Country: Kenya

Delegation: Kenya

Event: AMMUN 2002

Country: Kenya

Students: Nourah Al Khaled and Fatema Boukhadour

 

 


Links to other sites on the Web:

Back to the 2002-2003 Team page
Back to the AMMUN 2002 Page
Back to the Briefing Book Library
Back to Teams
Back to Fruit Home



The Kenyan National Anthem

Kenya

Kiswahili Words
Ee Mungu nguvu yetu
Ilete baraka kwetu
Haki iwe ngao na mlinzi
Natukae na udugu
Amani na uhuru
Raha tupate na ustawi. Amkeni ndugu zetu
Tufanye sote bidii


Nasi tujitoe kwa nguvu
Nchi yetu ya
Kenya tunayoipenda
Tuwe tayari kuilinda.
Natujenge taifa letu
Ee ndio wajibu wetu
Kenya istahili heshima
Tuungane mikono pamoja kazini
Kila siku tuwe nashukrani.



English Words
O God of all creation,
Bless this our land and nation.
Justice be our shield and defender,
May we dwell in unity,
Peace and liberty.
Plenty be found within our borders.
Let one and all arise
With hearts both strong and true.

Service be our earnest endeavour,
And our Homeland of Kenya,
Heritage of splendour,
Firm may we stand to defend.
Let all with one accord
In common bond united,
Build this our nation together,
And the glory of Kenya,
The fruit of our labour
Fill every heart with thanksgiving.


Kenya

 

 

Country Profile

Political Structure:

After going through the liberation struggle, and finally getting its independence by the late president Jomo Kenyatta, who is considered a nationalist who was a protector of Western political and economic interests in Kenya. Kenyatta was widely regarded as a stabilizing force Kenya has successfully been able to stabilize its self after being free from the British ruling where it was back then called the British East Africa. Later on Kenya was able to develop a presidential ruling that has the upper power and full ruling control in determining the country’s issues, and is elected by the people of Kenya through an election, for a five-year term. As for the vice-president, which is the second highest authority after the ruling president, and the Cabinet are selected and appointed by the president from the members of the national assembly. The assembly is considered the legislative branch (or making laws) and consists of 188 directly elected members, and an addition of 10 members who are selected by the president. As for the constitution of the Republic of Kenya, was adopted during the independence in 1963, and after certain improvements were applied, Kenya was then made a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.

 

Natural Resources:

Kenya’s main natural resource is its land. Natural resources mainly range from gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, and hydropower. Chief Kenyan exports are horticultural products (flowers, fruits, and vegetables), petroleum products, cement, soda ash, extracts, pork, poultry, and eggs. Agricultural products are now Kenya's third largest merchandise export and are a necessity to Kenya's economy. Over 50% of export revenue continues to be derived from primary products, notably tea, coffee, sisal, pyrethrum (flowers from which insecticides are made), sugar cane, wheat, and cotton. Kenya ranks second in the world in the production of sisal and fourth in the export of cut flowers. The country supplies almost 70% of global demand for pyrethrum. Beef and dairy cattle are also important in Kenya's agricultural economy. Kenya has one of the most developed dairy industries in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a milk production of some 2 billion liters yearly. In addition, Kenya’s animals are a great tourism resource.

 

Cultural Factors:

What makes a country different from another is its culture. Kenya is constructed of 30 different ethnic groups that belong to four different languages, which are Bantu, Nilotic, Paralinotic, and Cushitic. Kenyans are divided into these groups as follows, Bantu-speaking which make up 22 per cent of the population, Luhya 14 per cent, Kamba 11 per cent, Nilotic-speaking Luo 13 per cent, and Paranilotic-speaking that make up 12 per cent of the population. The groups were once involved in serious ethnic violence, mainly against the Kikuyu tribe, because of the election that put back the Moi and KANU’s (Kenya African National Union) government. That other tribes based it on tribal loyaltyften be rare . Also the government is considered to be a separate sector from these groups where the highest authority goes to the president. Like the ethnic groups, Kenyans follow many different religions, about 38 per cent are Protestant, 28 per cent Roman catholic, and 6 per cent Muslim. As for the remaining population are followers of many other traditional types of religion. In addition, Kenya is also famous for its rich cultural history, where the fossil remains found in Kenya state the presence of early hominids in Kenya between 2 million and 3 million years ago. Almost all the ethnic groups in Kenya have their own language. But now the official language is Swahili, which has become the main language since the 20th century.

 

Defense:

The structure of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kenya divides up into the following branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, and paramilitary General Service Unit of the Police. Kenyan military service is voluntary. Kenya's military has had relatively little influence on politics. As far as militias go, Kenya fortunately enough did and does not have any. As far as military expenditures go, Kenya’s is $197 million. Military age is between males age 15-49 and military manpower availability is 7,712,402 (2001 est.)

Luckily enough, Kenya has sufficient military power and therefore does not need to rely on dependence on other nations for military support. Kenya does not believe in membership in alliances and thoroughly believes its foreign policy which states Kenya to be "anti-allied".

If, came the occasion that Kenya would need any defensive support, Kenya would surely be supported by the United Nations.

 

Geography:

Kenya is located in the African continent, in eastern Africa, and its capital city is Nairobi. As for Kenya’s total area is 582,650 sq. km and its land capacity is 569,250 sq. km, also its water coastline and area together are 13,400 sq. km. And is bordered on the north by Sudan and Ethiopia, on the south by Tanzania, on the east by Somalia and the Indian Ocean, and on the west by Uganda and lake Victoria. Kenya falls into many obvious topographical areas that extend from the Indian Ocean to the high mountains that range from about 10,00ft above sea level. Also the altitude is considered to be very important for Kenya both to its geographical area and climate.

For its geography it made it consist of many mountain ranges, valleys, steep hills and rest by two great rivers, one that is entirely in Kenya and finally meet with the Indian Ocean. As for the climate, it divided Kenya into three different climate zones. Which are, tropical, coast humid, and the high lands that have relative temperature. Kenya contains almost all of Lake Turkana and a small part of Lake Victoria, and also lies upon great volcanic mountain chains. As for the elevation in Kenya is a very important factor in its plant life. That’s because the plant life in Kenya is very diverse from, where the elevation acts as a life source for certain plants and not others.

Finally, Kenya is divided by the equator into two equal parts, which makes the north area warmer and gets less amounts of rain. And the southern area falls into three parts, the coast, which is humid. The highlands are at a medium temperature, and Lake Victoria, which is tropical.

 

Views on World Problems:

Africa's abundant treasures have always appealed to many other countries and people; varying from its interesting cultures and rituals, to it's great and valuable gems of the earth. Curiosity of exploring these native values and also discovering the beautifully wild habitat and animals of Africa still suspends our modern world to what one may find in such an exotic paradise. Kenya fortunately enough is in this modern paradise and has a major role and influence in keeping the peace and harmony rotating in it. It is rich with development and culture, and had the largest and most complete form of man's cultural development. Kenya constantly participates in regional conflicts in Eastern Africa and has currently settled a peace agreement between the two struggling parties of Northern and Southern Sudan. Kenya is also looking forward to resolving the ever continuous feud between Somalia's two tribal leaders that are battling for the Somali rule.

In the past 10 years, Kenya has been recovering it’s economy from the crash it took in the mid-80’s from a treaturous drought. Generally, Kenya has a friendly relationship with Great Britain because of their long relationship with Britain colonizing Kenya. In addition, Kenya is friends with all Africa 2000 and NAM (Non-Alligned Movement) members.

Kenya is a member of various blocs and groupings. These blocs and grouping include: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM,OPCW, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNTAET, UNU, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO. Kenya is also a respected and valued member of the United Nations (UN), and was honored with a membership of the Security Council in 1998. Kenya perfected its membership in the Security council and held many meetings concerning major issues including a meeting it held in 1998 proposing to the delegation of Rwanda to end the violence that had previously turned into a massacre. In addition, Kenya is also a valued member of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and of the Eastern African Co-operation (EAC).

 

Economy:

Kenya has been in a state of great economic growth, especially after the Second World War. The reason for this is because a great amount of foreign investors came to the country with constructing new investments. Also Kenya has developed a great income because of agriculture by exporting, where it exports $1.7 billion by products like tea, coffee, petroleum products, agricultural products, and cement. Also the agricultural sector, which is the most important economical sectors counts for 29 per cent of the GDP. The main countries Kenya exports to are, Uganda 18%, United Kingdom 15%, Tanzania 12%, and Pakistan 8%. And Kenya imports $3 billion, which makes the balance scale for its benefit because it’s gaining more than its loosing which means its exports is bigger than its imports. As for what Kenya imports are goods like, machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, iron, and steel. Finally, Kenya gets its imported goods from countries like, United Kingdom 12%, United Arab Emirates 8%, Japan 8%, and the Unites States 7%.

The regional and international markets in which Kenya participates include the 3 nation East African Community, that is between Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, the 20 nation Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), and the Lome convention which allows originating goods duty access to European Union and the Generalized System of Preference conferring favorable access to a number of key markets such as the United States and Japan. Kenya’s chief trading partners are Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan, and the United States. The Netherlands, France, Italy, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Pakistan and India are all considered Kenya's main trading partners.

Kenya exports $1.7 billion worth of goods to principally to Britain, Uganda, Tanzania, and Germany. However Kenya imports $3 billion and the main suppliers of imports are the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, Japan, and the United States of America. Kenya's chief imports are industrial raw materials, transport equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and medical equipment, industrial machinery, crude petroleum, machinery, and other equipment. When in ratio, the exports to imports clearly imply that Kenya is not a self sufficient country.

 

History:

Kenya's unique culture is a sanctuary to all in need to a harmonically filled paradise that soothes the nerves with its pleasurable surprises, rich wildlife, and peaceful nature. Dating back to the Stone Age, Kenya's history promotes Kenya into being one of those treasured countries in the world that enjoy the fortune of having the largest and most complete record of man's cultural development. A big part of having this honorable privilege is because of Kenya's rich variety of environmental factors that encourage human survival and development.

Between this early period and the 19th century, the inhabitants of Kenya are not specified. During the 8th century, Islamic immigrants started settling on the coast. The Portuguese then followed and became among the first European settlers along the coast. Up to the 19th century, very little was known about Kenya's land beyond the coast until the arrival of the British who came and colonized Kenya.

The British colonization was met with resistance, which was opposed with extreme force. Hence the fact that most of Kenya's modern history is distinguished by rebellions against the British rule; with the first one being in 1890 and the last one, known as the Mau Mau rebellion, in 1952. The plague of the Mau Mau shone the way for constitutional reforms and development in the following years. In 1955, a myriad of political parties were formed all over Kenya after the colonial British government yielded to their formation. The British rule forfitted to the great number of political parties and groups and gave up the rule. Racial barriers in the government were finally lifted. In 1960, the Kenyan African National Union (KANU), that advocated for a unitary government was formed. In 1961, the Kenyan African Democratic Union (KADU), which advocated a seemingly-federal government (Majimbo), was also formed.

In May 1963, Kenya witnessed its first full franchise general elections in which KANU emerged the winner. In June 8 1963, Kenya attained internal self-government. And on December 12th 1963, Kenya accomplished independence with a complex Majimbo constitution that approved much autonomy to the regions. On the first anniversary of independence in 1964, Kenya became a republic and joined the Commonwealth with Mzee Jomo Kenyatta as the president.

During the "Kenyatta Era", that lasted up to 1978, Kenya witnessed what was a period of great social change and economic growth. Kenyatta selected members of many different ethnic groups to government positions and encouraged the people of Kenya to come together and unite as Kenyans rather than focus on their different ethnic backgrounds. When Kenya became independent, many whites had left the country, and Kenyatta divided their land among the blacks. These Kenyan citizens were encouraged to grow exports crops such as coffee and tea on their new land. Supported by a steady flow of foreign investment, mostly from Britain, Kenya's economy flourished. The standard of living increased for most Kenyans and Kenya's economy became one of the fastest growing in post-colonial Africa.

Following Kenyatta's death on August 1978, Hon. Daniel Arap Moi assumed the presidency in accordance with the Kenyan constitution. Moi took the Swahili word "nyayo" (footsteps) as his leadership motto to assure the Kenyan people that he was following Kenyatta's legacy. In the beginning, Moi took on a populist approach, releasing the political prisoners, moving to limit the Kikuyu political and economical influence, and traveling among the nation's people. In the 1980's, Kenya experienced several devastating droughts and the price of coffee dropped several times. Now damaged, the Kenyan economy enforced the nation to fall into debt, and unemployment rose dramatically.

Kenya is one of the best countries to emerge from colonialism and the rebellions are the ones to thank for it. The rebellions helped straighten matters out and resisted being ruled by the British. This aided majorly on Kenya’s independence. And just to note, Moi is not a dictator, but probably one of Kenya’s heroes. He stuck to the rule when times were rough and supported the Kenyan government and population when the economy crashed in the 1980’s. Kenya is not a socialist country.

 

 

Policy Statement

 

Delegate: Fatemah Boukhadour

 

Issue #1: The Question of reforming the current United Nations structure including; possible elimination of veto power, more regional representation and more diverse methods of funding amongst others.

The five permanent members of the United Nation's Security Council, the USA, Russia, Great Britain, China and France, have the right to use the veto power which is the right to reject, prohibit, and or forbid a measure or a resolution unilaterally. This forced power has been misused against several United Nations resolutions that do not benefit the Big Five.

Kenya among other developing countries believes that the veto power should be expanded to include more regional representation composing of countries from Asia, Latin America, Africa, and Australia. Kenya feels that on the long run, veto power should be reduced and eventually eliminated because it is necessary to reform democratic basis in the United Nations.

Kenya does not have a national position on Security Council reformation. However, it follows the declared position of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM). NAM consists of 115 members that all support NAM’sview on political problems and crises. Because of Kenya's limited power to protest against the current form of the UN structure, it had to resort its support to NAM. Since NAM addresses the question of reforming the UN, especially the possibility of expanding the Security Council to include regional representation, Kenya considers NAM as its voice in expressing its opinion regarding the reformation of the UN structure.





Issue #2: The Question of global cooperation to solve international water crises, including the role of multilateral agencies as well as UN sub-organs in providing and sustaining sufficient supplies of water to all nations.

In developing countries, the global water crises are either that people are at risk from water borne diseases, or water is a scarce resource; on the other hand industrial countries' water resources are threatened by industrial and toxic wastes. "Africa 2000" is a program initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The program aims to raise awareness of the significance of water supply needs and assures access to water supplies to the African population.

Kenya is considered one of the developing counties, and it suffers from water scarcity as well as water borne diseases. Therefore Kenya feels strongly about solving the international water crises since it is so close to home.

The Kenyan economy depends highly on agriculture which has a high dependency on water supplies. The Kenyan economy suffered from several droughts that the country experienced in the past two decades which resulted in decline of the economy. Since Kenya is unable to fund any agencies/organizations to share its view on the international water crises, that hasn't stopped it from participating with other nations and multilateral agencies sharing the same view. In its support, Kenya was involved in "Africa 2000" which is a program initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The program aims to raise awareness of the significance of water supply needs and assures access to water supplies to the African population. The main problem in Kenya is not clean water or enough water, but some of both. Raising global awareness to this matter and creating donating organizations for Kenya would greatly aid in this problem. More money would lead to building a factory for producing and refining clean water suitable for general use. An agreement with Uganda and Tanzania for using water from Lake Victoria would also assist solving the problem of getting enough water.







Delegate: Noura Al-Khalid

 

1) The Role of the United Nations in rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts.

Because Kenya was once one of the many African countries that suffered economical problems. It was able to stand up again because of the help that was offered by the United Nations and other helping , neighboring and foreign countries by investing in kenya. Also Kenya is a country that believes that war is not the way to condemn an act, where it wasn’t involved in many local wars with its neigboring African states like in the Congo and Uganda, and didn’t start a civil war of its own.

Because the Republic if Kenya has already been affected by this issue, it believes that the United Nations has been supporting these countries but should also develop programs, start specilized organizations ,that focus on the issue, start investments, and donations to be able to stand by that country, and make sure it doesn’t develop again.




2) The Role of the United Nations in placing a framework that clearly defines women’s rights and sets guidelines that ensure the implementations of these rights.

Defining:-Woman’s right: right of women to share on equal terms with men the political privileges afforded by representative government and, more particularly, to vote in elections and referendums and to hold public office.

Out of one hundred million children that are not in school, two-thirds of them are girls. Also a problem that has been facing all the African States is HIV/AIDS on woman. The main reason for getting this virus is the cause of un awarness, and education which misleads woman to the incoreect path, without understanding the problem or the means of solving it. Which has been able to urge governments by the help of the United Nations, to take all the necessary measures to increase woman’s economic independence, and to protect their human rights and freedom to allow them to protect themselves from HIV infection, and other types of diseases or abuse.

By that the Republic of Kenya believes that the United Nations has been able to control this serious problem, that is mainly facing helpless and uneducated woman. But should specifically put in mind the third world countries and what type of different obstacles they might be facing, like most important financial problems.







Resolutions

 

 

Delegation: The Republic of Kenya

Delegate: Fatemah Boukhadour

Question of: reforming the current United Nations structure including; possible elimination of veto power, more regional representation and more diverse methods of funding amongst others.

Defining the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) as a movement consisting of 115 states that focus on the advocacy of solutions to global, economic and other problems,

Defining Veto Power as the right to reject, prohibit, and or forbid a measure or a resolution unilaterally; veto power is entirely under the control of the USA, Russia, Great Britain, China, and France (the five permanent members of the United Nation's Security Council),

Bearing in Mind the importance of the Security Council in protecting the rights of all countries and their national sovereignty, and taking measures to implement any immediate action to protect these countries from any invasion or attack,

Observing that the voting procedures in the Security Council as written in the UN charter abides by the following manner, "Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members,"

Deeply Concerned about the possible misuse of the VETO Power by permanent members in fulfillment of personal interests,

Taking into Account that NAM, as consisting of the most third world country member’s, should have an important view on the reformation of the Security Council and has a position on it by the resolutions it comes up with,

Observing the lack of regional representation in the Security Council in order to have immediate action implemented in these specific regions,

Emphasizing on the immediate attention towards the reform of the Security Council, which includes the reduction of the power of the VETO Power and the increase in regional representation in accordance with NAM resolutions,

1. Notes the seriousness of the position of the Security Council and its immediate reformation in order to improve its working capabilities and its goal in protecting the national sovereignty of countries;

2. Further Proclaims that the Secretary General should have noticed the current situation in the Security Council and taken measures to renovate its structure through the voice of all the Nations in the UN, which would be the General Assembly;

3. Expresses with Appreciation the NAM member countries that have all united to come up with a resolution that would fully show the decisions of all the 115 countries and their views on the UN reformation;

4. Calls Upon all Permanent Countries in the Security Council and all UN members to cooperate with NAM in order to bring forth the stance of the 115 countries that NAM represents to the UN reformation program;

5. Resolves that, according to all NAM members and under the name of the Movement, the following considerations should be taken to reform the UN Security Council:

a. The veto should be curtailed with a view to its elimination and that the Charter should be amended so that, as a first step, the veto power should only apply to actions taken under Chapter VII of the Charter,

b. Increase the membership of the Security Council by not less than 15 based on the principles of equitable geographical distribution and sovereign equality of States,

c. the negotiation process should be truly democratic and transparent, and negotiations on all aspects should be held, in all cases, in an open ended setting,

d. Both reform and expansion of the Security Council should be considered as integral parts of a common,

e. The extent, nature and modalities of the expansion of the Security Council should be determined on the basis of the principles of equitable geographical distribution and sovereign equality of states;

6. Further Resolves that the following procedures be taken in order to comply with the NAM resolution:

a. The 5 Permanent members of the Security Council would take measures to decrease the authority of the VETO Power by coinciding to the majority vote of VETO Power among the 5 countries.

b. The membership of the Security Council will increase to 21:

i. 5 seats for the Permanent Members,

ii. 6 seats for members that would be elected by the 5 permanent members representing each continent in the world with majority vote, they would also serve as permanent members but with no VETO Power,

iii. 10 seats for countries that would be elected by majority vote among the 11 permanent countries and would serve a term of 2 years,

c. Establishing a committee consisting of 5 countries voted by the General Assembly to serve a term of 2 years with the nonpermanent members of the Security Council to look into the structure of the Security Council and bring forth recommendations and ideas of increasing the proficiency and workability of the Security Council. These idea’s would be set forth to the Secretary General whom would affirm it, and then sent to the Security Council to debate;

7. Expresses its Hope that all countries would agree to these changes and cooperate with the Security Council to present a council that would ensure the safety of all countries and establish security and order in the world;

 

 

Delegation: The Republic of Kenya

Delegate: Noura Al- Khalid

The Question of: The Role of the United Nations in placing a framework that clearly defines woman’s rights and sets guidelines that ensure the implementation of these rights.

Affirming awareness programs must be available to inform woman of how to tackle problems, and show that getting an education can help,

Defining right of women to share on equal terms with men the political privileges afforded by representative government and, more particularly, to vote in elections and referendums and to hold public office,

Looking Upon all forms of depriving woman of their rights are considered against the Human Rights, and the Declaration of Human Rights, that was agreed to by all U.N member,

Noting with Deep Concern Out of one hundred million children that are not in school, two-thirds of them are girls, according to the UN.org,

Further Noting that the uneducated African underage woman are almost all infected by HIV/AIDS and do transmit it through pregnancy,

Emphasizing A draft resolution sponsored by Zambia, on behalf of the group of African states, on woman, the girl child and HIV/AIDS (document E/CN.6/2000/L.6). Would have the Commission urge governments to take all necessary measures to strengthen women's economic independence and to protect and promote their human rights and fundamental freedoms in order to allow them to better protect themselves from HIV infection,

Supporting the United Nations, African states, (WHO) World Health Organization, (UNESCO) United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organizations,

Draws the attention to the international countries that have agreed to sign to the (WHO), that according to its constitution it is "The directing and coordinating authority on international health." And is responsible for helping all peoples to attain "the highest possible levels of health",

Congratulates the WHO and the UNESCO for their true efforts in trying to help in reaching a level of knowledge for woman, and ensuring their rights,

Regrets that some nations aren’t taking the matter seriously, and realizing the magnitude of the problem, and how it makes the country’s position towards its people,

1-Strongly urges countries

a) To support and cooperate with organizations that are trying to help in ending this problem, like the UNESCO, and the WHO,

b) Urges countries to join these organizations, to help in reaching a solution;

2-Resolves countries that have agreed on the policies that World Health Assembly (the central structure of WHO which includes the policy-making body.) And UNESCO to apply the following:

One) enlarge awareness programs by using the following means:

a) flyers,

b) Setting banners in most visited areas, and secluded areas,

c) Less expensive tools (unlike television) ;

3- Further Resolves governments that have joined the WHO, UNESCO and agreed to the Decleration of Human Rights to do the following in order to ensure the safety of the citizens:

a) Governments should be involved and in contact with the people, and ensure that all the citizens from men and woman get all their rights including an up to date education,

b) Getting minors to continue their schooling until 18 years old,

c) Insure that the greatest majority of the people are the educated. And should keep in mind the less fortunate part of the community,

d) Build more schools and educational centers, in various areas,

e) Preform awareness sessions in public areas for free;

4- Highlights that

a) All minors below the age of 18 must get their full education and be able to read and write and perform other important skills that will help further on,

b) Getting an education will decrease the problem facing woman and other members of the community,

c) The Community should provide rehabilitation programs for women that undergo domestic violence, and other types of violence,

d) The constant use of the media, and other easy to obtain sources to enlarge issues and make the people aware, and prove the importance of an education,

e) Financial aid should be requested from the Internation Bank for reconstruction and development, or other UN related banks, with low interest fees for developing countries,

f) Countries that are unable to perform any of the changes,must ask the UN for assistance in order to keep the UN organized and updated on each country's current situation.

 

 

Opening Speeches

 

>>Fatemah<<

Africa's abundant treasures have always appealed to many other countries and people; varying from its interesting cultures and rituals, to it's great and valuable gems of the earth. Curiosity of exploring these native values and also discovering the beautifully wild habitat and animals of Africa still suspends our modern world to what one may find in such an exotic paradise as an every day experience. Fortunately enough in this modern paradise, is the place where the different ethnic tribes each add a color to form the painting we call - Kenya.

Kenya is deeply concerned with the issue of the United Nations reform. It has noticed the many hole's that the UN structure has and should be studied immediately in order to have a safe and well-run Organization that seeks world peace. Kenya does not have a national position on Security Council reformation. However, it follows the declared position of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM).Supportive of the Non-Aligned Movement's policy, Kenya believes that the veto power is being abused and reinforces NAM for addressing the question of reforming the UN, especially the possibility of expanding the Security Council to include regional representation. Because of Kenya's limited power to protest against the current form of the UN structure, Kenya considers NAM as its voice in expressing its opinion regarding the reformation of the UN structure.


>>Noura<<

The exotic paradise, where discovering the beautiful wild habitat and animals of Africa, is an every day experience. Where the valuable gems of the earth, and abundant treasures, have always appealed to many. Finally, where the different ethnic tribes and cultural images, each add a color to form the eyecatching and tranquil painting we call Kenya.

Fellow delegates, although Kenya is a true pearl of the African continent, within it exists many controversial issues, one of which is considered the main and most important, which is woman’s rights. Out of one hundred million children that are not in school, two-thirds of them are girls. Also a problem that has been facing all the African States is HIV/AIDS on woman. The main reason for getting this virus is the cause of un awarness, and education which misleads woman to the incoreect path, without understanding the problem or the means of solving it. Women are an undivided part of the community that as civilized countries should take into consideration the safety of each and every member in the community. Kenya is one of the countries that are targeting this problem and is trying to find and resolve it through many different ways.







Statements of the Delegates




Statements of the Ambassadors On November 1-3 2002 in Amman, Jordan, Kenya was proudly represented by two students, Noura Al Khaled and Fatemah Boukhadour, from Al-Bayan Bilingual School. I, Fatemah, was in Assembly "A" and my attempt at representing the Kenya policy in lobbying and merging was greatly successful. My resolution revolved around the issue of the Security Council reformation. Although only four countries agreed to sign my resolution at first and I needed to get 15 signatures at least, luckily I signed another resolution submitted by another country that greatly agreed with the Kenyan policy and was on the same boundaries of mine. The lobbying and merging was full of cooperation, and the end result was something we all had worked hard on.

Unfortunately, our resolution was not debated, but as the Kenyan assembly, in Assembly A, I questioned all aspects concerning the benefit of Kenya and the African region as a whole. To some up, I am sure that Kenya would be proud of our representation of it in the AMMUN event.

In Jordan, Kenya was represented in Assembly "B" by Noura. I mostly focused on the issue of women's rights since it is one of the most controversial issues existing in Kenya. During the lobbying and merging, I got to be the main submitter with 16 countries where we successfully and in a team spirit joined ideas to form a successful resolution that was agreed upon by all. It mainly targeted the problem of women's rights and the means of solving the problem through detailed steps that would hopefully end the problem.