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Vietnam got its independence from France in 1945 and became a Democratic Republic in the North and a former republic in the South. In 1976 Vietnam United to become a Socialist Republic. The constitution of Vietnam came in 1992 and assigned a leading role to be played by the communist party. This constitution also made the power of the National Assembly greater. The communist party acts include political parties, trade unions and social organizations. The 1992 constitution states that the head of the state is the president whom is elected by the National Assembly. The national assembly is the highest legislative body in Vietnam and is composed of 400 members that are elected by the people in a five-year term. The head of the government is the prime minister and he selected by the president from the national assembly. The highest court in Vietnam is the Supreme People’s Court, and the National Assembly also elects the chief justice of this court.
Vietnam is an S-shaped country located in Southeastern Asia. From the North Vietnam is bordered by China from the East and South it is bordered by the South China Sea and from the West it is bordered by Cambodia and Laos. Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam, yet Ho Chi Minh is the largest city. Vietnam has two major rivers The Red River in the North and Mekong River in the South. The climate of Vietnam is tropical in the South monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (mid-May to mid-September) and warm, dry season (mid-October to mid-March). The total area of Vietnam is 329,560 sq km, and the population is81, 098,416 people. Vietnam’s significant Geographical position has made it an important trading spot in Southeastern Asia.
Due to their small amounts natural recourses do not play an important role in the economy of Vietnam. The northern highlands of Vietnam contain valuable minerals, including iron, anthracite coal, phosphate, zinc, chromite, tin, and apatite. Petroleum and natural gas deposits lie offshore. The oil taken from the South-China Sea is now enough to meet domestic needs of the country. Although natural resources do not make up a big part of Vietnam’s economy but the most valuable natural resource Vietnam has is its fertile land.
The wars Vietnam went through in the last century have made the economy of this country very weak and have left Vietnam a densely populated country. As with all Communist governments the government in Vietnam plays an important role in the economy of the country. This includes nationalizing all major industries and placing farmland under state ownership. From the end of the war until the mid 1980’s the Vietnamese economy had been very poor due to excessive government controls, lack of managerial experience, limited capital resources, and the absence of a profit incentive.
The Economic Renovation program, which encouraged foreign investment, was launched in 1996 to improve the economy. This program did its job the GDP in 2001 was $168.1 billion with a growth rate of 4.7%. The civilian labor force in Vietnam is nearly 38.2 million 67% of this force works in agriculture while the other 33% woks in industries and services. Agriculture is the leading sector in the Vietnamese economy. The country’s principle crops include rice, staple food, cassava and sugarcane. Cash crops on the other hand include coffee, tea, soybeans and natural rubber. Since the beginning of the 1990’s the economy of Vietnam has bee growing rapidly.
The cultural life of Vietnam was strongly influenced by that of China until French domination in the 19th century. At that time the culture started to gain some Western characteristics. Throughout the generations of Vietnamese people the four religions that may some influences on them are Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Christianity. The official language of Vietnam is Vietnamese. Some other spoken languages are English, French, Chinese, and Khmer. The religions of the people are Buddhist, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic, some Protestant), indigenous beliefs and Muslim.
The Vietnamese armed forces totaled 572,000 troops in 1995. Between two and three years of military service are compulsory for men. The People's Army of Vietnam includes Ground Forces, People's Navy Command, Air and Air Defense Force and Coast Guard. Much of the equipment used by the military consists of abandoned American-made materiel and an arm obtained from Vietnam's allies, particularly the former Soviet republics.
Views on world problems:
No body knows how bad wars can be better than Vietnam due to the amount of violence it had experienced in the last century. After experiencing all of that violence Vietnam believes it's important for nations to cooperate in achieving world peace. Vietnam does not interfere with other countries weather in violence or political issues in order to achieve some peace in its country. Vietnam urges nations to stop using chemical weapons to insure world peace and to keep a secured environment.
The Vietnamese first appeared in history, as one of many scattered peoples living in what is now South China and Northern Vietnam. In 221 Vietnam became one of the states that were conquered by China. In the early 11th century the first independent Vietnamese Nation was found, in the 15th century Vietnam was conquered by China another time but they soon gained independence two hundred years later. In the 18th century the French came and the country was occupied by France until 1954 when Vietnam declared in 1654 after the Second World War.
After that The United States stepped in with economic and military aid to South Vietnam. This aid continued to grow during the 1960s to help the government of South Vietnam, then the US armed forces were drawn into a civil war between the north and the south until 1973 when the US forces withdrew from South Vietnam. Two years after that the Communist soldiers occupied South Vietnam and in 1976 the Northern and Southern Vietnam were united to form one Vietnam. Unfortunately the violence wasn’t ended here in 1979 Vietnam attacked Cambodia and installed a new government there. Shortly after that Vietnam fought a war with China and it was ended with no clear victory to either side. In the late 1980’s Vietnam strained relation with its neighbors and West countries this lost Vietnam its Communist friends.
(1) The question of rising water levels due to the effects of global warming.:
Global warming is the predicted increase in the earth’s temperature due to an increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This problem is happening as a result of human activity. The green house effect is a part of the problem known as global warming. The greenhouse effect is the warming effect on the air caused by heat rising from the surface of the earth and being trapped by gasses known as green house gasses. It is feared that, as a result of global warming, regional weather and climate will alter. Sea level will rise as the oceans warm and expand and glaciers melt.
Since Vietnam is bordered by the South China Sea from the East and south global warming and its effects is a big threat to it. As a result it is playing a leading role in finding solutions to this problem. In 1991 Vietnam organized an International Conference on Climate Change and Sea Level Rise Impacts this conference was held in Hanoi and recommended that consideration of long-term climate change should be an integral part of the formulation of a national strategy for sustainable development and much has already been achieved by Vietnamese scientists and policy makers. It may seem hard for a country such as Vietnam to respond to this environmental threat but yet it is facing immediate development priorities. The people and government of Vietnam are well aware of the dangers posed by existing environmental problems. The experience gained in responding to these difficulties will prove invaluable in reducing the impact of climate change and sea level rise.
(2) The question of controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it:
SARS is the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome this disease is spreading very fast in different parts of the world. The majority of the cases area occurring in China, Honk Kong, Canada and other countries in South East Asia. SARS is a lung infection. The symptoms of SARS start after an incubation period 2-7 with fever above 38 degrees Celsius, Cough, shortness of breath, difficulty of breathing and history of close contact with a person who had SARS, or a history of travel, to an area of transmission of SARS occur within 10 days of the start of symptoms.
As a South Eastern country Vietnam is with out a doubt a threat to this deadly disease. By next week Vietnam will apply to a new procedure for screening of people returning from affected areas. Vietnam honors the contribution of the World Health Organization in controlling SARS. Vietnam is installing thermal imaging machines at airports in capital city Hanoi and southern commercial hub Ho Chi Minh City and at several border gates with China, which has had the most number of cases of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. The disease infected 63 people in Vietnam, five of whom died.
(3) The question of securing food and water resources for nations in times of war and famine:
Because Vietnam went through a lot of wars in the last five decades it knows how hard and yet crucial it is to secure food and water resources for nations in times of war. Vietnam is not a very rich country but it is still trying to aid countries that are suffering during the times of war.
(4) The question of creating a nuclear free zone in the Middle East:
Nuclear Weapon Free Zones (NWFZs) is prohibiting the stationing, testing, use, and development of nuclear weapons inside a particular geographical region. Although considerable efforts have been made to create a zone free of nuclear and other weapons of mass-destruction in the Middle East, the project has not succeeded. Other regions of the world, meanwhile, such as Latin America, the North Pacific and Africa, have achieved successes in this area. There are several factors distinguishing the Middle East region one of these is Israel's refusal to disarm its nuclear arsenal and sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
As an Asian country, Vietnam wishes more security and control is set on the use of nuclear weapon. Vietnam believes that there's not a lot of risk in the rapid growth of nuclear weapons in the Middle East and Central and South Asia. Instead, Vietnam believes that there should be more security in these nations from nuclear weapons used by the US. Vietnam urges the UN to insure more security on Middle East and Central and South Asia on the use of nuclear weapons since they're most likely to get attacked by them.
(5) The question of guaranteeing human rights and alleviating suffering in Cuba:
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights has continued to observe the human rights situation in the Republic of Cuba closely. The major worry of the lack of human rights in Cuba is to do with the lack of free elections. Since the communist party is playing a leading role in both the republic of Vietnam and Cuba the relationship between the two republics is quite strong. This one of the reasons Vietnam does not have an obvious opinion on the human rights Cuban issue. Although Vietnam is a peaceful country but it does not want loose a strong ally such as Cuba.
Issue: The question of controlling the spread of the SARS virus and finding a cure for it.
Event: Pearl-MUN 2003
Fourm: General Assembly
Defining SARS as Severe Acute respiratory Syndrome, it is a respiratory illness that has recently been reported in Asia, North America and Europe,
Deeply Concerned that if SARS is spread it will be a threat to millions of people worldwide since it is fatal,
Noting with deep regret that SARS is a contagious syndrome that can be transferred to many people in no matter of time,
Taking into account that no vaccine has been found,
Bearing in mind that if no actions where taken to spread this fatal disease it is going to cause a great problem and will be a threat to a lot of the world’s citizens,
Bringing into Attention that Vietnam is the first country to have controlled SARS,
1)Notices that there are twenty-six countries with outbreaks of SARS, these countries have reported 5218 cases of SARS and 317 deaths of the deadly syndrome;
2) Draws the Attention of the fellow delegates that there are some simple ways that Vietnam used to fight this syndrome and they are: A) Contain the disease and monitor each case, B) Showing strong commitment of the highest level, C) Establishing good procedures of infection control especially in public areas, hospitals, and airports, D) Sealing borders with infected countries if there are any;
3) Confirms that No new cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome have been reported in Vietnam since April 8;
4) Encourages all the twenty-six countries suffering from SARS to take the actions Vietnam took to prevent the deadly syndrome;
5) Further Requests that the UN will play a leading role in helping the nations suffering from SARS take the actions Vietnam took.
Good morning/ evening everyone:
From the Mekong River to the Red River from Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh from the North to the South the S-shaped Peninsula known as Vietnam welcomes you.
We are the country of great civilizations the country that defeated the Red White & Blue. We are the country of peace the country that understands and respects the principles of the human rights.