Country: Swaziland


Event: KFSAC 2002(B)

Students:
Muneera Al Nibari-Ambassador/HR
Sarah Al Dalali-Social
Hessa Al Essa-Disarmament
Fatemah Al Boukhadour-Environment




Links to other sites on the Web:


Back to the 2002-2003 Team page
Back to the 2002 KFSAC-MUN page
Back to the Briefing Book Library
Back to Teams
Back to Fruit Home



Swaziland




The Swazi National Anthem


Swaziland

Original Swazi Words

Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso teMaswati,
Siyatibonga tonkhe tinhlanhla,
Sibonga iNgwenyama yetfu,
Live netintsaba nemifula.

Busisa tiphatsi mandla taka Ngwane
Nguwe wedvwa Somandla wetfu;
Sinike kuhlanipha lokungenabucili
Simise usicinise, Simakadze.

English:

O Lord our God, bestower of the blessings of the Swazi;
We give Thee thanks for all our good fortune;
We offer thanks and praise for our king;
And for our fair land, its hills and rivers;

The Blessings be on all rulers of our country;
Might and power are Thine alone;
We pray Thee to grant us wisdom without deceit or malice.
Establish and fortify us, Lord Eternal.



 



Country Profile

 

Political Structure: (MUNEERA)

Swaziland is a small South African country that was ruled by the British until 1968 when it gained independence. The system that Swaziland has inhabited for its government is traditional; it’s also one of the oldest monarchies on the continent. The Monarch is hereditary and the Prime Minister is appointed by the Monarch, they have almost all power over the state. Former King Sobhuza discarded the constitution that was adopted on September 1968 on April 1973; a ban was imposed on political parties in 1978 when King Sobhuza promulgated a new constitution also. King Mswati III came to the throne on April 1986 not long after did he review the electoral system, he rejected the multiparty system and the traditional Tinkhundla was taken on with a few adjustments.

Swaziland’s government is undergoing democratic changes, while it’s a monarchy it has two parliaments consisting of The House of Assembly and The Senate. The House of Assembly consists of 65 chairs of which 10 are royally appointed the remaining 55 are elected. The Senate has 30 members 20 are selected by the royals and the other 10 are Parliamentary selected. Basically the country’s king is omnipotent in Swaziland for he almost rules everything. Their legal system is based on South African Roman-Dutch law in legal courts and Swaziland traditional law and custom in traditional courts. In Swaziland they don’t implement the ICJ jurisdiction. Any peoples who are 18 or over have the law instigated on them.

 

 

Natural Resources: (SARA)

Asbestos is a basic commodity of Swaziland. Asbestos comes in many different forms such as fireproof, chemical-resistant, fibrous mineral forms of impure magnesium silicate, often used for fireproofing, electrical insulation, building materials, brake linings, and chemical filters. Swaziland is rich in Cassiterite, which is an important tin ore. In addition Swaziland is also rich in coal, clay, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stones, and last but not least talc, which is a fine-grained mineral used in face powder, as a paper coating and as a filter for paint and plastics. Many of these natural resources are found due to the many mines found in Swaziland, for Swaziland contains the worlds oldest mine, which is called the Bomvu ridge. Some of the major agriculture products that Swaziland produces are sugarcanes, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapple, sorghum, peanuts, cattle, goats, and sheep.

Swaziland exports soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit to other nations. While it imports motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, and chemicals from other nations. In addition, Swaziland’s export partners are South Africa 72%, the European Union 12%, the United Kingdom 6%, Mozambique 4% and last but not least the United States 4%. Swaziland greatly depends on South Africa for it is Swaziland’s major trading partner in both areas importing and exporting. Moreover, Swaziland’s import partners are South Africa 89%, the European Union 5%, Japan 2% and finally Singapore 2%. Swaziland is a member in the Southern African Custom Union (SACU) this organization includes 4 other nations which all enjoy the free flow of trade within the SACU area. Swaziland is also a member in the Southern African Development Community (SADC), which its objective is to strengthen trade and investment linkage between South Africa and other SADC countries.

According to the 2001 est. Swaziland’s Export value is $702 million, while it’s import value is $850 million dollars, which proves that Swaziland is not a very self-sufficient country because its imports are way higher than its exports and it has an external debt. of about $336 million.

 

Geography: (SARA)

Swaziland is located in Southern Africa between Mozambique and South Africa. Swaziland is one of the smallest countries in the world, small enough that you can drive around in a single day. The area of Swaziland’s land is 17,203sq km, while the area of its water is 106sq km and the total area of Swaziland is 17,363sq km. Swaziland’s total land boundaries are 535km: Mozambique 105km and South Africa 430km. Swaziland does not have a coastline. Swaziland’s land is mostly mountainous with several hills and some moderately sloping plains. The lowest elevation in Swaziland is the Great Usutu River 21m, while the highest is Emblembe 1,862m. The climate in Swaziland is moderate, ranging from subtropical to temperate depending on the altitude. From June to September it is cool and dry, while October to May is warm and wet. Higher elevations are usually cloudy, mist-covered and about 10 degrees than the rest of the country.

 

Cultural Factors: (FATEMAH)

Swaziland’s uniqueness and colorful diversity out of the rest of the South African region is all carefully woven by its diverse and ethnic structure and religions. Nearly all of the people in Swaziland are ethnically Swazi. The ethnic groups are small like Zulu, Tsonga, Asians, and Europeans. It’s estimated that 97% of the Swazi population is African while 3% is European. More than half of the Swazi population, approximately 55%, is Protestant. Indigenous and traditional religious beliefs are held by about 30% of the people, while Muslims structure 10% of the population and the remainder 5% is Roman Catholic. The official languages of Swaziland are siSwati, a Bantu language, and English, in which most government business is conducted.

Swaziland is one of the few African countries that export more than it import, profiting by rich agricultural and mineral resources such as asbestos mines. Most of the country’s population lives and farms in rural areas near rivers. The Swazi society is very traditional to tribal and core African customs, hence the fact that women in Swaziland, as in most of Africa, do not a major role in society and do not have equal rights as men.

In African history during the turn of the 19th century, a series of wars spread across the country because of land hunger. This lead to the attacking of many African tribes, notably the Zulu tribe, to neighboring colonies and tribes because their need of land and resources. Consequently, under the leadership of Sobhuza, the Ndwandwe tribe retreated from Zulu attacks and moved north and established thSwazi Kingdom in the 1820s.When European settlers entered the area during the 1880s, the Swazis granted admissions to them that endangered the independence of the kingdom. Currently, Europeans own more than half of the land in Swaziland and are responsible for ample economic development in the country. Swazi relationships with the Zulu tribe are very territorial but are otherwise quiet good.

 

Defense: (FATEMAH)

The structure of the Swazi Military divides up to mainly the two following branches: the Umbutfo Swaziland Defense Force (army), and the Royal Swaziland Police Force. Because of Swaziland’s very recent history, militias do not exist. The military has relatively little if any influence on politics since the monarch system is very traditional. As far as military expenditures go, Swaziland’s is $1.198 million. Military age is between males age -49 and military manpower availability is 248,084 (2001est.).

Unfortunately, Swaziland does not have sufficient military power and therefore needs to rely on other nations for military support (most likely on South Africa). If came the occasion that Swaziland needed any support, surely South Africa and the UN armed forces would be in assistance to the Swazi Kingdom.

 

 

Views on World Problems: (MUNEERA)

Swaziland is a relatively small country and is neither politically nor economically active therefore its role in the world is limited. It seems to be a very neutral country and is always open to a helping hand for they aren’t very well off financially. They seem to always side with South Africa because they are financially dependant on them, and so they do as they are told. Swaziland being the poverty-stricken country that it is almost always asks for money and will side with the country with the best offer.

It is also a member of many organizations, program or cooperation’s to help its financially corrupt third world image. The following are some of the collaborations in which Swaziland is a member, the African Development Bank (AfDB), Bank for International Settlements (BIS), Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), Financial Aid Officer (FAO), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Trade Organization (WtrO), and many more. Swaziland also takes part in Humanitarian organizations or those that develop the state of Mankind like the United Nations (UN) the largest organization there is and Swaziland takes part so that they can have a say in what happens in this world it’s also part of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Organization of Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), Interpol the police force created by the UN for all countries in need of it when experiencing instability, United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). This is a brief list of the organizations that Swaziland is part of.

The country is peaceful and doesn’t have many problems just some disputes about lands that were long ago part of the Swazi Kingdom with South Africa.

 

 

POLICY STATEMENTS

 

Disarmament: Hessa Al Malallah

 


 

Delegate: Fatemah Boukhadour

Environment Commission

1) Protection of the global climate for present and future generations of mankind, including ratification and implementation of the Kyoto protocol.

Currently, worrying matters at the modern time tend to be concerned with poverty, diseases, war, and economy decline or food/water scarcity. Although they are all enormously important issues, not many nations have turned their heads to a new uprising burden that reflects on most of these concerns, global climate control. Greenhouse gas emissions such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and three synthetic substitutes for ozone-depleting CFCs are extremely powerful and long-lasting in the atmosphere. They are very effective at destroying the ozone layer and can store over 270 times more heat than 1 regular carbon dioxide molecule causing rising global temperatures. Rising global temperatures are expected to raise sea level, and change rainfall and other local climate conditions. Changing regional climate could change forests, crop income, and water supplies. It could also affect human health, animals, and many types of ecosystems and environments ; deserts may expand and features of some national parks may be permanently altered.

At a conference held in Kyoto, Japan, the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change agreed to a remarkable Protocol to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by controlling the forces of the global marketplace to protect the environment. The Kyoto Protocol is an agreement that would, after entering into force, require industrialized nations to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases according to specific targets and timetables. It highlights an important step and milestone in the long path towards achieving the Convention's supreme objective of "stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system."

Since Swaziland is too occupied with current matters such as poverty and economy decline, it is considered to be for the Kyoto Protocol even though it has not officially ratified it. Swaziland is believed to be for the Kyoto Protocol since it does not have much effect on it's economy. In addition, the Royal Kingdom of Swaziland firmly believes that the Kyoto Protocol should be implemented since it aims to the protection of the present/future generations of man kind, the environment, and the future of all living in a marvelously secure healthy world. The Kyoto Protocol is simply attempting to achieve global awareness to the impacts of the global climate and is trying to set limits for gas emissions in order to provide a safer environment for all.

True. Your country simply won’t pollute very much. Hence, you won’t worry about the requirements for you.

 

2) The impacts of roads, mining, cities and other infrastructure developments on land degradation and the loss of wildlife habitats.

The construction of roads, mining, cities and other infrastructure may seem to help the development of a country, but it definitely proves to be otherwise if these developments are causing land degradation and the loss of wildlife habitats. So it seems that they will come back to some, but in developing countries, they cannot afford to lose what they have. Land degradation would cause a crash in agriculture, hence the fact that the economy would suffer too. Wildlife habitats were not considered a priority before, but now they have much more atteon them since they have lead to the expansion of income from tourism. If the loss of a wildlife habitat would occur, developing countries, especially ones in Africa and Asia that depend on tourism for income, would have a humongous decline in the economy.

Unfortunately, Swaziland is poverty-stricken and therefore is unable to construct many roads, mines, cities, or infrastructure. Although it does currently have a problem with land degradation and the loss of wildlife, it is not caused by the impacts of these developments. Wildlife loss is actually caused by excessive hunting while land degradation is by overgrazing and soil erosion. The damage of infrastructure is not relevant to Swaziland since over two thirds of its highways are unpaved and 17 out of 18 runways at the airport are unpaved, however if it had the money to, it would certainly construct and develop itself wisely since it has witnessed the damage the mistreatment of construction of structures has caused to other countries. And so, the Kingdom of Swaziland urges all countries to support it in developing and improving the state of its glorious kingdom.

 

3) The provision of, and access to, safe drinking water, especially in the developing world.

Water problems are gaining more concern in the world every single day. Be it water borne diseases, water scarcity, or the threat of industrial and toxic wastes. But the most serious of these problems, is water shortage. Water is the essence of life and an entire population could be destroyed from water shortage. This is the case in most developing countries, especially in Africa. Many organizations have been formed to aid in water problems of which is "Africa 2000" which is a program initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Unfortunately, the Royal Kingdom of Swaziland is considered one of the developing countries, as it suffers greatly from water scarcity. Disappointingly, Swaziland does not have the ability to gain help from abroad since its voice is not being heard by the World community. Therefore, Swaziland feels strongly about solving the international water crises, water scarcity in particular,as it is so close to home.

The Swazi economydepends highly on agriculture which has a high dependency on water supplies. The Swazi economy continues to suffer from droughts and occasional floods that the country has been experiencing in the past decades. Since the Royal Kingdom of Swaziland is unable to fund any agencies/organizations to share its view on the international water crises and it is not getting its voice heard, that has prevented it from participating with other nations and multilateral agencies sharing the same view and needs. In its support, Swaziland hopes to be involved in various organizations concerning water problems including "Africa 2000" which is a program initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO). The program aims to raise awareness of the significance of water supply needs and assures access to water supplies to the African population. The main problem in Swaziland is safe water shortage. Raising global awareness to this matter and creating donating organizations for Swaziland would greatly aid in this problem. More money would lead to building a better environment for the people and would hopefully encourage much more production from them. In addition, further money would also promote the idea of eventually building a factory for producing and refining clean water suitable for general use. An agreement with other African countries to share water supplies would also assist in solving the problem of getting enough water.

 

4) Measures to gain necessary compensation for victims of chemical agents.

In the recent history of mankind till this current day, a great fear amongst us has been crawling behind our thoughts on every decision an important person makes on a risky matter. Whether it is the President of the United States of America, or the Maharaja of India. Yes, it is the risk of having chemical warfare. Chemical warfare and the use of chemical agents have slaughtered and jeopardized the lives of far more than enough people. No use can come from them, only pain, suffering and anguish. The victims of these disastrous chemical agents are frequently in conflict with numerous countries/governments in order to gain necessary compensation. This is morally wrong since these victims have already had to tolerate a treacherous experience from the chemical agents. Whether or not these victims were intentional and deliberately exposed themselves to these agents does not matter. People's lives are at stake, and the consequences are high.

Swaziland does not and hopefully will NEVER have chemical agents, hence the fact that it will not have to pay the victims. This topic is irrelevant to the Royal Kingdom of Swaziland, however, it thoroughly supports these victims. Swaziland affirms that these chemical agents are only providing a worse environment for both the developing and developed societies of the world. No significant use can come from chemical agents or chemical warfare. The sooner they are banished, the sooner the world will become a better place. And so, the Royal Kingdom of Swaziland calls upon all nations to vote for a policy that provides payment to the victims of chemical agents and to unite and condemn all the cruel abusers of the rightful peace of the world with these terrible acts of violence .

 

 

For Human Rights Commission: Muneera


1) Comprehensive implementation of and the follow-up to the world conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance:

Racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and associated intolerance. Defining racism as the belief that race is a reason for differentiation in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others it’s also the discrimination or prejudice based on race. Racial discrimination is the act of unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of race, gender or religion. Problems also occurring in the 21-first century are racial intolerance.

Swaziland recognizes and acknowledge that slavery, slave trade, other forms of servitude, take-over and colonialism are the primitive sources and signs of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance that have resulted in poverty and segregation of large numbers of humans of the world population. This has particularly occurred within Africans and humans of African descent. The consequences of this situation continue in many of our societies and constitute a cause of regular bias that still affects large amounts of the population. Swaziland stress’s the need for all States which are committing such acts to accept the grave suffering they caused and the heinous acts committed. Also emphasizing that poverty, under-development, social exclusion and economic differences, between and within nations, which owe their existence in part to colonial exploitation, are closely associated with racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, and contribute to the persistence of racial attitudes.

 

2) Role of the media in highlighting human and civil rights abuses:

The media may have an influential role in problems of human and civil rights abuse and the media could very much be a way of acting out, and standing up for your rights. There is one problem for countries that unfortunately cannot afford to have a very influential and respectable media, what else do they have to voice out there problems.

The Royal family controls the media in Swaziland. For the Royal family owns all of their Television Stations except for one and even though the Royal police are constantly on their case. Recently the Royal police confiscated a video tape by a court order because the government though that the tape was "threatening the foundations of the kingdom." The government will allow freedom, but not if it infringes on the countries government’s privacy. Swaziland is severly secretive with it’s royal family.

 

3) Treatment of prisoners of conscience and political detainees:

Many imprisoned people around the globe may have been put in jail because they were either prisoners of conscience or political detainees. Defining prisoners of conscience as those who refuse to do something because of a moral or ethical aspect to their conduct along with the urge to prefer right over wrong. A political detainee is a person held in custody or confinement for political reasons. Supposedly African countries have been jailing a lot of those whom impose the government or are in fact prisoners of conscience and are using force to do so. The police in South African nations have been intolerable and have used violence against some activists they are also reported as out of control.

Swaziland doesn’t have many political detainees or prisoners of conscience and this is due to the lack of freedom and people know their limits this is why Swazi’s don’t infringe the rules that have been set for them. The police however are ready to punish whomever disobeys the law or goes out of line.

 

4) Combating the trafficking in illegal immigrants:

Trafficking is the act of trading, dealing or harboring, in this case people within or across borders by deception or coercion. Trafficking is a growing phenomenon that concerns and affects almost every country. It has also become very popular in the 21-century.

ThGovernment of Swaziland does not yet do the following:

1.Prohibit trafficking and punish acts of trafficking.

2.Set punishment equal with that for severe crimes, such as rape, for the knowing commission of trafficking in some of its most culpable forms (trafficking for sexual purposes, trafficking involving rape or kidnapping, or trafficking that causes a death).

3.Setting a punishment that is sufficiently strict to discourage trafficking, and that effectively show the offense’s atrocious nature, for knowing commission of any act of trafficking,

4.Make serious and sustained efforts to eliminate trafficking.

However, the Government is making significant efforts to combat trafficking. The Government is limiteby a lack of resources, and corruption is a in some localities. The law does not prohibit specifically the act of trafficking, but there is a range of other relevant laws that may be used to prosecute traffickers. The perpetrator usually is liable for a fine between $1,300 to $9,300 and usually is responsible for the cost of tracking, locating, detaining, and repatriating victims of trafficking. Government officials acknowledge that trafficking is a problem; however, the problem of trafficking usually is categorized under the larger issues of violence against women or illegal migration. For the first time, the Border Police included the principle of protecting women and children against trafficking in their strategic plan for 2001. There are few programs to assist victims of trafficking, and most of these have been established by NGO's. Victims who fall into police custody usually are deported soon thereafter. So Swaziland has improved tremendously in the last century and will continue with its efforts to ban trafficking. The government of Swaziland wants to ban trafficking, but it also profits from the immigrants since many men go to South Africa and they then provide money. Swaziland is mostly anti-trafficking.

 


 

 

Social Committee:Sara

1) Security issues on the Internet in relation to personal privacy and international terrorism

In our world today some Security information that are private to a country are displayed on the internet, when this information is discovered and viewed it may result in terrorism so the people viewing this information may use this information to that country’s disadvantage in order to harm them and that is one of the issues that are increasing rapidly in our world today.

This issue doesn’t concern Swaziland a lot. Swaziland is not worrying about Security issues on the internet because Swaziland doesn’t have internet it is not a wealthy nation, Swaziland is poor it worries about getting enough money to develop its country in all areas and hopefully get internet, and then only then will it be concerned about this issue.

 

2) Measures to combat racism and aid reconciliation in former African colonies, including South Africa and Zimbabwe.

Racism is the belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a certain race is superior to others. In Zimbabwe the white population which represents 1% of the total population, shapes a separate group that enjoys a high standard of living and they control a greater amount of land than blacks do, the whites also control most of the countries private businesses. Zimbabwe’s white population still lives very much aloof from the African majority and the chance of socializing between the two races is relatively little. Since Zimbabwe’s independence the government has assured to redistribute the white farmland to landless Africans and hasn’t done anything up till now. Therefore, the issue of landform is a cause of tension between both races.

In Swaziland racism and tribalism is not the issue, Swaziland’s tribes don’t have any disagreements nor problems against each other. In addition, Swaziland doesn’t have a lot of race discrimination between black people and white people. However, Swaziland’s problem is with the basic human rights, Swaziland’s authorities are suffocating people from the same tribe deprived of their own rights, not having the right to learn, a citizen can be homeless at anytime, and finally not having the right to recourse in court. And that is more important to Swaziland than racism now.

3) Implementation of the declaration of commitment on HIV/AIDS

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a disease that causes Acquired Immune Syndrome (AIDS), which is a disease that damages the body’s immune system. In cases whethe immune system doesn’t work properly, the body wouldn’t be able to fight infections. People suffering from HIV/AIDS die from diseases that other people are able to resist. In addition, even a cold can be life threatening to people suffering from HIV/AIDS. There are four common ways in which HIV/AIDS can be spread, it can be spread by blood products, sexual intercourse, the sharing of contaminated needle and last but not least a pregnant women to her developing baby. However, scientists that study HIV/AIDS have not yet discovered a cure to this life-threatening disease that is increasing rapidly in our world today. Today it is estimated that about 40million people are living with HIV/AIDS of these 37.1 million are adults from those 37.1 million 18.5 of them are women and from the 40million 3million are children under the age of 15.

Swaziland is a country that has one of the highest rates of HIV/AIDS in the world. In addition, it is estimated that no less than 1 in 5 adults is living with HIV/AIDS. Swaziland’s total population according to the 1999 est. is 980,000, 13% (130,000) of Swaziland’s population were infected with HIV, more than half of them were women (67,000) ages 15-49, more than a quarter of pregnant women were HIV-positive. There were 10,705 living children who had been orphaned by the disease and another 3,800 children infected with HIV. The cause of this disease in Swaziland is mainly because of sex. Swaziland’s society expects women to be less important and very obedient and allows men to have multiple sexual partners, which exposes women to HIV infection. A health ministry survey taken at the beginning of this year found 34.4% of adult in Swaziland are either infected by HIV or AIDS and predicted that 1 quarter of the population would be dead from the disease by 2010.

Recognition by the city councils in Swaziland has been given, stating that HIV/AIDS is not only a health issue, it is a development issue and requires more awareness and involvement of all sectors of society. On February 1999 king Mswatti III announced that HIV/AIDS is a natural disaster and as a result a national HIV/AIDS Crisis Management and Technical Committee was formed to develop strategies and tackle this disaster. The Crisis Management and Technical Committee provides many services such as nutritional care, nutritional advice, awareness, healthcare centers, hospitals, and clinics. Swaziland cannot have a big role in resolving this issue because of the lack of money it has. Swaziland is in dire need of help due to the increasing amout of people with AIDS thus Swaziland would sign any resolution that would provide money or help AIDS in any way.

 

4) Strengthening the coordination of the UN humanitarian assistance in cases of natural disasters and complex humanitarian emergencies, with particular attention to reaching the vulnerable and the transition from relief to development.

Throughout the years, certain efforts made by the UN and its partners to improve effectiveness in terms of humanitarian assistance were highlighted. Progress made throughout countries was noted. In recent years, the UNHCR has provided international assistance to over 20 million people yearly comprising refugees and an increasing number of displaced people. In addition, in 1997 the UN launched 10 new Consolidated inter-agency appeals, which raised more than $800 million to help 15 million people in 15 countries. However, humanitarian aid is required to provide millions of people with food, protection, clean water, shelter, health care, education and a chance for self-sufficiency. More over, the whole purpose of humanitarian assistance is to insure that every person has the right of life with dignity.

Swaziland congratulates all humanitarian aids sent to countries in need by the UN and the organizations that comprise the UN. It really appreciates all donations that were sent to Swaziland. For example, the recent distribution of corn, which is also called maize, beans and last but not least cooking oil that took place in Swaziland on August 2002. However, more contributions and donations are needed in order to stabilize the crisis that Swaziland is witnessing. Swaziland also appreciates all efforts made by the UN for improving humanitarian assistance but thinks that the UN should reconsider the structure of such efforts because the UN is not accomplishing its consent to do more. Alt, many organizations have contribto assist countries in cases of natural disasters and complex humanitarian assistance and so on, unfortunately such organizations are not fulfilling the country’s needs. Swaziland believes that the UN should priorities humanitarian issues over anything else, and help poor countries by improving educational programs, and aid in developing health care and establishing more health facilities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RESOLUTIONS




Disarmament: Hessa Al Malallah

 

 

Delegation: The Royal Kingdom of Swaziland

Delegate: Fatemah Boukhadour

Question of: the provision of, and access to, safe drinking water, especially in the developing world.

Recognizing that the access to safe drinking water is essential for all life forms whether it is for humans, animals, or plants and that the provision of it is a necessity for existence,

Noting with particular reference to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Water, Environment and Sanitation organization (WES), that there have been numerous programs and organizations formed attempting to put an end to this problem but they have failed (http://www.childinfo.org/eddb/water/current.htm),

Deeply disturbed by the fact that the UN has been involved in water, environmental and sanitation issues since the 1960's and yet no master solution has been found while 1 billion people in the world are currently living without access to safe water and 3 billion are living without sanitary facilities (http://www.unicef.org/programme/wes/info/westat.htm ),

Fully Alarmed by the lack of reliable information about countries regarding water crises and sanitation, problems of maintenance and insufficient human resource development resulting in shortage of trained staff which is leading to the continuation of the water dilemma,

Bearing in Mind that the aim of this resolution is to hopefully provide a quality service to the public and the water sector at international levels through which sustainable water resources protection, development and utilization is promoted,

Recalling the fact that developing countries are in great need of abundant water resources and that they are currently diminishing while there are no overall policies to aid developing water use, and that water is now a major constraint to the development of these countries,

Congratulates "Africa 2000" (a program initiated by the World Health Organization) on its attempt at raising awareness of the significance of water supply needs and access to water supplies to the African population,

Alarmed by the number of diseases countries, developing countries in particular, are distributing to their population by low-standard water quality because of ineffectual water sanitation including the disposal of human sewage,

Taking into Account that all previous efforts have confirmed that singular government industries/branches that work alone are unsuccessful and cannot effectively sort out this obstacle,

Congratulates "Africa 2000" (a program initiated by WHO) on its attempt at raising awareness of the significance of water supply needs and access to water supplies to the African population, the National Water Act for the achievement of a great amount of its goals in a short period of time, and the South African government for distributing water to approximately 6.5 million people up to 2001,

Emphasizing the importance of enhancing public awareness of health and environmental issues caused by contaminated water, in addition acknowledging the significance of water seen as the world water counter is declining consequentially from over-extraction for agriculture and manufacturing.

1.Affirms the existence of the water dilemma in most of the developing countries and encourages all countries to cooperate in unity and donate all possible funds to aid in the formation of the United Nations International Water and Sanitation Fund (UNIWSF) which will have a structural composition of the following departments:

a) Administrative Department, which will include these branches:

i. Engineering and Design Branch,

ii. Public Health Branch,

iii.Research and Development Branch,

b) Financial Department;

2. Declares that the UNIWSF will hopefully tackle the uprising water crises and aims to:

a) Apply international water quality guidelines to provide a quality service to the public and the water sector,

b) Increase public awareness and responsibility towards water and sanitation development by passing the information found by UNIWSF on to the government which will then deal with distributing it to the population at mass,

c) To promote utilization, development and protection of sustainable water resources,

d) To form a database of required information of all countries including:

i. Percentage of the population in need of water,

ii. Percentage of population that suffer from diseases which are caused by contaminated water,

iii.Area’s of higher priority within the country itself,

iv.Level of sanitation,

v. Methods of water distribution, in addition to all other figures concerning water/sanitation,

e) To research all needed categories needed throughout the course of development,

3. Designates that the aims/goals of the UNIWSF shall be allocated to the above mentioned branches as follows:

a) Administrative Department:

i. Ensure performance and coordination of each branch,

ii. Relate rational use of water at the community level based on the information found by the R&D,

iii. Review quarterly reports provided by branches, and based on it:

iv.Provides reports to member countries, as well as:

v. Presenting UNIWSF to non-member countries in order to encourage their participation in the program;

b) Financial Department:

i. Collects donations and contributions from member countries and distributes them based on facts presented by the Research and Development Branch,

ii. Estimate costs needed to implement new plans, prepare machines, and to carry out checkups,

iii. Payments of salaries for staff of UNIWSF,

c) Research and Development (R&D) Branch (under the supervision of the Administrative Department):

i. Develop a database of required information of all countries including the above mentioned categories/figures (Clause 2, Sub-Clause e); and name it as the UNIWSF Database,

ii. To research all needed categories needed throughout the course of development including:

1. Research available resource options within each country,

2. New engineering methods to optimize productivity of sanitized water,

3. New sanitary methods personalized to suit the requirements of each country,

d) Engineering and Design Branch (under the supervision of the Administrative Department):

i. Provide required training for staff members of the branch,

ii. Update machines and techniques required,

iii.Annually check:

1. Maintenance of machines and techniques,

2. Implementation of the new engineering techniques,

e) Public Health Branch (under the supervision of the Administrative Department):

i. Annually check levels of sanitation,

ii. Provide required training for staff members of the branch,

iii. Check for percentage of diseases caused by contaminated water every 3 years for each country and at an international percentage,

iv. Test for proper engineering techniques that fulfill minimum sanitation requirements that determined by the R&D,

v. Determine amount of water needed for each country,

vi.Estimate each country’s priority in need of water;

4. Encourages the cooperation of all governments, organizations, programs and funds to aid and contribute all possible to the UNIWSF and provide the following:

a) Donations and contributions of generous amounts to aid in the formation of the UNIWSF in order to achieve its aims and to facilitate development in countries,

b) Staff members to be trained on UNIWSF expense,

c) Contribute needed information to aid in the completion of the UNIWSF database,

d) Open borders for agents/messengers/staff sent by UNIWSF and providing them with necessary visas,

5.Concludes that UNIWSF will send staff members and provide aid only to countries that:

a) Are members in UNIWSF,

b) Request aid from UNIWSF and therefore approve of opening their borders;

6. Resolves that the water dilemma is causing great impact on the survival of people and the only way it can be solved is by funding an organization such UNIWSF that has all its structure and aims pre-detailed and immediate in order to get anticipating results rapidly;

7.Further Resolves that each country’s appreciated vote on passing this resolution will contribute greatly to the survival of every child and woman suffering from the disasters of contaminated water.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Counrty: Swaziland

Delegate: Muneera Al- Nibari

Commission: Human Rights

Question of: Comprehensive implementation of and the follow-up to the world conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance.

Defining racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and racial intolerance as the belief that race is a reason for differentiation in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others,

Stressing that all human rights are universal, no matter what race, color, sex, gender, language, national or ethnic identity, social origin, disability, sexual orientation, age and religion,

Viewing with appreciations the International Movement Against All Forms of Discrimination And Racism (IMADR) in which countries from all regions took place therefore different views due to religion or culture were taken into account,

Bearing in mind that millions of people are discriminated against every day and have been since the dawn of time whether it was slavery, the holocaust, apartheid, or ethnic cleansing.

1) Highlights the existence of racial problems within nations that might be because of:

a) Gender

b) Religion

c) Race, Ethnicity

d) Disability

e) Sexual Orientation

2) Acknowledges the seriousness of acts of racial intolerance and other forms of racial discrimination, therefore there will be a committee under the UNCHR that will be the United Nations Elimination of Racism (UNER) which will do much to help eradicate racism by doing the following:

a) Showing people the atrociousness of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance,

b) Helps those victims of xenophobia, racism, racial discrimination, and related intolerance,

3) Declares that due to the lack of awareness about the racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, related intolerance and it’s effects, an awareness program that will operate under The World Conference against racism and racial discrimination, will do the following:

a) Broaden teaching about racism all through member countries by:

i. Campaigns and awareness programs in places open to the public

ii. Increasing education about racism through classes in school

b) Enhance awareness through media programs like:

i. Television commercials and infomercials

ii. Radio advertisements

iii. Posters and pamphlets given out in public places,

4) Recommends that the governments that are members of UNER to treat those who’ve been discriminated against as victims of serious human rights and develop help/crisis centers that would provide medical and psychological assistance to the victims of racism and racial discrimination to be run by local authorities and open to all in need,

5) Strongly advises countries to take appropriate measures to avoid brutality by officers in the police force against people of diversities, and do the following:

a) A thorough investigation about each candidates past and if they have a police record they should not be considered as candidates for employment in the police force,

b) Each person applying for the police academy should undergo an evaluation when their friends and family are interviewed and their past history is checked to see whether they have racially discriminative or tendencies that could endanger human life,

c) If there are cases of police brutality, then the culprits should be expelled from the force and should not be allowed to take up any type of employment where they could endanger human life or express their racist views or tendencies,

6) Requests that all countries cooperate and become a member of the UNER, hoping that we’ll implement harsher laws on those who commit acts of racial discrimination, to do the following:

a) To define racism as discrimination or prejudice based on race or the act of unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of race, gender or religion,

b) Any persons who commit acts of racism etc. will penalized depending on the severity of a case, punishments include:

i. Certain amount of years

ii. Life imprisonment

iii. Tried in the ICJ.

 

 

Delegation: Swaziland

Delegate: Sarah Al-Dalali

Committee: Social

Question of: Implementation of the declaration of commitment on HIV/AIDS

Defining Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) as a human viral disease that ravages the immune system, impairing the body’s ability to defend itself from infections and diseases caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV),

Pointing out that even a cold can be life threatening to a person that suffers from HIV/AIDS,

Adding that HIV/AIDS can be spread in various ways such as blood products, sexual intercourse, contaminated needles and from a pregnant women to her developing baby,

Deeply Disturbed that today more than 40 million people are estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS of these 37.1 million are adults 18.5 million are women and 3 million are children under the age of 15 and it is the fastest deadliest disease,

Noting with deep concern than in 1998 in Swaziland 130,000 people were infected with HIV/AIDS, more than half of them 67,000 were woman , 10,705 were children that were orphaned and 3,800 were children,

Viewing with appreciations all efforts made by the World Health Organization, the UNHCR , the UNAIDS, the UNICEF and all organization concerning HIV/AIDS to help decrease this deadly disease from further spreading

1-Resolves the creation of a subcommittee from the World Health Organization named Africa AIDS (AAIDS) that would have the following:

a) It would meet every six months

b) It would consist of 35 seats comprising scientists, engineers, doctors, 10 representatives of wealthy countries, and 10 representatives of developed countries.

c) It would have its headquarters in Swaziland

d) It would have 5 branches in the 5 most countries suffering from HIV/AIDS

2-Further resolves that (AAIDS) would perform the following:

a) Evaluate the progression of HIV/AIDS in the poor countries in Africa

b) Provide such countries with more health facilities such as:

1) Hospitals

2) Clinics

3) Therapeutic centers

b) Evaluate the progression of drugs related to HIV/AIDS

c) Provide such countries with drugs that help in the reduction of HIV/AIDS

3-Calls upon all African nations suffering from a high percentage of HIV/AIDS to allow the (AAIDS) to send:

a) Engineers to look over the country and build hospitals

b) Doctors to evaluate the progression of these hospitals and the rate of HIV/AIDS in the country.

c) Scientist to research about AIDS and perform experiments to find out what causes AIDS in the country

5- Further reminds that the AAIDS would perform for all African nations the following:

a) Making a AIDS awareness month

b) Advertising this issue by posters, billboards, TV, radio, etc.

(Mass media)

c) Introduce issue in newspapers and go in depth about it

d) Devote more time on TV, radio and more space on newspapers and posters to discussions and in depth information about HIV/AIDS

6-Further Resolves that the AAIDS will give free anti-aids drugs according to the following conditions:

a) The AAIDS judges that the country has a need for drugs

b) The country agrees to have AAIDS experts run an educational program in AIDS awareness including spoken educational programs and safe sex practices and facts about AIDS

7-Hopes that all nations will take this issue into consideration as it is spreading globally and think deeply and wisely about it and vote for this resolution

 

 

Opening Speech:

Sanibonani, Ninjani? Hope all honorable delegates are well. Here from the country of safety, stability and peace. Come to Swaziland where a scenic tour of a land full of mountainous magnificence, flourishing forests and verdant valleys will mesmerize you. Unfortunately Swaziland may not be able to maintain that beauty of it’s land for it does not have the commodities to do so.As our Honorable King said "We do not inherit the earth from our forefathers, we borrow it from our children."

Swaziland being a neutral country does not suffer from racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and associated intolerance but it aknowledge that they are occurrences that we face in the 21 century. Swaziland stress’s the need for all States which are committing acts of racism to accept the grave suffering they caused and the heinous acts committed. Also emphases that poverty, under-development, social exclusion and economic differences, between and within nations, which owe their existence in part to colonial exploitation, are closely associated with racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, and contribute to the persistence of racial attitudes. Swaziland with the your help would like to put an end to racism.

 



 

Statement of Delegates:



Muneera Al Nibari, ambassador/HR

Swaziland being a country of safety, stability and peace, wasn’t very opposing in the assembly. Overall as the Ambassador of Swaziland in the KFSAC MUN I felt that we the delegation of Swaziland had come to appreciate Swaziland’s mountainous magnificence, flourishing forests and verdant valleys and so did the people in our assembly. In the Human Rights Committee we had a very productive event, some of the resolutions that were disputed were very much ineffective an example was one on The comprehensive implementation of and the follow-up to the world conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance. Swaziland was opposing to this resolution and showed the many flaws and vagueness’ that that resolution contained and so it failed. Another topic discussed was that of The treatment of political detainees and prisoners of conscience, the resolution on this topic gave those prisoners too many rights and forgot that they are prisoners therefore they had done something wrong. What arouse in the debate, was that this resolution was providing an incentive for citizens to undermine their governments authority. Overall it was a very effective event for Swaziland in which we made our attendance known among other countries and voted for resolutions which had offered aid and helped the people of Swaziland in anyway.


Sarah Al Dalali, social

On November the 5th in the year of 2002, Swaziland a small peaceful country that is located in Southern Africa has enjoyed it’s stay in an MUN conference held in Kuwait, KFSAC. Swaziland was deeply disturbed that not a lot of people knew where it was located, many delegates had mistaken Swaziland with Switzerland. At first, Swaziland was aloof, but along the journey, Swaziland made a lot of allies. The most hilarious and outrageous thing that took place during the last day in the general assembly was that the delegate of Iran represented by another school had made a motion to overthrow the chair, which put a smile on every delegates face and fits of giggles erupted from the stage which made the chair angry. Unfortunately, that motion was denied and the delegate who made the motion had been kicked out. Obviously, this MUN conference has a great impact on me, in which it expanded my general knowledge.


Fatemah Boukhadour, environmental

On the 5th to the 7th of November 2002, Al-Bayan Bilingual School proudly participated in the KFSAC-MUN event at ASK and AIS. I, Fatemah Boukhadour, was part of a group that represented Swaziland. During the event, many of the students that were representing other countries were clueless about their relations with Swaziland let alone the influence of Swaziland in the world. Fortunately, my attempt at representing the Swazi policy was efficient, and I can proudly say that I presented the Swazi policy at its best. Successfully, I persuaded 8 other countries to sign on to my resolution. But unfortunately, the minimum number of signers was 15. Never the less I contributed about 7 clauses to the other resolution and debated all the other resolutions with regards to the national policy. I questioned all the aspects that were related to my region and made sure of my decision and the resolutions' benefit to the world when voting. Thankfully, it was a very successful event.