Event: AISMUN 2003
Student: Muneera Al NibariLinks to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2002-2003 Team page
The Kingdom of Morocco like many other Arab countries is a constitutional monarchy. It gained independence from France after many years of occupation on March 2nd, 1956. Morocco’s kingdom is distributed as the following, King Mohamed VI who is omnipotent for he appoints the Prime Minister (Abdullrahman Youssoufi) and the Ministers. The monarch is hereditary and so it would be pretty much impossible to remove him from the throne. The bicameral Parliament in Morocco is split in to an upper house or Chamber of Counselors which consists of 270 seats the members of the house are elected by local councils, professional organizations, and labor group that are there for nine-year terms except for the one-third that are renewed every three years. The lower house or Chamber of Representatives that consists of 325 seats the members elected by the people for a term of five-year. There are many political parties in Morocco, which shows the freedom of choice, speech and "democracy" that people have in Morocco, there are also many unions.
Morocco’s legal system is based on Islamic law and French and Spanish civil law system; this is because most Moroccans are Muslims and the French have influenced them after their occupation of Morocco. The age at which a person is penalized by the law for crimes is 21. Official evaluation of lawmaking acts in Constitutional Chamber of Supreme Court. The judicial branch is the Supreme Court in which judges are appointed on the commendation of the Supreme Council of the Judiciary that is supervised by the monarch.
In principle Morocco’s King has all power over the country and is involved in every decision, but due to Morocco’s strong political parties and labor unions it is a bit hard for decision making to be restricted to the King.
The Kingdom of Morocco’s economy depends largely upon renewable natural resources. Morocco’s land does contain some natural resources like phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt and its most profitable resource is water. The versatile resources may be because of the many elevations, the highest being Jbel Toubkal 4,165 m and the lowest is Sebkha Tah -55 m. The great amount of water is because of the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea that border Morocco. Better water management through improved decision-making would lead to more equitable distribution of water which will help increase its availability and raise economic returns from the agriculture sector. Morocco has found oil recently the quality is good and abundant. Though the oil wealth will never be an alternative to their agricultural wealth.
The Kingdom is part of the following agreements Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, and Whaling. The agreements that have been signed, but unfortunately not endorsed are Environmental Modification and Law of the Sea.
The economic instability is really effecting Morocco’s self-sufficiency since the land that is able bear agriculture products is sufficient and so is the water source thus guaranteeing food security, but Morocco lacks the finance and the technology to become self-sufficient.
Morocco lies in Northern Africa it’s a moderately average sized country with a total area of 446,550. What makes Morocco’s location so advantageous is that it borders two great water sources, which are the North Atlantic Ocean from the left, whose Atlantic coast is 2,500 km and is filled with sandy beaches and precipices, and the Mediterranean Sea from the right with it’s coast stretching 468 km opposing to Spanish shores. Morocco’s climate is influenced by the sea it borders for it has a Mediterranean climate, but is becoming more extreme in the inside. The lands northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of bordering flat terrain, amid valleys, and prosperous coastal plains. Unfortunately northern mountains are geologically unstable and sometimes earthquakes occur, Morocco is also subject to periodic droughts. It has a tactical location along Strait of Gibraltar.
Morocco is a pluralistic culture, inevitably split along the same lines that separate its versatile society - popular and elitist, urban and rural. Such diversity is natural in Moroccan culture, past and present. Morocco’s versatile culture is the result of many civilizations: Berber, African, Arab, Islamic, Jewish and European. In Morocco all these cultures adhere into one to form Morocco’s contemporary culture. Ethnic groups found in Morocco are Arab-Berber that is the majority, and a minority of Jewish citizens. The religion that is known to the greater part of the population is Islam; other religions known to the Moroccans are Christianity and the Jewish faith. Languages spread over the country are Arabic, Berber dialects, and due to the French occupation French is spoken through out the country.
The military in Morocco consists of the following branches the Royal Armed Forces that includes the Army, Navy, Air Force, there is also the Auxiliary Forces and Gendarmerie. Men are only eligible for the military and they become fitting at 18 years of age.
Morocco does not find economic sufficiency within its land so Spain and France provide military equipment. The Moroccan military has been trained in the United States under the Military Aid Program (MAP). Morocco is a neutral country in general, but it has a dispute over the Western Sahara with Algeria. The French troops aided Moroccan troops against the Algeria-backed Polisario forces.
Views on World Problems:
Morocco being a weak country economically and militarily and is not politically active so this makes it role in the world not very effective and limited. Morocco given that it is economically unfortunate is a peaceful, neutral country that seems to look out for number one (itself) this is evident because it has signed a treaty with Israel while most Arab and Islamic countries feeling nothing but animosity towards Israel.
The Kingdom of Morocco is in organizations that aid in the bettering of our world it is part of the United Nations as a permanent member of the General Assembly it is also a member of most UN organizations like the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). Morocco is in organizations that will give financial aid because it seems in dire need of it, the organizations are African Development Bank (AfDB), Financial Aid Officer (FAO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), World Trade Organization (WtrO), and there are many more organizations that aid Morocco. Morocco also seeks aid of the Interpol that will help it defense wise.
Morocco is a country with not many disputes, but many economic problems within its borderlines and so it is a member of many organizations.
Due to Morocco's social and political stability, its economy has achieved several advances that may be strengthened by the implementation of measures taken following the social dialogue, the modernization of the judiciary system and a productive and sound management of the public sector and private enterprises. Morocco has made remarkable efforts for a larger liberalization of its trade system and integration of its economy in the world economy structures. Although it faces problems like restraining government spending which will only be achieved if it achieves self-sufficiency. Morocco has been assisted by the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and the Paris Club to better the state of the Moroccan Durham.
Morocco’s money is gained from services, industry and agriculture. Morocco’s export include phosphates and fertilizers, food and beverages, and minerals its partners are France, Spain, United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, India, and United States. Morocco’s exports bring in 8.2 billion. While it’s imports cost 12.4 billion, amongst the products it imports are semi-processed goods, machinery and equipment, food and beverages, consumer goods, and fuel from France, Spain, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, and United States. Most of Morocco’s imports are those that require money and technology both of which Morocco lacks. Morocco’s external debt is 19 billion and since 1995 it has received 565.6 billion in aid. The large external debt presents a challenge of reimbursing that debt.
Morocco has a very lengthy history; it has been inhabited since very early prehistoric times. Ever since 1000 BC the Berbers had been in Morocco and from 40 to 600 AD Romans, Vandals and Byzantines ruled the region. It was only at 681 that the Arabs conquest Morocco, introducing Islam to the Moroccans. Later in 788 the Idrisside dynasty had bought the Berbers and the Arabs together and formed The Kingdom of Morocco. They ruled for more than 200 years until the Islamic Berber dynasties came to rule, the first was Almorvide dynasty from 1055 to 1130 then it was Almohade dynasty, after that came the Merinide dynasty in 1258 and finally it was the Saadain dynasty. Then the Christians started driving all the Muslims out and by the late 1500’s all were gone. In 1578 there was a war between Spain and Portugal over Morocco, which ended the Portuguese rule. In 1664 the Alaouite dynasty was ruling Morocco, but in the early 1900’s Spain and France had economic and political power over Morocco. In 1906 France and Spain didn’t have complete control over Morocco, but they did have some privileges.
During the 1920’s a group of Moroccan’s started to fight for independence from the French they were persistent and finally gained independence on March 2ND, 1956. Then in 1971 a new constitution was adopted. On November 6th, 1975 there was a Green March where 350,000 volunteers crossed the artificial borders between the homeland and the Sahara and the on November 14th, 1975 the signing of the Madrid Accords whereby Morocco restored its sovereignty over the (WESTERN) Sahara, and has had it’s land peaceful ever since.
Policy Statement 1:
Prevention and spread of the deadly diseases of Ebola, Marburg Virus, and Smallpox, including international scientific cooperation to expedite the search for vaccines and measures to insure the worldwide availability of affordable patent medications, and address the social and economic costs of epidemic breakouts.
Ebola is a hemorrhage fever that is a severe, often-fatal disease in humans and non-human primates it is also known as an agent of bio-terrorism, (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees) it has appeared periodically in some countries in Africa such as The Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, Ivory Cost, Uganda, Gabon and The Republic of Congo. The prevention of Ebola in Africa presents many challenges because the identity and location of the natural reservoir of Ebola virus are unknown, there are few established crucial prevention measures taken. Scientists and researchers are faced with the challenges of developing additional diagnostic tools to assist in early diagnosis of Ebola and conducting environmental investigations of Ebola virus and its possible reservoir. In addition, one of the research goals is to monitor suspected areas to determine the frequency of the disease. Wanting to know more broad knowledge of the natural reservoir of Ebola virus and how the virus is spread must be acquired to prevent future outbreaks effectively. The Marburg Virus is a filovirus causing a sensitive, usually incurable hemorrhage disease that was originally transmitted to humans from green monkeys. The Marburg virus occurs very rarely, but is was first spotted in Uganda, other cases have been found in Kenya, Europe, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Durban, and The Democratic Republic of Congo. There is limited knowledge about the Marburg Virus and a specific treatment for this disease is unknown. However, supportive hospital therapy should be used such as cleansing the patients blood and stabilizing the body fluid. Some treatments used transfusion of fresh-frozen plasma and other preparations to replace the blood proteins important in clotting. Another treatment is the use of heparin (which blocks clotting) to prevent the consumption of clotting factors. Some researchers believe the consumption of clotting factors is part of the disease process. A fuller understanding of Marburg hemorrhage fever will not be possible until the ecology and identity of the virus reservoir are established. In addition, the impact of the disease will remain unknown until the actual incidence of the disease and its endemic areas are determined. Smallpox is a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars, the disease is also known as variola. There is basically no vaccine for this disease and it can be used as a bio-weapon. Due to the number of complications that can be expected a general vaccination is probably not possible. Research is ongoing to develop new vaccines. Many countries are improving their capabilities to respond to a renewed threat of a smallpox epidemic.
The outbreak of diseases around the world is a phenomenon and around the world people must contribute to putting an end to all those diseases, they not only effect people’s health they are also a cause of financial instability thus effecting the economic status of the country itself. Countries and people whom are financially capable to help with finding vaccines for the diseases, others whom aren’t so financially endowed should help with effort.
Policy Statement 2:
Human rights and welfare of indigenous peoples, including promoting their status within countries and building a network to assure that human rights are not abridged and cultural contributions are acknowledged.
Indigenous people are those natives who live in their country of origin. They are people whom have the right to life, liberty, and security of person. Under THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (UDHR) that is established hoping to ensure that all peoples and all nations, to the extent of every individual and every organ of society shall attempt to teach and educate, to promote respect for human rights and freedoms and by advancing actions shall secure the universal identification of humans, among the peoples of Member States themselves and the territories under their control. Since indigenous people are of the human race then they shall have those rights and the auspicious United Nations these rights shall be guaranteed.
The organizations of indigenous people in Morocco are Association Nouvelle de la Culture et des Arts Populaires (Berbers) (Morocco), Jeunesse Nationale Populaire (JNP) (Morocco). The indigenous are treated well in Morocco the Berbers being the majority are provided with their rights. The two organizations have joined the United Nations along with many other organizations representing the indigenous people and through the United Nations there has become a clear framework and rights for the indigenous. An objective of the Decade is the promotion and protection of the rights of indigenous people and their empowerment to make choices which enable them to retain their cultural identity while participating in political, economic and social life, with full respect for their cultural values, languages, traditions and forms of social organization. All this is provided for the indigenous people of Morocco.
Policy Statement: 3Action paper/presentation: Review of modern sanctuary and asylum methods as a means of safeguarding lives and protecting property.
Delegate: Muneera Al- Nibari
Question of: Human rights and welfare of indigenous peoples, including promoting their status within countries and building a network to assure that human rights are not abridged and cultural contributions are acknowledged.
Defining indigenous people as the natives who live in their country of origin, they are part of mankind therefore have the right to life, liberty and security of person,
Approves of THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (UDHR) that is a common standard set for all peoples and all nations, to the extent of every individual and every organ of society, this Declaration shall attempt to teach and educate, to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by advancing actions shall secure the universal identification of humans, among the peoples of Member States themselves and the territories under their control,
Draws the attention to the fact that indigenous people face disadvantages in societies around the world common problems they are oppressed and persecuted by most governments,
Expressing Its Appreciation towards Amnesty International that has over a million members from 140 different countries, for its effort through its Human m Education Campaign, whose pillars are: A. Help prevent violations B. Strengthen action and campaigns C. Encourages respect and tolerance D. Integrates the principles of human rights into everyday life
1) Requests that all governments recognize all indigenous groups and provide them with there rights, such as: A. Equal political rights B. Equal working rights C. Equal ownership of property rights D. Equal rights to life, health and freedom E. Equal educational rights,
2) Resolves that the United Nations Commission on Human Rights shall try to improve the condition of the indigenous people by: A. Providing funding and supervision of projects which have been requested by indigenous people of a country B. An ethical awareness campaign promoting rights of indigenous groups,
3) Encourages ethnic groups wanting to conduct a project will send a form to the government with a brief description of the project itself,
4) Further Requests the government will then review the request and if it agrees to it the form will be forwarded to the United Nations Human Rights Commission which will in turn have a group that study the situation and then fail it or permit the project and work on it with the following conditions: A. That 30% of the money the country gets will be for the purpose of the awareness campaign B. The other 70% will be for the project C. At least 40% of the workers on the project will be indigenous people, to ensure that they get job offers,
5) Declares that due to the lack of awareness about the indigenous people, an awareness program that will operate under The United Nations Human Rights Commission, will do the following: A. Broaden teaching about indigenous all through member countries by: I. Campaigns and awareness programs in places open to the public II. Increasing education about indigenous people through classes in school B) Enhance awareness through media programs like: I. Television commercials and infomercials II. Radio advertisements III. Posters and pamphlets given out in public places.
Al Salaam Alaikoom, and greetings from Morocco the land of versatility. Morocco is one of the world’s most beautiful countries with a lengthy history and a great ancient civilization, from the prehistoric Romans to the near recent evolution of Islam it has always been a multifaceted country. Visit the famous city of a Casablanca and fall in love, with the scenes of the great city that is.
Gathered here today to discuss subjects that are important to humans around the world. As the outbreak of diseases is a phenomenon and people must contribute to putting an end to all those diseases, they not only effect people’s health they are also a cause of financial instability thus effecting the economic status of the country itself. The other issue at hand is that of indigenous people they should be given their rights with the cooperation of the country itself and the auspicious United Nations.