Delegation: New Zealand
Event: AMMUN 2002
Organization: New Zealand
Students: Mohammand Ben Essa and Sarah Al Dukair
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2002-2003 Team page
New Zealand is a democratic country, the country citizens choose the people of the parliament, and all people men and women over the age of eighteen are qualified to vote for its own country parliament so it can be fair to the country and the citizens.
The queen of New Zealand is queen Elizabeth the second, Queen Elizabeth the second have all the power in her hand, she is the one who controls New Zealand, The Queen's representative in this country is the Governor-General who has all the queen attention, because they know what’s going on in the country, they are the priority of the Queen in relation to New Zealand.
The exact location of New Zealand is in Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia, New Zealand land is approximately 268,670 sq km and the total of the water is approximately 10 sq km, and that is not much for a big country, and the total of land and water is 268,680Sq km.
New Zealand is about the size of Colorado in the United States, the Lowest point in New Zealand is the Pacific Ocean that is 0 m, and the highest point in New Zealand is the Mount Cook that is 3,764 m. In New Zealand are about 80% of the population lives in cities; Wellington is the southernmost national capital in the world.
New Zealand uses most of its land in permanent pasture that take 50% of New Zealand, then the forests and woodland take about 36% of New Zealand and they use this to breed animals and grow crops, then comes the permanents crops that take 9% of New Zealand, and then the last is the arable land that takes 5% of New Zealand
New Zealand is rich in is resources, in the old times New Zealand only had three natural resources that are iron ore, sand, and coal, and they lived with these resources for a long time, but then as the time passed New Zealand’s technology got better and better every year, then New Zealand discovered five natural resources that are natural gas, timber, hydropower, gold, and limestone, and know New Zealand is rich in her resources.
Since 1984 the government has accomplished major economic restructuring, moving from a rough economy dependent on a granting British market access towards a more industrialized, free market economy that can compete globally.
This means that it moved more to the left side. This dynamic growth has boosted real incomes, broadened and deepened the technological capabilities of the industrial sector, and contained inflationary pressures. Inflation remains among the lowest in the industrial world.
Per capita GDP has been moving up toward the levels of the big West European economies. New Zealand's heavy dependence on trade leaves its growth prospects unprotected to economic performance in Asia, Europe, and the US. The slump in demand in Asian markets largely explains the slight drop in GDP in 1998. New Zealand's heavy dependence on trade leaves its growth prospects vulnerable to economic performance in Asia, Europe, and the US.
The population of New Zealand is 3,864,129 since July 2001, there are five ethnic groups, and first there is the New Zealand European that cover most of the population that are 74.5% of the population, then there is the Maori that are 9.7% of the population, after the Maori comes the other European that are 4.6% of the population, then comes the Pacific Islander that covers 3.8% of the population and the last ethnic group that covers 7.4% of the population that are the Asian.
In New Zealand there are seven different religions that are Anglican (24%), Presbyterian (18%), Roman Catholic (15%), Methodist (5%), Baptist (2%), other Protestant (3%), and the rest are the unspecified or none (33%).
The two official languages that New Zealand speaks are English and Maori. Most of the ethnic groups in New Zealand get along but other have a sense or racism in their minds, there are no serious effect on new immigrates in New Zealand.
The Maori have some racist problems with New Zealand, like the Indians have with The United States, because the Maori are not given their right in their country due to some problems going on between the Maori and the New Zealanders
New Zealand has a couple of military branches, but the most important branch is the New Zealand Army, that controls the other two branches that are the Royal New Zealand Navy, and the Royal New Zealand Air Force. These three military army accept men from the age of fifteen to the age of forty-nine.
The New Zealand army consists of 1,000,102 men working for the New Zealand army, and for the Royal New Zealand Navy this military force consist of 841,915 men, and the last branch that is the Royal New Zealand Air Force consist of 26,480 men.
New Zealand is a neutral country that does not have any problems, it is a friendly country that is Anti-American, New Zealand has some problems with the United States, but they are working their problems out.
View on world problems:
The government type of New Zealand is parliamentary democracy. New Zealand got its independence on the 26th of September 1907 from The United Kingdom.
New Zealand is a participated in numerous international organizations that are ABEDA, ANZUS (US suspended security obligations to NZ on 11 August 1986), APEC, ARF (dialogue partner), AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, C, CCC, CP, EBRD, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NSG, OECD, OPCW, PCA, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNTAET, UNTSO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
The first people to settle New Zealand were the Maori, who called the islands Aotearoa, the Maori had evidence that they were the first people to settle in New Zealand and the strongest evidence to date indicates that the first major Maori settlement was established about AD 1200.
In part to prevent land-buying by the company, the British government sent Captain (William Hobson) to New Zealand in 1840 as representative, with ability to negotiate with the Maori chiefs. By the terms of the Treaty of Waitangi, which he gone, the Maori give up sovereignty to the British Crown in return for property ownership rights as British subjects, and British defense. They also agreed to sell their land only to the Crown. On February 6, 1840, in a couple of weeks 545 northern chiefs signed the treaty, On May 21, on the basis of the signatures, Hobson declared British sovereignty over the North Island; he claimed the South Island by right of Cook’s discovery. In 1841 New Zealand was form to separate Crown colony, and the capital moved from Russell to Auckland.
The governmental council was eliminated in 1950, a serious of liberal party governments continued in power until 1912, enjoying labor support until a united labor party was organized in 1916. Large tentative landholdings were broken up under legislation that enabled the government to acquire large holdings for sectors, and authorized the purchase of small land holdings on long term mortgages.
In 1907 New Zealand was officially selected a territory of the British Empire, although its form of government was unchanged. It regained its power in 1912. During World War I, an improvement liberal union governed the country. In the war, 103,000 New Zealand men were part of the British forces. New Zealand lost more than 18,000 men during the war, another 40,000 were injured. New Zealand economic problems were forced by the worldwide depression that began in 1930. In 1935 parliamentary elections, the labor party won its first majority in a victory over the national party, formed in 1930 by a union of united and reform parties.
New Zealand contributed a larger percentage of its population to the armed services than any of the allies, except the United Kingdom, at the peak 150,000 workforces were serving in New Zealand’s armed forces. New Zealand wounded numbered some 12,000 dead and 17,000 injured. The Labor Party lost the 1949 general elections to the National Party. With seven other countries, New Zealand signed the South East Asia defense treaty in 1954. New Zealand forces served with UN forces in Korea and Cyprus. Forces from the country have since served with UN peacekeeping missions in various other conflicts.
Maori activism for social and economic rights strengthens during the 1960s and 1970s. Their demands included the use of the Maori language in education and broadcasting, and on official occasions; and more positive programs to defend Maori arts and culture. Their key demands, however, were linked to the return of land under the Treaty of Waitangi. The Waitangi Court was set up under 1975 legislation to examine and make recommendations on Maori land and return privilege. By the early 1990s a large proportion of the country was involved in over 400 claims before the tribunal, but the most contentious area was the large amount of Crown (state-owned) lands in New Zealand. A number of claims with individual tribes were settled, such as the December 1994 agreement between Waikato Maori and the government, but slow progress generally led to an increase in protests by Maori activists during 1994 and 1995. Centered on the North Island, the protests involved the temporary seizure and occupation of culturally important sites, including the Maori Arts and Crafts Institute at Rotorua in April 1995. On May 22 Prime Minister (James Bolger) and (Dame Arikinui) (Te Atairangikaahu), Queen of the Tainui, the largest Maori tribal federation, signed an agreement settling finally the claims associated with some 123,552 acres of land illegally seized by European settlers in the 1860s. Land sold to settlers was not covered under the agreement.
The Labor Party was returned to power in the general elections of November 1957. Its accession coincided with the onset of the economic crisis that was to color the 1960s—a crisis owing in part to a decline in export earnings. The National Party returned to power in 1960 under the leadership of Prime Minister Keith Holyoake. Balance of payments difficulties and inflation led the Holyoake government to retain many of the economic controls imposed by Labor.
In elections held in November, the Labor Party swept back to power, under the leadership of Norman Kirk, who became prime minister. The election of July 1984 returned control of parliament to the labor party, led by David Lange. In an October election, fought mainly about economic issues, labor was thrown out by the national party headed by James Bolger. A junior member of the government left the National Party in September 1994 to set up the Right of Centre Party. In June 1995 seven National Party and Labor Party MPs formed the United New Zealand Party. A union was agreed between the National Party government and the United Party in. February 1996, this gave the government a majority of one vote.
No party achieved an overall majority, but the National Party survey the largest share of the vote, with 34%, In December a union of the National Party and the nationalist New Zealand First (NZF) party was formed. The first general election to the 120-seat parliament to be held under the new electoral system, based on relative representation, was held in October. In November 1997 Jim Bolger announced his resignation. He was replaced by Jenny Shipley, New Zealand’s first female prime minister. Of Bolger’s last official acts as prime minister was the signing of the Ngai Tahu Crown Settlement offer. This offer provides Ngai Tahu, In the November 1999 general election the National Party was voted out and replaced by a coalition of the Labor Party and the left-leaning Alliance. Helen Clark became the new prime minister. The coalition is two seats short of an absolute parliamentary majority and may have to rely on the support of the Green Party for confidence motions and supply bills. New Zealand was the first industrialized country in the world to welcome the 21st century. Thousands gathered at a Maori ceremony at Mount Hikurangi on the east coast of the North Island
Rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts
The issues of rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts it a very important issue, since these days all the countries are getting damaged weather by War, Earth quakes, or other problems, New Zealand totally support this issue.
New Zealand got destroyed in a couple places since the last conflict it has been through, New Zealand is doing its best to rebuild the damages part, New Zealand thinks that all countries that are damaged by a conflict they should get help to recover and rebuild the damages.
Women right, Women’s rights is a good issue for New Zealand, New Zealand thinks that every person, weather it’s a man or a women must get their right, New Zealand thinks that a person is a person, and in New Zealand there is no different between a man and a women.
New Zealand is a model for other countries, New Zealand totally supports women’s rights, because the women have the should have the rights to vote, and/or to have a seat in the parliament, New Zealand gave its women the rights to vote in 1893, a quarter century before Brittan or the U.S.
Student: Mohammed Al-Essa
Issue: Solve international water crisis
Defining solve as "to find a solution to,"
Defining International as "Of, relating to, or involving two or more nations,"
Defining water as "A clear, colorless, odorless, and tasteless liquid,"
Defining crisis as "A crucial or decisive point or situation; a turning point,"
Having Adopted that starvation around the world is increasing rapidly, due to the death of the sea organism in the sea, the reason they died is from the polluted water according to CNN News,
Drawing the Attention that the fact people are getting ill, and they are dieing from drinking polluted water from a lack or a sea according to Dr. Thomas Kasser major in biodiversity in Stanford University in United States,
Aware of that most of the Developed countries are the countries that are polluting the water worldwide from their new technologies according to CNN news,
Bearing In Mind that undeveloped countries are not polluting the water as much as the developed countries because undeveloped countries have no technology to worry about, or stuff the would make them pollute the water, according to BBC News on May 2nd 2001,
Having Studied that according to CNBC News, water pollution is increasing in a large amount and no one is taking measures to solve this huge problem
Having Adopted that even when the water is cleared in the next few years it will go back to its same way, back to pollution,
Referring to the ship in South Africa that was carrying 13,000 tonnes of oil, and it got wrecked and 500 tonnes of the fuel already leaked from a crack, and 800 tonnes is still on board, and by time the crack started to get bigger and bigger and more fuel went out, and more fuel is going out from other cracks,
Having Studied that numbers of beaches closed in the United States of America, due to the pollution of water last year according to a study released Wednesday by the Natural Resources Defense Council.
Keeping in Mind that lakes are getting seriously polluted as the lake of BRUSSELS, Belgium, European, and know it urge countries to restore their rivers, lakes and wetlands, from experience,
Observing that a study by the World Wide Fund for Nature conservation group found that 50 out of 69 river stretches in 16 European countries suffered from poor ecological status,
1. Resolves the formation of the UNSIPWC (The United Nations solving International Problems of Water Crisis), that would have headquarter in Geneva, and have branches in at least three nations on every continent that in Asia 1) Malaysia, 2) Korea, 3) Japan, in Africa it would be 1) Egypt, 2) South Africa, 3) Libya, and in Australia it is 1) Sidney 2) Milberg, 3), in Europe 1) Switzerland, 2) London, 3) Germany, in North and South America it is 1) Canada, 2) Brazil, 3) Chili, that would have an annual meeting scheduled in July to discuss issues of water crisis
Some of this should be detailed as subclauses.
A) The Issue of not enough water that the citizens can live on,
B) How is water getting polluted in these countries,
C) How shall we treat this huge dilemma,
d) Which are the countries that need the most help into solving the water crisis that’s going on in that country,
2. Draws the Attention that each branch of the UNSIPWC will contain 300 people specialized in biodiversity to treat the polluted water, and they will study the region and culture and why the water is actually polluted in first place;
3. Urges all countries to sign a contract to allow the UNSIPWC to take effective measures using high technological equipments to deal with the water crisis that is going on, the effective measures will be planned by the specialized people in water pollution, and then UNSIPWC will take action, and th reason to sign a contract so that nation would not interfere with what the UNSIPWC is doing;
4. Further Resolves that the UNSIPWC will supply water to country that needs it to a limited amount of time, depending on the water issue, and it will supply it till the water problem get fixed, or the polluted water is identified and a proper solution containing away which the polluted water will clear, the water will be supplied from a nearby country, and would be transferred by ships and underground pipes, or other realistic ways deiced by the specialists;
5. Requests some solutions to treat polluted water and they are;
A) Further negotiate two-sided agreements between nations sharing fresh water reserves in order to ensure that both nations receive a fair proportionate share, until the country with polluted water get cleaned,
B) Urging multinational agencies to offer assistance, whether technical, financial, or physical,
C) Have nations that would appreciate assistance undergo an inquiry by a commission that would recommend appropriate action particular to that country’s need,
6. reminds all nations to highly educate people therefore changes in behavior that are necessary to gain benefits from clean water, and prevent the pollution of water;
7. Confirms that after the polluted water is cleaned from the technological equipments that will be supplied from the UNWC a treaty would be signed concerning all nations that a law will be formed against the pollution of water, and a fine will be paid if polluted, according to the situation law will be monitories by official government personals;
8. Proclaims if any country will not sign a treaty to pass the law than that country if faced with the crisis of polluted water will not be helped if and only if the country signs the treaty, a treaty once signed the country cannot take the signature back;
9. Further Resolves that the UNWC specialized official will check polluted water after they have been cleaned annually to see if the amount of pollution has increased or stayed constant, and if it has increased the country will pay th UNWC from the money it has collected from pollution offenders or from the country’s budget this amount of money will be determined by the percentage increase from each annual difference,
Good Afternoon, welcome fellow delegates, welcome from the land of great green mountains, welcome from the land of the best Rugby fields, and welcome from the lands of volcano’s, from the words of Rewi Alley "In the middle of difficulties lies opportunity".
Nations we are gathered here today to solve or at the very least reduce the world problems, and one of these problems, the most important one, it the thing that people live on, and without it no one I mean no one survives, It’s the water Crisis, people are dying every second from this huge dilemma, "Pollution" eh this word, that sound awful, the tone when you say it, the sound when you hear it, pollution is a bad thing, us nations our self need water to live on, Nations we are here today to solve and get rid of this problem, lets put our hand together, and help each other because one hand does not clap by itself either a bird does not fly with one wing.