Country: Federal Republic of Germany
Event: Pearl-MUN 2003
Student: Saad Behbehani [GA]
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2002-2003 Team page
1871 - Bismarck founded modern Germany. 1890 - Bismarck sacked warmonger Wilhelm II takes direct control. The population then starts to widen in Germany. Germany starts World War 1 and kills million’s of people. Germany losses the war, and allow Hitler to take power. They start World War 2 and they lose the war too. The economy gets poor in Germany and the US starts to help. With the years, today Germany becomes one of the countries with the most powerful economy. The president of Germany is Karl Schroeder.
"The constructive vote of no confidence" takes place in the German Parliament, the Bundestag. The Chancellor is elected by the Bundestag, and can be removed by a "no confidence" motion. Votes must be in favor to this motion in addition to the selection of a credible successor.
Berlin is the Capital of Germany, and the government of the Germany is a federal republic, like the U.S.A., in which there is a strong democratic tradition. The government is split into three main branches: The executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. The Chancellor, or the prime minister, is a parliamentary head of government with most authority. The Chancellor has the right to outline government policy and select and dismiss ministers. Gerhard Shröder has served as Chancellor since 1998. Germany got it’s independence on 18 January 1871. The constitution was written in 23 May 1949, known as Basic Law; became constitution of the united German people 3 October 1990. The legal system is civil law system with indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts in the Federal Constitutional Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
Germany has good and bad neighbors surrounding her and sharing with her boarders. The nine countries that border Germany are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland where it has good relations with its neighbors except Poland.
Germany which has a total area of 357,021 sq. km is located in Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark. The nine countries that border Germany are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland where it has good relations with its neighbors except Poland.
Germany has a mild weather, with hot summers and cold winters, although long periods of freeze or snow are very rare. It rains during the year, especially in July. During the summer, the storms usually bring thunders and lightning storms. It can get to be very cold in winter, and the lakes and channels of the country usually freeze. The average temperatures are 2°C in winter and 24°C in summer. Germany has lowlands in north, uplands in center, and Bavarian Alps in south. The lowest point in Germany is Neuendorf bei Wilster and the highest point is Zugspitze. Germany’s climate would be rated as too cold in winter, and too hot in summer.
Germany is rich with its variety of natural resources such as iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, uranium, copper, gas, salt, nickel, and arable land. As well as has different natural hazards such as flooding in the Southern and Eastern cities including Passau, Dresden and Prague.
As for the environment of Germany, the release from coal-burning utilities and industries contribute to air pollution; acid rain, resulting from sulfur dioxide emissions, is damaging forests; pollution in the Baltic Sea from raw sewage and industrial effluents from rivers in eastern Germany; hazardous waste disposal. And for the climate the climate temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm foehn wind. Germany has good soil which results in producing good agricultural products from potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, and cabbages. All in all the Germany is quite rich in its natural resources which give big benefit to the economy where the exports of Germany natural resources have reached 608 billion dollars.
Germany is a home to many nationalities and people which cause the population to grow in amount. Germany’s population is 83,251,851 and this population is composed of different religions and nationalities. In Germany 34% of the religions are Protestants, 34% Roman Catholics, 3.7% Muslims, 28.3% others. Because of the large population there are a lot of different ethnic groups composing of 2.4% Turkish and 6.1% others including Serbo-Croatian, Italian, Russian, Greek, Polish, and Spanish.
The relation between Germany and the Turks is extremely frictional. The large number of Turks in Germany is a source of extremely cheap labor, thereby lowering the minimum wage for Germans and expatriates alike. For this reason, they are hated in Germany by lower class Germans.
As a result of the different nationalities Germany has only one spoken language which is German. Because of the different job offers and freedom of all nationalities in the Germany a lot of migrants come to Germany about 3.99 migrants which make about 1000 of the population.
One of the advantages of Germany is that it has a large number of people that can read and write and that makes up about 99% of the population which is a very large amount and gives a great benefit to the country. Germany takes good care of its citizens where it spends 524 billion dollars yearly on health care which decreases the amount of sicknesses. But still one of the major problems in Germany is AIDS. 39,000 people are living with HIV/AIDS in Germany and 780 have died.
Germany has good defense and military where 38.8 billion dollars is spent on the military yearly and there are 17,734,977 men from age 15- 49 working in the military. Comparing to the US defense Germany represents only a small percentage of the US army. The German defense and army helped Kuwait during the Gulf War between Iraq and Kuwait. Germany never uses nuclear weapons.
Put together with France’s manpower of 14 million, this makes a somewhat strong coalition, and it is great compared to the Russian manpower of 38 million. Because of Russia’s precarious economy, victory can be easily attained. Germany has an arsenal of conventional weapons only. In actual troops, Germany is no threat to anyone. The Russian army is a massive, poorly trained, drafted army. The German is professional, well-paid, and tiny.
The defense in Germany is composed of different sections which are the Department of Army, Department of Navy (including naval air arm), Department of Air Force, Department of Medic Corps, and the Department of Joint Support Service. The common age in which men are asked to the army is 18 years.
Germany has a good budget; its budget is 820 billion dollars while its expenditures are 825 billion dollars. Germany's affluent and technologically powerful economy turned in a relatively weak performance throughout much of the 1990s. Germany has different sources of income and one of them is the Industries. among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages; shipbuilding; textiles. The industrial production growth rate had gone down this year 2.1%.
As for Germany exports which consist of their agricultural products and industrial supplies Germany with a lot of money which is 608 billion dollars and Germany also has export partners who are France which receives 11.1%, US 10.6%, UK 8.4%, Netherlands 6.2%, Austria 5.1%, Belgium 4.9%, Spain 4.5%, and Switzerland 4.3%. But all this amounts are a lot more than the imports which are 487.3 billion dollars.
As for the amount of unemployment is big where it represents 9.8% of the total population, but now with its low in the economy the level of unemployment might increase. The national debt in Germany is big where it reached about 2.184 trillion dollars in year 2002. The labor force is 41.9 million. 33% work for industry, 3% agriculture, and 64% services. The currency used in Germany is the Euro (EUR).
View on World Problems:
As Europe’s largest economy and most populous nation, Germany remains a key member of the continents economic, political, and defense organizations. Today, Germany is taking a strong opinion towards terrorism where it is trying strongly to stop them in Germany and helping with stopping them around the world. There is also a German connection to the horrific attacks in New York and Washington, DC. Several of the alleged Arab attackers lived in Hamburg and had other German contacts. 88% of all terrorists in Germany are not German. A very high percentage of terrorists in Germany are Arabs including Libyans, Palestinians, and Turks.
Germany is a country which is trying to stop the war between the US and Iraq which already started. It's almost impossible to stop the machinery of modern war once it has been put into place. Countries that now condemn the United States (Germany, France and Russia) failed to speak up when their voices might have really counted. All what Germany wants is peace in the world.
As well as Germany has many friends it also has different relations with other countries such as Sweden and Belgium. The relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Kingdom of Sweden and Belgium are political, economic, and cultural relations. Although Germany has many friends it also has enemies and countries that she hates and they hate her. Poland is one of the countries that hate Germany. Germany hates the UK.
German-Israeli relations are excellent. The two countries have strong political and economic ties, exchange students and scientists, and have an overall perfect relationship. This leads to an unpopular image in the Arab world. Germany has a good relationship with the US but it still condemns the war.
When the EC was established, one of the main goals was to promote economic development and secure prosperity in Europe. The six founding members agreed to set up a common market, i.e. an area in which the national markets could function as one, without any borders. The customs union and the free movement of goods, services, persons and capital between the member states are important features of the EU common market. Germany is one of the countries that have a good relationship with the ECC.
The eruption of World War One occurred in Germany, by means of patriotism. All German military representatives avoided all means of peaceful discussions and were hungry for war. The Germans hoped to defeat Paris through Hungary but could not. The Soviets then attacked from the West. Germany was then defended. After 4 years of fighting, Germany accepted the Versailles Treaty, which cost the country a huge sum of money and land.
Accepting this treaty led to anger towards the new German government. This anger was what initiated the Nazis. Several years after the treaty, Hitler was chosen Chancellor. He preserved all dictatorial powers to him self and turned Germany towards repression. All other Political Parties were banned. Hitler revived the German military, making it extremely powerful.
Germany dropped out of the League of Nations. It formed a union with Italy and Japan, known as the Axis powers. It then invaded Czechoslovakia, and split Poland with the USSR. It then occupied most of Europe, including France. It also broke its agreement with the USSR and waged war on it.
The US confirmed war after the bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. By then, the tides began to turn. The Germans were driven out of most of Europe and the USSR. In the face of certain defeat, Hitler committed suicide. Post war Germany was divided into 4 zones, each controlled by one of the allied countries. Three of them later combined into West Germany. East Germany was still under communist rule. After the collapse of the USSR in 1990, Germany comes together. It has since achieved the status of the powerful nation it once was, and has established good relations with its former enemies including France and the US.
1-The question of rising water levels due to the effects of global warning.
Germany as one of the most industrial nations in the world as well as the richest countries has a very important opinion in rising water levels issue in the global. It has always warned that there are a lot of poor countries in the world that can not make the benefit of shifting the water resources into fresh water and to be suitable for drinking, agriculture, and other needs that the human being may need. Germany has always warned that there should be enough finance to help the poor countries who are next or far to the water resources enabling them to make water refineries, water channels, wells, etc.
2-The question of controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it.
Germany, just like other nations has been terrified from the new virus which had attacked some of the Far East countries and has –since the beginning of the disease- released most of its existing supports to find a cure for the disease. Germany sees that the SARS virus is a very dangerous disease and should use all possible efforts to control this disease not only to reach Germany but also avoiding the spread of it.
Thus; Germany at its own and along with all other nations are seriously studying the source of the virus, the effects, and the right cure to be donated to the nations who have been affected by this disease. Since Germany is known as one of the most important countries in the world specializing in manufacturing medical cures for a lot of disease in the world.
3-The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.
Germany was always anxious in times of wars of having water and other food supplies not reached to the people under war circumstances. Since the end of Hitler times when Germans had really suffered from having shortages in clean water and food on those times past during the world wars and due to what Germany had experienced of the severe suffering of living without these very important resources of life. It is now trying and implementing all efforts to protect other nations that are under war circumstances not to suffer as much as it can from what German people had suffered.
4-The question of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East.
Since the Middle East is considered one of the most unsettled area in the world in the political point of view and since there was a history of using the nuclear weapons against the innocent civilians in some of the areas in the Middle East, Germany has always called through all its world wide representatives to eliminate the use of the nuclear resources for peaceful means in parts of the world more peaceful than the Middle East and calling for creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East. Note that Germany, like Japan, was discouraged from building nukes in return for American nuclear protection.
5-The question of guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba.
Germany always called for democracy through all international occasions. Since Cuba is one of the countries of the no democracy of which meaning human’s right is not respected. Germany hence; would like to see a wide range of respect and the right to ask for all needs by people in Cuba. Germany will off course support all efforts to shift and implement the right for the people in Cuba to ask for all there rights.
Question: Human Rights During Times of War
Country: The Federal Republic of Germany
Defining Human Rights: The basic rights and freedoms, to which all humans are entitled, often held to include the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression, and equality before the law,
Bringing to your attention: That there are a lot of people in jails only because they have stood for their rights,
Bearing in mind: That the country has enough economical resources which can full fill people’s needs,
Expecting: That things if continue as is will then lead to more poverty and more sacrifices in order to get their rights,
Recalling: A lot of revolutions were formed in 1991, when people in Basra revolved against their regime and led to more killing and tortures,
Deeply disturbed: As these revolutions are formed, a lot of nations are doing nothing,
1. Expressing its appreciation: and Strong relief when for example the coalition tackled the Iraqi regime of which the Iraqis had their freedom and their full human rights;
2. Reporting that though there are one people released from doctor ship in a lot of countries, there are still a lot of people lines under doctor ship regimes;
3. Appalled that one man show countries with the solutions that will warn of negative consequences if things continue as they are.
Honorable chairman and delegates, ladies and gentlemen: Good day and greetings from Germany. Greetings from the land whose many cultures and history combine to form a rich blend you can almost taste in the cool air. In the morning, have a walk in the park where the color of green grass blends with the roses, violets, and jasmines. Smell the bakery and taste the bread. Clean your lungs with the fresh air. In the afternoon, take your family and enjoy the fascinating rides at Europa Park. And at night, have a big glass of bear.
We Germans are happy, but there are people dying from diseases. AIDS is one of the diseases that are spread all around Germany. 39,000 people are living with AIDS and 780 have died. Germany should try to stop the spread of that awful disease even though no cure is found nor available.
Guten Aben (good evening)