Event: AMMUN 2002
Students: Sarah Al Dalali and Zaineb Hassan
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2002-2003 Team page
Sloveniaís country name in conventional long form is the Republic of Slovenia; in conventional short form it is Slovenia, in local long for it is Republika Slovenija and in local short form it is Slovenija. The government type of Slovenia is a parliamentary democratic republic and its capital is Ljubljana.
Sloveniaís president is Kucan, Milan; the Prime Minister is Drnovsek, Janez and the Permanent Representative to the UN, New York is Petric, Ernest. The political party of Slovenia is democratic which means that construction of the principle government by the people.
There is one major holiday that Slovenia celebrate that is the independence of Slovenia from Yugoslavia its on the 25 of June 1991 thatís when Slovenia got separated from Yugoslavia and became an independent country with its own government. It has since established an international position and reputation as a democratic, stable, and successful Central European country that is cooperating in numerous international organizations.
Slovenia is a mosaic of ethnic groups and religions that consist of Slovene 88%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%, Bosniak 1%, Yugoslav 0.6%, Hungarian 0.4% and others make 5% the Religions, which are found in Slovenia, are Roman Catholic 68.8%, Uniate Catholic 2%, Lutheran 1%, Muslim 1%, atheist 4.3%, other 22.9%. The main language which is spoken in Slovenia is Slovenian whit 91%, of the Serbo-Croatian 6%of the population, while other make up 3%. The ethnic and the religious groups in Slovenia get along except for some minor incidents occasionally.
Slovenes have had their own language for centuries and their own literature in the Slovene language since 1550, even though until 1918 Slovenia was not on maps and was not an administrative entity, and was not recorded in history. Slovenia has always preserved its ethnological features and traditions. Even today, the Kozolec, a traditional rack for drying hay and other field crops, can be seen all across Slovenia. Slovene originality is also reflected in numerous Carnival costumes, among which the kurent figure from Ptujsko polje is especially interesting, because the kurent is said drives winter from the land
Slovenia is located in Europe, and it is exactly found in South-eastern Europe of the eastern Alps. The area of Sloveniaís land is 20,273 sq km, the area of the water is 0 sq km and the area in total is 20,253 sq km. Slovenia borders the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia, the border of Slovenia covers an area of 1,165 km Austria makes up 330 km of this border while, Croatia makes up 501 km, Italy 232 km, and Hungary 102 km. The measurement of Sloveniaís coastline is 46.6 km.
The climate of Slovenia is a Mediterranean climate on the coast, and continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east. Despite Sloveniaís small size, this eastern Alpine country controls some of Europe's major transit routes.
In Slovenia on 20273sq km u can find snow-covered mountains, a sea coast bathing in the Mediterranean sum, beautiful karts caves and thermal springs, narrow white water canyons and wide slow moving rivers, high mountain lakes and lakes that disappear mysteriously underground at the start of summer, and the only primeval forest in Europe.
Slovenia is among the most successful countries in transition from socialism to a market economy. It boasted the rate of a stable growth of GDP (Gross Domestic Product), which now is above 10,000 USD (US Dollars) per capita. The level of privatization maintained, and many other measures have been taken which have helped in increasing the competitiveness of the Slovenian economy.
The Slovenian economy has always been most dependent on exporting because of the relative smallness of its own market, it exports manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food and the countries it deals with are Germany 31%, Italy 14%, Croatia 8%, Austria 7%, and France 6% (1999). In 1999, the value of Slovene exports exceeded 8.5 billion USD.
The items which Slovenia imports are machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, food and the countries it deals with when importing are Germany 21%, Italy 17%, France 11%, Austria 8%, Croatia 4%, Hungary, Russia (1999)
Slovene economic relations are increasingly diverse, with increasing cooperation with existing partners and oriented toward new markets in the European Union, and renewed cooperation with the countries of the former Yugoslavia. Slovenia has also opened the door to markets outside of Europe in OECD countries.
Germany and Slovenia have always had a special relationship (though Iím not sure why except that S. Germany is also Catholic). Thatís their main trade partner, right?
1. The question about possible elimination of veto power:
The veto power is the right possessed by the P5 countries (who are the permanent peacekeeping organ of the United Nations, composed of five permanent members (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) ),to forbid or prohibit the carrying out of projects attempted by another department. The decision-making on the basis of veto power is a complicated process, which requires a lot of negotiating efforts. There have beenattempts to eliminate this veto power. However, it is highly unlikely that such a reform could raise the efficiency of decisions of the Security Council, because disagreement by any Permanent Member(s) would make the situation more complicated.
Slovenia is a part of the non-permanent members of the Security Council, which is committed to reduce the use of the veto to a reasonable and balanced use for the permanent as well as non-permanent members of the Security Council, but it has no thought about eliminating it.
2. The question of solving international water crisis:
Water is the most important component of life, and without water nothing will survive. The world's supply of fresh water is running out, and much of this water is being wasted, polluted or contains wastes that can be removed with filtering processes such as the river of Thames in England. Already one person in five has no access to safe drinking water.
Water waste is a global problem and Slovenia is no exception. the quality of Slovenians watercourses (both natural and artificial channel) improved gradually from 1989 to 1994 due to a decrease in industrial sewage which has help in the producing more clean water, but in 1995, the quality of individual watercourses got worse again as well in year 1996, mostly due to the contents of heavy metals and organic compounds, and the resulted in generating less water for the public in order to save water. and to solve this problem a flirtation plant must be established.
Issue: The Question of Solving the International Water Crisis
Affirming that many of the nations are suffering from water waste as well as polluted water,
Taking into consideration the fact that there are some nations which suffer from poverty and can not afford new mechanics which can help in preserving water and filtering it,
Deeply concerned that the water wonít last for the forth coming generation because of the carelessness with which it has been handled, leading to many problems like war,
Keeping in mind that already one in five people has no access to a clean supply of water,
Noting with deep regret the lack of concern of some nations which are doing nothing towards the water crisis issue,
Noting with appreciation the nations that are spending their time and effort into finding ways to prevent the lossendless amounts of water without any moral use,
Draws the attention to the fact that there are many poor nations which are not capable of providing clean water for their people ,
Fully believing that water waste and polluted water will cause harmful diseases for humans, animals and most likely kill plants if they are exposed to it,
Asks that all the nations support this resolution to help solve the global problem of water to help keep the water around for a longer time so the other generations can enjoy it as we do now;
1) Calls upon those able nations help other troubled nations with there water struggle by implementing the following issues:
A) providing medication for the diseases suffered by citizens caused by water pollution (by transporting it to their nation by helicopters plains etc)
B) Providing water or aiding in creating a clean water source (digging wells, etc)
C) Providing aid in sterilizing water used by citizens to reduce the risk of them being inflected with diseases and health problems;
2) Resolves that the formation of UNWTO (United Nation Water Treatment Organization) to implement the clauses which shall be mentioned;
3) Further invites that all nations participate in funding the UNWTO to help in treating water and to enhance the chance of finding ways to carry out this world wide and any discoveries made will first be told to the nations that funded the UNWTO ;
4) Further resolves that the UNWTO, through regional representation in all world regions will:
A) carry out studies on world wide water pollution, and its causes
B) Provide the public with awareness programs through the relevant media
C) Monitor rivers and cleaning them with the latest technology (such as the Thames river of England)
D) Research new ways through which:
E) Clean and treat polluted water
F) How to conserve as much water as possible (by filtration plants etc)
G) Finding out where water is needed the most and for what purpose;
5) Encourages all nations to supply any idea small or big towards the water problem to UNWTO which may increase the chance of finding a solution to the water crisis and aid in helping poor countries;
6) Calls upon all capable nations to install Grey Water Treatment as a law which is changing the sewage system to direct the water from the sink and the shower to a urban neighbourhood plant to be treated and filtered, then re-pumped back to the buildings and homes in the neighbourhood as a water supply for the flush and that is to help save water which will be sent to poor nations;
7) Urges all nations to cooperate with this organization so that it may fulfil its goals to treat, clean and supply water to poor nationís world wide;
8) Expresses its hope that the United Nations will take this resolution into consideration to prevent or at lest reduced the un-necessary loss of water world wide and help the poor nations who arenít able to supply themselves with fresh water.
Resolution General Assembly "B"
Forum: General Assembly
Delegate: Sarah Al-Dalali
The question of: The Role of the United Nations in rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts
Defining " conflictsí as armed encounters between or within countries resulting in the tremendous loss of life, property and other negative effects,
Noting with regret that conflicts cause a tremendous amount of damage such as the collapsing of many buildings, the massacre of many innocent lives, and the shattering of the economy,
Affirming that the international community is not fully aware of the problems experienced by countries that are recovering from conflicts and canít afford to rebuild their countries,
Expresses its appreciation to the important contribution to the cause of children by UNICEF and other missions such as the United Nation Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) and the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR),
Viewing with appreciation the efforts made by the International Trust Fund for Demining and Mine victims Assistance and other organizations that helped in rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts,
Deeply disturbed that over 2,300,000 Congolese people died in the five provinces that comprise eastern Congo between August 1998 and May 2000 because of the Civil War,
Noting with deep concern that in 1992 and 1993, 160 conflicts involving either violence or the threat of violence dotted the globe, including 33 in the states of the former Soviet Union,
1-Resolves the formation of an organization that is called the United Nations Organization for Crisis Rebuilding (UNOCR) that will take place in New York which will meet once a year and will be comprised of 30 seats for volunteers from all continents, scientists, experts from organizations concerning crisis rebuilding;
2-Further Resolves that the UNOCR will exercises the following procedures:
A) Monitors organizations concerning crisis rebuilding
B) Gathers complaints of all nations toward such organizations and prevents them within its practice
C) Heads these organizations in the right direction in order to fulfill their job
D) Helps such organizations in any way needed
3-Encourages all organizations concerning crisis rebuilding to allow the UNOCR to send experts yearly to evaluate the progression of such organizations
4-Asks UNICEF to continue contributing to make donations for countries recovering from conflicts by:
A) Loans with decreased amount of interest
B) Loans with reimbursement
C) Making competitions and the proceeds go to charity
D) Celebrity rallies;
5-Further Invites the UNHCR to continue its efforts in returning the refugees back to their countries and resuming their normal lives because:
A) They might be of help to their country
B) To reunite with their families;
6- Implies that the ICJ should continue its efforts in implementing trying war criminals because:
A) They should be held responsible for their acts
B) They hinder the progress of this resolution
C) They are a threat to society because they want no peace in the world;
7- Strongly urges the UN Peacekeeping organization to continue disarming armed groups by:
A) Convincing them that taking away their weapons is to their own benefit in order to prevent them from losses be it economical, social and political
B) Guarantee of own rights;
8- Insures that after this organization would be formed that the following would take place:
A) Organizations concerning crisis rebuilding would be working in the right direction
B) Countries recovering from conflicts will receive all the help needed
C) The UNOCR would continue its efforts to rebuilding countries recovering from conflicts by giving all organization concerning these countries all the help needed.
9-Further requests the UN to support the UNOCR in anyway possible
Statements of Ambassadors
As a representative of the Republic of Slovenia in General Assembly B in an MUN conference held in Amman, Jordan for the first time. My performance along with all the delegates from BBS was great. I believe that we left Amman leaving a great impression about Kuwait. We were the best school in performance in which the majority of our delegates got to be main-submitters and main co-submitters. Slovenia did not get to be a main-submitter nor a main co-submitter, but was really close to becoming a main-submitter. However, Slovenia gave several speeches and I believe I represented Slovenia very well. In addition, Slovenia gave an opening speech that I think was memorable and different. After the event the delegates in my assembly kept on remembering me as the LUCKY delegate of Slovenia. Moreover, Slovenia had made many allies during those three days. Obviously, this Conference was a great experience for Slovenia and for all other countries for it was a very rewarding experience.