ALL RESOLUTIONS DEBATED:
Pearl-MUN 2002

PLUS THE ICJ RESOLUTION OF CASES


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Drugs

Italy- Mishal Al Rashoud

UK- Mohammad Ben Essa



International Terrorism

Japan- Nasser Al-Aujan


Minority Rights

Nigeria- Amna Al Sager

Palestine

Cuba-Muneera Al Nibari

ICJ Cases


The UK versus Libyan/Dan Fruit/Ghazi Sharhan presiding

The DR Congo versus Uganda/Abdullah Asousi presiding





Question of: Drug usage trafficking and rehabilitation (PASSED)

Main submitter: Italy

Co-Submitters: The republic of Turkey and Brazil and Egypt and Chad and South Korea.

Author: Mishal Al Rashoud

Defining drugs as "A chemical substance such as hallucinogens that affect the Central Nervous System (brain and spinal cord), causing changes in a persons behavior and usually causes addiction",

Deeply concerned about the relations between countries that are being strained due to the topic of drugs,

Aware of the 15% increase since 1990 of the illegal drug usage and trafficking,

Expressing its Appreciation towards countries like Pakistan, and Thailand who have successfully ceased production and harvesting of drugs and have become drug free, in other words do not have any drug plantations, etc.,

Bearing in Mind that the drug issue is not a national issue but an international one and one that can be solved if we all work together,

Expecting from all countries help and cooperation to solve this international and humanitarian conflict,

Noting with deep concern that drugs murdered over 70,000 souls and lost over 115$ dollars,

Taking in Consideration that drugs affects individuals, groups, communities, and countries; physically and mentally,

Aware of those drugs are made and produced by many uncivilized countries. In addition, some countries plant them as a major income for its economy,

Declares the negative effects of drug smuggling and addiction on people and societies including:

a. Spread of infectious and deadly diseases.

b. Violence and involvement in organized crime to get drugs.

c. Death of innocent people.

d. Corruption and Chaos.

Bearing in Mind that the drug issue is not a national issue but an international one and one that can be solved if we all work together.

 

1. Persuades nations to better educate their people and stop drug addiction by

a. Mass media (television, radio, and newspaper publications about the negativity of drug addiction, etc.)

b. Providing education to all students about drugs.

c. Forming a drug awareness month that works for 31 days and educates people about drug abuse, and its consequences.

2. Urges countries to try to stop drug trafficking with the help of the UN if needed by

a. Strengthening border patrol by radar and military forces and high technology detection equipment,

b. Providing better drug detecting equipment to law enforcement agencies,

c. Providing more and better training for law enforcers regarding drug detecting, drug eradication, etc.,

d. Making more baggage and personal checks for everyone without consideration to someoneís job, title, etc.;

3. Calls Upon Nations to reduce the supply and availability of drugs therefore eliminating harvesting and cultivation of drugs by encouraging those who do so to switch to other profitable crops and alternate sources of income through:

a. Community development project,

b. Income generating projects,

c. Natural resource management;

4. Suggests Nations not to leave drug addicts to suffer in jails, etc. but will try to rehabilitate them back to normal and erase drug addiction from their future lives.

5. Further Invites the UN to make more means of rehabilitation for drug addicts like:

a. Setting up rehabilitation centers around the world that the UN would be in charge of

b. Providing Psychological counseling so that addicts would learn more about addiction and eventually be convinced of their wrong behavior, etc.,

c. Providing sufficient care and medication for addicts so they do not have harsh withdraw symptoms while they try to break their addiction.

6. Emphasizes that often the aids that is sent to drug producing and trafficking countries is diverted to the hands of drug lords instead of anti-drug organizations.

7. Further resolves the creation of UNDERO (United Nations Drug Eradication and Rehabilitation Organization) as soon as this resolution is passed. This organization will replace all other organizations. This organization will:

a. Promote coordination and cooperation with other regional and international organizations involved in drug control and education activities,

b. Aim to reduce and prevent cultivation, production, trafficking and abuse of drugs,

c. Network with research institutions and associations to secure information, technical expertise, and research related to drug control and rehabilitation,

d. Provide new economic opportunities and plans to regions that are changing from drug cultivation,

e. Assist Legal and Global enforcement by providing expert training, investigation techniques, and operational equipment.

8. Urges that all nations prosecute all drug dealers as first-degree murderers and be punished according to the countries of laws. Because there actions have taken the lives of many;

9. Condemns that countries that legalize drugs and urges them to ban drug.

10. Wishes that Nations will think wisely and clearly toward this issue and pass this resolution.

 

 

 

 

Main submitter: United Kingdom (PASSED)

Co-Submitter: Russia

Co-Signers: Thailand, India, Armenia, USA, Qatar, and Japan

Author: Mohammad Ben Essa

Defining drugs as "A chemical substance, such as a narcotic or hallucinogen, that affects the central nervous system, causing changes in behavior and often addiction",

Noting with deep concern the 25% increase since 1988 of illegal drug trafficking in nation worldwide according to a UN survey,

Stating that drugs worldwide are increasing in an amount that is starting to go out of control due to the carelessness of the government, by not trying hard enough and not surrounding the border according to the UN website,

Has considered that drug addicts are increasing their chance of getting HIV\Aids through SHARING NEEDLES according to BBC.com,

Keeping in mind that drugs are responsible for the deaths of 52,000 people a year, and the cost of the problem adds up to $110 billion a year according to CNN.com,

Having Studied that if drugs are to be left unchecked, illegal drugs will cost the world up to 1000,000 deaths and trillions of dollars over the next decade according to Cnn.com,

Regretting that according to CNN.com that drug usage amount has risen by 15% since 1990,

Appreciating the fact that the UN has passed multiple resolutions in the effort of decreasing this problem according to www.un.org,

1) Resolves the formation of the UNODC (The United Nations Organizations for Drug Control) which would be responsible for all aforementioned, the location of headquarters would be formed in Geneva, Switzerland, which is a neutral country, which will be formed as soon as this resolution is passed;

2) Encourages all nations to allow the UNODC to secure:

a) Sea Borders, through radar,

b) Land Borders, through border patrol,

c) Air Borders, through radar,

d) The counties military force and equipment will aid the security of sea, land, and air borders;

3) Recommends all nations to allow the UNODC to position private rehabilitation centers in each area of the country, due to the 15% increase in the amount of drugs since 1990, in which:

a) Developed countries that do not have private rehabilitation programs allow the UNODC to set up to build them,

b) Undeveloped countries allow the UNODC to set up private mobile clinics with available medical supplies, which are relatively cheaper, and it would be supplied by the UNODC,

4) Proclaims that the UNODC would supply the drug addicts with all kinds of new up to date medical equipment that would help the addicts to get de-addicted;

5) Draws the attention to the fact that drug addiction affects individuals, families, society, and country:

a) Physically: drugs cause people to suffer from problems in the nervous system,

b) Mentally: drugs cause changes in the behavior and very often addiction, proving that drugs have a negative effect, which increase the amount of disabled people in the world;

6) Urges that the UNODC to further alert people about the effects of drugs by:

a. Publicity through articles in magazines, newspapers, handouts, etc.: The UNODC will provide the magazines and handouts needed to all countries to help decrease the amount of drug usage worldwide,

b. Forming a drug awareness month: The formation of drug awareness month will be established in every country, the country will decide were anyhow will they hold and organize it due to the diverse cultural or religious beliefs,

c. Advertisements on television and radio;

7) Recommends that:

a. Women, the young, the poor, refugees and ethnic and religious minorities need easier access to early intervention and services,

b. Once in treatment, drug abusers should be given job training and referral assistance in finding housing and reintegration into society,

c. Dug abusers who commit crimes require alternative treatment in order to break the cycle of drug abuse and crime by referring them to de-addiction centers;

8) Request all member states to encourage those who cultivate illicit crops such as the opium poppy or coca plant, to switch to other profitable crops and alternative sources of income, through:

a. Alternative development projects like community development, which aim at improving the socio-economic quality of life of targeted population providing them with education especially the illegal crop cultivators,

b. Natural resources management,

c. Income-generating projects;

9) Further resolves that drug dealers will be sentenced according to the country's religious and diplomatic laws, and drug addicts will be sent to rehabilitation centers, until they overcome their addiction.

 

 

 

 

 

Forum: ECOSOC

Issue: The Question of International terrorism

Main Submitter: Japan

Co-Submitter: U.S.A

Co-Signers: Pakistan, Argentina, Italy, Turkey, United Kingdom

Author: Saud Al Aujan

Defining International Terrorism as "The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons,"

Noting that the P.O.W.s of Kuwait have lasted twelve years in the Iraqi prisons with no information about them, as stated by International Committee of the Red Cross,

Referring to the almanac, that there is an increase of the numbers of international terrorist acts annually,

Bearing in mind that according to CNN, more than 3,000 people died by the terrorist acts on the World Trade Center in New York, USA,

Noting that according to the almanac that 405-person dies and 791-person wounded through 423 terrorist acts annually,

Recognizing that international terrorism causes a lot of harms including deaths, loss of money, hatred and wars between two nations, and massive destruction,

Approving the Security Councilís resolution number 1373 adopted on 28 of September 2001, talking about international terrorism,

Applauding the actions of the by Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) which is part of The Center for International Crime Prevention (CICP) and the UN Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (ODCCP) and NCMPA for their acts of trying to stop international terrorism and bringing the P.O.Ws,

Welcoming the US efforts and the US Anti-Terrorism Campaign to eliminate terrorism,

 

1. Resolves that the United Nations will form an organization that handles terrorism called The United Nations Anti-Terrorism Organization (UNATO) and the goal is to stop international terrorism as will be mentioned in the following clauses;

2. Further Resolves that member countries of the UN are members of UNATO

3. Noting that UNATOís summits will be held at Geneva every 6 months and after every international terrorist attack and member ports should attend;

4. Confirms that UNATO members should send monthly reports regarding the ports security and UNATO will send a report to the federal aeronautic agency about any port that fails in security of the port;

5. Encourages countries to secure their ports heavily and especially international ports either the arrivals or the departures by:

a. sea: by sending agents to check sea ports and sea patrol,

b. land: by sending agents to check land borders and border patrol,

c. air: by sending agents to check airports;

d. that there will be a financial aid to all countries that have heavily secured ports;

6. Regrets the nations that are supporting the Iraqi government on its terrorist actions;

7. Encourages countries that home international terrorists to fight international terrorism within them by:

a. Using military force: fighting the terrorist militia

b. Abounding terrorist from society: to have no political, economical, or social relations with the terrorists

c. Trying to negotiate to force out terrorist

d. Stopping terrorists from leaving the country

8. Stating that the countries who are fighting terrorist should receive financial and medical aid from the UN;

9. Draws attention to that UNATO will form a sub-organization that handles the Iraqi conflict with its neighbors that will:

a. look at the Iraqi people that are suffering and provide them with food and shelter,

b. let the Iraqi government supply them with information about the Kuwaiti P.O.Ws and whether they are dead or alive,

c. make sure that the other nations wonít be suffering from lack of safety because of the Iraqís terrorism,

d. provide these groups with weapons in order to overthrow the Iraqi government;

10. Recommends all nations to have standby workers who are trained to handle of terrorism issues who are capable of handling them;

11. Emphasize that all nations must increase security within their countries, and make strict punishments to those who are a part of terrorist groups and destroy them according to the countryís constitution.

 

 

 

 

Issue: Measures to ensure the rights of minorities within a country (Passed)

Main Submitter : Nigeria

Co-submitter: Liberia, South Africa

Co-signers: Australia, Japan, Lebanon, Italy, Egypt, Brazil, Turkey, Russia, Qatar, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and USA

Author: Amna Al Sager

 

Defining Minorities " a racial, religious, or other group different from the larger group of which it is part",

Bearing in Mind "Minorities" start of with small problems but then lead to wars,

Further recalling that most minorities are being banned from their rights,

Having considered 10% to 20% of the world's population belongs to minorities (according to the UN),

Welcoming the fact that the UN has launched a new guideline at the Durban International Seminar for the "Cooperation for the Better Protection of the Rights of Minorities",

Approving: that the UN has launched The Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities that makes recommendations to the Commission concerning the prevention of discrimination against racial, religious and linguistic minorities,

Reaffirming: One of the basic aims of the UN is to promote and encourage respectful human rights and fundamental freedom for all without distinction of race, caste, sex, language, or religion,

Deeply concerned: that the UN has only launched seminars about the issue of "the rights of minorities", and, until now, hasnít launched an organization that will act to help these minorities.

 

1. Draws the attention to the importance of minorities around the world since they add to the cultural structure of nations;

2. Resolves that the UN will launch an organization that will be called the United Nationís Organization for the Protection of the Rights of the Minorities (UNOPRM), which will have:

a. number of seats for the minorities that have applied as members,

b. its headquarters in New York,

c. a meeting every 3 years in New York;

4. Notes that any group of people or tribe that is more than 3% and less than 25% of a countries population will be considered a minority and will be able to apply to be a member of the UNOPRM;

5. Confirms that the government of each country should assign a minister who will represent the minorities of his country and will try to solve the problems through the government and take the help of UNOPRM if the government fails to resolve;

6. Resolves that the UNOPRM will make sure that: -

a. any minority that has been banned from its rights will be able to file a complaint,

b. once a complaint is filed against a majority or minority, a representative from that majority or minority will be asked to attend the meeting, and will be questioned and will be asked to cooperate without violence, the minority or majority will be asked to apologize if it has been proved guilty in violating the rights of any minority, and if it has committed a serious crime, or vandalized any of the minorities possessions they will be fines a significant amount of money that will cover the costs,

c. all member minorities will stand together and solve their problems in peace,

d. if a member minority has showed any violence against another tribe or minority or majority as an act of revenge or any other reason that is not acceptable, it will be expelled immediately from the organization;

7. Recommends that the UNOPRM should ask the countries to:

a. reserves seats for minorities in education institutions, services, and political wings which will allow them to come to the same level as the rest of the population,

b. develop infrastructures of the areas where the minorities mostly live and provide medical help and food supply to them,

c. Provide equality of status, opportunity, and equality before law;

8. Urges the member states to ensure that the minorities participate fully in the economic progress and development of the country;

9. Further advises the governments to:

a. protect the existence of the minorities within their respected territories and allow them to have the right to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practice their own religion, and use their own language without any discrimination,

b. take measures to ensure that the minorities may exercise all their human rights and fundamental freedoms without any discrimination;

10. Requests That if a minority has been seriously violated more than 3 times, the Security Council will take action, and try to resolve the problem;

11. Expresses its hopes that all countries present in this event will vote for this resolution to make the world a better place, free of discrimination and oppression;

 

 

 

 

FORUM: ECOSOC (Passed)
QUESTION OF: Palestine and the peace process in the Middle East
Main Submitter: Cuba
Co-Submitters: Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Qatar, Azerbaijan, Lebanon, Australia.

Defining the question of Palestine is the fact, if Palestine does indeed exist after the foray of Israel? And if it does- what is its current status in the world? Palestine is an invaded country in the Middle East. Peace process is the agreement that is trying to stop the feuding between the Palestinians and Israelis,

Believing that the land Israel has occupied is Palestinian territory,

Firmly Believing that the failure to resolve the grievances of the Palestinians is the root cause for political instability and conflict in the Middle East,

Keeping in Mind that no peace talks have paid off and regretting the indifference of Israel and USA to the eight Ėpoint peace plan first initiated by King Fahed in 1981,

Recalling the UNís previous relevant resolution number 242, which was submitted by the UK, which stated that Israeli armed forces will withdraw from territories occupied in the recent conflict,

Emphasizes rejection and defiance of Israel to resolutions of the UN and has continued to do what it pleases,

Deeply Disturbed by the atrocities caused by the Israelis on the Palestinian civilians and their illegal acts of violence on the social and economic infrastructure of the occupied territories including Jerusalem,

Confident that all countries present here donít condone the acts of a war criminal,

Emphasizing that neither medics, UN inspectors nor the media have been allowed access to what is happening, which includes barbarous and inhumane acts,

Welcoming the cooperation of the international community and Arab nations in supporting the Arab initiated peace plan, so as to enable Arab states and Israel to stop the present inferno,

Deeply Conscious that www.bbc.co.uk, stated that 200 civilian Palestinians died in itís sweeping "10 day offensive" on the West Bank, and since the offensive launch, March 29, more than 200 have been killed and over 1,200 injured.

1- Demands that Israel cease-fire immediately;

2-Calls upon all nations present today to take a moment of silence in remembrance of those who died in unequal battle whilst trying to bring peace and justice to this region;

3-Urges the Government of Israel:

a) To cease its measures against the Palestinian people, in particularly the closure of the occupied Palestinian territory, the enforced isolation the Palestinian towns, the destruction of homes and the isolation of Jerusalem,

b) To prevent any new installations of settlers in the occupied territories,

c) To reverse its settlement policy in the occupied territories, including East Jerusalem, and to stop the expansion of existing settlements,

d) To implement the recommendations regarding the settlements made by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in her report to the Commission at its 57th session on her visit to the occupies Palestinian territories, Israel, Egypt and Jordan,

e) To take and implement measures including the confiscation of arms with the aim of preventing illegal acts of violence by the Israeli settlers and the other measure to guarantee the safety and protection the Palestinian civilians in the occupied territories;

4- Draws Attention that there are many Palestinian refugees and all should be able to return to their land with the provision of:

a) Getting their Palestinian passport back,

b) All possessions are returned;

5-Resolves that Israel withdraws to the 1967 borders and will do so immediately, if not we urge the UN and all countries supporting this resolution will deal with this disobedience by:

a) Economic sanctions,

b) Suspend diplomatic relations since "Some countries are in favor of introducing sanctions, very, very, soon." Joseph Pique Spanish foreign minister, holding the EU presidency,


c) Urges the SC to send in international peacekeeping troops;

6-Further Resolving that a Palestinian state will be formed with the help of all countries that want a Palestinian state and all supporting countries will help in:

a. Enabling that Palestinian people to form their own institutions,

b. Assisting the Palestinian economic and social development.

 

 

 

 

ICJ 2002 Settlements

 

The Case of Libya versus the UK

1- Libya will be compensated for the amount cause by the sanctions in the period prior to and after the UN sanctions; the amount to be determined by the IMF/Arab League.

2- UK Sanctions should be lifted immediately.

3- Argentina will send a team to monitor compliance with the Montreal connector on both sides to file a report yearly.

 

The case of DR Congo versus Uganda

1. The ICJ requests that the SC issue an order to Uganda to withdraw its draws from DR Congo by January 3, 2002 and station peace-keeping forces in the area they now occupy.

2. The ICJ orders compensation to be paid by the two governments as follows:

a. Uganda will pay the cost of the downed Boeing 747.

b. Uganda will pay the price of the destroyed dam.

c. Uganda will pay the price of the plundered resources in Eastern Congo.

d. DR Congo will pay for the prices of the destroyed embassy in Kinshasa.

3. The IMF will