Country: the United States of America
Pearl MUN 2003, GA
Student: Fatema Al BoukadourLinks to other sites on the Web: Back to the 2002-2003 Team page
The United States of America is the world's leading democracy. It promotes, encourages, and endorses democracy. Hence, it's a federal republic, divided into three main branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. Its legislative system comprises of a bicameral Congress which consists of the Senate (100 seats) and the House of Representatives (435 seats). As for the power of the Congress, it is very high. Whenever there is war to be declared or deployment of troops, the President must have the Congress's support. If the Congress votes on its failure, it fails. However, usually the dominating party in the Congress is that of the President, so there aren't many cases where the Congress opposes the President. There are currently two dominating parties, the Republican and the Democratic, with the Green party aside with little influence. There hasn't been a very strong domination of either of the two strong parties: the Republican and the Democratic. Both have had ups and downs during their ruling period, and both introduced new and effective systems.
Regarding the last 13 years, the Republican Party was in office when Iraq invaded Kuwait. Then came 8 years of Democratic rule where Palestinians and Israelis reached a peace agreement, and the economy flourished. Speaking about the economy, the Democrats are more in favor of greater influence of the government, while the Republicans are more to the free market, although both are relatively close to each other. However, this doesn't mean that the economy flourished because of the Democratic policies, rather it is because of the natural, business cycle of the economy, where there are ups and downs.
As for its executive branch, the current president (and head of government) of the U.S.A. is George W. Bush with Dick Cheney as his vice. They are elected though a system of college of representatives who are elected directly from each state. They serve for a four-year term. The Cabinet is appointed by the president but needs Senate approval, with a newly created ministry, after the 11th of September attacks, named Homeland Security to deal with national security.
As for the judicial system, it consists of the Supreme Court (its nine justices are appointed for life by the president with confirmation by the Senate), United States Courts of Appeal, United States District Courts, and State and County Courts. The U.S.A.'s constitution is based on the English common law. The original draft was in 1787, then the Bill of Rights was added in 1791, and from then there has been several amendments.
The United States is one of the largest countries in the world. It lies in North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, and is between Canada and Mexico, with a total area of 9,629,091 sq. km that includes 50 states. Itís the world's third largest country in size and population. Its climate is mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, Arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm Chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains. Its terrain includes a vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east, rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska, and rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii. Hence, it has a lot of natural hazards such as volcanoes, and earthquake activity around Pacific Basin, hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts, tornadoes in the Midwest and southeast, mud slides in California, forest fires in the west, and floods.
Luckily, the US is remarkably rich in natural resources as its climate encourages an assorted collection of crops and forest products. The Corn Belt is the largest area of prime farmland in the world. Substantial mineral deposits are present within the countryís borders including more than a fifth of the worldís coal. In addition, the US also is home to these natural possessions: copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas and timber. Regardless of its wealth, the US cannot produce all the resources needed by it vast industrial economy. The US imports more than 80% of its bauxite, magnesium, platinum, tin and tungsten. Fortunately, agricultural exports have helped balance the US with its mineral imports. Some notable agricultural products are: wheat, other grains, corn, fruits, vegetables, cotton; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; forest products; fish. The US exports agricultural and food products worldwide and is known to be a major exporter of food products. As a result, the US does not import much food and is self-sufficient in that matter.
As far as petroleum manufacturing goes, the US is listed third in the world; but because there is such a great demand of petroleum, the US has to import a great deal of oil from other countries other than what is being nationally produced.
The USís export partners include: Canada, Mexico, Japan, the UK, Germany, France and the Netherlands. Export cargo includes capital goods, automobiles, industrial supplies and raw materials, consumer goods, agricultural products. Import partners are yet again Canada, Mexico, Japan, Germany, the UK, China and Taiwan. The US mostly imports from these countries: crude oil and refined petroleum products, machinery, automobiles, consumer goods, industrial raw materials, food and beverages.
The United States of America, land of the free, the wild, the willing and the courageous; the place that merges all people together no matter how diverse their cultures or backgrounds. The US has pride in its ethnical and racial diversity as it rules over them equally making sure that every single personís voice is being heard. The US is home to blackís whites, Asians, Amerindian and Alaskan natives, native Hawaiians, Pacific islanders, Hispanics, Arabs, Europeans, Latin AmericansÖ You name it! These people are the ones who built the US foundation. Their sweat and blood rained down on the land to build what we call today America. They are the ones who turned us around 360 degrees and added new cultural dimensions to the American way of life. According to the estimate posted in the World Fact book, 77.1% of the US population is white, 12.9% is black, 4.2 is Asian, 1.5% is Amerindian and Alaskan native, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders are 0.3%. Approximately 56% of the US population is Protestant, 28% is Roman Catholic, 2% is Jewish, 10% have no religion whatsoever, while the rest compose of other religions.
In the past, blacks were forced to undergo brutal abuse, and conflicts between blacks and whites were abundant. Thankfully, that issue has settled down, but now we come to yet another struggle concerning Arabs and Muslims. After the attacks of September 11the, the Arabic/Asian race has had to suffer from constant aggressive abuse and numerous conflicts between this race and the Americans have been reported. This issue is not as severe right now as it was on the wake of the 9/11 attacks, nevertheless, disturbances still exist. In conclusion, the US is a country that is tightly woven together with its rainbow of cultures and religions and is proud to have them united representing one true nation.
The president is the commander in chief of the US armed forces. The orders by which he commands these forces are passed through the office of the secretary of defense to the numerous military orders. The Joint Chiefs of Staff counsel the president and Congress on military strategies, expenditure levels, weapons and systems. The basic structure of the American Military divides up into the following branches: the Department of the Army, Department of the Navy (includes Marine Corps), Department of the Air Force and the Coast Guard (the Coast Guard is normally subordinate to the Department of Transportation, but in wartime reports to the Department of the Navy).
As most of us know, the US is a great country that prides in its independence and so it does not rely on other nations at all when it comes to defense. Major security agreements to which the US is a party include the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and ANZUS, which bonds Australia with the US. As far as military expenditures go, the USís is $276.7 billion. Military age is males 18 years of age and military manpower availability is (males ages 15-49) 73,597,731 (2002 EST.).
When trying to estimate the power of the US military, figures and numbers are useless; the US has control over the mightiest and most powerful military in the world. It has control over the best missiles, bombs, aircraft and nuclear weapons in the industry. If anything, nobody would want to stand in the way of the US military. The US has the ability to launch ballistic missiles and bombs to almost anywhere in the world via aircraft, battleships and satellites. The US has a highly advanced technological system and has the ability to detect bombs and missiles via satellites within seconds therefore saving valuable time needed to persist its defensive strategies. Some of the USís defensive strategies/systems include the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), popularly known as "Star Wars", which is a military research program for developing an antiballistic missile defense system.
The US military consists of 1.37 million active duty forces (as of April 2001), 1.28 million ready and stand-by reserves (as of September 2000), and 669,000 civilian employees (as of April 2001). The US has an estimate of about _ aircraft carriers.
The US has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with a per capita GDP of $36,300. In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make most of the decisions, and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and services predominantly in the private marketplace. US business firms enjoy considerably greater flexibility than their counterparts in Western Europe and Japan in decisions to expand capital plant, lay off surplus workers, and develop new products. US firms are at or near the forefront in technological advances, especially in computers and in medical, aerospace, military equipment, although their advantage has narrowed since the end of World War II.
The onrush of technology largely explains the gradual development of a "two-tier labor market" in which those at the bottom lack the education and the professional/technical skills of those at the top and, more and more, fail to get comparable pay raises, health insurance coverage, and other benefits. Since 1975, practically all the gains in household income have gone to the top 20% of households.
The years 1994-2000 witnessed solid increases in real output, low inflation rates, and a drop in unemployment to below 5%. The year 2001 witnessed the end of the boom psychology and performance, with output increasing only 0.3% and unemployment and business failures rising substantially. The response to the terrorist attacks of September 11 showed the remarkable resilience of the economy. Moderate recovery is expected in 2002, with the GDP growth rate rising to 2.5% or more. Thus, the economy currently is suffering and is in a recession, the dollar is weak (though this helps with the trade deficit), and there is a sizable trade deficit. All that because of the normal business cycles as well the 11the of September attacks. However, the President Bush wants to enforce tax cuts as well as other policies to encourage consumer response.
The US. exports capital goods, automobiles, industrial supplies and raw materials, consumer goods, and agricultural products (wheat, other grains, corn, fruits, vegetables, cotton, beef, pork, poultry, dairy products, forest products, and fish), that add up to $723 billion. It exports mainly to Canada 22.4%, Mexico 13.9%, Japan 7.9%, UK 5.6%, Germany 4.1%, France, and Netherlands. However, there is a big trade deficit since the US. imports $1.148 trillion, from crude oil and refined petroleum products, machinery, automobiles, consumer goods, industrial raw materials, to food and beverages. It imports goods from Canada 19%, Mexico 11.5%, Japan 11.1%, China 8.9%, Germany 5.2%, UK, and Taiwan. The national debt is $862 billion, and the budget deficit is $1.828 trillion in revenues and $1.703 trillion in expenditures.
Views on World Problems:
The United States is the leading democracy in the world, thus it regards itself as the savior of democracy in the whole world. That was the basic excuse for invading Iraq. Actually, part of this is true, but again it's only a part. The other part comes in coordination with the US. policy from after the 70's when the Arab countries refused to supply oil to the westerners. Hence, the US., from back then, starting adopting policies in order to secure these oil fields, and so it did.
Terrorism is another major field that affects the US's foreign policy. The 11th of September attacks were impossible and incredibly embarrassing for the world's most mighty superpower. Therefore, it bombed Afghanistan and changed the Taliban regime. Furthermore, it is still continuing on searching for and possible threats to national security, for example by creating Homeland Security. On top of that, because the 11th of September attacks were so unsuspected and tremendous at the same time, the US. is launching pre-emptive attacks. That is, attacking before being attacked. However, nowadays, everything, from a small car accident or store burglary to developing weapons of mass destruction is considered terrorism. In the US's definition, terrorism is anything that isn't to her benefit. Iraq's invasion is a clear example, in which the US. eradicated the Iraqi regime because it "supported terrorism" where in reality, Saddam never saw the beard of Bin Ladin. According to President Bush, in order to gain the most support, our allies are the countries who help us or support us, even just by words, and our enemies are the ones who oppose us; there are no countries in between.
The US. has been always a loved country and was regarded as a savior of democracy. However, currently the US. is being the most hated country. Its blatant bias relations with Israel on the account of the Palestinians arenít the only reason, for the war on Iraq created tremendous riots in every part of the globe. As for other countries, the US. currently enjoys somewhat warm relations with Russia, since each side has things that it doesn't want the other side to interfere with. There were some strain relations with European countries, other than the UK. and Spain, but that was all on the pieces of the cake of Iraq that each country wanted. As for other allies, the US. is much supported by Japan, as well as South Korea. North Korea, however, is extremely against the US. and the relations are very tense because of N. Korea redeveloping it nuclear power plant but the US. isn't totally innocent because it stopped aid and power to N. Korea. Cuba has always had strained relations. Most Arab governments have good relations with the US. but the majority is afraid to state this loudly because of fear from their citizens. However, some, like Syria, experience tense relations with the US.
As for the UN., the situation of Iraq "not complying" proved the weakness of the UN. and proved also that there isn't such a thing in the real world called democracy. Although most of the UN. security council members opposed the war on Iraq, the US. COULDNíT afford to leave the situation as it is with just sanctions and it HAD TO bomb Iraq. Again, the 11th of September attacks weren't just any attacks, they hit the heart of the US. in a tremendous show that shook the US. more than it shook the other nations. Before that, the US. seemed totally invincible. No country dared to oppose the US. as we see now. Even the US. itself believed that they were invincible. However, the terrorist attacks proved otherwise. Thus, not only did the US. want to secure itself from any further attacks, possibly caused by Iraq, but also to re create, even a little, of its omnipotent strength.
The first inhabitants of the land of the free were the Native Americans. They led a very simple life style consisting mostly of farming, hunting, and occasionally, wars. During the 1500ís, the Europeans arrived. Ever since then, a rush of British and European explorers and immigrants (including the African slaves) set foot on the "New World" and by the 1700ís, the British settlers had established the 13 original colonies. A revolutionary war broke out between Britain and the American colonies, and after the colonies broke with the mother country in 1776, the new nation of the United States of America was recognized. George Washington was elected as the first president of the US in 1789 and initiated his dream of democracy and great leadership. The constitution was formed in 1787 and between 1861 and 1865 a civil war stormed between the states in the north and the south. The north won thus bringing an end to slavery.
To the American public of 1914, the outbreak of war in Europe came as a shock. The US decided not to take part in play in the war between Germany, Hungary and Austria against Britain, France and Russia. However in 1917, the US declared war on Germany after discovering its repeated attacks on American ships and a telegraph in which Germany anticipated war on the US. The US smothered the German forces with its considerable man power bringing an end to World War I.
In 1941, the situation worsened in Europe and Germany, Italy and Japan initiated war on their neighbors starting the wake of World War II. The US remained distant until the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941. The US proposed war on Japan, and Germany declared war on the US. Subsequent to that, the US increased its defense and brought an end to WWII by dropping two nuclear weapons on Japan.
After WWII, the US and the USSR raised as the most powerful nations in the world and both of them got involved in the Cold War because of their opposing opinions and because the US wanted to put a stop to communism. The war turned on and off and had a relaxation period in the 1980ís and the 1990ís. In 1991 a partnership was developed and that brought an end to the Cold War.
Throughout history, the US has been incredibly active especially in wars that bring freedom and democracy to the people including itís victory in the first Gulf War, itís putting a stop to the war in Somalia, ending the war in Yugoslavia, and (after the terrorist attack of 9/11) liberating the Afghan people from the terrible rule of the Taliban.
Currently, the US is in War with Iraq, successfully attempting to bring an end to the evil rule of Saddam Hussein. It has postponed this war for too long and sees this time to be the best to do so. The US may have not had agreement from most of the countries in the world, bet yet it persists because the US truly believes that itís either now or never.
A) The question of rising water levels due to the effects of global warming.
Recently, the world is a full of nervous matters and most of them tend to be concerned with poverty, diseases, war, and economy decline or food/water scarcity. Although all of these are extremely important issues, not many nations have turned their heads to a new uprising burden that reflects on most of these concerns, global warming. Greenhouse gas emissions are extremely powerful and long-lasting in the atmosphere. They are very effective at destroying the ozone layer and can store over 270 times more heat than 1 regular carbon dioxide molecule causing rising global temperatures. Rising global temperatures are expected to raise sea level, and change rainfall and other local climate conditions. Changing regional climate could change forests, crop income, and water supplies. It could also affect human health, animals, and many types of ecosystems and environments; deserts may expand and features of some national parks may be permanently altered.
One of the many efforts to grasp the emerging problem of global warming is the Kyoto Protocol. At a conference held in Kyoto, Japan, the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change agreed to a remarkable Protocol to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by controlling the forces of the global marketplace to protect the environment. The Kyoto Protocol is an agreement that would, after entering into force, require industrialized nations to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gases according to specific targets and timetables. It highlights an important step and milestone in the long path towards achieving the Convention's supreme objective of "stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system."
The US is, and has previously been known to be, significantly concerned with the environment and its many challenges. It helps fund many organizations and is considered to be a "nature-loving" country. Since the US is too occupied with current matters such as war and economy decline, it is considered to be for the Kyoto Protocol even though it has not officially ratified it.
The US may not fully be believed to be for the Kyoto Protocol since it has much effect on its economy because of its mass industrial enterprises. In addition, the US firmly believes in the implementation of a procedure that aims to the protection of the present/future generations of man kind, the environment, and the future of all living in a marvelously secure healthy world. However, the Kyoto Protocol does not seem suitable for the likes of industrial countries such as the US, EU, Japan and Canada; it is mainly applicable to African/Asian countries. The US encourages all efforts that attempt to achieve global awareness to the impacts of the global climate but is reluctant with considering the limitation of gas emissions. Being an earth loving country, the US deeply hopes to help provide a safer environment for all.
B) The question of controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it.
SARS virus is turning into more of a major concern each and every moment. Everyday we witness hundred of people on the news suffering from its and being infected by it. It spreads at an unusually fast rate since it is transmitted by air and the number of infections has significantly doubled in only a few days. Worldwide, SARS has killed more than 290 people and sickened more than 4,600. In the US, there have been 41 cases but no deaths. Although no a large amount of deaths were reported caused by the SARS virus, precautions must be taken as it spreads at incredible pace and if it continues, it will affect mass numbers of people and will most definitely kill them.
The US, as every other country in the world Iím sure, wants to resolve this problem immediately. The US is fortunate enough to be just ahead of the curve. And respectively, it is lucky because by the time the virus got to the US, people knew that it was a respiratory-borne virus that was contagious. As a result, the country is in a relatively good. Although a vaccine may take years to develop, scientists comment that we are in luck when it comes to a treatment for SARS since one of the good things about it is that it grows very well in tissue and can be cultured. The US encourages all attempts taken to solve this issue as soon as possible and hopes to find a treatment for this lethal disease before it is too late.
C) The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.
Water is the essence of life and an entire population could be destroyed from water shortage. This is the case in most developing countries, especially in Africa. Millions of people dies because food and water resources are not efficient during times of war or famine. Many organizations have been formed to aid in water problems of which is "Africa 2000" which is a program initiated by the World Health Organization (WHO).
As the US is highly irrigated and has high amounts of food, in a war famine is not a big problem to Italy.
D) The question of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East.
In the recent history of mankind till this current day, a great fear amongst us has been crawling behind our thoughts on every decision an important person makes on a risky matter. Whether it is the President of the United States of America, or the Maharaja of India. Yes, it is the risk of having nuclear or chemical warfare. Nuclear warfare and the use of chemical agents have slaughtered and jeopardized the lives of far more than enough people. No use can come from them, only pain, suffering and anguish. The victims of these disastrous weapons are frequently in conflict with numerous countries/governments in order to gain necessary compensation. Whether or not these victims were intentional and deliberately exposed themselves to this disaster, does not matter. People's lives are at stake, and the consequences are high.
North Korea has recently confessed about itís owning nuclear weapons but the US is engaged with other matters and is hoping to tackle each of these annoyingly threatening issues one by one. Currently, the US is in War with Iraq, successfully attempting to bring an end to the evil rule of Saddam Hussein. It has postponed this war for too long and sees this time to be the best to do so. The US may have not had agreement from most of the countries in the world, bet yet it persists because the US truly believes that itís either now or never. What the US is trying to achieve from all of this is peace in the Middle East and the development of a nuclear free zone. Seeing that the Middle East is so full of conflicts and nukes, why not start off with the leader of the gang, namely Iraq?
E) The question of guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba.
One minute the US wants to help the Cuban population and ensure their rights that are being abused by Castroís rule, and the next minute theyíre trying to cut off all sanctions to Cuba and theyíre the ones who are neglecting human rights! Could you please help me out with this one? I didnít even bother typing this one up because I didnít understand what the USĎs position is (itís so contradictory!) and because I knew that if I typed up some nonsense youíd freak out. Thanks J
Forum: General Assembly
Delegation: The United States of America
Delegate: Fatemah Boukhadour
Question of: securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine.
Defining times of war, famine as extremely hazardous dangers that cause food shortage resulting in severe diseases, pain suffering and death,
Realizing that most organizations, including sub-UN agencies such as the FAO, have had many successful efforts at securing food reserves during war/famine but that not much has been done to satisfy the food reserves after the war/famine;
Noting that the effects of famine are devastating to communities, regions and countries claiming the lives of hundreds of victims,
Noting that 67 million children weigh less than they should, more than two million children die every year from dehydration caused by diarrhea, nearly 226 million children are stunted-shorter than they should be (and score significantly lower on intelligence tests than normal children do), underweight children will probably spend fewer years in school, which has a measurable impact on how much they earn in adulthood (due to malnutrition which is caused by famine and food shortages during war according to www.freefromhunger.org,
Alarmed by the fact that food shortages during war and famine are resulting in many effects including: high infant-mortality rates, vulnerability to common illnesses (such as diarrhea), increased risk of infection, impediments to development, impediments to economic growth according to www.freefromhunger.org),
Recognizing that the access to safe drinking water is essential for all life forms whether it is for humans, animals, or plants and that the provision of it is a necessity for existence,
Noting with particular reference to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Water, Environment and Sanitation organization (WES), that there have been numerous programs and organizations formed attempting to put an end to this problem but they have failed according to www.childinfo.org/eddb/water/current.htm,
Deeply disturbed by the fact that the UN has been involved in water and food issues since the 1960's and yet no master solution has been found while 1 billion people in the world are currently living without access to safe water according to UNICEF,
Emphasizing the importance of enhancing public awareness of securing food and water resources for nations in times of and post war and famine.
Taking into Account that all previous efforts have confirmed that singular government industries/branches that work alone are unsuccessful and cannot effectively sort out this obstacle,
1. Emphasizes the importance of this issue and that it has been neglected for far too long by the international community as a whole;
2. Resolves the establishment of a summit shall be held by the United Nations in which all countries are called upon to discuss this very critical issue and its effects on the world community. It shall take place in Geneva, Switzerland and shall discuss various issues having to do with food/water reserves including the following issues: A. Encouraging foreign investments in countries especially those in which famine is a constant obstacle and who are likely to be under war conditions, B. The process of loans being handed to countries in need and organizations seeking to help countries that are being exposed to famine and of the such;
3. Further Resolves that one of the objectives of this summit is to main close ties between the WHO and the FAO to rather tackle this issue in cooperation;
4. Designates the FAO and WHO as the official Sub-UN Organizations that will be in charge of all organizations seeking to help countries in famine and that they will assign the tasks of all nations willing to help the victims;
5. Implies that this summit will also discuss the matter of cooperation between the WHO and the FAO and other such organizations in order to exercise the following procedures:A. Monitor organizations concerned with post-war food/water complications, B. Gather complaints of all nations world wide towards such organizations and prevent them within its practice, C. Head these organizations in the right direction in order to fulfill their jobs, D. Help such organizations in any way required;
6. Encourages all organizations concerning the securing of food and water reserves to allow the WHO and the FAO to send experts annually to evaluate the progression of such organizations;
7. Affirms the summit will also discuss cooperating with the UNICEF to provide loans to the countries in need;
8. Requests that the UNICEF, WHO and FAO continue their much appreciated donations for countries suffering from the nutritional aftermath of war/famine by: A. Loans with a decreased amount of interest, B. Loans with reimbursement, C. Celebrity rallies;
9. Further Invites all nations to continue their efforts of generosity and humanity to the victim countries and returning regular conditions back to their lives because foreign investments: A. They will create new jobs for the malnourished and will help them continue life without worrying so much about food, B. It will encourage other citizens to work and thus the countryís economy shall rise, C. Because of the new economic inflation, the people will be better educated and well-fed and able to commit to above average jobs in the future, D. Resistance to common diseases will be achieved because of a better-bred community and risk of infection shall decrease, E. Health, both physical and mental, shall be on a much higher scale and impediments to development and high infant-mortality rates shall decrease;
10. Ensures that after this summit takes place and all the statements are taken into action the following will take place: A. Organizations concerned with the nutrition of the world and striving to decrease the insecurity of food/water reserves will be working in the correct route, B. Countries suffering from famine/post-war starvation will receive all the help needed, C. The UNICEF, WHO and the FAO shall continue their efforts at aiding countries suffering from famine/post-war starvation by giving all organizations concerning there countries all the help needed;
11. Further Requests the UN to support the UNICEF, WHO and the FAO in anyway possible.
Honorable chair, most distinguished guests and fellow delegate s, good evening! From the United States