Malaysia

Malaysia

Student: Abdullah Al Ibraheem

Event: Pearl-MUN 2003




 

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The Malaysian National Anthem


Malaysia:

Negara Ku (My Country)

Original Bahasa Malaysia Words
Negara ku, tanah tumpahnya darah ku
Rakyat hidup bersatu dan maju
Rahmat bahagia, Tuhan kurniakan
Raja kita selamat bertakhta M
(repeat previous two lines)


English Translation

My country, my native land

The people living united and progressive
May God bestow blessing and happiness
May our Ruler have a successful reign
(repeat previous two lines)

Malaysia






Country Profile



Political Structure:

Malaysia's full name is The Federation of Malaysia. Malaysia is constitutional monarchy ruled by a king. Kings are elected for 5-year time from the nine sultans of the peninsular Malaysian states. That means that there is a limit for democracy since the people are limited to elect one of nine sultans only. The king also is the leader of the Islamic faith in Malaysia. Malaysia is on of few Islamic countries that the king is the leader of the Islamic faith of the country. The government was built based on the 1957 constitution of the Federation of Malay, which was in 1957 to 1963 an independent nation, which occupied today the west of Malaysia. At first, the Malay was formed on 31st August, 1957. Then, the Federation of Malaysia was formed later on 9th July, 1963. The Federation was first formed with the Malay, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore. On 9th August, 1965, Singapore left the federation.

The country is now stable. Currently, The Federation of Malaysia is nominally leaded by the paramount (top) ruler (Yang di-Pertuan Agong), which is referred as the king) coupled by the 2 legislatures parliament containing the non-elected upper house and the elected lower house. The head of the Malaysian federation is currently in Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. Most of the power is for the cabinet that is led by the prime minister, as the constitutions show that the prime minister must be a member of the elected lower house.

 

Geography

At first, we could tell that Malaysia's location is in the Southeastern Asia. Malaysia is a peninsular with lots of little islands around the peninsular and a land in a nearby large island. The federation of Malaysia is divided into two parts. The fist part that contains the capital in the north, and the second part is separated by the sea that is connected with Indonesians islands. The Malaysian border from the north is Thailand, and on the northern west is the sea boarder with South Vietnam. In the south it has boarders with Indonesia. The geographic coordinates of Malaysia is 2 30 N, 112 30 E. Malaysia's total area is in total329,750 sq km, M. Malaysia has a rarely changing climate, a tropical climate with annual southwest from April to October, and northeast from October to February.

 

Natural Resources

Malaysia seems to be a country full of natural resources. Malaysia has tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, and bauxite. Also, Malaysia is a country that has some agricultural products like palm oil, rubber, cocoa, rice, coconuts, fruit, pepper; tobacco, pineapple, fish. Most of these products are grown by the rain fall almost round the year. Other than that, Malaysia export commodities like electronic equipment, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, chemicals, palm oil, wood and wood products, rubber, textiles, canned fruit, cocoa and cocoa products. Malaysia also suffers from some environmental problems. Air pollution formed by the industrialization is one of the dangers that faces Malaysia. Also smoke carried with the winded formed from Indonesian forest fires also affects the vision and peoples health. Water pollution form raw sewage also effect fresh water.

 

Cultural Factors

Malaysia is a country full of different kinds of ethnicities, religions, origins and other cultural history. At first, Malaysia has a population of 22,662,365 people (2002est). 34.1% of the population is form the ages of 0-14 years, 61.6%from the ages 15-64 years and only 4.3% of the population is 65 years and over. About 62% of the population are between 15-64 which means that the have a strong working force which is reflected on the factories later one on the economy section.

Those people belong to different ethnics groups 58% of them are Malay and other indigenous. 24% of the population is Chinese which is a great number living in an Islamic country, and 8% are Indians. The people living in Malaysia have 6 different religions, at first Muslim, then Buddhist, Daoist, Hindu, Christian, and Sikh.

In eastern Malaysia the population is 75% rural, and indigenous tribes form a much larger part - 15% in Sabah, and 40% in Sarawak. Some still practice shifting, slash-and-burn cultivation in the forest areas, but state authorities are keen to reduce this, and to exploit the agricultural potential through large scale land development for commercial farming. This has involved consolidating fragmented farm holdings, particularly in 'Native Customary Lands', to form mini-estates.

 

Defense

Malaysia has a pretty good defense system, with many different types of military for civil and country. They have lot of military branches and they are Malaysian Army, Royal Malaysian Navy, Royal Malaysian Air Force, Royal Malaysian Police Field Force, Marine Police, Sarawak Border Scouts. The total amount of men working for the military is 5,933,296 that are available. (2002 est.) The military expenditures are $1.69 billion which is 2.03% of the GDP. In the early 1990s, Malaysia undertook a major program to expand and modernize its armed forces. This included procurement of F/A-18 and C-130 aircraft from the U.S. However, effected by the 1997 financial crisis the military procurement is slowed down.

 

Economy

Malaysia is has a pretty good relations with other countries. Malaysia trades products and some natural resources with other countries. Malaysia imports 20% from Japan, 17% form the US, 13% from Singapore, 5% Taiwan, 4% from Chine, 4% from Germany, 4% from Thailand. Malaysia exports 20% of its products and natural resources to US, 17% to Singapore, 14% to Japan, 4.5% to Hong Kong, 4.5% to the Netherlands, 4% to China, 4% to Thailand. Malaysia's export is $94.4 billion which is good for this size country, and its import is $76.9 billion. That means that Malaysia a good productive, independent country because the export is more than the import. Malaysia's GDP is $200 billion. In which the GDP growth rate is 0.3%. 12% of the GDP comes from the agriculture, 40% comes from the industry, and 48% left comes from services. We conclude that Malaysia depends on services to increase the GPD, and it increases the GPD the most.

 

Views on World Problems

During this year, Malaysia is not with the strike on Iraq, although Malaysia is on a good relations with the US in which they trade resources. Malaysia had a strict point with the war on Iraq; Malaysia is considered a Muslim country that can't help to strike a Muslim country. Malaysia believes that this strike will have an affect on the other side like economy and losing natural resources that will touch the future. Malaysia completely co-operated with The US after the terrorists attack on The World Trade Center. During the past period of time, Malaysia arrested 2 suspects that maybe the planers of the attack on the US or maybe related to the terrorist web.

 

History

Malaysia has a rich history. Humans lived in the area of Malaysia from as long as 40,000 years ago. The early history of Malaysia is obscure because there is almost no archaeological remains, especially any with inscriptions. Traders also spread Hindu influences from India, which affected peopleís customs, culture and the rituals of local rulers. Parameswara, a Sumatran prince, founded the kingdom of Malacca at about 1400AD on the site of Melaka now. He was converted to Islam, which traders from India had already brought to the area, and Malacca became a center for the further spread of the Muslim faith. Thatís how Malaysia became an Islamic country. On 1511 Malaysia was conquered by the Portuguese. Then the Dutch took over Malacca.

During the 18th century, Britain got involved in the area. The British ruled the area then it was independent.

 

 

Policy Statements

 

 

1-The question of rising water levels due to the effects of global warming.

These days, the world is facing a very serious problem, the problem global warming. The global warming is a problem that threatens the world. Present Earth appears to be facing a rapid warming, which is believed to be from human activities, using the fossil fuels. Burning up those fuels cause the release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. As the atmosphere becomes richer in these gases, it becomes a better insulator, retaining more of the heat given to the planet by the Sun. As increasing in the average temperature of the atmosphere, oceans, and landmasses of Earth, ice in the North Pole melts. This melting will rise the water level in seas. That is the most dangerous affect of the global warming. In which this rising in water level will threaten the islands which they may drown.

Malaysia may be one of the countries that are threatened by the global warming problem. Malaysia is a peninsular with small little islands. Malaysia has a coastline of 4,675 km. Malaysia's shores, cities, and islands may drown because of the serious problem. Malaysia has a great concern about itself. Thatís why Malaysia is doing its best to solve this problem. Malaysia suggested making rules to limit the pollution. In which it has limited the industries, to reduce the amount of smoke rising. Malaysia is still working on the rules. Malaysia has been searching for resolutions for this problem, in which Malaysia courage scientists to work on efficient products that releases less amount of carbon dioxide, or products that use electricity or other source of energy instead of fossil fuel.

 

2-The question of controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it.

S.A.R.S is a new disease that has been spreading out to the world as fast as fire. SARS is the abbreviation of "Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome." SARS is a virus that grows in the respiratory system causing severe damage to the lungs. Lacking proper breathing and cause body harm. This disease is mainly spreading in South East Asia, and North America, threatening the world. In which people are wearing protection masks to avoid the virus that quickly spreads. The virus may spread by air, touch.

Malaysia is taking this disease very seriously; especially that Malaysia is located in South East Asia, the area where the disease is mainly spreading. Malaysia is looking forward to solve this tragedy when it is threatened to be the next victim of this killing disease. Malaysia suggests to work as a group with South East Asia countries and threatened to be a wall for this disease and stop it. This group work will be divided to many different sides. Cure side, defense side, and other sides that may be the resolution for this mystery. Malaysia thinks that co-operation is he answer to this mystery.

 

3-The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.

In Africa, humans have been suffering for a long time now. They have been suffering from hunger and famine and no water. This problem reflected a lots of problems that have negative affects on the humans in Africa. This hunger has been spreading out is Africa, especially in the middle and South of Africa, with little exceptions in the north. Africa has been suffering from this problem for a long time. This hunger comes from many reasons. First, the little rain that is falling in Africa, except for the lands on the equator. Then, the heat that burns up Africa. The soil is another problem, which the soil is not rich in minerals for plants to grow. Then, that affects the presence of animals, in which they donít have food. Then, thatís why the hunger is there, what people will eat without food, plants and water. Lots of people die because of hunger.

Malaysia is worried about that issue. Though Malaysia has not done anything that may affect this. Malaysia suggests support in most of the sides in Africa in which donations may take the main part of the resolution in order to eliminate famine and hunger. Organizations should be working to help is decreasing the amount of hunger in Africa, using donations and food/water supply. The UN should move to touch this problem, by collecting donations and providing all needed food and water. Malaysia's point of view is that the water and food supply should be secured.

 

4-The question of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East.

The Middle East has nuclear weapons. And the United Nations wanted to take-off those nuclear weapons. The Middle East is forced to take-off the nuclear weapon. The nuclear weapons are weapons that cause massive destruction. Some of the Middle East countries own those nuclear weapons. It is not hidden that the white and the blue star is the one owing those weapons and threatens her neighbors. Malaysia not only condemns that country but strongly condemns the country that is behind it, And supplying it with these dangerous weapons.

Malaysia believes that the solution and the only solution is to spread peace in the Middle East is by creating a nuclear free-zone that means that all countries, without any exceptions including the white with blue star. That nuclear free-zone can't take place if the white and the blue star still own nuclear weapons. Not only creating nuclear free zone, but stopping any nuclear activity or studies in that area to insure that no country will own nuclear weapons

 

5-The question of guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba.

Yearly, lots of people suffer of the loss of the human rights. This problem has mainly taken place mainly in Cuba. These days it is just hard to find human rights, as if they are hidden under the ground. But or the world, that is a really serious issue, in which all the world is looking forward to dig out those human rights. The red and white lines and 50 white stars in a blue square seems to be the source of this problem. In which without them, the problem could be easily solved. In Cuba, the human rights are lost.

Malaysia encourages the commission on human rights to work more efficiently on solving this problem without being lazy. Malaysia believes that the only way to solve this problem is by the commission on human rights. It might be the only way to get this problem. This problem is getting complicated because of the red and white lines and 50 white stars in a blue square, it doesn't want to lift the sanctions of Cuba. How will Cuba equalize the human rights there with the sanctions on them?

 

 

 

Resolution

Main submitter: Malaysia

Co-Submitter: USA, China

Signatures: Qatar, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Vatican, Ireland, Eritrea, Greece,.

Question of: controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it.

Defining SARS as the virus of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome,

Deeply concerned that SARS creates huge health, social, and economical problems,

Alarmed by the fast spread of SARS in East Asia, especially in large populated areas and North America,

Adding that nearly 200 of the more than 1,600 people believed to have the respiratory disease in Hong Kong have died,

Defining Swiss cube as the Containment island for SARS victims in Switzerland,

Fully alarmed those SARS death rates are between 25-50% according to the age of the infected person,

Encouraging efforts of individuals and organizations,

Expecting larger actions and efforts from the World Health Organization (WHO),

Congratulating the efforts by scientists even if they didn't reach the cure,

1) Urges the World Health Organization (WHO) to create a sub-organization called the SARS Control Organization (SCO) that will:
A. Be responsible for all the SARS cases;
B. Be temporary until it SARS is controlled;

2) Resolves the SCO will re-enforce the Swiss Cube by:
A. Hospitalizing all people who are infected with SARS;
B. Isolating people from a populated area such as The Swiss Cube island
C. Providing health care would be free of charge;
D. Providing all the necessary faculties for living such as:
1. Food and water,
2. Newspapers, televisions etc.,
3. Health care,
4. Free calls to their families;
E. The patient would be guaranteed their job back and a salary would be given to him;

3) Encourages all countries to send all their SARS victims to the health center since the health care is free of charge;

4) Further resolves that the SCO will build a scientific center that will help by:
A. Selecting from the worldís best scientists that have a good back ground about SARS;
B. Providing these scientists with all their needs;
C. Locating close to the SARS health center in the Swiss Cube;
D. Giving the scientists the right to interact with other patients if the patients are willing to;

5) Recommends the SCO to open a hot line to receive all suggestion from other scientists and these scientists would be granted a patent to his medicine or cure and that scientist would receive a reward chosen by the SCO;

6) Strongly recommend the SCO declare countries are free of SARS if the country is free of the SARS virus for ten days;

7) Affirms that all travelers are to have a medical check-up before traveling domestically or internationally;

8) Expresses its hope that all nations fully cooperate with the SCO.

 

 

 

Opening Speech



Welcome to the land of Sarawak, where the dances are history. Welcome the land of sun and rain, the land of freedom, the land where the choice is yours, the land of sunshine, and the land of hope, the land painted green. Malaysia, truly Asia. Malaysia, a perfect country. Malaysia is a great help to the globe, in which it has suggested, voted to solve problems of the world. Malaysia is the peaceful, calm, serene, and great area.

Malaysia gave many resolutions to the UN. In which it helped solving problems. These days, the world has been suffering form infinite problems. Those problems may threaten millions and millions of lives. SARS, the knife held near our necks, the gun pointed toward our heads. This fire spreading to burn the world. This must end, and it reached the limit. To get it, Malaysia's resolution will be the wall to this killing disease. Please vote for the resolution.