Country: Paraguay


Event: KFSAC 2002(B)

Students:
Amna Al Sager-Ambassador/HR
Noura Al Khaled-Social
Dalia Al Awaad-Disarmament
Alaa Al Farra-Environment




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Paraguay




The Paraguayan National Anthem




Country Profile



Political structure:

Paraguay’s official name is The Republic of Paraguay, but is called Paraguay because it is shorter.

Paraguay’s government type is a constitutional republic.

Paraguay finally became an independent country on the 14th of May,1811 colonized by Spain. After gaining its independence Paraguay was ruled by several individuals (included in the history section). It finally became a democratic country in1989. The first president was elected. Every 3 years there is an election to vote for a new president and office. Although the current president is both the chief of state and the head of government, and Paraguay’s history is filled with dictator leaders, Paraguay is still a democratic country.

Paraguay’s government is separated into three branches: Executive (president), Legislative (Senate and chamber of Deputies, and Judicial (Supreme Court of Justice).

There are many performing political parties and leaders in Paraguay, such as: Authentic Radical Liberal Party or PLRA [Miguel Abdon SAGUIER]; Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Adalina GUITERREZ DE GALEANO]; Febrerista Revolutionary Party or PRF [Carlos Maria LJUBETIC]; National Encounter or PEN [Euclides ACEVEDO]; National Republican Association - Colorado Party [acting president Bader RACHID LICHI].




Natural Resources:

The primary resources of Paraguay are its fertile soil and its forests. It has few mineral resources; limestone, iron, ore, manganese, copper, clay, and oil are the most important. Paraguay’s rivers, well suited for hydroelectric projects, are another important resource




Cultural Factors:

The Republic of Paraguay is considered the most racially homogenous population in South America. Which means people of all races and gender and color, are living together in a non-threatening environment. The greatest majority of the Paraguayans are a mix of white (mostly Spanish) and Guarani, Native American origins. While the minority of the people consists of individual groups of pure Spanish ancestry that live mainly in Asuncion (the country’s capital), small provinces from Japan, Italy, Portugal, Canada, and other countries. Also the Mennonites are one of the most known German-speaking religious sectors. The official religion in the Republic of Paraguay in Roman Catholicism, were over 90 per cent of Paraguayans believe in it, a number of small Protestant groups exists, but the Mennonite group is the considered the largest. In addition to its homogenous population, the Republic of Paraguay is also considered bilingual in its language. Were Spanish is the tongue (particular language), but Guarani is spoken by 90 percent of the people and is used in most folk poems, songs, books, and weekly send outs, like newspapers and magazines.




Defense:

The Paraguayan armed forces divide up into the following branches: army, navy (includes naval air and marines), and air force. The military manpower military age is 17 years old and the military expenditures for the Paraguayan military are $125 million. Military manpower availability for the Paraguayan military males age 15-49 is 1,388,436 (in the army the year 2001) however Paraguay and other South American country do not really need an army since they are very peaceful however to control the citizens to be kept steady. In 1870, looking for a way to build an empire Francisco Solano Lo'pez led the nation to a war against an alliance of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, which devastated Paraguay. However the death of Lo'pez ended the conflict. This conflict caused the economy to collapse and many deaths have occurred. However for the six following years, Paraguay was occupied by the Brazilian's army.




Geography:

Officially Republic of Paraguay, inland republic in South America, bordered on the northwest and north by Bolivia, on the east by Brazil, and on the south and southwest by Argentina. The total area is 406,752 sq km. Asunicion is the country’s capital. The Paraguay River divides the country into sharply contrasting regions: in the west, the Gran Chaco, or Paraguay Occidental; in the east, Paraguay proper, or Paraguay Oriental. The Gran Chaco is part of an alluvial plain that extends from Paraguay into Bolivia on the west, Argentina on the south, and Brazil on the east. Grassy plains, swamps, and scrub forests cover the area.

Paraguay consists mainly of the southern extension of the Parana plateau. Which is 305 to 610 m high, and it forms a watershed that gives rise to numerous tributaries of the Paraguay and Parana rivers. On its western edge the plateau falls off sharply to a region of fertile grassy foothills towards the Paraguay River; in the east it descends gradually towards the Alto Parana River. The main rivers are the Alto Parana, and the Pilcomayo.




Economy:

Agriculture is the most important income for the Paraguayan economy, where they manufacture food (naturally) and import it. Which recently slightly helped in improving the economy in Paraguay. It contributes with 25 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP). The leading agricultural products is Paraguay are, cassava, seed cotton, sugarcane, corn, wheat, root crops such as sweet potatoes, and fruits such as bananas and oranges. Also the livestock breeding is a major agricultural occupation. The national currency is the Guaran. Paraguay’s import cost $3 billion, and its exports earned $1,051 million. Its major imports petroleum, machinery, transportation equipment, metal and metal products, and foodstuffs. And its exports are, cotton, soybeans, timber, oilseeds, and meat. The major countries that purchase Paraguay’s exports are Brazil, the Netherlands, Argentina, the United States, Uruguay, and Chile. While the leading sources of imports are Brazil, Argentina, the United States, Japan, South Korea, and Hong Kong. Also Paraguay is a member of two trade associations, the Latin American Integration Association (LAIA), and the Southern Cone Common Market.




Views on World Problems:

In the past Paraguay was a very aggressive country, mainly because from their leader Solano Lopez, but ever since his death, Paraguay decided to overcome their dreadful past and aims for a neutral and peaceful country. Even though Paraguay had have a war against Brazil and Argentina that didn’t created any friction between the three countries, however Brazil and Argentina helped Paraguay in developing their economical situation that was caused from the war, and Paraguay is part of the Brazilian army. Paraguay is occupied in many organizations such as:

ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, IADB Inter-American Development Bank, IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency, IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization, ICRM International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, IDA International Development Association, IFRCS International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, IMF International Monetary Fund, IOM International Organization for Migration, LAES Latin American Economic System. LAIA Latin American Integration Association MONUC United Nation Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo , OPCW, Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, PCA Permanent Court of Arbitration, UN United Nations, UNAMSIL United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone, UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development , UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organizations, WHO, World Health Organizations, WToO, World Tourism Organization, WtrO World Trade Organization

 

History:

The first people known to live in Paraguay were the Guarani-speaking tribes of Indians. Theses Indians were very well known for their fierce, warrior traditions. They practiced a kind o mythical polytheistic religion. As time passed they blended with Christianity.

A Spanish explorer named Juan de Salzar first founded the capital, Asuncion in the 15th of August 1537.

After its independence, three strong leaders ruled Paraguay, Jose Gaspar Rodriguez de Francisco, Carlos Antonio Lopez, and his son, Francisco Solano Lopez. The younger Lopez started a war against Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil (The war of the triple Alliances, 1864-1870) Then Brazilian troops occupied the country from 1870-1874. In 1880 the Colorado Party (Colorado means red) governed Paraguay until 1904. After that, the Liberal Party governed Paraguay until 1940. General Alferdo Stroessner took power in 1954 for 34 years. From 1989 onward, elections were held every 3 years to vote for a new president.

Now, the president of Paraguay is Mr. Gonzalez Macchi, he also the Head of Government. President Gonzalez Macchi was the senator of the Colorado Party before he gained presidency. The military no longer plays a big role in politics. However, members of two army units and a group of National Police officers participated in an attempted coup in May 2000. The country has a population of approximately 5.6 million and a market economy with a large state presence and a large informal sector.

Paraguay is a democratic country now. After the dictators that ruled it finally left, the citizens have much more control of their rights, and live in a happier community. No country can completely solve all their problems and live a perfect life, but Paraguay and its government are trying their best to get there. Paraguay still suffers from minor problems but has most of them under control.

 

 

Policy statements



Disarmament:

1) Effective implementation of the convention on the prohibition of the development, production, and stockpiling of bacteriological, biological, and toxin weapons and on their destruction:

In defining bacteriological weapons or biological weapons are living organisms that can reproduce for their target beyond the intended area and time. It is a new genetic technique that releases living organisms into an environment with a harmful effect. It can endanger every country and its resources. Paraguay, a peace making country is against any disarmament that can harm any living organisms, such as these weapons. Paraguay, clearly comprehend that these destructive weapons must be eliminated, and agrees with the biological weapons convention treaty.



2) Prevention of an arms race in outer space:

Arms in outer space, are one of the most dangerous weapons, and can be easily annihilate its given target. It can highly affect international peace and security, which is why, Paraguay is against it. Paraguay, a small, peaceful South American country, may not be very well known, but has a very limited rule about weapons. So, even when a worst possible scenario happens, they shall not use this deadly weapon, and would always agree with treaties that create peace.



3) The illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects:

In our world today many citizens carry a gun, even adolescents, from where do you think they got these weapons? The answer is very simple, countries that produce such weapons, for example, Russia and the United States, sell them to nations without thinking the possibilities that may occur. This is one the reasons Paraguay discouraged weapons since they are a complete waste of money and can destroy peace in a country. Paraguay also believes that any small things, such as selling guns or any other types of weapons may not look like a big deal in the beginning, but will end badly, and in the end, cause hostility. There has been many murders and assaults in many neighborhoods and Paraguay requests to end this problem as soon as possible and in a very efficient and dependable approach to create a safe and peaceful community.

 




Environment:

1. Protection of the global climate for present and future generations of mankind, including ratification and implementation of the Kyoto protocol: -

Undertaking this comprehensive analysis, the National Intelligence Council (NIC) worked actively with a range of nongovernmental institutions and experts from Paraguay. We began the analysis with two workshops focusing on drivers and alternative futures, as the appendix describes. Subsequently, numerous specialists from academia and the private sector contributed to every aspect of the study, from demographics to developments in science and technology. Many of the judgments in this paper derive from our efforts to distill the diverse views expressed at these conferences or related workshops. Major conferences were held by the NIC with other government and private centers in support of Global Trends 2015, which Paraguay took a great part in it. Over the past 15 months, the NIC, in close collaboration with US Government specialists and a wide range of experts outside the government, has worked to identify major drivers and trends that will shape the world of 2015.

Global Trends 2015 provides a flexible framework to discuss and debate the future.

The methodology is useful for our purposes, although admittedly inexact for the social scientist. Our purpose is to rise above short-term, tactical considerations and provide a longer-term, strategic perspective. Judgments about demographic and natural resource trends are based primarily on informed extrapolation of existing trends. In contrast, many judgments about science and technology, economic growth, globalization, governance, and the nature of conflict represent a distillation of views of experts inside and outside the United States Government. The former are projections about natural phenomena, about which we can have fairly high confidence; the latter are more speculative because they are contingent upon the decisions that societies and governments will make.




2. The impacts of roads, mining, cities and other infrastructure developments on land degradation and the loss of wildlife habitats.

Environmental damage is increasing as population rises and pressure continues for improved standard of living. Much about future directions depends on what happens to population growth as a whole and what happens in different parts of the world. This in turn will affect the size of cities and the demand for resources and the ability of the environment to cope. It will also influence how we have to organise ourselves to try to balance economic objectives with environmental protection and overall quality of life issues of governance. The greater the pressure on urban areas and the resources to which they want access, the greater will be the political tension about who gets access to what (food, water, shelter, work, education, health care, open space), how we configure cities and provide their infrastructure. Rapid urbanization in the developing world and economic transformation the world over create a wide variety of urban environmental, economic and social problems in Paraguay. Working towards urban sustainable development implies having to tackle these problems in an integrated way.

The limits of the Pantanal are not unanimously accepted. Descending the Serra das Araras, near the border of Mato Grosso with Bolivia, the Paraguay River flows into an immense alluvial plain of the Holocene epoch (of the last 10,000 years). This alluvial plain in Brazil alone measures 770km from north to south and has an area of approximately 139,000 km2 (Ferreira et al. 1993) The western end of this plain is traversed by the Paraguay River. It extends into neighboring countries (Bolivia, Paraguay, and to a lesser degree, Argentina) always along the margin of the river bed.

The alluvial plain of the Pantanal varies between 80-150m in altitude, with a north-south slope of only 2cm/km (Dubs,1992). On the Brazilian side (east, north and west), it is surrounded by the crystalline plateau, approximately 600-700m in altitude, which is covered with Cerrado vegetation. To the south, there is the Paraguay depression, a rolling plain with an extensive hydrographic network, formed by countless tributaries of the gigantic Paraguay River. These alluvial plains are very thick. Drilling in this area has reached 83m without hitting bedrock.

 

3. The provision of, and access to, safe drinking water, especially in the developing world: -

In its first environmental report of the 21st century, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) notes the progress in water and sanitation sectors over the last 30 years in both North and South America, while making evident that important challenges still persist. In short, Evaluation 2000 throws down the gauntlet. Of the 790 million people of which the Americas is composed, 95.64% have access to safe drinking water. Figures for sanitation coverage are similar, but are misleading because the figures include North America.

A study needs a look no further than the river Plate, where in the summer of 2001, environmentalists took 180 litres of samples of contaminated water and sediments from the river and presented them to the Spanish petroleum subsidiary Repsol -YPF, because its Buenos Aires plant lies on the banks of this major artery.

Paraguay had community workers functioned in groups, visit each home in the locality over a two-month cycle, making observations about family water use and hygiene. Any problems were tackled on the spot.

More than 219 million people - or 60% of the population - have a domestic drinking water connection which is unreliable and which entails a potential danger for users on account of water-related illnesses.

 

4. Measures to gain necessary compensation for victims of chemical agents: -

Sorry but I can’t find anything about this topic in Paraguay.




 

Human Rights:

1. Comprehensive implementation of and the following-up to The World Conference Against Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance.

Paraguay does not suffer from any major racial issues. That’s mostly because 95% of the citizens are the same raise (mestizo). There have been a few problems over the years but they have mostly been solved peacefully, without any difficulties. Some minor religious problems have occurred between the different religious groups but they are all under control, especially since most (90%) of Paraguay’s citizens belong to the same religion (Roman Catholic).

Although Paraguay’s citizens get along peacefully and respect each other, it is obeying and will continue to obey and respect all the issues that have been agreed upon in The World Conference Against Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance. Paraguay fully believes that all Countries around the world should agree, and obey all that has been mentioned in the conference and try to solve all their problems peacefully and democratically.



2. Role of the media in highlighting human and civil rights abuses.

Paraguay’s media has a minor roll in highlighting human and civil rights abuses, but its roll is not as extensive as it’s supposed to be. Paraguay’s Media struggles to highlight all that is in its reach, but some issues are competently hidden from the public. Lately the Media is highlighting much more issues of human and civil right abuses as it has ever highlighted in the past.

Completely supporting the fact that the public has a right to know what is going on in their country and what is happening to their fellow citizens, Paraguay believes that there are some issues that are better-off hidden. Some issues of human and civil rights abuses demand privacy, but should at least be briefly explained to the public.



3. Treatment of prisoners of conscience and political detainees.

In the past, Paraguay had mistreated political detainees, but not anymore. The Paraguayan government never had any prisoners of conscience and still doesn’t. Currently, there is not mistreating of any prisoner especially not political detainees.

Paraguay believes that everyone has the right to express his opinion to a certain limit. But there must be boundary to how far a person goes to express an opinion, and consequences are provided whenever someone exceeds this boundary. But imprisonment is not the answer.



4. Combating the trafficking in illegal immigrants.

There are not many illegal immigrants living in Paraguay. But Paraguay has several citizens, residing in bordering countries, whom live as illegal immigrants. The illegal immigrants the actually live in Paraguay are causing problems such as smuggling illegal drugs into the country

Some thing should be done. If the immigrants are willing to live in another country, they should apply for citizenship. While their application is being considered they should stay in the country with a visitors visa. They should obey all the countries rules and agree to respect all the citizens of all raises. If the "visitors" cause any problems they must leave the country.






Social:

1) Security on the internet in relation to personal privacy and international terrorism:

Terrorism is a vast spreading problem that has impacted our world in many devastating situations. The most recent was the terrorist attack on the United States of America. Another important print in the 21st century is the Internet, not only is it a most helpful tool, but it is also, unfortunately, used for the most destructive method, terrorism.

Paraguay is considered an economically poor country, where the Internet is scarcely found and economical help would push Paraguay forward to reach other countries. Paraguay believes that serious issues like terrorism are not to be discussed or to be put on the Internet, because it’s used by many people, which can spread serious issues like terrorism in great capacity. Therefore, Paraguay believes that security must be increased in which it is able to track down where certain pieces of information are being sent, and how it’s used. And reminding that a resolution was passed in the UN, under National Security Information.





2) Measures to combat racism and aid reconciliation in former African colonies, including South Africa and Zimbabwe:

Racism is the act of separation between one person and another because of their race, gender, and religion, overlooking their accomplishments based on that belief. One of the most recent acts of racism has been taking place in Zimbabwe. Where the Zimbabwean justice minister has called for help from the UN to equitably distribute the land by its original people, and the white settlers, to reach an end to the struggle between the original black people, and the white settlers.

The originally Spanish or white native (mestizo) is considered the highest majority before the Indians. Which caused the originals to become anti-white, and result in conflicts firing up between them. Paraguay believes that if assets and other belongings are divided between both groups, the amount of violence will decrease rapidly. And the equality amongst people of different races and gender would result in a more compromising community and less violence.





3) Implementation of the declaration of commitment on HIV/AIDS:

"By the end of the year 2000, 36.1 million people worldwide were living with HIV/AIDS, 9 per cent in developing countries and 75 per cent in sub-Saharan Africa." The Declaration on commitment on the HIV/Aids that was assembled at the United Nations, at the 25 to 27 June 2001, took the issues on HIV/AIDS at a serious matter where many very important statements and "to do jobs" were given out. All nations in the United Nations had agreed to this, and what decisions came with it.

Fortunately, Paraguay is a country does not suffer from this problem, but also does not minimize its serious effects on the world. Furthermore Paraguay deeply believes the countries that have agreed to that declaration will work at applying it, and fulfilling all its aspects. Which will in the end be in the favor of all nations were it will decrease the chances of the disease spreading by insuring certain medical boundaries are being kept, and applied throughout their countries.



4) Strengthening the coordination of the UN humanitarian assistance in cases of natural disasters and complex humanitarian emergencies, with particular attention to reaching the vulnerable and the transition from the relief to development:

The United Nations has established organizations that specifically deal with assisting countries during the occurrence of natural disasters. Like the UNDRO (United Nations Disaster Relief Office) that was founded to register and coordinate relief activities from all sorts in times of disaster. While the IDNDR (International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction) that aims to strengthen international cooperation in low cost methods for disaster reduction, which economically weak countries can help and support in.

Paraguay is one of the many countries that suffer severe flooding situations because of the Gran Chaco, which is a low flat plain that is subject by rivers that turn large parts into swamps. Therefore Paraguay believes that the United Nations has successfully been able to balance the situation and not only help the country tackle the problem, but also re-build itself from the disaster in the most important way, economically.

 





Resolutions

Disarmament:

Delegate: Dalia Al-Awadi

Issue: Effective implementation of the convention on the prohibition of the development, production, and stockpiling of bacteriological, biological, and toxin weapons and on their destruction:

Defining bacteriological weapons or biological weapons are living organisms that can reproduce for their target beyond the intended area and time.

Defining OPCW as the Organization of the prohibition of all chemical Weapons.

Deeply disturbed of the troubles this weapon can create

Alarmed by nations whom are threatening other nations by these destructive weapons

Believing that without the use of these weapons it will create a better community

Noting with Regret to some nations that do not care the less of this problem

1) Aware of the fact that some countries worldwide have capabilities to produce chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction.

2) Expresses its appreciation toward all South American countries for agreeing with this organization and those who are all trying to prevent this issue to increase in worldwide by:

a. Signing many treaties and accepting many organizations to be formed.

b. Encouraging all nations to be part of a treaty or organization and ensure nations positive effects in the future.

3) Congratulates the Big Five for agreeing on this organization which encourages many nations to prevent this issue

4) Further reminds that all chemical and biological weapons can cause severe damage in a country and the countries resources that can cause an unmerciful community

5) Deeply disturbed that many nations whom are suffering threats from a country

6) Call upon to the Red Cross to help citizens and nations whom are endanger of the threats of these destructive weapons by providing them:

a. Food

b. Shelter

c. Medial assistance

7) Encourages the Food Agricultural organization, (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO), in assisting the Red Cross by providing citizens food and shelter.

8) Trusts the United Nation in preventing this issue by:

a. Encouraging all nations to agree with this organization

b. Making every country declare why they have these destructive weapons.

c.Create a sub committee for the OPCW.

9) Resolves by the establishment of creating a sub committee of the OPCW, which will be held in Paraguay, and would be composed of 23 seats; 5 for the Big five, 4 countries for the Middle East, 6 for South American countries, 1 for Australia, 5 for any European countries, 4 for African countries and 4 for any Asian Countries. This will be held every 3 months.

10) Guarantees to all nations that after the formation of the sub committee of the OPCW it will prevent any uses of this destructive weapons worldwide, if not in any peaceful measures, and hopefully create a safer and better community.





 

 

Human Rights:

Delegate: Amna Al-Sager

Issue: The Combating the trafficking in illegal immigrants.

Defining illegal immigrants as " people who have left their original country and are living in another country illegally",

Alarmed by the extended number of illegal immigrants that are continually increasing by approximately 25,000 per year,

Defining trafficking as " the exchange or trade or smuggling of goods or humans"

Deeply disturbed by the immense number of illegal immigrant traffickers in all corners of the world

Notes that more than a million illegal immigrants were caught in the past year attempting to cross the US borders illegally,

Aware that some illegal immigrants leave their country because of personal problems or problems with their governments, and some are criminals that are trying to escape the consequences that are bestowed upon them for their criminal acts,

Having studied that some illegal immigrants add to the culture of a country,

1. Declares the formation of the United Nations organization for the illegal immigrants (UNOII) as a sub-agency under the UNHCR, which will have a headquarter assigned when this resolution is pasted, and will be structured with the following:

a. Have a branch in every country that is a part of the UN

b. In each branch it will have 30 staff members, including investigators, translators and administration staff,

2. Assures that the UNOII will perform under the following rules:

a. Getting a government official of any country that is going to be affected by the action that shall be taken, to sign an agreement that will allow the UNOII to proceed with the action,

b. Not proceed with any action that violate the country’s national sovereignty,

3. Calls upon every country to add the security of their borders, docks, and any other area in which immigrants can enter the country by carrying out the following:

a. Increasing the number of officers by the borders to make sure there are no trespassers,

b. Create new documentation for any person or vehicle planning to leave through these borders or docks,

c. Search and investigate any vehicle or object that has entered,

4. Resolves that the UNOII will do the do the following:

a. Send its investigators monthly to different areas in the country to check that their aren’t any illegal immigrants in the premises,

b. Search for any person that traffics illegal immigrants using any action necessary,

c. Provide shelters for illegal immigrants,

5. Designates the UNOII to do the following to the illegal immigrants:

a. Ask the reason for migrating their original country( in any language desired),

i. If they have migrated their country because of any criminal offense, they will be sent to their original country at once under the supervision of a police officer or any trained staff member,

ii. If their original country’s government has violated their rights in any way, they will be given a citizenship and will be able to live in the country,

iii. If they have left because of any personal problem, they will be sent back to their original country,

b. Allow the immigrants to use the shelters for a specific amount of time (depending on their case),

c. Provide them with medical care (if needed),

d. Provide them with proper clothing (if needed),

e. Provide them with food and water,

6. Notes that the investigators will check that everything the illegal immigrants say is valid by using any source that is needed,

7. Further resolves The UNOII will do the following to any person charged with the trafficking of illegal immigrants:

a. They will be provided with a fair trial in front of a court of law,

i. If proven guilty, they will be sentenced 15 years of imprisonment in jail,

ii. If the person is not a citizen of the country he has been found in, he will be sent back to his original country (under the supervision of a trained staff member) to complete his time in prison,

8. Affirms that any person that overstays their lawful status will be asked to leave immediately, if they are not financially capable, they will be provided with a way back to their original country,

9. Requests that all countries work mutually and do the following:

a. Share all files about citizens that leave the country,

b. Share all files of e people the enter the country,

c. Agree to the rules and consequences for the traffickers or illegal immigrants,

d. Share any other files that are relevant to the cases,

10. Recommends more developed nations to invest projects in under-developed nations to minimize the number of migrants that migrate their country in search of employment.

 

 

 

Social:

Delegate: Noura Al Khalid

Question of: Measures to combat racism and aid reconciliation in former African colonies, including South Africa and Zimbabwe.

Defining a taught belief or assumption of the superiority of a particular race, color or decent and discriminating against other races.

Affirming In one of the most horrifying moves of the fascist regime, racial laws were adopted in Italy in July, 1938 with the publication of the "Manifesto of Fascist Racism."

Noting with Deep Concern In Zimbabwe, 70 percent of the land is owned by whites. And early last year white owned farms, have been attacked by armies, of self-styled war veterans approved by the Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe.

Supporting United Nations, African States, NHRI (National Human Rights Institution), and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Thanking Statement launched by President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa under the supervision of The Honorable Nelson Mandela, and signed by seventy-four heads of State and Government, in the United Nations High Commission for Human rights.

Calls upon all countries that have signed the "Elimination of racism and racial discrimination."

Reminds Former African colonies still suffer from racial discrimination by settlers in their own land.

Regrets the fact that certain countries attack the act of racism and discrimination in other areas, and neglect it under their supervision in their land.

1- Strongly urges countries

One) To support organizations working on ending this issue, in the most effective manner possible; and not blocking the way of improvement in a better life for all.

b) Provokes governments to ensure equal rights are given amongst the people, which will also decrease the amount of violence in multi-race countries.

c) Not repeat the mistakes done before on how to handle this situation, but respect and understand it.

2- Resolves

a) A convention on the right to equal treatment, for all races, and gender before courts of justice and other law- related institutions.

b) Cooperation in targeting racism between governments and non-governmental organizations on equally shared grounds. If needed by the supervision of the United Nations.

Three) Greater control over the media by governments and private organizations on focusing in spreading information about racism in the world and what it lead to.

1- Creating programs that satisfy adults and children on explaining what racism is.

2- Getting involved in educational school programs by the government, which will provide moral support and satisfaction for all races.

3- Using all the available tools of the media to reach the people, and inform them about the issue.(Magazines, Television, Radio, Newspapers, Books)

4- Updating known ideas to cope with the 21st century, and changes that occurred (politically, historically, and morally) with respect to decision of the original creator.

3-Further Resolves

a) Cooperation by governmental and non-governmental organizations.

b) Making distinct consequences for countries who continue to disobey with United Nations rules, and tangle with National Sovereignty, and the Constitution of Human rights, agreed and signed by all United Nations members.

c) Using the media as a direct tool of communication between the government and its people, by using all its different aspects.

d) Getting in contact with educational groups like schools that do hold the greatest majority of the people.

e) Making sure all that are convicted get the punishment they disserve for intruding in another’s life and scarifying it over mislead belief.

f) Providing equal treatment for all races and genders, in all possible ways. Starting from law related areas, ending with an equal education overlooking features.

 

 

 

 

Opening speech

 

Hola!

A warm, peaceful welcome unfolds itself among all the delegates present today, and the countries they represent. This greeting approaches you from the land with most amazing tropical forests, where you can always rely on it’s gorgeous weather to wash away your sadness and stress when you’re feeling depressed. From the beautiful landscapes of Gran Chaco, to the lovely riversides of Encarnacion and Salto del Guaira. Where else can you find such a hospitable greeting, nowhere else but the magnificent Republic of Paraguay.

Paraguay is very fortunate to be in the midst of all of such great countries. Well aware of some of the critical problems that some of the countries are facing, Paraguay is glad you could all make it to this important event.

The issue of racism is an issue all countries suffer from. No country has completely terminated racism. Racism has broken-up countries, and why? Just because not all people are exact clones of each other. Well, believe it or not, at this stage of time and technology, that is not possible. No person deserves to be alienated or banned from his rights just because of the color of his skin, or the religion he implements, or because of his nationality. Racism has gone on for far too long and must be put to a stop.

Gracias Por Todo,

Thanks to all.




Statements of the Delegates



Amna Al-Sager Human Rights/Ambassador:

The ambassador of Paraguay attended the KFSAC event in Kuwait. In the Human Rights commission, the ambassador, as main-submitter, merged an excellent resolution on the issue of combating illegal immigrants. The resolution was merged with delegates from all corners of the world, such as: Columbia, Nepal, Indonesia and many others. After the resolution was in its final draft, it obtained 42 signatures, and was then passed through the approval panel. The resolution was then debated in the Human rights commission and was passed. It was very close to be debated in the General Assembly, but because of an extremely narrow difference in the votes, it did not succeed. Overall, the ambassador of Paraguay set a breath-taking image of the citizens of Paraguay.


Noura Al Khaled-Social:

inthe social committe the the republic of paraguay was represented by noura al khalid. The issue that i spoke about in my resolution was measures to combat rascism and aid reconciliation in former african colocnies including south africa and zimbabwe the reason for choosing this topic is because paraguay is one of the few countries that is known for its heterogenous society. Although my resolution did not pass, a number of heated debated and well written resolutions were passed in an atmosphere of respect for each delegates. i believe that it was a fruitfull meeting since we were able to address many problem and fing there solutions. finally, i am proud to have been givin the chance to represent a country like paraguay.



Dalia Al Awaad-Disarmament:

In November in the year 2002, Paraguay a small unknown country which is located in South America went to the event in the school of ASK, KFSAC. Paraguay enjoyed the event and had a chance to show delegates present today the role of Paraguay in the world and how effective it can be. Many interesting and hilarious things happened during this event, such as, when the delegate of Iran proposed the idea to overthrow the chair which made all delegates collapse with laughter and giggles that made the chair angry and ending up kicking the delegate of Iran out. In concluding of this event Paraguay has never experienced a event no other than KFSAC and requests more similar events like KFSAC.