Country: South Korea (The Republic of Korea)
Event: Pearl-MUN 2003
Student: Yousef Al Qaoud
Links to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2002-2003 Team page
The republic of Korea (conventional short form: South, Korea)(abbreviation ROK), runs a republic government. The chief of state (president) is elected by popular vote for a single five-year election, last held 19 December 2002. The present chief of state is President ROH Muh-hyun who has been in office since the 25th of February 2003, the next election is planned to be in December 2007. The president is part of the Millennium Democratic Party (MDP), which the country thinks will gain power after being under the leadership of the new president. The head of government: Prime Minister KO Kun assigned 27 Feb. 2003; Deputy Prime Minister KIM chim-yo assigned 27 Feb. 2003. The State Council of the Republic Of Korea is assigned by the president, based on the Prime Ministerís recommendation. Prime Minister is appointed by the president, Deputy Prime Minister is appointed by the president on the Prime Ministerís recommendation.
South Koreaís political parties: The Democratic Peoples Party or DPP [CHO sun, chairman]; the Grand National Party or NGP [YI Hoe-chang, president]; and the Millennium Democratic Party or MDP [leader NA]; United Liberal Democrats or ULD [KIM Chong-p'il, honorary chairman, KIM Chong-ho, acting president]. On the 20th of January 2000, the National Congress for New Politics or NCNP was renamed to the Millennium Democratic Party or MDP.
South Koreas area is 98,500 sq. km., which is about the size of India, land (98,190 sq. km.), water (290 sq. km.). South Koreaís capital is Seoul. Climate: temperate, with rainfalls heavier in summer than in winter.
Location: Eastern Asia, Southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea. Land boundaries: border boundaries: North Korea (238 km.); coastline: 2,413m. South Korea is mostly hills and plains, and is in a strategic location on Korea Strait.
South Koreaís natural resources are: coal, lead, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, hydropower potential.
South Korea is a republic that exports commodities to many other countries, which is a source of major income. South Koreas export partners: US 20.7%, China 12.1%, Japan 11.0%, Hong Kong 6.3%, and Taiwan 3.9%. South, Koreas Exports are: textiles, clothing, footwear and fish. South Korea also imports many crops and such as: oil, steel, transport equipment, textiles, organic chemicals, and grains. The republics Import Partner Countries are: Japan 18.9%, US 15.9%, China 9.4%, Saudi Arabia 5.7%, Australia 3.9% (2001).
South Koreas population is 48,324 million July 9, 2002 est.). This large number gets divided into 5 religions, which are: Christianity 49%; Buddhist 47% (are South Koreas two dominant religions); Confucianism 3%; Shamanism; Chondogyo which is know to be the religion of the heavenly way; and other 1%. South Koreaís population is one of the most ethnically and linguistically homogenous populations in the world, except for a small ethnic group, the Chinese community, which is about 20,000 people. Most of the Koreans share a common cultural and linguistic heritage. South Korea has one of the worldís highest population densities. South Korea is experiencing one of the largest rates of emigration.
The language spoken and written by the Koreans is similar to the Japanese and Chinese language, but English is being taught as a second language in most primary and intermediate schools.
The key minister of the Defense department is, Lee Jun. In South Korea the defense departments are: Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, National Maritime Police (Coast Guard), and all these departments in the South Korean defense accept men from the age of 15, until the age of 49.
From 14,194,960 (2002 est.) defensemen, only 8,990,488 (2002 est.) men are fit to be in the Military Man Power Military. South Korea spends $12.8 billion (FY00) for its military and defense, which in percentage would be 2.8% (FY00) from the GPD. Several American military troops are placed around South Korea and itís borders facing North Korea for the safe of the country and people. South Koreas president has attended and planned for meetings with the North Korean president trying to negotiate and settle on a decision about North Koreas threats to South Korea.
South Korea has a budget of $118.1 billion (revenues), and $95.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $22.6 billion (expenditures). The debt-external of the South Korean republic is $128.2 billion. The South Korean currency is the South Korean won (KRW) and the currencyís symbol is: KRW.
South Koreas major Export countries are: US 20.7%, China 12.1%, Japan 11.0%, Hong Kong 6.3%, and Taiwan 3.9%; and the republics major Import countries are: Japan 18.9%, US 15.9%, China 9.4%, Saudi Arabia 5.7%, Australia 3.9%. The republics Gross Domestic Product or its GDP is, purchasing power parity- $19,400. South Koreas major Export industries produce: Electronics, automobile production, chemicals, ship building, steel, textiles, clothing, footwear, and food processing.
The republic exports, $159.2 billion (2002 est.), and it imports $146.6 billion (2002 est.), which is $12.6 billion less than it exports.
Views on world problems:
Although South Korea has relationships with many countries for its economy (export and imports) it doesnít really have many political relations with other countries except for the US, Japan, China, and North Korea which it has problems with since it became a single country.
China, Japan, and the US are all South Koreaís allies, the US is currently providing South Korea with military help because of the nuclear threats itís getting from North Korea while Japan does not wish to be part of any military issues. South Korea is now a better place and country from North Korea but itís getting lots of nuclear threats from its neighbor North Korea. Day after day both the Southern part of Korea and its Northern part are trying to get to a resolution that solves there problems together, both countries are trying hard but the results werenít that good! So North Korea is still counted as South Koreaís enemy. Currently South Korea is a member of the United Nations and many other world wide organizations.
On August 15, 1948 the Republic of Korea was established, with Syngam Rhee as the first president. On September 9, 1948, the Democratic Peopleís Republic of Korea was established under Kim II sung. After World War II, a republic was established in the southern half of Korea with a republican government while the other half of Korea (the Northern half) had its own Communist-style government. A war between both the Southern half of Korea and the Northern half of Korea took place in 1950 and lasted until 1953. The US and other UN forces were sent to South Korea to help it fight back the North Korean attacks supported by the Chinese.
After the war was put to an end, the republic of South Korea achieved rapid economic growth with an income rising to roughly 20 times the level of North Korea and equal to the lesser economies of the European Union. The South Korean republic has maintained its commitment to democratize its political processes. In January 2000 a historic first north-south summit had taken place between the Southís President KIM Dae-jung and North Koreaís Leader KIM Chong-il trying to make both the countries relations better, but no great results were seen. South Korea is now facing nuclear threats from North Korea, and the situation is not getting any better.
A. Rising levels and Global Warming
The whole world and especially islands and countries surrounded by seas and oceans are concerned about the question of rising water level due to the effects of global warming. Since the global Warming of earth is growing heat more and more it caused the gigantic Icebergs in the poles to melt, and as a result of that, the level of water is rising. Icebergs have been melting from all around the place like Antarctica's 720-billion-ton Larsen B Ice Shelf, and scientists say that Franceís Ross Ice Shelf that had a big dramatic effect on global climate. Such changes in the water levels can cause to severe damage like destroying peopleís houses that live by the sea and cause severe mud slides. The Global warming which is growing hotter day after day makes insect diseases more dangerous and now with all this heat insect diseases threaten affecting half the world. Scientists think this is a wake up call for what might seem to be a bigger problem.
South Korea has held some protests as did many other countries like the US and the Netherlands discussing the question of rising water level do to the effect of global warming trying to settle on an action or come up with one that might work and effect to the better. Hoping for the best South Korea met with many countries not only to protest but also to discuss this problem and some of those countries are as follows: the US, the Netherlands, Japan, China. These countries and several others hadnít settle on a course of action yet, or otherwise the process would have bin begun. South Korea is part of the United Nations Environment agency.
B. The SARS Epidemic
With the coming of 2003 and its fun also came a dangerous infectious disease called the SARS. What causes SARS? Scientists at CDC (The Center for Disease Control) a laboratory for advanced science researches and experiments, and other laboratories have detected a previously unrecognized corona virus in patients with SARS. This new corona virus is the leading hypothesis for the cause of SARS; in other words, this corona virus is what scientists think caused SARS. Spreading all around Asia the SARS has infected many people in China, Japan and other Asian countries, but China was the hardest case.
Luckily South Korea hasnít had one case of SARS in it and itís hoping not to. And in order for the country not to get infected with SARS it had to carry out some actions like isolating any person that has SARS in the country from all the other people, which wasnít done because the country has no cases of SARS. Secondly the country stopped all its merchandise from all countries that have cases of SARS. The country also stopped any one with SARS from entering it. South Korea like all the other countries in Asia is taking all the actions needed to keep this case out of its borders. People predict that South Korea hasnít had a case of SARS in it because the South Koreans eat "KIM CHEE", which is a South Korean delight rich with garlic. This conclusion was come up to because another country that had lots of garlic meals didnít get SARS although it is too close to the countries with that case.
C. Securing Food and Water in Times of Warfare and Famine
The question of securing food, water and supplies for countries in need or if any time in danger or in war is important to take into consideration so whenever a country needs food, it has it ready and in piles enough for the whole country for a certain period of time which is kind of like a type of safety drill for countries.
South Korea is or was part of the World Food Summit that had this question or issue included in it as and issue to be discussed and no specific resolution or action was brought out and carried out. South Korea is or had hidden or saved a big amount of food for itís people in the times of needs especially now that it might face a war soon with itís neighbor North Korea ((a Nuclear War.)) So for the safety of the South Koreans big portions and amounts of food have been saved for when needed, hoping never.
D. Construction of a Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in the Middle East
The issue of establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East was raised in the UN General Assembly in 1974 by Iran supported by Egypt. And after that year, the UN discussed this topic each year to try and accomplish such a zone. In 1988, the UN Secretary General initiated a study on effective and verifiable measures, which would facilitate the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. Several nuclear projects were carried out to see how the situation would turn out to be, and members of the UN suggested that only Israel could have and own nuclear weapons in the Middle East. On the other hand Iraq was a country that owned multi-billion nuclear weapons for four years and it demanded to destroy all that had to do with these weapons and destroy the weapons there self once the US put pressure on it.
South Korea had nothing to do with this Issue not even contributing ideas or plans being a country that has no nuclear weapons while its neighbor North Korea has nuclear weapons and it is holding a threat to South Korea. South Korea would like there to be a no nuclear weapon zone since itís also a peace making country that doesnít like wars.
E. Promoting Human Rights and Alleviating Suffering in Cuba
Cuba is a country with suffering people and a country of countless problems over human rights. The Cuban Foreign Minister Felipe Perez Roque stated that Havana will take its own resolutions on the issue to the commissions annual session slated for April in Geneva, in his return from Japan, China, and a few other Asian countries. The following countries all voted against Cuba: Bhutan, Burundi, China, Cuba, India, Indonesia, Liberia, Madagascar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Russia, Sudan, Tunisia, Venezuela and Zambia. While, the following countries just abstained: Bangladesh, Botswana, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, the Philippines, Mauritius, Mexico, Nepal, Qatar, Rwanda, Senegal, Sri Lanka and Swaziland.
South Korea believes and wishes for peace, So last year South Korea voted in favor of the condemnation of Cuba in the Human Rights Commission along with the following countries: Canada, Chile, the Czech Republic, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guatemala, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Luxembourg, Morocco, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Argentina, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Delegation of South Korea
Delegate: Yousef Al Qaoud
Question: of the spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Defining SARS, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, as a fatal disease as of yet, and it is rapidly spreading across the world, reaching nations in Europe, North America, and other Asian nations according to world wide media,
Deeply Concerned that SARS is spreading widely across nations over borders to new countries day by day,
Noting with deep concern that the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or (SARS) is resulting in the suffering of people in many ways: A. Hard coughing, B. Isolating the patients with SARS from other human kinds (friends, family, etc.), which definitely makes it even harder for the people with this fatal disease, C. Death,
Bringing to attention that the SARS is closing down or stopping many businesses and trading plans between countries or in a county, afraid that the soled units might contain the disease and spread it around to the people,
In need for more organizationís support and help, world wide, to try stop this disease from spreading more,
1) Urges the formation of a special Medical Center/Resort isolated from residential areas occupied with: A. Right and proper medical tools needed, B. Proper medications, C. Modern hospital facilities with doctors, D. Special doctors who can deal with the case, E. Special Nurses chosen by doctors for doctors help, F. Teams of scientists to try and find a cure for this killer disease;
2) Confirms each country will pick its best doctors whom may have the ability to control the disease, not choosing the doctors by signing or any other way which would including hiring by: A. Their past record in medicine (good or bad, how many cases cured), B. Type of medicine majored in, C. Ability to deal with the case and those who know how to keep it away from themselves by working with the prey of SARS doctors might get the case, D. If they have they not dealt with SARS recently, if yes then better chosen for the resort;
3) Affirms that the doctors, nurses, scientists working on the case in this resort that will be built in many countries will get paid higher than they usually get for working with such a dangerous and threatening disease,
4) Confirms that each country able to help with this resolution should not hesitate in any way like: A. Giving money contributions for research, B. Supporting medicine, C. Contributing medical tools needed or might be needed, etc.,
5) Further Resolves and asks all doctors to make sure people with the case of SARS should get plenty of food that has a big portion of garlic to it except for those who are allergic to Garlic or who have any other medical problems with Garlic, believing that garlic might be the reason why no SARS has been found in South Korea,
6) States that South Korea is a country surrounded by SARS effected countries but it is still known to be SARS free, and people believe it is all the "Garlic" the South Koreans eat that has been keeping SARS out of the country,
7) Requests and Urges all countries to cooperate in any possible way to help seize, stop, and destroy this fatal killing disease!
From the country of hope and hard work, the country where a better generation, a greater generation is being born and raised day by day for a better and brighter future. I greet you, from South Korea, where with hope and hard work, we believe all goals can be accomplished and brought to reality because it is with us where there are no barriers that can hold back your imagination and dreams resulting with some of the world best selling merchandise hear from our lands leaving to the worlds greatest fellow countries.
South Korea luckily and thanks to god had no case of SARS in it or enter it, which is a great thing for us since most of our neighbors have got the case in large numbers. This topic or issue is whatís concerning us most because were trying to keep the SARS out of South Korea, while there is a large chance we might get the SARS since we are neighbors with countries who have got it.