Delegation: Ireland (Eire)

Event: AISMUN 2003

Students: Amna Al Sager Al Sager

Forum: Security Council

 

 


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The Irish National Anthem

 



Ireland

As Gaeilge:

Seo dhibh a chairde duan Oglaigh,
Cathreimeach briomhar ceolmhar,
Ar dtinte cnamh go buacach taid,
'S an speir go min realtogach
Is fonnmhar faobhrach sinn chun gleo
'S go tiunmhar gle roimh thiocht do'n lo
Fe chiunas chaomh na hoiche ar seol:
Seo libh canaidh Amhran na bhFiann

Curfa:
Sinne Firnna Fail
A ta fe gheall ag Eirinn,
buion dar slua
Thar toinn do rainig chugainn,
Fe mhoid bheith saor.
Sean tir ar sinsir feasta
Ni fhagfar fe'n tioran na fe'n trail
Anocht a theam sa bhearna bhaoil,
Le gean ar Ghaeil chun bais no saoil
Le guna screach fe lamhach na bpilear
Seo libh canaidh Amhran na bhFiann.

Cois banta reidhe, ar ardaibh sleibhe,
Ba bhuachach ar sinsir romhainn,
Ag lamhach go trean fe'n sar-bhrat sein
Ta thuas sa ghaoith go seolta
Ba dhuchas riamh d'ar gcine chaidh
Gan iompail siar o imirt air,
'S ag siul mar iad i gcoinne namhad
Seo libh, canaidh Amhran na bhFiann

Curfa

A bhuion nach fann d'fhuil Ghaeil is Gall,
Sin breacadh lae na saoirse,
Ta sceimhle 's scanradh i gcroithe namhad,
Roimh ranna laochra ar dtire.
Ar dtinte is treith gan spreach anois,
Sin luisne ghle san speir anoir,
'S an biobha i raon na bpilear agaibh:
Seo libh, canaidh Amhran na bh Fiann.

Curfa


English:
We'll sing song, a soldier's song,
With cheering rousing chorus,
As round our blazing fires we throng,
The starry heavens o'er us;
Impatient for the coming fight,
And as we wait the morning's light,
Here in the silence of the night,
We'll chant a soldier's song.

Chorus:
Soldiers are we
whose lives are pledged to Ireland;
Some have come
from a land beyond the wave.
Sworn to be free,
No more our ancient sire land
Shall shelter the despot or the slave.
Tonight we man the gap of danger
In Erin's cause, come woe or weal
'Mid cannons' roar and rifles peal,
We'll chant a soldier's song

In valley green, on towering crag,
Our fathers fought before us,
And conquered 'neath the same old flag
That's proudly floating o'er us.
We're children of a fighting race,
That never yet has known disgrace,
And as we march, the foe to face,
We'll chant a soldier's song

Chorus

Sons of the Gael! Men of the Pale!
The long watched day is breaking;
The serried ranks of Inisfail
Shall set the Tyrant quaking.
Our camp fires now are burning low;
See in the east a silv'ry glow,
Out yonder waits the Saxon foe,
So chant a soldier's song.






Ireland






 

COUNTRY PROFILE

 

 

Political structure:

Irelandís government became a parliamentary republic after gaining its independence from the United Kingdom (by a treaty) on the 6th on December 1921. Ireland is famous for celebrating its well-known national holiday, Saint Patrickís Day, on the 17th of March.

Ireland uses a legal system that is based on the English common law, but it has been slightly modified by indigenous concepts. For example, the legal review of governmental acts in the Supreme Court has not accepted compulsory ICJ control.

Irelandís government is divided into 3 main branches, the Executive branch, the Legislative branch, and the judicial branch.

The Executive branch consists of the chief of state, head of government, and a cabinet (that is appointed by the chief of state).

The Legislative branch consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has 60 seats. 49 seats are elected by universities and from candidates put forward by 5 vocational panels. The supreme minister nominates the other 11 seats. Meanwhile the House of Representatives has 166 seats. The public, according to the most popular votes, elects the members.

Last but not least, the judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court in which the judges are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet.

Ireland is democratic therefore the power of the country is divided between all branches of the government. Some of the major political parties and leaders are: Fianna Fail, Fine Gael, Labor, Progressive Democrats, Green Party, Sinn Fein.

The executive branch and the Legislative branch have approximately equal amount of power over the country.

Natural Resources:

Ireland has an abundant supply of natural resources, such as: zinc, lead, natural gas, barite, copper, gypsum, limestone, dolomite, peat, and silver. Irelandís agriculture has a great rank in Irelandís economy, it consists of many products such as: cattle, meat, dairy products, potatoes, barely, sugar beets, hay, silage, and wheat.

Ireland has a wide range of products that it exports which earn $75.9 billion (est. 2001). These products are: machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, live animals, and animal products. The partners that Ireland usually trades with are: EU 63% (UK 20%, Germany 11%, France 8%, Netherlands 6%, Belgium 5%), US 20%.

Irelandís main imports are: data processing equipment, other machinery and equipment, chemicals; petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, and clothing. Ireland mainly imports oil from the countries of the Middle East, and particularly Iran.

Ireland had a wide range of agriculture and was a main exporter. As time went on the amount of agriculture in Ireland decreased and more modern products were consumed and produced in Ireland. Ireland still has agriculture to feed its citizens and, although there are many poor people on Ireland, no one in Ireland starves.

 

Cultural Facts:

When last calculated in July 2002, Ireland had a population of 3,883,159 citizens. The population rate in Ireland is 1.07%, with 14.62 births per 1000 population and 8.01 deaths per 1000 population. A male Irish person is called an Irishman, and a female Irish person is called an Irishwoman.

Irishwomen tend to live longer than Irishmen. The average life expectancy rate for all Irish citizens is 77.17 years of age. Irish women have a life expectancy of 80.12 years, and Irishmen have one of 74.41 years.

There are two main ethnic groups in Ireland, the Celtics and English. Compared to the Celtics, the English are considered a minority. There are also several religions in Ireland, such as: Roman Catholic 91.6%, Church of Ireland 2.5%, other 5.9%

Two main languages are used throughout Ireland. English is the more popular language, and is more generally used in everyday conversations. Irish (otherwise known as Gaelic) is spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard.

Ireland is proud to have approximately 98% of its population (that are above 15 years of age) that can read and write. Children of 5-14 years of age have a 100% enrollment rate in education, teenagers of 15 years have a 96% enrollment rate, mean while teenagers of 16 years of age have a 92% enrollment rate.

56% of Irelands citizens work in Services, 29% in industry, 10% in agriculture, and 5% in the government.

Ireland was estimated to have 1.59 million main telephone lines in use, 2 million cellular mobiles, 2.55 million radios, 1.82 million televisions, and 1.25 million internet users.

Several problems occurred between the protests and the Catholics, but the Irish government smoothed things between them by giving them equal rights and making sure they solve any major problems without violence.

The role of th Catholic Church is to spread education and advises about social, political, and moral problems.

 

Defense:

Irelands military has two chief branches. The Army, which includes Naval Service and Air Corps, and the National Polices (Garda Siochana).

The age limit for a man to enter the military is 17 years of age; no one under the age limit is permitted to enter the military.

The availability of military manpower from males of ages 15-49 is 1,013,739 in 2002, not all of who are fit to serve the military. The men that are actually fit to serve the military from ages 15-49 add up to 816,744 men. The males that are reaching the age limit annually are 32,287 men. The Irish Defense Forces consists of approximately 8,500 men and women.

The average military expenditures are not less than $700 million.

Ireland has a fairly small but strong military, mainly because Ireland believes that everything can be solved in peace and there is no need for such a big military. Ireland keeps its military as a stand-by and doesnít use it except if it is urgent .

 

Geography:

Ireland is located in Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain. The total area that Ireland occupies is 70,280 sq. km, 68,890 sq. km of which is land, and 1,390 sq. km is water. It is compared to be slightly larger than West Virginia. Its geographic coordinates is 53 00 N, 8 00 W. It has a large coastline of 1,448 km. Its capital is Dublin.

Irelandís climate is classified as temperate maritime, which is modified by North Atlantic Current. It has mild winters, cool summers, it is consistently humid, and is overcast about half the time.

20% of Irelands land is arable land. Ireland has no permanent crops.

Ireland suffers from a great amount of water pollution, especially pollution of lakes that is a result of agricultural runoff.

Ireland is a country that is rather isolated from many harmful countries and has a large access to water. Its location is very appropriate for a peaceful country. Except that is rather close to Great Britain and there has been many conflicts between them.

 

Views of world problems:

The United States and Ireland have always had similar values and political views. Now these relations have expanded because of the United States involvement in the Irish economy.

The United States has an embassy in Dublin, and Ireland has an embassy that is located in Washington DC. The ambassador that is representing Ireland in The United States is Sean OíHiuginn.

Ireland is a peaceful democratic country. Ireland has no major enemies and has good relations with almost every country. Ireland is against anything that violates human rights or causes harm to anyone. It is completely against terrorism and mass weapon production.

The relationship between Ireland and the UK is full of blood and violence since the UK have basically invaded Ireland and have caused many major problems inside the country. Theses bad relations grew even more during World War II. These problems still continue, and the citizens of Ireland continue their hatred towards the UK and it government.

 

Economy:

Irelandís economy depends on modern trade, its average growth is 9% in 1995-2001. A long time ago Agriculture was a very important sector of Irelandís economy. As time passed, industry took over that sector, and is now 38% of GDP, and 80% of Ireland's exports, and employs 28% of the labor force in Ireland, while agriculture composes only 4% of the GDP. Other services compose 58% of Irelandís GDP.

The Industrial products are: food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals, machinery, transportation equipment, glass and crystal, and software. The agricultural products are: turnips, barely, potatoes, sugar beets, wheat, beef, and dairy products.

Other than exports, the Irish government has put into practice many national economic programs, hoping to curb inflation, reduce government spending, increase labor force skills, and promote foreign investment. Ireland also was one of the European countries that joined in presenting the world with the new Euro currency system in 1999.

The economy felt the impact of the global economic slowdown in 2001, particularly in the high-tech export se; the growth rate was cut by nearly half. Growth in 2002 is expected to fall in the 3%-5% range.

In 2001, the total labor force in Ireland was 1.8 million and the unemployment rate was 4.3%. In 2001 the trade between Ireland and the US was worth about $25.7 billion. The export rate reached $75.9 billion in 2001 while the import rate reached $49.5 billion in the same year.

There are two currencies that are locally used in Ireland, the Euro (EUR) and the Irish pound (IEP).

The Celtic Tiger is the Republic of Ireland, which has benefited very greatly from its membership of the European Union, both through financial aid and through inward investment by companies opening factories in the country to gain access to European markets and take advantage of the country's low rate of corporation tax.

 

History:

Most of the Irish people are of Celtic origin, but there is a small minority that has descended from the Anglo-Normans (English). Many famous Anglo-Irish writers have made a great mark in the world of literature. The first people in Ireland were the people of the mid-stone age culture in 6000 BC. 4000 years later, tribes from southern Europe arrived and started the Neolithic culture. The Bronze-age people then followed them 1000 years later.

The Iron Age arrived abruptly in the fourth century BC with the invasion of the Celts, tall, energetic people who had spread across Europe and Great Britain in the preceding centuries. The Celts divided into five kingdoms in which, a rich culture flourished. This pagan society was dominated by druids--priests who served as educators, physicians, poets, diviners, and keepers of the laws and histories.

In 432 AD saint Patrick brought Christianity across the sea and into Ireland. He also introduced the Roman alphabet, which enabled Irish monks to preserve parts of the extensive Celtic oral literature.

Vikings than invaded Ireland for 200 years, they destroyed many towns and monasteries. The Vikings established Dublin and other seacoast towns but were eventually defeated and the people of Ireland were free from foreign invasions for the following 150 years.

In the 12th century, Pope Adrian IV granted overlordship of the island to Henry II of England, who began an epic struggle between the Irish and the English which not only burned intermittently for 800 years but which continues to affect Irish politics and bilateral relations to this day. In the early 17th century, Scottish and English Protestants were sent as colonists to the north of Ireland and the Pale around Dublin.

From 1800 to 1921, Ireland was an integral part of the United Kingdom. Religious freedom was restored in 1829. Then the British attempted to smash Sinn Fein awakened the Anglo-Irish War of 1919-1921.

The end of the war brought the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921, which established the Irish Free State of 26 counties within the British Commonwealth. In 1932, Eamon de Valera, the political leader of the forces initially opposed to the treaty, became prime minister, and a new Irish constitution was enacted in 1937.

Ireland was neutral in World War II. World War II was full of killing and violence, and Ireland did not believe in violence and terrorism and never will. The Irish government of Ireland finally declared it as a republic in 1948. This caused problems between the British and the Irish, since the British accused the Irish of being "traitors" and "Hitler Lovers".

In 1948 Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth and joined the European Community in 1973. At the end of 1969 a split occurred in the Irish Republican Army (IRA), which is the illegal military arm of the Sinn Fein party; the new "provisional" wing of the IRA was made up of radical nationalists. Brian Faulkner became leader of the Unionist party and prime minister of Northern Ireland in Mar., 1971, and began a policy of imprisoning IRA and other militants. However, the IRA and the Ulster Defense Association, a Protestant terrorist group, continued and even intensified their activities.

A peace settlement for Northern Ireland, known as the Good Friday Agreement, was approved in 1998, and is still being implemented.

The violent acts are still continuing to this day but are better than before and Irelandís government hope that eventually they will solve the problem of the IRA forever.

 

 

 

Policy Statements

 

1. Risk of nuclear proliferation and high tech weapons transfers to the Middle East and Central and South Asia.


Weapons are a big issue in Ireland since illegal weapons can be found everywhere. Many illegal terrorist groups have used these high tech weapons to accomplish their criminal acts. Many innocent Irish people, including children, have died as a result of these criminal acts. These terrorist groups have got their hands on some incredibly dangerous weapons that have caused major disasters in Ireland. That is why Ireland feels strongly about these weapons and believes that they should not be proliferated any where in the world. Especially in the Middle east and central and South Asia, where the citizens might not be as educated and not know the harms of these weapons and use them in the incorrect way. With ongoing crises situations, the people of the Middle east and central and South Asia crave for weapons to obtain their revenge against other countries that are harming them. The Middle east was always one big family, and their friendship should not be destroyed because of these weapons.

Ireland believes that countries should only use weapons to defend themselves against harm. Weapons should not be proliferated my any country, and should not be sold to any clan or group since they can fall in the wrong hands. If the countries of the Middle East start wars, the abundant supply of oil that exists in their countries will go to waste and that will change the economy of many countries. The only thing that weapons will do is increase the killing and violence in this world and grow hatred in the hearts of many.

 

 

2. Review of the complex emergency situation in Somalia.

Every person deserves to live in peace, away from any violence and starvation. There a several Irish people that are extremely poor, but none of them suffer from starvation. The Irish government along with the European Union provides these people with food. Violence is another issue that the people of Ireland have witnessed in the past. It is not an appealing sight and no one deserves to witness it. The issue in Somalis is a rather complicated situation and cannot be solved easily. The violence that is taking place there at this very minute is unbelievable. Of course the people of Somalia are used to this violence now. The United Nations are trying their best to deliver humanitarian services for the citizens that are suffering from starvation and many other dreadful diseases, but the terrorist clans and warlords are not helping by stealing and increasing violence.

Ireland believes that this problem must be stopped. It will obviously take more than one try, but the United Nations should not give-up and keeps trying to solve this tremendously serious issue. All nations should contribute, with humanitarian services, food, money, or even ideas, so they work together to help the people of Somalia and assemble world peace.

 

 

3. Elimination of international terrorism.

Ireland has suffered from enough terrorism to last a lifetime. Whether the source for this terrorism was a neighboring country or its own citizens. Terrorism is a short word that describe unbelievable horrifying acts that a human being or a group of human beings to for town beliefs. Terrorism is blood, death, and tears. Many Irish children were left as orphans because of terrorism. Many families were torn apart, many homes destroyed, and most importantly many dreams and hopes were extinguished.

God has honored human beings with the ability to comprehend, understand, and communicate. Ireland believes that human beings should use that gift to solve their problems without involving violence and death. The United Nation should definitely try all that is its power to try and solve this terrible problem that affects all the people from all corners of the world. Ireland believes that a treaty should be put together to end international terrorism and inside and outside countries. Severe consequences should also be the result if the rules of the treaty are violated.

 

 

4. Special humanitarian and disaster relief assistance in Afghanistan.

The people of Afghanistan are suffering from most of the issues previously mentioned. They suffer from starvation, terrorism, violence, death, and many other issues. The innocent people of Afghanistan are also suffering from poverty and this is all because of a minority of Afghanis that have their own opinion of what is right and what is wrong. Not only has this minority ruined the reputation of their own country, but they have also ripped apart many peopleís lives and dreams.

The Irish Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs, Ms. Liz O'Donnell has approved a package of assistance to the Afghanis. This package has about Ä5.02 million. Ä. 86 million of the package will be used for emergency assistance. The other Ä4.16 million will be spent on the reconstruction and recovery assistance. Ireland urges all other nations to do the same and contribute to save the lives of many innocent people and children. Ireland also hopes that the United Nations will take part in helping the Afghanis. Such as providing: medical aid, food and water, clothing, shelter, and other humanitarian services.

 

 

 

 

 

Security Council Clauses

 

1. Risk of nuclear proliferation and high tech weapons transfers to the Middle East and Central and South Asia.

1. Requests that every country must submit a monthly report that explains all the development and proliferation of weapons in the country in private, governmental and any other sector,

2. Urges the Security Council (with the approval of the Country) to send specialized staff members and investigators to monthly check any country from the Middle East and Central and South Asia that cause any type of suspicion, and make sure that there is no trade or proliferation of un-authorized or illegal high tech or nuclear weapons,

3. Trusts that the Security Council will determine the incentives that will be given to the countries that cooperate and allow the investigators to inspect their country,

4. Further Requests that the Security Council confiscates any un-authorized or illegal high tech or nuclear weapons that are found in the Middle East and Central and South Asia,




2. Review of the complex emergency situation in Somalia.


1. Urges that the arms to prohibit the entering of any supply of weapons into Somalia directly or indirectly,

2. Requests the implementation of the Cairo Declaration on Somalia with the permission of all members of the Cairo Declaration on Somalia, so that they permit the Security Council to send a group of volunteers and staff member along with soldiers, who assure their safety, to do the following:
A. Send humanitarian services for the Somalis that are in need,
B. increase awareness against violence by providing public seminars, classes, and means of mass Media that explain the harms of violence and teach them more peaceful ways of understanding,
C. Allow the Security Council to take action if any threat to the safety of these volunteers and staff members has occurred,

3. Resolves the enhancement of the National Reconciliation Conference, so they do the following,
A. Hold a meeting every 3 months
B. Try and solve the problems between the tribes in a peaceful manner,
C. Think of ways to improve the lives of their citizens,
D. Transfer all complicated situations to the Security Council if it cannot be solved in the conference,

 



3. Elimination of international terrorism.


1. Urges the UN to assign specialized and educated staff members to research the reasons of international terrorism in all parts of the world, by doing the following:
A. Setting up a confidential website, that will not be accessible to the public, that allows anyone to complain against terrorism or any other problem that might lead to violence,
B. Performing interviews with people from the same cultural backgrounds and some terrorists,
C. Checking what psychologically pushes terrorists into performing brutal acts,
D. Any other research program that is necessary,

2. Invites all member states to report any signs or acts of terrorism in their country so the Security Council may take action, and to cooperate to stop terrorism and allow the Security Council to take action,

3. Requests the IMF to assemble a group of specialized researchers that will do the following after receiving permission from the country in which the actions will be taken:
A. Track-down from where terrorist groups receive their funding (by looking at the bank records and other sources)
B. submit all results to the Security Council to decide what action is to be taken,
C. try to solve these problems in a non-violent way if possible,

4. Resolves that all information from banks will be kept securely inside the IMF and Security Council and will be protected from the press and public,

5. Further Resolves the UN will do the following to the countries that permit the actions to be perform in their country:
A. Assign incentives to the countries that permit this action depending on the needs of the country,
B. Reduce the amount of terrorism in their country,
C. Spread awareness of terrorism by issuing public seminars, classes in schools, and other means of Mass Media

 

 

4. Special humanitarian and disaster relief assistance in Afghanistan.


1. Requests the formation of a volunteer campaign that will travel to Afghanistan and do the following for the people of Afghanistan:
A. Provide humanitarian services (food, water, clothes, medicationÖetc.),
B. Build shelters,
C. Construct an orphanage for the orphans,
D. Provide first Aid,
E. Help fix torn-down buildings,
F. Provide public education to the un-educated

2. Recommends the Security Council to send armed forces to insure the safety of the campaign and the people of Afghanistan,

3. Invites
all member states to contribute equipment, nutrition, raw materials, water, or any other resource to the Campaign so they can help the people of Afghanistan,




 

Opening speech

 

A good day to you all! The land of leprechauns and four-leaf clovers welcomes you to this important conference. The land of fairy tales and myths, the land where you can find a pot of gold at the end of every rainbow. The land that is famous for the color green, and celebrates its well-known Saint Patrickís Day. You probably know which country this is. It is the amazing country of Ireland.

Ireland regrets all the confusion and violence that has stretched through out our world today. Terrorism has multiplied in an abnormal way. Countries are in war against their neighbors. Tribes are fighting against each other. Even citizens of the same country are beginning to show signs of violence and aggressiveness. Innocent people are dying as a result of these acts. Ireland itself has faced terrorism in its many forms and knows what it feels like to be frightened. Thatís why Ireland believes that a line must be drawn. These acts have reached the climate and must be put to a stop as soon as possible.

Ireland believes that there is always a peaceful way to solve any problem. For instance the myth that says, "At the end of a rainbow lies a pot of gold", to Ireland the rainbow symbolizes peace and the pot of gold symbolizes friendship. Hopefully all countries will follow the "rainbow" in search of the "pot of gold". Peace is the goal that all countries wish to achieve sooner or later, and hopefully it will be achieved with the help of the United Nations.
Thank you,