Student: Besma Behbehani
Kuwait is basically a democratic country. It is ruled by the prince ( "Amir", Al Shaikh Jaber Al Ahmad Al Sabah) and the National Assembly or Majlis Al Umma. The power went all in the hands of the AL Sabah family because they were the first settlers in Kuwait and they were elected by the people. The Amir represents the government and the National Assembly represents the people of Kuwait. Overall, the Amir has all the power. Head of Government is Prime Minister and Crown Prince Sa’ad Al Abdulla Al Sabah. Then in the position of First Deputy Prime Minister is Sabah Al Ahmad Al Sabah. Deputy Prime Minister is Jabir Mubarak Al Sabah and Mohamad Khalid Al Sabah. The Councils of Ministers are elected by the Amir. The National Assembly consists of 50 seats, and the members are elected by votes from the people. These elections are made every 4 years. The government is made up of several Ministries. Head of the government is Everything in Kuwait follows the constitution (Distoor) which is made of 183 articles divided into 5 chapters.
1- The State and the System of Government. 2- The basic components of Kuwait Society. 3- General rights and duties. 4- Authorities. 5- General and provisional statutes.
The Constitution also divides the State of Kuwait into 5 governorates, (Muhafazat), Al Ahmadi, Al Farwaniya, Al Asimah, Al Jahra, And Hawalli.
Kuwait’s natural resources are petroleum, fish, shrimp, and natural gas. Kuwait exports oil and refined products, fertilizers. It’s exports partners are Japan, US, South Korea, Singapore, Netherlands, Pakistan, and Indonesia. It imports food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, and clothing. Imports partners are US, Japan, UK, Germany, China, France, Australia, and Netherlands. Kuwait cannot feed itself, although it does produce tomatoes, strawberries, and much vegetables. It also has seasons full of fish production, but it cannot feed itself. Kuwait makes petro chemical products, plastics and oil buy products, such as, car and airplane fuel.
Due to Kuwait being in the Middle East makes it an Arabic Muslim country. However, there are people here of different religions and ethnic groups such as Christians and others. It also contains political groups such as, Bedouins, Merchants, Sunna and Shi’a activists, and secular leftists and nationalists.
These political groups all do get along, and Kuwait is known for that, that everyone here has his rights and practices his own religions and beliefs. Such as, Shia practice their beliefs in Muharam and Ashoora, and everyone in Kuwait even Sunni respect that. Where, for example, in Bahrain or Saudi Arabia, rules are very strict on Shia, they’re no allowed to enter universities, have jobs, or get educated. They’re always isolated and never treated well.
Bedouins in Kuwait also have their rights and Kuwaitis don’t interfere with them. they also have very high positions in the community. Kuwaitis’ relation to foreigners is divided, where most of Kuwait's’ population is foreigners, and everyone has his rights too in practicing their religion. Such as, drivers and maids can have their holidays on Sunday to go to the church. The fact that Kuwait is an Arabic country in the Middle East makes most of its population follow the religion of Islam. Due to Kuwait being an Islamic country, alcohol, drugs, and pork are illegal because it is forbidden in Islam.
Kuwait’s military branches are the Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police Force, National Guard, and Coast Guard. Men only are allowed entering the military, and aged from 18 years old. A boy from each family has to enter, and if there wasn’t except one boy or none, he’s not forced to enter. There is a maximum of 50,000 actual bodies in the army. Kuwait’s defense treaties are with all permanent members of the Security Counsel. In 1961 Kuwait got it’s independence from the UK. Kuwait wanted the help of the UK because it wasn’t strong enough, but then grew stronger due to technology. Unfortunately, in 1990, Kuwait was invaded by it’s neighboring country Iraq. So Kuwait requested help from the US, UK, France, and Arabic countries. Relationships grew wider with these countries due to their help. Kuwait’s main defense is the US, so anyone wants to attack deals with it.
Kuwait shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia. To the southeast lies the Persian Gulf, where Kuwait has control over nine small islands but only one of them is inhabited (Failaka). Kuwait is close to the equator, it lies on 29 N, 45 E, thus it is generally very hot. It is a flat desert and enjoys a dry climate with great differences in temperature. Summer months (May-October) have very high temperatures, but humidity is less than other Gulf states. Sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April, they bring heavy rain which can damage roads and houses. Annual rainfall is from 1 to 7 in, falling mostly in winter months. Sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August.
Views on World Problems:
Kuwait’s Amir, Al Shaikh Jaber Al Ahmed Al Sabah established the GCC. The GCC has a big role on making the Gulf countries closer and more as one hand to face forcing problems. It made the Dera’ Al Jazeera, and unified the gulf books and education. Kuwait’s relations with Saudi Arabia is very good, it is as if they’re one country. They share business, religion, and families. As with Iran, Kuwait lost its relation with it in the Iraqi Irani war, when Iran had a lot of strict beliefs in religion and was deeply concerned in changing minds about it. Thus, Kuwait stood with Iraq to face Iran on this situation, because it wasn’t happy with Iran’s government and attitude. But, when Iraq stood with Kuwait in the Iraq’s invasion, Kuwait noticed how they were wrong about Iran, and relations grew better and deeper.
After the crisis with Iraq after its invasion to Kuwait, relations with all gulf countries and Iraq were destroyed. Kuwait knew that Iraq as a country and people, was a delight to the gulf, but Saddam Hussein’s regime made all that a fiasco. Hence, Kuwait insisted on freeing Iraq from his regime and changing Iraq’s government to a democratic government.
Other friends and allies of Kuwait are a lot, for example, the USA, UK, France, and most of the middle east countries. Kuwait shares a good relationship with countries around the world, and shares with them business and trading. Its relations with the USA and UK is excellent and lovable, where as, Kuwait’s main defense is the USA and UK, and it shares with them trading such as oil, and very important business.
Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with proved crude oil reserves of 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 90% of export revenues, and 75% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. With the exception of fish. Kuwait’s depends mainly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Purchasing power parity is $30.9 billion, and it’s growth is 4%. Purchasing power parity per capita is $15,100. Kuwait’s exports are $16.2 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.) with Japan 23%, US 14%, South Korea 13%, Singapore 7%, Netherlands 6%, Pakistan 6%, Indonesia 4%, and UK 2% (2000). Imports, $7.4 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.) with US 12%, Japan 8%, UK 8%, Germany 7%, China 5%, France 4%, Australia 3%, and Netherlands 2% (2000). Debt external $6.9 billion (2000 est.). Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.3075 (January 2002), 0.3066, (2001), 0.3067 (2000), 0.3044 (1999), 0.3047 (1998), 0.3033 (1997).
Kuwait imports more than it exports, and it’s economy is getting better. After the war between Kuwait and Iraq, Kuwait’s economy decayed a lot, but Kuwait managed to rise it and rebuild Kuwait to a better stage. However, also after the war to free Iraq, Kuwait’s economy got much better.
Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti Al Sabah family from 1899 until independence in 1961.
Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of this terrible attack, US troops entered in 23 February 1991 and Kuwait got completely liberated in 4 days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil damages. When Iraq invaded Kuwait, one of the countries that was against Kuwait, was Palestine. Although Palestine was against Kuwait, Kuwait stood with it against Israel on attacking it. On the tragedy of the September 11th, it appeared to be that Arabs was behind all that. The Qaeda was spread everywhere, also in Kuwait. So, Kuwait faced problems on this case. Where, troops of the Qaeda tried to destroy Kuwait’s relation with the US, but unfortunately Kuwait tried its best to stop that. It also gave the US all its condolences for what happened on September 11th, and other problems that occurred after.
Kuwait helped in the war against Iraq to free it from Saddam Hussein’s regime. From example, Kuwait helped by allowing American troops using its military bases, and by letting them launch their attacks from Kuwait to Iraq to get rid of the Iraqi regime. Kuwait also helped the US by letting it use its waters so they can launch their missiles from. In conclusion, Kuwait is a very helpful and supportive country that never forgets other countries’ support to it.
Issue 1: The question of rising water levels due to the effects of global warming.
Kuwait is bordered by the sea, so it would be greatly affected by water rising. It wants to protect it’s water, because the water will one day be decreasing and wars will be on it. So, Kuwait is doing it’s most best to protect it. Kuwait urges the UN to spread organizations around the world that would open people’s mind on pollution and the effect of it on global warming. That it would make sure that people all around the world know the effects of it on rising water levels. Hence, the UN can courage all countries on establishing organizations to decrease pollution.
Issue 2: The question of controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it.
Kuwait wants the safety of it’s people. It wants to protect itself from any foreign viruses by keeping people from virus infected countries from entering. Kuwait organized a committee that is made of representatives from various ministries such as, the ministry of health, the ministry of foreign relations, and the ministry of defense. This committee is prepared to deal with any developments regarding this issue.
Moreover, Kuwait urges the UN to establish an organization that would make all countries and people aware of SARS, and how to deal with it and protect themselves.
Issue 3: The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.
In times of war, Kuwait has shown tremendous generosity and sympathy towards countries under attack. In fact, it even supported countries that have acted against it in previous times; like Iraq and Palestine. Kuwait helped several other countries where disasters took place as well. These include Kosovo and Afghanistan during times of war, Turkey and Egypt after earthquakes. Kuwait provided water, food, and basic human needs such as blankets and tents. In extreme cases where there is severe shortage in basic life needs, Kuwait took even bigger steps to exemplify its humanity efforts. Not long ago, in effort to help the Iraqi people after the fall of its regime, Kuwaiti officials arranged to pump fresh water from Kuwait all the way to Iraq. Programs that would favor the UN, are loans and donations from other countries to encourage the support for countries in times of war and famine.
Issue 4: The question of creating a nuclear zone in the Middle East.
Kuwait does not support the existence of nuclear zones in the area, especially in neighboring countries like Iraq. Furthermore, it played a major role in eliminating these nuclear zones. For instance, in the war against the Iraqi regime Kuwait was a major military base for coalition forces. Kuwait provided huge support in hope of disarming the Iraqi regime of such weapons. Kuwait would support a nuclear free zone in the Middle East. Kuwait does no have any nukes, and Americans in Kuwait don’t have nukes.
Issue 5: The question of guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba.
Kuwait has a friendly attitude towards this issue. Kuwait believes in improving relations with the Cuban government. This can be achieved by facilitating trade and business between the two countries, and allowing financial support. This way Kuwait will help the Cuban government understand that giving its people their human rights will always benefit the government in return. It will give satisfaction to the people of Cuba. As a result, the Cuban government wouldn’t have to fear a revolution. Kuwait would favor dropping the embargo.
Forum: General Assembly
Issue: The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine
Defining securing as to that can be counted on, secure, certain
Bringing to your attention that Kuwait helps a large number of countries in need in times of crisis,
Bearing in mind that some of those countries in famine stand against Kuwait in various problems/attacks, such as Iraq,
Expecting that all countries come down to an agreement and peace,
Deeply disturbed that many countries are suffering from food shortage,
Expressing its appreciation to the United Nations for their help during the occupation of Kuwait and its suffering from famine,
Reporting that Kuwait secures food and water resources for Iraq and Palestine even though they stand against it,
Congratulating Qatar and Saudi Arabia for helping Iraq in its famine in the recent war with it,
Congratulating the Red Crescent for all its hard work to get Iraq water and food supplies,
Appalled that some countries decreased interest in human aid during the Iraq War,
Applauding countries that secured food and water resources to countries in times of war such as Iraqis,
Emphasizing the fact that many countries relationships got closer after past conflicts, such as Kuwait with Iran and the new Iraq,
Expressing its hope that all countries try to help in any way to secure food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine,
Mediating an agreement to pump water from Kuwaiti land to the Iraqis in need,
1. Requests holding meetings that will encourage all countries to participate and exchange thoughts and give their opinions and practice freedom of speech: A. Meeting with all countries in the organization once every 3 months, B. The meetings would be held each time in a different involved country;
2. Affirms that all countries should race to help countries in crisis building areas for storage and drilling pipe lines to pump water from for nations needing water;
3. Encourages the United Nations and all nations around the world to facilitate the work of humanitarian aid;
4. States that the United Nations should grant countries in famine additional fund.
5. Expresses its belief that all countries will cooperate in securing nations in times of war and famine with food and water resources and towards this end encourages: A. A treaty for all countries to ensures their cooperation. B. Organizations all around the countries to have collect donations and encourage people on helping.
6. Ensures that the UNICEF, FAO, and WHO will maintain on helping and finding easier way for their hard efforts to be supported by A. Building shells for storing food and water products B. Having organizations such as military, 1) secure food and water products 2) make sure that the food and water products arrive to all people 3) make sure that the food is healthy, delicious and appropriate.
Today, I speak to you representing one of the smallest spots on the world’s map, honorable chair and delegates, "esalam alaikm". Yet, one that has gained wide popularity for a little over the past decade. In fact, very recently it has grasped the attention of both supporters and protesters in light of the new war that broke out in the Middle East. I represent the State of Kuwait. The land of golden deserts and blue seas, the land of modern advancement and long standing traditions.
I’ll let you in on colors that carry the pride of all Kuwaitis. Green for our lands, Red for our fierce fighting for them, White for our hearts and intents, and Black for those who dare to mess with us. The colors of our flag.
Our white hearts and good intentions call upon us to extend our arms to our Iraqi brothers. First, on behalf of my country, I would like to congratulate them on their independence. Secondly, I would like to express our high hopes for a bright future led by an Iraqi democratic government.