Country: The Palestinian
Liberation Organzation



Event: Pearl-MUN 2003

Student:
Mohammad Ben Essa




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Palestine (boundaries under dispute)




The Palestinian National Anthem



Original Arabic words



English Transliteration

My country


My country , my country
My country, the land of my grand fathers
My country, my country
My country, my nation, the nation of eternity

With my determination, my fire and the volcano of my revenge
The longing of my blood to my land and home
I have climbed the mountains and fought the wars
I have conquered the impossible, and crossed the frontiers
My country, my country, the nation of eternity
With the resolve of the winds and the fire of the guns
And the determination of my nation in the land of struggle
Palestine is my home, Palestine is my fire,
Palestine is my revenge and the land of eternal
My country, my country, the nation of eternity

I swear under the shade of the flag
To my land and nation, and the fire of pain
I will live as a guerrilla, I will go on as guerrilla,
I will expire as guerrilla until I will be back
My country, my country, the nation of eternity





Country Profile


Political Structure:

The Palestinian Authority (PA) is divided into different sectors, some of the most important parts are the President, Ministry of Justice, ministry of Finance, ministry of labour, ministry of health, ministry of education, and Palestine National Fund, the most recent Palestinian president, that is part of the Palestinian Authority (PA) is Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian Authority is a type of government for Palestine since Palestine is a small land.

 

Geography:

Palestine, currently under occupation, is located on the East coast of the Mediterranean Sea, West of Jordan and to the south of Lebanon. The territory of Palestine covers around 10,435 square miles. Out of this territory, there are 10,163 square miles of land area. The rest is water: half of the area of the Dead Sea al-BaHr al-Mayyit, Huleh Lake BuHayrat al-Huuleh which was dried by the occupation and Tiberias Lake BuHayrat Tabariyyah which is also known as the Sea of Galilee BaHr al-jaliil. Palestine can be divided into four main distinct regions that are costal and Inner plains, Mountains and Hills, Jordan Valley and Ghawr, and the last but not least the Southern Desert

 

Natural Resources:

Natural resources in the Palestinian Engaged Territories that are under constant pressure from water pollution, climate change, and land poverty, since Palestine does not have a large amount of land there are not much of natural resources that only land that Palestine has and formed a government in it is the Gaza strip. Most of the natural resources are the Potash, barite, and other several useful minerals in Dead Sea water. Most of the resources that are in Palestine (Gaza strip) are taken over by the Israeli government, and the only mining resources in the territories are areas of construction-quality limestone and marble, and sand and gravel deposits.

 

Cultural Factors:

As for Palestine there have never been an accurate number Palestinian people. At the beginning there were 700,000 people living in Palestine, what is known as Israel. These were divided into Muslims (574,000), Christians (70,000) and Jews (56,000). Almost all the Palestinian Christians are Arabs and most of the Jews as well. Then as time passed by and the Jewish gradually started taking over Palestine the amount has increased to approximately 25,000 to 600,000, eventually comprising some 33% of the country's population.

 

Defense:

Palestine does not have any Military Structure, Dependence on Other Nations, and Membership in Alliances

 

Economy:

The Palestinian economy has been operating far below constructive capacity since the rising in September 2000 because of political shakiness and economic sanctions forced by Israel. Palestinian Authority officials, economists and trade claim that Israeli military ways had been forced on the West Bank and Gaza Strip therefore it has damaged the Palestinian economy, especially the private sector and the daily life of the population.

The Israeli measures leave without more than half a million Palestinian workers from reaching their work at Palestinian factories that produce different kinds of products that support the Palestinian economy. Before the outbreak of the intifada, 120,000 Palestinians worked in Israel and 500,000 more worked in the private sector in areas such as construction, agriculture and industry in the Palestinian territories. After the violence had increased in a large amount, in particular the Palestinian suicide bombings in Israel, Israel closed its borders, reduced the number of Palestinian workers and forced boundaries on their entrance into Israel. I quote from the Palestinian Authority employment department "that about 10,000 workers from the Gaza Strip and few hundred workers from the West Bank have work permits and have been able very recently, to work in Israel."

As the armed and bombing attacks in the Palestinian territories and into Israel increased, Israel imposed curfews which lead to the unemployment rate to boost up 70%, and made more than half of the population live under the poverty line.

 

History:

The British government issued the Balfour Declaration on November, 1917, in the form of a letter to a British leader from the far-off secretary Arthur J. Balfour: "His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best actions to ease the achievement of this object.

In Palestine, Arab protests against partition erupted in violence, with attacks on Jewish settlements in retaliation to the attacks of Jews terrorist groups to Arab Towns and villages and butchery in hundred against unarmed Palestinian in there homes, that soon led to a war. The British generally refused to interfere, concentrating on leaving the country no later than August, 1948, before the war began 800,000 people used to live in Palestine who held territories, but after the war all of them left except 170,000 stayed, and the others became refugees in other Arab countries.

The Palestine Liberation Organization was established. On January 1965 The Palestine 'Revolution' began. In 1982 Israel launched an invasion of Lebanon aimed at wiping out the PLO presence there. By mid-August, after intensive fighting in and around Beirut, the PLO agreed to withdraw itself from the city. Israeli troops remained in southern Lebanon, however, and the cost of the war and following occupation drained the already troubled Israeli economy.

Relations between Israel and the Palestinians entered a new phase in the late 1980s with the intifada, a series of uprisings in the occupied territories that included demonstrations, strikes, and rock throwing attacks on Israeli soldiers. The harsh response by the Israeli government drew criticism from both the United States and the UN.

In1988, Abu Jihad, Palestinian leader, was gunned down in his home in Tunis by the Israeli Mossad. There was a meeting took place in Algiers and it had declared the State of Palestine as outlined in the UN Partition Plan 181, and a flag for the new state (Palestine) is presented. The new state is recognized only by states that have not recognized Israel. Later British Junior Foreign Minister William Waldegrave met with Bassam Abu Sharif President Arafat's adviser, thus upgrading Britain's relations with the PLO.

The first inclusive peace talks between Israel and delegations representing the Palestinians and neighbouring Arab states began in October 1991. After Likud lost the parliamentary election of June 1992, Labour party leader Yitzhak Rabin formed a new government.

 

 

 

Policy Statements

 

A. The question of rising water levels due to the effects of global warming.

The rising water levels due to the effects of global warming is an important issue, the weather is a big issue, as for some countries the weather is always hot therefore they suffer lacking of water, and water is a vital source to a human body and in a humans life.

As for Palestine is surely due lack of water, Palestine as itís known it has a hot climate all the year, and some cold days. Palestine has a lot of agriculture but due to the hot weather and the low water levels it cannot proceed to getting what they need, because they lack on water. This could affect Palestine in a lot of ways; with the rising of water levels Palestine could have a good agriculture and it would be greener.

 

B. The questions of controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it.

As its known SARS is a disease that is spreading really fast around the world, SARS is a disease that is mo3adii, you can even get SARS by talking to a person who has SARS, SARS is like a long influenza, but the only difference is that after several days or months the person that is infected will die, SARS first began in Canada Toronto, then it has moved to other countries around the world, and know there are a lot of people that are infected with SARS and there was more than 19 death since the beginning of the spread of SARS.

As a Palestinian Organization, and a Middle Eastern country SARS did not reach us yet, but it will one day, it is true that there is no cure for SARS and whoever gets it, sooner or later die, but there are quarantine. A quarantine is life a closed area for people that are infected with mo3adii disease, so they would place the person with SARS in a quarantine and they would not allow anyone to visit them, until they die, and that is what they would do to them till they find a cure, that would solve the problem, and by the time it reaches the Middle East section the cure will be out.

 

C. The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.

Food and water are vital thing in life and without them no one will survive, you need food and water everyday to live, and some countries are just suffering from this issue, people are dieing daily from this huge dilemma, securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine is a good idea that some nations are working on right now, food and water not only keeps you alive it also gives you energy to even walk. A lot of countries are in war right now and sadly they are suffering from famine and they are dieing especially during war.

The Palestinian organization has starved due to food shortage during war and hard time, Israeli government gave us limited amount of food during the war, and the war still goes on but we are not short on food as we were, we suffered, we begged, we even cried to have a piece of rice in our mouths, Palestinian Organization thinks that every country should have a storage under ground or and safe place to keep food and drinks that would keep them alive for a year or two during hard time.

 

D. The question of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East.

Creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East is a very good idea, but it needs a lot of work. Not all Middle Eastern countries carry nuclear weapon that would support them during war, and not all Middle Eastern countries even have weapons to use in wars, we are Arab countries and as Arab countries we should work together and help each other out and not fire each other with highly technological weapons, we should work together to defeat other countries. We should help each other, all the Middle East countries are going in different direction, look at Palestine it is no longer a country its just a strip called "GAZA" the Israeli took it away from us by the help of the United States, help us get our country back.

Middle East is not yet a nuclear free zone but soon it will be, it will use the nuclear weapons not on its fellow countries but not enemies, and we will be strong when we united. Palestine has not nuclear weapons its does not have any weapons at all. War will never stop in Palestine and Israel until one is vanished, Israel has a lot of weapons that could just wipe out the Gaza strip, and these weapons to us Palestine are very dangerous since we have no weapons at all, and this terrorises us, until we reach a peace treaty nothing will change.

 

E. The question of guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba.

Guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba, human rights is an important issue and every human being must have his/her rights, it is not fair that a person does not get his rights, because human right are very important in many different ways. As we all know there is a lot of suffering in Cuba, and no human being has to suffer except if they do something against the law or something wrong.

As a Palestinian Organization I should care less about an issue in Cuba, as a Middle Eastern and Muslim organization I do not like Cuba, so I do not even care whether Cubans get their rights or whether the suffering in Cuba should be less because it is hard on them, it is true that a person should not be responsible on other people issues. Palestinian people have no rights because itís a small country, and if people have their rights nothing would work, because Palestine is suffering from a lot of problems that are going on right know, and human being having their rights is not one on the agenda. And Palestine is really suffering economically but as I mentioned they have bigger problems.

 

 

 

Resolution



Mohammed Al-Essa

Forum: GA (General Assembly)

Country: PLO

Issue: The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.

Defining food as "Material, usually of plant or animal origin that contains or consists of essential body nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals, and is ingested and assimilated by an organism to produce energy, stimulate growth, and maintain life,"

Defining water as "clear, colorless, odourless, and tasteless liquid, H2O, essential for most plant and animal life and the most widely used of all solvents,"

Defining Famine as "A drastic, wide-reaching food shortage,"

Bearing in mind that an entire generation has grown up in a country so ravaged by war that hundreds die of starvation every day, and that is according to worldwide disaster aid and information via the internet,

Aware that the United Nations (UN) has estimated that 200 Angolans die each day because there is not enough water, food and medicine to help everyone in need, according to www.un.org,

Having studied that during a war one of the bombing campaigns killed tens of thousands of defenceless soldiers, cut off from most of their food, water and other supplies, and left them in desperate and helpless disarray, and that s according to www.cnn.com,

Recognizing that over one hundred thousand people have died after the war from dehydration, diseases, and malnutrition caused by impure water, inability to obtain effective medical assistance and debilitation from hunger, shock, cold and stress, according to the wisdom fund,

Taking into consideration that more people will die during wars until potable water, sanitary living conditions, adequate food supplies and other necessities are provided according to Dr. Francis A. Boyle,

Taking note that some countries have suffered civil war, famine, and economic hardship, as well as the collapse of the country's government, and that is according to www.cnn.com,

Having adopted that in a certain country the government is tempting for international aid to ease a famine which has reached crisis level. But even as the countries economic and social problems multiply, the fighting continue, according to www.cnnnews.com,

Keeping in mind that even though the country is already on the edge of famine they continue to fight and they will not stop until one of them wins, according to www.cnn.com,

1. Resolves the formation of the UNOSF (The United Nations Organizations for Securing Food) which will be in charge for every thing that is mentioned in this resolution;

2. Draws attention to the fact that the headquarters of this organization will be determined by the United Nations after the resolution is passed;

3. Encourages that the UNOSF will supply all what is needed for a country,
A. Food for the countries that are in need during or after war or a time of famine and the amount of food will cover up the countries need until the country get back on their feet,
B. Water that would be transferred in a reasonable way that would fit the countries need for an equitable time, and would prevent the people from thirst, because thirst usually leads to dehydration and later on death, and the UNOSF will transfer water from nearby country to the country that needs it by paying them a reasonable amount,
C. Storage will be provided by the UNOSF, there will be an adequate storage places were they can store food and water during war time, so they would not starve and die, some storage places would be dug under ground and others would be in a safe shelter;

4. Calls upon an agreement that would be reached upon neighbouring to share a source of water in instance of any emergency where water runs out unexpectedly, or the country suddenly runs out of water and the water level goes down, so the country would allow the neighbouring country to use the water source for a limited amount or time until the country thatís suffering from water shortage would be back to normal;

5. Requests that each country secure food and water, in case of any thing happens where the country runs out of food and water there would be famine, and deaths, so if a country secures food and water it would be ready for anything famine or war;

6. Recommends that all country would allow the UNOSF to position more storages and they would be confidential where food and water is safe and secure and no one would know where these storages are, but when the food and water are strongly needed the UNOSF will announce where it is, because if everybody knows where it is then the food and water that is stored will run really fast;

7. Urges that UNOSF and the help of the country to alert the people with the effect of starvation and thirst during war and the affect of famine on people that would all lead to death, so the people would be aware and they would store food in set of circumstances that is would run out;

8. Resolves that this resolution would pass by the delegates so it would tackle this problem and it would stop the death of more people because people are dying daily from hunger, starvation, and even thirst.

 

 

 

Opening Speech



Honorable Chair, Fellow Delegates, and most distinguished guests (Salaam waálaikom) may Allah bless you with happiness and peace, ladies and gentlemen, my peoples peace is the sweet release of death, peace (laughter)! Peace I do not even believe in this word anymore, can you hear the screeches and cries of help, can you smell the decades of blood in the atmosphere, can you taste the bitterness of the people, can you see the anger in their eyes. I did not come here for you, ladies and gentlemen, to touch me with all your pathetic pities and sympathies.

My country wants its freedom! It wants the chance to see smiles, to love, to know what freedom is, our children have no smiles, all they have is rocks to defend themselves. Our women no longer have voices they lost them from their unnoticed please of help. And our man, no longer have their rights they were stripped away by the Blue red and white barbarians and the blue, white with a star savages. So please ladies and gentlemen, do not expect the Palestinian Liberation Organization to just sit still, because even though I am here right now, my peopleís cries echo in my ears, and my heart, and may Allah the merciful spare you from echoing these cries in your soul. And know Iím supposed to lead a moment of silent, but Iím not because silence is some countries disease.