Event: Pearl-MUN 2003
Student: Abdulaziz Al Mutawa
The Federal Republic of Nigeria has a very strong type of government which is republic transitioning from military to civilian rule The Nigerian capital is Abuja, the capital was officially named on the 12" of December 1991 after the former capital Lagos. Al most every federal office has moved to Abuja. The division of this federal republic is the following: 36 states and 1 territory; Abia, Abuja Federal Capital Territory *, some of these 36 states are Adamawa, Bauchi, Cross River, Delta, Koyi, Ogun, Sokoto, and Zamfara. The Supreme Court judges are appointed by the president, while the federal government appeal the federal court on the advice of the Advisory Judicial Committee. The republic of Nigeria has an alliance for democracy or AD; People's Democratic or PDP.
The federal Republic of Nigeria has international organization participation like: ACP, AFDB, and UPU, and Interpol. The Constitution of Nigeria was adopted May 1999 and the legal system is based on English common law, and Islamic Shariah law (which is only in some northern states, and traditional law. The president of the country is both the chief of state and head of government. The president of the republic is elected by the people of the republic The republic also has a diplomatic representation from the US.
This fascinating country is the homeland of many people while the population is 129,934,91 1 and it is located in Western Africa, bordering the gulf of guinea, between Benin and the Cameroon, which makes it a hot place during summer and a lot of sea business is involved The geographic coordinates of Nigeria are 10 00 NI 8 00 E. The total are occupied by Nigeria is 923,768 sq. km; this country is slightly more than twice the size of the huge state of California. The bordering countries are: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1.690 km, Chad 87 km, and Niger 1,479 km. The coastline of this country is 853 km, last but not least the climate in Nigeria is equatorial in the south and tropical in the center, and arid in the north and so is the terrain of the country it has hills, mountains and plains.
The very rich resource country first natural resource is off course crude(basic) oil, and then comes coal after oil and then there is tree products like wood and rubber, after that there is animal skins and food materials and off course we could not forget the palm oil Some of the side resources are mineral like steel. Some of the agriculture products are: coca, peanuts, palm oil, rice, rubber, and pigs, sheep So in general the summarization of the natural resources is: Natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, arable land Exports commodities like petroleum products are 95%, coca and rubber. Exports partners are: US 46%, Spain 11%, India 6%, France 5%, and Brazil The federal republic of Nigeria natural resources are very important and especially the petroleum because as we all know petroleum is the basic ingredient of the success of any country, but oil is not only found in Nigeria, but is found almost all over the world and a lot of it is found in the Arabian gulf and in countries like Kuwait and Saudi Arabia
To begin with we have the ethnic groups ;Nigeria, which is obviously Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; some are more found in most parts of the republic than others, some are : Hausa and Fulani 29% and Yoruba 21% , however the religions in Nigeria are as follows Muslims 50%, Christians 40%, indigenous beliefs 10% . The languages spoken within the republic are: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani. The literacy in the country is age 15 and over can read and write, total population is : 57.1% , male 67.3%. female 47.3%.
The HIV virus is a very important issue in the republic because it is spreading more widely every day, not only in the republic, but in the world; the living people that are infected with the virus are 2.7 million people.
The Nigerian army is not very up to date either extremely powerful because this almost perfect country has not so many enemies because it has a defense treating with the US, and Nigeria is a very peaceful country that enough problems from the inside and on top of them is the HIV to worry about the outer world .
As we all know the very oil rich country is making 95% of its profit out of oil, but that covers the government but what about the people that are suffering the lack of money, food and water, but that does not apply on every body in the country but on a little part of the country, however the purchasing power parity is $105.9 billion. Also the labor force is 66 million, but the labor force -by occupation: agriculture 70%, industry 10%, and services 20%. The unemployment rate is 28% out of the whole population and that is a medium sized number. The budget of the country is $3.4 billion
Views of world problems:
The 2 most important problems to Nigeria are the HIV virus plus the pollution of the world. First the HIV virus as I said earlier has over 2 7 million victims every year in Nigeria alone. Next we have got the pollution problem; like, Soil degradation, oil pollution, has suffered serious damage from oil spills. Also some environment international agreements are: the law of the sea, Ozone layer Protection, and marine dumping. Although there are many problems that concern everybody in the whole world these 2 main problems concern Nigeria a lot because first: the HIV can destroy almost three quarters of Nigeria and all of the younger people of the society Second, the pollution problem can destroy the whole world and the destruction had begun already in the airspace of the island continent.
The country was military ruled for 16 years, but the new constitution was adopted in 1999. Throughout the remainder of 1966 and into 1967, the FMG sought to convene a constituent assembly for revision of the constitution that might enable an early return to civilian rule. Nonetheless, the tempo of violence increased In September attacks on Igbo in the north were renewed with unprecedented ferocity stirred up by Muslim traditionalists with the connivance, Eastern Region leaders believed, of northern political leaders. The army was sharply divided along regional lines Reports circulated that troops from the Northern Region had participated in the mayhem The estimated number of deaths ranged as high as 30,000, although the figure was probably closer to 8,000 to 10,000 More than 1 million Igbo returned to the Eastern Region In retaliation, some northerners were massacred in Port Harbour and other eastern cities, and a counter exodus of non-Igbo was under way. The first elections under the 1979 constitution were held on schedule in July and August 1979, and the FMG handed over power to a new civilian government under President Shagari on October 1, 1979.
Nigeria's Second Republic was born amid great expectations. Oil prices were high and revenues were on the increase. It appeared that unlimited development was possible. Unfortunately, the euphoria was short-lived, and the Second Republic did not survive its infancy.
1. Question of rising water levels
Global warming is a natural problem that humans cannot do anything about except scientists, but to prevent countries from drowning, Nigeria things that scientist should calculate how much the water level will rise over time. Then, each endangered county should build dams and walls along costs that would stop the water from drowning cities. Although it does not make sense to the countries with large spaces on the coast so hear is another solution: to bury a measured distance of the water and then dig a large, deep hole around the coast.
Nigeria is a countries that still did not discover any cases of the deadly disease that is known as SARS, but Nigeria thinks that to stop spreading this disease countries must follow these rules. First, all flights to the Far East must be canceled if the reason of traveling was important the passengers must be wearing a suit that prevents any bacteria from having contact with the passenger's body. Second, if any infected region of the world discovers and infected disease, it must report it to the WHO immediately, and a report must be issued.
3. The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.
Countries that are neighbors with countries at war must be ready to send immunity, food, and water resources to the other country even if the 2 countries were at war from before. Next the United Nations must form a special committee that's job is just to offer food and water in times of war and famine.
4. The question of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East.
Nigeria thinks that this idea is a perfect idea because, some countries are not responsible enough to handle nuclear weapons and are not expected to own nuclear weapons and especially in the Middle East ,because already some countries are being controlled by other countries which is good . Also Nigeria thinks that nuclear weapons must be only owned by the countries with the Veto Power, because they are the wisest countries and no wars will occur between them. Also Nigeria thinks that Nuclear weapons must be taken from many Asian countries since they are threatening each other by nuclear weapons, and nuclear power plants and factories are not that kind of weapons that everybody should own because the effect that comes out of nuclear power is very serious and severe and not only on one country but maybe half of a content and that is apart from the old friend radiation.
5. The Question of guaranteeing human rights and eleviating suffering in Cuba
Nigeria thinks that simply the whole government of Cuba must be changed and with a new president guaranteed by the United Nations Security Council and also instead of weapon inspectors, human rights inspectors should be sent should be sent to search for the illegal jails and progressive chambers To guarantee human rights also this subject (human rights) should be taught in schools in Cuba A Cuban citizen must have the same freedom and rights that you and I have and not just a terrorist ruled country with a corrupted law and government industries;
Committee: General Assembly
Issue: The Question of Securing Water Resources for countries in Times of War and Famine
Defining famine as a fight for survival that could reach into a level of collapses of the countries because of the lack of food,
Understanding how the lack of food would starve families that would encourage people to commit crimes and robberies for food,
Aware of the breaking up of families and moving away from places to look for new jobs and earn more money,
Having understood that there are some diseases that come with starvation like distended stomach and people could get emaciated,
Pointing out that Starvation could not only destroy a country but cause a country to collapse and its people become extinct,
1. Resolves that representative from every part of the world will get together every three weeks to assure that starvation is gone from the country;
2. Proclaims that an organization, the FSO, would not let others interfere with the country's business and rules and it would accept charity and taxes from countries that have a bad reputation; A. This organization will not only secure food for every person but also guarantee human rights throughout the country, B. The organization also must secure storage areas in different places in the country that have: canned food, frozen vegetables, and clean water;
3. Further resolves that the UN Food Security Organization should try to cooperate and solve any problem that is causing starvation by: A. Making a meeting twice a year in South Africa which has all sides of the conflict; B. Allowing that if the leader of one of the ethnic group doesn't come, the deputy- leader join the meeting; C. Majority decision taking will take place in these meetings must be by majority and be implemented by all sides;
4. Proclaims countries that wish for the investment to give free land and incentive packages to investors ham the FSO;
5. Concludes that the benefits of the FSO investors will go to securing food.
Welcome ladies and gentlemen
Welcome everybody to the land of freedom to that land that knew no war and no problems a country with such beauty and so innocent that was until the brutal and violent battle that occurred. It devastated the beauty, destroyed the innocence, and left more than 68% of the people starving.
Ladies and gentleman, honorable chair, that is not what happened but there is worse, a virus that struck the countries and continued the destruction of the HIV, but finally this is all fading away, and the beauty is coming back. The innocence is returning and the virus is disappearing. And Nigeria is returning.