Country: Federal Republic of Germany

Event: Pearl-MUN 2003

Student: Hamad Al Essa [SC]

 

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The German National Anthem

Germany [Deutschland]

Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit,
fuer das deutsche Vaterland!
Danach lasst uns alle streben,
bruederlich mit Herz und Hand!
Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit,
sind des Glueckes Unterpfand.
Blueh im Glanze dieses Gluekkes,
bluehe deutsches Vaterland!


English:
Unity and right and freedom for the German fatherland;
Let us all pursue this purpose brotherly, with heart and hand.
Unity and right and freedom are the pledge of happiness.
Flourish in this blessing's glory, flourish, German fatherland.



The Federal Republic of Germany


 

 

Country Profile

 

Government/Political Structure:

The government of the Germany is a federal republic, like the U.S.A., in which there is a strong democratic tradition. The government is split into three main branches: The executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch. The division of powers in the government differs greatly from that of the U.S.A. Legislative powers are focused on the federal government while administrative and judicial powers are focused on the state governments. In the executive branch, a president is elected to a five-year term and is largely ceremonial with no administrative powers. The Chancellor, or the prime minister, is a parliamentary head of government with most authority. The Chancellor has the right to outline government policy and select and dismiss ministers. Gerhard Shröder has served as Chancellor since 1998.

Up to the unification of Germany in 1990, Eastern Germany had Soviet communist rule and Western Germany was a federal republic. The collapse of the Soviet Union brought about the unification of Germany, and all the occupying powers of Germany relinquished powers in 1991.

Because of the extremely tight and organized German government, revolt and uprising are virtually impossible.

There are several major parties in German politics. The current ruling party is the SPD, the Social Democratic Party, headed by Shröder. In recent years, the SPD has championed environmentally oriented economic reforms, environmental concerns in general, women’s rights, and the rights of asylum-seekers. The current government is a coalition government between the SPD and the Green Party. The CDU, the Christian Democratic Union, is the major opposition. It ruled Germany from 1982 to 1998. Its coalition government brought about German unification in 1990. The Party of Democratic Socialism is the successor of East Germany’s communist government.

"The constructive vote of no confidence" takes place in the German Parliament, the Bundestag. The Chancellor is elected by the Bundestag, and can be removed by a "no confidence" motion. Votes must be in favor to this motion in addition to the selection of a credible successor. The only time a no confidence vote was successful was in 1982 when it removed Helmut Shmidt from power and put in Helmut Kohl.

 

Natural Resources:

Germany is rich in many natural resources, including iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, uranium, copper, natural gas, salt, nickel and arable land. As a result, it is one of the world’s leading industrial powers. It does not have petroleum, however, and must import it from abroad. It does, however, largely use local coal as a source of energy. The availability of wood, petroleum, natural gas, brown coal (also known as lignite), and hydroelectric power further smoothed the path of German industrial progress. 33.8% of Germany is arable land and as a result it can feed and sustain itself.

 

Cultural Factors:

Germany is a country with very little diversity among its people. Most of the German population is white. Foreign residents only make up 8% of the German population, the largest group being Turkish. The dominant religions in Germany are Protestant and Roman Catholic and make up 60% of the population. The only major language spoken in Germany is German. 99% of the population is literate, which is excellent. In short, what can be said about German cultural factors is that there are none, because they are all of the same race and origin.

Relations with Turkey, although tense at times, are strong. German policy towards asylum seekers has not changed since the last government. Germany does not accept Geneva Convention Standards with respect to asylum seekers, and asylum seekers still cannot be employed.

The relation between Germany and the Turks is extremely frictional. The large number of Turks in Germany is a source of extremely cheap labor, thereby lowering the minimum wage for Germans and expatriates alike. For this reason, they are hated in Germany by lower class Germans.

 

Defense:

Germany has a military manpower of 20,000,000 males. The army is divided into the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the Medical Corps and the Joint Support Service. Germany is a member of NATO. After German unification, Germany was given the option of going neutral or adhering to the Trans-Atlantic Alliance. Germany Chose NATO. Germany does not posses a large arsenal of Nuclear Weapons. After the Second World War, what can be said about Germany’s defense is that it is somewhat limited.

Put together with France’s manpower of 14 million, this makes a somewhat strong coalition, and it is great compared to the Russian manpower of 38 million. Because of Russia’s precarious economy, victory can be easily attained. Germany has an arsenal of conventional weapons only.

In actual troops, Germany is no threat to anyone. The Russian army is a massive, poorly trained, drafted army. The German is professional, well-paid, and tiny.

 

Geography:

Germany is located in Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, and between the Netherlands and Poland and the south of Denmark. The countries that border Germany are Austria, Belgium, The Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland and Switzerland. It has an area of 357,021 square km. Germany does make sense a single country since no natural barriers exist to separate it. It has a temperate and marine climate. Germany’s coastline is very short and lacks natural frontiers. This is a problem when building harbors and ports and can limit international trade.

The Green Party of Germany strives for peace and environmental protection. It is an outspoken opponent to War in Iraq. It is part of the current Red-Green coalition government set forth by Shröder.

 

Economy:

Germany has Europe’s largest and most powerful economy, with a GDP per capita of $26,600. Germany enjoys a high standard of living. Germany is not in debt.

The currency of Germany is the Euro, which is a joint currency with all other EU members. Since the beginning of its use, the Euro has proven to be one the world’s most stable currencies. The German economy is heavily industrialized, and agricultural gains are very minimal. Mercedes and BMW, two of the leading names in automobiles, are German companies and highlight Germany’s industrial power. Germany’s main export partners are France, US, UK, Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Spain and Switzerland. Its main import partners are France, Netherlands, US, UK, Italy, Belgium, Japan and Austria.

The service industry in Germany is also equally powerful. Insurance giant Allianz is a German company. Internet businesses are also mature in Germany.

Unemployment, however, is high in Germany, however Shröder has resolved to solve this, and it has improved slightly. Yet even with that in mind, it is Europe’s economic power. Modernizing East Germany by the West is the highlight of relationships between the East and West. It is a costly and lengthy process.

 

Views on World Problems:

When it comes to world problems, Germany is not very outspoken, except on the recent Iraqi dispute. Germany is a member of 72 international organizations, which include the UN, NATO and Interpol. Germany maintains good relations with the U.S.A., however these relations have come under strain in light of the war on Iraq.

Before modern times Germany was a cause of world problems, mainly two major, devastating world wars. But in modern times Germany’s image is much better and more peaceful.

In terms of bilateral relations, France and Germany are very strong allies and are both outspoken opponents of war in Iraq. They are each other’s major and main trade partners and have a good and powerful relationship despite history.

Relations with Russia are tense and not at all good, with respect to the fact that Russia occupied East Germany and turned it into a communist state and milked its industry for Russian interests.

Despite dark history and the Holocaust, German-Israeli relations are excellent. The two countries have strong political and economic ties, exchange students and scientists, and have an overall perfect relationship. This leads to an unpopular image in the Arab world.

 

History:

The country known today as Germany came into existence in 1990, after the unification of East and West Germany. From the beginning of modern history to the unification, Germany was engulfed in two major world wars.

The outbreak of World War One first arose in Germany, by means of patriotism and romantic adventure. All German military official avoided all means of peaceful negotiations and were hungry for war. The Germans hoped to conquer Paris through Hungary but could not. The Soviets then attacked from the West. Germany was then blockaded. After 4 years of fierce fighting, Germany accepted the Versailles Treaty, which cost the country a huge sum of money and land.

Accepting this treaty led to bitterness towards the new German government. This bitterness was what spawned the Nazis. Several years after the treaty, Hitler was appointed Chancellor. He preserved all dictatorial powers to him self and turned Germany towards fascism. All other Political Parties were outlawed. Hitler quickly revived the German military, making it extremely powerful.

Germany dropped out of the League of Nations. It formed an alliance with Italy and Japan, known as the Axis powers. It then invaded Czechoslovakia, and split Poland with the USSR. It then occupied most of Europe, including France. It also broke its agreement with the USSR and waged war on it. The USA declared war after the bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. By then, the tides began to turn. The Germans were driven out of most of Europe and the USSR. In the face of certain defeat, Hitler committed suicide. Germany surrendered unconditionally after a month.

Post war Germany was divided into 4 zones, each controlled by one of the allied countries. Three of them later merged into West Germany. East Germany was still under communist rule. After the collapse of the USSR in 1990, Germany reunited. It has since achieved the status of the powerful nation it once was, and has established good relations with its former enemies including France and the USA.

 

 

Policy Statements

 

1. The question of rebuilding Iraq:

Before the outcome of this war, Germany was strongly opposed to it. Now that it has been cleaned. Rebuilding Iraq is a project that presents many business opportunities to the German, European and International economies. It has so far proven to be one of the most controversial and heated topics on the agenda of the United Nations. To say that only the liberators are to take part in rebuilding Iraq and make use of the opportunities presented in the aftermath of the war is unacceptable and intolerable.

Germany firmly believes that the United Nations is to have a central, umbrella role in rebuilding post-war Iraq and in all aspects, ranging from installing a credible transitional government to managing and directing the rebuilding of infrastructure.

 

2. The question of reducing tensions on the Korean Peninsula:

The situation on the Korean Peninsula is extremely dire and urgent, and if not resolved will have extreme negative effects on our international community. As a nation with a barbaric past, North Korea does not have the right to posses nuclear weapons. The consequences of such possession would prove devastating to South-East Asia and ultimately, the world.

However, and this should sound familiar by now, all diplomatic means of disarmament must be exhausted before taking on the option of using force. Disarmament is to be achieved through inspections and diplomacy, not through the use of force. We must deplete all our diplomatic and political resources before considering using military force.

 

3. The question of guaranteeing peace and security in Cote D'Ivoire:

The current state of affairs in Cote D'Ivoire is urgent and in need of international intervention. Germany would like to take this opportunity to formally thank France for sacrificing its own troops in an effort to maintain peace and security in Cote D'Ivoire. The international community must act promptly and decisively to resolve this dire issue.

Germany stands firmly behind any proposition that would send official, UN-backed troops to the region, to aid in maintaining peace and security in Cote D'Ivoire.

 

4. The question of reforming the Security Council:

It is unfortunate that the current code of conduct and state of affairs within the Security Council dates back to the post World-War II era. Times have drastically changed since then. The attitudes of many nations have also changed. The Security Council is in great need of reform in light of the many changes of this new age.

Germany believes that admitting new permanent members to the Security Council table is an excellent and positive first step in bringing about these reforms.

 

5. The question of the role of the media in portraying conflicts:

In this age of information and technology, the media has proven to be an effective tool. It is extremely necessary in the daily live of all citizens everywhere. It has the power to alter the way people think and their mentality; the power to change the people’s voice.

With that in mind, all media networks must strictly abide with all regulations brought forth by international conventions and treaties, and most notably in this time of war the Geneva Convention. Germany firmly believes that serious penalties and consequences must be put forth to all networks that violate international media regulations.

 

 

 

Security Council Clauses:

 

1. The question of rebuilding Iraq:

1. Resolves the U.N. is to have a central/umbrella role in rebuilding post-war Iraq;

2. Resolves that firms and companies from any nation have the right to invest in Iraq and hold contracts with the interim government;

3. Resolves that all sanctions on Iraq are to be immediately lifted;

4. Resolves that no war debts are to be repudiated and all contracts made by the previous government are to be honored by the current government;

5. Decides that the term "occupying power" and any credible synonym is not to be used anywhere throughout this resolution;

 

2. The question of reducing tensions on the Korean Peninsula:


1. Resolves that a formal request to The People’s Democratic Republic of Korea will be sent requesting the nation to:
A. Abandon all its nuclear programs,
B. Accept inspectors from UNMOVIC and the IEMA to verify that it is not in possession of nuclear arms,
C. Assure that autonomy with respect to the use of force is currently non-existent under this resolution;

2. Resolves that if North Korea abides to all relevant resolutions dealing with nuclear arms for a period of 3 years and accepts UNMOVIC and IEMA inspections, sanctions will be eased, and if it does not then the option of force will most certainly be taken;

 

3. The question of guaranteeing peace and security in Cote D'Ivoire:

1. Resolves that an army of 3,000 made up of any nations willing to cooperate will be sent to Cote D'Ivoire under the flag of the UN. to assist in guaranteeing peace and security for the length of time of which they are needed;

 

4. The question of reforming the Security Council:

1. Resolves that two new permanent member nations, one economic power from Europe and one economic power from Asia, are to be added to the Security Council and will hold all the rights and privileges of current permanent members;

2. Resolves that the European union will always be guaranteed a minimum of 4 seats among rotating SC members;

 

5. The question of the role of the media in portraying conflicts:

1. Resolves that any media network in violation of the ethics of the Geneva Convention will be immediately shut down and the country to which it belongs will be fined a total of $ 6.5 million;

 

 

Opening Speech

 

Damen und Herren, honorable Präsidentinnen und honorable delegiert, die Bundesrepublik Deutschland würdet mögen zu Willkommen Sie alle zu noch heute Sitzung des Wertpapier Rat. (Ladies and Gentleman, honorable presidents and honorable delegates, the Federal Republic of Germany would like to welcome you all to today’s session of the Security Council.)

It is greatly unfortunate but true that the United Nations has recently been overlooked by many member nations as an unnecessary obstacle and an annoyance to the implementation of their unilateral and unproved agenda of so-called "enforcement of international peace and justice." Following its predecessor, the League of Nations, would prove catastrophic to our fragile international community. This problem can be solved simply and only with concise reforms.

Yet reforms, however important they may be, are not the most important issue at our table this evening. We must focus on restoring peace and integrity to a great nation, scarred by the evil and injustice of a dictator for many decades. We must focus on rebuilding Iraq. Germany stands firmly behind the lifting of sanctions, only to aid the suffering the people of Iraq have endured for a long period of time. The world is undoubtedly a better place without Saddam Hussein. This, however, does not mean that Germany, or the rest of the international community, now approve of what unilateral actions have been taken in the past.

"Old Europe" has not and never will forget the consequences of war …