Country: Democratic People's Republic of North Korea
Event: Pearl-MUN 2003
Student: Dheidan Al Shammari
North Korea has a capital named Pyongyang. The North Korean is classified to be a government of a one-man dictatorship authoritarian socialist government. North Korea is communist. Without him North Korea is predicted to be fine. The constitution is to be adopted at 1948 and last amended on 1998.
North Korea’s legal system is based on German civil law system with Japanese influences and Communist legal theory. The judicial system does not accept review of legislative acts. North Korea does not revere the ICJ or ratify it. The Central Court is the highest courtroom in North Korea. The judges are elected by the Supreme People's Assembly.
The president (KIM Chong-il ) is given the title of Chairman of the National Defense Commission, which is a position that controls everything. However, KIM Yongnam was named President of the Supreme People's Assembly president. This means he has the responsibility of representing the state and receiving diplomatic credentials. He is like the foreign affairs minister.
Elections in North Korea took place last time in 1998. HONG Songnam was elected prime minister, with undisclosed amounts of votes. The cabinet is elected by the Supreme People's Assembly.
Supreme People's Assembly is the highest legislative region in the government. It has 687 seats and members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms. The next elections are this year.
There are many parties in North Korea such as the Chondoist Chongu Party and there is chairwoman Yu Mi-yong, the Korean Social Democratic Party there chairman is KIM Yong-tae. However the major party is the Korean Workers' Party or KWP with there President KIM Chong-il, General Secretary.
North Korea has an area of 120,410 sq. km. (47,000 sq. mi.), and is located between (40,00) N, (127,00) E. it is located in Eastern Asia, at the northern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan, and is between China and South Korea. North Korea has a total of 120,540 sq. Km of area, divided in 130 km2 water and 120,410 km2 lands.
North Korea neighbors are China with 1,416 km boundary, South Korea with 238 km, and with Russia 19 km. It borders the sea with a 2,495 km. the lowest point in North Korean peninsula is the: Sea of Japan 0 m, but the highest point is highest point is Paektu-san 2,744 m.
North Korea terrain is 80% of mountains, hills and high lands. The high terrain is separated by low valleys and small cultivated plain. The other 20% is a low plain land. North Korea has a long dry winter and a humid short summer.
North Korea is in a very strategic location because it borders two supreme countries, Russia and China. It has lots of mountains which makes a problem for land transportation's, thus isolating it from the world.
North Korea is a country that is rich with natural resources. For example coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnetite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar and hydropower are all natural resources that are found in North Korea. Another fortune North Korea has is the arable land which is 14.12% of North Korea total area. Permanent crops are 2.49% of North Korea area. North Korea has an irrigated land of 14,600 sq. km only which is considered to be little for a country with 120,410 sq. km.
Natural hazards are available in North Korea. A late spring drought which is followed by the severe floods is a great hazard that affects North Korea population and economy. In fall, another natural hazard happens which is the occasional typhoon which is sea storms.
North Korea is a country with a 22,224,195 population. The ethnic groups that are in North Korea are racial homogeneous, and there are a small Chinese community with a little ethnic Japanese. There are a lot of people that are closely related from the two Korea’s as brother which can be used to reunite the two Korea’s after years from now.
The North Korean people follow the Buddhist and Confucianist religions in tradition. The Buddhist and Confucianist religions are hereditary in North Korea. Another religions is Christianity which exists as well as other religions. Speaking about religions, there are religious activities preformed in North Korea after the illusion of religious freedom was spread in North Korea.
The North Korean defense system is wearing off. But everyone fears North Korea because of the nuclear capability. The army consists of the Korean People's Army (includes Army, Navy, Air Force) and Civil Security Forces. Those forces are drafted conscripted armies ranging to nuclear technician. It has 6,032,376 men in the army and 3,619,535 ready to be drafted. 31.3% of the GDP is on military which is $5,124.1 million.
North Korea has a 33-km section territorial problem with the boundary of China in the Paektu-san (mountain). Moreover, North Korea has a Demarcation Line with South Korea, which is to prevent war.
North Korea is a country where the economy isn’t stable. There is not enough food for people, there starving!! The lack of food is because of lack of arable land and natural disasters. It has suffered droughts in 2000. Massive international food aid deliveries have allowed the regime to escape mass starvation since 1995-96.
Although the peninsula is known for its rich resources, this country lacks organization. All its profits from industries go to military programs. The country’s GDP is $22 billion. Imagine all that on just military. The GDP growth is rising by 1%, but this is falling because the country’s industries are facing competition and age, so there wearing of. It has a labor force of 9.6 million which are used in military and wearing off industries.
The so called industries are military products; machine building, electric power, chemicals; mining (coal, iron ore, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals), metallurgy; textiles, food processing.
The country has gotten nearly $300 million in food aid alone from US, South Korea, Japan, and EU in 2001 plus much additional aid from the UN and non-governmental organizations. There currency is North Korean won (KPW).
View on World Problems
North Korea is a threat to the stability of its region. However, with the nuclear reactor and weapons it makes a bigger threat. It uses threats to shape the countries as she wishes. It is in ARF (dialogue partner), ESCAP, FAO, G-77, ICAO, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO. It does not ratify the ICJ.
With the war on terrorism on its way, the US has North Korea on its lists.
The Korean peninsula was first populated by peoples of a Tungusic branch of the Ural-Altaic language family who migrated from the northwestern regions of Asia. Over time Korea has been invaded, influenced and fought over by its stronger neighboring countries. Korea was under Mongolian occupation from 1231 until the early 14th century and was plundered by Japanese pirates in 1359 and 1361. The Japanese leader, Hideyoshi, launched major invasions of Korea in 1592 and 1597. When Western powers decided to put some pressure on Korean Diplomacy in the mid-19th century Korea’s rulers adopted a closed-door policy. Though the Choson dynasty paid the Chinese court and recognized China's domination in East Asia, Korea was independent until the late 19th century. At that time, China sought to block growing Japanese influence on the Korean peninsula and Russia's efforts for commercial gain. This competition produced the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 and the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05. Japan was victorious in both wars and in 1910 labeled Korea as part of the rising Japanese empire. Japanese colonial administrations were set up under tight control from Tokyo and harsh efforts to replace Korean language and culture.
There were resistance attempts during the colonial periods but none were successful and Japan remained ruling Korea. After Japan surrendered in 1945 Korea was liberated. Due to the very quick surrender of Japan Korea was quickly split into two occupied zones. The United States took over the South and the former Soviet Union took over the North. At a meeting in Cairo, it was agreed that Korea would be free, at a later meeting in Yalta, it was agreed to establish a four-power trusteeship over Korea. In December 1945, a conference convened in Moscow to discuss the future of Korea. A five-year trusteeship was discussed, and a joint Soviet-American commission was established. Independent Korea quickly vanished after the cold war and two separate nations were established the North and the South.
1-The question of rising water levels due to the effects of global warming.
Global warming is the phenomenon in which the density in the atmosphere of gases such as carbon dioxide rise and in turn cause the air temperature to rise. All the countries in the United Nations must work hand to hand to solve this problem. The United Nations should put some rules that will decrease the global warming or some billions may be lost. Some islets have already disappeared in the nations of Kiribati and more well if the United Nations well not takes action. This problem also interferes with North Korea, it will gradually decrease the amount of land gradually which at the end may cause North Korea to disappear. Country representatives, we must act smart and fast.
2-The question of controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it.
SARS is the newly deciphered genome of the pathogen responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome suggests that the virus is the product of a long and private evolutionary history. The United Nations have to create a unit to stop the spreading of this disease, they must gather doctors and scientists from all the world and try to figure a solution to this disease and they must keep an amount of money as backup money so if similar situations happen the world well be ready to face it. North Korea is under threat of this new virus because its surrounded by it.
3-The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.
Securing food and water for nations in war is to supply countries in war with food and water which is considered to be an honorable action. For the United Nations to do this kind of action it must have a huge reservation of food because nations contain millions.
North Korea supports this idea due to the tension that the United States is causing in the Korean Peninsula.
4-The question of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East.
A free zone of nuclear weapons in the middle east means that no country in the middle east well have any kind of nuclear weapons which well happen if Israel loses its nuclear weapons. North Korea suggests that United Nation forces must take all kind of Nuclear weapons from the middle east.
5-The question of guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba.
Human rights are the rights for a human because he is a human. I think that Cuba is a country that knows how to deal with the people living in it so North Korea advice the United Nations not to take any course of action.
Issue: The question of controlling the spread of SARS and finding a cure for it.
Country: the Democratic Republic of North Korea
Forum: General Assembly
Defining SARS as a severe acute respiratory syndrome, as an airborne disease that has recently been discovered and is affecting people from around the world. It is a respiratory illness that is similar to a cold but it lacks mucus,
Defining quarantines as places in which infected people are admitted to kill the spread of this fatal syndrome,
Deeply concerned if SARS spread through the world millions of people may die due to the efficiency of this fatal syndrome,
Further noting a vaccine has not been created yet to cure this virus,
Alarmed by that many citizens died a painful death without any care,
Noting with great concern that SARS is a highly contagious disease and that it may affect a whole nation in a matter of weeks,
Taking Note that 5191 probable cases and 275 deaths have happened only in China so think of the other big nations or small if they get infected,
1. Condemns countries that do not alerts surrounding countries and the United Nations when the first known case of SARS occurs;
2. Resolves that bureaus are a part of the WHO should be located in every country that has people infected with the virus or is prone to have SARS: A. It will have medical experts that come from hospitals from all over the world, B. People who are suspected of having SARS will be sent to the Swiss Cube which is a place created by the WHO that is prepared and isolated specially for patience of SARS, C. In the Swiss Cube patients are tested for SARS and as soon as a treatment is found they well be treated with it, D. The bureaus will be responsible for transferring people that have SARS and check those suspected of SARS,
3. Further Resolves that each country tries to control the flow of SARS through A. Land, Sea, and Air border checks, B. Admitting people suspected of SARS into quarantines where they are checked accordingly, C. Placing travel bands on victims of SARS,
4. Encourages all the countries that are members of the United Nations to tighten security by: A. Creating special teams who are trained to perform general checkup when patrolling public areas and if suspected of the virus the victim shall be checked up and if infected transferred directly to the Swiss Cube, B. To intensify the security around when transporting a patient to the Swiss Cube, C. Noting the team members will be very well equipped with suits that well prevent transition SARS to them;
5. Requests that the United Nations should create a comity called (UNDK) United Nation Diseases Killers, and support it financially and otherwise so if any sort of other disease ever happens again the United Nations will quickly take action rather than debating the issue for a while, because while we are debating some people are suffering from SARS;
6. Further requests that countries which are members of the United Nations A. Advise their citizens not to travel to infected areas because they might they carry diseases to their home land, B. When they come back to their countries the passenger that arrived from the infected area should be immediately admitted to the bureau for a couple of days and are not released until a group of doctor confirm there are free of SARS,
7. Urges all the countries, which are members of the United Nations to use their media to inform the public with SARS virus symptoms so they avoid people who carry these symptoms and inform the bureau about people who carries these symptoms;
8. Desiring the countries which are members of the United Nations to form a SARS virus awareness program to keep the public informed and updated of the conditions of the SARS virus and the places it had infected by: A. Television stations, newspapers and Magazines, B Fundraising to help raise money to find a cure for parties and carnivals;
9. Supports all the organization that began the trip on finding a cure for SARS and unifying all of these organizations into one huge big organization.
Honorable Chair, Honorable Delegates:
North Korea the land of taekwando, North Korea the country that climbed the mountain of success bypassing uncle’s Sam blockages, North Korea the diamond of Asia which is I the bridge of war with a country that plays the rule of a person looking for piece but its actually not. North Korea would like to condemns Uncle Sam for the miserable action. Why did Uncle Sam impale a nuclear testing zone in Kazakhstan, why not test its weapons on its own land? That is a question that shows that Uncle Sam assume that third war countries for dumpsters for their weapons. Mainly Uncle Sam is the reason of all the misery in the world.
Dheidan Al Shammari