperation against the terrorist groups, and the people that run them.
SECURITY COUNCIL CLAUSES