Country: The Kingdom of Norway
Event: Pearl-MUN 2003
Student: Anwar Al-Muzaini
The kingdom of Norway is Norway’s traditional long form name. Citizens of Norway are formally called Norwegians, and they are of Teutonic origin, like the Danes and the Swedes. Norway is a constitutional monarchy (as the king has no power) with a parliamentary system of government. The monarchy holds a strong position in Norway, and the present monarch, King Harald V, enjoys major popularity. The government is based on the Norwegian constitution .The constitution was created on May 17th , 1814, and it divides the government into three branches-executive, legislative, and judicial. Monarchs usually appoint leaders of the strongest political party; in parliament it’s the Prime Minister. The executive power is vested in the king (King Harald Grafeld).
There are several political parties present in Norway. These parties are: Labor Party, Conservatives, Progress Party, Christian democrats, Center Party, Liberals, Socialist Left Party, and the Non-Partisan Coastal Party. The party in power, currently, is the Labor Party with 65 seats in parliament. The Labor Party is the largest party, which was formed in 1880. This party was established for interest of a labor movement, and to fight for more democracy. Mr. Kjell Magne BONDEVIK is the Norwegian Prime Minister and represents the Labor Party (Ap).
In the past the king enjoyed complete power, now however, the king is more of a symbol and doesn’t have complete power of Norway, the political parties do. The parliament, which consists of a single legislative chamber (in Norway, the monarchy), divides itself into two chambers, where there are 165 seats and members are elected thus proving certain type of democracy is present.
Norway lies in Northern Europe bordering the North Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Norwegian Sea. It has borders with Russia, Sweden, and Finland; and has a total area of 324,220 sq. km (land 307,860 sq. km, water 16,360 sq. km), an area slightly larger than New Mexico’s.
Large areas of Norway consist of forests and mountains. Norway can be divided into northern and southern Norway, but it can be refereed to it as 4 regions. Southeastern Norway contains areas of forest, gentle valleys and rich arable land. In the southwest, nature is more beautiful with deep fjords (pronounced fjord, which is a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between steep slopes) entering 200 km or more into the heart of the country where mountain glaciers lie. The central region also has fjords and a coastline but here the mountains are more gentle and there lowland areas. In northern Norway there is mostly frozen Wilderness, there is a 0 number of population there as most people live in the south. The climate in Norway varies a great deal from one region to another but the four seasons are definite throughout the whole country. The coastal climate enjoys mild winters and cool summers, while inland winters are cold and summers are hot. The warm waters of the Gulf Streabring a mild climate to coastal areas and ensure ice-free harbors even in winter.
Norway could be called a wealthy country, it doesn’t suffer from poverty. Although its land is covered with greenness and farms are available, it is mostly an oil country, since it’s capital source is Petroleum (even though oil is not available IN Norway). This oil is present in the North Sea, and Norway depends on British companies to get this oil that causes them wealth. There are many natural resources available in Norway; sources include copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower, and of course Petroleum. As for agriculture: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish. Norway’s export partners are mostly EU countries-78% (UK 19%, France 11.8%, Germany 11.6%, Netherlands 10.2%, and Sweden 7.9%). Its import partners are the EU-66.5% (Sweden 15.5%, Germany 12.8%, UK 7.8%, Denmark 7.2%, France 5.2%), the US, and Japan.
Norway lies directly in the path of the North Atlantic cyclones, which brings strong winds and frequent changes in the weather. Norway’s environments current issues include water pollution, acid rains that damage forests and differently affect lakes, which threatens fish, and air pollution from the vehicles. Norway has performed many environment international agreements, some are: Air Pollution, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Hazardous Wastes, and the Antarctic treaty.
Norway is a big country, and its population is 4,525,116 (July 2002). The growth rate is 0.2%. Norway is composed of numerous religions, although the mass nationality in Norway is the Norwegian people. Religions in Norway can be divided into: Evangelical Lutheran 87.8% (state church), other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3.8%, none 3.2%, unknown 5.2%. The official language is Norwegian and the two official forms of Norwegian are Bokm?l and Nynorsk.
The population of Norway is ethnically big. Apart from several thousand Lapps (Sami) and people from Finnish origin in North Norway, there is the Germanic (Nordic, Alpine, and Baltic). The country has no significant minority groups although small numbers of Danes, Swedes, Britons, Pakistanis, Americans and Iranians live in Norway. These groups get along fine, not causing any trouble. The amount of literacy (The condition or quality of being literate, especially the ability to read and write) in Norway is 99%, a high rate. This amount informs us that the people of Norway are well educated and bring great benefit to the country because of their well education.
Norway is a very good source as to defense industrial supplier. The Norwegian defensive capability is being upgraded with several major projects designed to increase Norway's ability to resist invasion and other threats. Another factor driving Norway's defense investment program is its noticeable role in international peacekeeping operations, under the support of NATO and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Norway holds the chair of the OSCE in 1999. The Government is aware of the possibility that conflicts in other regions of Europe and the World could possibly spread closer to Norway. The growth of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons is another probability that Norway is safeguarding itself against. The Ministry of Defense has stated, "National defense planning will continue to be based on allied military reinforcement in the event of crisis or war". The MoD is concerned that, while NATO is increasingly moving away from distinguished reinforcement forces, Norway must ensure that allied reinforcements can still be brought in, and that Norway is still properly prepared to receive them. All of these factors lead to a long-term investment and improved plan, involving some very substantial investments.
Norway's 1999 defense budget is USD 3 billion. In their Defense Plan for 1999 to 2002 the Government states that USD 3 billion will be needed to be invested in defense materials by 2002. USD 7 billion must be invested by 2006. Its military branches are the Norwegian Army, Royal Norwegian Navy (including Coast Artillery and Coast Guard), Royal Norwegian Air Force, and Home Guard. Norway's forces are rather small compared to those of many other countries. The peacetime forces are only approximately 35,000 men. Norway’s mobilization force is approximately 234,000 men. One of the reasons for this small force is that even if Norway itself is not so small, there are only about 4,5 million people living here. Its only enemy perhaps was Germany, who invaded it in 1942.
Norway partially depends on itself on protection, but also depends on NATO and it’s European allies too.
Norway is a medium-sized economy with a high dependence on international trade. As the World’s second largest exporter of oil, Norway is especially dependent on its oil production and international oil prices. The Norwegian currency is the Norwegian Krone (NOK). The Norwegian economy largely depends on the fortunes of its petroleum industry. Therefore, it experienced decline in the late 1980s as oil prices fell but by the 1990s it had recovered strongly, benefiting from the increased production and higher prices. Norway reversed its negative balance of payment, and the growth of its GNP (gross national products), which had slowed during the 1980’s, accelerated.
By the late 1990s Norway’s GNP was the highest in Scandinavia and among the highest of the world. In attempt to reduce the economic decline caused by drops in oil prices, the government established the Government Petroleum Fund.
Norwegian economy is based on free enterprise. Withdrawal of economical amounts of offshore petroleum beginning in the early 1970s allowed Norway to expand its already extensive social welfare system. Norway’s economy has since grown highly dependent on petroleum production. The 20th century was a period of great industrial expansion for Norway, based primarily on waterpower resources. The country had one of the highest livings in the world; estimated gross domestic product (GDP) in 1999 was $34,290. Only Saudi Arabia exported more oil than Norway. Norwegians are now worried what will happen when the oil and gas (which accounted for 35% with oil for exports) will run out, Norway has been saving it’s oil budget in the Government Petroleum Fund, which invested abroad and is now valued at more than $43 billion. Norway owes $0.00, therefore having no debt to any country.
Norway is described as a "welfare state", like Sweden. Its government takes responsibility for the welfare of its citizens, as in matters of health care, education, employment, and social security etc.…. By establishing the Government Petroleum Fund its purpose was the concern of the welfare of its citizens.
Norway is a trade partner with the UK, the US, the Baltic countries, Mexico (in agricultural agreements), Ireland, Sweden and other countries too. An overall economic summary: GDP/PPP (2001 est.): $138.7 billion; per capita $30,800. Real growth rate: 1.3%. Inflation: 3.1%. Unemployment: 3.6%. Arable land: 2.94%. Labor force: 2.4 million (2000 est.), services 74%, industry 22%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 4% (1995. Exports: $58 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.). Imports: The imports are $37.3 billion, and the import commodities are machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, and foodstuffs. (F.o.b., 2001 est.). Major trading partners: EU, US., Japan.
Since Norway has a budget of $71.7 billion (revenues) it’s economical status is obviously doing well. Not to mention that (1) in 1994 Norway's GDP grew by 5.1% (the highest in Europe after Ireland); unemployment was 5.4% of the labor force (about half that in the UK) and inflation was 1.4%, only bettered by Finland and Switzerland in Europe. Overall GDP growth is estimated to be even higher, especially in 1996, due to the growth in the production of oil and natural gas (2) A 2.75% increase of its GDP in 1997. (3) Norges Bank estimates prices will increase 3% in an inflation (increase) report. This suggests that the economy of Norway is doing well, and it’s ascending, not descending.
View on world problems
It is a member of many organizations. It is a guest of the Nonaligned Movement (NAM), an observer of the Organization of American States (OAS), a member of the UN, a temporary member of the UN Security Council, a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a member of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO/WTRrO). It's also the leading member of a little "anti-EU" with the other North States. The political parties that were involved in this anti-Euro are the Center Party, the Christian Democrats and the Liberals
Norway has its opinion towards war problems, and is traditionally valued as "honest neutral". Meaning it never takes sides on any arguments, and neither agrees or disagrees with anyone. Thus it’s often called upon to talk to both sides during disputes. It is, for example, the leading country in peace negotiations in Sri Lanka, it’s Annual political consultations between Sri Lanka and itself shows it’s involvement, and was involved, also, in the Middle East. It's best known for this
A poll showed that 47% of Norway did not support the war, and 40% did. Although 7% does not make much a difference, it shows Norway is one of the peacemaking countries that do not aid any war. Norway was one of the countries (among the Us, UK, France, Italy, and others) that went against resolutions concerning civil and political rights concerning terrorists. It does not believe terrorists should be forgiven by the fact that they have rights.
Norway was one of the countries supporting the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) initiative. The initiative is connected with the debt relief effort towards the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) and soft loans from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Norway believes that reducing poverty around the world is a very good strategy as to stopping it.
Norway has perspectives also on AIDs problems; it created the Norway's National Organization Against AIDS to show its effort to stop it’s spreading. Norway also recognizes environmental threats and the effect of pollution to sea life and is concerned about the IWC and it’s research on this topic. It’s once enemy, as mentioned, is Germany that invaded Norway in 1942. During this invasion, the British were one of Norway’s allies that helped it resist against Germany. Norway is not known for having enemies, but befriending each country, if it does have an enemy, it is most likely because that country has somehow harmed it.
Norway is not a war-making country, but a peacemaking one. It cares about world problems and has created mass organizations dealing with these problems, either trying to reduce or stop these world problems.
The Viking era marks the termination of the prehistoric period in Norway. The Vikings came on peaceful errand, to trade and to colonize. Norwegian Vikings settled in the Orkney Isles, the Shetlands, the Hebrides, and on the Isle of Man. The mainland of northern Scotland and Ireland also became their home, and Dublin, founded by the Vikings in the 840s, was under Nordic rule right up to 1171. In Iceland and Greenland the Norwegian Vikings found uninhabited land. There they settled and built communities. Now known as Iceland, it was a direct consequence of the Viking colonization. On Greenland, however, the Norse communities, for reasons unknown, died out some few centuries later.
The Norsemen, also known as Vikings, came mostly from the south and west of the country, where the land had been used to the maximum it could bear.
The Norwegian Vikings ravaged the coasts of northwest Europe from the 8th to the 11th century and were ruled by local chieftains. Olaf II Haraldsson became the first effective king of all Norway in 1015 and began converting the Norwegians to Christianity. After 1442, Danish kings ruled Norway until 1814, when it was united with Sweden—although containing a degree of independence and receiving a new constitution—in an uneasy partnership. In 1905, the Norwegian Parliament arranged a peaceful separation and invited a Danish prince to the Norwegian throne—King Haakon VII. A treaty with Sweden provided that all arguments be settled by compromise and that no battlements be assembled on the common boundary. The Viking Age finally ended in 1066 when the Norwegian King Harald Hardruler and his men were defeated at the Battle of Stamford Bridge in England.
When World War I broke out, Norway joined with Sweden and Denmark in a decision to remain neutral and to cooperate in the joint interest of the countries. In World War II, On April 9th, 1940, German air, land and sea forces invaded Denmark and Norway. There are three main reasons as to why Germany invaded Norway. (1) After World War I, an opinion had developed in the German naval command, which was that if the German Fleet had bases in Norway and had not been limited up in the North Sea that war might have gone differently for the Navy, and it would have meant German victory. Germany began to think that the advantages of owning Norway were substantial. So Norway can act as a base for the German fleet for this war. (2) Furthermore, of the approximately six million tons of Swedish magnetite iron ore which Germany imported annually, about half passed through the Norwegian ice-free port of Narvik. From Narvik, as long as Norway remained neutral, ore ships could travel safely in the Leads, the passage inside the numberless islands bordering the Norwegian West Coast. The aggressive position of especially Britain toward Norway, and the apparent weakness of the Norwegian defense and unwillingness of Norway to take fight to defend its neutrality convinced Hitler that there was a real threat toward the Iron ore supply from Sweden, which was very important to Germany at this stage of the war. (3) The one reason that most of the wars begin from-oil and coal. Thus Hitler decided that Germany would invade Norway.
As for Denmark, it offered only resistance and fell within a few days of the invasion, while the Norwegian armed forces attempted to resist the German attack. British, French and Polish forces participated in the struggle for Norway. France and Britain had made their own plans for Norway during the winter 1939-40, and it was their fortune (or misfortune) that it was Germany and not the Allies that came to stand as the invaders of Norway. The allies were first planning to invade Norway, but on the first day the British troops spotted the German invasion fleet although they didn’t recognize them as an invasion force.
The Allies, mainly British, managed to carry on the campaign in Norway by sinking a number of the German naval forces involved, and by sending ground forces into Norway itself to try to push back the Germans. The British defended Norway not because of their liking of it, but because of their oil, as mentioned Norway was neutral in WW1, therefore selling oil to both sides (Germans and British), making money. Both sides wanted to invade Norway because of this. Norway resisted for two months before the Nazis took complete control. King Haakon and his government fled to London, where they established a government-in-exile. Maj. Vidkun Quisling, who served as Norway's leader during the war, was the best known of the Nazi assistants. The word for traitor, quisling, bears his name. The Norwegians executed him on Oct. 24, 1945.
After that, in 1945, Norway joined the United Nations and in 1946 The Norwegian statesman Trygve Lie presided as first secretary-general of the UN. Following that in 1949 Norway became a member of NATO and in 1952 The Nordic Council, which promotes cooperation among the Nordic parliaments, is founded.
In 1968 Norway discovers oil in the North Sea and in 1971 North Sea oil production begins, transforming the Norwegian economy. The first referendum in Norway concerning membership in the European Economic Community returns a majority of NO-votes occurred in 1972. In 1981 Gro Harlem Brundtland becomes Norway's first female prime minister. And, sadly, in 1991 King Olav V dies and King Harald V ascends the throne. His wife, Queen Sonja, became the first queen of Norway since the death of Queen Maud in 1938. Norway, in 1993 made a second attempt to apply for EC membership, and Norway's Minister of Foreign Affairs Thorvald Stoltenberg is appointed peace negotiator to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Norway held the second referendum concerning EC membership, and a slight majority still holds the NO-vote. In 1994 Norway hosted the XVII Olympic Winter Games at Lillehammer. Norway had made two attempts to get to EU membership but failed, ironically it is now the leader of a little anti-euro organization with some Northern States.
A. The question of rising water levels due to the effects of global warming.
Global warming is defined as "An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere, especially a sustained increase sufficient to cause climatic change." The climate change discussed is rising water levels. The world is getting warmer and is warming rapidly in high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere. This could have significant effects on Norway. The main effects of global warming on Norway can be felt through the influence of air pressure, and can be seen through snow. Rising water levels can be caused from ice melting, which are caused by global warming. For Norway this is a problem, since it contains ice caps and valley glaciers. Yet somehow Norway itself is a part of this problem because of its decision of allowing the British Companies extract the petroleum from the North Sea, causing rising water levels.
In Norway, research related to climate change involves a range of various programs and projects since Norway may be the one causing the water level rising problem, and is involved significantly. One of the organizations it had created was Norway's International Arctic Science Committee. It has also established The Norwegian Climate and Ozone Research Program, which provide the framework for the main thrust of Norwegian research into future changes in global climate and the ozone layer. The program was established in 1989, and is run under the auspices of the Research Council of Norway.
B. The question of controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)- the disease that has killed thousands of people around the world, and has been the source of many people’s concern today. SARS originated in China, and had killed many people. But there was not a high rate, or maybe no rate at all, in Norway that shows the SARS is starting to spread there. Norway doesn’t have to do with SARS at all and is not related to it in any issue.
Though Norway isn’t related to SARS, it is conducting researches on death tolls of people who died from it. Norway is concerned about the safety of its people and agrees with whatever is done to stop spreading the virus and to control it. Norway supports the people who are working for the cure, and will not go against any type of investigation to find the cue for it.
C. The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.
War is a deadly matter, and is the main cause of destruction. Though Norway wasn’t involved in any type of war except when Germany invaded it, it is aware of how there tends to be food or water shortages during a war. Norway, as mentioned, doe not suffer from poverty, and is willing to help with sustenance matters to those who need it, although Norway itself has never needed any help since it did not go into any war or invasion for more than 60 years.
Norway is a peacemaking country, true. But it is more than prepared to aid those countries in need, whether it’s in cash, or in food and water. An example would be how Norway itself donated 99,468 dollars to the UN to secure food and water for the famine that happened in Africa. Norway agrees and encourages other nations to aid any program that is concerned with securing food and water, as it is prepared itself to do so.
D. The question of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East.
The issue of establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East was raised in the UN General Assembly in 1974, Since that time, the UN General Assembly has every year adopted a resolution recommending the establishment of such a zone. Norway, a member of the UN, supported that. Norway has friendly relationships with the Middle East, and agreed with nuclear free zones not only in the Middle East, but also throughout the world.
Norway was one of the many countries that supported the resolution of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East. Norway is a supporter of anything that brings peace, and basically whatever the UN decito do about nuclear free zones, Norway would agree if it would be beneficial. Norway was also in favor of The sixth perambulator paragraph of the draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/55/562) and in favor of Vote on Middle East Nuclear Proliferation
E. The question of guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba.
Human dignity is a central component in the policies of the Norwegian Government. Norway has a good relation with Cuba, and had more than once discussed matters with it. This matter doesn’t have a great impact on Norway but it does concern Norway if a person is not guaranteed his right, let alone a country. Norway believes no one should suffer, and promises Cuba an attempt to do something of this matter,
True to Norway’s promise it has asked Cuba to discuss human rights and reported that Cuba has agreed to wider human right dialogue. Norway, along with 21 countries, was in favor of a resolution on the situation of human right’s in Cuba. Norway is also waiting another resolution concerning alleviating suffering in Cuba, and this peacemaking country is very supportive of positive decisions about this situation.
Forum: General Assembly
Delegation: The Kingdom of Norway
Delegate: Anwar Al Muzaini
Question of: rising water levels due to the effects of global warming.
Defining global warming as an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere, especially a sustained increase sufficient to cause climatic change,
According to Environmental Support Solutions, INC… Impacts from global warming include sea level rise, more extreme weather events including heat waves, frosts, droughts, storms, extinction of species, loss of entire forests, marine life destruction, glacial disappearance, and damages ozone layer, and without the ozone layer, life on the Earth's surface would not be possible as it protects us from the damaging ultra-violet radiation of the sun,
Estimating that the amount of polar bear population is only between 22,000 and 27,000, By that they are few throughout the world and are endangered, the polar bears in eastern Greenland and on Svalbard, off the northern coast of Norway, are the most endangered bears in the Arctic due to rising water levels caused from ice melting and that the polar bear is a slow breeder, Norway suffering global warming problems will destroy them,
Concerned that in the early 1980s forecasters were predicting a 100-year sea level rise of 23 to 26 feet and will continue increasing, causing our land to be totally covered with water causing our death, this research was provided by the NCPA (National Center For Policy Analysis) which is a nonprofit, nonpartisan public policy research organization, established in 1983,
Applauding Norway’s Center for International Climate and Environmental Research in Oslo (Cicero) for being involved with water level rising due to global warming and whose mandate is to conduct research and provide information about issues of climate change, not to mention The Norwegian Climate and Ozone Research Program, and the Norway's International Arctic Science Committee, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for it continuous efforts towards decreasing global warming that causes water levels to rise, and the US. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) for coordinating the world's most extensive research effort on climate change,
Recalling the Kyoto protocol (and treaty) to the United Nations (UN) on climate change, and the conference held 1-10 December 1997, and one in July 2001, discussing it.... The Kyoto protocol is a legally binding international agreement that will commit industrialized countries to reduce emissions of the six greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydro fluorocarbons, per fluorocarbons, and sulfur dioxide,
Regrets the US position on the Kyoto protocol,
Proud that in May 2002 all 15 European Union states ratified the Kyoto Protocol,
Bearing in mind the new document "US Climate Action Report 2002" where President Bush repeated again the seriousness of climate change and ordered a Cabinet-level review of US climate change policy, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which is the international treaty unveiled at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio Summit) in June 1992,
Keeping in mind the IPCC projects a global temperature increase of anywhere from 1.4 - 5.8°C from 1990-2100,
1 Resolves the formation of the United Nations Anti Global Warming Association (UNAGMA), which will be a sub association of the United Nation’s Environment Program (UNEP);
2 Declares that the location of UNAGMA would be in Oslo, Norway, not to mention branches in various spots around the world where global warming and water level rise will most be affected by it (ex. Norway, Greenland) and New York City where the UN headquarters is and the association will perform the following: A. Hire only the most advanced, professional scientists and professors to deal with issues, environment ministers of various countries will act as representations of their country in order to express their opinion and hold various conferences throughout the year discussing: B. Assess the issue in general, the evidence, the sun's variation, and possible moves, C. Consider distinctive ways to get renewable energy sources, and think of the best way to meet the country’s energy needs which is through renewable energy, energy efficiency standards and more fuel-efficient cars, minivans (introduce this idea to countries who don't have this system of renewable energy and letting countries that do have this system to encourage other nations to do so, they will benefit because global warming affects the world) D. Discus finding renewable sources reduce extracting petroleum from the sea, reminding countries that rely on it that impact of global warming will eventually bury their land with water E. Conduct research on the nature of polar bear’s, their breed, and observe their behavior to determine how they will be and are affected by global warming F. Do whatever possible to reduce this increasing issue;
3. Further resolves that the United Nations Foundation and the Global Environment Facility supply all funds necessary for this association;
4. Publicizes this problem and association by means of TV and fliers everywhere, by handing fliers and by allowing all programs such as the national geographic channel to introduce this program.
5. Advises schools to add environmental courses in their curriculum, if they don’t already, to discuss environment issues and to emphasize importance of global warming and it’s results to mankind, representatives will also supply the funds for an environmental program if the representative thinks it's necessary, judging by: A. Size of school, B. Amount of students, C. Existing programs,D. Amount of money already in the budget., not to mention the UNAGMA website which will spread all results of conferences and documents published;
6. Advises sending a representatives of this association to the various spots of the world where it is believed to be a good source of global warming, judging by the amount of pollution, it’s location (directly below the ozone layer, such as the problem in Australia, or lies alongside the sea) and the amount of greenhouse gas it emits;
7. Announces it’s disappointment at President Bush’s rejection of the Kyoto Protocol, and asks President Bush to reconsider, as it’s abandoning will: A. Postpone international action to combat climate change for years B. Not help the effort of reducing emission gasses as: C. Acknowledge the US accounts for a large part of world emissions. (36% of gas emissions throughout the world);
8. Calls for an international policy that will reduce all emissions of the six greenhouse gases causing global warming, reminding that the Kyoto Protocol is the only global effort to address climate change.
9. Asks countries to supply a $1,000 million annual fund to help developing countries deal with the consequence of giving up carbon dioxide (lowering their economy) that will encourage other countries to also do the same, representatives that will be send out to the various countries, as mentioned above, will supple these funds to the countries;
10. Urges parliamentary and congressional representatives to support the resolution;
11. Notes with alarm countries that cause most gas emissions that are causing global warming to pass the resolutions and to reduce these emissions, these countries include: A. U.S.A: 22.04 per capita per year emission, B. Australia: 17.31 per capita per year emission, C. Canada: 16.32 per capita per year emission, D. Japan: 10.16 per capita per year emission.
Honorable chair, Fellow Delegates and distinguished guests,
Welcome to the land of the Vikings, the land of the midnight sun, the peaceful land that won Nobel Prize for peace. Ladies and gentlemen Velkommen Til Norge
Welcome to Norway! Here the terrain ranges from soaring coastal peaks to vast boreal forests. Adventurous travelers can journey further north to the Svalbard archipelago, where seals, walruses and polar bears sun themselves on ice floes
Global warming is a big environmental issue. Within years, every land may be covered with water. This problem is currently increasing, causing our beautiful glaciers to melt and damaging ozone layer. With glaciers and snow melting, what will happen to our beloved polar bears in the South? It will cause its immediate extinction causing us to lose one of our species. Norway urges all nations present here today to take this matter into due consideration, being aware that if this problem is not solved it will cause mass destruction everywhere.
Takk (thank you).