Country: South Korea (The Republic of Korea)
Event: Pearl-MUN 2002
Student: Ahmad Al Shamari
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South Korea, formally called "The Republic of Korea" under the constitution of Korea in 1987. The Republic of Korea is a democratic country. Its president has an extensive executive power, which can be used in a 5-year term. He is directly elected, then he appoints a prime minister and a cabinets. He assigns the judges for the highest court, Supreme Court.
Korea has a National Assembly, which acts as a governing structure. It consists of 299 members elected for a 4-year term, 237 members are elected directly, and 62 members are selected by means of system proportional representation.
South Korea is divided into nine provinces and seven cities (Seoul, Pusan, Taegu, Taejon, Kwangju, Inch’on, and Ulsan) with provincial status. The provincial governors and mayors of those cities were chosen by the president, but now they are elected publicly.
The judiciary system is out of the government system ant there is a constitution protecting those judges from removing only when impeachment or a prison sentence. The highest court in South Korea is the Supreme Court, consisting of 14 justices including the chief justice, all appointed by the president with the consent of the National Assembly. Below the Supreme Court are five appellate courts, located in Seoul, Pusan, Taegu, Taejon, and Kwangju. Then we have district courts that are for criminal cases. There is a family court, in Seoul, dealing with domestic matters. The Supreme Court serves as court of final appeal. A separate court of 9 judges judge on political and constitutional problems.
There are two major political parties in South Korea, Grand National Party (GNP), with the National Congress for New Politics (NCNP). Before a long time, many of these parties were divided into many small minor parties.
Korea has a great natural resources quantity. It has a high quantity of coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, gold, silver, lead, and hydropower.
As a country with a lot of 22% arable land, it has a variety of crops, such as rice, onions, potatoes, soybeans, barley, melons, and apples.
Rice crops are a 65% planted crop, however, it is still insufficient for the people of South Korea. Foresting in Korea is low too. South Korea has the biggest fishing fleet in the world in the 1960.
Korea is located in Eastern Asia, exactly on the Southern part of the Korean Peninsula. It borders the Sea of Japan and Yellow sea. It is 98500 km2 about the same size of Indiana. It ranges more precisely at 37 00 N, 127 30 E. the Capital is Seoul. It has a 2413 km long coastline that is in the west and south. The only land boundary is between her and DPR, which is 238 km long.
The climate of South Korea is moderate. From cold dry winters to hot summers with heavy monsoons. Terrain is not that smooth but ruff, starting with hills and ending with mountains. The lowest point is in the Sea of Japan (0 m) and the highest peak in Korea is Halla-san (1950m). It also has an extinct volcano on Chenju Island.
Korea is an ally to USA. Its mostly depends on USA for protection, since its tense times with Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPR Korea). USA has placed 32000 army personnel, 12000 Air Force Personnel, and 500 officers from Navy and Marine Corps.
South Korea's defense units are divided into 5 branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and National Maritime Police (Coast Guard). The Republic of Korea's government pays 9.9 billion every year for military and defense (mostly to the US troops).
At 1990, The Republic of Korea made contracts with companies to produce army tanks, self propelled and towed field guns, two types of helicopters and two types of armored cars. As for the Navy, the company made indigenous designed vessels, of course with the help of Allied USA.
The Republic of Korea is now under control of all recent wars. It can demolish the DPR Korea troops whenever they attack. It also receives aid and backup larger then what they can ever receive.
In 1998, total military forces stood at 672,000. Membership was as follows: army, 560,000; navy, 60,000; and air force, 52,000. Reserve forces total 4.5 million. While the presidents commands all those units.
South Korea has a population of 46,884,800 (as of 1998). The growth rate in it is 1.02% (as in 1997). South Korea is a big family, because its inhabitants are homogeneous. This is a disadvantage for South Korea, because the relations between her and North Korea is tense at the time been. If you pass through any of these countries, you will not know which is a Northern or a Southern. Korea's first tongue is Korean, next comes English, the 1st language in the world.
Korea embraces a lot of religions, but most of its inhabitants are Christians 49%, then Buddhist 47%, Confucianism 3% (a religion that reformed many of Korea's ethics), then 1% for other religions. Neither the people nor the government caused any friction to any of those religions.
Booming through the toughest disasters, to get a terrific achievement of $144 billion export money is a great job for South Korea. South Korea places its economy on 5: manufacturing; agriculture; fishing, lumberjacking, and mining; transportation; and trade. USA imports 17% of Korea exports, EU 13%, and Japan 12%.
Of course South Korea has a 60$ billion debt to the World Bank. If it did not get it, it wouldn’t have changed a thing in its economical status. It also got a 154$ billion external debt. South Korea's currency is WON.
Views on World Problems:
Republic of Korea is a main enemy to Democratic People of Korea and an ally to America as a gratitude to US strong support during the Korean War.
However, DPR relations with Republic of Korea are getting better. For example, in the North-South Korean Summit at June 13, 2000, the two presidents agreed on several agreements on POWs, reuniting families, and refugees. They have also reopened the border liaison office between and reconnected a railway from the two capitols.
China is an enemy to Republic of Korea, but not publicly. They have some hate between them because China helped DPR in the Korean War.
Korea is in many Organizations, such as AFDC, APEC, AsDB, BIS, CCC, CP, EBRD, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE (partner), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMOGIP, UNOMIG, UNU, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTOO, WTRO, ZC.
At 1910, Korea was invaded by Japan. Then was freed after WW2 and divided into Soviet (north) and US (South) zones. The South improved itself and became one of the best economical countries.
North Korea launched a full-scale military attack in June 1950, which began the Korean War. The war totally disrupted South Korean life and politics, Recovery from the war was slow. Rhee was unable to produce any significant economic development despite much US aid.
The military ruling group, led by Park Chung Hee, governed by decree until October 1963, when Park was narrowly elected President. He launched energetic economic reforms and, despite widespread opposition from students and others, concluded a treaty with Japan in 1965, dropping Korean demands for war reparations, in return for economic aid. Japanese capital soon began to flow into Korea. The country also earned foreign exchange by sending troops and contract workers to aid the United States during the Vietnam War. The consequence was a dramatic spurt of industrialization and export growth, with GDP growth 10 per cent annually.
Little was left to chance in Park’s government. His Democratic Republican Party, which by its control of funds, dominated politics, and patronage easily overwhelmed all opposition groups. In addition, the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA), responsible for intelligence and anti-North operations, carried out surveillance and intimidation of domestic dissidents. In 1972, Park declared martial law and introduced the new yushin ("revitalizing") constitution, allowing him to stay in office indefinitely. In the following months, numerous emergency measures restricted civil liberties and removed political opponents. Under these controls, the economy achieved spectacular growth, and South Korea’s exports flooded Western markets. Nevertheless, dissatisfaction with Park’s rule increased.
In the early morning hours of September 1, 1983, a Korean Air Lines jet, en route from New York to Seoul, was shot down when it strayed over Soviet territory; all 240 passengers and 29 crew members were killed. The South Korean government demanded a formal apology from the USSR and held mass demonstrations to protest against the incident; the Soviets countered that the airplane had been on a spy mission. (In October 1992 Russian President Boris Yeltsin released information from KGB files that tended to support South Korea’s contentions.) Relations between North and South Korea, which had been tense during the late 1960s and at times during the 1970s, continued to be troubled. For example, on October 9, 1983, President Chun’s official visit to. Relations between the two countries began to improve, however, in the mid-1980s. In 1986, the border with North Korea was opened to allow family visits for the first time since the end of the Korean War.
In legislative elections held in April 1996, the ruling NKP won 139 out of the 299 seats to become the largest parliamentary bloc, but was only able to form a governing majority after some opposition legislators and independents joined its ranks. Proposals for peace talks with North Korea, to replace the 1953 armistice that ended the Korean War with a more substantial agreement, became intertwined with the issue of food aid for the rapidly collapsing North Korean economy.
In January 1998, president-elect Kim Dae Jung has determined introduction of economic reforms demanded by the IMF secured a restructuring of South Korea’s short-term debt, while citizens began donating gold to offset the nation’s foreign exchange crisis. Officially inaugurated in February 1998, the new President Kim faced a GNP boycott of his ministerial appointments, but secured agreement with South Korea’s trade unions on labor reforms. In the same month, North Korea unexpectedly proposed direct talks with South Korea. The first talks were duly held in Beijing in April, but broke down over North Korea’s linking of food-aid issues with other political priorities. The GNP ended its boycott in August 1998 and officially approved Kim Jong Pil, Kim Dae Jung's nominee as Prime Minister. In September 1998, a GNP member defected to Kim's government, giving him a narrow working legislative majority. By 1999, restructuring and adherence to strict IMF conditions were bringing some economic recovery in South Korea.
The Question of Drugs usage, Drugs trafficking, and rehabilitation programs:
As the economy of the world rises, the criminal organizations and their resources are getting more. Criminals these days are a main and serious issue to most countries, especially to the countries with a family of one, like Korea. All the citizens are from a same family. Nevertheless, Korea is experiencing an organized crime problem.
The Korean economy is rising rapidly, so the gangs have fresh resources in Korea. The Korean Gangs are expanding there nature of crime, from extortion and violence-to-hire, to usury, fraud and liquidation of bankrupt enterprises.
Korea is now facing that problem, with its excellent law enforcement; it made a big change in the legal tools and system. Producing a legal system, that its name is fear in the heart of gangs. Korea has a high Security Witness Protection, and laws to punish any retaliators. Moreover, money laundering is punished regularly and severely. In conclusion, Korea has the problem nearly under-control.
The problem of international Terrorism:
Terrorism has become a serious issue to the world, and international security. All countries should work together to fight Terrorism and cut it from its roots. We should stop terrorism before it stops us. Stopping terrorism is a task that achieves when all countries stick together against terrorists. Also by giving humans there full rights.
Korea is a country who embraces peace, for which it has touched the darkest war in all humankind, with some of there own family.
The Question of Palestine and the Peace Process in the Middle East:
Israel has forced it way in Palestine, and naturally Palestinian have resisted, it is also a right for them to resist. Peace process in a forced occupied line is impossible.
Korea states that Israel should stop Construction on a land that rightfully is not there's. It also states that the peace progress is still in the darkest alleys, while all the attempts to get the progress to view are hopeless.
Minorities in the world are a major problem; sometimes they can affect the economy of that country. Korea is a country with no minorities because all its inhabitants are from the same family
However, there is a sad fact that Koreans in Japan are treated unfairly. Those Koreans have no Japanese passports, and the Japanese do not allow them to marry from them. Korea supports human rights, and excellent evidence to that is that a Noble Prize was given to its president for respecting Human Rights.
Ahmad Al Shammari
Delegation: South Korea
Issue: The Question of Drug Usage, trafficking, and rehabilitation programs.
Defining drugs are a "chemical substance that affects the central nervous system causing changes in human's behavior and often addiction,
Deeply disturbed by the 25% increase since 1988 of illegal trafficking according to UN,
Noting with deep concern that drugs murdered over 70,000 souls and lost over 115$ dollars,
Taking in Consideration that drugs affects individuals, groups, communities, and countries; physically and mentally,
Alarmed by drugs causing HIV, AIDS and Hepatitis B deadly diseases. Those diseases will increase the amount of abnormal people,
Aware of those drugs are made and produced by many uncivilized countries. In addition, some countries plant them as a major income for its economy,
Reminding of the anti-terrorist war by the US is stopping many drugs from exiting Afghanistan,
Declaring that drugs are increasing in a very rapid way due to careless and irresponsible countries that are not trying to secure there borders,
Expecting that if drugs are not tackled immediately, millions of lives will be lost and trillion of dollars will be lost,
1. Requests a new organization that replaces all other drug control organization called UNIDCO (United Nations International Drug Control Organization). This organization handle this resolution after approving it;
2. Trusts that all countries secure there borders
A. Sea Border by the highest detecting technology and techniques, that detects moving ships,
B. Air Borders by the highest detecting technology and techniques, that detects moving Planes,
C. Land Border by the highest detecting technology and techniques, and border patrol,
D. Those Devices will detect vehicles coming and going, so any illegal or suspicious vehicles will be checked for drugs trafficking and those Technique and Technologies will be provided by the UNIDCO.;
3. Suggest that the UN aids the countries to tighten there borders by military aids;
4. Strongly Recommends that all nations provide rehabilitation centers that can cover there nation.
A. Undeveloped Countries that cant build those rehabilitation centers, set up a mobile clinic with supplies,
B. Developed Countries build rehabilitation center In order to encourage addicts to end there addiction in a kindly way, the UNIDCO will supply them with new up to date medical equipment that will help them;
5. Condemns countries that legalize drugs and urges them to illegalize it;
6. Request the aid of Interpol actions in international airports and harbors to detect drugs by the highest techniques and technologies;
7. Resolves by giving financial aids to countries that depend on drugs as a major income, by building projects that brings high value of revenues;
8. Further Reminds that nations further alert about drugs in many ways such as:
A. Forming a drugs awareness month: making speeches and awareness programs,
B. Education: through schools curriculum,
C. Mass Media: including Radio, TV, and written pieces,
D. Those alerts will improve the citizen's knowledge about drugs, and may keep them away from it permanently;
9. Further Confirms that in all nations, drugs dealer penalty should be punished equally as a first-degree murderer, because drug dealers killed many souls with there drugs;
10. Further Reminds that all drug dealers must be punished, by the country that it was caught in. The drug dealer must not get any appeals from his country to stop his punishment.
I KNOW HANESHEKA
Honorable Chair, Fellow Delegates,
Standing in front of you is your upcoming host of FIFA 2002, the winner of the noble prize of respecting Human Rights, but that doesn’t mean Korea is a paradise, but its trying to… it overcame slavery in WW2… survived a brutal war between its fellow family… and achieved an Dragon-like economy while recovering from an Asian economic crisis.
Yet South Korea, in this committee is interested in attacking an enemy to humanity, a butcher of our kids, a parasite in our body… DRUGS! Drugs are parasiting on our kids bodies… killing them… while many nations are lazy to lift a finger.
Hoping today for the world to put an end to drug's massacre. Today Korea merged a powerful effective resolution with Italy… Korea hopes honorable delegates to approve it
Kumsa Neeta… thank you!!!