Country: Algeria

Delegation: Algeria

Event: AMMUN 2002

Country: Algeria

Students: Noufah Al Sabah and Hamad Al Essa

 


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The Algerian National Anthem

Algeria
Qassaman
(The Plege)
Latin Transliteration from the Arabic

Qassaman Binnazilat Ilmahiqat
Waddimaa Izzakiyat Ittahirat.
Qassa Walbonood Illamiaat Ilkhafiqat
Filgi bal Ishshamikhat Ish shahiqat
Nahno Thurna Fa hayaton Aw ma maat.
Wa Aqadna Alazma An Tahya Algazair

Fashhadoo! Fashhadoo! Fashhadoo!

Nahno Gondon Fi Sabil Il hakki Thorna
Wa Ila Isstiqlalina Bilharbi Kumna.
Lam Yakon Yossgha Lana Lamma Natakna
Fatta khathna Rannat Albaroodi Wazna
Wa Azafna Naghamat Alrashshashi Lahna
Wa Aqadna Alazma An Tahya Algazair

Fashhadoo! Fashhadoo! Fashhadoo!

Nahno min Abtalina Nadfaoo Gondon
Wa Ala Ashlaina Nassnaoo Magdan.
Wa Ala Arwahena Nassado Khuldan
Wa Ala Hamatina Narfao Bandan.
Gabhato Ltahreeri Aataynaki Ahdan
Wa Aqadna Alazma An Tahya Algazair

Fashhadoo! Fashhadoo! Fashhadoo!

Sarkhato lawtani min Sah Ilfida
Issmaooha Wasstageebo Linnida
Waktobooha Bidimaa Ilshohadaa
Waktobooha Libany Ilgeeli ghadan.
Kad Madadna Laka Ya Magdo Yada
Wa Aqadna Alazma An Tahya Algazair

Fashhadoo! Fashhadoo! Fashhadoo!


Original French Words


Par les foudres qui anéantissent,
Par les flots de sang pur et sans tache,
Par les drapeaux flottants qui flottent
Sur les hauts djebel orgueilleux et fiers,
Nous juron nous être révoltés pour vivre ou pour mourir,
Et nous avons juré de mourir pour que vive l'Algérie!

Témoignez! Témoignez! Témoignez!

Nous sommes des soldats pour la justice, révoltés,
Et pour notre indépendance nous avons engagé le combat,
Nous n'avon obéi à nulle injonction en nous soulevant.

Le bruit de la poudre a été notre mesure
Et le crépitement des mitrailleuse notre chant favori.
Et nous avons juré de mourir pour que vive l'Algérie!

Témoignez! Témoignez! Témoignez!

Sur nos héros nous bâtrions une gloire
Et sur nos corps nous monterons à l'immortalité,
Sur nos âmes, nous construirons une armée
Et de notre espoir nous lèverons l'étendard.
Front de la Libération, nous t'avons prêté serment
Et nous avons juré de mourir pour que vive l'Algérie!

Témoignez! Témoignez! Témoignez!

Le cri de la patrie monte des champs de bataille.
Ecoutez-le et répondez à l'appel.
Ecrivez-le dans le sang des martyrs
Et dictez-le aux générations futures.
Nous t'avons donné la main, ô gloire,
Et nous avons juré de mourir pour que vive l'Algérie!

Témoignez! Témoignez! Témoignez!


English Translation

We swear by the lightning that destroys,
By the streams of generous blood being shed,
By the bright flags that wave,
Flying proudly on the high djebels,
That we are in revolt, whether to live or to die,
We are determined that Algeria should live,
So be our witness -be our witness -be our witness!
We are soldiers in revolt for truth
And we have fought for our independence.
When we spoke, nobody listened to us,
So we have taken the noise of gunpowder as our rhythm
And the sound of machine guns as our melody,
We are determined that Algeria should live,
So be our witness -be our witness -be our witness!
From our heroes we shall make an army come to being,
From our dead we shall build up a glory,
Our spirits shall ascend to immortality
And on our shoulders we shall raise the Standard.
To the nation's Liberation Front we have sworn an oath,

We are determined that Algeria should live,
So be our witness -be our witness -be our witness!
The cry of the Fatherland sounds from the battlefields.
Listen to it and answer the call!
Let it be written with the blood of martyrs
And be read to future generations.
Oh, Glory, we have held out our hand to you,
We are determined that Algeria should live,
So be our witness -be our witness -be our witness!

Lyrics: Mufdi Zakariah, 1955
Music: Mohamed Fawzi, 1956
Adopted: 1963


Algeria


 

Country Profile

Political Structure:

Algeria’s conventional long form name is the Peoples Democratic Republic of Algeria. Its conventional short name which is more commonly used is Algeria. The capital of Algeria is Algiers. Algeria is made up of 48 provinces (wilayas) that are used to administrate it. Algeria’s constituition was enacted on November the 19th 1976 but has been revised many times since then and signed into law at December the 7th 1996. Algeria’s legal system is a socialist one based on French and Islamic law.

Algeria is a Democratic Republic and its political structure consists of three branches, an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch. The executive branch is made up of the chief of state (the president), the prime minister, and a cabinet of ministers. The president is the head of state of Algeria and is popularly elected to a five-year term and may serve no more than two terms. He appoints a prime minister as head of the government. The prime minister appoints a council of ministers to help carry out the functions of government. Currently the President is Abdelaziz Bouteflika who was elected in April 1999. President Bouteflika appointed Ali Benflis as prime minister. The president of Algeria has the most power since he is commander in chief of the military forces.

The legislative branch consists of two councils. The Council of the Nation that consists of 144 seats (one-third of the Council of the Nation members are appointed by the president; the other two-thirds are chosen by councils from different regions of Algeria) and acts as the upper house. All members serve six-year terms. The second council is the 380-member National People's Assembly, which acts as the lower house. Members of the National People's Assembly are popularly elected to four-year terms.

The third branch is the Algerian Supreme Court, it is the highest court and functions both as the high court of appeal and the council of state. Three Algerian courts of appeal and special criminal courts (for economic crimes against the state) are located in Algiers, Oran, and Constantine. Numerous justices of the peace and commercial courts complete the judicial system.

A lot of political parties pressurize the Algerian government, most of which are Islamic extremists. Examples are the National Liberation Front (FLN) which was the force behind Algeria’s independence from the French, the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), the Socialist Forces Front (FFS), and the Democratic National Rally (RND).


Natural Resources:

Algeria is abundant in many natural resources, including petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead and zinc. The sale of petroleum and natural gas provides Algeria with 87% of its income. Algeria exports 414.6 thousand barrels of oil and 59,320 million cubic meters of natural gas daily. It is the world’s second largest gas exporter seeing as it possesses half of all Africa’s proven natural gas resources. Algeria alos ranks 14th among other countries in terms of oil reserves. It has no need for oil and natural gas imports since consumption is low and it has enough to supply itself.

Only 3% of Algerian land is arable, meaning it cannot support itself with its own food and must import 60% of its cereal requirements. Fish resources are abundant along the coast but fishing is relatively undeveloped and unorganized.


Cultural Factors:

Algeria’s population consists of 31,736,053 people, last recorded on July 2001. the population growth rate is 1.71%. There aren’t many ethnic groups in Algeria today, the population consists of Berbers (the original inhabitants of Algeria), Arabs, and people of mixed Arab and Berber ancestry. There are no racial problems between the different ethnic groups.

The population is concentrated in the arable regions and on the coastel plains which are 3% of the land area but account for over 50% of the inhabitants. Migration to the cities has become a permenant demographic phenomenon causeing massive problems in rural life, housing, and employement problems in the cities. Population pressures have resulted in an almost continuous stream of emigration to France since the independence. Approximately one million Algerians currently live and work in France. Only 40 percent of the population is classified as rural, living in villages and on small farms.

The leading religion in Algeria is Islam, which accounts for 99% and the other 1% is a mix of other religions. All the muslims are of the Sunni group.

Arabic is the official language and is spoken by more than 80 per cent of the population. That was not the case before when Algeria was under the French rule. The French forced their language in every aspect of the Algerian life and it was considered the main language. But after the independence Arabic became the main language. Most of the remainder speak the Berber dialect French, however, is still widely read and spoken by many educated Algerians.


Defense:

The defense structure is headed by the president as the supreme commander of the armed forces. The president also holds the position of defense minister and deals directly with the commanders of the armed forces. The military forces in Algeria numbered 124,000 in 2001. The 107,000-troop army was provided by the liberation forces after Algerian independence was secured. A 10,000-member air force is equipped with Soviet- and French-built jet planes and helicopters. About 7,000 people make up the naval forces.

The Algerian army is the most important and representitive national instituition, with both a political and military mission. The army’s political role is to act as the guardian of the revolution and guard the government from the pressuring Islamic fundamentalist political groups. Although the army has been in an alarmed state ever since 1992 when terrorist attack on the government and government officials increased. But the army has worked hard to keep the peace and since then the terrorist attacks have slowly started to diminish.

The army is also employed extensively in civilian projects and has no field combat experience or external defence commitments since the brief 1963 war with Morroco over the Western Sahara that ended in their defeat. If a serious and full scale conflict should develop, it will give the Algerians a chance to revenge their defeat in 1963 because their armed forces have improved vastly ever since and are better equipped and trained.


Geography:

Algeria is located in Northern Africa, between Morocco and Tunisia. It borders Morocco, The Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya and Tunisia. On the north it borders the Mediterranean Sea. The total area of Algeria is 2,381,740 km2, all of which is land. It is mostly a high plateau and desert, with some mountains and a narrow coastal plane.

Since throughout the center of Algeria no rugged topography exists, it does make sense as a single country. Algeria is around 3.5 times the size of Texas. The climate of Algeria is mostly arid to semiarid, meaning it lacks sufficient moisture and rainfall, or in other words, dry. Because of such a climate, it is not very active in terms of tourism.


Economy:

Natural gas and petroleum are the backbone of the economy, generating 60% of the national budget, 30% of the GDP and 95% of export revenues. Algeria’s currency is the Algerian Dinar, and 1 dollar is equal to roughly 74,813 Algerian Dinars. The Algerian economy is mostly hydrocarbon-oriented; meaning it heavily relies on petroleum and natural gas. The main import partners of Algeria are France (30%), Italy (9%), Germany (7%), Spain (6%), the US (5%) and Turkey (5%). The main export partners of Algeria are Italy (22%), the US (15%), France (12%), Spain (11%), Brazil (8%) and the Netherlands (5%). In terms of foreign debt, Algeria owes $24.4 billion, which is an improvement from 1999. in which it was $28.1. The nominal GDP is $59.1 billion, which has also improved since 1999, during which it was only 45.3. Most of this money is owed to France and other EU countries.


View of world problems:

Since he was elected, President Bouteflika worked to restore Algeria's international reputation, traveling throughout the world. In July 2001, he became the first Algerian President to visit the White House in 16 years. He has made official visits to France, South Africa, Italy, Spain, Germany, China, Japan, and Russia, among others. Since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States law enforcement and counter-terrorism cooperation have intensified in Algeria. Algeria has publicly condemned the terrorist attacks on the United States and has been strongly supportive of the international war against terrorism.

Before President Bouteflika became president relations with France have been close but fraught since Algeria won independence following a brutal seven-year war in 1962, but currently France has very good strong ties with Algeria and in fact last February France’s foreign minister visited Algeria. But unfortunately people of both countries criticize the relations. French intellectuals are very upset with the human rights issues in Algeria. Such criticism may be embarrassing to French officials, but it is unlikely they would allow it to undermine relations wiAlgeria. Even when relations were strained, France shielded Algeria from criticism of its human rights record in international gatherings. Hundreds of thousands of Algerians live in France and the two countries have close commercial and cultural links. Unfortunately, some of them have committed terrorist actions too in support of one side or the other. That, however, has not shaken up any relations.

Algeria is a member of the Organization of African Unity, the United Nations, the Union of the Arab Maghreb (Tunisia, Libya, Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania), and the Arab league. Algeria has taken the lead in working on issues related to the African Continent. Host of the OAU Conference in 2000, Algeria also helped bringing Ethiopia and Eritrea to the peace table in 2000. Algeria has taken a lead in reviving the Union of the Arab Maghreb with its regional neighbors, even though it has a territorial dispute with Libya and is opposing Morocco for claiming sovereignty of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony. Since 1976, Algeria has supported the Polisario, a group representing the population of Western Sahara. The Sahwari ,inhabitants of Western Sahara, have a right to self determination under the UN Charter, Algeria has provided the Polisario with material, financial, and political support in southwestern Algeria around Tindouf.. Although the land border between Morocco and Algeria was closed in the wake of a terrorist attack, the two have worked at improving relations although their relations are very strained. Algeria has friendly relations with its other neighbors in the Mahgreb, Tunisia and Libya, and with its Sub-Saharan neighbors, Mali and Niger. It closely monitors developments in the Middle East and has been strong defender of the rights of the Palestinian people, publicly calling for an end to the violence in the Occupied Territories and it denounces Israel for it terrorist attacks. Algeria has diplomatic relations with more than 100 foreign countries, and over 90 countries maintain diplomatic representation in Algiers.

Although Algeria is an Arabic nation it has not been given the attention it deserves by the Arabic community . All the terrorist attacks have been condemned but the Arab world has not given Algeria its full support and help because of how preoccupied it is with Palestine. Therefore, it's friends are mostly other socialistic Arab countries.


History:

Before September of 1962, Algeria was not an independent country, but was under French rule. The FLN (The National Liberation Front) developed in March 1954 and pledged independence from French rule. Just after months, Guerilla action rose, which forced the French government to send in some 40,000 reinforcements. In the 8 years that followed, a devastating war was fought, which led to the death of approximately 500,000 people. By its end, Algeria gained its independence.

For the next 26 years, Algeria had flourished, but in the mid-80’s declining oil prices had severe impacts on the Algerian economy. In October of 1988, violence erupted between police forces and protesters throughout the country. The president at that time, Chadli Benjadid, initiated reforms and was re-elected for another 5-year term. In July 1989, he revised the constitution and legalized forming political parties. One of the new parties formed was the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS). In the provincial and municipal elections, the FIS defeated the FLN. Following their victory, the FIS staged violent demonstrations across Algeria, which led to the suspension the parliamentary elections of 1991.

In 1992, it was apparent that the FIS had gained control over the government. They forced Benjadid to resign, dismantled the parliament, and formed a High Council of State (HCS). Mohammed Boudiaff, an exiled FLN hero of the war of independence, was appointed as president. Serious violence erupted again. In 1992, Boudiaff was assassinated and the FIS was officially outlawed. In 1993, the extremist Armed Islamic Group (GIA) emerged and began conducting many bombings and assassinations.

In January 1994, the HCS appointed Liamine Zeroual as president and dissolved itself. Zeroual restored order, and made vital changes to the constitution, the most important being the banning of the formation of political parties according to race or religion etc. He called for presidential elections by the end of 1995, in which he won by 61%. In late 1998, Zeroual stepped down and called for another presidential election. 6 of the 7 candidates dropped out, and the only remaining one, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, assumed presidency. Many of the Guerilla forces dissolved themselves, but not the GIA. The Salafist Group for Call and Combat, a branch of the GIA, surfaced in the late 1990’s, and is allegedly supported by Osama Bin Laden’s Al- Qaeda network. Algeria had greatly suffered from its civil war since the 1988 elections, and had left 100,000 dead.

Modern Algeria, under the rule of Bouteflika, had begun to improve and progress. In July 2001, he became the first president to visit the White House since 1985, and currently, U.S. investments in Algeria are placed around $4.5 billion. Human right, however, are still underdeveloped. A Berber, the ancient inhabitants of Algeria, was killed in late 2001, which has lead to widespread protests. Country Profile

 

 

POLICY STATEMENTS

 

Assembly A: Noufah Al Sabah

The Question of global cooperation to solve international water crises, including the role of the multilateral agencies as well as UN sub-organs in providing and sustaining sufficient supplies of water to all nations.

Water plays a major role in every organism’s life. Without water humans, plants, and animals alike would perish. Water access and sanitation are one of the leading problems in the world we live in today. All people need water and no one can go long without it. Water has many uses such as for the practice of good hygiene, for drinking, and for cleaning, etc.

Algeria believes that it is the right for everyone around the world to have access to clean water. Its one of the most important human rights that everyone should get. Algeria believes that there must be hard action taken on this important subject so that we can insure a better life for the next generations that are to come.

 

The Question of the Veto …………………(etc)

The right of veto is the right to cancel and stop any resolutions and action taken on any subject. The 5 countries that make up the Security Council own this right. These countries are Russia, the United States of America, China, the United Kingdom, and France. These countries can control the passage of resolutions and can stop any action that they feel is not appropriate.

Algeria feels that this right should be stripped away from these countries. This is because these countries can do whatever they want with this right including ruin valuable action, good resolutions that can do action and solve problems, and they can also stop nations from joining the Unites Nations. These countries ruin the chances of other countries and make them feel inferior to them. Their choices also are based on bias and their self opinion, for example if the USA hates Iraq it will always veto any resolution that suggests compromising with Iraq and not going on to war. This right should be stripped so that there would be democracy in the United Nations and people will work together to solve problems, not attempt to solve them but get vetoed out.

 

 

Assembly B: Hamed Al- Essa

1. The Role of the United Nations in rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts:

Algeria is a war-torn country, devastated from a civil war that lasted more than a decade and left more than 100,000 dead. The war had left the country with an extremely weak and frail economy. It, and many other countries like it, are in great need of financial aid and help in rebuilding their nearly demolished countries.

Algeria believes that the UN should have a major role in rebuilding countries recovering from conflict. The UN should spend a great deal of time and effort on war torn countries that cannot support themselves and provide them with as much financial and other forms of aid as possible. Also, those who suffer from terrorist attacks should be greatly compensated with financial and reconstructional aid.

 

2. The Role of the United Nations in placing a framework that clearly defines women’s rights and sets guidelines that ensure the implementations of these rights.

As a Muslim country, Algeria does not believe in giving women full rights. Women in Algeria do not have the right to vote. This is basic Islamic law that almost all Muslim countries follow, which states that women are not be involved politically and do not have the right to make any decisions that have any effect on the country. All this is to be handled by men. Kuwait is also a Muslim country and is run in the same way; women do not have the right to vote.

Algeria believes neither the UN nor any other organization should have any role in making decisions for any country whatsoever on how to handle their women. Kuwait is an excellent example as a country that has been continually harassed by the international community regarding this issue. After women’s right to vote was voted against in the parliament, several weeks of polical unrest follow, plaguing the tiny nation.

 

 

 

RESOLUTION


Committee: General Assembly

Submitted by: Algeria

Issue: The Question of global cooperation to solve international water crises, including the role of the multilateral agencies as well as UN sub-organs in providing and sustaining sufficient supplies of water to all nations.

 

Fully Aware that water is essential for life, whether it involves humans, animals, and plants and is a major necessity in life,

Acknowledging that the UN has been involved in water, environment, and sanitation issues since the 1960’s but a solid solution has not been reached yet,

Recalling that, ACCORDNG TO WWW.UN.ORG, there have been many programs and organizations that have tried to put an end to the problem like the World Health organization (WHO) and the Water, Environment and sanitation organization (WES) but have failed www.un.com ,

Deeply Disturbed that today, about 1 billion of the world’s people are without access to safe drinking water, and 3 billion are without sanitary facilities www.un.org,

Alarmed that human excreta and sewage are the main causes of deterioration of water quality in developing countries,

Keeping In Mind that the shift from rural to urban living in all parts of the world is causing vast numbers of people to subsist in crowded settlements without adequate sanitation, safe drinking water or environmentally safe living conditions www.cnn.com ,

Stressing people have the right to live in a dignified way, and everyone, especially every child, has the right to be protected against health hazards due to poor disposal of excreta (the UN declaration of rights),

Declaring that lack of environmental sanitation is a public health disaster,

Noting With Deep Concern that according to CNN.com some 3 billion people - half of humanity - lack access to toilets or latrines and are unable to practice good hygiene,

Taking Into Consideration that in many parts of the world the water table is declining as a result of over-extraction for agriculture and manufacturing,

Noting Further there are increasing incidents of contaminants such as fluoride and arsenic affecting the safety of water supplies, pollution of both surface and groundwater sources from pesticides and industry are posing new challenges,

Bearing In Mind that lack of clean water and adequate sanitation services, unhygienic practices, and poor living conditions remain the prevailing environmental problems faced by children in developing countries,

Having Examined that when combined with water shortages and poor health care, harsh conditions are created that contribute to a heavy disease burden, and a violation of the rights and dignity of children,

Having Studied that according to UN.com a lot of diseases are related to poor water supply and sanitation: -

a) Diarrhea (about 4 million cases of diarrhea per year cause 2.2 million deaths mostly among children under 5 … )

b) Intestinal worms (they infect about 10% of the population of developing world and depending upon severity of the infection they can lead to malnutrition, and retarded growth…)

c) Trachoma (about 6 million people are blind from trachoma and studies found that adequate water supply and sanitation could be reduce infection rate by 25%..)

d) Schistosomiasis (about 200 million people are infected with schistosomiasis whom 20 million suffer severe consequences. Studies found that adequate water supply and sanitation could reduce infection rate by 77%…)

e) Cholera (a disease that results from the use or drinking of contaminated water),

Conscious that the principal transmission routes of the diseases listed above are: -

a) Drinking contaminated water

b) Lack of sufficient quantity of safe water for personal hygienic activities,

Emphasizing that as a consequence 2.2 million people in developing countries, most of them children, die every year from diseases associated to lack of safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene www.cnn.com ,

Recalling that past experience has shown that individual government ministries working alone cannot effectively tackle the problem; international agencies like UNICEF, local governments, civil society, and most importantly the community itself, must work together towards sustainable solutions,

-------------------------------

1. Draws The Attention to how serious this problem is and the effect it has on people and societies;

2. Authorizes the formation of a new organization that would be formed as soon as this resolution is passed and will be called the Water Access and Sanitation Bureau (WAS) and will therefore supply countries that don’t have legitimate and adequate water resources with: -

a) Technicians and scientists to make a study of the countries resources and possible water wells

b) Technicians to search and excavate possible water wells

c) Adequate supply of water and food until they can support themselves this time period will not exceed more than 6 months

d) Workers and repair personal that will inspect the water pipes or water distribution systems and insure they are in good shape for use

e) Scientists and technicians that would be trained in the newest and most technological ways to operate high tech machinery, make surveys, etc

f) New technological machines and devices that will help in the search, distribution, and sanitation of water like mobile rigs

3. Confirms the WAS will oversee and do a lot of several different projects to provide and sanitize water and make it suitable for use; only if the country with the problem agrees:

a) Conduct hydrological surveys and searches for possible water wells

b) Conduct high tech drilling of boreholes in countries with no water sources; deep drilling will be provided for countries where normal drilling is useless such as the African countries, and the Middle East

c) Use the newest technological equipment and ways to sanitize polluted water

d) Discuss new policy concepts with country’s that have polluted water and find ways to stop the pollution such as banning pesticides, and chemical excretions

e) Provide the most appropriate technology and methods for getting water such as extraction of ground water

f) Provide methods for storing, treating and conserving rain water

g) Make water trade agreements with neighboring countries that are abundant with water; that country would supply the other one with water by a series of underground pipes, tanks, etc the 2 countries will work out a trade agreement, they can trade money, resources, etc.;

4. Confirms that the WAS will work on educating people and therefore promoting behavior changes that are essential to gain full benefits from clean water and prevent a lot of diseases, etc. by: -

a) Creating a water conservation and awareness month that would educate people about the importance of water conservation and hygiene and would run for 31 days

b) Creating water conservation and sanitation ads and commercials using mass media that will appeal to the viewers or listeners and aware

c) Form school and social projects that will point out to children and teens the importance and significance of clean water and help them;

5. Designates that the WAS will start a Water Access and Sanitation league that will include several nations from the general assembly that will represent others in their continent; 2 from Europe, 5 from Asia, 1 from North America, 2 from South America, 4 from Africa, and 1 from Australia, these members will change sporadically every 2 years with others from their continent, they will meet every 3 months and when there is an emergency situation, the place will be discussed as soon as the UN passes the resolution, They will oversee, discuss, and research : -

a) New ways of improving water access and sanitation

b) The use of technological equipment and devices for water sanitation and access

c) The many conflicts between countries over water. If this league is not successful and violence or other mishaps occur the case will be sent directly to the International Court of Justice (ICJ)

d) The search for new ways of encouraging people in countries with water problems to pitch in like training them to do the own work, making the equipment needed locally;

The clause cannot have sentences. Detail it accordingly. Think through step by step.

6. Emphasizing that the overall objective of the Water Access and Sanitation Bureau (WAS) is to promote the survival, protection, and development of people and to promote behavioral changes essential to realizing the full benefits from its services;

7. Congratulates all the nations who have solved or even improved this problem in their country;

8 Urges all nations to pass this resolution for a better future for our children.




Resolution

Assembly B: Countries Recovering From Conflict

 

Defining countries recovering from conflict as "Countries that have suffered extreme damage to their infrastructure from war or terrorism,"

Aware of the fact that buildings and dwellings are necessary for human life,

Bearing in mind that buildings are what separate us humans from other living beings,

Deeply concerned that the destruction of infrastructure leads to homelessness and poverty, which in turn breeds many complications such as the spreading of diseases and eventually death,

Taking into consideration that "For the past decade, one third of the third world’s homes and building have been destructed by many years of war," as said by former South-African president Nelson Mandela.

Taking note that "More than 6.5 million people yearly lose their homes as a result of war," as said by secretary general Kofi Annan,

Deeply distressed by the fact that an eighth of Africa’s population have suffered extreme injuries and losses of limbs from the plague of war, due to the fact that their government don’t have the capabilities to bring it to an end,

Welcoming the efforts that our South-African brothers have put into rebuilding the many war-torn African countries of this age and in the past,

Expressing its satisfaction for the European Humanitarianism & War Project for greatly helping in rebuilding the many war torn countries of our world,

Viewing with appreciation that many countries have been quick to provide their neighbors with aid after catastrophes,

Deeply disappointed that only half of Algeria’s building and homes that were erect in 1995 still stand today,

Deeply concerned that the UN does not put sufficient effort into countries recovering from conflict,

 

1. Declares the creation of the United Nations Organization for Rebuilding Countries in Conflict (UNORCC), which will be composed of 15 seats for 15 voted members, civil engineers, scientists, doctors and construction experts, the location of its headquarters will be in Geneva, Switzerland,

2. Affirms the engineers, scientist and all members of staff shall be specialized in civil engineering and construction.

3. Encourages any country that has suffered severe damage to try its best in rebuilding its own infrastructure,

4. Designates that for any country to receive and help in rebuilding from the UNORCC, the following procedure is to be adapted:

a. The country is to formally request the UNORCC in writing that it needs help and designate in detail what kind of help that it needs,

b. The organization member are to study that request and send the scientists and construction experts to examine the problems and gather evidence,

c. The scientists and experts will then send a detailed report back to the UNORCC explaining their findings and noting in detail the extent of the damage and what needs to be done,

i. The UNORCC will check if the country is financially capable of paying for the repair jobs, if it is then the UNORCC will sell it equipment, if not then it is to be leased until the construction work is complete,

d. Provide temporary shelters (such as tents) until the job is complete,

5. Confirms that the UNORCC will hire means of transportation (such as ships) to transport the necessary equipment,

6. Resolves that the UNORCC will do the following for countries that suffer from damaged infrastructure:

a. Hire a team of construction workers using the countries financial assets or UN funding to work on the job,

b. Buy or rent equipment for the construction workers to work with,

c. Overlook the project until its successful completion,

7. Further resolves that the UNORCC will do the following for governments that that need assistance in keeping their recovery under control:

a. Supply the government with financial aid to:

i. aquire arms to ensure peace and stability,

ii. rebuild schools and avert their teachings way from extremeism and jihad.

 

 

 

OPENING SPEECH

Assembly A: Noufah Al Sabah

Honorable Judges, Fellow Delegates, and Worthy Timekeeper… Al Salam 3alaykoom… Algeria is the land of a million Martyrs. A million people who sacrificed their lives in order to get freedom, freedom from what you may ask? A monster!, an extra terrestrial, or the many disasters that happen in the movies?!! For this number cannot be imaginable.

A million people who died, children, men and women. And why? To insure a better life for their children. A life in a country that belongs to no one except its people. A land that is capable of governing itself by its own people, not by the rules and orders of another country. Those people died fighting the ISTI’MAR, Arabic for annexation. This may sound like a flashback and people might be relieved thinking this is just part of history.

Well, history! Ladies and Gentleman is repeating itself in places like the Western Sahara, Kashmir, and Palestine. Why don’t we let them govern their own country? Instead of fighting over it and creating violence, like Israel and Morroco. Why don’t we witness the birth of new nations? Instead of the downfall. These are questions to ponder. So think carefully. We don’t want another war on our hands!

Thank you



 

Assembly B: Hamed Al- Essa:

 

Ladies and and gentlemen, hounorable president, fellow delegates, good morning. The Algerian Arab Republic would like to extend a friendly hand in welcoming all nations present here today.

The world we all live in today is menacing, plagued by war and terrorism. The civil war that has recently ended in Algeria, leaving deep scars of extremeism, the September 11th attacks in the USA, the Iraeli incursions in the west bank and gaza … the list is endless. Yet it is our duty and obligation here to find peaceful solutions to our shattered world. Another Gulf War is not the answer.

Today, we must focus on rebuilding countries recovering from war, not starting new ones. With that in mind, as a delegate of Algeria I hope that by the end of our meetings and consultations we achieve solutions and ensure a more peaceful and secure world for us today, and for our children tomorrow.

 

 

AMBASSADORS' STATEMENTS




Assembly A: Hamad Al Essa

During the 2002 AMMUN conference, Algeria had an extremely productive and dynamic session. With extremely qualified competion, Algeria emerged as a main submitter, although the resolution infortunately failed due to the overall mood of the General Assembly. All in all the conference was extremely robust and powerful, and the trip was exceptionally planned and organized, and as I delegate of Algeria this year I would be glad to attend again. Many thanks go out to Hashem Dabbas and Louma Qadoomi for five of the most unforgettable days of this year.


Assembly B: Noufah Al Sabah

The AMMUN event was a very delightful encounter on behalf of myself, as the Algerian delegate. It was a very educational and fun event. I, as the Algerian Delegate, accomplished a lot of things. Firstly I successfully merged with China on a resolution about the Veto power. This resolution gave Algeria and the North African states better representation in the Security Council and gave Algeria the right it lawfully deserves. I was the Main Co-Submitter and played a major role in this resolution. Secondly Algeria merged with Argentina in a resolution about the Water Crisis that was debated but unfortunately was not passed. Algeria also joined in the debates over the resolutions that were discussed in the assembly. Algeria also made a lot of foreign relationships with several other nations present in the Assembly like Portugal, Kuwait, Indonesia, etc. I had a lot of fun representing Algeria and I will always cherish the memories of the AMMUN.