Event: Pearl-MUN 2003
Student: Nouriya Al Sager
Nauru is the short form of the name The Republic Of Nauru. Nauru is of the republic type and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. It is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary system of government. There are three kinds of branches in the Nauruan government: the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch.
In Nauru the legal system acts of the Nauruan Parliament and the British common law. There are a number of political parties and leaders present in Nauru, which are: loose multi-party system; Democratic Party and the Nauruan Parliament. All government districts are located in Yaren Districts because Nauru does not have an official capital.
The Republic of Nauru is the worldís smallest independent republic; its total area occupies 21 square kilometers. It is located in the Western Pacific ocean, to the south of the Marshall Islands and is about 25 miles south of the equator. Its coastline is 30 kilometers long.
Nauru is an oval-shaped island. Most of the island is plateau, 61 meters high, which contains deposits of phosphates. Near the center of the plateau is a lagoon surrounded by a small area of fertile land. Another belt of fertile land extends around the coast.
Nauru is a tropical island that has a monsoonal season, which is from November to February. At this time it is not advisable for tourists to visit Nauru because it would be flooding with rain. In Nauru most people have roof storage tanks to collect the natural and fresh rainwater.
Nauruís neighbors are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, New Zealand and of course Australia.
The main natural resources found in Nauru are phosphate and fish. Nauru is rich with fish because it is a coastal island and has a long coastline, it is rich with phosphate because this island was a place that was filled with birds. After hundreds and thousands of years of having birds live in Nauru, all of their droppings turned into phosphate, which is used in fertilizers.
Nauruís population consists of 12,329 individuals. Its ethnic groups consists of 58% Nauruan, 28% of other Pacific islanders, 8% Chinese and 8% Europeans. The citizens of Nauru are mostly Christians although two thirds of them are Protestants and the other third are Roman Catholics.
The official language spoken in Nauru is Nauruan. English is widely spoken and understood in Nauru, it is also the language used for most government and commercial purposes.
Nauru does not have an official army; it is under an informal agreement with Australia to defend it against any attack from any enemy, although Nauru does have an official Police force. The military manpower available is about 3,103.
Phosphate is Nauruís only important resource rather than fish band is the countryís only export. A government-owned shipping company in Nauru serves many regions in the Pacific Ocean. A government-owned airline provides service to many Pacific areas. Nauruís government encourages such local industries as fishing and canoe building. Imported products include food, machinery, cars, furniture, shoes, water and medicine. It imports this mainly from Pacific countries, Australia, New Zealand, England and China.
Views on World Problems:
The republic of Nauru has a number if allies like Australia as its main ally, New Zealand, England and China. It has only two enemies that are Afghanistan and Taiwan. Afghanistan is an enemy because it has refugees from Afghanistan that were as a result of a conflict between Australia and Afghanistan about not allowing any Afghans to Australia. Taiwan as an enemy because Nauru established diplomatic bonds with China that resulted in having Taiwan break diplomatic bonds with Nauru because if Nauru established bonds with China, it will be a main ally and will export most of their things from them so if they do export from them, Taiwan will not be a main exporter to Nauru and will not gain as much money as it used to gain from Nauru.
Captain John Fearn, an English explorer was the first European to visit Nauru in 1788. In 1888, Germany took over the island and administered it until 1914 when Australia took control. After World War I, Australia began to administer the island.
Japan seized Nauru during World War II. In 1947 the United Nation provided for Australian control of the island under a trusteeship held also by Great Britain, Australia and New Zealand. In 1964 Nauru began to work for independence and control of the phosphate industry.
A. The issue of rising water levels due to the effect of global warming
Global warming is the average increase in the Earthís temperature. It is caused by human activities that include burning fossil fuels like coal, oil, petrol and natural gases. Because of global warming, Earth has warmed by about 1° F over the past 100 years. Gases that are released into the airís atmosphere, carbon dioxide and other gases are known as greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases are harmful to the Earthís atmosphere because they make good insulators, which trap in energy (heat) into Earthís atmosphere and causes changes in rainfall patterns, a rise in sea levels and a wide range of impact on plants, animals and humans.
Nauru is one of the first nations on the face of earth that will disappear due to the effect of global warming. It is the smallest country in the world and is also an island!! Nauru is in great danger of this and is being in greater threat every year from having this innocent poor little country disappear from the face of the earth.
B. The issue of controlling SARS virus and finding a cure for it.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a respiratory illness that has recently been reported in Asia, North America and Europe. What SARS does is that is starts with the patient by getting a fever, headaches, body aches or an overall feeling of discomfort. After 2-7 days the SARS patient may develop a dry cough and have trouble in breathing. Depending on the facilities available, the SARS virus will eventually kill the patient.
The republic of Nauru is located in Asia where most countries over there are infected with the virus accept for a few that include Korea and Nauru (there are many others that are not yet infected with the virus). Korea and Nauru believe in that the virus has not reached them because they have a traditional food that is made out of garlic is what is preventing the virus from infecting them. They think that garlic kills the virus and eliminates it from being spread around. Nauru, even with their belief that garlic is the cure for SARS is most likely to be infected with the virus. If this republic is infected with the virus then it will be nearly impossible for these poor people to control this virus unless aided by a wealthy country like Australia or England.
C. The issue of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war.
The republic of Nauru is a poor country that is depending on selling phosphate as its main income. Nauru is against the idea of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war because it can only afford to have food and water resources for itself and cannot risk itself to secure food in case there is a war. Nauru will not be securing food and water resources because it is under an agreement with Australia to protect it and to secure food and water resources for it in times of war and famine.
D. The issue of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East.
Nauru is a peaceful country that does not have any relations what so ever with any country from the Middle East. The republic does not affect these countries nor is affected by them. The republic does not react or respond to these countries accept by sticking by the ideas of its allies, which they do not have a choice in. Although Nauru does not have any relations with them, they do agree with the fact that they should be creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East because it is a peaceful country that does not want harm to any other country.
E. The issue of guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba.
Nauru is a peaceful country and does not like to bring any problem or harm to any country. Believing in this Nauru also has the right of choosing its political status among the world and so has to take deceptions based on this belief. Nauru believes in human rights but also believes in that in Cuba, what is happening is that they are not having a problem with human rights but are having a problem with dictatorship. Moreover, what the Unites States of America is doing is that it is trying to aid Cuba into solving this dictatorship problem just like how it is successfully solving the problem of dictatorship in Iraq.
Forum: General Assembly
Delegation of Nauru
Issue: The spread of SARS and finding a cure for it
Defining: SARS ( Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ) as an airborne disease that has recently been discovered and is affecting people around the world,
Bearing in mind SARS spread out to Canada, the Far East and most recently to Britain although research showed that it started in China,
Having studied SARS starts with its patients with symptoms like high fever, head aches, body aches or an overall feeling of discomfort. Afterwards, this patient may be experiencing mild respiratory symptoms. After 2-7 days, SARS patient may develop a dry cough or have trouble breathing. Then it will just be a matter of time when the patient dies.
Further noting A vaccine has not yet been found to cure SARS.
Pointing out SARS has killed a huge number of people that estimates about 6500 persons.
1. Proclaims: That bureaus that are a part of the WHO should be located in all countries that are prone to have SARS or has people infected with it will:-
A. Have expert medical staff that will know hoe to deal with SARS patients that will be sponsored by hospital from all over the world and the United Nations. B. Immediately report any suspects of SARS to the WHO,
2. Affirms: that a special quarantine area should be built only for SARS patients, and it will:- A. Be located in a rural area that has modern transportation facilities in order to have them transferred to. B. Be the point to which all SARS patients are taken to in order to have them under control and to have them tested. C. Be supervised by medical experts 24 hours a day. D. House extra security outside this building 24 hours a day. E. Not allow visitors to enter. F. House research labs with expert medical researchers from all over the world.
3. Resolves: that booths that are a part of the bureau should be put in many places like which A. Will be in places like, shopping malls, hospitals, restaurants and fairs B. Will be responsible to take quick a quick test on each person that passes through a check point to identify any symptoms of SARS, if a person was suspected of the disease then he/she will be immediately transported to the main bureau to be tested more accurately for the disease.
Honorable chair, fellow delegates and most distinguished guests,
The island of The Republic of Nauru would like to welcome you all. From the land of phosphates to the land of coral reef, from the land of the great oceans, to the land which is to be called paradise. The island of Nauru welcomes you all with open hands.
SARS is an airborne disease which has recently been discovered among the world. SARS evidently has killed a large number of people within a short period. This lethal disease has shaken the hearts of the world and has been a major threat to the world. The island of Nauru is here today to help the fellow delegates to solve this miserable problem. This problem should be the fist to be solved because it is causing the death of many people daily. If this problem is solved, the world would be a better place.
Thank you all very much for your attention.
Thank you again.