Event: AMMUN 2002
Resolutions By Country
Algeria: Countries recovering from conflict (debated-Hamad Al Essa) and Water crisis
Argentina: Water crisis (debated-Amna Al Sager)
China: SC reform (debated-Khaled Al Rubei) and Women's rights
European Union: SC reform and Countries recovering from conflict
India: Womens' rights and SC reform (debated-Saja Fakhral-Deen)
Ireland: Women's rights (debated-Faisal Al Ibrahim) and SC reform
Kenya: SC reform and Women's Rights
New Zealand: Water crisis and Women's Rights
Nicaragua: Water crisis and Countries recovering from conflict
Slovenia: Water crisis and Countries recovering from conflict
Question: Countries Recovering From Internal Conflict
Defining countries recovering from conflict as "Countries that have suffered extreme damage to their infrastructure from war or t,"
Aware of the fact that buildings and dwellings are necessary for human life,
Bearing in mind that buildings are what separate us humans from other living beings,
Deeply concerned that the destruction of infrastructure leads to homelessness and poverty, which in turn breeds many complications such as the spreading of diseases and eventually death,
Taking into consideration that "For the past decade, one third of the third world’s homes and building have been destroyed by many years of war," as said by former South-African president Nelson Mandela.
Taking note that "More than 6.5 million people yearly lose their homes as a result of war," as said by secretary general Kofi Annan,
Welcoming the efforts that our South-African brothers have put into rebuilding the many war-torn African countries of this age and in the past,
Expressing its satisfaction for the European Humanitarianism & War Project for greatly helping in rebuilding the many war torn countries of our world,
Viewing with appreciation that many countries have been quick to provide neighbors with aid after catastrophes,
Deeply disappointed that only half of Algeria’s building and homes that were erect in 1995 still stand today,
Deeply concerned that the UN does not put sufficient effort into countries recovering from conflict,
1. Declares the creation of the United Nations Organization for Rebuilding Countries in Conflict (UNORCC), which will be composed of 15 seats for 15 voted members, civil engineers, scientists and construction experts, the location of its headquarters will be in Switzerland,
2. Affirms the engineers, scientist and all members of staff shall be specialized in civil engineering and construction.
3. Encourages any country that has suffered severe damage to try its best in rebuilding its own infrastructure,
4. Designates that for any country to receive and help in rebuilding from the UNORCC, the following procedure is to be adapted:
A. The country is to formally request the UNORCC in writing that it needs help and designate in detail what kind of help that it needs,
B. The organization member are to study that request and send the scientists and construction experts to examine the problems and gather evidence,
C. The scientists and experts will then send a detailed report back to the UNORCC explaining their findings and noting in detail the extent of the damage and what needs to be done,
D. The UNORCC will check if the country is financially capable of paying for the repair jobs, if it is then the UNORCC will sell it equipment, if not then it is to be leased until the construction work is complete,
E. Provide temporary shelters (such as tents) until the job is complete,
5. Confirms that the UNORCC will hire means of transportation (such as ships) to transport the necessary equipment,
6. Resolves that the UNORCC will do the following for countries that have the financial capabilities but not the expert equipment (that lack capital and labor):
A. Hire a team of construction workers using the countries financial assets to work on the job,
B. Buy or rent equipment for the construction workers to work with,
C. Overlook the project until its successful completion,
7. Further resolves that the UNORCC will do the following for countries that have no financial capabilities:
A. Hire a team of construction workers using UN funding to work on the job,
B. Rent equipment for the construction workers to work with,
C. Supervise the project until its successful completion.
Submitted by: Algeria
Student: Hamad Al Essa
Issue: The Question of global cooperation to solve international water crises, including the role of the multilateral agencies as well as UN sub-organs in providing and sustaining sufficient supplies of water to all nations.
Fully Aware that water is essential for life, whether it involves humans, animals, and plants and is a major necessity in life,
Acknowledging that the UN has been involved in water, environment, and sanitation issues since the 1960’s but a solid solution has not been reached yet,
Recalling that there have been many programs and organizations that have tried to put an end to the problem like the World Health organization (WHO) and the Water, Environment and sanitation organization (WES) but have failed,
Deeply Disturbed that today, about 1 billion of the world’s people are without access to safe drinking water, and 3 billion are without sanitary facilities Error! Reference source not found.,
Alarmed that human excreta and sewage are the main causes of deterioration of water quality in developing countries,
Keeping In Mind the shift from rural to urban living in all parts of the world is causing vast numbers of people to subsist in crowded settlements without adequate sanitation, safe drinking water or environmentally safe living conditions,
Taking Into Account where no water is available children and women spend hours every day to fetch it,
Stressing people have the right to live in a dignified way, and everyone, especially every child, has the right to be protected against health hazards due to poor disposal of excreta,
Declaring that lack of environmental sanitation is a public health disaster,
Noting With Deep Concern that some 3 billion people - half of humanity - lack access to toilets or latrines and are unable to practice good hygiene,
Taking Into Consideration that in many parts of the world the water table is declining as a result of over-extraction for agriculture and manufacturing,
Noting Further there are increasing incidents of contaminants such as fluoride and arsenic affecting the safety of water supplies, pollution of both surface and ground water sources from pesticides and industry are posing new challenges,
Bearing In Mind that lack of clean water and adequate sanitation services, unhygienic practices, and poor living conditions remain the prevailing environmental problems faced by children in developing countries,
Having Examined that when combined with water shortages and poor health care, harsh conditions are created that contribute to a heavy disease burden, and a violation of the rights and dignity of children,
Having Studied that a lot of diseases are related to poor water supply and sanitation: -
A) Diarrhea (about 4 million cases of diarrhea per year cause 2.2 million deaths mostly among children under 5,
B) Intestinal worms (they infect about 10% of the population of developing world and depending upon severity of the infection they can lead to malnutrition, and retarded growth… UN.com),
C) Trachoma (about 6 million people are blind from trachoma and studies found that adequate water supply and sanitation could be reduce infection rate by 25%.. www.bbc.co.uk),
D) Schistosomiasis (about 200 million people are infected with schistosomiasis whom 20 million suffer severe consequences. Studies found that adequate water supply and sanitation could reduce infection rate by 77%… www.bbc.co.uk),
E) Cholera (a disease that results from the use or drinking of contaminated water),
Conscious that the principal transmission routes of the diseases listed above are: -
A) Drinking contaminated water,
B) Lack of sufficient safe water for personal hygienic activities,
Emphasizing that as a consequence 2.2 million people in developing countries, most of them children, die every year from disassociated to lack of safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene,
Recalling that past experience has shown the individual government ministries working alone cannot effectively tackle the problem; international agencies like UNICEF, local governments, civil society, and most importantly the community itself, must work together towards sustainable solutions,
1. Draws The Attention to how serious this problem is and the effect it has on people and societies;
2. Authorizes the formation of a new organization that would be formed as soon as this resolution is passed and will be called the Water Access and Sanitation Bureau (WAS) and will therefore supply countries that don’t have legitimate and adequate water resources with: -
A) Technicians and scientists to make a study of the countries resources and possible water wells
B) Technicians to search and excavate possible water wells
C) Adequate supply of water and food until they can support themselves this time period will not exceed more than 6 months
D) Workers and repair personal that will inspect the water pipes or water distribution systems and insure they are in good shape for use
E) Scientists and technicians that would be trained in the newest and most technological ways to operate high tech machinery, make surveys, etc.
F) New technological machines and devices that will help in the search, distribution, and sanitation of water like mobile rigs
3. Confirms the WAS will oversee and do a lot of several different projects to provide and sanitize water and make it suitable for use; only if the country with the problem agrees: -
A)Conduct hydrological surveys and searches for possible water wells
B) Conduct high tech drilling of boreholes in countries with no water sources; deep drilling will be provided for countries where normal drilling is useless such as the African countries, and the Middle East
C) Use the newest technological equipment and ways to sanitize polluted water
D) Discuss new policy concepts with country’s that have polluted water and find ways to stop the pollution such as banning pesticides, and chemical excretions
E) Provide the most appropriate technology and methods for getting water such as extraction of ground water
F) Provide methods for storing, treating and conserving rain water
G) Make water trade agreements with neighboring countries that are abundant with water; that country would supply the other one with water by a series of underground pipes, tanks, etc. the 2 countries will work out a trade agreement, they can trade money, resources, etc.;
4. Designates that the WAS will start a Water Access and Sanitation league that will include several nations from the general assembly that will represent others in their continent; 2 from Europe, 5 from Asia, 1 from North America, 2 from South America, 4 from Africa, and 1 from Australia, these members will change sporadically every 2 years with others from their continent, they will meet every 3 months and when there is an emergency situation, the place will be discussed as soon as the UN passes the resolution, They will oversee, discuss, and research : -
A) New ways of improving water access and sanitation
B) The use of technological equipment and devices for water sanitation and access
C) The many conflicts between countries over water. If this league is not successful and violence or other mishaps occur the case will be sent directly to the International Court of Justice (ICJ)
D) The search for new ways of encouraging people in countries with water problems to pitch in like training them to do the own work, making the equipment needed locally;
5. Confirms that the WAS will work on educating people and therefore promoting behavior changes that are essential to gain full benefits from clean water and prevent a lot of diseases, etc. by: -
A) Creating a water conservation and awareness month that would educate people about the importance of water conservation and hygiene and would run for 31 days b)Creating water conservation and sanitation ads and commercials using mass media that will appeal to the viewers or listeners and aware c)Form school and social projects that will point out to children and teens the importance and significance of clean water and help them;
6. Emphasizing that the overall objective of the Water Access and Sanitation Bureau (WAS) is to promote the survival, protection, and development of people and to promote behavioral changes essential to realizing the full benefits from its services;
7. Congratulates all the nations who have solved or even improved this problem in their country;
8. Urges all nations to pass this resolution for a better future for our children.
Submitted by: Argentina
Delegate: Amna Al-Sager
Issue: The Question of global cooperation to solve international water crises, including the role of multilateral agencies as well as UN sub-organs in providing and sustaining sufficient supplies of water to all nations.
Defining Water crisis " Lack of clean, usable, fresh, un-polluted water; leading to poverty and the emerging of water-borne diseases,"
Aware of the importance of water in our social, economic, political and spiritual live,
Bearing in mind that water is the structure of life and it’s importance cannot be overestimated,
Deeply concerned that water crises lead to poverty, which leads to the spreading of diseases, which sometimes cause,
Taking into consideration that "every year, more than 5 million people die as a result of poor water quality, more than half the victims are children" as said by secretary-general Kofi Annan,
Taking Note that "About one third of the world's population already lives in countries with moderate to high water stress" as quoted by Secretary-General Kofi Annan,
Welcoming the fact that the World Water Council has organized two successful Forums trying to help with the Water crisis issue,
Expressing Its Satisfaction for the World Commission on Water for the Twenty-first Century for guiding the development of the "Long-Term Vision on Water, Life and the Environment in the Twenty-first Century,"
Viewing with Appreciation that some countries have adopted integrated approaches to freshwater management, and created institutions for that purpose,
Supports Argentina for spending a large amount of money to improve water services in the country,
Deeply disappointed that some parts of Argentina receive less than 200mm of rainfall annually,
Alarmed by the water disputes around the world such as the conflict of Tigris,
Deeply concerned That the UN has not come-up with a way to stop water crises,
Proclaims that every nation and its people deserve the proper amount of clean water that they need,
1. Declares the creation of the organization (UNORWC) United Nations Organization of the Reduction of Water Crises, that will be composed of 30 seats for the 30 voted chair members, not including medical aid, technicians and a groups of scientists, the location of its headquarters will be decided by the UN once this resolution is passed,
2. Affirms the scientists and technicians working for them UNORWC will be specialized in transportation, marine biology and treatment of polluted water, and like problems,
3. Encourages any country that is financially capable and has a source of water that has been polluted or in any way, to try its best to sanitize or clean the water and return it to its normal state by using the latest equipment and technology,
4. Further notes that the UNORWC will not treat a polluted water source if it has not showed any signs of harm or danger and living organism,
5. Designates that for any polluted water source to be treated the UNORWC will have to carry out the following steps:
A. Whenever a countries having problems with its water sources it informs the UNORWC, the chair members will decide if the problem is serious enough to take action,
B. If the chair members are not sure they will send the technicians and scientists to clean the water sources of the country that has issued a complaint and will inform the UNORWC how serious the condition is,
C. The scientists and technicians will thoroughly check the water sources with their latest information before reporting what is to be done,
D. Check if the country is financially capable of paying for the costs of the treatment of the water source,
E. If the country isn’t financially capable of paying for the treatment, the UNORWC will provide the country with the latest equipment as needed (depending on the scientist’s and technician’s reports),
F. Provide temporary clean water for the people of the country for a specific period of time set by the members of the UNORWC is essential,
G. Provide medical aid (if needed) is essential,
6. Confirms that the UNORWC will hire sources of transportation to transport water from country to country (such as: ships, underground pipes), whenever needed,
7. Resolves the UNORWC will do the following for the countries that do not have the slightest source of water, or not enough water:
A. Check if the country can afford to buy clean water,
B. If it can not afford it the UNORWC will buy water from the closest country and transport it to the country in need,
C. Offer free medical assistance to the countries in need,
8. Further Resolves The UNORWC will do the following for a group of countries that are having problems sharing one water source:
A. Get the countries with the conflict to sign a contract that allows the UNORWC to take action and try to help them,
B. Compose an arbitration committee that will consist of a representative of each country with the conflict and another representative that will be chosen by the UN,
C. Divide the water source according to the amount of land each country consists of and the number of citizens in each country,
D. The UNORWC and the arbitration committee will make sure that once the water source is divided none of the countries violate each-others water source,
9. Confirms that if anyone is caught violating, or discarding toxic wastes, or polluting in anyway, its countries or another country’s water sources, the security council will take action.
Forum: Security Council.
Delegation: of China.
Delegate: Khaled-Al Rubie.
Question of: The Security Council Reform.
Pointing out that Africa, Oceania, South America and the Middle East have no permanent voice in the Security Council,
Proclaims that the Millennium Summit of the United Nations adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration on September 8th, which states that "we resolve to intensify our efforts to achieve a comprehensive reform of the Security Council in all its aspects", it is a solemn commitment made by leaders of all Member States on the Security Council reform,
Expecting that if an issue was debated in the UN the debate would be different if the concerned country is in the Security Council,
Emphasizing that in order to dissolve contradictions and conflicts in the UN reform effectively and achieve a lasting peace and common security, the purposes and principles of the UN Charter must be strictly complied with,
Pointing out that of all the members of the UN more than 50% are developing nations, therefore we should first of all address the under-representation of the developing countries in the council especially in Africa,
Congratulating the 55th Session of the GA and the Chairman of the Open-ended Working Group on the Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council and Other Matters for his remarks "the time may have come to consider other avenues that would advance this process",
Noting with regret that during the second gulf war no middle eastern nation was on the Security Council which caused the Security council to make decision without a concern nation making its point and explaining it to the members to help them make a better decision,
Deeply Concerned for the under representation of Islamic and Arabic views in the Security Council,
Bearing in mind that the there is no sense of geographical equity when choosing nations on the Security council,
1. Requests that the UN Security Council increases from 15 members to 25;
2. Resolves that the new Security Council will function in the following way:
A. The arrangement of the former 15 will not change,
B. Of the new ten seats five will be non-permanent seats and the other 5 will be permanent non-Veto seats given to regional organizations,
C. The 5 non-permanent seats will not be chosen the same way the former 10 were chosen;
3. Recommends that 4 of the permanent 5 non-Veto members on the new Security Council will be given to regional organizations:
A. The Organization of African Unity,
B. The Arab League,
C. The Organization of American States,
D. The European Union;
4. Further Recommends That the fifth non-Veto Permanent seat will be shared by Australia, India, Pakistan, and The Association of Southeast Asian Nations AND will function like this:
A. Every Security Council term (2 years) will have one representative,
B. The representatives will rotate one term with Australia one with Pakistan one with India and one with ASEAN,
C. ASEAN’s Representative will be chosen the same way the other Regional organizations choose their representative;
5. Further Requests that the regional organization will choose their representatives in the following ways:
A. Before every term of the Security Council the regional organization will vote for a member it wants to make a representative,
B. The regional organizations have the right to impeach or switch their representative if there is an emergency;
6. Further Resolves That the 5 non-permanent new members will be chosen by the last term’s Security Council's 10 non-permanent;
7. Recommends That the old 10 non-permanent members will be chosen by a vote from the general assembly;
8. Resolves That every session of the Security Council will last 2 years and a half unless the General Assembly dissolves it by:
A. With a unanimous vote the General assembly (except the ones on the Security Council ) can dissolve the 15 non-permanent members,
B. The General Assembly will choose the new 15,
C. The General Assembly will choose which should be the new 5 and the new 10.
Human Rights: Muneera Al Nibari
Country: The Peoples Republic of China
Delegate: Muneera Al- Nibari
The Question of: The Role of the United Nations in placing a clear framework that clearly defines woman’s rights and sets guidelines that ensure the implementation of these rights.
Defining women as a gender of Mankind whom has the right to life, liberty, and security of person,
Notes that THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (UDHR) that is a common standard set for all peoples all nations, to the extent of every individual and every organ of society, this Declaration shall attempt to teach and educate, to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by advancing actions shall secure the universal identification of humans, among the peoples of Member States themselves the territories under their control,
Expressing Its Appreciation towards Amnesty International that has over a million members from 140 different countries, for its effort through its Human Rights Education Campaign, whose pillars are:
A. Help prevent violations,
B. Strengthen action and campaigns,
C. Encourages respect and tolerance,
D. Integrates the principles of human rights into everyday life,
Applauds the U.N.’s World Conference on Women in Beijing, which is an event that gained respect for women’s rights and will continue to improve the status of women around the globe,
Draws the attention to the fact that women face disadvantages in societies around the world common problems are lower pay for work of equal value, high illiteracy rates, and have been abused and assaulted against, sometimes sexually,
Pointing out that it’s not equal pay for equal work because according Error! Reference source not found. to women employed in industry and services are earning 78 per cent of what men earn in the same sector,
Noting with deep concern that according to http://www.un.org/WCAR/e-kit/issues.htm out of the 960 million illiterate adults two-thirds are women,
Alarmed by the escalating 1.3 billion living in poverty and 70 per cent are women,
Defining trafficking as the act of trading, dealing or harboring, in this case women within or across borders by deception or coercion,
Bearing in mind that millions of women, are tricked, sold, or even forced into situations of exploitation from which they cannot escape,
Supports The Global Alliance Against Trafficking in Women (GAATW) for its effort, which includes its National Advocacy Project (NAP) that includes:
A) Achievement of the Trafficking Protocol and the passing of national legislation that will include human rights protection for trafficked persons,
B) Implementation of the Human Rights Standards (HRS) by agencies providing services,
C) Network building with a focus on these objectives,
1) Requests that countries do the following escalating and delicately balance their religious and cultural beliefs, and not be forced to for that’s interfering with national sovereignty:
A Equal political rights
B Equal working rights
C Equal ownership of property rights
D Equal rights to life, health and freedom
E Equal rights in family and marriage
F Equal educational rights,
2) Condemns the rapidly spreading act of trafficking and all of those supporting it through out the world,
3) Resolves the creation of the organization United Nations Against Trafficking UNAT,
4) Calls upon all countries to cooperate and become a member of the UNAT so that we’ll bring down trafficking and member countries will do the following:
A Define trafficking as all forms of forced labor, services, slavery and sexual exploitation,
B Any persons not abiding this law will be sentenced to jail
i. if the slavery is violated for 20 years,
ii. life imprisonment will be given to violations that include death, kidnapping, sexual abuse of victim,
C Increase security around places where traffickers might come through like:
ii. Border crossings
5) Further resolves that the seriousness of trafficking is not known to the world and the UNAT will:
A) Broaden teaching about trafficking all through member countries by:
i. Commanding awareness programs in places open to the public
ii. Increasing education about trafficking through classes in schools
B) Enhance awareness through media programs like:
i. Television commercials and infomercials
ii. Radio advertisements
iii. Posters and pamphlets given out in public places,
6) Requests that trafficked people be treated as victims of serious human rights violations and taken into shelters that will provide the following:
A) A place to stay until stable
B) Medical and physiological assistance
C) Information on legal rights
i. trafficking victims will not be arrested
ii. victims are able to seek witness protection programs
D) Education and training to find jobs for self support,
7) Expresses its faith in the UNAT creating a world free with harsher laws on trafficking and support for trafficking victims.
Delegate: Abdullah Bourhamah
Issue: The Question of reforming the current United Nations structure including; possible elimination of veto power, more regional representation and more diverse methods of funding amongst others
Defining veto as the power to reject any that has been proposed in a resolution,
Affirming the role of the United Nations Security Council, in maintaining peace and stability in the world within and between regions,
Emphasizing that the EU would need a more active role in the Security Council or any country in the European area, especially Germany,
Pointing out that Africa, Latin America and the Islamic World have no permanent voice that they can genuinely speak for the international community,
Fully alarmed by the constant deliberate desecration of justice in the Security Council,
Pointing out that the ambassador of Pakistan has stated "An increase in the non-permanent category would help remove the major grievance of the general membership at the lack of opportunity to participate in and contribute to the work of the Council", and many nations around the world agree with him according to official UN document,
Recognizing and applauding the work of the Security Council; yet
Noting with concern the lack of Democratic Decision making and the fundamental contradiction of Article 24 of the Charter which assumes that the Security Council acts on behalf of all the members of the United Nations,
Bearing in mind that equity in the Security Council should be achieved and promoted through the removal of the veto power,
1. Resolves that an additional membership of the Security Council in which it will consist of 18 non-permanent states that rotate every 2 years in which the seating would be divided as follow:
A) The Middle East would have two seats due to regional conflicts (i.e. Kuwait/Iraq and Palestine/Israel),
B) Asia three seats due the massive size of the continent and the economic affairs between many countries,
C) North America one seats due to the fact that the US. is a permanent member and also that there is no conflicts in that region,
D) South America three seats due to the economic problems and poverty of that region,
E) Australia and Oceanic two seats since there are only two countries on that region there is no need for more that two,
F) Europe four seats since there has been conflicts between many nations in Europe and is needed to have more members,
G) Africa three seats due to the fact that there is many conflicts between nations in this region and the high level of poverty and malnutrition,
2. Requests the elimination of the veto power is needed to for the equity of the Security Council and will commence in a slow and organized approach:
A. The permanent 5 members would have the full veto right until 2005, which should only be allowed in peacekeeping missions,
B. Starting from the year 2005 until 2015, when 3 permanent SC members go against a resolution it will be considered as one veto,
C. Starting from the year 2015 until 2025, the veto power of one permanent member will be an equivalent of 5 non-permanent members,
D. Starting from 2025 until 2030, the vote of all five permanent members of the Security Council will the equivalent of eight non-permanent members,
E. the veto power should be eliminated by the year 2030;
3. Urges all member states to support an increase in the membership of the Security Council since this will:
A. Introduce diverse points of view in each topic, which will result in more thoughtful and rightful decisions.
B. Give a chance for nations to express their policies towards issues.
4. Encourages all of the permanent 5 members of the Security Council to vote for this resolution since it solves the question of equity slowly and in a civilized manner;
5. Further encourages all non-permanent member states to vote for this resolution since it promotes equity within the Security Council further more;
Committee: Human Rights
Delegate: Ahmad Al-Shammari
Issue: The Role of the United Nations in placing a framework that clearly defines women’s rights and sets guidelines that ensure the implementations of these rights.
Defining rights as something that people are allowed to do or have,
Congratulates the world for the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995 that was the largest conference ever held by the United Nations where governments agreed on a "platform for action" aimed removing the remaining obstacles to women's full participation in society,
Recalling the three world conferences during the UN. sponsored International Women's Decade (1976-1985) set an agenda for the advancement of women and of women's rights, nationally and internationally,
Recognizing all the efforts presented by UNIFEM (United Nations Development Fund for Women)_1967_ which is an autonomous agency associated with the UNDP that supports projects benefiting low-income women in developing countries,
Noting with deep appreciation all the efforts presented by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women as well as its monitoring bodies stationed in different nations of the world,
Emphasizing on the fact that two thirds of the world's 876 million illiterates are women and the number of illiterates is not expected to decrease significantly in the next twenty years as the UN Statistic Division noted,
Taking into Consideration that women now comprise an increasing share of the world's labor force---at least one third in all regions except northern Africa and western Asia, UN Statistic Division,
Bearing in mind the fact that women's rights are ignored by ALMOST 50% of all nations of the world,
Deeply disturbed by the fact that in some nations sterilization by women is considered a felony, and that such a procedure is only permitted when a woman's life was in danger and then only with her husband's permission,
Noting with deep regret the fact that a new law that states "if a rapist married the woman he attacked, he was not liable for prosecution" is a remaining legal inequity in some nations,
Alarmed by the fact that physical and sexual abuse affect millions of girls and women worldwide-yet are known to be seriously under-reported, UN Statistic Division, on the fact that in some nations, sexual crime offenders (rapists) as well as abusers (physical, mental, and sexual) often go unpunished,
Emphasizing Women and girls comprise half of the world's refugees and, as refugees, are particularly vulnerable to sexual violence while in flight, in refugee camps and/or during resettlement. UN Statistic Division,
1. Resolves the formation of the UNOWR (United Nations Organization for Women's Rights) that would have headquarters in Switzerland, and have branches in at least five nations on every continent, it would have an annual meeting scheduled in June to discuss issues such as:
A. the involvement of women in legal issues,
B. the involvement of women in political issues,
C. the involvement of women in economic issues,
D. the involvement of women in social issues
E. the women rights organization around the world
G. giving tasks to UN organizations and sub-organization to perform this resolution, each with its job and funding such tasks;
2. Urges countries to condemn violence against women and refrain from invoking any custom, tradition or religious consideration to avoid their obligations with respect to its elimination;
2. Have Resolved that countries produce a curriculum that fulfills both genders without discrimination;
3. Further Recommends that nations provide women with elegant health care with equal terms as men;
4. Further Urges that nations change their legal system to allow women to ownership right of premises and assets with equal terms as men;
5. Further Encourages that nations ought to change their legal system to give women all the economic and financial opportunities of investing with equal terms as men;
6. Further Resolves government to start a zero-tolerance campaign on violence against women, with punishing all sexual crime offenders (rapists) and abusers to be promptly transferred to court, which would punish them at a minimum of 5 years in jail to a maximum of 20 years, the sentence will be determined on how bad the victim is harmed either physically and mentally by court;
7. Further urges Nations to ensure care for victims of rape, assault, sexual harassment to get help needed by Hospitals, Social help, psychiatrists, Economic, Police station
8. Recommends that people be educated about the growing menace of violence against women through ways of mass media, including TV, school assemblies, radio, pamphlets etc., which will be provided by the UNOWR if the countries’ budgets don’t allow them to have any mass media;
9. Requests the establishment of a real equality of opportunity for men and women in their access to elective and party positions by means of affirmative action in the regulation of political parties and in the electoral system;
10. Recommends countries to produce new marriage laws that fights concubine, polygamy, hitting women, and discrimination;
Delegate: Saja FakhralDeen
Issue: the question of reforming the current United Nations structure including; possible elimination of veto power, more regional representation and more diverse methods of funding amongst others.
Defining veto as the rejection of something proposed according to the Oxford dictionary and thesaurus,
Having studied that the ministers of Japan, Denmark, Costa Rica, Moldova, Korea, Turkey, and Canada, the foreign minister of Egypt, the President of Poland, as well as foreign ministers of P5 countries themselves, China and France, have admitted to the need of instant reformation of the Security Council,
Emphasizing on the fact that the question of global security cannot be left in the hands of five countries (Security Council permanent veto-power members) or any other group of states who are accountable to the rest of the general body of the United Nations on a permanent basis, yet it still is,
Pointing out the fact that India can help the UN work towards the problems of poverty, illiteracy, urban sprawl, natural calamities, etc.… India being a sufferer of those evils can contribute a great deal towards formulating a workable approach at the United Nations on these issues, such as the recent floods in Europe, the earthquakes in Asia, poverty in Africa and Asia,
Affirming the fact that the willingness of the Indian state to send its soldiers on various peace-keeping operations, with their army being considered one of the most disciplined armies in the world, is an important qualification for its being given permanent membership, seeing as it will be called upon by the United Nations and the Security Council to play a major role in resolving future conflicts, more and more, and also India has been one of the few countries which has participated in all the military operations the Security Council had undertaken so far,
Taking into consideration the fact that some current Security Council permanent, veto-power members, such as France believe in the need for better representation in the council while preserving the efficiency of its work, France was prepared to accept an increase of five permanent members, including India,
Keeping in mind that the Secretary General himself, Kofi Annan, backed the issue of the Security Council reform, which came up in a meeting of the Non-aligned Movement which was held in New Delhi, India, they proposed the need of Asian and African, which include Islamic voices in the Security Council, because they should have a say in what happens in and around them in the world,
Taking note that the Indian sub-continent, South America, Australia, and Africa, which includes Islamic states, do not have any permanent voice whatsoever in the Security Council,
Taking into account the fact that decisions on Security Council expansion were related to Charter amendments and were, therefore, subject to adoption by the same two-thirds majority of the General Assembly membership as that specified by Article 108 on Charter amendments,
Recalling the Gulf War, in which Kuwait had to suffer seven months under the Iraqi occupants because the Security Council was too slow to make a decision and take action, furthermore, had Kuwait attended the sessions held regarding the Gulf War, the Security Council would have had many proposals presented by the country, which might have contributed to ending the war faster and more efficiently,
Referring to the rivalries of Ethiopia, Eritrea, DR Congo, and Liberia, countries such as Nigeria and South Africa could have been very helpful if present in the Security Council during debate time, but unfortunately the SC does not accept them, which lead to the wars being prolonged and lasting even longer than necessary,
1. Requests the addition of four more countries and an organization to the Security Council as permanent veto power members, the new arrangement would be as follows
A) the current five nations, which include points of view from:
i) North America,
B) the Organization of African Union (OAU), which would present Africa’s point of view in general, or in specifics if necessary,
C) India, which would present the Indian Sub-Continent’s point of view,
D) Argentina and Nicaragua, presenting South and Central America’s points of view, SO both have permanent seats in the Security Council, but they will be sharing the veto power, they will switch possession every two years, along with the non-permanent member change,
E) GCC countries, presenting the Middle East’s and Islamic points of view, every year the nations will rotate; therefore, it will be a six year circle;
2. Urges the Security Council to expand its non-permanent seats (non-veto members), to hold countries from different regions of the world, in order to diversify policies, points of views, and proposals, and the arrangement would be as follows:
A) two seats for Asia, one for the Indian sub-continent, and one for East Asia, with China and the GCC countries as permanent members, that will make four,
B) two seats for either Australia, New Zealand, and Pacific and Oceanic islands,
C two seats for South and Central America, with Argentina and Nicaragua as permanent members, that will make four,
D) three seats for Africa, one for an individual member of the OAU, and two for African countries that are not members of the OAU;
3. Recommends that the non-permanent members be chosen wisely, taking into consideration different questions, such as
A) is the country involved in any current issue, crisis, etc.…?
B) is the country’s policy needed, required, or requested for this issue?
C) is it necessary for the country to hear what the other countries’ policies are?
D) is the country suffering from this issue or anything related to it?
E) if the country benefit itself and/or the world by attending the sessions?
F) these questions will be answered according to a majority vote in the Security Council (no vetoes) and later a majority vote in the General Assembly;
4. Resolves that the Security Council put together the names of the non-permanent member countries chosen for the two year term that are needed at the sessions and clearly state why in a proposal and send it to the General Assembly six months prior to the rotation, it would be debated, amended if necessary and then passed, that will give the countries that are chosen some time to prepare, that way it would be ensured that all countries needed for their policy statements will be available upon request, which might be necessary in some cases, for their points of view can be vital in the final decision making;
5. Further resolves that the non-permanent members will be rotated every two years, no nation is allowed to be in two consecutive two-year terms, unless the presence of that country is necessary, and that would be determined by the permanent, veto-power members, who would write the country’s name(s), and specifically why they need it in the SC in their proposal to the General Assembly which will debate it and vote on it;
6. Trusts that the entire world would benefit from such arrangements, seeing the diversity of attendees in the Security Council, ensures a diversity of policies, points of views, proposals, etc.… it also ensures the availability of nations suffering/benefiting from the current issues being discussed, and countries that have experience in the issue, can be extremely helpful, for they would know important information such as
A) what kind of problems could result of whatever issue is being discussed, which could then be taken into consideration,
B) the insight of social, economical, and political instability that can result of the issue being discussed.
Committee: Human Rights
Delegate: Faisal al Ibrahim
The question of: The Role of the United Nations in placing a framework that clearly defines women’s rights and sets guidelines that ensure the implementations of these rights.
Defines the women right as the right to say, do and receive respect of others as human being receives,
Condemns every person that forces his daughter to be marrying legally or illegally to anther man without the permission of his daughter,
Alarmed that over 70 percent of African babies is born in some parts of Africa out of wedlock according to NAACP,
Fully alarmed that according to the Human Right Organization that most women that choose abortion don’t have a husband, which prove that they had been sexually abused but are scared to tell anyone,
Noting that according to UNICEF the suicide rate for young African females aged 10 to 19 increased by 114 percent since 1980,
Guiding By Amnesty International in its 1999 report entitled "Women in Afghanistan: Pawns in Men's Power Struggles" describes how "women were treated as the spoils of war" by the Mujahidin,
Applauding the National Organization for women (NOW) to all of the supports to the women right and all the effort to give the women their rights,
Congratulating the Global Women’s Rights and women’s commission for refugees for all the effort that they did to give the women their rights,
1) Create: a new organization called the Woman Rights Organizations (WRO) that;
A) Runs under the theme " women and men are humans give them equal rights."
B) Is a part of the human right committee that is part of the United Nations
C) Define clearly women’s rights and sets guidelines that ensure the implementations of these rights
D) Identifies all the countries that don’t give the woman all her rights.
E) Would focus on these countries and try to find solution to give the woman back her rights.
2) Calling upon all countries that the women’s rights organization rate it as a country that doesn’t give the woman her right as the organization defines it so that the WRO would concentrate their effort to give the women their right;
3) Resolves: the Woman Right Organizations to educate both males and females in:
A) Introducing new course about the importance of woman,
B) Providing professionals that would teach the teacher in school how to deal with that course.
C) Encouraging the authors and editors in televisions, radios Newspaper and magazines by making competitions for the best writer and televisions shows;
4) Further resolves the Woman Right Organization to give a free one-week program to both male and female in churches before being married or in other religious place such as temples;
A) Showing how is the woman important to the society,
B) Supporting teachers are from the country or speak the language that is spoken in his country and speaks English,
C) Creating a center to teach the teacher how to give the one-week program,
D) The center can be in Ireland or can be deciliter,
5) Requests a free Lawyers from the Woman Right Organization to women that had been abused by men
A) Offering the free lawyer to the women that are and cannot a afford a lawyer
B) Prevented from abusing woman because men would know that they could be taken to justice if they attacked any woman and think twice before attacking any woman;
6) Endorses religious facts that abortion is band in most religion women that are welling to abort the fetus in anther country doctors must question the woman before doing the abortion for:
A) Warning the woman that it is against her religion.
B) Helping The woman can be and sent to WRO to get a free lawyer to stop males from abusing her or other females.
Delegate: Hamad I. Al Sager
Issue: question of reforming the current United Nations structure including; possible elimination of veto power, more regional representation and more diverse methods of funding amongst others.
Defining Veto power as an undemocratic and inappropriate way for voting procedures,
Have studied that many UN member states are arguing that the veto privilege is responsible for the Security Council’s undemocratic and ineffective procedures. Obviously, the Veto power holders do not want to loose their veto power,
Noting that the US threatens to veto all peace keeping resolutions unless the UN Security Council adopt a new omnibus resolution exempting all UN peacekeepers from the jurisdiction of the court,
Recalls that the majority of voters should decide whether or not a resolution should pass or fail, not by one voter holding veto power and eliminating the whole resolution and according towww.globalpolicy.org, many countries are issuing resolutions on how the veto is unfair, and plans to eliminate the Veto,
Keeping in mind that the majority of voters have agreed nearly every peacekeeping resolution, until one UN member state vetoes this resolution and the resolution fails.
A. One example occurred in 25 June 1999 when Russia vetoed the abolition of the Veto and caused the upside in the Security Council, where many nations, like America threatened to use the veto against peacekeeping resolutions,
1. Suggests that all peacekeeping resolutions should have veto power out of the question and letting the majority have their rights,
2. Requests the United Nations to select permanent delegates arranged by the member states to solve international terrorism in order to avoid any obstructions.
A. The Security Council will select 25 non-permanent delegates that have experience in Political issues and have a place in the political environment in or out of their country.
B. It will be called "The international Committee of Veto Power (ICVP).
C. The headquarters of this committee will be located in Geneva, Switzerland, where any country who wishes to attack this committee will be causing disruption for a neutral country.
D. The committee will be established one year after this resolution passes.
E. The committee’s job will be to study the explanations of the country that wishes to use its veto power, and to study how many countries are for or against the existence of the veto power.
F. After all this is over, a new debate will be established in order to discuss and decide the future of the Veto power where any country that holds the veto power will not hold it.
3. Urges all countries willing to use veto power should think thoroughly on what effect this action will have apron a conflict and the future; assuming that no resolution will have a serious harm for countries that have the veto power because they are said or recognized to be the most powerful nations of the world.
4. Proclaims that every country that has veto power has to have a certain limit for the time being until the veto power’s future will be agreed.
A. This issue will be studied by the ICVP, and a report will appear stating results on the study we obtained from.
B. Each country having Veto Power will receive certain limits on using this privilege with reason and the number of limits will be issued by the ICVP (when established) according to their research and studies.
C. These countries will be incapable of using their veto power on peacekeeping resolutions unless the resolution includes war.
5. Further urges all countries that do not have veto power should ignore the veto and continue resolving conflicts.
6. Seeks help from the citizens of the world to express their desire whether or not the veto should exist.
Delegation: The Republic of Kenya
Delegate: Fatemah Boukhadour
Question of: reforming the current United Nations structure including; possible elimination of veto power, more regional representation and more diverse methods of funding amongst others.
Defining the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) as a movement consisting of 115 states that focus on the advocacy of solutions to global, economic and other problems,
Defining Veto Power as the right to reject, prohibit, and or forbid a measure or a resolution unilaterally; veto power is entirely under the control of the USA, Russia, Great Britain, China, and France (the five permanent members of the United Nation's Security Council),
Bearing in Mind the importance of the Security Council in protecting the rights of all countries and their national sovereignty, and taking measures to implement any immediate action to protect these countries from any invasion or attack,
Observing that the voting procedures in the Security Council as written in the UN charter abides by the following manner, "Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members,"
Deeply Concerned about the possible misuse of the VETO Power by permanent members in fulfillment of personal interests,
Taking into Account that NAM, as consisting of the most third world country member’s, should have an important view on the reformation of the Security Council and has a position on it by the resolutions it comes up with,
Observing the lack of regional representation in the Security Council in order to have immediate action implemented in these specific regions,
Emphasizing on the immediate attention towards the reform of the Security Council, which includes the reduction of the power of the VETO Power and the increase in regional representation in accordance with NAM resolutions,
1. Notes the seriousness of the position of the Security Council and its immediate reformation in order to improve its working capabilities and its goal in protecting the national sovereignty of countries;
2. Further Proclaims that the Secretary General should have noticed the current situation in the Security Council and taken measures to renovate its structure through the voice of all the Nations in the UN, which would be the General Assembly;
3. Expresses with Appreciation the NAM member countries that have all united to come up with a resolution that would fully show the decisions of all the 115 countries and their views on the UN reformation;
4. Calls Upon all Permanent Countries in the Security Council and all UN members to cooperate with NAM in order to bring forth the stance of the 115 countries that NAM represents to the UN reformation program;
5. Resolves that, according to all NAM members and under the name of the Movement, the following considerations should be taken to reform the UN Security Council:
A. The veto should be curtailed with a view to its elimination and that the Charter should be amended so that, as a first step, the veto power should only apply to actions taken under Chapter VII of the Charter,
B. Increase the membership of the Security Council by not less than 15 based on the principles of equitable geographical distribution and sovereign equality of States,
C. The negotiation process should be truly democratic and transparent, and negotiations on all aspects should be held, in all cases, in an open ended setting,
D. Both reform and expansion of the Security Council should be considered as integral parts of a common solution,
E. The extent, nature and modalities of the expansion of the Security Council should be determined on the basis of the principles of equitable geographical distribution and sovereign equality of states;
6. Further Resolves that the following procedures be taken in order to comply with the NAM resolution:
A. The 5 Permanent members of the Security Council would take measures to decrease the authority of the VETO Power by coinciding to the majority vote of VETO Power among the 5 countries.
B. The membership of the Security Council will increase to 21:
i. 5 seats for the Permanent Members,
ii. 6 seats for members that would be elected by the 5 permanent members representing each continent in the world with majority vote, they would also serve members but with no VETO Power,
iii. 10 seats for countries that would be elected by majority vote among the 11 permanent countries and would serve a term of 2 years,
C. Establishing a committee consisting of 5 countries voted by the General Assembly to serve a term of 2 years with the non-permanent members of the Security Council to look into the structure of the Security Council and bring forth recommendations and ideas of increasing the proficiency and workability of the Security Council. These idea’s would be set forth to the Secretary General whom would affirm it, and then sent to the Security Council to debate;
7. Expresses its Hope that all countries would agree to these changes and cooperate with the Security Council to present a council that would ensure the safety of all countries and establish security and order in the world.
Committee: Human Rights
Delegation: The Republic of Kenya
Delegate: Noura Al- Khalid
The Question of: The Role of the United Nations in placing a framework
that clearly defines woman’s rights and sets guidelines that ensure the implementation of these rights.
Affirming awareness programs must be available to inform woman of how to tackle problems, and show that getting an education can help,
Defining right of women to share on equal terms with men the political privileges afforded by representative government and, more particularly, to vote in elections and referendums and to hold public office,
Looking Upon all forms of depriving woman of their rights are considered against the Human Rights, and the Declaration of Human Rights, that was agreed to by all UN member,
Noting with Deep Concern Out of one hundred million children that are not in school, two-thirds of them are girls, according to the UN.org,
Further Noting that the uneducated African underage woman are almost all infected by HIV/AIDS and do transmit it through pregnancy,
Emphasizing A draft resolution sponsored by Zambia, on behalf of the group of African states, on woman, the girl child and HIV/AIDS (document E/CN.6/2000/L.6). Would have the Commission urge governments to take all necessary measures to strengthen women's economic independence and to protect and promote their human rights and fundamental freedoms in order to allow them to better protect themselves from HIV infection,
Supporting the United Nations, African states, (WHO) World Health Organization, (UNESCO) United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organizations,
Draws the attention to the international countries that have agreed to sign to the (WHO), that according to its constitution it is "The directing and coordinating authority on international health." And is responsible for helping all peoples to attain "the highest possible levels of health",
Congratulates the WHO and the UNESCO for their true efforts in trying to help in reaching a level of knowledge for woman, and ensuring their rights,
Regrets that some nations aren’t taking the matter seriously, and realizing the magnitude of the problem, and how it makes the country’s position towards its people,
1-Strongly urges countries:
a) To support and cooperate with organizations that are trying to help in ending this problem, like the UNESCO, and the WHO,
b) To join these organizations, to help in reaching a solution;
2-Resolves countries that have agreed on the policies that World Health Assembly (the central structure of WHO which includes the policy-making body.) And UNESCO to apply the following:
A) enlarge awareness programs by flyers,
B) Setting banners in most visited areas, and secluded areas,
C) Less expensive media tools (unlike television) ;
3-Further Resolves governments that have joined the WHO, UNESCO and agreed to the Declaration of Human Rights to do the following in order to ensure the safety of the citizens:
A) Urging governments to get involved and in contact with the people, and ensure that all the citizens from men and woman get all their rights including an up to date education,
B) Getting minors to continue their schooling until 18 years old,
C) Insuring that the greatest majority of the people are the educated. And should keep in mind the less fortunate part of the community,
D) Building more schools and educational centers, in various areas,
E) Performing awareness sessions in public areas for free;
4- Highlights that
A) All minors below the age of 18 must get their full education and be able to read and write and perform other important skills that will help further on,
B) Getting an education will decrease the problem facing woman and other members of the community,
C) The Community should provide rehabilitation programs for women that undergo domestic violence, and other types of violence,
D) The constant use of the media, and other easy to obtain sources to enlarge issues and make the people aware, and prove the importance of an education,
E) Financial aid should be requested from the International Bank for reconstruction and development, or other UN related banks, with low interest fees for developing countries,
F) Countries that are unable to perform any of the changes, must ask the UN for assistance in order to keep the UN organized and updated on each country's current situation.
Delegate: Naser Al-Aujan
Issue: The Question of global cooperation to solve international water crises, including the role of multilateral agencies as well as UN sub-organism providing and sustaining sufficient supplies of water to all nations.
Defining water as "the clear liquid, essential for all plant and animal life, that occurs as rain, snow, and ice, and forms rivers, lakes, and seas,"
Defining crisis as "a situation or period in which things are very uncertain, difficult, or painful, especially a time when action must be taken to avoid complete disaster or breakdown,"
Aware THAT, according to BBC, that one person out of five people does not have access to a fresh water supply,
Believing that according to UN officials that there will be wars in 25 years in the African Content because of lack of fresh water and the control of shared of lakes and rivers,
Bearing in mind that according to BBC, Mexico City, one of the largest cities in the world, is sinking because of the large amounts of water that was and is pumping out of the ground,
Recognizing that according to the International Forum on Globalization (IFG) half of the water on earth is fresh, and the global water consumption is doubling every 20 years,
Aware of the swapping of threats between Israel and Islamic Movement Hizb Allah about the use of the Litani river for the distribution of water to ten villages and the use of ten feet of water, bearing in mind that the Litani bores in Lake Tiberia the most important fresh water resource in Israel,
Applauding the effort of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the World Health Organization (WHO) for all of their actions towards this issue,
1. Resolves that the United Nations will form an organization that control water problems called The United Nations Water Control Organization (UNWCO) and the goal is to stop or decrease water problems;
2. Further Resolves that UN members can become members of UNWCO, and the headquarters of UNWCO would be Geneva, Switzerland, and UNWCO’s meetings should be held every year and during any crisis, and UNWCO needs a minimum of 100 agents from different member countries of the world who are appointed by the UNWCO;
3. Declares that any member sate of the UN wishing to become a member should agree on all the rule and regulations proposed by the UNWCO which are:
A. Not polluting the water and not miss using it,
B. Protecting the water environment,
C. Allowing UNWCO agents to go in and out of their country,
D. Writing any additional rules in the UNWCO meetings;
4. Confirms that UNWCO will help member countries that just suffered from a flood, and member countries that lack water, and member countries with a dispute about water, and give members necessary loans, and try to stop water pollution;
5. Emphasizes that UNWCO will give member countries that have been affect by floods the necessary aid through:
A. Sending UNWCO agents, by the authority of the country, to the damaged area and estimated the damages,
B. The UNWCO agents sending reports to the UNWCO about the damages and the estimate,
C. The UNWCO assembly voting for or against giving that country aid ;
6. Affirms that UNWCO will give low interest loans that will last long to member countries to be used for buying fresh water, rebuilding dams, and constructing projects that will preserve the fresh water in the country, the UNWCO should get the money from the World Bank because it supports reconstruction and benefiting projects through:
A. Member countries who need the loan filing for the loan in the amount that they want and the reason for that loan,
B. The UNWCO authorizing this loan,
C. The UNWCO sending agents to the country with loan to make sure that the money is going to the cause of the loan,
D. the UNWCO putting violators of the rules out to face consequences decided by the UNWCO;
7. Declares that the UNWCO will try to solve any dispute or conflict that relates to water between any member country and any other country by:
A. Sending agents to negotiate with each country separately about resolving the conflict,
B. Asking for the help of neighboring countries
C. Arranging joint meetings with the countries of dispute, the UNWCO, and the neighboring countries,
D. Signing a treaty between the countries of dispute,
E. Ensuring the safety of the water sources and ensure that they will not be shot by any country;
8. Notes that the UNWCO will try to give member countries that lack fresh water enough water by:
A. Sending agents to inspect the lack of fresh water,
B. Trying to send water from the nearest source,
C. Trying to arrange business treaty of exchanging water for another resource,
D. Trying to give financial aid;
9. Emphasizes that the UNWCO will press severe consequences on any country that pollutes the water by:
A. Sending agents, with the approval of the country, to estimate the damage done to the water,
B. The UNWCO’s agents sending a report to the UNWCO,
C. The UNWCO drawing the attention of the polluting country by sending letters and agents;
D. The UNWCO issuing a warning and fine to reaper the damage that has been done,
E. The UNWCO, after five warnings, throwing the polluting country out of the UNWCO and charged a UNWCO decided upon fine
F. The UNWCO confiscated a ship, if used in the pollution, and selling it at auction and using that money to recover the damaged area,
G. Charging the polluter with the pollution consequences because of the importance of this issue.
Student: Mishal Al Rashoud
Delegation: Republic of Nicaragua
Question of: The role of the United Nations in rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts.
Defining conflict as to contend in warfare,
Acknowledges that many countries have been victims of conflict,
Supports all peace loving countries that are for giving these countries the aid they need,
Deeply concerned by the large number of children and adults who suffer from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a condition that can disrupt their daily lives,
Hoping that all countries suffering from conflicts will receive the help they need,
Notes with deep concern that many civilians are being severely wounded and killed by weapons and mines from former conflicts,
Alarmed by the fact that people are still being wounded and killed by mines and unexploded ordnance that are from years ago,
1-Draws the attention of the international community to this problem, its severity, and the importance of solving it;
2-Notes with appreciation the efforts of the UN and the War Torn Societies project;
3-Appeals to the UN to form an organization of specialized personnel called PWAP (Post War Aid Program) which will have the following functions:
A) Providing technical advice.
B) Correlating and organizing the work and cooperation between UN organization and other non-UN NMDs (non-member delegations).
C) Providing assistance in establishing income-generating programs order to encourage economic opportunity and self-reliance.
D) Provide counseling for those suffering from PTSD.
4-Resolves that a special sub-committee of the UNDP (United Nations Development Program) be created to serve the following functions:
A) Accepting and reviewing requests from conflict stricken countries for reconstruction of buildings and infrastructure.
B) Sending construction teams to those countries that have been deemed in need of such aid by word of the comity in order to aid in the rebuilding process.
5-Urges that refugee camps be created by the UNHCR in all countries and regions with refugee problems that have a lack or absence of these camps.
6-Requests that the UN carry out studies of dangerous and potentially dangerous zones within countries and regions and to give to and review these with the local authorities so that they may use them for the safety of the civilian population.
7-Strongly urges that all wealthy neighboring countries to help with the problem through:
B) A) monetary donations,
C) \B) food donations,
C) medical donations,
D) other necessary commodities
8-Strongly urges that mine clearance be a first priority so that people can return to their everyday lives without the threat of landmines and to do so by:
a) Manual clearance using metal detectors
b) Mine detection dogs
c) Armored bulldozers
Issue: The Question of Solving the International Water Crisis
Affirming that many of the nations are suffering from water waste as well as polluted water,
Taking into consideration the fact that there are some nations which suffer from poverty and can not afford new mechanics which can help in preserving water and filtering it,
Deeply concerned that the water won’t last for the forth coming generation because of the carelessness with which it has been handled, leading to many problems like war,
Keeping in mind that already one in five people has no access to a clean supply of water,
Noting with deep regret the lack of concern of some nations which are doing nothing towards the water crisis issue,
Noting with appreciation the nations that are spending their time and effort into finding ways to prevent the loss of endless amounts of water without any moral use,
Draws the attention to the fact that there are many poor nations which are not capable of providing clean water for their people,
Fully believing that water waste and polluted water will cause harmful diseases for humans, animals and most likely kill plants if they are exposed to it,
Asks that all the nations support this resolution to help solve the global problem of water to help keep the water around for a longer time so the other generations can enjoy it as we do now;
1) Calls upon those able nations help other troubled nations with there water struggle by implementing the following issues:
A) providing medication for the diseases suffered by citizens caused by water pollution (by transporting it to their nation by helicopters plains etc.)
B) Providing water or aiding in creating a clean water source (digging wells, etc.)
C) Providing aid in sterilizing water used by citizens to reduce the risk of them being inflected with diseases and health problems;
2) Resolves that the formation of UNWTO (United Nation Water Treatment Organization) to implement the clauses which shall be mentioned;
3) further invites that all nations participate in funding the UNWTO to help in treating water and to enhance the chance of finding ways to carry out this world wide and any discoveries made will first be told to the nations that funded the UNWTO ;
4) Further resolves that the UNWTO, through regional representation in all world regions will:
A) carry out studies on world wide water p, and its causes
B) Provide the public with awareness programs through the relevant media
C) Monitor rivers and cleaning them with the latest technology (such as the Thames river of England)
D) Research new ways through which clean and treat polluted water and study how to conserve as much water as possible (by filtration plants etc.),
E) Finding out where water is needed the most and for what purpose;
5) Encourages all nations to supply any idea small or big towards the water problem to UNWTO which may increase the chance of finding a solution to the water crisis and aid in helping poor countries;
6) Calls upon all capable nations to install Grey Water Treatment as a law which is changing the sewage system to direct the water from the sink and the shower to a urban neighborhood plant to be treated and filtered, then re-pumped back to the buildings and homes in the neighborhood as a water supply for the flush and that is to help save water which will be sent to poor nations;
7) Urges all nations to cooperate with this organization so that it may fulfill its goals to treat, clean and supply water to poor nation’s world wide;
8) Expresses its hope that the United Nations will take this resolution into consideration to prevent or at lest reduced the un-necessary loss of water world wide and help the poor nations who aren’t able to supply themselves with fresh water.
Delegate: Sarah Al-Dalali
The question of: The Role of the United Nations in rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts
Defining " conflicts’ as armed encounters between or within countries resulting in the tremendous loss of life, property and other negative effects,
Noting with regret that conflicts cause a tremendous amount of damage such as the collapsing of many buildings, the massacre of many innocent lives, and the shattering of the economy,
Affirming that the international community is not fully aware of the problems experienced by countries that are recovering from conflicts and can’t afford to rebuild their countries,
Expresses its appreciation to the important contribution to the cause of children by UNICEF and other missions such as the United Nation Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) and the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR),
Viewing with appreciation the efforts made by the International Trust Fund for Determining and Mine victims Assistance and other organizations that helped in rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts,
Deeply disturbed that over 2,300,000 Congolese people died in the five provinces that comprise eastern Congo between August 1998 and May 2000 because of the Civil War,
Noting with deep concern that in 1992 and 1993, 160 conflicts involving either violence or the threat of violence dotted the globe, including 33 in the states of the former Soviet Union,
1-Resolves the formation of an organization that is called the United Nations Organization for Crisis Rebuilding (UNOCR) that will take place in New York which will meet once a year and will be comprised of 30 seats for volunteers from all continents, scientists, experts from organizations concerning crisis rebuilding.
2-Further Resolves that the UNOCR will exercises the following procedures:
A) Monitor organizations concerning crisis rebuilding,
B) Gathers complaints of all nations toward such organizations and prevents them within its practice,
C) Heads these organizations in the right direction in order to fulfill their job,
D) Helps such organizations in any way needed;
3-Encourages all organizations concerning crisis rebuilding to allow the UNOCR to send experts yearly to evaluate the progress of such organizations;
4-Asks UNICEF to continue contributing to make donations for countries recovering from conflicts by:
A) Making loans with decreased amount of interest
B) Making loans with reimbursement
C) Making competitions and the proceeds go to charity
D) Celebrity rallies
5-Further Invites the UNHCR to continue its efforts in returning the refugees back to their countries and resuming their normal lives because they might be of help to their country and allow members to reunite with their families;
6- Implies that the ICJ should continue its efforts in implementing trying war criminals because:
A) They should be held responsible for their acts,
B) They hinder the progress of this resolution,
C) They are a threat to society because they want no peace in the world;
7- Strongly urges the UN Peacekeeping organization to continue disarming armed groups by:
A) Convincing them that taking away their weapons is to their own benefit in order to prevent them from losses be it economical, social and political
B) Guarantee their rights;
8- Insures that after this organization would be formed that the following would take place:
A) Organizations concerning crisis rebuilding would be working in the right direction
B) Countries recovering from conflicts will receive all the help needed
C) The UNOCR would continue its efforts to rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts by giving all organization concerning these countries all the help needed;
9-Further requests the UN to support the UNOCR in anyway possible.